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Glacier Commissioners Discuss Marijuana Tax and Snow Removal | Cut Bank Pioneer Press

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The three commissioners attended the January 5 meeting at the Cut Bank courthouse, along with Executive Administrative Assistant Jeri Johnson Elliot and Highways Supervisor John Evans.

The commissioners began by scheduling public meetings regarding Glacier County imposing a 3% tax on marijuana sales in the county. Commissioner Michael DesRosier noted that the state already taxes these sales at 20% and allows counties to add a tax of 3% more. He said that one percent of that 3% goes to municipalities allowing sales while 1.5% stays in the county and half a percent goes to the state.

Stating that the commissioners had previously agreed to a 3% tax, President Mary Jo Bremner asked them to set dates for public hearings on the matter. She further noted that not all decisions made for Glacier County would apply to the Blackfeet Reserve as it is federal property.

While Bremner called for the development of language for voters to approve, Elliot said no votes would be needed since voters had already approved the voting initiative that legalized recreational use in 2020. Public hearings should be held, she said, to gather the opinions of citizens.

Bremner asked Elliot to consider what would be needed while the Commissioners dealt with the public hearings. Since it was one of the topics for discussion, the choice of meeting dates will have to be approved at the next Commissioners meeting.

Commissioner DesRosier suggested that the hearings be held in conjunction with the regular Commission meetings, so it was decided to hold them, first on Tuesday January 11 at the Browning satellite office and on Thursday January 20 at the courthouse in Cut the bank.

Continuing, President Bremner said someone called her about damage to a vehicle from county snowplows at East Glacier Park. She asked the commissioners about snow removal at Browning, as it is no longer incorporated as East Glacier Park.

“We own some streets in East Glacier, like Clarke Drive, and that’s a difference between East Glacier and Browning,” Commissioner DesRosier said. “When Browning was disbanded the tribe got everything, equipment and everything, so I think we shouldn’t be doing their streets, they should either come back to town or do it themselves. We can help in an emergency, but they have to intervene. “

President Bremner said she had been invited to attend a tribal council meeting and would address these issues at next month’s general council meeting while seeking cooperative arrangements with the tribe.

Roads supervisor Evans said a problem at East Glacier is with people whose parked vehicles are not moved away from graders.

“Every year we go up there, but people don’t have an aisle,” Evans said. “Some are really good at moving their vehicles, but others aren’t and we get calls. Graders are so big they can cause damage.

After discussing various ways to encourage people to move vehicles before snowplows, the commissioners said they would work on developing public service announcements on posters, on Facebook and on the radio. asking for the cooperation of the public. This being another point of discussion, she requested that a resolution be taken at the next meeting.

ONEUNITED BANK LAUNCHES THE CASHPLEASE LOAN PROGRAM

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America’s Largest Black-Owned Bank Offers Short-Term Small Dollar Loans Without Credit Checks

BOSTON, January 11, 2022 / PRNewswire / – OneUnited Bank, America’s Largest Black-Owned Bank, Presents Cash Please, a small, short-term loan program to help clients better manage their money. Easy to access, without a credit check, CashPlease allows customers to avoid abusive payday loans and overdraft penalties.

ONEUNITED BANK, AMERICA’S LARGEST BLACK BANK, LAUNCHES CASHPLEASE LOAN PROGRAM OFFERING SHORT-TERM SMALL DOLLAR LOANS WITHOUT CREDIT CHECKS

Millions of consumers endure high cost payday loans every year. They struggle to pay their household bills on time, can incur late fees and experience negative effects on their credit score. With CashPlease, OneUnited Bank checking account customers have access to small, short-term loans to avoid these damaging consequences.

Cash Please® offers the option to apply online 24/7 with loan funds deposited within 4 hours. There is no credit report review. CashPlease offers a repayment option that is easy to automatically deduct from a current account in 3 installments over 3 months. The loans are affordable with reasonable interest rates and fees offering considerable savings as compared to payday loans. Qualifications apply.

“We know better than anyone the expectations of our customers with regard to urgent unforeseen expenses.,“States Teri williams, President & COO. “With the 2 day prepayment and now CashPlease, we continue to use technology to deliver services to better meet the financial needs of our community.”

OneUnited Bank, the largest and first black-owned digital bank in America, strives to make financial literacy a core value of the black community through the #BankBlack and #BuyBlack movement.

For more information visit www.oneunited.com/cashplease.

Media inquiries: Suzan McDowell, Circle of One Marketing, [email protected], 305-576-3790 or 305-490-9145

OneUnited Bank

OneUnited Bank (www.oneunited.com), is the largest (largest customer base) and first black-owned digital bank in America, a Minority Depository Institution (MDI) and Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI), is a ten-time recipient of the US Treasury Department’s Bank Enterprise Award due to its community development loan. Its mission is to be the premier bank serving urban communities by promoting financial literacy and providing affordable financial services.

(PRNewsfoto / OneUnited Bank)

(PRNewsfoto / OneUnited Bank)

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Businesses and nations aim for the moon in 2022

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Future lunar ambitions, scientific advances and national prestige are at the rendezvous for the launch of the missions to the Moon this year.

Why is this important: As the International Space Station program draws to a close, the Moon will only assume more strategic importance in the years to come. Lunar alliances of space nations have implications for science, business, and geopolitics on Earth.

  • Today, “it’s not just an elite thing to be able to go to the moon,” according to Victoria Samson of the Secure World Foundation. Access to space has expanded to the point where the Moon’s potential missions are more accessible than ever to more nations.

What is happening: This year, at least three countries are aiming to send missions to the moon.

  • NASA’s massive Space Launch System rocket, designed to transport people to the moon by 2025 as part of the Artemis program, is set to debut this year with an unmanned mission that will send the Orion capsule around the moon and back to Earth.
  • This mission will also carry smaller satellites designed to study various aspects of the Moon, including ice at the South Pole and solar radiation impacting the lunar environment.
  • South Korea is set to launch its first mission to the Moon – the robotic Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter – in August, and Russia may send its unmanned Luna 25 mission to the lunar surface to investigate the moon’s ice this year.

The big picture: US companies are also targeting the moon with support from NASA this year, and so could change the course of lunar science.

  • The astrobotic and intuitive machines are expected to launch their landers onto the lunar surface this year, taking payloads for NASA and other private companies with them.
  • This type of mission marks a change for NASA, according to Casey Dreier of the Planetary Society. “Instead of the mission being designed around specific questions, science is made to accommodate the capabilities of the platforms.”
  • “And so [they’re] generalize platforms with the goal of increasing the rate and frequency of the science you collect, but not necessarily specifically designed to address the most pressing, remote, or specific issues you encounter. “

What to watch: NASA has wooed nations to sign its Artemis Agreements, which are designed to govern behavior on the moon.

  • But the space agency has competition. Russia and China plan to build their own lunar research station in the coming years, potentially attracting other potential international partners to this collaboration instead of Artemis.
  • The first crewed Artemis mission to land on the moon still faces many technical hurdles ahead of launch, including SpaceX developing its own lunar lander under a contract with NASA to use its Starship rocket for launch.
  • Starship is set to launch its first orbital mission this year, so it will be a key event to watch for anyone keeping an eye on the direction of NASA’s lunar ambitions.

Researchers find low oxygen and sulphide levels in oceans played a bigger role in ancient mass extinction

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Seth Young’s research group collects and describes limestone samples from a field site in the Roberts Mountains, Nevada. Credit: Anders Lindskog / Florida State University

Researchers at Florida State University have new insight into the complicated puzzle of environmental conditions that characterized the Late Ordovician (LOME) mass extinction, which killed about 85% of species in the ocean.

Their work on the 445 million year old mass extinction has been published online in the journal AGU advances Monday.

“We found that the reducing conditions – with little or no oxygen and little or no levels of hydrogen sulfide – probably play a much bigger role than we previously thought,” said lead author Nevin. Kozik, PhD student in the Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Scientist and researcher at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, headquartered at FSU. “If you imagine a pie chart of the causes of this extinction, we are increasing this wedge which signifies oxygen deficiency, which occurs in concert with a cooling climate and widespread habitat loss due to sea level change. . “

The research is the first study to use measurements from multiple elements from multiple sites to examine the conditions that led to LOME, the second largest extinction event in Earth’s history and the only mass extinction to occur during what are called ice house conditions, when Earth’s climate is cold enough at the poles to support ice caps year round.

To measure oxygen and sulphide concentrations from millions of years ago, scientists use geochemical proxies that correspond to ancient marine conditions. The iodine concentrations and sulfur isotopes from three sites provided information on oxygen and sulphide levels in the ancient ocean.

The extinction occurred in two separate pulses. Using these geochemical measurements as environmental indicators, the researchers found that oxygen levels decreased before the first pulse and remained low. Levels of hydrogen sulfide in the oceans initially declined, causing the first pulse of the extinction event, but these levels then increased, coinciding with the second and final pulse of the extinction.

At the same time as Earth’s climate cooled, glaciers were expanding at the former South Pole (now North Africa), resulting in a drop in sea level and loss of habitat. for marine organisms in the shallow sea lanes of the tropics.

“Geological records indicate that there were many environmental factors at play to lead to this extinction event,” Kozik said. “The processes that we relate here are like several life-killing punches during this time.”

Even though conditions became inhospitable for many organisms around the planet, the environment in some places remained rich in oxygen and able to support a diversity of life. Researchers found evidence of higher oxygen levels at a site near present-day Quebec that housed a shallow reef on the continental shelf 445 million years ago.

“We know that life had to survive and persist after this mass extinction, and now we have an indication that at least this place had enough oxygen to support life,” said co-author Seth Young, associate professor at the Land, Ocean Department. and atmospheric scientist and researcher at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, headquartered at FSU. “It’s consistent with what you find in the rock and fossil record that the reefs persist during this extinction event. The fossils suggest that at least there life was OK.”

The extinction event is an ancient analogue of what is happening on Earth today. The Earth today, as in the Upper Ordovician, is in a period of ice age and is experiencing a significant loss of biodiversity, global warming and a decrease in ocean oxygen.

“All of these things are really important and provide a modern perspective on this mass extinction event,” Young said. “It is important not only to understand what caused this extinction event, but also how the earth system came out of it and continued. Period of survival as and what led to the re-emergence and re- diversification of life. “

Researchers from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and the State University and University of California at Riverside contributed to this study.


Researchers find oxygen surge coincided with ancient global extinction


More information:
Nevin P. Kozik et al, Geochemical records reveal a prolonged and differential marine redox change associated with the late Ordovician climate and massive extinctions, AGU advances (2022). DOI: 10.1029 / 2021AV000563

Provided by Florida State University

Quote: Researchers Discover Low Oxygen and Sulfide Levels in Oceans Played Larger Role in Ancient Mass Extinction (2022, Jan 10) Retrieved Jan 10, 2022 from https://phys.org / news / 2022-01-oxygen-sulfide-oceans-greater- role.html

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Cap City split up last week’s games | Prairie Sun Star

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How to Get Bad Credit Loans with Guaranteed Approval?

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How to Get Bad Credit Loans with Guaranteed Approval?

Are you have a poor credit score, and as a result you are hesitant to apply for a loan? It’s always best to be prepared as well as have the capacity to negotiate to be able to meet the requirements. Check your credit report and available assets that can be used to repay the loan. Look for deals that are most suitable for you and provide the best conditions few simple steps.

Access your credit report

There is always room for improvement but we need to do some extra preparation. So, look over the details of your credit report and check for areas that you could improve. Check for any errors and fix these. So, you can get low-interest rates.

In many cases, your credit history is the most important factor when receiving a loan. Based on your credit background, the lender can determine whether the borrower will have enough funds to pay back this loan in full or not. It is advised to examine your credit report at least three months prior to the date you apply for a loan.

Set a goal and plan well

Determine the amount you’ll have to borrow. Then, you should create an outline of how you will make all installments on time. Plan your budget and this includes all expenditures, savings, and debt payments. All of these contribute to the repayment of your loan.

Calculate how much you can save in order to repay a loan. then close the loan, and do it all on time. Keep in mind that long-term personal loans to those with poor credit will have more interest.

Check the rate of interest

Pay attention and be aware whenever you look up interest rates. Some companies might grab your attention through advertisements of low-interest rates, however, the truth could be completely different. Be cautious when you take in these ads. Also, be sure to read these terms of service lenders have set because of the often they refer to the interest rates they charge.

Beware of scams

Don’t be fooled by their claims! If you’re unfamiliar with this process, it will be simpler to set it up. Be aware of this that reputable and trustworthy lenders will be looking at your credit history and payment history. If they don’t inquire about the matter, don’t be able to trust them completely. If they’re a fraud lender, they’ll keep calling you on a regular basis. Therefore, be careful!

Make your payments smart

It is your obligation and obligation to make payments in time. This way, you’ll avoid any charges, penalties, or negative marks in the credit report, as well. If you incur additional charges that are not covered by the loan, its actual cost will increase, meaning the rates of interest you’ll pay will be higher.

10 best places in the world to see stunning glaciers

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Glaciers are a natural wonder of the world, attracting ordinary mortals from all over to attest to their size and grandeur. These gigantic masses of ice are ever-changing in nature, with unimaginable sizes, awe-inspiring shapes and stunning colors that no man-made structure could ever resemble.

While these shape-changing sub-zero towers and islands are constantly on the move, there are a number of places around the world to see magical glaciers – which are made of snow that has been compressed into massive, thick ice giants at the base. over the millennia. Naturally, the Arctic is of course an obvious candidate to begin his search for the most amazing glaciers on the planet.

However, to marvel at the majesty of these breathtakingly beautiful nature shows, it is not always necessary to venture to the poles; some are closer to home than you might think.

ten Alaska and Montana, United States

Alaska is famous for having some of the largest glaciers on the planet, and one of the best places to witness their glory is Prince William Sound – home to over a hundred documented and named glaciers as well as glaciers from active tides that frequently spawn colossal icebergs.

Among the most visited, the Colombia Glacier is one of the most famous and often visited by cruise ships, while Exit Glacier Alaska is one of the most accessible in Alaska, located in the Kenai Fjords National Park, at short drive to Seward. However, it’s not just about ice and snow – visitors regularly report seeing a multitude of incredible creatures on their trips in search of glaciers, including bears, whales, sea otters, and more.

The cold state of Montana is also worthy of mention with its astonishing Glacier National Park full of ice, lakes, forests and massive mountains that attracts multitudes of visitors every year in search of some of the most breathtaking icy vistas. from North America.

Related: These Are The Best Hikes In Glacier National Park

9 Vatnajokull Glacier, Iceland

The Land of Fire and Ice is a glacial paradise, with 11% of the country’s terrain covered in ice caps – one of which is Europe’s largest glacier, Vatnajokull, a glorious UNESCO World Heritage site. in itself representing 8% of Iceland. In the midst of this breathtaking glacier is a network of stunning ice caves, while beneath its surface lie epic volcanoes bubbling to icy depths.

Huge and powerful as it is, it is not immune to climate change; The Vatnajokull Glacier recedes by about three football fields each year in some areas. Glacier fanatics and those wishing to learn more will enjoy Perlan’s visit to Reykjavik, where the Glaciers and Ice Cave exhibit – the very first of its kind on earth – is packed with exhibits, information and educational content on these magnificent spectacles of nature. .

Related: 10 Glacier Hikes That Lets Visitors See Iceland In A New Way


8 Franz Josef and Fox, New Zealand

The twin glaciers of Franz Josef and Fox on the South Island are arguably the most famous in all of New Zealand and shouldn’t be ignored by those looking for the most breathtaking ice giants in the country. But those who take the time to explore other regions for the glaciers will not be disappointed by visiting the magnificent Alps in the south of the island.

Grab a camera and venture to Mount Cook – New Zealand’s highest peak – for spectacular views and photography-worthy shots that wouldn’t out of place in a fantasy film. Additionally, visitors can also enjoy an iceberg cruise or sightseeing flight through the region in search of stunning scenery and unique photo opportunities.


seven Jostedalsbreen, Norway

Norway’s world famous fjords are the product of glaciers, having been sculpted over an impressive number of years to become the incredible landscapes they are today. Home to continental Europe’s largest glacier, Jostedalsbreen spans around 188 square miles and is simply spectacular from anywhere. Interestingly, scientists mapped the thickness of the ice to help predict how climate change might affect it for many years to come – and their conclusion? They think it might split into several smaller glaciers in the future.


6 Jakobshavn Glacier, Greenland

Greenland is made up of around 80% ice and as such is a winter wonderland of snow and ice that any glacier-loving traveler must visit. West Greenland is where the mighty 40-mile long and one-mile-thick Jakobshavn Glacier is located, which spawns a large number of icebergs, including the one that sank the ill-fated Titanic in 1912. Without a doubt one of the best ways to explore this historically significant glacier is heading to the Ilulissat Ice Fjord, which is also the world’s most northerly UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most beautiful frozen regions on the planet.


5 Angel and Athabasca Glaciers, Canada

Canada has stunning Glacier National Parks, and the rugged wilderness near the Canadian Rocky Mountains between Jasper and Alberta’s Lake Louise in the Icefields Parkway is home to many. Over 100 icefield glaciers call out this 230-kilometer-long route, where jaw-dropping waterfalls, crystal-clear lakes and snow-capped mountains provide a magical backdrop.

Stopping at the Columbia Icefield in Jasper National Park to observe the Athabasca Glacier – one of the most visited glaciers in North America – is also an absolute must in this region, and best seen the most. sooner rather than later as it is estimated that it will disappear within the next 100 years. The uniquely shaped Angel Glacier, aptly named for its ‘wings’, isn’t far from Athabasca either and is definitely worth adding to the route if one gets to this choppy part. the breath of Canada in search of sparkling glaciers.


4 Mer de Glace, France

France’s largest glacier – Mer de Glace, meaning “sea of ​​ice” – is one of the country’s nature theaters that truly deserves attention. Previously, in the 1980s, visitors could access it by cable car near Mont Blanc, but today they have to venture over 580 to reach an ice cave that is dug every year. However, experts believe this French glacier is in trouble as diggers started hitting rock instead of ice when digging the annual ice cave.




3 Pasterze Glacier, Austria

Though shrinking rapidly, Austria’s largest glacier continues to be a top attraction in this land of jagged mountains and winter wonderland. The Pasterze Glacier is believed to have lost about half of its ice over the past century, but its visit remains phenomenal, especially with a certified guide to provide expert insight and the best experience for tourists. And if the glacier weren’t attractive enough, year-round snow-covered activities like skiing, cable car rides, and snowboarding mean there’s no excuse not to add this icy region to the list. buckets.


2 Aletsch Glacier, Switzerland

It is one of the largest alpine glaciers with 11 billion tons of unimaginable ice. This famous region of Switzerland itself is a hotspot for cyclists, skiers, paragliders, snowboarders and other adrenaline junkies, but the added attraction of one of the most colossal glaciers the world has ever known. makes this place truly unbeatable. However, those who want to bear witness to this gigantic ice beast should go now; experts expect the Aletsch Glacier to shrink by around 50% over the course of the century.

Related: New to Skiing? Here are the resorts you should consider booking first


1 Patagonia, Chile and Argentina

Patagonia is located at the southern end of Chile and Argentina. The rugged region is another exceptional place to marvel at icy fjords and scenic lakes, and these Chilean fjords, in particular, provide a unique opportunity to witness the birth of icebergs in secluded bays – which are also home to elephant seals, whales, and Magellanic penguins. A great way to explore this vast and wild region of ice is by taking a guided tour through its beautiful lake regions, visiting Torres del Paine in Chile – home to the famous Gray Glacier – and the Perito Moreno Glacier in neighboring Argentina.

Next: Must-see icebergs not to be missed in Newfoundland

trees in the twisted forest in poland, strange right circles in the desert in namibia


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resident of Laramie finds beauty, adventure in Antarctica | News

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Turkish scientist enters ‘100 women in polar science’ list

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CANAKKALE

Ebru Caymaz, an academic from Onsekiz Mart University in the northwestern province of Çanakkale, became the very first Turkish scientist to be selected in the “100 Women in Polar Science” project.

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The initiative, funded by the Curtis and Edith Munson Foundation and led by the Ocean Foundation and the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, empowers women scientists to conduct research at the poles.

Having worked in Norway, Greenland and Iceland since 2015, Caymaz will now travel to Siberia with the help of the Global Warming Impacts Study Project.

“I will continue my research at the poles and hope to see more women on the list in the years to come,” Caymaz told the Milliyet daily on Jan. 9.

Nicknamed the “Princess of the Glaciers,” Caymaz often climbs glaciers, dives under ice and visits icebergs as part of her research.

“We need to understand the importance of science diplomacy in raising awareness of the impacts of global warming,” she said. “People should join forces for international scientific cooperation.”

Now his next mission will be in Siberia “to meet the local community, known as the Eskimos in Turkey, living near the North Pole”.

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She does not prefer to use the word “Eskimo” because it means “eaters of flesh”.

“In local languages, they are called Yukagir, Nganasan or Inuit. All of them simply mean “human”. I want to meet them and comment on the effects of global warming there, ”she noted.

After graduating from Istanbul University, Caymaz obtained his doctorate. from Istanbul Marmara University on “management and organization”.

Caymaz has written numerous scientific papers on various research that she has conducted in the Arctic. Her latest article, “Thinking the Management in the Arctic Region Amid Pandemic,” which she wrote for the Arctic Institute, was presented to the US Congress.

In 2016, Caymaz became the first person with her colleague, Özgür Korkmaz, to cross Greenland in winter.

She crossed the largest island in the world in seven days without any assistance as no Danish guide dared to accompany her.

“The temperature was minus 45 degrees Celsius. It was a 400 kilometer adventure route, ”she said. “There is nothing in this world that a woman cannot achieve.”

In a previous interview, Caymaz also said that she dreams of visiting the South Pole.

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“I also have plans for Antarctica,” she said without giving details.

An extreme challenge in difficult to understand temperatures

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Ice swimming: an extreme challenge in difficult to understand temperatures

Ice swimming is the fastest growing extreme water sport. Tens of thousands of swimmers are now hitting cold water daily and before COVID restrictions thousands have flocked to events from Siberia to Argentina to Antarctica, the mountains of California and the loughs from Ireland.

Story

Soaking in ice water has historical roots in northern countries, from Iceland to Japan. It was part of a sauna routine – but not really ‘swimming’. Several key stages have contributed to the emergence of sport. Lynne cox** Performed a high-profile 2.2 mile / 3.5 km swim across the Bering Sea between Russia and the United States in 1987 in 4 ° C / 40 ° F water at the height of the Cold War and 1.4 miles / 2.25 km documented in his 2002 York Times bestselling New Book “Swimming to Antarctica” in 0 ° C / 32 ° F water. Winter swimming in northern countries held its first world championship in Finland in 2000. Later, Lewis pugh* completed a 0.62 mile / 1 km swim crossing across the North Pole to highlight global warming in 2007 in waters at -1.6 ° C / 29 ° F. Yes, sea water has a lower freezing temperature!

The sport grew rapidly with the formation of two organizations to coordinate events and set safety standards: the International Winter Swimming Association (2006) and the International Ice Swimming Association (2009). They have contributed to an open water swimming season extending throughout winters in the northern and southern hemispheres.

What is that?

Photo courtesy:

Ice swimming is an extreme sport and therefore the swimmer tackles cold waters with just a small swimsuit and cap (both without neoprene) and goggles. Water temperatures vary depending on the challenge, ranging from below 0 ° C / 32 ° F to anything swimmers might find at a world championship in a majestic location like Lake Bled in Slovenia. And yes, wind chill can magnify the challenge. Bathing takes place in open-air pools, lakes, seas, rivers and often in a course carved out of surface ice (photo Tyumen, Siberia in Russia – frozen river).

Marathon swimmers face longer swims (over 20 miles / 32 km) across the English Channel. The waters are cold, ranging from 8-19 ° C / 46-66 ° F, but far from ice swimming.

Why?

Individuals push the physical and psychological limits in all sports, which attracts swimmers to cold water. For traditional pool swimmers, a serious cold water challenge begins at a water temperature of 15 ° C / 59 ° F. Then everything changes. Each degree drop from that level presents a very different challenge. 7.5 ° C is not twice as difficult as 15 ° C. It’s another world and 0 ° C is not of this world!

The workouts are shorter, and the key is to acclimatize to the cold water – to make your body and brain accept it. Some will sit in a giant ice bath to prepare and visualize. All swimmers then set goals: Faster times, longer in the water, represent their country during a trip to Siberia for a world championship with friends, win and walk in the red jacket “ice miler “And even” take advantage “of the esprit de corps that stems from” common suffering “and success.

Range of events

The sport presents a range of events and challenges. There are competitions by age group with races of 50/100 meters with all strokes (see photo) and annual competitions by points. These events can also make it possible to take a step up to an “endurance” swim of 450 meters. Other events push the distance to 1 km with world records and age groups recorded. Stars from the pool and marathon world, including three times Olympian Petar stoychev***, caused these record times to drop. Many prefer team challenges like the Bering Strait Relay ****: 66 swimmers from 16 countries completed the swim during a frigid six-day adventure.

Individual challenges start below 5 ° C / 41 ° F with a mile of ice – around 620 on record so far. Complete one on each continent and join Jaimie Monahan* with the Ice7 badge. Drop below 1 ° C / 33.8 ° F and this mile earns the “ice zero” badge – only 21 registered to date. Then vary the location: Arctic (highest latitude), Antarctica (lowest latitude), Mount Everest (highest altitude), etc. And don’t forget to swim under the ice!

Security

In all extreme sports, safety protocols develop steadily as knowledge increases. Needless to say, the main danger is hypothermia – when a swimmer’s core body temperature drops below a certain level and organ failure can result.

One of the unique elements of sport and hypothermia is called “gout”. The swimmer’s core body temperature continues to drop even after leaving the water and starting the warming-up process. Research allows safety teams to look for signs that a swimmer is approaching a problem and to end their swims early and safely. Safe practices for sports dives: carry out medical checks in advance, never swim alone, increase gradually, breathe slowly / do not hyperventilate, go out before having problems, dry off – put on warm diapers as quickly as possible, warm up slowly, push starts, opens turns, and NEVER jumps into a hot shower or hot tub afterward.

As for the future, more swimmers, more events, more challenges and maybe the Winter Olympics are targeted. For pool swimmers reading this article who already have the required equipment, see you on the ice.

* Honored by the International Marathon Swimming Hall of Fame (IMSHOF) and Ice Swimming Hall of Fame
** Honored by the International Swimming Hall of Fame and IMSHOF
*** Honored with the Three Temples of Fame
**** Honored with the Ice Swimming Hall of Fame


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