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Coles offers two iceberg lettuces for $6.50 amid soaring grocery store prices


In order to prevent badly affected crops from being “wasted”, the supermarket giant is selling iceberg lettuces with a visible difference.

It’s the grocery store staple that’s skyrocketed to rather absurd prices recently – but now Coles has stepped in to put iceberg lettuce back on our plates.

The leafy green vegetable is currently in short supply after recent floods in Queensland and New South Wales.

The brutal cold snap also seriously affected crops.

As a result, lettuce prices have skyrocketed to as high as $12 a head in some parts of the country from a regular price of around $2.80.

But in a bid to help Australians enjoy the ‘quintessential’ salad ingredient again, Coles has announced it is now selling two ‘smaller’ icebergs for $6.50.

Although these lettuces haven’t fully sprouted due to the unusually cold elements, they are still “delicious and in fantastic condition”, the supermarket giant said.

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The agreement also allows growers in Queensland’s Lockyer Valley to use some of the iceberg lettuce crops that have been affected and will improve availability for customers.

Matt Hood, from Rugby Farm, explained that the lettuce supply was a great way to ensure that the relevant crops “don’t go to waste”.

“We had devastating flooding earlier this year, continued heavy rain, recent cold weather and lower levels of sunshine which meant we struggled to grow our lettuces to a size large enough to that customers expect,” he said.

“We are delighted to work with Coles to produce a product that will always be delicious and fresh. The current iceberg lettuces in the fields are small, but the cores are always crisp and great to eat, which is why we double down to give customers two instead of one.

The deal, currently only available to customers in southeast Queensland, essentially gives shoppers two lettuces for the same price as a full-size iceberg head.

Coles chief executive Craig Taylor said the supermarket was working closely with growers to help them recover as quickly as possible.

“The onset of winter has brought freezing temperatures to Australia,” he said.

“While Coles has an abundance of certain fresh fruits and vegetables like avocados, pears, oranges, kiwi fruit, onions, carrots and potatoes that offer great value, some items are in limited supply.”

Mr. Taylor continued: “A two-pack will provide value to our customers with a price in line with a single full size iceberg lettuce, and it will help our growers get the most out of their harvest while providing our customers with more supply.”

The soft plastic wrappers the lettuces are packed in can be recycled in REDCycle bins located in Coles supermarkets.

Many Australians have been hit by the exorbitant price of icebergs as well as many businesses – with huge brands such as KFC, Subway and Porto being forced to switch to a ‘cabbage and lettuce mix’ on burgers and sandwiches in response to the crisis.

Meanwhile, some pubs are replacing the typical side salad that sits alongside fan-favorite chicken parmigiana, with coleslaw-style coleslaw.

3AW Breakfast radio hosts Ross Stevenson and Russel Howcroft recently posted a photo of a receipt from a Chinese restaurant on their Twitter account, pointing out a “cheeky” $1 surcharge on their dish of san choi bao.

“That’s cheeky… Lettuce is surely a building block of organic san choi, not an optional extra,” reads the caption accompanying the photo.

Some Twitter users seemed taken aback by the supplement, with one follower calling it “ridiculous”.

“Things I didn’t predict I would see in 2022…lettuce supplement,” wrote another.

“It happens on stage, only TV and radio hosts can afford lettuce now,” another wrote.

Facts about the furthest point on Earth


Point Nemo is the furthest place on earth – the furthest place on earth.

It is located in the South Pacific Ocean and stretches around 2,688 kilometers (1,670 miles) from nearest land.

It is called “Point Nemo” because “nemo” means “person” in Latin. It is also the name of Jules Verne’s fictional character, Captain Nemo, who travels the oceans in his submarine, Nautilus, in Verne’s science fiction adventure novels. Twenty thousand leagues under sea (1870) and The mysterious island (1875).

Point Nemo isn’t just in the middle of nowhere, it’s also a spaceship graveyard: the place where NASA and other space agencies crash their de-orbited satellites, space stations, and other decommissioned spacecraft.

1. The ocean pole of inaccessibility

Point Nemo is also called the ocean pole of inaccessibility.

This means that it is the place on the ocean that is farthest from any land. A pole of inaccessibility refers to a place on Earth that is most inaccessible to reach according to established criteria. On land, it often designates the farthest point of the coast.

Poles of inaccessibility include:

  • The North Pole of Inaccessibility is located in the pack ice of the Arctic Ocean. It is located at 85°48′N 176°9′W, approximately 626 miles (1,008 kilometres) from the nearest landmasses of Ellesmere Island (in Canada), Henrietta Island (in the East Siberian Sea) and the Arctic Cape (in Russia). High Arctic).
  • The South Pole of Inaccessibility usually refers to a location at a (former) Soviet Union research station in Antarctica, approximately 878 kilometers from the Earth’s South Pole.
  • The continental poles of inaccessibility: a point northwest of China (Eurasian pole) near the border with Kazakhstan; a point near the town of Obo in the Central African Republic 1,814 km (1,127 miles) from the coast (African pole); a point on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota (the North American Pole) approximately 11 km (7 miles) north of the town of Allen and 1,650 km (1,030 miles) from the furthest coast close ; a point near Arenapolis, Brazil (South American Pole) 1,504 km (935 miles) from the nearest coast; and two points near Papunya in Australia and 920 km (570 miles) from the nearest coast.

2. Exact location of Pointe Nemo

The exact location of Point Nemo is calculated as 48°52.6′S 123°23.6′W or 49.0273°S 123.4345°W. It’s 1,680.7 miles (2,704.8 km) from the nearest islands in the South Pacific Ocean: Ducie Island, an uninhabited atoll that’s part of the Pitcairn Islands, to the north; Motu Nui, the largest of the three islets near Easter Island, to the northeast; and Maher Island, off the coast of the unclaimed Antarctic Territory of Marie Byrd Land, to the south.

All these islands are uninhabited. To find civilization, you must go to Easter Island (Rapa Nui) – one of the most remote inhabited islands in the world, about 2,200 miles (3,540 kilometers) east of Chile – or in New Zealand, about 2,500 miles (4,023 kilometers).

Motu Nui, Motu Iti and the sea stack of Motu Kao Kao. Source: kallerna/Wikimedia Commons

As there is no airport at Point Nemo, this trip can only be done by boat and can take over two weeks.

In the meantime, the closest humans to Point Nemo are often the astronauts aboard the International Space Station (ISS), who, when passing directly over Point Nemo, are approximately 258 miles (415 kilometers) away – much closer than any other human being. on Earth at that time.

3. Who discovered Point Nemo?

The location of Point Nemo was first calculated in 1992 by Croatian-Canadian surveying engineer Hrvoje Lukatela, based on “digital map of the world” data compiled by the US Defense Mapping Agency (this is now the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency). Lukatela used calculation software to give a numerical resolution of about 1 mm.

4. Point Nemo, a lifeless spot

It is clear that there is no human life near Point Nemo. Well, there doesn’t seem to be much sea life either. Point Nemo’s location sits at the center of the South Pacific Gyre, a rotating ocean current that pulls nutrient-rich waters away from the area.

Map of gyres. Source: NOAA

The enormous distance between Point Nemo and land also means that nutrient runoff from coastal waters does not easily reach the area. The sea creatures that would otherwise make their home near Point Nemo simply don’t have the food to thrive there.

The researchers found only bacteria and small crabs living in the volcanic mouths of the seabed around Point Nemo.

However, there is pollution. In 2018, up to 26 microplastic particles per cubic meter were found in seawater samples taken near Point Nemo by passing ships.

5. The House of Cthulhu

Point Nemo’s location is coincidentally close to that of R’yleh, HP Lovecraft’s fictional sunken city, where the Cthulhu entity is buried.

Lovecraft placed the city at 47°9′S 126°43′W in the South Pacific Ocean, very close to Point Nemo.

R'lyeh Locations
Location of R’yleh by HP Lovecraft and August Derleth, co-creator of the Cthulhu mythos, in relation to Point Nemo. Source: Nojhan/Wikimedia Commons

The fictional sunken city was first mentioned in Call of Cthulhu (1928), a short story written 66 years before Point Nemo was calculated.

6. The boom

In 1997, researchers from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) detected ultra-low frequency sound near Point Nemo that they could not explain. They called it “the bloop”.

H P. Lovecraft fans were quick to associate the sound with Cthulhu. Even though there isn’t much biological activity near Point Nemo, some scientists have speculated that it was actually the call of an unidentified sea animal.

In 2005, it was finally discovered that the sound was produced by a non-tectonic ice quake due to glacial movements in Antarctica.

Space agencies have found that an extremely isolated location like Point Nemo is a safe “scuttling” site for satellites and spacecraft that are de-orbited back to Earth at the end of their useful life. By using controlled landings, space agencies can deliberately splash down decommissioned spacecraft in this remote region without affecting people or ship traffic in the process.

Reportedly, space agencies began using Point Nemo as a spacecraft graveyard in the 1970s, even before the area was named “Point Nemo.”

Many small retired spacecraft disintegrate and burn up when they re-enter Earth’s atmosphere, but if they’re too big to burn up on their own, they’re intentionally crashed at Point Nemo – an area that escapes legal jurisdiction of any country. The purpose of deorbiting is to prevent space debris from colliding with operating satellites or manned spacecraft in low Earth orbit. Using Point Nemo also ensures that no person or object will be harmed by the desorbed debris.

space debris illustration
Illustration of space debris. Source: Hope in New Jersey/Flickr

More than 263 spacecraft were sent to Point Nemo between 1971 and 2016, including the Russian space station Mir (1986-2001), six stations from the first Russian space station program Salyut (1971-1986) and the remains of the space station NASA Skylab (1973 -1979).

Other space debris in the Point Nemo spacecraft graveyard includes craft belonging to the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), about 140 Russian supply vehicles and a rocket SpaceX. The International Space Station (ISS) is expected to crash at Point Nemo during its retirement in 2028-2030.

russian space station mir
MIR space station. Source: Free public domain illustrations by rawpixel/Wikimedia Commons

However, as spacecraft break up on impact, their remains can be scattered across up to 995 miles of ocean.

It is also important to note that the disposal of space debris at Point Nemo can also have an environmental impact. Although spaceships are mostly constructed with non-toxic metals like stainless steel, titanium, or aluminum, some rRadioactive substances and hydrazine, a highly toxic rocket propellant, are believed to survive re-entry and may cause marine pollution at Point Nemo through chemical spillage.

The abandoned Soviet mining town in the Norwegian Arctic


Few arrivals convey the bewildering power of pulling towards Pyramiden. To the east, across the icy summer waters of Billefjorden, the Nordenskjöldbreen glacier sinks relentlessly into the sea, a reminder that more than 60% of Svalbard is made up of glaciers. Stark under summer clouds, elemental in its confluence of ice, water and rock, it was a poster of arctic beauty.

Pyramiden itself was littered with coal mine detritus – steel beams and rusting ironwork wobbling at odd angles, collapsed mine buildings in rubble, tall mounds of black tailings – looming like a post-apocalyptic vision . Abandoned mining railways marked the steep hill to the north, while the eerie uniformity of buildings built in the Stalinist style seemed to do its best to undo the beauty that surrounded them. It could have been a film set for a Cold War arctic thriller.

But there, on the pier, was Sergei Rubelev, enthusiastically waving his white peach sweater and beaming smile. Pyramiden may be a neglected outpost of the former Soviet empire, but Rubelev was, more than anything else, a human happy to have company at his solitary vigil, and his welcome was warm.

Apart from winter snowmobile expeditions and the occasional supply plane, Pyramiden is cut off from the outside world for eight or nine months of the year; shortly before my arrival, Rubelev had spent the winter here. From June or July, tourists land in Svalbard’s capital, Longyearbyen (population 2,400), on daily cruise ships and flights, with dozens of excursions and activities on offer, from dog sledding, from kayaking and hiking to boat trips in search of walruses. Among these excursions are small tourist boats carrying 10-15 travelers at a time (and sometimes supplies) to Pyramiden, numbers and time permitting. Sometimes the boats drop off or pick up local scientists or trappers at isolated huts along the way. Even in summer, boats sometimes cannot get through the ice and weeks go by without a boat arriving. No wonder Rubelev was happy to see us.

New hope as some polar bears go from sea ice to glacier ice


Polar bears have adapted to live on glacier ice, not sea ice. (Getty)

A group of polar bears in southeast Greenland have adapted to melting sea ice by chasing freshwater ice that pours into the ocean from glaciers.

The population – which is genetically distinct and adapted to its environment – could offer a glimpse into the future of polar bears in a warming Arcticthink the researchers.

Lead author Professor Kristin Laidre, a polar scientist at the University of Washington’s Applied Physics Laboratory, said: “We wanted to study this area because we didn’t know much about southeastern polar bears. from Greenland, but we did not expect to find a new subpopulation living there.

“We knew there were bears in the area based on historical records and Indigenous knowledge. We just didn’t know how special they were.”

The study is based on seven years of new data collected along the southeast coast of Greenland, plus 30 years of historical data across the entire east coast of the island.

The remote southeast region had been poorly studied due to its unpredictable climate, jagged mountains, and heavy snowfall.

Read more: Melting snow in the Himalayas leads to the growth of green marine mud visible from space

Recently collected genetic, movement and population data show how these bears use glacier ice to survive with limited access to sea ice.

Prof Laidre said: “Polar bears are threatened by loss of sea ice due to climate change. This new population gives us insight into how the species might persist into the future.

“But we have to be careful about extrapolating our findings, because the glacier ice that allows bears in southeast Greenland to survive is not available in most of the Arctic.”

The genetic difference between this group of bears and its closest genetic neighbor is greater than that observed for any of the 19 previously known populations of polar bears.

Co-author Beth Shapiro, a professor and geneticist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, said: “This is the most genetically isolated population of polar bears on the planet.

“We know that this population has lived separately from other polar bear populations for at least several hundred years, and that their population sizes throughout that time have remained small.”

Read more: A 1988 climate change warning was largely right

Part of the reason the population is so isolated, the researchers say, is that the bears are hemmed in on all sides – by the sharp mountain peaks and the massive Greenland ice cap to the west, the open waters of the Denmark Strait to the east, and by the fast East Greenland Coastal Current which poses a hazard offshore.

Satellite tracking of adult females shows that unlike most other polar bears that travel far over sea ice to hunt, bears in southeast Greenland walk on ice inside protected fjords or climb mountains to reach the neighboring fjords above the Greenland ice cap.

Half of the 27 tracked bears accidentally floated an average of 120 miles south on small ice floes caught in the East Greenland Coastal Current, but then jumped off and headed back north on land to their fjord of origin.

Laidre said: “In a sense, these bears provide insight into how Greenland bears might behave under future climate scenarios.

“Sea ice conditions in southeast Greenland today resemble what is predicted for northeast Greenland by the end of this century.”

Read more: Why Economists Fear Reversing Climate Change Is Hopeless

Bears in southeast Greenland only have access to sea ice for four months, between February and late May.

Sea ice provides the platform that most of the approximately 26,000 polar bears in the Arctic use to hunt seals.

For two-thirds of the year, polar bears in southeastern Greenland hunt seals off chunks of freshwater ice that break off the Greenland Ice Sheet.

Laidre warned, however, that longer-term monitoring is needed to know the future viability of bears in southeast Greenland and to understand what is happening to polar bear subpopulations as they grow. cut off from the rest of the Arctic by melting sea ice.

He said: “If you are concerned about the preservation of the species, then yes, our findings are hopeful – I think they show us how some polar bears could persist under climate change.

“But I don’t think glacier habitat will support large numbers of polar bears. There just aren’t enough of them. We still expect to see a significant decline in polar bears in the Arctic due of climate change.”

Watch: Polar bears fight for survival as sea ice disappears

Being poor is expensive; predatory lenders make matters worse


Being poor is expensive. Between overdraft fees, ATM fees and credit card interest, big banks and predatory lenders are taking advantage of low-income Canadians.

Recognizing that the pandemic is far from over and that its effects will remain lasting, advocacy organization the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN Canada) conducted a study detailing how high-cost loans (such as payday loans, installment loans, and title loans) are exploiting low-income Canadians at a time of record inflation and great economic uncertainty in the global scale.

ACORN compiled a survey between November 2021 and January 2022, gaining insight into the harms and consequences of predatory lending from 440 people who have experience taking out high interest loans. One in four people said they were pushed into predatory lenders because of pandemic-related financial hardship.

The 52-page report, a combination of data and testimonials, found that more than two years into the COVID-19 pandemic, “many people are not seeing their financial situation improve.” An overwhelming majority of participants “expressed concern” about pandemic-related benefits like the Canada Recovery Benefit (CRP) ending or being more exclusive.

The report outlines the many ways lenders exploit customer vulnerabilities, ranging from incompletely explaining the cost of borrowing to “offering loans under the guise of improving credit ratings or attaching insurance to ready to extract more silver”. ACORN concludes that banks are failing the same people who need their services the most, noting that the majority of customers who rely on payday loans were initially rejected by banking institutions. Not only are low-income people often denied bank loans, but they are also charged excessive insufficient funds (NSF) fees, averaging $45. This is in addition to late fees and hidden fees from predatory lenders.

The report also documented a worrying trend: while payday loans remain the most common type of high-cost loan, “installment loans continue to see an increase with an almost equal proportion of people reporting having taken an temperament”.

Installment loans seem attractive to borrowers because payments are spread over a longer period, but ACORN’s report suggests these loans also cause long-term financial pain for people trying to make ends meet.

Less than half of respondents, or 40%, said they had used high-interest loans “once or twice”, while one in four had taken out ten or more loans.

“It reveals the exploitative nature of high-cost lenders, because the goal is not to help people but to ensure that the person who took out a loan is trapped in a vicious circle of debt,” says the report. “The reasons people are forced to take out these loans are to meet basic expenses like rent, groceries, car repairs, etc.”

Part of ACORN Canada’s recommendations would see a fair credit benefit created by provincial or federal governments to help those in financial emergency, providing an alternative to predatory payday loans. The organization also wants the interest rate on installment loans to drop from 60% to 30%. This includes all fees, charges and insurance.

In 2017, more than 6 million Canadians were paying off installment loans of up to $15,000 with interest rates as high as 59.9% (the federal cap is 60%).

One of the report’s case studies documented the experience of Donna Borden, who borrowed $10,000 from CitiFinancial in 2003 after being denied a consolidation loan by her bank.

“After 7 years, Donna had paid $25,000 in interest and still owed $10,000,” the report said. “She was misled into getting $2,600 of insurance on a $10,000 loan and then also paid interest on the insurance. The lender also repeatedly changed the terms of Donna’s loan without telling her and charged her a number of refinance fees.

In 2019, ACORN sent a written submission to the House of Commons ahead of this year’s budget. Among their three recommendations are providing a $10-a-month internet plan to low-income Canadians, modernizing the employment insurance system, and making banking safer by ending predatory lending.

That report noted that nearly one in two Canadian workers live paycheck to paycheque, with millions of workers “at an unforeseen expense” far from “spiraling debt”.

Earlier this month, Nova Scotia Utilities and Review Board (UARB) has reduced the maximum cost of borrowing for payday loans in the province from $19 to $17 per $100. This amount will drop further to $15 per $100 on January 1, 2024. The new regulations, which are due to come into effect on September 1, will also see the maximum interest rate charged on outstanding default balances reduced to 30%. That’s still more than five percent higher interest than the average credit card company.

“Despite numerous comment letters claiming that the payday loan industry would be “shut down” in Nova Scotia or that the maximum cost of borrowing would be significantly reduced, the Commission remains aware that the federal and provincial governments have put in place legislation allowing lenders to offer payday loans to the public,” reads the UARB report.

These 6 amazing celebrity chefs will cook for you at home


The idea of ​​having a celebrity private chef in our homes seems like the kind of luxury reserved for the rich and famous, doesn’t it? Bad.

Gathar is the private in-home (or anywhere) chef and catering service that lets you enjoy restaurant-quality food at home while you outsource the hard work of cooking and even cleaning (yes, we we’re not joking) to a team of very good food professionals.

And that’s not even the best part. Gathar is headlined by a list of incredible chefs and cooks, including famous names such as Christina Laker, Wynona Davies, Sabina Newton, Sarah Clare and Huda AlSultan – you won’t just get a literal Chef cooking in your kitchen, but also having the opportunity to choose their brains and absorb some of their cooking wisdom IRL.

If you want a celebrity chef to cook in your home, you can take a look at their menus here:

With over 40 menus to choose from, starting at $88 per person for a shared feast and $95 for your classic meal, you can treat your guests to the best or split the costs with friends with convenient meal split options. the bill for pot-luck-style parties. Once you’ve reserved your favorite menu, you can sit back and relax while your private chef or pasture stylist (AKA a Gathar Culinarian) does the heavy lifting, allowing you to focus on the fun part of entertaining: your friends.

Learn more about turning your next dinner party into a true episode of Masterchef with the Gathar team here.

Planning your wedding? Gathar can also help you.

Design credit: Freda Chang

Editor’s Note: Urban List editors independently curate and write things we love and you’ll love too. Urban List has affiliate partnerships, so we earn revenue from your purchase.

Auburn University alum prepares for adventure with prestigious Antarctic appointment


The pursuit of adventure and the desire to achieve a higher purpose drove Auburn alumnus Marc Tunstall through an illustrious career in the military and government agencies, and now takes him around the world. in the frozen tundra of Antarctica.

The 1990 Auburn University graduate has had a varied and meaningful career since his days on the Plains, spending about two decades as a helicopter pilot in the U.S. Marines and U.S. Coast Guard and more than 10 years to work as an Aviation Compliance Supervisor for the United States. Office of Aeronautical Services (OAS) of the Ministry of the Interior. Tunstall’s next trip will take him to Antarctica, where he will begin serving as McMurdo Station Manager for the Antarctic Infrastructure and Logistics Section of the National Science Foundation’s Office of Polar Programs (NSF). ).

Auburn University alumnus Marc Tunstall has been named director of the McMurdo Station in Antarctica by the National Science Foundation. (contributed)

In this role, Tunstall will oversee the day-to-day operations of the station, managing and supporting more than 1,000 scientists and contractors during the Antarctic summer which runs until February. Duties will include overseeing the sewage treatment plant, fire department, dormitories and station dining facilities, supporting and managing the safety of scientists’ field research expeditions. of the NSF and the function of director of the emergency operations center of the station.

In short, Tunstall will be the station leader, which was built in 1955 on bare volcanic rock and is the largest station on the continent. Named for former Vice Admiral Archibald McMurdo of Britain’s Royal Navy, the encampment is the logistical hub for the US Antarctic program and includes a port, ice and pack ice airstrips, and a helicopter pad. The station’s approximately 85 buildings range in size from a small radio shack to large three-story structures and include repair facilities, dormitories, administration buildings, a power plant, a wharf, stores, clubs, warehouses and the first-class Crary laboratory.

He will also oversee logistical and operational decisions that affect program delivery at the South Pole and inland. Tunstall is training with the U.S. Marshals Service to gain certification ahead of his role as the station’s police chief.

Never shy of a challenge, Tunstall thoroughly enjoyed a visit to McMurdo Station in 2014. He’s excited and ready to embark on this challenging journey later this summer.

“I said if I ever had the opportunity to work there permanently professionally and personally, I would jump at the chance,” said Tunstall, who has been based in Anchorage, Alaska, 15 of last 20 years. “Indeed, last November, one arrived. I am very, very lucky and I feel really privileged.

Marc Tunstall spent 10 years flying helicopters for the US Coast Guard after a decade of similar service in the US Marine Corps. (contributed)

Dedication to service, purpose

Tunstall has dedicated his career to serving others, first as a military officer and helicopter pilot, then for the OAS regional office in Alaska. He has served as a technical contracting agent representative for more than 100 commercial contractors, providing services to federal agencies such as forest firefighting, volcano research, wildlife, surveys, and environmental protection. the environment, according to the NSF.

His varied background, Tunstall says, will prove crucial to his new leadership position at the station, which is one of three year-round U.S. Antarctic science facilities. He finds his motivation in the possibility of overseeing projects that make a difference.

“I’m proud to be able to support a larger mission that is something for the greater good,” said Tunstall, who has accumulated more than 5,000 flight hours. “In the Marine Corps, my main job as a helicopter pilot was to support Marine infantry and get them safely from the ship to a maybe not so nice area and back. In the Guard Coastal, it was a question of rescuing people in need or putting the rescue swimmer who was in the back of the helicopter in a position where he could save a life.

“Next, with the Department of the Interior, I worked to support the aviation needs of the National Science Foundation, the Bureau of Land Management and the National Park Service. When this opportunity presented itself, I said “absolutely” to the chance to support something like the NSF and all that they do. With a background in emergency operations and unique leadership opportunities, I felt like everything had fallen into place and this was too good an opportunity to pass up.

The new position will suit his adventurous and determined nature, says Tunstall.

“I’ve always wanted to see something new and different and something where I serve a purpose and make a difference, but certainly with a flair for adventure and seeing exciting and different things,” Tunstall said. , a certified flight instructor and commercial pilot.

Solid foundations set the scene

Tunstall fondly recalls his time at Auburn, where he earned a bachelor’s degree in flight management. At this time, the aviation program was part of the Samuel Ginn College of Engineering, and Tunstall divided his time between study and commitment to service through Auburn’s ROTC programs.

“I really enjoyed the aviation management program and ROTC,” he said. “I guess one of the biggest takeaways was meeting new, unique, and diverse people. I wanted to go somewhere out of state to experience something new and unique, and I I really found it in a great way in Auburn, I met some great people and I’m still in touch with some of my roommates.

“One of the lasting impacts has been a sense of belonging and community which in a way led me to the [role of] station manager in Antarctica.

A native of Western New York, Tunstall attended Auburn on an ROTC scholarship, joining the Marines option of Naval ROTC as a midshipman. He went on to earn a master’s degree in aeronautical science from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University and is enrolled in a Certificate of Management Excellence program at Harvard Business School.

Tunstall’s father, John, served in the United States Army Tank Corps, and his mother, Sally, always encouraged his pursuit of adventure and service. He remembers an affinity for aviation dating back to his childhood, watching Charlton Heston and Henry Fonda in the movie “Midway” and building model airplanes.

“I wanted to be not only a pilot, but a military pilot, from the age of 7,” he said. “My father and my mother helped foster and support this dream. Looking back on it, I feel very lucky to have been able to have the desire to do something from an early age and actually accomplish it.

A father of two, Tunstall passed the same kind of encouragement on to his daughters.

“I truly believe that I have been blessed and that God has a plan laid out for me,” Tunstall said. “I look back and think how grateful I am. I try to share that with people, especially my daughters, and tell them to go out there and no dream is out of reach. Do something something you enjoy doing, and if you can make a difference along the way, even better.

This story originally appeared on the Auburn University website.

What Frankenstein teaches us about the dangers of playing God


FrankensteinWhere, The Modern Prometheusis an 1818 novel by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley.

Set in the late 18th century, it follows scientist Victor Frankenstein’s creation of life and the terrible events precipitated by his abandonment of his creation.

It’s a gothic novel in that it combines supernatural elements with horror, death, and an exploration of the darker sides of the psyche.

It also provides a complex critique of Christianity. Most importantly, as one of the first works of science fiction, it explores the dangers of humans pursuing new technologies and becoming godlike.

The history of celebrities

Shelley’s Frankenstein is at the heart of what might be the greatest celebrity story of all time.

Shelley was born in 1797. Her mother, Mary Wollstonecraft, author of the monument A demand for women’s rights (1792), was, according to the introduction to this book, “the first great feminist”.

Shelley’s father was William Godwin, a political philosopher and founder of “philosophical anarchism” – he was anti-government when the great democracies of France and the United States were emerging.

At the age of 16, Shelley married the radical poet Percy Shelley, whose Ozymandias (1818) is still regularly quoted (“Look at my works, you mighty ones, and despair!”).

Mary Shelley.

Their relationship seems to epitomize the romantic era itself. She was plagued with outside love interests, illegitimate children, suicides, debts, wanderings and wanderings. And it finally ended prematurely in 1822 when Percy Shelley drowned, his little boat lost in a storm off the coast of Italy.

The Shelleys also had a close association with the poet Lord Byron, and it is this association that brings us to Frankenstein.

In 1816 the Shelleys visited Switzerland, staying on the shores of Lake Geneva, where they were Byron’s neighbors. As Mary Shelley recounts, they had all read ghost stories, including Coleridge’s Christabel (Coleridge had visited his father at the family home when Shelley was young), when Byron suggested that they each write a ghost story. So 18-year-old Shelley started writing Frankenstein.

The myth of the monster

The popular imagination took Frankenstein and ran with him. The “Frankenstein” monster, originally “Frankenstein’s monster”, is an integral part of Western culture along with the characters and tropes of Lewis Carroll. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.

But while a reasonable continuity remains between Carroll’s Alice and her later reimaginings, much has been changed and lost in the translation of Shelley’s novel into the many versions that are entrenched in the popular imagination.

There have been many varied adaptations, from Edward Scissorhands at The Rocky Horror Picture Show (see here for a list of the top 20 Frankenstein movies). But despite the variety, it’s hard not to see the “monster” as a relentless zombie-like threat, as seen in the [trailer to the 1931 movie, or a lumbering fool, as seen in the Herman Munster incarnation.

Further, when we add the prefix “franken” it’s usually with disdain; consider “frankenfoods”, which refers to genetically modified foods, or “frankenhouses”, which describes contemporary architectural monstrosities or bad renovations.

However, in Shelley’s novel, Frankenstein’s creation is far from being two-dimensional or contemptible. To use the motto of the Tyrell corporation, which, in the 1982 movie Blade Runner, creates synthetic life, the creature strikes us as being “more human than human”. Indeed, despite their dissimilarities, the replicant Roy Batty in Blade Runner reproduces Frankenstein’s creature’s intense humanity.

Some key plot points

The story of Victor Frankenstein is intertwined with the story of scientist-explorer Robert Walton. For the two men, the quest for knowledge is mixed with fanatical ambition.

The novel begins near the end of the story, with Walton attempting to sail to the North Pole, rescuing Frankenstein from the ice floe. Frankenstein is driven north by his creation to a final showdown.

The central moment of the novel is when Frankenstein brings his creation to life, only to be immediately repelled:

I had worked hard for nearly two years, with the sole purpose of infusing life into an inanimate body. For that, I had deprived myself of rest and health. I had desired it with an ardor that far exceeded moderation, but now that I had finished, the beauty of the dream faded, and breathless horror and disgust filled my heart.

Victor Frankenstein, like others in the novel, is appalled by the appearance of his creation. He runs away from the creature and it disappears. After a two-year hiatus, the creature begins murdering people close to Frankenstein. And when Frankenstein reneges on his promise to create a female partner for his creature, he murders his closest friend and then, on Frankenstein’s wedding night, his wife.

more human than human

Frontispiece by Theodore Von Holst from the 1831 edition of Frankenstein.

The real interest of the novel lies not in the murders or the chase, but in the creature’s tales of what drove him to murder.

After the creature murders Frankenstein’s little brother, William, Frankenstein seeks solace in the Alps – in sublime nature. There, the creature stumbles upon Frankenstein and tells its story eloquently and poignantly.

We learn that the creature has spent a year secretly living in an outhouse adjoining a hut occupied by the recently impoverished De Lacey family.

As he grew more self-aware, the creature reflected that “to be a great and virtuous man seemed the greatest honor that could befall a sentient being.” But when he finally tried to reveal himself to the family to gain their company, he was brutally kicked out of them. The creature was full of rage. He says, “I could have… gorged on their cries and their misery”. More human than human.

After Victor Frankenstein dies aboard Walton’s ship, Walton has one last encounter with the creature, as it hovers over Frankenstein’s body. To the corpse, the creature says:

“O Frankenstein! Be generous and dedicated! Why am I asking you to forgive me now? I who destroyed you irreparably by destroying everything you loved.

The creature goes on to make several grand and tragic statements to Walton. “My heart was fashioned to be susceptible to love and sympathy; and, torn by misery from vice and hatred, she could not bear the violence of change, without such torture as you cannot even imagine.

And shortly after, of the murder of Frankenstein’s wife, the creature said, “I knew I was preparing mortal torture; but I was the slave, not the master, of an impulse that I hated but could not disobey.

These remarks encourage us to reflect on some of the most important questions we can ask about the human condition:

What drives humans to commit horrible acts? Are human hearts, like those of creatures, fashioned for “love and sympathy,” and when such things are denied or taken away from us, do we attempt to heal the wound by hurting others? And if so, what is the psychological mechanism that causes this to happen?

And what is the relationship between free will and horrible acts? One cannot help thinking that the creature remains innocent – ​​that it is the slave, not the master. But then what about the rest of us?

The rule of law generally blames individuals for their crimes – and perhaps this is necessary for the functioning of a society. Yet I suspect the rule of law is missing something vital. Epictetus, the Stoic philosopher, pondered these questions millennia ago. He asked:

What reasons do we have to be angry with someone? We use labels like “thief” and “thief”…but what do these words mean? They just mean that people are confused as to what is right and what is wrong.

Boris Karloff and Colin Clive in Frankenstein. Photo: Universal Pictures

Unintended consequences

Victor Frankenstein creates life only to abandon it. An unsympathetic interpretation of Christianity might see something similar in God’s relationship with mankind. Yet the novel itself does not easily bear this reading; like much great art, its strength lies in its ambivalence and complexity.

At one point, the creature says to Frankenstein, “Remember that I am your creature; I should be your Adam, but I’m more like the fallen angel, whom you hunt with harmless joy. These and other remarks complicate any simplistic interpretation.

In fact, the ambivalence of the novel’s religious criticism supports its primary concern: the problem of technology enabling humans to become divine. The subtitle of Frankenstein is The Modern Prometheus. In Greek myth, Prometheus steals fire – a technology – from the gods and gives it to mankind, for which he is punished.

In this myth and many other stories, technology and knowledge are double-edged. Adam and Eve eat the apple of knowledge in the Garden of Eden and are expelled from paradise. In 2001: A Space Odysseyhumanity is born when the first tool is used – a tool that increases humanity’s capacity to be violent.

The novel’s subtitle refers to Kant’s 1755 essay, The Modern Prometheus. In this, Kant observes that:

There is good taste in the natural sciences, which know how to distinguish the wild extravagances of unbridled curiosity from the cautious judgments of reasonable credibility. From the recent Prometheus Mr Franklin, who wanted to disarm the thunder, to the man who wants to put out the fire in the workshop of Vulcanus, all these attempts result in the humiliating reminder that Man can never be other thing a man. .

Victor Frankenstein, who suffered from unbridled curiosity, said something similar:

A human being in perfection must always maintain a calm and peaceful mind… If the study to which you apply yourself tends to weaken your affections, and to destroy your taste for those simple pleasures which no alloy can meddle with, then that The study is certainly illegal, that is, it is not suitable for the human mind.

And also: “Learn from me…how dangerous is the acquisition of knowledge and how much happier is the man who believes that his native city is the world, than he who aspires to become greater than his nature permits.”

Bottom line: Be careful what knowledge you pursue and how you pursue it. Beware of playing God.

Alas, history reveals the quixotic nature of Shelley’s and Kant’s warnings. There always seems to be a scientist somewhere whose dubious ambitions are given free rein. And beyond that, there is always the problem of the unintended consequences of our discoveries.

Since the days of Shelley, we have created many things that we either fear or hate, such as the atomic bomb, cigarettes and other drugs, chemicals like DDT, etc. And as our powers in the realms of genetics and artificial intelligence grow, we can still create something that hates us.

All of this reminds me of sociobiologist Edward O. Wilson’s relatively recent (2009) remark that “the real problem for humanity is this: we have paleolithic emotions, medieval institutions, and divine technology.”

Jamie Q Roberts, Lecturer in Politics and International Relations, University of Sydney

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license.

Artificial material developed to reduce glacial ice melt in mountain areas: new study


According to a new study, a man-made material called “nanofiber material” is slowing the melting of glaciers.

This unprecedented discovery has opened up a potential opportunity to address the continued threat of human-induced climate change to melting glaciers and its predicted consequences.

Glaciers are among the largest natural structures in the world and contain a large amount of frozen water.

For years, scientists have expressed concern about the potential catastrophic environmental consequences if all glaciers melt, or at least some of the most massive ones.

The ongoing climate crisis has allowed global warming to warm icy regions and continents around the world, including the Arctic, Greenland and Antarctica, where most glaciers are located.

Threatened by oceanic and atmospheric warming, these massive ice structures are expected to lose most of them by the end of the century.

Previous research suggests that the melting of glaciers, along with ice caps and ice shelves, has led to a significant rise in global sea levels.

Potential large-scale flooding are just some of the environmental and climate impacts of the crisis unless significant action is taken.

artificial material

(Photo: Photo by JONATHAN NACKSTRAND/AFP via Getty Images)

In a new article published in the journal remote sensing on June 10, the artificial reduction of glacier melt was explored and recognized as an emerging phenomenon in the field of earth sciences to deal with the grueling reality of retreating glaciers and accelerating ice melt .

The study was conducted by researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources.

The research team used the power of nanofibers against geotextiles.

Researchers found that areas covered with man-made materials reduced glacier melt by about 29% to 56%.

Additionally, the team found that the nanofiber material had a 56% higher efficiency rate than geotextiles during the experiment.

Read also : Massive melting of glaciers pours into the Gulf of Alaska

High mountain areas

The main conclusion of the article relates to the effectiveness of the material in a specific site or environment.

In the study, scientists found that the effectiveness of nanofibers and geotextiles is at most beneficial in high mountain areas.

The discovery was made possible when the study authors used the Urumqi No. 1 Glacier in Tien Shan, China, as the site.

The experiment was conducted between June 24 and August 28, 2021.

The experiment was observed using a variety of tools, including the combination of two high-resolution models from laser scanning and unmanned aerial vehicles.

Global warming

Global warming has raised sea levels by about one or two millimeters each year as the Earth continues to warm, according to the Science Education Center of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.

The research center pointed out that the rise in water levels is due to the melting of glaciers and ice caps, which supplements the additional water supply of the world’s oceans.

For decades, some glaciologists and other scientists have expressed a sense of concern over the existing climate threat, forcing them to explore or develop ways to mitigate the impact of global warming.

While the United Nations, led Paris Agreement was made to reduce global temperatures by 1.5 degrees Celsius, alternative solutions are also being considered, in addition to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Related article: Landslides can influence glacier melt and glacier movement: new study

© 2022 NatureWorldNews.com All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

Climate May Still Be a Bigger Obstacle to Northern Sea Route Than Western Sanctions – OpEd – Eurasia Review


Global warming has given Moscow confidence that it will be able to radically expand shipping on the Northern Sea Route and has led Russian officials to believe that Western sanctions against their country are a far greater obstacle to the road development as climatic conditions, Aleksandr Yulin said.

But they are wrong, says the head of projections at the Moscow Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, both because there has been a “pause” in warming along the route and because warming air leads to more blown icebergs. in shipping lanes (profile.ru/economy/ne-zastryat-vo-ldah-obojdut-li-sankcii-po-severnomu-morskomu-puti-1091720/).

The climate is getting warmer, says Yulin. But the rate of change in the North is slowing. Indeed, we must now speak of a “climate pause”, since the rates of change are much lower today than they were a decade or more ago. And at the same time the warming has meant that the winds have gotten stronger and these are pushing more icebergs into the shipping lanes.

This can lead to a disaster with ships stranded far from ports where they can take refuge or be repaired and means that Moscow must build many more icebreakers than it currently does if it is to ensure safe passage and any increase significant traffic. the Northern Sea Route can transport.

The Recorder – Earth Matters: Walruses on thin ice: a challenge for them and an opportunity to help


What weighs 1.5 tons, is 12 feet long, has enlarged canines that can reach over 36 inches, and is featured in a Beatles song? If you guessed morse, you’re right.

Here in Massachusetts, we tend not to think too much about walruses, but you have the option of virtually traveling the arctic in search of walruses. Here is some context.

I became interested in Bering Sea walruses aboard the US Coast Guard icebreaker Healy and during my visit to the Siberian Yupik community of Gambell on St. Lawrence Island, just south of the Bering Strait . The Arctic is warming at an alarming rate, three times faster than the rest of the planet. Last March, the temperature at the North Pole was 50 F above average.

The loss of sea ice has been equally dramatic, declining by 13% per decade since 1979. The oldest sea ice, that which persists from year to year, is rapidly disappearing. On the Healy voyage, scientists raced to understand the effects of warming on the Arctic marine ecosystem. Meanwhile, in the face of diminishing ice, the Gambell community struggles to preserve their cultural identity.

Walruses, a marine mammal, are divided into two subspecies, Atlantic and Pacific. They look clumsy and unsightly unlike the orcas, bowhead whales, ice seals and polar bears that share their environment. But appearances are deceiving: walruses are wonderfully adapted to the frozen environment of the Arctic.

Their streamlined body and appendages allow them to swim up to 22 mph; their shape also helps retain body heat. Under the skin, a large male may have 6 inches of fat, a tissue with a high density of blood vessels. Moving blood to or from the outer layer of fat regulates body temperature the same way our bodies move blood to or from our extremities.

A walrus’ color can change from brown to pink or white, depending on how much blood is sent to the blubber. Walruses can stay submerged for 30 minutes and dive to depths of 800 feet, although they concentrate their time in the shallower waters of continental shelf feeding grounds.

Walruses use their tusks to pull themselves up onto the pack ice, keep breathing holes open, and for territorial defense and against predators. They search for clams on the seafloor, their main food, by skimming the seabed with their enlarged, tactile, whiskered lips while squirting water through their nostrils to stir up the bottom. They can consume over 100 pounds of food per day, which can also include crab, snails, and worms.

Walruses are herd animals that spend time on shore in groups ranging from a few to thousands. Sea ice is a critical habitat that they use individually or in small groups. They give birth and care for their young on the ice and use it as a platform for feeding and resting offshore. Moving over, around and under the ice helps them escape predators like killer whales and polar bears.

The absence of ice causes walruses to congregate in unusually large terrestrial herds – terrestrial haulouts are reported in the tens of thousands. Females and young that would normally be off on the ice crowd together into large herds where they are more susceptible to disease and trampling from jostling.

Crowding on land leads to overcrowding on feeding grounds and depletion of prey. As a result, they expend more energy traveling further to find food.

While visiting Gambell, a village of 680, I was invited to the home of Willis Walinga. Willis was Gambell’s second oldest person, an elder and whaling captain, who explained that subsistence walrus hunting is a cornerstone of community life and identity. How to hunt walrus and survive ice boating is passed down from generation to generation.

When a hunt is successful, the meat is divided into “shares”, providing food for the boat’s crew, their families, loved ones and community members in need. Walruses follow the ice, so when there is less ice, there are fewer walruses. When there are fewer walruses, boats have to move away from shore to find them. In an 18-foot boat, it’s more dangerous and expensive. Ice cream, food, culture and identity are part of a whole; we worry and worry about what the future holds.

Across the Arctic, scientists and Indigenous communities are grappling with the loss of sea ice and its impact on walruses. What can we, who live so far away, do to help? The British Antarctic Survey and the World Wildlife Fund offer an interesting opportunity to get involved. Focusing on the Atlantic walrus, they are recruiting volunteers to join their “Walrus from Space” project to answer two fundamental questions: Where are the walruses and how many are there?

Using your personal computer, they provide easy-to-follow training, then send sets of satellite images to review and report the results. Thousands of miles away, this research project creates a simple and fun opportunity to virtually experience the Arctic while making a meaningful contribution to walrus conservation. Find out more at wwf.org.uk/learn/walrus-from-space.

Tom Litwin is a conservation biologist and former director of the Clark Science Center at Smith College. He is retired from the Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine and Farmington, Connecticut, where he served as vice president for education, and continues as a visiting scientist. For more on Arctic sea ice, see pbs.org/wgbh/nova//extremeice/thinice.html.

Earth Matters is a project of the Hitchcock Center for the Environment.

Nepal to move Everest base camp as glaciers melt


Nepal is preparing to move its Everest base camp because global warming and human activity are making it dangerous.

The camp produces up to 4,000 liters of urine per day.
Photo: 123rf

The camp, used by up to 1,500 people during the spring climbing season, is located on the rapidly thinning Khumbu Glacier.

A new site is at a lower altitude, where there is no ice all year round, an official told the BBC.

Researchers say meltwater is destabilizing the glacier, and climbers say more and more crevasses are appearing at base camp as they sleep.

“We are now preparing for the relocation and we will soon start consultations with all stakeholders,” Taranath Adhikari, director general of Nepal’s tourism department, told the BBC.

“It’s basically about adapting to the changes we’re seeing at base camp and it’s become essential for the sustainability of the mountaineering activity itself.”

The camp is currently at an altitude of 5364m. The new one will be 200 to 400m lower, Adhikari said.

The plans follow the recommendations of a committee formed by the Nepalese government to facilitate and monitor mountaineering in the Everest region.

Bright yellow tents in Mount Everest base camp, Khumbu glacier and mountains, sagarmatha national park, Everest base camp trek - Nepal Himalayas

Mountaineers and Nepalese authorities say a stream in the middle of base camp is getting bigger every year.
Photo: 123rf

The Khumbu Glacier, like many other glaciers in the Himalayas, is rapidly melting and thinning as a result of global warming, scientists have found.

A study by researchers at the University of Leeds in 2018 showed the glacier was losing 9.5 million cubic meters of water per year and the segment near base camp was thinning at a rate of 1m per year. year.

“We found that the rate of ice thinning in the base camp area was higher than in other parts of the glacier because it has a thin layer of rocks and boulder debris,” Scott Watson said. , one of the researchers, at the BBC.

Most of the glacier is covered in this rocky debris, but there are also exposed areas of ice called ice cliffs, and it is the melting of ice cliffs that most destabilizes the glacier, Watson said.

“When the ice cliffs melt like this, the debris of rocks and boulders that sit on top of the ice cliffs move and fall, and then the melting also creates masses of water.

“So we are seeing an increase in rockfall and meltwater movement on the surface of glaciers which can be dangerous.”

Mountaineers and Nepalese authorities say a stream in the middle of base camp is getting bigger every year.

They also say that crevices and cracks in the surface of the glacier are appearing more frequently than before.

“We surprisingly see crevices appearing at night in places where we sleep,” said Col. Kishor Adhikari of the Nepal Army, who was staying at the base camp while leading a clean-up campaign during the spring climbing season, which lasts from March to the end of May.

“In the morning, many of us have this scary experience that we could have fallen into at night. Ground cracks develop so often that it’s quite risky.”

Tshering Tenzing Sherpa, Everest Base Camp Manager with the Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee (SPCC), echoed this message.

Loud noises could also be heard frequently, he said, caused by moving ice or falling rocks. He added that before setting up a tent at base camp, it was necessary to smooth out the rocky surface covering the ice, and to repeat this from time to time as the glacier moved.

“In the past, the flattened space only bulged after two to three weeks. But now it happens almost every week,” he said.

A leading member of the committee that recommended the base camp relocation, Khimlal Gautam, said the presence of so many people at the base camp contributed to the problem.

“For example, we found that people urinate around 4,000 liters at base camp every day,” he said.

“And the massive amount of fuels like kerosene and gas that we burn there to cook and keep warm will certainly have impacts on the glacier ice.”

Adrian Ballinger, founder of mountain guide company Alpenglow Expeditions, agreed the move made sense, predicting there will be more avalanches, icefall and rockfall in the area of ​​the current base camp in the future.

“This should be unacceptable to expedition leaders because it can be avoided,” he said.

The main drawback was that a camp further down the mountain would add to the length of the climb from base camp to camp one, the next staging post for those climbing the mountain.

Most climbers still climb Everest from the Nepalese side, but the number of those starting from China is increasing.

SPCC’s Sherpa said that despite the problems, the current base camp site was still essentially stable and could continue to serve its purpose for another three to four years.

But Nepali officials say the move could take place by 2024.

“We have assessed the technical and environmental aspects of the base camp, but before moving it, we will have to discuss it with the local communities, taking into account other aspects like their culture,” Adhikari said.

“We will only do this after discussing with all quarters.”


Michigan initiatives miss deadline, will turn to legislature


LANSING, Mich. (AP) — The organizers behind two high-profile Michigan bills skipped a deadline to potentially appear on the November ballot and will instead seek approval of the initiatives through the controlled Legislative Assembly by Republicans.

Of the 10 voting committees trying to change state law, Michiganders for Fair Lending’s proposal to cap payday loan rates was the only group to submit signatures by June 1. The petition signatures will be reviewed by the Elections Office before the Board of Canvassers, a four-member committee, decides whether or not to certify them. If certified, the bill would first be sent to the Legislative Assembly before it can appear on the November ballot.

Let MI Kids Learn, an initiative backed by former US education secretary Betsy DeVos, did not file on time, despite organizers saying the petition has exceeded the required number of signatures. The initiative would provide tax breaks for donations to a private education fund that parents and students could use to pay for private school tuition and other education expenses.

Fred Wszolek, spokesman for Let MI Kids Learn, said the group chose not to file because the number of signatures required “assumes all are valid but they are never all valid”. Instead, Wszolek said the band would continue to collect signatures in an effort to build a cushion before submitting.

Democratic State Sen. Dayna Polehanki said she believed the group had the necessary signatures but never intended to take the issue to voters.

“The school voucher systems have failed the ballot twice. So instead, the legislature will just pass it during the 40-day window,” Polehanki said in an interview with AP. “They know it’s not the will of the people.”

Under Michigan law, citizen-led legislative petitions that receive enough signatures are sent directly to the legislature. He then has 40 days from receipt of the request to adopt, reject or ignore the proposal.

If not passed, the initiative is presented to voters as a ballot proposal at the next general election. If the legislature votes to enact the proposal, it becomes law and the governor has no veto power.

“The people of Michigan with their signatures can replace the governor (act). It’s in the constitution. It’s not a loophole in state law, it’s written in bold in the constitution,” Wszolek said in response to criticism.

The group Secure MI Vote, which aims to impose tougher voter ID requirements and restrict absentee voting, also opted not to file by June 1 after spokesman Jamie Roe said the group discovered more than 20,000 fraudulent signatures on their petitions. Roe said the petition received 435,000 signatures in total, 95,000 more than needed.

“We want to make sure we have enough. And we think the initiative will go through the Legislative Assembly and not even go to the ballot box, so the June deadline was artificial for us,” Roe said.

Voting restrictions similar to those proposed by Secure MI Vote were passed last year before Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer vetoed them.

Wszolek and Roe each said their groups hoped to file signatures with the secretary of state’s office as soon as possible and that the proposed laws would be presented to the Legislative Assembly before the end of the year.


Joey Cappelletti is a member of the Associated Press/Report for America Statehouse News Initiative. Report for America is a nonprofit national service program that places reporters in local newsrooms to report on underreported issues.

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

The former Crystal Ship will operate under the luxury brand of Royal Caribbean


Silverseas, the ultra-luxury cruise line bought by Royal Caribbean between 2018 and 2020, has acquired former expedition ship Crystal Cruises crystal effort.

The company has already filed patents with the United States Patent and Trademark Office to market and rebrand the vessel.

Silverseas has grown significantly in recent years, bolstered by financial backing from parent company Royal Caribbean. One area where Silverseas has been particularly active is the expedition market. The addition of crystal effort will have a significant impact on the luxury cruise line.

crystal effort Become Money effort

crystal effort, more of a megayacht than a traditional expedition vessel, will continue her career with Silverseas. Crystal Cruises split from parent company Genting Hong Kong earlier this year.

Although no buyers have been announced for the two Crystal luxury cruise ships, it is no surprise that crystal effort received considerable industry attention.

Photo credit: StudioPortoSabbia / Shutterstock

The expedition industry has been one of the fastest growing parts of the cruise industry in the world. With over 20 ships launched in 2020, 2021 and this year, thousands of guests are heading to the polar regions and other little-explored areas of our planet.

Silverseas has been particularly active in the expedition market. The company operates four vessels, Silver Wind, Silver Cloud, Silver Explorer, and Origin of money. This already makes the Royal Caribbean-owned company one of the biggest operators. The addition of Money effort will only solidify that.

Money effort has been registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office earlier this week after the company acquired the vessel amid stiff competition.

The world’s largest ice-class expedition yacht

Genting Hong Kong’s expansion knew no bounds for several years, culminating in the release of Crystal Endeavour. The luxury expedition yacht has set the standard for luxury cruising in inaccessible areas.

The ship has a fleet of 18 zodiac boats which can be used to explore even further the remote areas the ship visits.

There is also a U-Boat Worx Cruise Submarine 7-300 which can accommodate up to six people plus a pilot, 14 kayaks and an ROV which can be used to explore what is below the ship.

Visiting places such as Antarctica and the North Pole regions, guests can feast on lobsters and steaks, sip champagne on the open decks, or visit the onboard luxury spa.

However, the fun only lasted a short year. Released in June 2021, the ship completed its first season in and around Iceland.

After a repositioning that included a visit to the Caribbean, the ship sailed winter 2021-2022 to Antarctica from Ushuaia, also known as the southernmost city in the world.

crystal effort made its last trip to Antarctica in February this year, just weeks after news broke that parent company Genting was in serious financial trouble. The ship sailed to Uruguay and then to Gibraltar, where it remains today.

At this time, it is unclear how much Silverseas paid for the vessel. The total cost of the largest ice-class PC-6 megayacht in the world was over $195 million.

crystal effort

The UW, Seattle Public Library, Seattle Public Utilities collaboration uses VR glasses to visualize sea level rise in Seattle


Environment | Population health | Science | Social Sciences | UW and the community | UW News Blog

June 14, 2022

The VR experience begins by explaining how gases like carbon dioxide create an invisible blanket around the Earth, trapping solar radiation. The user can hold a magnifying glass that makes Earth’s atmosphere appear blue. Later in the experience, the narrator explains how Antarctic glaciers, right, contribute to rising seas.University of Washington/Seattle Public Library

New project uses virtual reality to help communicate what climate models predict: greenhouse gas emissions are raising Earth’s temperature, melting glaciers, which could create several feet of sea level rise the sea on a global scale by the end of this century.

The Our future Duwamish The project, available to community groups through the Seattle Public Library, uses Oculus Quest 2 glasses to help viewers imagine rising seas from a vantage point along Seattle’s South Waterway.

“Creative and interactive communication tools like virtual reality experiences offer a powerful way to spark conversations and action around climate change by helping to show how a problem on a global scale is manifesting in very real ways in our own communities,” said the project manager. Heidi Roopwho started the effort at the UW Climate Impacts Group and is now at the University of Minnesota.

Headphones and accompaniment brochure are available this spring at the checkout of community groups, such as Boys and Girls Clubs, youth groups or 4-H Clubs, who agree to assume responsibility for the equipment. The Seattle Public Library is exploring other ways to make experiences accessible to the public.

The VR experience builds on a Seattle Public Library project that used photos, maps and historical artifacts to show the history of the Duwamish River – from when the Duwamish Tribe used the waterway for transportation, to industrial pollution from the 1900s to today. cleaning effort. It extends the timeline to a future in which the seafront is clean but rising sea levels lead to more flooding of coastal areas and lowlands.

riverside with trees and open landscape with bridge

The Duwamish River in the 1700s, left, and a simplified version of the current site, right, with the South Park Bridge in the background.University of Washington/Seattle Public Library

Through the headset, the user sees the banks of the Duwamish River, first with tall evergreens, then with small buildings in the foreground and the current South Park Bridge in the distance. A voiceover explains how emissions are causing sea levels to rise, and an aerial view shows what it might look like on city streets. Users can pick blueberries, clean up trash along the shoreline, and finally adjust the sea level elevation along the shoreline from 1 to 5 feet.

“We developed this experience so that Seattle communities could virtually walk through a future Seattle and see how climate change is shaping our landscape, including drastic sea level rise,” said Juan Rubio, Digital Media and Learning Program Manager at SPL. “We hope that creating an immersive experience will make the concept more tangible and inspire communities to think about how to adapt and build resilience to climate change.”

laser tool by the river and aerial view of the city

While standing on a reconstructed shoreline of the Duwamish River, left, the user can choose to raise the sea level by 1 to 5 feet. Text in yellow indicates the probability that the water level along the Duwamish will reach this level on different dates. On the right, an aerial view of a city as the water level rises.University of Washington/Seattle Public Library

The VR experience ends with recommendations for reducing fossil fuel emissions, such as choosing to ride a bike instead of driving a car that burns fossil fuels and engaging in local climate action efforts, with contacts listed in the booklet.

“Although I had experience developing video games, I had never done anything for virtual reality. I associated virtual reality mainly with entertainment uses before working on this project” , said the lead developer. Strong Terrell, a UW undergraduate computer science student. “I hope the experience will make people more aware of the history of the environments in which they exist and more aware of their influence in the future.”

In addition to the VR experience, the team worked with Tableau to create a interactive data visualization, available on the Climate Impacts Group website, which displays sea level rise projections based on location along the Washington coast, climate scenario, and magnitude of geologic rebound after the last ice age. Both products are based on sea level rise projections published in 2018 for Washington State.

“These projections and visualizations of sea level rise are hyperlocal – they are specific to the Washington Coast, Elliott Bay, and the Duwamish River Valley,” said Ann Grodnik Naglehead of climate adaptation policy at Seattle Public Utilities.

“The VR experience provides an on-the-ground experience of sea level rise in South Park,” she said. “It’s more than gradations on a map, it’s really about getting a sense of what a 5-foot rise in sea level would look like.”

The VR experience was supported by a innovation grant from UW EarthLab, Seattle Public Utilities, the National Science Foundation, the University of Minnesota and the Seattle Academy of Interactive Entertainment. Additional programming was done by the Seattle developer Robert Roodwith the support of artists Nora Hailey and Cody Stamm. The experience is narrated by sound engineer KEXP Julien Martlew.

For more information, contact Roop at [email protected], Strong at [email protected], and Grodnik-Nagle at [email protected] At SPL, contact Communications Manager Elisa Murray at [email protected] Community groups can request a kit here.

Tag(s): climate change • Climate Impacts Group • College of the Environment • EarthLab • Reality Lab

First Navy Weather Technician sails with HMCS Ottawa


Master Corporal Joe Cornolius, HMCS Ottawa Weather Technician, and Petty Officer 2nd Class Robert Allard, Weather Office Supervisor, measure the wind speed on HMCS Ottawa using an anemometer. Photo: Peter Mallett, Lookout newspaper.

AThe new weather forecasting season begins this week for meteorological technicians serving in the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN).

Petty Officer 2nd Class (PO2) Robert Allard will become the first Navy Met Tech (Met Tech) to sail on active duty on HMCS Ottawa.

“Having someone on board in a navy uniform doing forecasts is something new,” says PO2 Allard.

The Met Tech trade has existed within the Royal Canadian Air Force for decades, but in 2011 the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) opened up the trade to all elements. Last year, the RCN began seeking candidates for senior positions on the frigates. So far only PO2 Allard and Petty Officer First Class Amanda Pound have joined, with PO2 Allard being the first to set sail. PO2 Allard says his posting marks the start of a closer relationship between the RCN and the Met Tech trade.

Met Techs observe and forecast weather conditions in support of operations at various facilities in all three elements. They record, process and analyze weather information, operate and maintain equipment and notify staff of weather conditions.

PO2 Allard works as a supervisor within the meteorology and oceanography department of Maritime Force Pacific. Aboard ships, he notes, commerce is playfully referred to as “the witches of time.” The Met Techs have other responsibilities including maintenance work, full stocking of the ship’s stores and ammunition, and handling mail.

The Met Tech cohort sailing ships will increase over time. Uniformed Met Techs must attain the necessary rank to hold senior positions. Vocational training lasts six months, with an additional six months of advanced training required to qualify for a ship’s assignment.

An eye to the sky

In open waters, weather technicians monitor wave heights, iceberg and sea ice conditions four times a day and make observations whenever the aircraft is in concert with the ship.

“The work is more difficult at sea because some of the more advanced computer tools we use on land are not available at sea,” explains PO2 Allard.

Met Tech reports are essential to a ship’s command team, says Lieutenant (Navy) Meghan Jacques, HMCS from Ottawa Navigation officer.

“We can’t google the weather in the middle of the Pacific,” she says. “We need to know if we will have high seas or winds to determine if the crew can do their job.”

Robert’s story

The evolution from PO2 Allard to the Met Tech trade was not intentional, but rather circumstantial. He served as a naval warfare officer until one of his mentors suggested he consider meteorology. He says he was fascinated after realizing he could make a living studying the science of weather.

“I thought everyone likes to talk about the weather, but the CAF will pay me to become an expert in understanding how the weather affects CAF missions,” he says. “I just had to be part of it.”

HMCS Ottawa will sail the waters of Esquimalt from June 13-27 as part of the Tiered Readiness Program. The M2 Allard says this may be her last sailing for the foreseeable future. In July, he will be posted to the Canadian Forces School of Meteorology at 17 Wing as a Senior Meteorological Instructor. He will be the first Navy instructor at the school.

The global payday loans market is expected to grow by USD 8.4 billion during the period 2022-2026, accelerating at a CAGR of 4.34% during the forecast period



Global Payday Loans Market 2022-2026 Analyst has been watching the payday loans market and it is poised to grow by USD 8.4 billion during the period 2022-2026, accelerating at a CAGR of 4 , 34% over the forecast period.

New York, June 13, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Reportlinker.com announces the publication of the report “Global Payday Loans Market 2022-2026” – https://www.reportlinker.com/p06285009/?utm_source=GNW
Our Payday Loans Market report provides comprehensive analysis, market size and forecast, trends, growth drivers, and challenges, and vendor analysis covering around 25 vendors.
The report offers an up-to-date analysis of the current global market scenario, latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment. The market is driven by a growing awareness of payday lending among young people, an increase in the adoption of advanced technologies by payday lenders and the basic eligibility criteria are lower than other services and financial institutions.
The payday loans market analysis includes type segment and geographical landscape.

The payday loan market is segmented as follows:
By type
Payday loans in storefront
• Online payday loans

By geographical landscape
• North America
• Europe
• South America
• The Middle East and Africa
• WE
• China
• UKI Japan
• Germany

This study identifies the growing number of payday lenders as one of the main reasons for the growth of the payday loan market over the next few years. Moreover, the growing adoption of online payment methods and increased spending on luxury goods among the adult population will drive a large demand in the market.

The analyst presents a detailed picture of the market through study, synthesis and summation of data from multiple sources by analysis of key parameters. Our payday loans market report covers the following areas:
• Sizing of the payday loan market
• Payday loan market forecasts
• Industry analysis of the payday loan market

This robust vendor analysis is designed to help clients improve their position in the market, and in line with that, this report provides detailed analysis of several leading vendors in the Payday Loans market including AARC LLC, Axis Bank Ltd., Citigroup Inc., Creditstar Group AS, CS SALES LLC, DJS UK Ltd., Enova International Inc., FloatMe Corp., GAIN Credit Inc., GC DataTech Ltd., Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd., KrazyBee Services Pvt. Ltd., Maxed Up Media Ltd., Payday America Inc., Payday Loans Ltd., PDL Finance Ltd., Speedy Cash, Upward Finance Ltd., Western Circle Ltd. and Whizdm Innovations Pvt. ltd. In addition, the Payday Loans Market analysis report includes insights into upcoming trends and challenges that will influence the growth of the market. It’s about helping businesses strategize and take advantage of all the growth opportunities ahead.
The study was conducted using an objective combination of primary and secondary information, including contributions from key industry participants. The report contains a comprehensive market and vendor landscape in addition to an analysis of major vendors.

The analyst presents a detailed picture of the market through study, synthesis and summation of data from multiple sources through analysis of key parameters such as profit, price, competition and specials. It presents various facets of the market by identifying the major industry influencers. The data presented is comprehensive, reliable and the result of extensive research – both primary and secondary. Technavio’s market research reports provide a comprehensive competitive landscape and in-depth vendor selection methodology and analysis using qualitative and quantitative research to forecast accurate market growth.
Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p06285009/?utm_source=GNW

About Reportlinker
ReportLinker is an award-winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need – instantly, in one place.


CONTACT: Clare: [email protected] US: (339)-368-6001 Intl: +1 339-368-6001

An imbalance of the meltwaters of the 3rd Earth pole


Earth’s 3rd Pole, aka the Asian Water Tower, is the region that encompasses the Hindu Kush Himalayan mountain range and the Tibetan Plateau. This area is the third largest reservoir of snow and ice in the world after the Arctic and Antarctica. It provides water for 25% of the Earth’s population. The region has warmed at rates well above northern hemisphere warming rates and the global average. Annual and seasonal temperatures have increased more in higher elevation areas across the third pole. Glaciers are retreating, permafrost is degrading, and snow cover days are decreasing at the third pole. Map via Weforum.org. Legend via TPE.

The 3rd pole of the Earth is melting

The Hindu Kush Himalayan mountain range and the Tibetan plateau are sometimes referred to as the 3rd pole of the Earth. The region includes the largest reservoir of frozen water after the North and South Poles of the Earth. This so called Asian water tower supplies much of Asia – 25% of the Earth’s population, or about 2 billion people – with fresh water.

Scientists have known for some time that Earth’s 3rd pole is melting and flooding will become a problem, likely between 2030 (or before) and 2050, when annual runoff from glaciers peaks. Then water shortages will begin. This month (June 7, 2022) – while acknowledging that the region’s future “remains highly uncertain” – scientists published a new study suggesting that an imbalance in the way meltwater flows will cause those in the north of the region to have a greater supply of water, in the short term, while those in the south will face more immediate and greater shortages.

The scientists are associated with TPE (Third Pôle Environnement). TPE has set up an observation network which includes 51 sites for monitoring the evolution of glacier thickness, 35 on the mass balance of glaciers, 16 on the evolution of permafrost, 6 on the evolution of snow cover as well as 16 hydrological and meteorological data collection. Initiated in 2009 by three scientists, TPE is part of UNESCO and is called:

…an international program for the interdisciplinary study of the relationships between water, ice, air, ecology and humanity in the Third Pole region and beyond.

The scientists published the new study in the peer-reviewed journal Nature reviews Earth and environment June 7, 2022.

A section of the Earth with a large bright round white spot over a mountainous area: the Earth's 3rd pole.
3rd pole of the Earth. Graphics via TPE.

The 3rd pole of glacier runoff is not balanced

As the newspaper explains:

From 1980 to 2018, the Asian water tower warming was 0.42°C [about .8 degrees F] per decade, twice the global average rate.

They told their study:

… synthesize[d] observational evidence and model projections that describe an imbalance in the Asian water tower caused by the accelerated transformation of ice and snow into liquid water. This phase change is associated with a south-north disparity due to the spatio-temporal interaction between the westerly winds and the Indian monsoon.

In other words, although global warming itself caused the general melting, the westerlies (prevailing winds) and the Indian monsoon created an imbalance. The researchers said that as the transformation of ice and snow into liquid water accelerates, the amount of liquid water in the north will (temporarily) increase while the supply in the south will decrease. This imbalance will alleviate water scarcity in areas such as the Yellow and Yangtze river basins in the short term. On the other hand, they said, it will increase scarcity in the Indus and Amu Darya basins.

Yao Tandong, lead author and co-chair of Third Pole Environment, said:

Such an imbalance is expected to pose a great challenge to the balance between supply and demand of water resources in downstream regions.

The future of the Asian water tower

These scientists therefore believe that it is possible that populations north of the Tibetan plateau will have a greater water supply for longer, while populations in the south will experience greater water demand more quickly. Scientists predict that the greatest demand for water will be in the southern Indus basin. The demand is largely due to the irrigation of agricultural land. In fact, 90% of the water usage in this region goes to irrigation to help feed the region’s large population. The Indus and Ganges Brahmaputra basins are home to the largest irrigated agricultural area in the world.

The researchers said the north-south disparity will increase – in the coming decades of this century – as the climate warms. Piao Shilong from Peking University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences said:

Concrete policies for the sustainable management of water resources are greatly needed in this region.

The researchers also said more studies would help provide more information to people in the region so they can anticipate changes. Lonnie Thompson of Ohio State University and co-chair of Third Pole Environment said:

We need more accurate predictions of future water supply to assess mitigation and adaptation strategies for the region.

Three of the scientists’ future goals are comprehensive monitoring stations, advanced modeling and sustainable water management.

A graph showing the glaciers, with the runoff between them, and a legend:
This image is a screenshot from a video titled NASA Tracks Future of Asia’s Glaciers.

Bottom line: An imbalance in runoff from melting glaciers at Earth’s 3rd pole — aka the Asian water tower — may mean more water supplies in the north and less in the south.

Source: The imbalance of the Asian water tower


Read more: Hundreds of millions of South Asians at risk from melting glaciers

Where is Norilsk? The CHILLING story of the “most depressing city in the world”


The world is a beautiful place and it never fails to amaze us with its mesmerizing landscapes. But there are places on Earth that will send shivers down your spine, simply because they are dark and extremely unwelcoming. One of these places is a city called Norilsk, located in Russia. Let’s take a look inside the place that is considered the most depressing city in the world, and the land where water and snow can turn blood red.

Norilsk, founded in 1935, is home to almost 178,000 people and is a city located in the Krasnoyarsk Krai region of Russia. The city is 300 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle and 2,400 kilometers from the North Pole. Less than 100 years old, Norilsk is a land far removed from the main world, or so it seems. As far as connectivity is concerned, only one freight line enters and leaves the city. If you must take a waterway, the port town of Dudinka, 40 miles away, offers a route into town. However, the river is mostly frozen in winter, so this is a temporary route. The city faces ice and snow all year round, with an average of 9 degrees Celsius in summer and as low as -70 degrees in winter! During the seven months of winter here, the sun doesn’t even rise at all, which means it’s dark 24 hours a day. Yes, there are no roads that lead to the city and the access to the city is limited to foreign tourists.


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Avid visitors can also visit by air, which may not seem like an easy task. The city, which does not want to be found, is reached after a five-hour flight from Moscow, followed by a not so beautiful landscape based on a Soviet prison camp. Plus, the city didn’t enjoy the luxury of a real internet until 2017. Before that, they survived on a dodgy satellite link.

The smokestacks of a nickel refinery release sulfur dioxide into the environment July 21, 2002 in Norilsk, Russia. The refinery releases some 2.8 million metric tons of sulfur dioxide annually into the atmosphere, six times the emissions of the entire US nonferrous metals industry. In total, Norilsk produces over 90% of Russian nickel, 58% of copper, over 80% of cobalt and nearly 100% of platinum group metals. (Photo by Oleg Nikishin/Getty Images)

A brief history of Norilsk

It all started in the 1840s when Alexander von Middendorff’s expedition discovered the local coal deposits on this land, near the Putorana Mountains. Fast forward to the 1860s, the deposits were called Norilsk 1, hence the name. In 1936, the USSR built a large mining complex in the mountains using nearly 500,000 forced laborers. For nearly 20 years, workers worked in permafrost, which is not a suitable condition for work, resulting in the deaths of nearly 18,000 people in horrific conditions. NBC reports that the city has its origins as a resource colony by Soviet Gulag prisoners. Norilsk survived communism, embraced capitalism, and its companies are involved in selling metals needed for electric vehicle batteries and, ironically, the clean energy economy.

Today, Norilsk rests on the largest copper-nickel palladium deposits on the planet. In addition, a fifth of the world’s nickel comes from the city and more than half of the world’s palladium is used in car exhausts and jewellery. Today, almost everyone in the city is connected to this company, whether they work for Norlisk Nickel or another company. Although this provides jobs and a good source of income, it has not been very friendly to the environment. In 2016, Russian authorities ordered an investigation into a possible pipeline rupture after a river in the arctic nickel-producing city of Norilsk turned bright red. To give you a fair idea of ​​how the city is drowned in toxins, it is the most polluted city in all of Russia and one of the top 10 most polluted cities in the world. Factories release at least 2 million tons of toxic waste, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, phenols, and more.

Effect of toxins on Norilsk

Due to the toxic gases released by the mining plans, life expectancy and the environment are severely affected. It results in acid rain and the life expectancy is only 59 years, which is 10 years less than the Russian average. Moreover, the risk of cancer is also double that of any other city in Russia, reports The Sun. A health study found that rates of blood diseases in children are 44% higher in Norilsk compared to an average child in Siberia, while rates of nervous system diseases are 38% higher and diseases bone and muscle are 28% higher.

Molten metal flows throughout the day in furnaces and workers have to keep a watchful eye to avoid backups at a copper factory July 22, 2002 in Norilsk, Russia. Norilsk produces more than 85% of Russian nickel and cobalt, about 70% of copper and more than 95% of platinum group metals. (Photo by Oleg Nikishin/Getty Images)

In 2016, a nearby river called the Daldykan River turned red due to alleged chemical waste. Although there was no official statement from anyone, many workers believed it was the result of the toxic waste. Also, on June 3, 2020, a river outside Norilsk turned red due to a massive diesel spill. A corroded tank burst and released 6.5 million gallons of diesel fuel into waters flowing into the Kara Sea. This is the largest oil spill in Arctic history.

Safe from U.S. sanctions during the Russo-Ukrainian War

Russian mining company MMC Norilsk Nickel PJSC said in March that there was no significant impact on its palladium and nickel sales, despite the war in Ukraine which has severely affected platinum group metals and commodity markets more broadly. Nornickel is Russia’s leading palladium miner and accounts for about 40% of the world’s precious metal supply, making it an integral part of the platinum group metals supply chain, Market Watch reports. Both palladium and platinum are used by car manufacturers in catalysts, which are used to help combat greenhouse gas emissions in combustion engines. The company accounts for around 20% of the world’s production of high-grade nickel, which is vital for electric vehicle batteries and one of the causes of pollution in Norilsk.

Dehra Gopipur residents face severe water crisis: The Tribune India


Ravinder Sood

Palampur, June 12

Drinking water crisis in Dehra Gopipur continued for the fourth day today as “Nakhear khud”, the water source supplying the city, dried up. All localities in Dehra Gopipur and adjacent satellite areas are waterless. People fetch water from traditional water sources like hand pumps, ‘bablis’ and wells to meet their daily needs. There is uncertainty as to when the water supply will be restored to the city.

The IPH department will provide water every other day

The water level at Nakehar khud supplying Dehara city and its adjoining areas had dropped, and the IPH department was unable to lift water to fill its aerial water tanks. From today, the IPH service would supply the town with water every other day. — Tilak Raj, Executive Engineer, IPH, Dehra Gopipur

Dozens of private tankers can be seen delivering water to different parts of the city. Subhash Chand and Kewal Walia, local residents, said they pay a high price per tank of water to supply their rooftop tanks. They demanded that the SDM immediately set the price of the water tanks to save the residents from exploitation. However, despite the serious water crisis, the IPH department has not yet put the water tankers into operation to deal with the water shortage.

Tilak Raj, Executive Engineer, IPH, Dehra Gopipur Division, said a new water lift system for the city is under construction and more than 70% of the civil works have already been completed. But a local resident managed to stay from the court due to which the work was delayed.

“Due to insufficient rainfall in March and April this year in Kangra valley, most local water sources have dried up in most parts of Kangra district, resulting in severe water shortage. . Rising mercury has further multiplied people’s misfortunes,” he added.

With the Dhauladhar glaciers retreating every year, experts say the government should seek alternative patterns rather than relying on natural river flow.

Sanjay Thakur, Executive Engineer, IPH, Palampur, says global warming, melting glaciers and receding snowfalls have affected surface water availability not only in Kangra but across the state. However, groundwater is available in abundance. Therefore, the government must shift the focus from surface water to groundwater where natural water is not available.

Cruise ships in Poole Harbor this season, including one with its own golf garden


Earlier this week residents of Poole woke up to a cruise ship entering the harbour. The Amadea, a Phoenix Reisen ship, arrived early at 7:30 a.m. and departed later in the day at 5:45 p.m. It was the ship’s first voyage into port. The ship then left for Tilbury, near London, but a number of cruise ships are due to dock at Poole this year.

The sleek but understated vessel is believed to be 193 meters long and has a capacity of 600 people, which by cruising standards is ‘intimate’. With these ships proving to be a popular and impressive sight, what other large ships are expected to enter port this year?

If you’re wondering what other ships are due to enter Poole waters, and when, then here are the ships arriving for the summer season – and the unusual facilities they have on board.

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Ocean Odyssey: July 15 & September 15

Operator: Advantage

This cruise ship is smaller than most – although it is still one of the largest in Poole Harbor at 104m in length. It was launched this year for the first time and can accommodate up to 162 guests.

It will arrive in September as part of the ship’s voyage from Lisbon to London and is known for its unusually high number of single occupancy cabins. Guests won’t be bored on board as there are also three bars, a gym, two hot tubs and a spa. However, Ocean Odyssey has some impressive practical features. As the operator’s new venture into ‘luxury expedition cruising’, the vessel can also navigate through compacted ice if required.

On March 13, Ocean Odyssey was due to complete its sea trial, ready for its first voyages this summer. However, it already has a sister ship – the ‘Ocean Explorer’ – which docked in Poole in August 2021.

Sea Venture: September 25

Operator: Polar cruises

This vessel was designed and used to circumnavigate Antarctica – but actually makes a trip to Poole. Although this vessel is the most comfortable traveling between icebergs, it passed through Poole Harbor in September 2021.

This vessel is of a similar length to Sea Odyssey at 111.5m long and can carry 164 passengers. It has features that make it suitable for Antarctica, like a heated saltwater pool, kayaks, and even a citizen science lab. Guests can get involved in science projects including the study of penguins and the study of phytoplankton.

However, it also has a beer garden and a sun terrace for days when the weather is above zero. After visiting Poole, the ship is to be picked up by Polar Latitudes in November when it ventures to Ushuaia in Argentina to prepare for a tour of Antarctica.

Amédée: October 2

Operator: Phoenix Reisen

In October MS Amadea returns to Poole for the second time. This vessel is operated by Phoenix Reisen and sails under the flag of the Bahamas.

Although not as large as some cruise ships anchored in Portland, the MS Amadea is still a sizable ship. With a carrying capacity of 29,008 gross tons and room for 604 passengers, she is highly visible at the entrance to Poole Harbour. Facilities on board this vessel include a saltwater swimming pool, two restaurants, a golf garden and a gym. Upon her return, the MS Amadea will cruise to “Western Europe’s finest coastal destinations”.

Passengers will dock at Poole to cruise the Jurassic Coast, visit Bournemouth and Christchurch and even make the trip to Stonehenge.

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DVIDS – News – ‘A Manifest Destiny’: Wayne White’s world travels


“I was killed in the Amazon jungle years ago and had the journal framed at home to prove it,” said Wayne White, Federal Services Officer at Wolf Creek on Garrison Atoll. of the US Army.

So begins the story of White, who arrived here in December 2021, and who oversees the shipyard and the boats – minus the USAV Worthy, the ferries, the divers, as well as the Surfways here and on Roi. He leaves next month and returns home to Rockport, Texas.

Spoiler alert: he’s not really dead. Keep reading.

Growing up in Des Moines, Iowa, White began her adventurous life at an early age.

“There was a little creek near my house that (to me) was the Amazon jungle,” he said. “I entered an abandoned house and discovered that there was a hidden basement. Going down those stairs when I was little was the same (as) later when I was in Egypt to enter Tutankhamun’s tomb.

White enlisted in the US Marine Corps in 1974 and spent three years at Camp Pendleton, California as a radio operator. It was there that he met his wife, Melissa, a teacher.

Having traveled and lived all over the world, this is White’s second Kwajalein tour.

“Before coming to Kwaj, I was at home working on my book after my last visit to the South Pole,” White said. He is the author of “Cold: Three Winters at the South Pole”.

When asked what inspired him to travel to the end of the world, he replied, “I like hardship. I like physical challenges. I’m also a huge fan and student of explorers, especially Victorian and turn-of-the-century explorers when it comes to the Poles.

White had the chance to follow the explorers in 2016 when he was selected to be the winter site manager at the South Pole.

“I did my freshman year and it was awesome,” White said. Selected for the following year, it was around this time that his boss informed him that his replacement had changed his mind and asked if he would do back-to-back winters. He accepted the challenge.

A winter at the South Pole lasts from mid-February until early November. After mid-February, no aircraft take off or arrive at the South Pole until late October or early November.

“You’re basically locked in,” said White, who was in charge of 42- and 46-person crews that kept the station running for the past two winters.
Speaking of the crews, White says the best part of working on the ice was getting to know the people.

“One of my favorite activities was getting to know them and helping them. I did my best to help these people through what they were going through,” he said. “My days were quite structured and I would walk around the station to see how everything was going and talk to people.”

White’s management style kept a distance between him and his crew, but they knew he would do anything for them. “My mustache became a focal point for them. It started showing up on flyers that said: House of Wayne, King of Ice South, Lord of Night Long,” he said. “Then people started trying to grow mustaches, which was kind of funny. There was a large banner with a mustache on it and a sculpture of a mustache on the kitchen rug. I wanted them to have fun. I loved them and I hope they knew it.

White also shared his love of the explorers who came before him with his crews.

“I was doing presentations and I had a movie night on Saturday where I was showing these old movies and talking about them with my team. I enjoyed educating them to those who came before us.

As head of the South Pole for three winters, White defined his leadership style as a combination of his life in the Marine Corps combined with his knowledge of the polar explorers who preceded him and the contractor bosses he served under. served all over the world.

“They’ve been so good to me,” White said, commenting on his former bosses. “They tolerated me and taught me how to manage projects. I never forgot all their lessons about relating to people.

The art of dealing with people helped him in such far off places as the jungles of the Amazon, Papua New Guinea and South Africa.

True to his quest for hardship, White traveled to Colombia and the jungles of the Amazon in 1985.

The Amazon
He flew to Leticia, Colombia, because he had always wanted a blowpipe and poison darts.

White had arrived in Leticia on an Avianca flight which went on strike once it landed, so he set off in search of his treasure.

What he found was a city that was a very dangerous place because of drugs. He took his gun and his darts and met some interesting people along the way.

“Upstream, the people I met wanted to know a lot about me,” White said. “In the end, I managed to convince them that I was just a fool walking around, looking for a blowpipe and poison darts enough for them to believe me. Because I was I was there, this young American, looking for stuff in the jungle. Could have gone wrong. They took me down the river in their speedboat.

Arriving in Leticia, he went to Avianca’s office and told the lady that he wanted to leave tomorrow morning. “My Spanish is terrible and the lady was saying ‘No manana’ and stuff. I couldn’t understand her and she couldn’t understand me. I guessed they weren’t on strike yet so I crossed the border to the Brazilian border and stayed there for a few days.

He returned to Leticia to check his flight and was met by a guy who had seen him earlier at the hotel in town. “He came running towards me shouting ‘Señor Blanco, the American Embassy is looking for you. White learned what the woman had tried to tell him days before, that there was no Avianca flight, but there was a flight on a DC6 the next day. This flight, with more than 70 passengers, took off and crashed 10 miles away in the jungle, killing everyone on board.

“I was on the manifesto,” White said. “My wife was warned every time they identified bodies that it wasn’t me.” White called the embassy. He said the staff were really excited that he didn’t die.

“If I had understood Spanish, or if I had understood what the lady was trying to tell me, that’s all it would have taken. I would have gotten on the plane and I would have died.

“I have never learned Spanish since.”

Papua New Guinea
The first of White’s six trips into the Papua New Guinea wilderness took him on a solo trek along the Kokoda Trail in the eastern part of the country in 1981.

“After a few trips, I made my way to the Indonesian side which was much wilder,” White said. He said he might as well have walked through jungles in 1850 that people hadn’t entered and that he was dealing with crocodiles and snakes and leeches, as well as people who, he didn’t not so long ago, people were eating. His last trip dates back to 1992 when he walked from the interior towards the coast between canoes and boats.

His interest in PNG was sparked by the disappearance of Michael Rockefeller in 1963 in what was then called Dutch New Guinea.

“They didn’t know if it had been eaten by crocodiles or by people in the Asmat area,” White said. “I loved the tribal art of these areas and through my research I knew I could get there and see things that probably no one else had ever seen. It was the big draw. »

The Zulus
After his final trip to PNG, White traveled to South Africa in 1993 to follow in the footsteps of Zulu warriors. “I’ve always been interested in Zulu culture and the Zulu War in the Natal Province of South Africa,” White said.

He rode the battlefield route, a 120 mile journey, and was allowed to camp on the battlefield where over 1,000 Britons were killed and twice as many Zulus perished.

“I’m no superstition but this place is unlike any other place I’ve been, especially in the middle of the night in this tent.”

Traveling with Melissa
While White enjoyed his solo excursions, he and his wife lived around the world in exotic locales such as Diego Garcia; Midway Atoll; Shemya, Alaska; Wake Island; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.

“When he came home, he visited my class, and the kids love him,” said his wife, Melissa, a fourth-grade teacher in Texas. “He brings crazy things like huge snake skins and animal skulls, and the kids think he’s awesome. He’s a natural speaker and has no problem putting on presentations for people of all ages. age. “

She explained that she did not go with him to the South Pole because of his teaching. “I would have loved to go there,” she said. “Going to Antarctica was one of his dreams and when he had the opportunity, I wanted him to go. When you love someone, you want the best for them and their dreams kind of become yours. dreams too.

As her Kwajalein tour draws to a close, White shows no signs of slowing down.

“I’m going home to Texas to prepare my next book,” White said. After that, who knows?

“I would love to go back to New Guinea after all these years to see what it’s like now,” White said. “It’s a commitment to go somewhere; you pay a price if you really like something.

Date taken: 06.04.2022
Date posted: 06.11.2022 17:49
Story ID: 422735
Location: MH

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Pole Vaulter Finds New Rhythm – North Delta Reporter


Alysha Newman sat in a hospital room in California with her mother and a doctor.

She was looking at pictures of animals, on the verge of tears.

It was October 2021, two months after the 27-year-old pole vaulter failed to land a single jump at the Tokyo Olympics.

She had missed her three attempts to jump by more than 4.25 meters: the height of a bungalow and a half, which she usually crosses as part of her warm-up.

An untrained observer would have guessed that Newman had stage fright on the track at Tokyo’s Olympic Stadium.

But it’s not like Newman, a two-time Olympian, Commonwealth Games champion and nationally acclaimed model with more than 600,000 Instagram followers, gets nervous when he performs.

The problem, she said, was mostly in her head, but it wasn’t just mental.

She was kept four months away from a concussion, suffered by slipping and falling in a hotel room recovery ice tray in April 2021.

Since then, persistent symptoms like headaches, neck pain and depth perception issues have derailed her career: her blunder in Tokyo was the latest in a series of frustrations that led her to seek medical treatment. a concussion specialist in California, who was now asking him to take a simple test to identify a rabbit from a dog.

And she couldn’t do it.

“I just started crying,” she recalled. “It was the worst feeling in the world – I had the animal names on the tip of my tongue, but I just couldn’t get them out.”

The year 2021 was supposed to be when Newman would eclipse her personal best of 4.82m, which already made her the Canadian record holder and the 16th best female jumper in world history.

But the symptoms kept her from jumping like her, and in that doctor’s office she was beginning to accept that she still had a long way to go before she cleared 4.82 meters again.

“My goal was just to show up in Tokyo and hope for a miracle, and then I couldn’t even get off the track,” she said.

“Embarrassing myself at the Olympics was what I needed to really realize something was wrong…I couldn’t concentrate on technique anymore and needed proper help.”

After her consultation with the specialist, the Toronto resident returned from California and began a new training regimen, trading sessions on the track for brain scans, mandatory nap schedules and daily 90-minute stretches in a hyperbaric chamber just to stop the headache.

Temporarily giving up intense training, she said, felt like a withdrawal.

“I’m someone who finds great joy in a tough, sweaty workout,” she said. “Convincing myself that just resting was what I needed was excruciating.”

But as the winter months passed, Newman began to feel better.

Her depth perception was returning, her neck pain was less frequent, and she could easily name her animals.

In the spring, she started to feel like she had to do workouts again, but she wasn’t ready to jump yet.

“For me, the pole vault is the most difficult event, technically, in athletics. I couldn’t get back to it yet,” she said. “I kept thinking: is that post was going to bend to the right, was it going to kill me?”

To get in shape, she started hitting the track at Athletics Canada’s East Hub at York University, and her workouts often overlapped with those of Canadian heptathlete Georgia Ellenwood of Langley.

RELATED: Langley’s Georgia Ellenwood Suffers Catastrophic Injury in World Championship Qualifying Competition

Doug Wood, Newman’s pole vault coach since 2014, eventually encouraged Newman to attend Ellenwood’s workouts.

It made sense: the throws helped her build her power, the 800m sessions kept her fit, and the sprint intervals worked on her short speed, which Newman calls her biggest weakness.

“My coach Doug always said I was one of the best technicians in the world, but I was also one of the slowest, so it was an opportunity to use that training to help me on the jump. horse,” Newman said.

As the weeks passed, she came to enjoy the workouts and even caught up with Ellenwood in sprint and obstacle sessions. The heptathlete was impressed by the speed with which her protege took the multis.

“Learning seven events in a short time is a tough job,” Ellenwood said, “but Alysha is resilient and a world-class athlete. I knew that once she practiced every event thoroughly, she could get into his first multi.

Newman began to think the same way.

“I just thought: Georgia is one of the biggest multi-events in Canada, and I’m a step behind her in some practices. And even she thinks I’m good at it… I had to try a heptathlon for real.

So last month, Newman competed in his first outdoor competition since Tokyo: the NACAC Combined Events Championship in Ottawa.

A beginning heptathlete can usually absolve himself of outside expectations and attribute any poor performance to inexperience with the brutality of a seven-event competition.

But when you’re Newman, a mainstay of the athletics scene in Canada, with thousands of people watching it online, the zero wait quickly becomes a myth.

She signed up for the championship in Ottawa much like she did for her first major modeling audition, for Nordstrom in 2019: as a rookie, but with a resume too stellar to ignore. During the audition, she didn’t tell anyone about her Olympic past and her 2018 Commonwealth title, hoping to be valued at face value.

“When I try something new, I want to start from scratch,” Newman said. “Until I perform, only then do I want to be recognized. I don’t want special treatment.

She doesn’t know when the Nordstrom judges found out she was a Commonwealth champion and world-class athlete. Either way, she got the part.

The resulting campaign from that audition, which featured Newman splattered on billboards in Toronto’s Yonge-Dundas Square, combined with her jumping prowess to make her the biggest name on Ottawa’s starting roster , although she is the only first to compete in multiple events in the nine-athlete field. .

Despite the pressure, Newman delivered.

She finished in fourth place with 5,021 points and mixed feelings: she was disappointed with her performance in the shot put, but said she figured out how to properly compartmentalize her 200m, and ultimately felt like a jumper in height. Even at the end of the last event, the grueling 800m, she was hungry for more and became convinced that better jumps and throws could eventually bring her closer to 6,000 internationally competitive points.

“I could push myself to places where I couldn’t in the pole vault, where you have to be really calm and precise. In the heptathlon, I feel like I can really show my athleticism, it’s this feeling of surpassing myself that I like… you don’t always have that on vault, where it’s much more technical.

Encouraged by a positive result, Newman felt ready to jump again and competed in the Johnny Loaring Classic in Windsor the week after the NACAC championship.

Inside the St. Denis Center in Windsor, the old patterns returned and the Olympian won the competition hands down by jumping 4.61m on her third attempt at the height. During her first jumping competition since Tokyo, she came within nine centimeters of the world standard of 4.70 m.

“It was like riding a bike,” she said. “Being away from pole vaulting for so long makes it easier because I got my mental game aligned, and the rest is muscle memory.”

Just like that, she found herself at a crossroads.

She wondered: was it time to get back into pole vault this summer and have a better chance of winning medals at the World Championships and Commonwealth Games? Or should she continue to explore her potential and her growing love for multiplayer?

For advice, she turned to Wood and thought he might encourage her to give up the heptathlon.

Wood, a former outfielder himself, instead made her stick with the multis a bit longer.

A continued focus on hurdles and jumps, he said, would improve his speed, and a little more distance from the pole vault could continue to help his mental game and overall longer-term performance.

“Also, Alysha is a technician like I’ve never met, and she has enough experience that she doesn’t have to jump seven days a week to resurrect all the good feelings and patterns,” said said Wood. “What happened at Windsor is a great example of that – there’s a lot of value in what she’s doing right now.”

RELATED: Langley prepares for Bell Canadian Track and Field Championships in June

With the Bell Trials (Bell Canadian Track & Field Championships at McLeod Athletic Park in Langley June 22-26) fast approaching, Newman – along with Wood and fellow jump coach Zeke Krykorka, along with his multi-event coaches Vickie Croley – are trying to devise a summer competition plan.

Her dream, she said, would be to score high enough in the heptathlon to qualify for the Commonwealth Games in Birmingham, but she also feels more drawn to pole vaulting than she has. done for years.

“Part of me is so connected and has to jump that world standard (pole vault) of 4.70m before anything else.”

As she aims to design the perfect competition schedule, Newman doesn’t forget that in her planning she has to account for random events: things like playing a major role in a modeling campaign or slipping into a baccalaureate. ice cream.

On Wednesday, Newman missed five of her six pole vault jumps at La Classique d’athlétisme de Montréal, due to a delay in competition that would have delayed her for her flight back to Toronto.

“You want to plan, but you also have to take into account the things you can’t plan. It’s just a track. That’s life, really,” she shared.

“For now, I’m just planning to go to Langley and give them a show.”

RELATED: A call for volunteers as Langley prepares for the 2022 Bell Canadian Track & Field Championships

– Athletics Canada


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In A 1st, glacier-fed rivers to be connected with rain-fed ones | Dehradun News

DEHRADUN: The Drinking Water Department of the Government of Uttarakhand has launched an ambitious river link project which aims to connect the glacier-fed rivers of the Pindari Glacier in the Kumaon region to the rain-fed rivers of the Bageshwar and Bageshwar districts. ‘Almora. “This may be the first such project in the country and pave the way for other such projects in the Himalayan regions facing water issues,” a senior official involved in the plan said on Friday. .
Under the project, Sunderdunga and Shambhu, main tributaries of the 105 km long Pindar River which originates in the Pindari Glacier, will be connected to the Gomti River in the Baijnath Valley of Bageshwar District and the upper watershed of the Kosi, Lodh and Gagas rivers in Almora District.
Nitish Jha, Secretary of the Department of Drinking Water, told TOI, “This long-term vision project is very ambitious as it aims to address water issues in Almora and Bageshwar districts due to the drying up of major rain-fed rivers due to various environmental and climatic factors.
Jha added that a team of experts, including department engineers and geologists, are already carrying out initial ground survey work. “It started on June 8 and will continue until June 12. During this survey, they will study the area of ​​the Pindar River and try to identify the points from where water can be extracted. The initial fieldwork and analysis should be completed within a year, after which we will send a detailed project report to the Center to obtain the required authorizations. After two years, we hope to be able to implement it.
Citing the reason behind the project, the senior government official said, “Among the rivers mentioned, Kosi is the lifeline of Almora and Nainital districts. We have at least 10 to 12 water pumping stations for household supply as well as agricultural fields. But due to the drop in the water level, these stations are in danger.

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Sleepwalking in Climate Nightmares – CounterPunch.org


How can anyone sleep at night? My first nightmare about the environmental crisis happened in 1990. I was eight years old. Acid rain fell there from the sky, burning the skin of humans and puncturing the leaves of trees. On either side of a long, ashen-grey street, plumes of smog billowed from chimneys. I was running, looking for refuge from the toxic waste. Nowhere was safe.

It’s 2022. I’ll be 40 this summer and my bad dreams are nothing compared to reality. The climate crisis is collapsing in cascades of disasters – forest fires, torrential floods, crop failures, ferocious hurricanes, heat domes… enough to bring nightmares.

And while I struggle with existential fear and horrified insomnia, our political leaders are asleep at the wheel. They dream of midterm elections, of the status quo, of a new war, and hope to pass on the responsibility of addressing the non-negotiable need for a rapid transition away from fossil fuels.

We are run out of time.

When I was a teenager, the epic movie Titanic toured the cinemas. Leonardo DiCaprio starred as a doomed but handsome lower-class entertainer named Jack who fell in love with an upper-class woman played by Kate Winslet. The ship hit the iceberg. The band continued to play. The poor drowned en masse. The wealthy threw the children out of the lifeboats to ensure their own safety. It was the epic symbol of our time, a powerful metaphorical augury.

It would take DiCaprio 22 years to find a more apt image. In Don’t look up, he plays the role of a panicked scientist warning of an inevitable collision with a massive asteroid causing extinction. In this film, he does not survive either.

In 2003, Drew Dellinger wrote these haunting lines:

It’s 3:23 in the morning

and i woke up

because my great-great-grandchildren

don’t let me sleep

my great great grandchildren

ask me in dreams

what did you do while the planet was plundered?

what did you do when the earth collapsed?

The poem goes on to ask: what did you do, once you knew?

Some of us can’t sleep. We know it’s the eleventh hour. We know it’s 100 seconds to midnight on the doomsday clock. We know that the ecological debts accumulated by our parents and grandparents are coming to an end. We know the future is becoming more and more uncertain with every minute, every second spent spewing more fossil fuels into the atmosphere.

We can’t sleep…and we have to use our insomnia to wake those who doze in denial. In the halls of power and corporate boardrooms, on Wall Street and on boardrooms, we need them to wake us up and pull us out of this devastating collision course with proverbial icebergs melting and crashing. crumble into skyscraper-sized pieces.

All my life I’ve had nightmares about the realities we live in now. Poets and storytellers work hard, crying out for sanity and a quick transition. Activists are mobilizing and raising the pressure on the streets as the climate crisis escalates. School children are coming out of school, demanding that we take action. It’s time for the rich and powerful to do their part. We don’t have another decade. We have no other planet. We have no other life.

Sir Ernest Shackleton made two crucial mistakes


One person who played a key role in building Shackleton’s image was Australian photographer Frank Hurley. He was driven out by Shackleton to join Endurance due to the success of Hurley’s photographs of Douglas Mawson’s Antarctic Expedition of 1911-14.

Hurley was one of Endurance’s most resourceful and experienced expeditionaries. His photographs bear witness to the heroic age of Antarctic exploration and he was a pioneer of motion picture film. Even in the midst of a disaster as Endurance lay dying, Hurley calmly captured dramatic footage of the very moment her mast toppled through the broken rigging.

But Shackleton was suspicious of Hurley and they regularly butted each other. Before Shackleton left Elephant Island on his famous rescue trip, Hurley pestered him to agree that in the event of Shackleton’s death, the copyrights to the films and negatives of the expedition would be attributed to Hurley. The agreement was recorded in Hurley’s diary and signed by Shackleton.

Hurley was not invited to Shackleton’s next expedition to Antarctica in 1921. Even more telling, in the final chapter of South, Shackleton records the contribution of his Endurance colleagues to the First World War. It completely omits Frank Hurley.

Despite this personal rivalry, Frank Hurley’s film and photographs were key to the enduring Shackleton legend. This is the advent of adventure photography. Hurley’s photographs were widely published in newspapers around the world, and Shackleton traveled across Europe and America to bring Hurley’s film to delighted audiences. There have been many famous shipwrecks, but the Endurance was one of the first to be filmed so convincingly. Without Hurley’s images, the story would never have resonated to the same extent.

second ship

The Endurance wreck was discovered 3,000 meters below the ice earlier this year. PA

Only polar enthusiasts know that Shackleton’s transantarctic expedition included a second ship: the Aurora. Shackleton had bought Aurora from Sir Douglas Mawson after his traumatic experiences in Antarctica. Aurora’s mission was to land a team on the other side of the continent, via the Ross Sea. They were to meet and bring home Shackleton’s ground party. The Ross Sea Expeditionaries had to set up a series of food depots along the Beardmore Glacier so that the Shackleton party would have supplies to complete their crossing of Antarctica.

Unfortunately, Shackleton paid little attention to the Ross Sea Festival. He asked the Admiralty to provide a naval crew but unsurprisingly, with war brewing in Europe, Churchill refused this request. The Aurora required a complete refitting, but no funds were received to pay for this as well as essential supplies. The unfortunate prospect of having no one to meet Shackleton if he reached the Ross Sea loomed.

At the last minute, the Australian government had to step in and refit the Aurora at Sydney’s Cockatoo Island shipyard at its own expense. She finally left on Christmas Eve 1914. Only three on board had Antarctica experience.

Aurora had been directed by Shackleton to land in a very exposed location in McMurdo Sound. Six men immediately dragged south to establish food depots for Shackleton. Four other expeditionaries camped near the shore. One morning, after a violent blizzard, they came out of their tents to find that the Aurora had disappeared. He had become stuck in the ice, his anchor lines broke, his rudder was broken, and he drifted helplessly in Antarctic waters for most of the next year.

The group ashore was stranded with basic sledding rations and only the clothes they were wearing. Most of their winter supplies were on board the Aurora, and they did not know if the ship had sunk or if they would ever be rescued. Despite this, they persevered and succeeded in setting up the food depots for Shackleton. But he did not show up in 1915, nor in 1916 because, unbeknownst to the Ross Sea team, Shackleton never managed to set foot on the Antarctic coast.

It is true and to the credit and good fortune of Shackleton that the entire crew of Endurance survived. However, the Ross Sea party also endured terrible hardship. Only seven of the 10 were alive, when after more than two years, Aurora suddenly reappeared to save them in January 1917.

The year 1916 and the loss of the Endurance marked the end of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration. It is the beginning of the worst horrors of modernity with the battles of the Somme on the western front.

For two long years, the Endurance and Aurora expeditionaries struggled to stay alive. They were stunned to learn that during this time the world had been at war with millions dead and no end in sight. Most of them volunteered for war service and in too little time a number of them were killed or maimed. Frank Hurley has been appointed official Australian Imperial Force photographer. Shackleton served in Russia.

In 1922 Shackleton returned to Antarctica where he died of a heart attack in March of that year. It would have been unimaginable for him that 100 years later the Endurance would be found again. But in March, the 107-year-old wreck was located and filmed 3,000 meters deep under the pack ice, its wooden structure remarkably intact.

Tim Griffiths is the author of the historical novel, Endurance (Allen & Unwin).

How did people get to Britain 950,000 years ago? ‹ Literary Center


“We are inextricably part of Europe,” Margaret Thatcher told Britain in 1975. “Neither Mr. Foot nor Mr. Benn” – the leading Brexiteers of the time – “nor anyone else can never take us out of Europe, ‘because Europe is where we are and where we have always been.

This may seem odd, given Mrs Thatcher’s later reputation as a sworn enemy of European integration, and some historians question whether she really meant it. After all, she had just taken over the leadership of a Conservative party whose greatest recent success had been to bring Britain into the European Community; now that a Labor government was putting that achievement to a referendum, surely honor demanded that she defend it.

Yet, whatever Thatcher’s inner scruples, her advice to the nation on the eve of the first Brexit referendum laid bare, better than anyone ever, the fundamental facts of the British position. His assertion is so compelling – that Britain is inextricably part of Europe and cannot be taken out of it, for Europe is where Britain is and has always been – that I will call Thatcher’s law.

Like all scientific laws, Thatcher has exceptions. Britain hasn’t really “always been” in Europe, because there hasn’t always been a Europe to be in. Our planet has been around for 4.6 billion years, but the shifting continental plates only began to create what we now call Europe about 200 million years ago.

That caveat aside, however, Britain was literally part of Europe for 99% of those 200 million years, as the islands were not islands at all but one end of an large plain extending uninterrupted from Russia to an Atlantic coast 150 km to the west. of modern Galway. For lack of a better name, I will call this huge and ancient extension of the continent “Proto-Britain”.

During the multiple ice ages that filled much of the past 2.5 million years, glaciers sucked so much water from the oceans that what we now know as the North Sea and the Atlantic East were well above sea level. At the coldest point, 20,000 years ago, average temperatures were 6°C lower than today. Ice sheets up to 3 km thick covered much of the northern hemisphere, trapping 120 million billion tons of water and leaving sea levels 100 m lower.

Nothing could live on the glaciers that covered the future Scotland, Ireland, Wales and northern England at the coldest points of the last ice age, and the tundras that stretched 150 km or further beyond their southern edge were hardly more welcoming. In some places, the ice trapped so much moisture that barely a fifth of the amount of rain fell than today, and the air carried ten to twenty times as much dust. Even more than the cold, this aridity meant that very few plants could grow in Proto Britain, and so there were very few animals around that ate them, and no one ate anything.

The first human-like apes (anthropologists constantly argue over the definition of “human”) evolved in the savannahs of East Africa around 2.5 million years ago, immediately creating the original geostrategic imbalance . The pattern of imbalances occurring in one place and balancing out in space is thus as old as humanity itself. In this case, the evening lasted for hundreds of thousands of years, as proto-humans migrated into regions of Africa previously without humans.

However, in another pattern, new imbalances were created as quickly as previous ones were smoothed out, because new types of humans continued to evolve, whether back in the original homeland of Africa from the East or by interbreeding between humans that spread to Asia and Europe. By 1.5 million years ago, people who could communicate in complicated ways – even if what they were doing wasn’t exactly speaking – had spread to Indonesia, China and the Balkans. It was only during the warmer and wetter periods of the Ice Ages that they could make their way through Europe, but during one of these periods there are almost a million years ago, the first proto-humans wandered Proto-Britain.

The first human-like apes evolved in the savannahs of East Africa around 2.5 million years ago, immediately creating the original geostrategic imbalance.

The evidence comes from a tangle of footprints on a muddy tidal bank at Happisburgh (pronounced, because it’s England, “Hazebruh”) in Norfolk. After being buried by drifting sand, the mud hardened, preserving the tracks until 2013, when storms washed away the material that covered them. Within two weeks, the waters had also washed away the footprints, but that was long enough for archaeologists to leap in and record every detail, earning them, deservedly, the “Rescue Dig of the Year” from Current Archeology magazine.

There’s no way to date a footprint, but we have two techniques for fixing in time the mud these ancient feet sank into. We can get a rough idea of ​​the magnetized particles in the mud because every 450,000 years or so the Earth’s magnetic poles reverse direction. When the Happisburgh Mud was deposited, a compass needle would have pointed towards what we now call the South Pole, suggesting the mud is almost a million years old; and we can refine this with the second technique, by looking at fossils (mostly vole teeth) in the sediments, pointing to a date of 850,000 to 950,000 years ago.

Excavators speculate that a small group – possibly five people, including children – left their mark on this ancient beach collecting shells and seaweed for a meal. We don’t know what kind of proto-humans they were, since they left no bones behind.

The earliest Proto-Briton fossils are actually only half the age of the Happisburgh footprints: a tibia and two teeth found near another ancient riverbank at Boxgrove in Sussex, belonging to a tall and muscular mid-40s (in a tradition dating back to the 19th century, archaeologists divide pre-humans into categories called “Such a Man” – often named, as in this case, after where the first example has been found.These creatures – eerily similar to us, but eerily not – evolved around 600,000 years ago, probably in Africa, and were ancestral to both Neanderthals and ourselves.

In another long-standing tradition, the Heidelberg man’s excavators named him Roger, after the volunteer who dug him up. The prehistoric Roger apparently lived during one of the mildest periods of the Ice Ages, when Proto Britain was even warmer than the islands are now, and rhinos and elephants roamed southern England . A simple climate model shaped what Proto-Britain’s geography meant.

During hot and humid periods of the Ice Age, such as Roger’s Day, the imbalances created by new types of proto-humans evolving in Africa or Europe persisted until they reached the end of the world along from the Atlantic; but in the colder and drier phases, geography did what Michael Foot and Tony Benn could not. The ice and dust turned Proto-Brittany and much of the rest of the territory north of the Alps and Pyrenees into uninhabitable wastelands, pushing them out of Europe.

However, there was a complication: while global warming could make Proto Britain part of Europe, too much global warming, like too little, could take it away again. Around 450,000 years ago, the collapse of a melting glacier in what is now the North Sea released a vast lake of frigid water that had been trapped behind it. For months, more than a million tonnes of water rushed through the breach every second of every day, carving distinctive teardrop-shaped valleys and hills into the ground of what is now the English Channel. The tsunami blew through the high chalk ridge that had connected modern Dover and Calais, carving out the depression we now call the English Channel and turning Proto Britain into the Proto British Isles.

In this dramatic way, insularity entered the history of Britain and created a climatic Catch-22. When the islands were warm enough to live on, the English Channel would be full of water and, whatever their other skills, Roger and his people could not cross 34 km of high seas. But when Europe became cold enough to that falling sea levels turned the English Channel into a land bridge, it was generally too cold for anyone to cross and live in Proto Britain. Climate altered Thatcher’s law: islands could only be part of Europe if, like baby bear porridge in the Goldilocks story, they were neither too hot nor too cold, but just what was needed. The ice in the English Channel and the water in the English Channel both cut off Britain.

As far as we know, the long period between about 400,000 and 225,000 years ago has not seen any Goldilocks moment. Britain remained void of proto-humans until a whole new imbalance emerged: the evolution of Neanderthals around 300,000 years ago, either in core Africa or somewhere on the European frontier. Hardier and more intelligent than the Heidelberg Men, they tolerated the cold better. Eighteen of their teeth show that they had migrated northwest to Pontnewydd in Wales 225,000 years ago.

For the next 250 centuries, they made the tundras of Proto Britain their hunting ground (their bone chemistry reveals that they were prodigious eaters of red meat). They only disappeared when, around 160,000 years ago (the dating is still unclear), a new mega-flood – even bigger than the first – dug the English Channel even deeper. Cut off from mainland reinforcements, the British Neanderthals died out and there is no sure sign of humans in the islands until temperatures again reached a Goldilocks point around 60,000 years ago, quite cold for the waves to recede from a land bridge but warm enough for Neanderthals. migrate northwest to Derbyshire. Beyond that even they could not go.


Of Geography is Destiny: Britain and the World: A 10,000 Year History by Ian Morris. Used with permission from the publisher, Farrar Straus and Giroux. Copyright 2022 by Ian Morris.

NATO’s cold response and the implications of militarization in the Arctic


NATO’s cold response and the implications of militarization in the Arctic

A Dutch tank in the Cold Response 2016. Credit: Ministerie van Defensie/ Wikimedia Commons

On On April 1, NATO concluded its largest Norwegian-led cold response training exercise nowadays. Cold Response training is a long-standing military operation conducted by NATO member and partner nations, usually held every four years. But, it was canceled in 2020 and 2021 due to the coronavirus pandemic. The outbreak of the Russian-Ukrainian war and the prospect of a militarization of the Arctic loomed large as participants gathered.

This year’s two-week cold weather training included military personnel from 23 of the 30 NATO nations. Finland and Sweden, partner countries, also participated. It was conducted in several regions of Norway, including Bodø and Narvik, which are home to many glaciers such as Svartisen (the second largest glacier in Norway) and Frostisen.

Cold Response takes place in extremely harsh conditions, and this year four US Marines have died in a training accident. They were killed in a transport plane crash during the exercise, likely due to poor visibility in the Region. High winds combined with heavy snowfall and ice from the storm may also have contributed to the accident. The danger in this area is amplified by the risk of landslides, which inhibited the rescue operation. Many European nations, including non-NATO partners, rely on this training to maintain their standing military strength and expertise in brutal winter conditions.

35,000 soldiers took part and all partner and member countries, including Russia, were invited to observe the training. Russia, however, declined this year’s invitation. There were also 5,000 fewer soldiers in the cold response due to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, according to Preben Aursand, spokesman for the Norwegian Armed Forces. Operational Headquarter. Russia’s refusal of the observers’ invitation and the deaths of the marines underscore the seriousness of the circumstances surrounding this year’s event.

Norwegian military forces came together for Cold Response 2009.

Norwegian military personnel in Cold Response 2009. Credit: Jaran Gjeland Stenstad/ Wikimedia Commons

Although Cold Response is a long-standing, non-combat practice, the exercise raises questions about how increasing militarization in the Arctic may affect regional cooperation and NATO members’ future relationship with Russia. . The Cold Response had been planned before the Russian invasion of Ukraine, but there were initial concerns about whether going ahead with the already planned Cold Response would provoke a Russian response in the context of the new war. However, NATO members decided to go ahead thinking that this might deter Russia from to invade a larger strip of land. Prior to the start of the Cold Response, Russia conducted a military exercise in the Arctic, considered a “Warning to the West.” A week later, February 24Russia invades Ukraine.

Two NATO partners, Finland and Sweden, participated for the first time as a combined brigade in Cold Response and are now considering joining NATO in light of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. NATO had already been sharing intelligence on the Ukrainian invasion with the two countries since March and the two countries also joined NATO. meetings. In addition, NATO launched another military exercise with Finland and Sweden on June 5. US General Mark Milley, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the United States and other countries must “show solidarity with Finland and Sweden in this exercise.”

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg says Finland and Sweden could be added to NATO “fast enough,” although the path for this step is unclear. Another complication is that Turkish President Erdogan has expressed his intention to block Finland’s NATO candidacy, as the vote must be unanimous. The move stems from his concern over Scandinavian support for the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which Western countries rely on to fight ISIS. President Erdogan considers the SDF a terrorist organization. Although US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg have said Turkey’s concerns could be attenuatedthis creates additional uncertainty for the admission of Finland and Sweden to NATO.

This enlargement of NATO is not without risks, however. Russia claimed that there would be “serious military and political consequences” if NATO admitted Finland and Sweden. In addition, Russia has raised a territorial dispute over the autonomous islands of Åland which lie between Finland and Sweden, due to Finland’s intention to join NATO. The Åland Islands have been self-governing since 1856, as a Crimean War concession. Finland and Sweden have officially submitted requests to NATO May 18but continued militarization will have significant consequences, not only for Russia’s increased militarization as a counter, but also for economic and environmental treaties in the Arctic.

Dutch tanks drive through Norway in Cold Response 2016.

Dutch military forces participating in Cold Response 2016. Credit: Ministerie van Defensie/ Wikimedia Commons

There is great potential for economic activity in the Arctic region, as the melting of the sea ice improves access to fossil fuels, mineral resources, facilitates transport and the retreat of glaciers. exposes new areas for military bases. With growing economic potential, countries rushed to claim newly exposed routes and territories for themselves. While Cold Response itself is unlikely to increase tensions as it is a long-standing practice with high transparency, increased militarization on either side has the potential to cause problems. geopolitics.

Russian militarization in the Arctic has already increased significantly in recent years and continued militarization by other countries increases the risk of disrupting long-standing cooperation and joint governance in the Arctic. Russia has conducted numerous military exercises in the Arctic, and since 2014 it has built more than 475 new military structures. Moreover, Rasmus Bertelsen, a political scientist at the University of the Arctic in Norway, explains in an old GlacierHub article that the receding sea ice is opening up the Arctic to NATO forces, so Russia is looking to use new lands as an opportunity to broaden the scope of action. of its military forces to increase the defense of its nuclear weapons and submarines.

If militarization continues to increase, tensions and secrecy could increase the risk of miscommunication that jeopardizes cooperation and results in a breakdown of Arctic Council governance, crucial environmental treaties and other essential standards. The Arctic Council is an intergovernmental assembly of the 8 countries with Arctic territory. The forum cooperates to establish rules in the region and to solve problems such as economic territory, environmental protection and other regional problems. There has already been a rush for Arctic resources, particularly minerals and fossil fuels, due to volatile energy prices dependent on the geopolitical climate. Existing conflicts over territory, shipping routes and mineral resource claims are already testing the limits of the dispersed governance of the Arctic.

The Arctic Council is limited in its power and it is becoming more and more difficult to manage these conflicts. The Arctic, governed by treaties and intergovernmental organizations, has very limited powers to enforce specific directives and cannot resolve large-scale conflicts, especially those that may arise due to increased militarization.

The tensions that have resulted from a routine exercise like Cold Response demonstrate that the threat of militarization and conflict in the Arctic is becoming increasingly dangerous and complex as climate change alters glaciers and sea ​​ice in this remote region.

What’s really going on with revolving consumer credit?


Beyond some of the dodgy stuff in the headlines today.

By Wolf Richter for WOLF STREET.

Revolving credit balances in April, unadjusted for seasonality — so actual dollar balances — were $1.04 trillion, according to the Federal Reserve this afternoon. This includes credit card balances, personal loans, etc., and was up just 2.6% from April 2019.

Let that sink in for a moment: over a three-year period, revolving credit grew by only 2.6%, despite CPI inflation of 13% over those three years. In other words, revolving credit growth fell sharply in inflation-adjusted terms.

The huge dip between 2019 and today stems from the pandemic when consumers used their stimulus money to pay off their credit cards and when they cut spending on discretionary services, such as sporting and entertainment events, international travel or elective healthcare services such as cosmetic surgery. , visits to the dentist, etc. During this period, delinquencies dropped to record lows.

Revolving loan balances are barely above the highs of 2007 and 2008, despite 14 years of population growth and 40% CPI inflation in those years! In other words, revolving credit just isn’t the kind of problem it was in 2008. It’s a sideshow.

In terms of growth – in terms of additional borrowed money being spent in the economy – it was miniscule. There has actually been no growth since December. And after refunds in January and February, following the annual holiday shopping spree, total balances rose just $14 billion in March and $17 billion in April, for a total of 31 billions of dollars.

That $31 billion growth in March and April didn’t even offset the $32 billion in refunds in January and February. These are actual dollars, not seasonally adjusted notional dollars.

In terms of adding to the growth of the economy: total consumer spending is currently growing at an annual rate of $17 trillion, with a T. So what would be the additional spending growth resulting from the increase in revolving credit? It was a rhetorical question. It’s tiny.

Since 2019, consumer spending has increased by 19% and revolving credit has only increased by 2.9%, both non-inflation-adjusted by 13% over the period. In other words, revolving credit growth has been significantly below inflation and massively below consumer spending growth.

This shows that consumers rely less on revolving credit.

Credit cards and some types of personal loans, such as payday loans, are the most expensive forms of credit, and they often come with usurious interest rates. Credit card rates can exceed 30%. And the Americans have understood this. If they need to finance purchases, many consumers resort to cheaper loans, including cash refinancing of their mortgages.

And many, many consumers use their credit cards as means of payment, and they pay them off every month. This is what these relatively low balances show.

The beautiful seasonal adjustments.

Seasonal adjustments to the real dollar revolving loan balances are designed to correspond to the peak month of each year, which is December. In other words, there is no seasonal adjustment for December, but the other 11 months are always adjusted upwards, like every month was December at the height of the holiday shopping frenzy. And that creates the bizarre pattern where, for 11 months of the year, seasonal adjustments grossly overestimate the actual revolving credit balances.

In this graph, the green line represents the seasonally adjusted balances. Note how it overlaps every December. The red line represents actual balances, not seasonally adjusted. And note the crazy disconnect between the two lines over the past four months:

The consumer credit data the Federal Reserve released today was its limited monthly set, just two incomplete summary categories of a complex phenomenon: “revolving credit,” which I discussed above, and “non-revolving credit”, which is made up of car loans and student loans combined, but not separated, and does not include mortgages, HELOCs and other debts.

Individual car loan, student loan, mortgage and HELOC categories are only published quarterly by the New York Fed, and I’ve discussed that for the first quarter, covering all categories, including mortgages and HELOCs, and delinquency rates for each category, as well as collections, foreclosures, and third-party bankruptcies, as part of my quarterly review of consumer credit in America.

This quarterly data shows credit card balances by themselves, as well as other revolving consumer loans:

  • Credit card balances, at $840 billion in Q1, are back to where they were in Q1 2008 and lower in Q1 2020 and Q1 2019 (red line).
  • Other consumer loans (personal loans, personal loans, etc.), at $450 billion, were below levels well before the financial crisis (green line):

In other words, revolving consumer credit was roughly flat 13 years ago, despite 13 years of population growth and 40% inflation. In real and per capita terms, it has become a sideshow.

Of course, some people are in over their heads and they will fall behind. It always happens. But in the overall spectrum of credit risk, that’s not a big deal anymore. Consumers have become much smarter since the financial crisis. They borrow through much cheaper mortgages and car loans, and proportionally much less at those rip-off rates that come with credit cards and personal loans.

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Why buying sustainable seafood is the best way to save our oceans, says Bondi chef Guy Turland | Dinner: hope grows


Lobster is often on the menu at chef Guy Turland. Not because he’s a multi-millionaire – although his laid-back Bondi Beach cafe and restaurant, The Depot, is doing just fine, thanks for asking – but because the 36-year-old surfer, spearfisherman and freediver doesn’t like nothing more than going into the ocean and catching his own.

His other favorite sustainably caught seafood is trevally. “These are quite decadent and rich and refined ingredients,” he says after a busy Friday lunch service. “But being a restaurant owner, I’m going to take my wins where I can.”

The son of a builder, Turland grew up in Bowral, New South Wales, where he developed a deep understanding of where food comes from and who grows it. After moving to Sydney to start his career in hospitality, he fell in love with spearfishing, snorkeling and hunting for his own food, underwater.

“I think as soon as you start putting your head underwater and looking for your own fish, you get an understanding of the larger environment, where things are coming from and how everything has some sort of connection,” he said. “And certainly the fear of what might happen if that balance is completely ruined by bad practices and greed.”

The experience launched him on a journey to fight for a better ecological future, for future generations. “If we can leave the world better after we’re gone, we’ve done our job. And I think we all have a responsibility to do that.

Does sustainably caught seafood taste better? “I really believe it,” he said. “And I think the reason for that is that part of a sustainable practice is looking after these animals and making sure they were harvested quickly, responsibly and ethically. And when I say ethical… when a fish is brought up, it falls asleep as quickly as possible. In that process, if it’s not cared for, if it’s in pain, if there’s a long, terrible experience for that animal, all those hormones go into the flesh itself. And I believe it changes the flavor.

Turland’s outspoken passion for sustainable seafood quickly caught the attention of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) – an international non-profit organization that recognizes and rewards efforts to protect the oceans and preserve the supply of seafood. of the sea for the future – and he says the relationship he has had with the MSC over the past two years has flourished. “It’s something I’m really proud to be a part of.”

Turland’s sustainable philosophy also extends beyond the fish on a plate. Whether

it’s about buying ethical ingredients, carrying a reusable coffee cup, not using plastic or picking up plastic litter when he sees it, says Turland, it’s about trying. “We can’t expect people to be perfect,” he says. Better millions of people who do sustainable development imperfectly than a handful who do it perfectly.

Sustainability extends to all facets of Turland’s life, including her pets. He says he was already feeding his two rescue cats, Nim and Spike, quality pet food when he noticed Dine (owned by Mars Petcare Australia) had produced a new high quality product with a tick mark. MSC Blue (a packaging brand that certifies ingredients include sustainable seafood caught from healthy wild fish populations). It was obvious to change.

“And they love it, to be honest,” he laughs. “We feed them every morning, every afternoon, then we dry the kibble in between. Where we can make small changes, I think we should. And switching from non-sustainable cat food to sustainable cat food, it has no impact on my life, it doesn’t make my life more difficult, but I know it makes a difference.

Guy takes the intimidation out of smoking fish at home with this smoked salmon recipe.

At this year’s MSC Sustainable Seafood Awards Australia, DineⓇ Fresh & Fine Adult Wet Cat Food in Tuna & Salmon Jelly was co-winner in the Best Sustainable Seafood category. This is not the first time that Dine has been recognized for supporting our oceans, and is part of the brand’s ongoing partnership with the MSC as well as its campaign to promote reef restoration and sustainable fishing.

It may just be cat food, but it’s an important example of what Turland sees as essential to ensuring our oceans remain viable and protected for future generations. “I don’t know about you, but I don’t want my money going to someone destroying the ocean, I want to make sure my hard-earned money is supporting a sustainable and beneficial system.”

So the next time you go to the supermarket, look for sustainably sourced ingredients and talk to your fishmonger. “The more you ask this question, ‘Is my seafood sustainable and where does it come from?’, the more the whole system is likely to change,” says Turland. “Because at the end of the day, it’s the consumer who drives it.”

Dine runs the largest coral reef conservation project in the world. Learn more.

climate change will accelerate this


Oceans and coasts have been subject to human activity for centuries. But the effects of human activity on the oceans are now more widespread, with the resulting changes happening faster than ever.

It’s hard to find a place in the ocean that hasn’t been invaded by an alien species. Maritime transport contributes greatly to this process, as more than 90% of world trade is carried out by sea.

The marine environment is also changing: temperatures, salinity, chemistry, sea level, ice content and ocean weather patterns are all being altered due to climate change. These changes in ocean environments are bound to affect biological invasions.

In a recent article, we explored the implications of climate change throughout the invasion process. We have found that climate change is likely to lead to more marine invasions because it will change which species are moved, how they are moved and where they are moved.

On top of that, climate change will alter where alien and native species are most likely to survive and spread. Climate change essentially makes marine invasions less predictable. The patterns and processes that underpinned invasions in the past cannot be transferred to future invasions.

And this should lead to a consequent decline in the ecosystem services that people currently receive from the ocean.

The main drivers

Navigation is the main invasion route for marine species. Climate change will affect shipping by altering weather patterns, sea conditions, melting ice, and more frequent extreme weather events. Some of the current shipping routes will become unviable in terms of safety or cost. This will change transport routes, destinations and transit times. This will ultimately impact how, when and where alien species are transported and introduced by ships.

For example, the melting of the Arctic ice cap will allow about 5% of world trade to use new shipping routes through the North Pole. These new shipping routes will increase connectivity between Europe and Asia and subsequently reduce transit times by up to 40%.

The implications for alien species are twofold: first, there will be greater mixing of European and Asian marine species; and second, shortened transit times will likely increase the survival of transported organisms.

Changes in global trade, industries and tourism are also expected to affect traffic volumes and therefore the volume of alien species that are unintentionally transported and introduced. For example, with increased traffic in the Arctic, fewer ships will use other routes. This will displace the volume of alien species that are transported and introduced to different regions.

It is difficult to know exactly how this will play out in Africa as research on the implications of climate change for African shipping routes and the consequential effects on the volumes of alien species transported and introduced into African ports is lacking.

Marine agriculture is another area we have identified as a source of major change. Many exotic marine species are intentionally imported for cultivation. As climates change, sea conditions may become less optimal for traditionally farmed species. Operations will likely shift to using new species that are productive under changed environmental conditions. Or industries may move to new locations. The oyster industry along the west coast of North America is a prime example.

Ocean acidification in this area has caused such high mortalities of Pacific oyster larvae (Crassostrea gigas) that nearly all oyster farming in the Pacific Northwest has failed. Many farmers have now moved their operations to Hawaii, where conditions are more favorable. While this is good for oyster production, it has increased the risk of invasion Hawaii faces.

At present, there is not enough information available to see if similar situations could occur along African coasts. However, as the livelihoods of many Africans depend on marine agriculture, it is essential to improve our understanding of how ocean conditions may change in mariculture hotspots and what the implications may be for communities. cultivated species.

Interactions between exotic and native species will be impacted.
Nicole Martin

The third driver we identified was habitat modification.

To become a successful invader, an alien species must survive and establish a population in the new environment. Then the species must spread to the new region. The ability of introduced species to do these things is influenced by both the environment and the interactions between exotic and native species.

As climate change continues to alter ocean temperatures and chemistry (eg ocean acidification), previously unsuitable habitats are expected to become suitable for newly arriving, established or expanding alien species.

Alternatively, changing ocean conditions may become less optimal for some native species. For example, the native brown mussel (perna perna) has retracted its range along the southern coast of South Africa in response to declining seawater temperatures.

It is still very difficult to anticipate how a particular species (exotic or native) may be affected by an environmental change. Indeed, each species will respond based on its ability to tolerate or adapt to new conditions.

The effects of environmental changes will affect interactions between exotic and native species. This is problematic because sometimes native species out-compete and out-predict exotic species, preventing them from becoming invasive. Alternatively, the absence of predation and competition by native species can help exotic species to establish and spread. For example, invasions of the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis), the bisexual mussel (Semimytilus patagonicus) and the common acorn barnacle (balanus glandule) in South Africa are all unhindered due to predators such as the Ringed Dogwhelk (Cingulate trochia) exerting low predation pressure on them.

Knowledge gaps

There are still serious knowledge gaps that prevent a better understanding of how climate change will affect biological invasions. These shortcomings are evident, for example, in:

  • Taxonomy – cryptic invasions often go unrecognized when an alien species is misidentified as a native species.

  • Natural history – the life history traits of alien species are rarely quantified.

  • Ecology – species ranges are often not georeferenced or routinely monitored.

  • Invasion biology – sometimes we don’t know if a species is native or alien.

  • Physiological tolerances of native and exotic species.

  • Basic environmental data in many regions.

These uncertainties make it increasingly difficult for managers, conservationists and policy makers to anticipate and therefore prevent invasions.

Our ability to effectively manage invasive species will depend on the proactive and adaptive nature of our prevention, eradication, containment and mitigation measures. These need to consider how climate change affects the movement of alien species, fitness at the species level, and understand how climate change affects interactions between groups of species.

There is only one Earth… and it needs you!


Earlier this month, the devastating video footage of the Hassanabad Bridge collapse along the Karakoram highway in the Hunza Valley surfaced on the internet. The video showed the historic bridge collapsing from the flood, which also damaged homes, buildings and two nearby power stations. The flooding was caused by unprecedented heat waves that melted the ice on Shisper Glacier, creating a flooded lake.

As sad as anyone must have felt watching the video, no one can imagine what the locals must be going through. These people went on with their lives and suddenly their homes were destroyed, through no real fault of their own.

We have been feeling the effects of climate change for many years and these have become even worse over the past five years. In Pakistan, we have faced catastrophic floods, droughts and cyclones that have killed and displaced thousands of people, destroyed livelihoods and damaged infrastructure. Heat waves melt glaciers and kill many innocent people, stray animals and birds in metropolises. Melting Himalayan glaciers are causing severe water stress and reduced hydropower. There is food insecurity due to declining crop and livestock production, increased prevalence of pests and weeds, which causes food to spike. There is degradation of ecosystems; Loss of biodiversity; and the northward shift of some biomes. Additionally, in terms of green space, higher temperatures can affect the composition, distribution and productivity of mangroves, while lower rainfall can contribute to salt stress.

There is only one Earth… and it needs you!

It is also regrettable that the prospect of these and other natural disasters is likely to increase in frequency and severity over the coming decades. It is a stark reminder that Pakistan is one of the few countries most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Scientists have long predicted that higher temperatures caused by climate change will have the greatest impact on the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people. According to Time, a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found that in most poor countries, higher temperatures are more than 90% likely to have led to lower economic output, compared to a world without global warming. Meanwhile, the effect has been less dramatic in wealthier countries – some even potentially benefiting from higher temperatures. Another research from Stanford University indicates that the gap between the world’s poorest and richest countries is about 25% larger today than it would have been without global warming. The researchers say there is evidence that work productivity decreases at elevated temperatures, cognitive performance decreases at elevated temperatures, and interpersonal conflict also increases at elevated temperatures. The study also showed that growth accelerated in cold countries in warmer than average years, while in hot countries it slowed down.

It is completely unfair that, while the wealthiest countries are the biggest aggravators of climate change, it is the developing countries that will suffer the worst. In many parts of the world, the financially poorest communities already struggle with poor housing infrastructure and are vulnerable to weather damage. Overwhelmingly, extreme weather events exacerbate societal and systemic inequalities that are already deep.

Whenever something like this happens, we can think for a moment and come up with different ideas on what can be done to make things better. Do you think of stronger policies that encourage and implement green practices in terms of transport, industrial processes or daily life? Plant more trees? Reduce and eventually eliminate the use and production of plastic? Recycling? The list can go on and these are all great suggestions. And I think many of us are probably well aware of the amount of things we can do to reduce the effects of our carbon footprint. But do we really do them?

Governments and multinational corporations actually run on the exploitation of the planet’s resources while every young individual is afraid of their future. Stakeholders know that the world’s youth are being crushed by economic pressures, yet they continue to promote their capitalist agenda.

There is only one Earth… and it needs you!

What I have understood so far is that the problem is not just to formulate political or scientific solutions or the lack thereof. It’s the lack of motivation to do it. We’re all running out of time, because in the end, it’s just one planet. The rich can fantasize about creating a spaceship that can save them and sustain life if/when Earth meets its fate or if they could move to Mars which isn’t really a practical or good solution market. When all they have to do is stop and think about the consequences of their actions; in other words, to have “compassion”.

We lose our compassion… for each other, for living beings in general, even though it happens to be a crucial part of our being. It is an important construct that is rarely taken into account in the fight against climate change, but its impact on inducing change should not be underestimated. American activist Joan Halifax once said, “We live in a time when science is validating what humans have known through the ages: that compassion is not a luxury; it is a necessity for our well-being, our resilience and our survival. So, could considering the impact of climate change on those most affected lead to a change in the hearts and minds of individuals? Absolutely!

This concept is now referred to as “green compassion”. Green living is about personal sacrifice, changing our way of life and what we are willing to give for what we believe. A green lifestyle relates to how we feel about ourselves and our feelings of compassion for our planet and our fellow human beings. At a glance, philanthropy may not seem directly related to environmental conservation, but it’s all interconnected. The Earth’s resources are sufficient for everyone, but they are unevenly distributed. If we were constantly aware of the fact that we are an integral part of life itself and that we are responsible for it, things would be very different around us. For example, when we talk about saving energy, it shouldn’t be limited to our homes. This should apply to the homes we visit and even our offices. Resources such as water, gas, fuel and electricity (produced by non-renewable sources) are limited and should be used with caution. The use of plastic and the waste of paper are also among the things that we can now easily control. Once we start thinking about these little things in our lives, only then would we be able to make a bigger change. Earth is the only planet we have and we are responsible for taking care of it. Actions driven by the powerful emotion could bring about significant changes for the Earth!

The author can be contacted at [email protected]

Florida Digital Lending Market Growth Prospects, Major Vendors, Future Scenario Forecast to 2027 – mbu timeline


According to the Market Statsville Group (MSG), the Florida Digital Lending Market it is estimated that the size goes from $5.2 billion in 2021 at $18.1 billion by 2030at CAGR of 16.9% from 2022 to 2030. Consistent credit approval process, secure and privacy features, less time-consuming and instant decision-making options are some of the major advantages of digital lending solutions and services in the market. Many lenders determine a borrower’s creditworthiness based on scores from the Fair Isaac Corporation (FICO) in Florida. Also, FICO scores have different names at each of the three major US credit reporting companies, namely Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion.

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In Florida, customers are increasingly requesting short-term and long-term loans for their personal and business needs. Additionally, a massive increase in internet usage among individuals and easier access to loans from lending companies are driving the growth of government digital lending solutions. However, lending institutions charge a high rate of interest for various loan amounts, which is the main factor hindering the growth of the market.

Digital Lending Market Definition

Digital lending involves offering loans online and allows borrowers to apply for loans using laptops or smartphones over the internet. With many advantages over the traditional lending process, individuals and businesses are opting for digital lending services.

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Florida Digital Lending Market Dynamics

Drivers: Rise in Need and Adoption of Digital Lending Solutions in the State

In Florida, consumers are increasingly asking for short-term and long-term loans for their personal and business needs. Additionally, the massive increase in internet usage among individuals and easier access to loans available through online applications are driving the growth of digital lending solutions in the state. Moreover, digital lending services allow consumers to change their lifestyle and standard of living by helping them financially. Also, an increase in government initiatives for digital lending and an increase in the number of consumers taking out loans from digital lenders to establish their own business and increase their standard of living, which is propelling the growth of the market.

Constraints: High interest on small amounts and shorter repayment term provided by lenders

Lending institutions charge a high rate of interest for different loan amounts, which is the main factor hindering the growth of the market. Also, loan companies mainly focus on increasing their revenue due to which their repayment term is short for sanctioned loan amount. In addition, credit institutions borrow large sums of money from various banks and other institutes. Interest rates charged on loan amounts are generally high, which limits the growth of the digital loan market in Florida.

Florida Digital Lending Market Segmentation

The study categorizes the digital loan market based on loan type, provider type, loan amount, and end users..

Outlook by loan type (Sales/Revenue, USD million, 20172030)

  • Payday loans
  • Personal loans
  • SME Focused Loans

By type of Outlook provider (Sales/Revenue, USD million, 20172030)

  • Banks
  • credit unions
  • FinTech Institutions
  • Others

Outlook by Loan Amount (Sales/Revenue, USD million, 20172030)

  • Less than $500
  • $500 to $4,999
  • $5,000 to $10,000
  • Over 10,000

From end-user perspectives (Sales/Revenue, USD million, 20172030)

  • People
  • Contractors
  • SME

The personal loan segment expected to account for the largest market share, by loan type

On the basis of loan type, the Florida digital loan market is segmented into payday loans, personal loans, and SME loans.. In 2021, the personal loan segment accounted for the largest market share of 50.1% in the Florida digital loan market. A personal loan is a lump sum of money that an individual borrows from a bank, credit union, online lender, financial institution, and others.

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Personal loans allow users to make smarter financial decisions by highlighting spending trends, helping manage debt repayment, and tracking financial goals. Additionally, individuals are resorting to personal loans to easily manage emergency financial crises, enabling effective planning and management of monetary cash inflows and outflows, thus driving the adoption of digital lending services in this segment. Additionally, following the COVID-19 pandemic, in May 2020, a study conducted by TransUnion, an American consumer credit reporting agency, reported that Florida had 10.35%, which is the highest percentage of personal loans compared to Colorado and New York States.

Key Market Players in Florida Digital Lending Market

The main competitors in the digital loan market in Florida are:

These players have adopted various strategies to gain higher shares or retain leading positions in the market. Product launch, agreement and partnership are the strategies most adopted by these players. The best winning strategies are analyzed by performing an in-depth study of the key players in the Florida Digital Loans market. A comprehensive analysis of recent developments and growth charts of various companies helps in understanding the growth strategies adopted by them and their potential effect on the market.

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Model identifies glaciers at risk of collapse due to climate change


As climate change warms the planet, glaciers are melting faster. Many will collapse by the end of the century, dramatically raising sea levels and flooding coastal cities and island nations.

A University of California, Berkeley scientist has now created an improved model of glacier movement that could help determine which Arctic and Antarctic glaciers are most likely to rapidly slide downwards and fall into the ice. ‘ocean.

The new model, published in the journal The Cryosphere, incorporates the effects of meltwater that infiltrates the base of a glacier and lubricates its downward flow. The model predicts that the most vulnerable glaciers are the thickest with a faster flow history. The research is supported by the US National Science Foundation.

“The model suggests that thick, fast-flowing glaciers are more sensitive to lubrication than thin, slow-moving glaciers,” Whyjay Zheng said. “Data from Greenland’s glaciers support this new finding, indicating that these fast, thick glacial beasts may be more unstable than we thought under global warming.”

Zheng built the new model to incorporate a mechanism that has become more prominent with global warming: meltwater penetrating to the bottom of glaciers and lubricating their downward motion across bedrock.

The Arctic and Antarctica have warmed more than the rest of the world – in March, Antarctica recorded record temperatures of 70 F above normal, while parts of the Arctic were warmer by more than 60 F than the average. Warmer weather is causing meltwater lakes to form on many glaciers. Lakes can break through the bottom of glaciers by a process called hydrofracture, flowing to the bottom of glaciers through crevices.

Glaciologists have already seen that the speeding up and slowing down of glaciers is linked to what happens at the front of the glaciers, where the ice melts into the ocean and meets warmer waters. When the front melts, or collapses, into the ocean, the remaining parts tend to accelerate.

Basal lubrication by meltwater appears to create a feedback loop that accelerates glaciers that have already accelerated for other reasons, such as terminal changes. “This is because thicker glaciers are more slippery, leading to more melting, then more slip, and so on,” said Maria Womack, program director in NSF’s Division of Atmospheric and Geospatial Sciences. .

Zheng added that “in Greenland, the speed of a glacier seems to be mainly controlled by the position of the terminus. If the terminus recedes, the glacier will accelerate; if the terminus advances, the glacier will slow down.

“People think that’s probably the main reason why glaciers in Greenland can speed up or slow down. But now we’re starting to think there’s another, maybe faster way to slow down or speed up. glaciers: basal lubrication”.

Zheng wrote and ran his model using Jupyter Notebook, a publicly available online interactive computing platform.

This news content was set up by WebWire’s editorial staff. Linking is allowed.

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Which is colder: the North Pole or the South Pole?


The North Pole and the South Pole are the coldest places in Earth. However, as similar as these areas may seem, one is much more icy than the other.

So which pole is the coldest?

The North Pole and South Pole are cold because their positions at the top and bottom of the planet mean they do no direct light (opens in a new tab) of the sun. At both places, the Sun still rests low on the horizon, even in the midst of their summers. During their wintersthe sun is so far below the horizon that it does not rise for months at a time.

In addition, the white surfaces of ice and snow at the poles are highly reflective. This means that most of the energy from sunlight that reaches them bounces back out into space, keeping the air above these surfaces relatively cool.

Related: Why are there no polar bears in Antarctica?

While these factors make both poles downright cold, the South Pole remains noticeably colder than the North Pole, according to the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (opens in a new tab). The average annual temperature at the North Pole is minus 40 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 40 degrees Celsius) in winter and 32 F (0 C) in summer. In contrast, the South Pole averages are much colder, with an average annual temperature of minus 76 F (minus 60 C) in winter and minus 18 F (minus 28.2 C) in winter. summer.

Arctic vs Antarctica

The main reason why the South Pole is colder than the North Pole is the key difference between them. “The North Pole is an ocean and the South Pole is a continent,” Robin Bell, polar scientist at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in New York, told Live Science.

The Arctic is an ocean surrounded by land. Antarctica is a land surrounded by ocean. Water cools and warms more slowly than land, resulting in fewer temperature extremes. Even when the Arctic Ocean is covered in ice, the relatively warm temperature of its waters has a moderating effect on the climate, helping the Arctic to stay warmer than the Antarctic.

Moreover, while the Arctic is at sea level, Antarctic is the highest continent, with an average elevation of around 7,500 feet (2,300 meters). The higher you go, the colder it gets.

Which pole has more ice?

Notice how the South Pole is on a continent, while the North Pole is located in an ocean. (Image credit: dikobraziy via Getty Images)

At the North and South Poles, ice cover varies throughout the year, growing during the long, dark winters and melting during the getting hotter are.

Most of this variation in ice cover at the North and South Poles is due to sea ​​ice which floats, grows and melts above the ocean. Since the Arctic is almost entirely landlocked, the sea ice that forms there is not as mobile as Antarctic sea ice. As such, Arctic sea ice is more likely to converge, which generally makes Arctic sea ice thicker at around 6 to 9 feet (2 to 3 m) thick compared to Antarctic sea ice, which is about 3 to 6 feet (1 to 2 m) thick, depending on the National Snow and Ice Data Center (opens in a new tab) (NSIDC).

On average, Arctic sea ice reaches a minimum extent of about 2.5 million square miles (6.5 million square kilometers) and a maximum extent of 6 million square miles (15.6 million square kilometers), the NSIDC (opens in a new tab) said. In comparison, on average, Antarctic sea ice has a smaller minimum extent of 1.2 million square miles (3.1 million sq km) and a larger maximum extent of 7.2 million square miles (18.8 million square km).

Related: What is the coldest city in the world?

Yet, on average, there is no doubt that the South Pole has more total ice than the North Pole. That’s because the South Pole is home to land ice in addition to its sea ice – the Antarctic Ice Sheet is up to 3 miles (4.8 km) thick and covers around 5.3 million square miles ( 13.7 million square km), in the area of ​​the Contiguous United States and Mexico (opens in a new tab) combined, according to national science foundation (opens in a new tab). In total, Antarctica holds around 90% of all the ice in the world.

“The volume and mass of ice on land changes little in summer as a fraction of the amount in winter because volume and mass are so large,” said Cecilia Bitz, a polar climatologist at the University of Washington in Seattle. .

Surveys of the amount of ice at the poles have revealed that the thickness and extent of summer sea ice in the Arctic have has decreased significantly over the past 30 years (opens in a new tab). This is consistent with observations of Arctic warming.

“Arctic and Greenland ice is rapidly shrinking primarily due to global warming“, Bitz told Live Science. “And shrinking Arctic sea ice tends to cause even more warming, amplifying the warming that triggers ice loss. ”

In contrast, “sea ice loss around Antarctica and glacial land ice loss over Antarctica have seen mixed changes, ups and downs, over the past 40 years when we have had reasonably good records,” Bitz noted. “The climate dynamics of Antarctica are more complicated because air and ocean circulation are very important factors there.”

Originally posted on Live Science.

Stellar Jumps, Sprints and Hoodies


Covering athletics isn’t supposed to hurt, but here I’m treating a swollen knee and it wasn’t for any kind of exertion.

The AA and A state championships on the Merrifield track at Bulldog Memorial Stadium last weekend didn’t disappoint otherwise: the Whitefish girls dispatched coach Kelliann Blackburn to win, and the Glacier boys nearly did the same for their now former trainer, Arron Deck.

The 100 meters remains the must-have race of all competitions, and the boys’ 100 meters did not disappoint. Especially if you were a Missoula Sentinel Spartan.

Checking Hudson Lembke’s season stats on athletic.net, it should perhaps have come as no surprise that he won the sprint and pushed the Spartans into an insurmountable lead.

It was the fifth time the sophomore won the 100 meters this spring, in 10 starts. He finished second on two other occasions: ahead of junior Helena Capital Thomas Carter at the Pilcher Top 10, and two days later ahead of junior Glacier Jackson Hensley at the April 28 Wolfpack Triangle.

Based on the standings, I had Glacier nickel-and-diming the sprints and high and long jumps and scoring 78 points, which would be enough to win.

The Pack scored 80; Sentinel, projected to 73 points, got 89. The Spartans came to play and managed to dispatch their coach with the big trophy: 406mtsports.com reported on Saturday that Craig Mettler was in the assistant manager position.

Once and forever a defensive tackle from Griz, Mettler came to Sentinel in 2009. He leaves with three straight boys’ championships (skipping the canceled pandemic in 2019) and three women’s titles in 2017-18 and 2021.

Deck, meanwhile, earned a state title and a pair of trophies in 14 seasons with the Pack.

“The sun has to go down at some point on everyone,” Mettler said, but don’t tell Dan Hodge, whose 50th season as Flathead Boys coach came to a strong finish. Don’t tell that to Sue Loeffler, whose Bigfork charges brought home third-place trophies from the State B encounter.

Hats off to George Bucklin of the Vikings. Shelby standout Rhett Reynolds has lost two high jump competitions all season, at the Archie Roe Invitational and State B. Bucklin got it both times, the latter with a record 6-foot-7 career inches.

The Braves scored just five points statewide in 2021, then this year literally moved up to seventh out of 16 teams. Most of the 30 points came in the triple jump and the long jump. Dylan Zink was second in both and pushed Glacier’s Tate Kauffman in the first.

Zink and Kauffman are both seniors, and it would behoove someone from the Frontier Conference to take on Zink. Kauffman signed with Carroll; it would be nice if their duels could continue.

As nice as the Braves’ Hodge hoodies? Maybe. The tops stood out not only because they were snow white, but also because their longtime coach’s photo adorned the front.

It’s not my biggest takeout from State, but I’m sure they should be on sale at Universal. I would hobble and buy one.

Fritz Neighbor can be reached at 758-4463 or [email protected]

South Street Seaport Museum announces free screening of award-winning documentary MAIDEN


The South Street Seaport Museum announces a free screening of the award-winning documentary Maiden on Monday, June 13, 2022 at 6:30 p.m. on Pier 17 Rooftop (89 South Street). The evening will include a panel discussion before the film and a question-and-answer session after the film. For more information and to reserve your free tickets, visit seaportmuseum.org/maiden.

Maiden tells the incredible true story of Tracy Edwards, who assembled the first all-female crew to compete in the 1989 Whitbread Around the World Race, considered one of the most dangerous sailing competitions in the world. During their journey, Tracy and her crew not only conquered waves and fifty-foot icebergs, but also fought off a storm of sexism, doubt, and attacks from her male competitors and the press. Maiden is a film about guts and the power of determination, about how when we are allowed to believe in ourselves great things are possible.

Arrive early for a panel discussion with star Tracy Edwards, her daughter, Mackenna Edwards-Mair, and members of the Maiden team as they discuss past and present challenges for women in a predominantly male sport. A brief question and answer session will follow the screening for those who wish to stay.

“At 26, I was captain of the yacht Maiden, with the first all-female crew to circumnavigate the globe,” said Tracy Edwards, MBE and founder of The Maiden Factor Foundation. “We were told we couldn’t do it, but we showed what a level playing field sailing is. Now I make it my mission to champion girls’ education around the world.”

About Tracy Edwards

Tracy Edwards was kicked out of school at 15 and started sailing as a ship’s cook. Tracy overcame chronic seasickness to become a professional sailor in 1980 and embarked on her first Whitbread Round the World Race 1985-86 as the first girl to race on a Maxi when she joined ‘Atlantic Privateer’ as a crew member. Tracy rose to international fame in 1990 as skipper of the first all-female crew to circumnavigate the globe in the 1989/90 WRTWR race. Maiden won two races and finished second overall in her class, the best result for a British boat since 1977 and unbeaten to date. Tracy received an MBE and became the first woman in its 34-year history to receive the Yachtsman of the Year trophy. After her success with Maiden, Tracy decided to cement her position as one of the world’s top female sailors by competing again in the Jules Verne Trophy non-stop round the world record in 1998 with an all-female crew. She was well on course for the record over half their course, but was thwarted by treacherous seas off the coast of Chile and her mast snapped in two. During their attempt, Tracy and her team broke 7 world records. Tracy retired from sailing around the world two years later while pregnant with her daughter Mackenna, and published her second book “Living Every Second”. In 2000/01 she created and led the world’s first equally mixed professional record and racing crew with Maiden II. The team broke many world records, including record 24 which became the fastest record in the world. In 2014, Maiden was found rotting in the Seychelles and raised funds to save her and bring her home to the UK and restore her former glory. The Maiden Factor was created to raise awareness and funds for the education of the 130 million girls around the world who are currently denied this fundamental right. Maiden is now on a three-year world tour to raise money for her charity The Maiden Factor Foundation and to encourage girls to pursue STEM subjects to broaden their career choices. Maiden is a global ambassador for empowering girls through education.

About South Street Seaport Museum

The South Street Seaport Museum, located in the heart of the historic New York Harbor district, preserves and interprets New York’s history as a great seaport. Founded in 1967, the museum houses an extensive collection of artwork and artifacts, a maritime reference library, exhibition galleries and educational spaces, 19th-century print shops and an active fleet of historic ships that all work to tell the story of “Where New York Begins.” www.southstreetseaportmuseum.org

Space Center Houston’s Moon 2 Mars Festival Will Show NASA’s Fun Side


Astrolab Rover at Space Center Houston’s Moon 2 Mars Exhibit

Photo: Houston Space Center

Over the next few years, humans will resume regular flights to the Moon, both with a view to long-term residency on the lunar surface and to use the Moon as a launchpad for manned missions to Mars. The Artemis I mission, a test flight for NASA’s new multipurpose Orion spacecraft, could take place by Labor Day if things go according to plan.

Such activity, however, could come as a surprise to much of the general public, as “our surveys have shown that people believe individuals have been to the moon since the end of the Apollo program, which we know is not true,” says William T. Harris, CEO of Space Center Houston.

“Our goal, really, is to raise awareness about these moon return plans,” he adds, “but also to make people aware of all the innovations that are happening in the Houston area and across the state of Texas.”

To that end, Space Center Houston, the public arm of Johnson Space Center – and one of the Houston area’s top tourist attractions – has created the Moon Festival March 2 to combine the latest space technology with a festival at the ‘Ancient. fun: live music, food and drink, an ice cream truck, the works. The center will be open for extended hours June 10-12; all of its regular attractions will also be available. Adult tickets are $39.95 per day, a $10 increase over regular admission.

“We’re not doing this because we’re looking to make money,” says Harris, who credits presenting sponsor Wellby (formerly JSC Credit Union) with helping to keep the festival’s price tag affordable. “Our goal is to create a really exciting learning experience that’s great fun for people of all ages and to introduce something that audiences don’t usually get to experience in this region.”

Among the range of space-centric attractions will be a special exhibition based on the Artemis program, a robot challenge course, game-like computer-assisted challenges and – for a limited number of guests – a pilotable rover prototype. Friday and Saturday nights will end with concerts respectively featuring roots-pop singer Katie Toupin (“Astronaut”) and another yet-to-be-named artist – health reasons have forced the country star Texan Aaron Watson to cancel last week – and “Trampoline” alt – pop trio Shaed opening for “Best Day of My Life” rockers American Authors.

On June 9, a business-to-business conference will serve as something of a prelude to the festival, highlighting what Harris calls the “booming” space-related sector of the Houston-area economy. Companies like Ad Astra, which explores the energy potential of electric plasma; and Intuitive Machines, makers of a robotic lander to search for ice under the moon’s south pole, are doing amazing things but not getting much attention, he thinks.

Moon Festival March 2

When: June 9-12; June 9 is the business-to-business conference

Where: Houston Space Center, 1601 E. NASA Parkway, Clear Lake

Details: $39.95 per day; 281-244-2100; spacecenter.org

“That’s our goal for this festival, hopefully people will be excited, excited, to see the possibilities,” Harris said.

One of the festival’s most popular attractions could easily be Blue Origin’s New Shepard Astronaut Training Module, which brings up an interesting point about the relationship between NASA and the private companies that help push the boundaries of exploration. spatial. The billionaire exploits of Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos and SpaceX mastermind Elon Musk may have created the image of private space travel as a playground for the wealthy, but the reality is more complicated.

“What’s so shocking is that if you visit our Saturn V rocket here at Space Center Houston, it’s taller than the Statue of Liberty, and everything was thrown away except for the capsule,” says Harris. “Everything was single use.” However, the development of craft like the New Shepard and SpaceX’s Dragon “dramatically reduced the cost of reusable technology hardware,” Harris adds.

Space travel has captured the imagination of people around the world for generations and is now at the dawn of a new era. For Harris, the Moon March 2 festival is a perfect way to get people excited about all that’s happening in the burgeoning field — and have them have a good time while they’re at it.

“I always tell my team that it’s no coincidence that Hollywood makes films related to space exploration every year,” he says. “They don’t do it because it’s a subject they find interesting; they do it because the public is interested. Audiences want to fantasize about the possibilities of going to space… so I think the big appeal here is that we can help bring their space aspirations and fantasies to life.

Chris Gray is a Galveston-based writer.

How 50ft Hybrid Cruiser ‘Kvitbjørn’ Could Change Boating – Robb Report


Traveling to the northernmost human settlement on Earth to do a boat test, a few hundred miles from the North Pole, seems like overkill. Unless you’re testing a boat-motor package that could seriously advance sustainable boating over the next five years.

Also, how can you refuse a test on a boat named Kvitbjorn– translated from Norwegian to polar bear – in some of the most beautiful and remote waters in the world?

Robb Report was one of the first publications invited to test the 50-foot Marell M15, an aluminum-hulled vessel originally designed as a fast patrol vessel for cruising in arctic waters, where water temperatures regularly drop to about 28.4 degrees Fahrenheit, or freezing. With its one-of-a-kind diesel-electric hybrid propulsion, Kvitbjorn will be used as a high-end tourist vessel to transport guests around the local ice floes and explore the fjords in “silent” mode.

Kvitbjorn next to a wall of sea ice. The boat can cruise in electric mode for five hours.

Courtesy of Volvo Penta

We had been warned to bring boots, parkas, balaclavas and heated gloves for the test as the wind chill had hit 30 below the previous week. At the docks in Longyearbyan, Svalbard, the main settlement of the Arctic Ocean island archipelago, other boats had large ice cubes hanging from the hulls. By early May, the rest of the world was thawing out, but local tour groups were still driving snowmobiles and dog sleds across the white tundra. The fjords around us were white, magnificent.

Kvitbjorn was originally planned to be powered by three to five high-powered outboards, which would give her an impressive speed of 55 mph. But it wouldn’t be the most carbon-efficient boat in an archipelago that has been preserved by an international treaty to allow its reindeer, sea lions, walruses and polar bears to avoid the environmental degradation of the rest of the planet.

    Kvitbjørn test in Svalbard

The Marell M15 was originally designed as a high-speed patrol boat for the choppy waters of Scandinavia.

Courtesy of Volvo Penta

It’s a magical place, we soon discovered it, sailing from the village of about 2,000 people towards the empty waters and the arid landscape. At the edge of a glacier, the ocean had a crystalline formation of ice across the surface, creating a beautiful symmetrical pattern. Farther out, a wall of sea ice blocked the channel to a fjord, and beyond that a walrus was sunning itself on land.

As well as reducing carbon emissions, the idea behind electric-diesel hybrid propulsion was that you could leisurely cruise on battery power for hours at a time. This allows the ship to enter environmentally sensitive areas.

Kvitbjørn test helm station in Svalbard

The integrated system allows automatic switching between normal propulsion and “silent” electric mode.

Courtesy of Volvo Penta

“We decided to move away from speedboats due to the expectations of our customers, who want the whole trip on the boat to be more sustainable,” said Tore Hoem, director of adventures at Hurtigruten Svalbard, the tourism company who ordered Kvitbjorn– who had, just a day earlier, been delivered and was now officially Hoem’s baby.

Volvo worked with Sweden’s Marell Boats to create this one-of-a-kind hybrid package, incorporating twin D4 33-DPI engines with two 70kW electric motors powered by 1000kW battery packs. The most difficult task had been to reconfigure the rear part of the boat to make room for the huge batteries. There were also new technologies that needed to be developed because of the icy waters in the area. Battery compartments, for example, had to be heated rather than cooled, as they would in warmer climates.

    Kvitbjørn test in Svalbard

Residents of Svalbard include colonies of walruses.

Courtesy of Volvo Penta

“If it works here, it will work anywhere,” Hoem said. The new system worked very well. We spent a few hours crossing the archipelago, then idling around the mouth of the fjord, hoping to catch a glimpse of the ever-elusive polar bear. While there are 3,000 in the archipelago, and residents are required by law to carry a gun outside of town in case they are attacked, although sightings are rare.

When we got closer to land, Hoem put it on silent, which wasn’t exactly silent. The idea is for the boat to operate quietly, so guests can enjoy the wilderness without any signs of human intrusion. But Volvo technicians, who had never heard the boat running in silent mode, were startled by the noise of the gears driving the electric motors. It wasn’t as loud as with the diesels, of course, but it was annoying.

Yet there was nothing quite like being in this winter wonderland, a small research vessel being the only other boat in sight, and the tundra just beyond. The sun was out, and with no wind, it was rather warm while bundled up outside on the cockpit, although my fingers started going numb within a minute when I took the gloves off for the photos. So maybe it wasn’t that hot. But it was an incredible feeling to navigate in this desert.

Kvitbjørn test in Svalbard

Just another boat test in the arctic sea.

Courtesy of Volvo Penta

The difference between Kvitbjorn and other diesel-electric propulsion systems on board other yachts is that this is not a unique case. It’s the first in what Volvo expects will be a long line of hybrid vessels that will use its systems, not just the motor/battery combo, but a whole integrated package from stern to helm. The company realizes that the only way to make carbon-reduced propulsion work in the real world of boating is to integrate the boat’s many functions into one system. This allows the boat owner to have a single source for repairs and warranties.

It’s a big challenge, but Volvo was first to market with integrated systems like joystick controls and assisted docking. This new boat could therefore represent the way forward for a nautical industry that has lagged behind the electric car industry and even commercial shipping.

“Our real job will be to industrialize the system,” says Johan Inden, president of the Volvo Penta Marine business unit, also on board for Kvitbjorninitial test of . “Our goal is to be able to upgrade the hybrid system to all our engines, which range from 13 to 5,400 horsepower.”

    Kvitbjørn test in Svalbard

Stunning ice mountains.

Courtesy of Volvo Penta

Linden expects the hybrid system to become a standard Volvo offering within three to five years, and that the “tipping point” where hybrid engines will outnumber conventional diesel and gasoline engines will be 2030. This seems a long way off, but it also means the water will be much greener by then.

In the meantime, tests will continue on Kvitbjorn as Volvo attempts to incorporate new technology. We spent a few more hours cruising the lonely waters and then returned to Longyearbyen where I had the opportunity to steer the boat, although I noticed Tore seemed a little nervous about the idea. to hand over his new toy. I promised him not to break it.

Mother and Polar Cubs

Although 3,000 polar bears are scattered around Svalbard, sightings are rare.

Courtesy PA

Kvitbjorn was a fun ride, largely because I didn’t have to do much to switch from traditional to hybrid drive. At a certain speed, it moved automatically. The system also had various modes on the helm console that allowed the captain to operate the boat with maximum efficiency, whether in quiet or high-end mode.

The boat will run 1,000 hours – far more than the average private motor yacht – over the six-month season, so Volvo will have plenty of test data to work with. Eventually, the hybrid application could be used on boats from 25 feet. runabouts at 120 feet. yachts, it would therefore cover the majority of pleasure craft.

Kvitbjørn test in Svalbard

Setting up the hybrid system, with its large battery banks, was one of the most difficult tasks.

Courtesy of Volvo Penta

“We anticipate this will be the new normal,” says Linden, who expects the system to be a sea change for recreational boating.

Sitting at the airport in Svalbard, I received an urgent text message from Jennifer Humphrey, Vice President of Marine Marketing at Volvo Penta, who was in Kvitbjorn. “Guess what,” he said. “We just saw a polar bear!”

NASA’s VIPER rover ‘ready to go’ after ‘most realistic simulation’ of moon landing


NASA’s Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER), soon to land on the lunar surface, has endured one of the trickiest parts of its mission. In a recent update, the agency revealed that engineers at the Glenn Research Center performed the most realistic test of the rover landing on the Moon. The test essentially involved lifting the rover off its Astrobotic Griffin lunar lander, a platform that will be elevated a few feet above the surface.

VIPER is scheduled to land on the Moon in 2023 at the lunar south pole for a 100-day mission. Its objective will be to map the Nobile crater and its unexplored regions and to conclude if ice or any other potential resource exists in these areas. These resources, if found, could help sustain astronauts on future Artemis lunar missions.

NASA Glenn performs the most realistic rover tests

(Viper being chased from the Astrobotic Griffin lunar lander; Image: NASA)

The tests were realistic in the sense that the engineers used the latest prototype lander and a robotic prototype of the lunar rover. The purpose of the test was to verify whether VIPER is able to handle deployment on the lunar surface. During the test, the mission team dismantled the rover’s heaviest components to make it lighter. This was done to accurately simulate the conditions found on the lunar surface since the Moon has less gravity.

NASA said this test version of VIPER helped the team verify that every aspect of the system works as expected and that the results would be used when the rover actually lands on the Moon.

Exciting tests await VIPER

Needless to say, the rover will undergo many more tests before the robotic explorer is fine-tuned for its mission. NASA has revealed that the rover will now undergo a Regolith testbed at NASA’s Ames Research Center, home to a facility capable of realistically replicating the lighting and dusty terrain of the Moon’s environment. . Earlier this year, another prototype of the lunar rover was tested at Glenn’s SLOPE facility to prepare for soft ground and obstacles the rover may encounter. Learn more about the test here.

Glacier High School doesn’t wait for the world to change


Throughout her years at Glacier High School, Opal Besaw found joy and fulfillment in helping others through her thoughtfulness, humor, kindness, determination, and writing.

With her graduation on Saturday, Besaw will begin the next chapter of her life with her sights set on becoming a children’s author, social worker and continuing her efforts as a disability rights advocate. She is in her second year on the State Office of Public Instruction’s Special Education Advisory Committee.

“Everyone deserves a chance to have their voice and ideas heard by someone and I want to be that person for people,” Besaw said.

She graduated with a 4.0 GPA and plans to attend Flathead Valley Community College for a year and then transfer to the University of Montana.

Part of what shaped her passions and aspirations was living with cerebral palsy.

“I was born with cerebral palsy, which means that the part of my brain that controls my physical movements and to some extent cognitive development, albeit slightly, was damaged before, during or after birth,” Besaw said.

“I believe that God made up for my lack of physicality by giving me this brain,” she adds. “By empowering myself to speak on behalf of others and use my voice to make a good change in the world.”

Glacier Librarian Kerrie More has no doubt that Besaw will achieve what she sets out to do. She says it’s no surprise that Besaw wants to become a social worker, as she recognizes the barriers in place for people who share her physical challenges and has the personality to influence meaningful change.

“She’ll have some really important, great stories to tell,” More said. “I can’t wait to see the light that Opal shines on the world.”

They both bonded over the book “Stargirl,” by Jerry Spinelli.

“She finds inspiration in the story of a kind, caring, free-spirited girl who goes out of her way to notice and acknowledge others, always choosing to see the best in them,” More says. “Opal is a real Stargirl because she approaches everyone without judgment and has the magical ability to brighten the day of everyone she interacts with.”

From an early age, Besaw was a storyteller. As a child with cerebral palsy, she could not always physically perform like her peers. His imagination, however, was limitless.

“I would sit on the floor and talk to myself for hours and make up stories. So one day, when I was about 8 years old, my mother had the idea to start writing them and since then I wanted to be a writer,” Besaw said.

She continues to use a scribe, but has since added a recorder and text-to-speech software to her writing toolbox and through “a ton of practice” with an occupational therapist, she says her ability to write has improved. increased in speed, fluidity and readability. .

“Writing really helps me express all of my emotions and channel the situations that I find myself in into my characters and it really helps me feel fulfilled and bring fulfillment and joy to others.

I truly feel that it is my purpose in life to make others happy.

Currently, Besaw is writing a fictional story about a 15-year-old girl who follows bands on tour after suffering a major loss.

“I think what caused this was that while I was deciding what I wanted to do for college, I felt very stuck because my physical situation sometimes inhibits what I’m able to do and that It’s a frustrating thing to accept,” Besaw said. . “So I think I related that she wasn’t running away from her problems, but she was running towards something that was a little bit more peaceful for her soul, and I think that’s why I channeled that. “

Drawing inspiration from the words of others, she says, one of the most cathartic activities she does is compiling inspirational quotes in a major journal that she reads often.

“It’s cathartic to bring out all the stuff that’s going on in my pain, but so is it,” she said, pausing. “I need to fill up [myself] with more good stuff and then I can keep writing.

Thanks to a 2020-21 Student Voice Journalism Fellowship, Besaw was also able to highlight student issues and important topics.

“I’ve written about the inclusivity of people with disabilities and their typically developing peers. I’ve also written about the impact of those early Wednesdays,” she said, who exited the response. to the Covid Pandemic “One of the most powerful articles I have had the privilege of writing was about the problem of student homelessness in the Valley.”

“I consider myself very lucky because I am part of some of these marginalized populations, but I have also been given a voice to speak on behalf of others,” she said.

Currently, Besaw is working on a disaster preparedness plan and guide for people with disabilities. The project is part of its participation in Camp EmpowHer where teens with disabilities spent a week in the Adirondacks in New York to learn disaster preparedness survival skills, leadership and independent living skills. Throughout the year, participants connected with mentors and worked on projects of interest. In July, the participants will meet in Washington, DC, to present their projects.

WHAT ALSO played an important role in his high school career was acting. She said it allowed her to see the world from another person’s perspective through different roles. Besaw said she wanted to explore how theater can be used as an outlet for advocacy.

“It’s also an incredibly safe space to talk about whatever needs to be talked about and a chance to laugh about really weird things,” Besaw said with a laugh. “I think one of the most touching things I’ve been involved in acting was when I was in second grade where I played a 10-year-old homeless man. It really changed my perspective on the problem of homelessness in our region.

Through theater I have met a lot of beautiful people who have had a big impact on my life and I love them all so much,” she said.

Writing, acting, and all the friendships she made got her through the rough times of high school.

“I’m so grateful that my senior class stick together and stay with me and help each other. We struggled in high school between Covid and the students and staff we lost to suicide over the past four years. I’m so grateful to everyone who offered me a kind word, made sure I had what I needed, and made me laugh so hard,” Besaw said.

Through all the silver linings Besaw finds in darker times, there’s a part of her that wonders if one person can make a lasting impact.

“Glacier is a beautiful place and we have a lot of lovely people, but sometimes being a teenager can be a volatile environment, and there were days in my high school environment where I would come home and just wonder, is- does that make a difference? Does what I’m trying to do help anyone? But then you remember it helps you and you kind of have to keep pushing because the world is not going to get better if we just sit here and do nothing.

“We can’t wait for change,” she adds. “We have to go there and change it ourselves.”

Glacier High School will hold its commencement ceremony for the class of 2022 on Saturday, June 4. The ceremony begins at 10 a.m. in the gymnasium. About 290 students are expected to graduate. The school is located at 375 Wolfpack Way, Kalispell.

Reporter Hilary Matheson can be reached at 406-758-4431 or [email protected]

Atlas Ocean Voyages Details 2023-24 Antarctica Cruises


Atlas Ocean Voyages opened its 2023-2024 winter season in Antarctica for bookings today, and also gave details of what to expect during these crossings.

From November 2023 to March 2024, Global Browser and world traveler will return to Antarctica. 23 trips will be offered, ranging from 9 to 20 nights. Almost all will depart from Ushuaia, Argentina.

On these expedition cruises, guests can expect up to two daily departures from the ship, depending on weather and sea conditions. Ashore, guests can expect explorations on Zodiacs to see marine wildlife and icebergs, plus kayaking and paddleboarding.

Expedition team members will accompany guests on all off-ship experiences, and each person represents an academic specialty such as ornithology, marine biology, history, environmental science, and mountaineering .

World Navigator (Photo courtesy of Atlas Ocean Voyages)

Global Browser

Global Browser will offer 13 departures to Antarctica from November 9, 2023. It will offer 9- and 11-night cruises focusing on the South Shetland Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula.

Guests will spend four days exploring Antarctica on the nine-night cruises, and the 11 nights will include six days in the region, including a crossing of the Antarctic Circle.

At the end of the season, Global Browser will set sail March 15, 2024 on a special 14-night itinerary that combines the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. It will also include stops in Punta del Este and Montevideo, Uruguay, as well as an overnight stay in Buenos Aires.

MORE: Sneak peek: Discover Glacier Bay, Alaska on a cruise

world traveler

world traveler will bring passengers on 13, 16 and 20 night expeditions combining the Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands, Diego Ramirez Islands, Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

Almost all world traveler Antarctic expeditions include passing through the Lemaire Channel, considered one of the most spectacular Antarctic landscapes ever travelled.

antarctic seabourn
Antarctica (Photo courtesy of Seabourn)

world traveler will also offer two unique transatlantic crossings to close the Antarctica season. The 12-night westbound itinerary departs October 24, 2023 from the Canary Islands.

On March 13, 2024, the ship will return east on a 19-night voyage from Ushuaia to Cape Town, South Africa.

Global Browser launched in August 2021, and world traveler should be launched in November. Both have 98 suites, individual suites at no extra cost and cabins. Three additional sister ships are expected to join the fleet through 2024.

READ NEXT: Carnival introduces new menu program for customers with food allergies

Bill Nelson and Mark Kelly Praise How ASU Involves Students in Missions


Both men were blasted into space and served in the US Senate. But NASA Administrator Bill Nelson and U.S. Senator Mark Kelly were “back to school” during a visit to Arizona State University’s School of Earth and Space Exploration on Friday, May 27.

The couple were able to view details of the university’s more than 20 space missions – ASU leads NASA’s Psyche and LunaH-Map space missions while developing instruments for science missions to the moon, asteroids and planets, including the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, OSIRIS-REx, Lucy and the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover. And it’s not just the faculty; students participate in work that is both directly involved and inspired by these missions.

Among the practical lessons during Friday’s visit: strapping in for a ride on Tycho, a vehicle that can roll forwards, backwards and side-to-side. It can even rotate 360 ​​degrees around a single point. Tycho is a modern training vehicle designed and built to meet the needs of human exploration of the Moon and Mars in the 21st century. It was built by a team of ASU employees and students.

“ASU is one of NASA’s main universities as a partner. They build space hardware here,” says Kelly. “It’s pretty new. Universities don’t usually build the stuff that gets launched into space. They build the stuff here now instead of having a private or defense company to do it. And that’s great for the students here. They’re going to go here, and they’ll be ready for those high-tech jobs of the future. We need more of that.”

Like Tycho, much of what the men saw on Friday ties directly to upcoming NASA targets and launches. Several of these missions involve the moon.

The Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper – LunaH-Map for short – is a CubeSat mission led by Assistant Professor Craig Hardgrove of the School of Earth and Space Exploration (SESE). LunaH-Map, which will travel to space on the Artemis 1 rocket later this summer, is a miniaturized spacecraft the size of a shoebox that will orbit the moon to map water ice in regions permanently shaded from the lunar south pole.

Professor Mark Robinson – who has been developing detailed maps of the moon for more than 20 years as a principal investigator of NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) – briefed Nelson and Kelly on Friday on the next steps for LunaH- Map, whose findings could let scientists determine if there is enough water to support future human and robotic exploration of the solar system. Robinson also explained how the LROC fits into some of the next steps of what NASA can do with robotic moon landers. NASA’s Artemis program aims to put humans back on the Moon by the end of 2025.

Visitors had the chance to tour the school’s Buseck Center for Meteorite Studies, which houses one of the largest university meteorite collections in the world.

Nelson says that for him, one of the highlights of visiting ASU was holding a large black diamond inside the center vault.

“And I’m telling you, if we ever find harvestable quantities of diamonds or titanium or gold or any other precious metal, can you imagine the amount of exploration? The gold rush in California will be a distant memory of what you will see happening in space,” he says.

No diamonds are expected to come from samples that will be collected by the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover. But when those samples arrive on Earth, SESE director Meenakshi Wadhwa will serve as the Mars Sample Return program scientist to unravel the samples’ compositions.

Kelly and Nelson learned more about Mars in SESE’s mission control room. This is where the Mastcam-Z camera team gathers footage from Mars. This team is led by Professor Jim Bell of ASU. The camera system on board the Perseverance rover can zoom from wide angle to telephoto, take 3D images and video, and take photos in up to 11 unique colors. It’s part of the rover’s mission to document rock and sediment samples, search for signs of ancient microbial life, and characterize the planet’s geology and climate.

No one knows exactly what NASA will find with the Psyche and Europa Clipper missions, which is why the agency is sending spacecraft to both locations.

Psyche is a metal-rich asteroid orbiting the sun in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. Psyche is also the name of the spacecraft that will travel there, led by Professor Lindy Elkins-Tanton of ASU Regents. The mission, which offers a unique window into the building blocks of planet formation, is expected to launch this fall. The Psyche team will investigate whether the asteroid is the core of an early planet and whether it formed similarly to Earth’s core.

Europa is a moon of Jupiter, where an ASU designed and built thermal imaging instrument led by Professor Regents Phil Christensen is steered as part of the Europa Clipper spacecraft. The Europa Thermal Emission Imaging System (E-THEMIS) will analyze Europa’s surface temperatures, including regions where the moon’s suspected ocean may be near the surface. The Europa Clipper will make about 50 flybys of Europa to determine if the moon might harbor conditions suitable for life.

Nelson says he likes that SESE combines students new to space with experienced people at the peak of their NASA careers.

“If I have anything to do with it, we’re actually going to expand the internships, and a huge percentage of those interns come to work for NASA because they’re so passionate about the job,” Nelson says. “It is a rich source of extraordinary talent. As we move more and more towards the commercial sector, it amplifies the use of universities even more, whether directly under contract with NASA or through one of NASA’s commercial partners. I see this as a model for the future that will not only continue, but grow.”

Related links

Arizona State University

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NASA Chooses Small Companies to Further Develop Exploration Technologies

Washington DC (SPX) May 01, 2022

NASA’s Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program selected 110 small US companies to pursue technology development. The range of projects supports space exploration and improving life on Earth – from foldable solar panel technology that could help power astronauts’ work on the Moon, to antenna technology that could improve internet service by satellite. NASA’s SBIR program provides seed funding and other non-monetary support to small businesses with pioneering ideas to help… read more

The World’s Largest Ice Cream Eating Contest Is Happening in New Jersey


I should point out at the start that the organizers of the Ice Cream Eating Contest claim it’s the biggest in the world, but I don’t know who actually keeps track of these things. So maybe it’s the biggest, maybe it’s just really big. Either way, the Mile Square Meltdown is coming to Hoboken (the Mile Square City) on Sunday, June 12.

For the contest, every 20 minutes, 10 contestants will engage in a “high-energy race to finish a pint or half-pint of ice cream. The times will be recorded and the winner announced at the end of the day. The winner will receive the coveted Golden Cone Trophy.

Ticket sales will be donated to the Hoboken Family Alliance’s annual summer food drive. Tickets are $6 in advance and $10 on the day, but pre-registration is highly recommended. You can sign up as a group to compete against your family or friends, or just try your luck with strangers. You can register here.

There will be special rounds reserved for children under 10 years old.

New Jersey ice cream company Moo Jersey, along with Main Street Pops and the Hoboken Family Alliance, will host the first-ever Mile Square Meltdown. It’s more than just an eating contest, however, it’s an ice cream celebration with free samples and a sundae bar.



It will take place at Main Street Pops Market (Under Hoboken Viaduct @ 14th street) from 11-4. The winner of the “Golden Cone” will be announced at the end of the day.

The Hoboken Family Alliance is a 501(C)(3) non-profit organization and is 100% voluntary.


NJ Beach Tag Guide for Summer 2022

We are coming another summer to the Jersey Shore! Before you lose yourself in the excitement of sunny days on the sand, we calculate how much seasonal/weekly/daily beach beacons will cost you, and pre-season deals you can still take advantage of!

Discover the must-see roads in each state

The views expressed in the above post are those of New Jersey 101.5 talk show host Bill Doyle only.

You can now listen to Deminski & Doyle — On demand! Listen to New Jersey’s favorite radio show every day of the week. Download the Deminski & Doyle show wherever you get podcasts, on our free app, or listen now.

Click here to contact an editor about a comment or correction for this story.

FSU dance teacher selected as artist-in-residence at Glacier National Park

Photo credit: Chris LaBasco, Getty Images

A professor from Florida State University College of Fine Arts and her wife – a graduate of the college – have been selected as artists in residence at Montana Glacier National Park to create a dance film focusing on global environmental challenges and human effects.

Ilana Goldman, associate professor at the School of Dance
Ilana Goldman, associate professor at the School of Dance

Ilana Goldman, Associate Professor at the School of Dance, and Gabriel Williams (MFA in Dance, 2017) will spend four weeks in June exploring the natural and cultural resources of the national park while pursuing their artistic goals.

Glacier National Park is a great place to look at environmental issues,” Goldman said. “The rapid melting of glaciers is a visible marker of the impact of climate change on the planet.”

For the film, Goldman made an item of clothing made from plastic waste that she generated over four months. This project has helped her consider her personal contribution to the plastic waste crisis, she said.

“In general, our work explores ‘humans in nature’ and the impact of the environment on the dancer,” Goldman said. “In this work, I want to explore the human impact on the environment through dance – a relationship between the abuser and the abused. Despite the abuse and destruction, the Earth seems to adapt and be quite resilient, but at some point it won’t be able to withstand the onslaught. What would the Earth look like if it were human, if it moved?”

In 2018, landfills received 27 million tons of plastic and plastic production reached 35.7 million tons, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency.

The Artist-in-Residence program seeks artists whose work relates to the park’s interpretive themes. It also seeks artists who support the mission of the National Park Service and the conservation of these public lands.

“I have a deep love of nature, and it gives me inspiration, nourishment, wonder and joy,” Goldman said. “Because of this love, I often think about sustainability and try to make eco-friendly choices.”

The couple will lead three filmmaking workshops during their residency. They will also scout locations, choreograph, shoot sequences and pre-edit the film.

Goldman will serve as performer, choreographer, director and editor, and Williams as videographer.

“We are very happy to have one of our educators participating in this program,” said FSU School of Dance Chair Anjali Austin. “This national park is a beautiful and fascinating place for this project.”

To learn more about Goldman’s work, including his previous short films, visit IlanaGoldman.org.

For more information, visit dance.fsu.edu.

How to get out of payday loan debt in Colorado


Despite all the pros and cons, payday loans are still the most convenient option for meeting immediate cash needs. Payday loans can cost you a lot more in the long run than you originally planned to borrow.

Payday loans can quickly become a trap for borrowers due to their high interest rates and fees. The bill is coming due and they take out another business loan with even more fees because they can’t pay it. Many predatory lenders abandon their customers using deception and trick consumers into approving loans in states where payday loans are illegal.

Below are some of the key facts about Colorado payday loan laws to help you make an informed decision about payday loans. Also, I will discuss how to get out of living payday loans in Colorado.

5 Important Colorado Payday Loan Laws You Should Know

1. In Colorado, payday loans are legal cheaper.

2. The maximum amount that can be borrowed through payday loans in Colorado is $500. One or more payday loans can be used to meet the $500 limit. Although payday loans in Colorado do not have a maximum term, they have a minimum term of six months.

3. Payday lenders can charge up to 20% of the loan amount in finance fees for amounts up to $300. For every $100 above the first $300 borrowed, lenders can charge up to $7.50 in addition to standard financing fees. The law allows lenders to charge a 45% interest rate if a borrower renews a payday loan.

4. The law allows repayment plans. However, the terms of these plans may differ between lenders as long as they are legal.

5. Collection of unpaid debts is restricted under Colorado payday loan laws. For “insufficient funds” penalties, lenders can charge up to $25. Lenders can sue borrowers for unpaid payday loans for the full amount of the loan plus attorney’s fees. Borrowers can only be sued if they have closed their current accounts before repaying the loan or debt in full.

Lenders are required to issue refunds for the prorated amount of APR when borrowers repay payday loans in full before the end of the APR loan term.

5 Ways to Get a Payday Loan Solution in Colorado

You need to pay off your debts as soon as possible because these loans come with higher interest rates that accrue until you pay off the debts. Usually, you have to pay the debt when you get your next paycheck, but lenders allow you 30-day payment extensions.

It can seem impossible to get out of a payday loan when you have one. Fear not, there are ways to get the payday loan debt solution and get back on your feet. The sooner you can pay off a payday loan, the better.

Here are some of the ways to escape the clutches of a payday lender:

1. Make full payment

It is advisable to repay your entire loan. This is undoubtedly the best way to eliminate your debt. Most lenders also prefer it. With the help of a well-planned budget, you can afford it. When you make your payments in full, you don’t have to worry about incurring additional debt.

Some states won’t allow you to get a new payday loan unless the previous one has been paid off. Once you have made the full payment, you can make sure to improve your financial health.

2. Opt for an extended payment plan

You can work out an Extended Payment Plan (EPP) with your payday lender. This will allow you to repay the loan in smaller installments over a longer period without incurring additional fees or interest.

Review your finances and determine the largest amount you can quickly pay for your loan each month before speaking with your lender. Make an appointment with your lender to discuss your loan restructuring before the last business day before your loan is due.

If you need to sign a new loan contract for your PEP, study the terms carefully before signing. This way you will avoid unpleasant surprises along the way.

Remember that not all payday lenders will participate in a PEP. However, it’s always good to find out about your lender’s flexibility if you can’t afford to repay your loan on time.

3. Consolidate your payday loans

Why should you consider a payday loan consolidation to pay off your predatory debts?

Usually, when there is a high interest rate, all of your monthly payments go towards paying the interest rate payments. Interest payments are the minimum monthly payments you must make. So, if the minimum monthly payment is high, you are not aware of making further payments. Your principal remains intact and your payday loans remain the same. Therefore, lowering the interest rate through negotiations will help you pay off your debts quickly.

You can also avoid collection agents because the payday loan consolidation company will deal with your creditors. Thus, you can lower the interest rate on your payday loans to make full repayments on them; you can also make one-time monthly payments to pay online.

Various companies offer such services. However, not all of these companies are legit. Contact a reputable debt consolidation company to enroll in a consolidation program.

4. Settle your debts

Debt settlement allows you to get out of your debt situation. It will serve as a proposition to your creditors that you are unable to repay your debts in full and therefore you only wish to repay part of your total debt. Most lenders and financial institutions will refuse to enter into a settlement agreement with you and will discuss the lump sum you will offer. However, if you reach a reasonable settlement agreement, all you will see is profit!

The first step is to approach your creditors and lenders on your own and ask them to reduce your overall principal amount to a discounted lump sum. The second step is to locate a reputable debt settlement company or law firm and hire them to complete the task. Following the second path will increase your chances of success. Working out a settlement agreement on your own is a difficult task.

5. Consider taking out an alternative payday loan

Consider getting an alternative payday loan (PAL) if you belong to a credit union. The National Credit Union Administration allows federal credit unions to provide members with loans ranging from $200 to $1,000. When applying for PAL, the credit union may only charge an application fee of up to $20 to cover the actual costs of processing the application. The borrower must have been a member of a caisse for at least one month.

Getting a PAL can be a great way to pay off a payday loan and get out of high interest rates. The term of these loans usually ranges from one to six months. For six months, the same borrower can receive up to three PAL.

Can you file for bankruptcy to get out of payday loan debt?

Bankruptcy should always be a choice of last resort. Filing for bankruptcy has many long-term consequences that will hurt your credit for years. This is why it is essential to evaluate all other possibilities before embarking on this path. If you have too many obligations and not enough money to pay them off, bankruptcy may be possible. Payday loans and your other debts could be erased in a bankruptcy filing.


You should avoid going into debt again. Payday loans are dangerous. Make an effort to increase your income and avoid living paycheck to paycheck. Payday loans are never a long-term answer to your financial needs, but they can definitely hurt your financial situation. Also, many illegal payday lenders use your bank account details for theft and other illegal actions. I hope you will agree that payday loans should be avoided at all costs. Manage your money better for a secure financial life.

Lyle Solomon has extensive legal experience as well as in-depth consumer credit and drafting knowledge and experience. He has been a member of the California State Bar since 2003. He graduated from the McGeorge School of Law at Pacific University in Sacramento, California in 1998 and currently works for the Oak View Legal Group in California as a senior attorney.

3 stories you may have missed


Editor’s note: Conservation and environmental news is made every day, but some of it may go unnoticed. In a recurring article, Conservation News shares three stories from the past week that you should know.

1. Climate change is eroding a precious resource: sleep

Rising temperatures are disrupting people’s sleep.

The story: Climate anxiety isn’t the only reason global warming is keeping people up at night; a new study has found that rising temperatures actually disrupt sleep, reports Alejandra Borunda for National Geographic. Research shows that 60 to 67 degrees Fahrenheit (15.6 to 19.4 degrees Celsius) is the best temperature for optimal sleep because it helps regulate the body’s core temperature. By analyzing the sleep patterns of more than 50,000 people around the world through smartwatches, scientists found that individuals lost significant amounts of sleep in regions where temperatures rose above 77 degrees Fahrenheit. (25 degrees Celsius) at night.

The big picture: “Before, nights were a chance to cool down the body,” Rupa Basu, a public health expert, told National Geographic. “But when [heat] is this chronic stressor, the body can’t cool down and recover – it’s a key element that harms people’s health.

Severe heat waves are becoming more common as climate change accelerates, but according to this study, even a few degrees of warming can potentially lead to 13 to 15 days of poor sleep each year by the end of the month. century. Air conditioning may seem like an obvious solution, but billions of people cannot afford or do not have access to this luxury.

For communities in Africa, it pays to protect forests.

The story: In East Africa’s Rift Valley, carbon offsets are helping the indigenous Hadza people protect the forests they depend on, while investing in their own long-term food security, health and wellbeing, reports Fred Pearce for YaleEnvironment360. In March, 1,300 Hadza and local cattle-herding tribesmen, with whom they share land in northern Tanzania, began receiving the first payments from a nearly $500,000 project fund carbon generated by the protection of an area of ​​forests and pastures. lands larger than New York. Carbon Tanzania, a social enterprise, developed the project in partnership with local communities.

It is estimated that this project should prevent the destruction of more than 170,000 trees per year, resulting in some 177,000 tonnes of avoided emissions, which are sold as carbon offsets.

The big picture: Over the past 500 years, the Hadza people have lost more than three-quarters of their traditional lands to agriculture and large-scale development. This carbon project – and the revenue it generates – helps them ensure they don’t lose more by giving local people more control over their land.

The project draws on the deep ancestral skills and knowledge of the Hadza – known as renowned archers – to manage the forests.

“We are seeing a steady increase in some animal species like elephants crossing and growing in the forest compared to when we started,” says Christopher Shija, a forest scout recruited from Jobaj village. Moshi Isa, another scout from Mongo wa Mono village, says: “The carbon project has strengthened our rights. And increased forest density sustains our hunting and gathering life.

Communities meet twice a year to decide how to spend the income, often allocating funds to pay school fees and medical care, train new rangers, buy food and improve village infrastructure.

Elephants in India dive into garbage cans and consume more trash than food.

The story: The typical diet of an Asian elephant consists of leafy greens, fruits, grasses, and barks. In India, however, a troubling ingredient has entered the mix: plastic. Elephants are consuming massive amounts of plastic from dumpsters, with the waste accounting for up to 85% of their feces in the village of Kotdwar, India, according to a new study.

“As the waste passes through their digestive system, elephants can ingest chemicals like polystyrene, polyethylene, bisphenol A and phthalates,” Joshua Rapp Learn written for the New York Times.

The big picture: Not only is plastic harmful to elephants, but it could have unintended consequences for entire forest ecosystems. Elephants disperse the seeds in their droppings in their habitats. Because they travel such great distances, they play a key role in spreading tree seedlings far and wide.

Now, “the same process that keeps ecosystems functioning could transport human-made pollutants into national parks and other wilderness areas,” Learn writes.

The good news: In March, United Nations negotiators from 175 countries agreed to craft a legally binding global agreement to end plastic waste. The resolution establishes an intergovernmental negotiating committee, which will begin meeting on the new plastics treaty later this year with the aim of finalizing it by the end of 2024.

Learn more about the plastic pollution crisis here.

Kiley Price is the editor and managing editor of Conservation International. Want to read more stories like this? Sign up to receive updates by email here. Donate to Conservation International here.

Cover image: Arctic icebergs in Greenland(© Mlenny)


Is climate change making the weather worse?


United Nations climatologists say it is “now or never” to halt catastrophic temperature rises and the collapse of climate systems on which our way of life depends. Reports of bomb-like blizzards and scorching droughts paint a terrifying picture of the possible reality of climate change. But are we really witnessing a degradation of time?

Unfortunately, the answer is “yes”. The weather is getting worse for people in the United States and around the world, Spencer Weart, historian and retired director of the Center for the History of Physics at the American Institute of Physics in College Park, Maryland, told LiveScience.

Climate is the average of weather conditions over time, and Earth has a long and dramatic history of natural climate change. The Triassic period (252 to 201 million years ago) may have ended with a million year old rain storm. And the dinosaur killer asteroid hitting Earth in the late Cretaceous (145-66 million years ago) plunged parts of the sky into cold darkness for years under dense clouds of ash and particles; then the Earth’s temperatures enriched for 100,000 years, due to the colossal amount of carbon dioxide the asteroid kicked up when it crashed into the Yucatán Peninsula; a massive asteroid strike is still technically a natural event, although sad for the dinosaurs.

Although major climate fluctuations are nothing new to our planet, they have been incredibly destructive in the past, and our current insatiable appetite for fossil fuels is triggering a rapid oscillation that could have disastrous consequences for humanity.

Related: Has the Earth ever been this hot?

Modern records reveal an unnatural nature global warming trend to take over the Earth’s climate in recent decades. By burning fossil fuels, humans send out heat carbon dioxide and others greenhouse gas in the atmosphere that increase global temperatures.

Experimental data and climate models suggest that this warming will affect the weather in various ways, making it hotter and colder, more extreme, more chaotic and, in a word, “worse”. For example, as the world warms, more water evaporates from the surface of dry areas and increases precipitation in wetlands, according to Weart. In other words, dry areas get drier and wet areas get wetter. More moisture in the atmosphere of a warming planet can also lead to heavier snowfall during the Winter.

Weart underlined the gravity of the North Atlantic hurricanes in the Caribbean and the United States in recent years, as well as hurricanes or tropical cyclones all over the world as examples of worsening weather conditions. “There is no doubt that everywhere hurricanes get worse,” he said.

We are not necessarily seeing an increase in the number of hurricanes, but the more violent ones are getting more violent. “What would have been a category 3 [hurricane] is a category 4, what would have been a category 4 is a Category 5“Weart said.

Category 5 includes strongest hurricanes, with winds of 156 mph (251 km/h) or more. There is no Category 6 hurricane because the Saffir-Simpson scale only deals with wind, and wind damage is about the same above 156 mph, although some scientists believe that the scale needs to be revised, Live Science previously reported.

A lifeguard walking through a flooded area in Yangzhou, China, after heavy rains from Typhoon In-Fa flooded China’s east coast in 2021. (Image credit: Photo by STR/AFP via Getty Images)

(opens in a new tab)

Meanwhile, record-breaking weather events, such as Japan’s 2018 heat wave that killed more than 1,000 people, are likely to become more frequent, Weart noted. For example, in a 2018 study published in the journal Atmosphere Science Letters Online (opens in a new tab) (SOLA), the researchers performed climate computer simulations and found that the heat wave could not have occurred without human-induced global warming. A 2020 study published in the journal Nature Communication (opens in a new tab) also found that heat waves are increasing around the world.

Also, although it seems counterintuitive, global warming could cause cold snaps. A 2021 study published in the journal Science (opens in a new tab) found a warming Arctic and disturbances from the swirling cold winds above it, called the polar vortex, are linked to more extreme winters in the northern hemisphere, including the United States, but climatologists are still debating this link, Nature reported (opens in a new tab).

Climate change may have the potential to disrupt weather systems to such an extent that the Earth turns into a chaotic world that can’t be fixed, Live Science previously reported. A 2022 study published on the prepublication database arXiv (opens in a new tab) found that if we don’t reduce our emissions, humans run the risk of seeing the Earth’s temperature fluctuate chaotically in ways that are impossible to predict.

So what are we doing to fight climate change and avoid a future filled with more terrible weather? Nations around the world have signed the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015 and agreed to keep warming preferably below 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius) and well below 3.6 F (2 C). But, in 2022, UN Secretary General António Guterres said during the Summit of Economists on Sustainability (opens in a new tab) that the 1.5 degree target was in “resuscitation” and with continued emissions, “we are sleepwalking to climate catastrophe”.

World leaders must ensure that global carbon dioxide emissions start falling by 2025 and are halved by 2030 if we are to stay within 1.5C of warming, according to the latest Panel. intergovernmental experts on climate change (IPCC) report (opens in a new tab) — likely the last IPCC report before irreversible climate breakdown becomes inevitable, Live Science previously reported.

“It’s as if we’ve suddenly become the protagonist of a science fiction movie: ‘Only you can save civilization from a global catastrophe,'” Weart said. “But it’s not science fiction.”

Originally posted on Live Science.

The Hedonist’s Guide to Stunning Iceland


Iceland’s unprecedented growth as a tourism darling has captured the world’s attention. Over the past decade, no land has intrigued more adventurers and nature lovers in a faster outcome than this pristine land of fire and ice, once a remote and isolated place. With its volcanoes and geothermal heat, glaciers and glacial lagoons, the country is a bit mysterious and a lot beautiful, which makes it a powerful draw. Travelers to Iceland more than tripled between 2012 and 2018*. A trip there is nothing less than memorable at a minimum; many vacationers rated their Icelandic getaway transformer. Whether you’ve already landed at Keflavík International Airport or have yet to experience the inspiring energy of this unique terrain, quench your wheelchair traveler’s thirst for wanderlust now by diving into the illuminating hardcover of 256 pages. Stunning Iceland: The Hedonist’s Guidewritten by Bertrand Jouane with evocative photographs of Gunnar Freyr. It is published this month by Harper Design, an imprint of HarperCollins.

“Iceland is located just south of the Arctic Circle, between North America and mainland Europe, a place many would describe as the edge of the world,” author Jouanne begins in the book’s introduction. “Puzzling and paradoxical, this isolated island of just over thirty-eight thousand square miles was created from the convergence of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and a huge amount of magma that erupted from its fault in the seabed, about twenty million years ago.. The last eruption occurred in March 2021 and lasted more than six months.

Yes, Iceland is still transforming in myriad ways: the active volcanic landscape; a growing commitment to environmental conservation; an incipient hyper-connectivity with the world at large; and an influx of immigrants.

Yet the draw that draws travelers the most – to the unspoiled windswept coastlines and serene mountain peaks, to the Blue Lagoon and Dettifoss waterfall, to the refreshing cultural events and heartwarming artistic gatherings – is the Iceland’s distinctive and independent vibe. Weird sometimes too. After all, Norse mythology is greeted with enthusiasm, filled with stories of mischievous trolls. It is the home of the inimitable Björk, world famous singer-songwriter. Especially in Reykjavik, its capital, a new breath of youthful vitality and vigor is rising – evidence of a new generation of chefs fusing modern flavors with local ingredients; bakers serving pastries to the rhythm of rock music; business-impacting entrepreneurs and inventors; organic farmers are changing the mindset of consumers; and hospitality mavens erecting boutique hotels and ecolodges. A prime example: Set in the middle of a lush, moss-covered lava field, the Blue Lagoon Retreat, built in 2018 near Grindavik, is a secluded and ultra-relaxing 62-room haven, overlooking a mineral-rich geothermal lagoon. “Massages can be practiced in the water to provide an intoxicating effect of weightlessness”, notes Jouanne. Its underground spa and its two restaurants (one is called Lava, the other Moss) are excellent. “Moss is led by a chef who takes his guests on a journey of Icelandic cuisine.”

Jouanne organizes the book to reflect the very different regions of Iceland, within which he maps essential travel skills; outlines revealing driving routes; profiles dynamic actors who make positive contributions; responds to local concerns and achievements; and indicates what is best and brightest. To absorb the most joy from Stunning Iceland, enjoy it as a fantasy escape. Make yourself comfortable, explore the pages; let yourself dream. Jouanne and Freyr take readers on wild journeys to waterfalls, rivers, fjords, glaciers, lava fields, calderas, canyons, ravines and plateaus. Also featured are Freyr’s bird’s-eye images, taken from the sky for a section called “Flying Over a Unique World”, which reveals rare glimpses of wild and nearly impenetrable parts of the island. It’s a treat for sure. Favorite tourist must-sees on the ground? Hikes on scenic trails and bathing in hot springs.

Stunning wildlife: See blue whales, killer whales, sheep, seals, white furry arctic fox and many species of birds.

Icelandic horses are as small as a pony in stature, but big in beauty. “Originally from Norway, explains Jouanne, this thoroughbred arrived with the first settlers and has never been crossed with another species for over a thousand years. Every summer, hundreds of these horses are released from farms to roam free, mingle and raise their offspring. Then, in September, the owners get together to sort and bring their horses home. This Laufskálarétt tradition is cherished as part of the many Icelandic folk festivals.

Fishing in Iceland is a refined feat; its fleet is one of the most efficient in the world, catching herring, haddock, plaice, redfish, blue whiting and the ever-growing cod. Every June since 1941, the town of Petró has celebrated a four-day sea festival.

“In the space of thirty years, says Jouanne, Icelandic cuisine has undergone a real revolution. If traditional recipes still have a privileged place on the island’s plates, its new cuisine, powered by young creative chefs, has some nice surprises in store. One of these stars is Chief Gisli Matt, which cultivates several of its own products and announces the precepts of the Slow Food movement. “The country has become the scene of an astonishing gastronomic revolution,” continues Jouanne. “Hungry for new experiences, Icelanders have transformed the disadvantage of their geographical position into an asset… the purity of local and seasonal products as an asset is undeniable.”

Jouanne leads readers through picturesque fishing villages; past farms, trading posts and lighthouses; and in maritime and art museums.

One of the many surprises: sensational surfers looking to conquer icy waves in the harsh weather northern fjords. “The tougher the conditions, the more intense the experience,” Jouanne says of the men and women “who represent boldness and strength…It’s their way of facing extremes and adversity. “.

For those who are much less daring, but who are delighted to be amazed, “the northern lights, which cover the [winter night] sky with their exquisite and surreal moving curtains, are followed by a symphony of spectacular colors during the late hours,” says Jouanne. “From late August to mid-April, festivals celebrate the Northern Lights, whose reflection in the waters and on the ice is an unforgettable sight.”

Jouanne and Freyr elegantly and honestly captured the beating heart of Iceland.

Note from Manske: *The current population of Iceland is approximately 355,000. In 2012, it welcomed 672,773 visitors; in 2018, the number of visitors rose to 2,342,241 – an incredible increase which then fell precipitously due to the economic downturn and the global pandemic. In 2018, tourism revenue accounted for 42% of the Icelandic economy. This nation – filled with wonder and wanderlust – is now aiming for a more thoughtful approach to tourism and development.

For online access to trip planning: contact Visit Iceland.

Steve Weber goes on an adventure for Tracy Arm Fjord


Captain Steve Weber in the deck of his boat Captain Cook, with South Sawyer Glacier visible through the window.

Juneau, Alaska (KINY) – Captain Steve Weber operates three different boats that are available to take tourists and locals on a trip to Tracy Arm they won’t soon forget.

Captain Steve Weber visits South Sawyer Glacier or North Sawyer Glacier in the narrow and captivating Tracy Arm Fjord.

Weber says the South Sawyer Glacier, the tour’s destination, is about 80 miles from town.

Tour departs at 8:00 AM and returns to Juneau at 6:00 PM.

A boat holds 48 passengers.

There’s plenty to see along the way, like huge waterfalls, orcas and humpback whales, seals and sea lions, and bald eagles sitting on building-sized icebergs while bears observe from the rocky shore.

“My favorite part is right here in front of the South Sawyer Glacier. But there are so many other bonuses between the mountains and the glaciers up high. We’re sitting here looking at the top of a 6,000 foot mountain totally covered of fresh snow and there must be 5,200 feet of new snow on top of this glacier and it’s a very large glacier that we can see outside we are at sea level and looking almost straight ahead things like that. And that’s just part of the whole wildlife trip, the rock formations, the glaciers, the high mountains, with really deep snow. The harbor seals, they have their young here and their main periods calving times are May and June. We like to get close enough to see them but farther away where we don’t disturb them. And we sometimes get exceptionally good whale sightings. As a bonus, this is not our main activity, but sometimes we We have enough where it’s pretty exciting there too. Tracy Arm Fjord has some of the most beautiful icebergs compared to anywhere else, the most beautiful in size, eyes and colors,” Weber said.

At the end of the fjord, looking at the South Sawyer Glacier, which is 25 miles long, the water is 900 feet deep.

In the spring it is common for there to be large chunks of icebergs, sometimes blocking Weber’s path.

He says the North Sawyer Glacier is there as a backup when this happens.

“Tracy Arm here, it’s my 25th year. I’ve done other things with fishing and so on in the past, but Tracy Arm really appealed to me. It’s so beautiful, so amazing. I I can see it every day and I come back every day with the same excitement. It’s just a good place and an event,” Weber said in response to his length of activity.

Weber spoke about the history of exploring the fjord and his ship’s namesake.

“We recognize Captain Cook who was one of the great explorers of the world. He made three voyages here in Alaska. He is a British sea captain and his work around the world really stands out. So we thought we would commemorate that. He made the best cards and kept the best records,” Weber explained.

Adventure Bound tours run from the first weekend in May through early September, though Weber says they’ve made a few trips as early as April this year.

If you would like to make a reservation, go to https://www.adventureboundalaska.com/.

They are in! The capital’s football teams win the final


JDHS seniors Sierra Kanouse (9), Ella Goldstein (4) and Clara Don (8) in Friday’s State Tournament semifinal against the North Pole. (Klas Stolpe/KINY)

Anchorage, Alaska (KINY) — The three capital soccer teams competing in the ASAA State Tournament in Anchorage all won their semifinals on Friday with clean sheets and will play for the state championships on Saturday.

Juneau-Douglas High School: Yadaa.at Kalé girls beat North Pole 8-0, JDHS boys beat Kenai 4-0 and Thunder Mountain boys beat Grace Christian 3-0.


Like an arcade game, the JDHS girls send the ball up the field and into the net at an alarming rate – alarming, that is, if you’re the opponent.

On Friday, Crimson Bears senior Kyla Bentz had five goals, schoolmate Blake Plummer had five assists, schoolmate Ella Goldstein had two goals and an assist, schoolmate Maile Quigley scored , classmate Brooke Sanford assisted, a series of subs contributed and senior Zuri DeJean kept the goaltender’s yellow fence clean. Bentz received the Hard Hat award from the Crimson Bears. Her five scores put her in second place in the Crimson Bears record books with 32 goals in a season (Malia Miller had 43 in a season).

“I think I had really good energy today,” Bentz said. “I always try to do my best. Today I think I really brought it in and it worked for the team. I also had a really good ball played to me. Shout out to Ella (Goldstein) and Blake (Plummer) for that and a few other players who hit really good long balls that I might come across and it usually goes on the good side I’m really excited about this game knowing that it’s my last season, I’m happy to have had two out of three very good games to end my season, same with my team… a lot of girls who don’t have a lot of playing time, have had very good games and it’s nice to see.

Quigley scored the Crimson Bears’ first goal from a Sanford corner 10 minutes into action.

Bentz ran on a through ball from Plummer six minutes later for 2-0.

Goldstein scored three minutes later, assisted by Plummer, and waited another 10 minutes before scoring with an assist from Bentz for the 4-0. The two roles swapped and Bentz scored from Goldstein for 5-0 just minutes into the second half.

Two minutes later, Plummer made a pass to Bentz who took the 6-0 lead. Another two minutes saw Bentz run on a through ball from Plummer and turn the scoreboard 7-0. Bentz added a final rebound score on a Plummer shot for 8-0.

“It’s nice to play your best football at the end of the tournament,” JDHS coach Matt Dusenberry said. “They are focused. They just want to give themselves a chance. We don’t talk a lot about repeats or back-to-back streaks and all that, but they talked about giving themselves an opportunity. And they’re in the league, so they’ve given themselves the opportunity tomorrow to play for that, so it’ll be fun to watch.

Goldstein received the ASAA Player of the Game honor.

The JDHS girls will face Grace Christian for the state championship at 1:30 p.m. Saturday at Service High School. Grace beat Homer 1-0 in the semifinals.


The JDHS boys were chasing Kenai in the opening minutes of their semi-final until Crimson Bears rookie Kai Ciambor, looking rested after not playing in the opener, scored the opening goal with a assist from senior Andre Peirovi.

“I didn’t think we played particularly well early on,” JDHS coach Gary Lehnhart said. “I think that first goal really changed the game. So when Kai hit it, it really allowed us to relax a bit and play a bit better.

Ciambor had a spinning move that got the crowd excited and senior Tias Carney put his spin on it and the Crimson Bears started to look more relaxed.

With 6:20 remaining in the first half, Ciambor received a through ball from Carney and put a hard kick past a defender and goalkeeper for 2-0.

Carney mixed it all up in the box about a minute later and the Crimson Bears took advantage for a 3-0 advantage.

“I think where the game really changed was when Tias kind of single-handedly turned an innocuous situation in the box into a goal just before half-time,” Lehnhart said. “That’s typical of him. He’s just relentless. He finds a way. He’s long and lanky, he finds a way to get his foot on the ball and keep it alive and the next thing you know, it’s it’s in the net and it’s 3-0. 3-0 at halftime is a totally different situation than 2-0. With 2-0, one goal and you feel you have a chance. Down 3- 0, you have to do it twice.

Kenai had caused JDHS problems on the wing, but an adjustment put Crimson Bears senior Owen Costello on top of Kardinals junior Wade James and, along with JDHS junior Will Robinson, they stopped him.

“We made a tactical move there, moving Owen, and after that he and Will really made that offense less effective,” Lehnhart said. “We left that the rest of the game and those two did a good job. Owen had a great game.

Costello’s work was one of his best defensive games of a career and he was honored with the Crimson Bears Lunch Pail honor as player of the game.

“Ironically, in the second half we kind of took the air out of the game,” Lehnhart said. “We did a good job of owning it. We didn’t really have any great chances. We were running out of chances to put the game away and then Owen got the end of the game.

Costello struck with about 10 minutes left in the game with an assist from junior Gabe Cheng for the 4-0 score. Ciambor received the ASAA Player of the Game honor.


Thunder Mountain were met with a game from the Grace Christian Grizzlies team that matched their physicality and both clubs were scoreless in the first half.

“Our defense really stepped up this game and they really needed it,” said senior goaltender Miles Peterson. “Grace is a tough team. They played very well, it was a hard-fought match. They really tested me many times and I just had to play well.

The Falcons broke the ice with 25 minutes left in the second half.

Junior Preston Lam kicked a corner into the box and senior John Magalhaes headed it down and past Grace keeper for a 1-0 lead.

“We stuck to it and played as a team,” Wallace Adams said. “I think it’s one of our best games so far this year where we held on and actually came out better in the second half than in the first half. We’ve been known to fall kind of in the second half for some reason but i really feel like today we realized what we had to do and we turned it around in the second half and started to click like a crew.

Falcons senior Talon Briggs ran under a through ball and took it in midfield where a Kenai defender tagged it, but Briggs moved around and put in a shot on goal which was blocked, he recovered and put it in front of the keeper for 2-0.

“We haven’t made any changes,” TMHS coach Tim Lewis said. “The guys just came out to play. They wanted this. They kind of made it happen, so hats off to them. They know I want a clean sheet, so I hope it affects them. It was good to keep them goalless and it’s always good to have goals too. I only have one game left to coach and it will be the last games for these kids and we can fire them. I can’t wait to be there and I can’t wait to rest after that.

A tough defensive backfield for the Falcons stifled the Grizzlies in the final 10 minutes as TMHS goaltender Miles Peterson and senior center back Darin Tingey closed the box.

“Darin made a huge save for us at the end,” Lewis said. “He doesn’t get a lot of credit most of the time because if they score they’re either going to blame the goalkeeper or him being the last back. He covered Miles (Peterson) and made a great save. “Again, nothing more you could ask of a central defender. And once you have a guy who does it, it passes on to everyone. It was very contagious at the end.

Tingey said he expected the attacks.

“I really focused on knowing where everyone was at,” Tingey said. “I knew once we scored they were going to try and play against us. So I just tried to watch the runs and the long balls and try to be prepared for that. I think we “We definitely stepped up. After John (Magalhaes) put the first in that kind of strengthening my mind, then everyone was playing their best.

One of the biggest goals came in stoppage time from one of their smaller players as junior Caden Cunningham came off the bench and found the back of the net. Magalhaes provided the assist to Cunningham on a through ball, rewarding the junior college player for his supporting season.

Briggs received the ASAA Player of the Game honor.

Now, the Juneau Towns rivalry has moved north and the Falcons will face the Crimson Bears in the state championship game at 11:30 a.m. Saturday at Service High School Field.

“I’m very excited,” Wallace Adams said. “It’s great to have a rivalry that goes all the way back to your hometown. It’s cool to see two teams from Juneau in the championship regardless of who wins.

Order a monster cone at this Greater Cincinnati dairy bar


Mhm mm hmm.

Order a monster ice cream cone at this Greater Cincinnati dairy bar

Craving some ice cream this weekend? Sometimes a little ice cream cone just isn’t enough, so if you want more, this Greater Cincinnati dairy bar is sure to satisfy your cravings.Mt. Healthy Dairy Bar is known for serving monster cones to customers. The monster cone is an extra large ice cream cone with stacked ice cream. You can get any flavor from the dairy bar, including its blue flavor, as a monster cone. Healthy Dairy Bar offers more than ice cream. It offers a variety of sorbets, showers, ice creams, food and more. The dairy bar is located at 7840 Hamilton Ave. at Mount Healthy. It is open from 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. daily. Click here to find out more.

Craving some ice cream this weekend? Sometimes a little ice cream cone just isn’t enough, so if you want more, this Greater Cincinnati dairy bar is sure to satisfy those cravings.

Mt. Healthy Dairy Bar is known for serving monster cones to customers. The monster cone is an extra large ice cream cone with stacked ice cream.

cone monster

You can get any flavor of the dairy bar, including its blue flavor, in monster cone form.

Mt. Healthy Dairy Bar offers more than ice cream. It offers a variety of sorbets, showers, ice creams, food and more.

The dairy bar is located at 7840 Hamilton Ave. at Mount Healthy. It is open from 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. daily.

Click here to find out more.

Fire at the newborn hospital in Senegal: a suspected short circuit


A hospital fire that killed 11 newborn babies in Senegal may have been caused by an electrical short circuit, the country’s health minister said on Thursday.

Diouf Sarr told local radio RFM: “When we heard about it, we called the management to find out what had happened. We were told there was a short circuit in the department. The nurses who were there intervened.

Sarr is in Geneva, Switzerland, where he is attending the World Health Assembly conference. He cut short his trip and will return to Senegal immediately, his ministry said.

The fire occurred at the Mame Abdou Aziz Sy Dabakh hospital in Senegal’s western town of Tivaouane, the country’s president, Macky Sall, said.

“I have just learned, with pain and dismay, of the death of 11 newborn babies,” Sall said. said in a tweet on Thursday. “I express my deepest sympathy to their mothers and their families,” he added.

CNN has contacted the hospital, but has not yet received a response.

Sall declared three days of national mourning from Thursday and flags will be flown at half mast during this period, a statement from the presidency said.

The president has also launched an investigation to determine the cause of the fire, the country’s Interior Minister Antoine Felix Abdoulaye Diome told reporters during a visit to the hospital on Wednesday night.

“Beyond that, he (Sall) asked that we review all the equipment and infrastructure dedicated to newborns who need help with machines for their care,” Diome said.

“We are going to do it here in Tivaouane and in all the hospitals in Senegal where there is a neonatology service,” he added.

Senegal’s Minister of Territorial Planning and Local Authorities, Cheikh Bamba Dièye, called the fatal incident “horrible and unacceptable” while calling for an investigation into the country’s health systems.

“I am appalled by the horrific and unacceptable deaths of 11 newborn babies in Tivaouane. The recurrence of tragedies in our hospitals reminds us of the obligation to thoroughly review the quality of service in our hospitals. My deepest condolences to the families,” he said. said in a Twitter post.

Senegal has a strong reputation for health care in West Africa and its response to Covid-19 has been praised by the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, among others.

However, the country has been rocked by recent health scandals, including a fire in the neonatal unit of a hospital in Linguère, northern Senegal, where four babies died.

Three midwives also caused outrage in the country earlier this month after they were accused of refusing a caesarean section to a pregnant woman. The woman is said to have died later.


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Debbie builds the first rewards platform to incentivize individuals to pay down their debt


Credit card use has grown exponentially since its introduction in the 1970s. While it has taken our consumer-driven economy to new economic heights, our reliance on credit has left us with bad financial habits. More and more Americans are in more debt than ever, with no way out of their financial hole. Debt is so prevalent in our society that pizza companies offer a buy-it-now, pay-later option to order via their online payment. Frida Leibowitz, Rachel Lauren and Maxime Fourmault help Americans reduce their addiction to credit with Debbie before they overdose financially. Debbie is a “habit-changing rewards platform” that leverages behavioral psychology to create financial products that empower users to get out of debt and into a healthier financial future. The Miami, Florida-based startup has raised $1.2 million from One Way Ventures, BDMI, TA Ventures, Village Global, Green Egg Ventures, Liquid2 Ventures, If Then Ventures, Dipanjan Bhattacharjee and several other angel investors.

Adam Moelis, co-founder of Yotta and angel investor in Debbie, says, “Many FinTech apps now offer financial wellness tools, but they often focus on short-term relief rather than habit building. sustainable finances. Debbie uses behavioral psychology concepts to create a personalized, engaging and accessible journey to debt freedom for those struggling with a perpetual cycle of debt, dramatically increasing their chances of long-term success.

Dipanjan Bhattacharjee, COO of Nirvana and angel investor in Debbie, says, “I have known Frida over the years and seen how smart and passionate she can be to get things done. I was very impressed with Debbie’s vision and the way Frida and Rachel wanted to challenge the status quo of debt consolidation loan offers. The rare combination of relevant experience, good skills and a positive attitude is what convinced me to invest and help in any way possible.

America’s reliance on debt has only gotten worse over time. As consumers are constantly in demand throughout the day, the temptation to spend only increases proportionally. Credit cards are incredibly useful for bridging the gap when you’re having cash flow problems or wanting to rack up rewards points, but they’re a double-edged sword once the bill comes due. Many Americans carry a balance each month, which puts them in a worse situation due to exorbitant credit card interest rates. (There’s also the common financial misconception that it’s better to have a balance to improve your credit score, which isn’t true. You should aim to pay off your balance every month!) credit card is crucial for having a high credit score. , which can impact your ability to access car or home loans and whether or not a potential employer will hire you. As US credit card use worsens, there is a lucrative market to help Americans get out of debt.

Consumer debt on credit cards has reached 841 billion dollars in the first quarter of 2022. With such massive debt, it is unlikely that every user will be able to pay off their balance quickly. Payday loan companies take advantage of individuals and families in financial difficulty, lending them money at interest rates that would make credit card companies blush, being greater than 600% in some cases. The stigma of debt can affect someone so deeply psychologically that they begin to no longer be a functioning member of society. Leibowitz, Lauren and Fourmault can intervene with Debbie before it’s too late for individuals and families in debt.

Debbie offers its users a rewards platform for paying off debt, putting them on the path to having positive net worth and cash flow. The startup encourages positive and constructive behavior with financial incentives for users to develop good financial habits. The founders believe that the technical implementation of their solution is easy; but the real challenge is understanding its users’ relationship and habits with money and integrating those lessons into the core of Debbie’s platform. Debbie uses cognitive behavioral therapy and behavioral psychology to help users better understand the drivers of their drinking habits. By drawing the user’s attention to these spending habits through the app, the startup is able to design real-time reward actions to gradually change consumer behavior.

The startup’s current offering puts it on a path to offering future products and services that simultaneously incentivize debt repayment and savings, and more importantly, help users build long-term wealth through access to property, investment and retirement. When it comes to credit specifically, the data Debbie collects can provide a more dynamic, real-time perspective of the credit card user, which can be helpful to lenders in deciding who they approve for loans in the form of mortgage or other loan products. Leibowitz herself has already been in deep debt, both individually and her family. As much as she is building a product for others as her customers, she is building a tool that she and her family wish they had as they financially navigated America. Fortunately, her partnership with her co-founders makes Debbie’s massive potential impact a reality as the days go by.

CEO Leibowitz says, “I grew up in a single-parent, immigrant, uneducated family that didn’t have access to financial education and always struggled with debt. As an adult, I fell into the same debt trap and racked up $15,000 in credit card debt at age 21. Hoping to make a difference for others, I spent my early career days in digital consumer lending and had the unique opportunity to sit in the seats of borrower and lender simultaneously. I grew increasingly frustrated that our current financial system is quick to topple us when we misbehave, but doesn’t do a good enough job of celebrating our victories.

Leibowitz leads the founding trio as CEOs. She graduated from NYU’s Stern School of Business with a degree in business and political economics and was previously a member of the core team at Goldman Sachs Credit Risk and Product, working on the company’s consumer credit card product. , Marcus. Lauren, COO of Debbie, earned her degree in Business Economics and Policy from NYU’s Stern School of Business and previously worked as a venture capitalist at BDMI and did equity research at Credit Suisse. The team is completed by Fourmault, a graduate of the Private School of Computer Science (EPSI). A computer science graduate, he previously worked at Earnest as a management engineer and has previous entrepreneurial experience. These three combine their deep financial background and temper it with a healthy respect for mental health as entrepreneurs. Together, they will get Americans and their families out of debt and create wealth for generations to come.

Researchers search for unipolar magnets by combining cosmic rays and particle accelerators


According to a new study published in Physical examination letters.

Magnets are intimately familiar to everyone, with many applications in everyday life, from televisions and computers to children’s toys. However, breaking any magnet, such as a navigational compass needle consisting of north and south poles in half, will result in just two smaller bipolar magnets. This mystery has eluded researchers for decades since 1931, when physicist Paul Dirac theorized the existence of unipolar “magnetic monopoles” – particles comparable to electrons but with a magnetic charge.

To determine if magnetic monopoles exist, an international team of researchers, including Volodymyr Takhistov, a member of the Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU) at the University of Tokyo, studied available data from a variety of Earth experiments and performed the most sensitive research to date for monopoles over a wide range of possible masses. The researchers focused on an unusual source of monopoles – atmospheric collisions of cosmic rays that have been happening for eons.

The interdisciplinary research required bringing together expertise from several distinct scientific fields, including accelerator physics, neutrino interactions and cosmic rays.

The collisions of cosmic rays with the atmosphere have already played a central role in the advancement of science, in particular the exploration of ghostly neutrinos. This led to Kavli IPMU Senior Fellow Takaaki Kajita’s 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery by the Super-Kamiokande experiment that neutrinos oscillate in flight, implying that they have mass.

Partially inspired by the Super-Kamiokande results, the team set to work on the monopoles. Lightweight monopoles with masses around the electroweak scale, which can be easily accessed by conventional particle accelerators, were particularly intriguing.

By performing simulations of cosmic ray collisions, analogous to particle collisions at CERN’s LHC, the researchers obtained a persistent beam of light monopoles raining down on different experiments on Earth.

This unique source of monopoles is particularly interesting, as it is independent of any pre-existing monopoles such as those potentially left as relics from the early Universe, and covers a wide range of energies.

By reanalyzing data from a wide range of previous experimental monopole searches, the researchers identified new limits on monopoles over a wide range of masses, including those beyond the reach of conventional collider monopole searches. .

These results and the source of monopoles studied by the researchers will serve as a useful reference for interpreting future monopole research in terrestrial laboratories.

Climate change reveals unique artifacts in melting ice sheets


One day, over 3000 years ago, someone lost a shoe in the place we now call Langfonne in the Jotunheimen mountains. The shoe is 28 cm long, which roughly corresponds to a modern size 36 or 37. The owner probably considered the shoe to be permanently lost, but on September 17, 2007, it was found, virtually intact.

Around 2000 BCE, a red-winged thrush died at Skirådalskollen in the Dovrefjell mountain range. His little body was quickly buried under a sheet of ice. Reappearing 4,000 years later, his internal organs are still intact.

In recent years, hundreds of such discoveries have been made in patches of ice, revealing traces of hunting, trapping, trafficking, animal and plant life – small, frozen moments from the past.

Exceptional discoveries every year

Norway has a soil that is still quite acidic, which means that organic matter from the past is poorly retained in the soil. Glaciers often displace – and crush – what they hide beneath the surface. Ice sheets, on the other hand, are relatively stable and therefore create exceptional conditions for the preservation of organic matter.

“Items and remains of animals and human activity have been discovered that we didn’t even know existed. They include everything from harness and clothing to arrows with shell tips, wooden shafts and feathers. Not a year goes by without startling discoveries that shift the boundaries of our understanding,” says Birgitte Skar, archaeologist and associate professor at the NTNU University Museum (the Norwegian University of Science and Technology). She is one of the researchers at the origin of a new report (in Norwegian with an English summary) which summarizes the state of knowledge in glacial archeology in Norway.

The report describes a variety of fabulous findings but also paints a grim picture.

Only a few ice patches with potential finds have been systematically studied over time, and they have barely been studied in northern Norway.

Short-term funding results in a lack of continuity in monitoring and securing ice patch artifacts. Some research has been done on the findings, but it barely scratches the surface. All the while, all of this knowledge is melting away at record speed.

The most recent surveys by the Norwegian Directorate of Water Resources and Energy (NVE) show that 364 square kilometers of Norwegian snow patches and glaciers have melted since 2006.

The monitoring program is late

“A survey based on satellite images taken in 2020 shows that more than 40% of the 10 selected ice slabs with known finds have melted. These numbers suggest a significant threat to the preservation of ice finds, let alone ice as climate archives,” says Skar.

“Now is the time to establish a national monitoring program using remote sensing and to systematically secure archaeological finds and biological remains from ice patches. We should also use this program to collect glaciological data from different parts of the country, because ice sheets can provide detailed data on how the climate has changed over the past 7,500 years,” she said.

Unimaginable possibilities

The oldest find to emerge from the ice in Norway is a 6,100-year-old spire. Like the shoe, it was also found at Langfonne in the Jotunheimen mountain range.

Finds from here and several other places indicate that these areas were continuously used as hunting grounds for as long as the ice was there. This means that they offer an unrivaled source of archaeological information.

“We are starting to assess whether the ice in some places could have survived the warm period that followed the last ice age, which would mean that the bottom layer of the ice could be remnants of the ice sheet from this period. This possibility provides unprecedented opportunities to trace the history and climate activity of these hunting grounds even further back in time,” says Skar.

“We must remember that the oldest population group in Norway descended from reindeer hunters who hunted in northern Europe and southern Scandinavia near the edge of the ice cap, at the end of the period In other words, these are people who would have known how to hunt large cloven-hoofed animals and would have understood the behaviors of animals,” adds Skar.

Reindeer seek patches of ice during hot, muddy summers, and the Sami people have also used these areas for a variety of purposes, including branding calves, milking and separating animals. However, the Sami’s use of inland ice has been little studied.

“Sami uses would likely expand the known range of uses and significance of snow patches. Information from these tradition bearers is urgently needed,” says Skar.

Mummified birds and animals

Human activity over the millennia isn’t the only story revealed by the discoveries of ice patches. Animal and plant remains also provide new insights into the ice as an ecosystem, such as reindeer bones from 4,200 years ago that still contain intact bone marrow, as well as several mammals and birds. whole mummified.

According to Jørgen Rosvold, the finds are often very well preserved and can provide genetic information about several very old species. They can show how species have responded to climate change and human disturbances in the past.

Rosvold was also involved in the report. He is a biologist and deputy research director at the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA). He explains that ice is one of the least studied and least understood ecosystems in the world, so we know very little about ice as a habitat.

“Our findings show that the ice in the mountains provided important habitats for many mountain species for thousands of years down to the present day. Fauna finds also provide baseline information for archaeological finds, e.g. example by showing what species people might have hunted on the snow patches,” says Rosvold.

“We used to think of ice as desolate and lifeless and therefore not very important. This is changing now, but it is urgent. Large amounts of unique material are melting and disappearing forever. Discoveries can provide insights important on the history of people and nature,” he said.

Earth will once again become a great supercontinent

  • Geoscientists say Earth will be home to a massive supercontinent in about 200 million years; there are four major versions of this mega-continent.
  • The climate can be surprisingly mild in one of the more popular versions, but there is also the potential for an ice age.
  • In the event that a post-human species survives, it may need to be in a state of equilibrium with the natural ecosystem.

    Pangea (or Pangea), the massive landmass that united all seven continents into one massive continent during Earth’s prehistory, broke apart around 200 million years ago. In a fascinating twist in Earth’s evolution, it turns out that we’re about 200 million years away from the formation of a new supercontinent similar to Pangeasay the scientists.

    There are four dominant versions of the evolution of this supercontinent, according to a research paper published in Geological Magazine in 2018.

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    In the first scenario, we assume that the Atlantic Ocean continues to open, while the Pacific Ocean continues to close. The Pacific Ocean, on the other hand, is full of subduction zones, or places where oceanic plates sink into continental plates and then into the Earth’s mantle. (This is also why 80 percent large earthquakes occur on the edges of the Pacific Ocean, also known as the “Ring of Fire”.)

    As a result of this tectonic activity, the Americas continue to separate from Europe and Africa, which means they eventually slam into Antarctica heading north, and eventually Africa, Europe and Asia, which will have already been crowded. During this time, Australia will have docked in East Asia. The result is a huge mega-continent called “Novopangea” (Greco-Latin for “New Pangea”).

    In the “Pangea Proxima” (or “next Pangea”) scenario, the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean continue to expand until new subduction zones pull the continents back, causing Eurasia to collide with the rest of the continents. To visualize the end result, imagine a ring-shaped landmass with a small ocean basin at its center.

    The Pacific and the Atlantic are really old – a huge 200 million and 180 million years, respectively. What if they both close? In this case, the supercontinent of “Auric(a portmanteau of “Australia” and “America”) was born.

    “We assume there are only two oceans, the Atlantic and the Pacific. But on Earth you have more options, like the Indian Ocean,” says Joao C. Duarte, assistant professor of tectonics at the University of Lisbon in Portugal, who is also the creator of the Aurica hypothesis. “It’s possible to close both the Atlantic and the Pacific, because they’re both very old right now,” Duarte said. Popular mechanics. All you need is a third ocean. It’s already there and it’s the Indian Ocean, the youngest of the group, “only” about 140 million years. Thus, if the Indian Ocean opens in the future and the Pacific and the Atlantic close, the seven continents will become a single great auric around the equator.

    To finish, the “Amasia” (a portmanteau of “Americas” and “Asia”) the theory speculates that the Atlantic and Pacific will remain open, while the Arctic Ocean will close. In this case, all continents except Antarctica will begin to move north and settle near the North Pole. “You end up with just a huge ocean around the North Pole and Antarctica on the other side,” says Duarte.

    “Once continents reach supercontinent status, carbon dioxide emissions from volcanic activity are a major uncertainty.”

    In research published in the journal Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems in July 2021, researchers used 3D global climate models to simulate the impact of Earth’s Aurica and Amasia arrangements on our climate. If you’re a fan of Netflix’s post-apocalyptic dystopian thriller series snowdrops, in which the entire world is frozen except for a train called Snowpiercer that endlessly circles the Earth, rejoice. If the Amasia scenario overshadows the others, and all landmasses around the North and South Poles, the lack of land in between will disrupt the ocean conveyor belt, a constantly moving ocean circulation system that transports heat from the equator to the poles, making the poles not only colder, but covered in ice all year round. “All that ice would reflect heat back into space,” Michael Way, a physicist from the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York, who led the July 2021 study, says Popular mechanics.

    Aurica, on the other hand, could turn out to be a surfer’s paradise. “This supercontinent will be near the equator, so it will likely be a bit warmer and possibly drier than Earth today,” says Duarte, who thinks Aurica is the most likely supercontinent scenario. and Amasia the least likely. A warmer Earth (by three degrees Celsius, according to their models) could lead to a proliferation of Brazilian-style coastlines, with beautiful white sand beaches, enchanting coral reefs and sand dune complexes, but also strong ocean currents .

    There is a catch, however. A glacial Amasia would wipe out nearly all life on Earth, sparing only life in the ocean…water world, no one? But that doesn’t mean the gentler Aurica won’t be cruel to many species. “Many species will face fierce competition and fight for survival as continents come together. We should expect mass extinctions,” says Duarte.

    For Alex Pullen, an assistant professor of environmental engineering and earth sciences at Clemson University in South Carolina, we encounter some challenges when we try to look this far into the future. For starters, we have no idea what vegetation will look like in 200 million years. “Plants have a profound impact on atmospheric chemistry, precipitation, clouds, and albedo (which is the fraction of light a surface reflects),” says Pullen Popular mechanics. “Additionally, once continents reach supercontinent status, carbon dioxide emissions from volcanic activity are a major uncertainty.”

    Also, we have no idea what greenhouse gases will look like in the future, nor do we know how ocean and atmospheric circulation around Aurica and Amasia would impact these greenhouse gases,” continues Pullen. “No aerosols (microscopic solid or liquid particles suspended in the air or as a gas) were also included in the models, which are profoundly important for the climate,” he says.

    But Way knows there’s a whole host of things beyond our forecast, given the way we’re abusing the planet. “We can’t quite understand how climate change or the filling of the oceans with pollution and plastic is going to affect the planet,” he says. He is pessimistic about humans, but not about the planet. “For most of the last four billion years, our planet has experienced fairly temperate conditions on its surface, except for a few small periods of time. We don’t fully understand how the planet has handled this. is amazing, isn’t it?” he says. “The planet will probably recover from the abuse we have inflicted on it.”

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    Perhaps humans will also survive, but in a more evolved way. Beware, we have been conditioned to believe that evolution is directional.

    “We believe that evolution is always in the direction of improvement. “Yes, we are very smart,” we say, says Duarte. “Maybe in the future there will be superintelligence, but that’s assuming intelligence is always a good thing,” Duarte continues. There are theories that intelligent species come with a baggage of self-destruction. “We have the ability to create nuclear weapons that can kill all of humanity,” Duarte said, referring to the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian war. For a post-human species to survive 50 to 250 million years from now, you need more than intelligence: you need to live in harmony with the surrounding ecosystem, says Duarte.

    In any case, these changes will not happen in our lifetime, or in the lifetime of our grandchildren, or even in the lifetime of 1,000 grandchildren, as Way puts it. They are already happening though. You don’t feel it, but everything changes, constantly, subtly, imperceptibly.

    “We have mountain constructions on Earth. We have new islands being generated in the Pacific by volcanism… The plates are still moving on the planet and there is a Richter-6 earthquake every day somewhere on the planet,” says Way. We’re probably halfway through a major planetary transition, and we don’t even know it.

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    Instant Personal Loans vs Other Personal Loan Options


    Trying to decide which personal loan option is best for you? Should you get a credit card or take out an instant personal loan? Personal Loan Apps are here to help you learn more about your personal borrowing options!

    Representative picture

    H1: Instant personal loans vs. other personal borrowing options

    How do credit cards work? Are instant personal loans different from personal lines of credit? what is a online loan application? These are all valid questions about personal borrowing. It’s good to be aware of your options so that when you need to take out a loan, you know which products and services best suit your needs.

    Personal borrowing is an ever-changing landscape and we’re here to help you navigate it. Here’s our ultimate cheat sheet on all your personal borrowing options with everything you need to know about mortgages, payday loans, secured personal loans, and more!

    H2: Instant Personal Loans

    In today’s advanced digital age, financial services are becoming increasingly accessible and cutting-edge. Instant Personal Loans are one such product of the digital renaissance in the lending industry. While the traditional loan application and approval process took days to weeks, instant personal loans only take a day or two.

    The fast disbursement makes it ideal for anyone in need of urgent funding. Moreover, the simple and straightforward procedure of instant personal loans along with the absence of any collateral make them a top choice for those looking for small loans.

    Instant personal loans are granted by banks, non-bank financial companies and personal loan applications. As an online lending app, we provide easy access to loans for anyone with a smartphone.

    H2: Credit cards

    Credit cards are a popular and ubiquitous form of personal borrowing. There are a wide variety of credit cards available in the market and each of them has its own conditions and features. However, the general system remains the same. A credit card has a preset limit on the amount you can borrow. You are charged for anything you buy using the card and you must repay the balance in full each month.

    If you have an outstanding balance, you will have to pay interest on it. The interest rate differs depending on the credit card company. Different lenders also have different rules for going over your credit card limit.

    Compared to instant personal loans, credit cards have a short repayment period. So, if you need more time to repay the loan, applying for a personal loan online or through an app is a better option. Additionally, credit cards may have annual maintenance fees, unlike instant personal loans.

    H2: Traditional loans

    Traditional loans allow you to borrow a fixed amount for a fixed term with a predetermined repayment schedule. Often borrowed money must be used for a specific reason. It can look like a home loan, car loan or mortgage. These loans tend to be secured loans and require you to put up an asset as collateral.

    On the contrary, instant personal loans are unsecured loans and the money can be used at your discretion.

    H2: Personal line of credit

    A personal line of credit is a revolving, flexible credit account that lets you borrow money up to a limit, without having to borrow the full amount all at once. You only pay interest on the amount borrowed. These often have maintenance fees and are more expensive than traditional secured loans.

    These options often have variable interest rates. While most instant personal loans, including those granted through a personal loan app, have a fixed interest rate. This makes it easier to calculate future expenses that you will incur due to the loan.

    H2: Payday Loans

    Payday loans are short term unsecured loans. They can be taken for a few days and reimbursement is expected once you receive your salary for that month. However, they often have high interest rates and hidden fees. Thus, we recommend safer borrowing options such as traditional loans and instant personal loans.

    If you are considering taking out a loan, especially in a financial emergency, or have a below average credit history, Instant Personal Loans Online offers you a fast application process, holistic approval standards and rapid disbursement of funds.

    Astro Bob: Meet Boötes, the Ice Cream Cone Constellation – Duluth News Tribune


    What is your favorite flavor of ice cream? Mine is maple and walnut, but I wouldn’t turn down a bowl of plain vanilla either. I like mine wrapped in a waffle cone. The kind with a chocolate chip waiting for you at the pointed end. What a satisfying finish!

    Since we are well into ice season (do we need a season?), it seems like the time is right to introduce Boötes the Shepherd, a constellation that grows in prominence in May and June.

    Bootes and an ice cream cone share a similar shape. The constellation offers a more generous scoop of ice cream than this modest treat. Arcturus shines at the narrow tip of the cone.

    Contributed / Bob King

    Two things about Boötes: people, even amateur astronomers, are a bit unsure of its pronunciation, and it’s shaped like – you guessed it – an ice cream cone. Don’t be intimidated by the umlaut above the “o”, as if you had to know German to say it correctly. It’s there to remind us to voice each “o” separately instead of executing them. So it’s bo-oh-teez. Not BOO-teez. I know. It still seems a bit ridiculous.

    Y asterism
    You can connect the brightest stars of Boötes and the nearby constellation Corona Borealis the northern crown to form a letter “Y” shaped asterism.

    Contributed / Bob King

    Finding the constellation is super simple. The next clear night as soon as it gets dark, face south and look straight up. You will see a bright orange star. It is Arcturus (arc-TOUR-us), the fourth brightest star in the night sky. It is only 36.7 light years from Earth, one of the reasons it shines so brightly. Another is that it’s a behemoth – a giant orange star 25 times bigger than the sun that emits around 100 times more light.

    Now close your fist and hold it up to the sky. A fist above and slightly to the left of Arcturus, you will see a fainter second magnitude star named Izar on the left side of the cone. From Izar, connect the dots to arrive at Nekkar, the “cherry” perched atop an imaginary mound of ice cream. Then star jump to the right side of the cone, past Seginus and back to Arcturus. Two “rays” of stars come out from each side of the star. Think of them as describing a cardboard cone holder.

    Bow to Arcturus
    In winter, you can find Arcturus by following the arc of the ladle handle. Bootes is on the side in the eastern sky at this time of year.

    Contributed / Bob King

    That’s all we can say about it. The entire constellation spans about two and a half fists or 25°. Boötes has long been associated with the Big Dipper, the Big Dipper, the brightest part of which we know as the Big Dipper. In late winter, when Boötes first rises in the east after dusk, you can easily find Arcturus by simply following the arc of the ladle handle toward the horizon.

    The myth of the boots
    Boötes is depicted with Canes Venatici the Hounds and Coma Berenices (Hair of Berenice) in a 19th century star atlas.

    Contribution / The Mirror of Urania, William Jamieson

    Boötes depicts an executioner or herder, but is better known as the Bear Guard because the figure appears to follow the bear as it orbits the North Star during the year. The name Arcturus suggests this – it means bear keeper from ancient Greek “arktos” (bear) and “ouros” (watcher).

    All the stars are in motion as they orbit the center of the Milky Way, but you’d never know that at a glance. Even the nearest ones are so distant that a human lifetime is far too short to see them change position. Orion looks the same when you draw Social Security as the day you first looked into your mother’s eyes.

    Arcturus moves!
    Compare these two Boötes maps from 300 BC and today, and you’ll see how Arcturus has shifted a little to the southwest, subtly altering the shape of the constellation.

    Contribution / Stellarium

    That said, Arcturus is one of the fastest. Not only is it close, but it also crosses our field of vision at the rate of just over a tenth of a full moon’s diameter per century. This adds up to two full moon diameters or 1° every 1,500 years. Since ancient Greece, Arcturus has slipped more than 1° to the southwest. A sharp-eyed observer would have no problem detecting its movement over this period of time. But until we have a time machine, I’m afraid we’ll have to settle for a few select telescopic stars if we want to see movement in our lives.

    Arcturus is currently near its closest point to Earth and glows with a bright, warm glow. In 150,000 years, when it is considerably farther away, it will be too faint to see with the naked eye – our distant descendants won’t even notice it. All the more reason to step out now to enjoy the Herdsman and Bear Star.

    “Astro” Bob King is a freelance writer for the Duluth News Tribune.

    Engineers measure snowpack to predict flooding


    As you have heard, a flood advisory is now in effect until this (Monday) morning for the Chena River near the North Pole and upstream of its headwaters. There is also a flood watch on the Salcha River.

    The river level on Upper Chena rose gradually over the weekend, and the National Weather Service reports minor flooding in low-lying or flood-prone areas, including along the Chena Hot Springs Road and area. from Steamboat Landing to the North Pole. The latest river forecasts are at weather.gov/aprfc.

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers – Alaska District regulates flow on the Chena by operating the Moose Creek Dam as part of the Chena River Lakes Flood Control Project at the North Pole.

    USACE, in partnership with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service, uses snow survey data to predict potential flooding during ice breakup, collecting data from nine monitoring in the Chena River Basin. This is how they estimate the volume of water when the snowpack melts in the mountains…to anticipate when to close the dam gates and prevent flooding downstream in Fairbanks.

    Lauren Olivier


    USACE – District of Alaska

    The Chena River meanders through downtown Fairbanks at dusk on April 30, 2022.

    After the 1967 Fairbanks flood that caused approximately $80 million in damage, the Chena Project was built in the 1970s to protect the city, the North Pole, and Fort Wainwright from future disasters.

    Although the floodplain behind the dam remains dry for most of the year, USACE officials may retain water when river levels are high due to heavy snowmelt, ice jams or heavy rains. Since its construction, the 7½ mile earth dam has operated 30 times.

    Rosie Duncan, a USACE employee who helped with the snow survey work, says the Fairbanks area is still feeling the effects of December’s record snowfall and freezing rain event.

    Chena River Basin

    An aerial image of the Chena River Basin near Pleasant Valley and Munson Ridge on March 30, 2022.

    Nathan Epps, head of the hydraulics and hydrology section, says that “snow records measured approximately double the normal snow-water equivalent in the Chena watershed, which is the highest recorded since the beginning of measurements in 1980”.

    During normal operations, the Moose Creek Dam regulates the flow of the Chena River to no more than 12,000 cubic feet per second through downtown Fairbanks.

    The effects of flooding downstream along the river also depend on conditions in the Tanana and Little Chena rivers as well as local drainages. Low-lying areas near the Chena River may experience minor flooding, while elevated groundwater may occur for several thousand feet downstream of the dam.

    Mega project

    Meanwhile, construction will begin this spring to strengthen the structure. Dubbed a “mega project” and funded by the recently enacted Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, the Bauer Foundation Corp. of Florida was awarded a $75.5 million contract to establish an on-site mixed concrete barrier wall at the base of the dam that spans 6,200 linear feet at depths of up to 65 feet.

    The project stems from a 2017 modification study that recommended strengthening the dam to extend its life and improve the protection of the greater Fairbanks area for many years to come. Construction is expected to be complete by January 2026. The dam will continue to operate and regulate the flow of the Chena River as needed while work is underway.

    “The successful completion of this modification project will allow us to address the risks associated with aging infrastructure and deliver an upgraded infrastructure that is built to last,” DeRocchi said.

    The public is encouraged to stay informed of weather and flooding conditions by monitoring news reports and social media posts. It is also recommended that people remove their belongings from low areas, such as basements and crawl spaces, to protect these items from potential flood damage.

    As the USACE prepares for a busy spring that may involve the operation of the Moose Creek Dam to reduce flood risk and make safety improvements to the structure itself, local citizens can rest assured that the team has their best interest in mind.

    “Public safety is always our top priority,” DeRocchi said.

    See Mars on Earth (here we are on a planet!) — High Country News – Know the West


    Kim Stanley Robinson explains how the High Sierra influenced his science fiction.

    Hard on the heels from his latest science fiction novel, The ministry of the future — a searing vision of climate change in the near future — just released Kim Stanley Robinson The High Sierra: A Love Story. The book is a gripping memoir intertwined with musings on history, literature, geology, ecology, politics, and psychogeography, all threaded through the narrative thread of the author’s lifelong enchantment with hiking and scrambling in a trailless desert on a precarious planet spinning in space.

    This interview has been edited for length and clarity.

    Jon Christensen: How did High Sierra influence your science fiction?

    Kim Stanley Robinson: I think it was formative, in a very deep sense. I was surprised at how many of my texts have High Sierra analogies. Right from the start I can see when Hjalmar Nederland wanders around Mars in Icehenge, it was a walk in the Sierra. And it kept event. That was true in my Mars trilogy. Terraforming Mars is really cheating. Mars is basalt rather than granite. It’s toxic rather than healthy. So turning Mars into High Sierras required something like a 2,000-page novel to make it even slightly plausible. I love when my novels find their way to take a long walk. It is also a gesture towards Ursula K. Le Guin. In The left hand of darknesswhen Genly Ai and Estraven have to take a long hike across the glacier, it’s brilliant writing, and it’s always inspired me.

    JC: Did the process work the other way around? Did your science fiction influence your experience of the High Sierra?

    KSR: When you’re hiking in the High Sierra, you’re high enough on this planet that you can look out into the Central Valley and into the Owens Valley and think, “Look, you’re on a planet here.” It’s kind of a sci-fi moment. This leads to other ideas. Like, what’s the future of wilderness? Is there wilderness in the Anthropocene? And what are we going to do with this planet in the future? And then I also think of the deep past. What about the first people who arrived here? Somewhere between 20,000 and 10,000 years ago, humans roamed these spaces, and they had hiking kits that were no different from ours. They used leather, wood and other natural materials to create lightweight objects that they could carry on their backs and be comfortable at the end of the day. When I’m up there hiking, my literary imagination, a historical imagination, is definitely fired up.

    JC: What has changed in the High Sierra in your lifetime?

    KSR: The bottom line is that climate change has hit the Sierra. The fires mean that there is often smoke up there and the lower parts have burned. And the glaciers go, go, are gone. I saw it with my own eyes. I climbed to the head of Deadman Canyon, where there were seven glaciers, and now there is only one. And it’s very small. It will be gone in three, four years. In the Sierras, everything happens faster than we thought. You know, I was hoping that I would die before that happened, and it would be someone else’s problem. But no, it will be something I will see on every trip for the rest of my life.

    JC: And what do you think of the future of Sierra Nevada?

    KSR: I have thought about this a lot. I think it’s a practice honed by writing science fiction. This is where we are, this is the trajectory we are on, so let’s extrapolate. The Sierra is part of the 30 by 30 plan for California, keeping 30% of California wild by 2030. And they’re thinking 50 by 50 to follow. The Sierras will be very important for this. The tree ring data indicates very clearly that there have been prodigious droughts in the American West, and we may be entering another. That doesn’t mean the Sierras will die out and be just dead rock. There are extremophiles out there. The life forms up there are used to desiccation, and then to being under the snow. And being so high up and so close to the Pacific, they’re going to get some precipitation. Maybe it will be really irregular; possibly the Arizona monsoon from the Gulf of California in July. But it won’t turn into one of those totally moonscapes you see in some places, including other places in the American West. It will always be a little greener, a little more varied, a little more Sierra. That’s what I see when I try to push it forward. He will be injured, damaged. It will change. But it won’t be dead. It’s a little comfort.

    It’s kind of a sci-fi moment. This leads to other ideas. Like, what’s the future of wilderness? Is there wilderness in the Anthropocene? And what are we going to do with this planet in the future?

    JC: You participated very recently in the designation of Mount Thoreau. And your book addresses the debate over renaming some of the Sierra peaks named after racists and eugenicists. What is your guiding philosophy for naming the landscape?

    KSR: I think there is no harm in naming woodpeckers after humans as a gesture to honor them and what they stood for. But almost all of Sierra’s names came from the period between the Civil War and World War II. And they kind of screwed it up. All the philosophy of the time concerned the great men of history. On the one hand, it was intensely masculine. On the other hand, they were entrepreneurs. Stanford has two; there are two Mount Stanfords in the Sierra Nevada. So those names are crap. And if there’s the equivalent of a Confederate monument up there, which there is, let’s take it down. These magnificent peaks should have better names. Native American names should go back to where we know them.

    JC: One name you think should stick around is John Muir. Why do you think Muir needs to defend now?

    KSR: I feel like his defense attorney. And, of course, he wasn’t perfect. Nobody is perfect. I also try to interrogate my own feelings now and realize that I’m partly interested in questions of historiography, like, how do we judge people from the past? And what is the psychological motivation for judging historical figures for doing good or evil? Is it part of the judgment we pass on ourselves? I think it must be. Then it gets even more interesting. I’m interested in Muir. I have read all of his writings, including his unpublished works in the archives. Muir has a bad reputation. Out of, I guess, 3,000 to 4,000 published pages, there are, indeed, at least three or four pages of nasty commentary on Native Americans. Muir did not understand that he was looking at a devastated refugee population. He looked at the prisoners. That was stupid of Muir. And he had prejudices, it’s true. But in reality, he was a great admirer of Native American cultures.

    JC: What do you think Muir still has to offer us – now and in the future. Why shouldn’t we bury him for good?

    KSR: For Native Americans, Muir is the symbol of the colonial appropriation of Native lands by European settlers. So we have white settler colonialism and the incredible pent up guilt of the suppression and near extermination of the Native American population on this land. How, then, do you take care of this land? Like Wes Jackson’s book Become a native of this place, how do you do? It’s really a religious issue, in a way — the transcendental idea that nature is a sacred space, that God is imminent, that you can transcend by paying close attention to nature. As a powerful public intellectual of his time, Muir was a crucial figure. He was also an early reader of Thoreau. He reads Walden when he was young. He read all 20 volumes of the complete works of Thoreau. For Native Americans in California, Muir represents the appropriation of their ancestral lands, even if, compared to the armed military men who killed and hunted them, he was just a hippie figure wandering up there saying, “This place is beautiful!” But also, the story is not determinative. In terms of advice for us, for what to do now, it is extremely ambiguous. You can take what you want from it.

    JC: Not a big fan of the John Muir Trail, though, or bagging peaks. You prefer to get off the beaten track, cross nameless passes and cross high basins without paths. It seems to be almost a philosophy. Why?

    KSR: Well, it’s beautiful. And you can do it. The Sierra is a huge eroded plateau. So, unlike some other mountain ranges in the world, like the Swiss Alps, you can walk around without putting yourself in immediate danger and without having to climb vertically. The John Muir Trail now receives 90% of traffic in the Sierra. There is a lot of wilderness with no trails and very few names. When you hike and scramble, you get off the trail, but you’re not putting your life in danger. Problems can be solved with intense cognitive and physical effort. And you can get a little jittery thrill, like, oh my God, I better not fall here. But even if you fall, you’re not going to kill yourself at the bottom of that fall, which is exactly what I don’t like about rock climbing. So hiking and scrambling is a very nice activity. To be completely honest, I’m playing a game up there. It’s all for fun. I’m like a 5 year old in a gymnasium in the jungle. And it’s just a spectacular gym in the jungle.

    Jon Christensen teaches and does research at the Institute of the Environment and Sustainability and the Luskin Center for Innovation at UCLA, where he is one of the founders of the Laboratory for Environmental Narrative Strategies.

    High Court approves new Amigo Loans business scheme


    A High Court judge has accepted Amigo Loans’ proposed new business plan in a crucial step towards the company resuming lending.

    Monday’s announcement marks a turnaround for the subprime lender, although it has yet to raise new capital and receive clearance from the Financial Conduct Authority.

    Amigo, which offers loans based on someone else’s guarantee, stopped lending in November 2020, citing uncertainty caused by the pandemic. It has not been able to resume operations since due to a dispute over compensation for historic mis-selling.

    The company has faced complaints from consumers who accused it of not checking whether their loans were affordable.

    “A successful New Business Scheme will open the door to a new source of responsible and regulated finance for millions of people in this country who do not have access to traditional banking services,” Chief Executive Gary Jennison said.

    A previous “scheme of arrangement” proposed by Amigo that would have limited compensation payments to a greater extent was rejected by the FCA, which said it unfairly benefited shareholders rather than customers.

    The new scheme offers more compensation, in part due to better-than-expected loan repayments in 2021.

    Under the new scheme, Amigo will pay compensation of at least £112 million on the condition that it can resume lending within 9 months of the scheme being approved and that it can complete a rights issue in 12 months after approval.

    Over the past year, Amigo’s share price has fallen more than 66% despite rising a modest 6.6% since January.

    The UK regulator has cracked down on so-called non-standard finance providers in recent years in response to concerns about rising consumer debt.

    The number of active short-term high-cost lenders in the UK fell by almost a third between 2016 and the third quarter of 2020, according to FCA figures. Meanwhile, Wonga, once the UK’s biggest payday loan provider, filed for administration in 2018 after a flurry of customer complaints.

    Others, like subprime lender Provident Financial, have stopped serving those with the worst credit ratings, leaving this group with a lack of options other than loan sharks and illegal money lending.

    In March, Provident Financial chief executive Malcolm Le May told the Financial Times that many of those considered “high risk” for credit were turning to buy now and pay later, a form interest-free online credit available for retail purchases.

    Jennison also warned that the UK was “sleepwalking into debt” following the buy it now, pay later.

    Avalanche forecaster: Butte native helps guide snow clearing at Glacier National Park | Local


    She faces each workday with uncertainty.

    His job is to declare an educated prediction about a winter threat notorious for its unpredictability.

    Gabrielle Antonioli, 32, from Butte, works for Glacier National Park as an avalanche forecaster. She began seasonal work in April, when crews began clearing snow along Going-to-the-Sun Road. Departure to the east and to the west.

    As an avalanche forecaster at Glacier National Park, Gabrielle Antonioli must climb to high altitudes to monitor snow conditions to try to protect workers below plowing the Going-to-the-Sun road.

    Courtesy picture

    Nobody wants a snow removal crew member, searcher or park ranger to be swept away by the snow rolling down like a powdery white locomotive. Yet in recent years there has been pressure from merchants and visitors to open the road as soon as possible.

    On Tuesday, the National Park Service estimated that the Going-to-the-Sun road will open no earlier than June 27 this year.

    Antonioli is about to earn his master’s degree in snow science at Montana State University. Her curriculum vitae and her experience in the field paint the portrait of an expert in avalanches.

    People also read…

    avalanche forecaster

    Butte native Gabrielle Antonioli works as an avalanche forecaster at Glacier National Park. His role requires him to work in the field to assess avalanche risk and monitor snow movement.

    Courtesy picture

    She has worked for the American Avalanche Institute, Montana Alpine Guides and as a trainee forecaster at the Gallatin National Forest Avalanche Center.

    “Bozeman is the epicenter of a lot of scientific work on snow,” Antonioli said.

    In total, she spent about eight years in the specialized field of avalanche forecasting, gaining knowledge from mentors and the behavior of snow itself.

    “I’m quite young for snow science because it takes time to gain knowledge and awareness through experience,” Antonioli said.

    Clean up the station

    Gabrielle Antonioli cleans a US Geological Survey weather station in Glacier National Park. The station provides useful data for her and two other forecasters monitoring avalanche danger.

    Courtesy picture

    She is the first avalanche forecaster to be employed by Glacier National Park.

    The daughter of Peter and Sandra Antonioli of Butte, Antonioli thinks her mother probably worries more than her father about the work she does in places where the snow is both deep and potentially dangerous.

    “I guess I rationalized that there are risks in all things in life and it’s just more evident in this business,” she said.

    And, like life, predicting avalanches requires a tolerance for uncertainty, she said.

    Antonioli said the inherent unpredictability of avalanche forecasting calls for forecasters to set conservative margins of safety.

    Monitor snow activity

    Gabrielle Antonioli skis uphill in the alpine above the Going-to-the-Sun route to keep an eye on snow activity.

    Courtesy picture

    Early Warning Trio

    His working days at Glacier National Park start early. She gets up around 3:30 a.m. She is in front of her computer, coffee in hand, around 4 a.m. She checks the weather forecast, checks if new snow has arrived overnight and consults other relevant data.

    The US Geological Survey’s Garden Wall weather station is an altitude station that provides temperature data, as well as wind direction and speed.

    At around 5 a.m., she or a colleague writes an avalanche forecast with observations of potential dangers to snow removal crews that day. His colleagues include Jon Hageness, an avalanche forecaster for Glacier National Park, as well as Zachary Miller, an avalanche forecaster for the USGS.

    The avalanche forecasting program has been a joint project of the USGS and the National Park Service for 20 years.

    Around 6 a.m., the forecasters share the day’s avalanche prognosis with the snow removal teams.

    Plowing the roads on the way to the sun 2018 04.jpg

    One of Glacier’s rotary plows at the Big Drift in 2018.

    TOM BAUER/Missoulian

    Then Antonioli and Hageness go up the Going-to-the-Sun route until they reach the crews. Both alpine touring skis have a binding that allows heel movement. They add ski skins to gain traction when climbing. They sometimes add crampons.

    Antonioli and Hageness reach vantage points above the plowing and watch the avalanche paths, staying vigilant on behalf of the crews working below. According to the National Park Service, there are more than 40 avalanche paths between the avalanche campground and the rising sun.

    “We communicate by radio with the crews if the snow starts moving,” Antonioli said. “Crews can’t see or hear anything in these big rigs, so we communicate with them a lot.”

    Snow science has its own language, with words and phrases like corn snow, slab, surface hoar, trigger point, snow pit, frost and many more.

    Going-to-the-Sun Road Labor 2018 13.jpg (copy)

    An excavator digs the Big Drift just east of Logan Pass on Going-to-the-Sun Road in Glacier National Park in June 2018.

    File photo

    “We occasionally dig snow pits to check the structure of the snowpack and see where meltwater has seeped into the snow and how deep,” Antonioli said. “It helps us know if larger wet snow avalanches could be possible with an additional supply of sun or rain. With so many recent snowfalls, we dug them deeper into the top meter of snow to see in how well the new snow adheres to the old snow surface.

    The National Geographic Society reports: “During an avalanche, a mass of snow, rock, ice, dirt, and other material slides rapidly down the side of a mountain. Snowslides, the most common type of avalanche, can hurtle downhill faster than the fastest skier.

    “A large, fully developed avalanche can weigh up to a million tons” and can travel at over 200 mph, reports the Society.

    Plowing in front

    Road clearing began the first week of April and will continue until the Going-to-the-Sun road is cleared east and west to Logan Pass. The road generally opens between mid-June and mid-July.

    Traders who rely on seasonal income from visiting the park tend to be anxious when the road remains closed well past mid-June.

    Sometimes snow conditions stop work.

    “On days of high avalanche danger, other road workers and park employees generally do not get on the road, and only emergency travel is recommended,” Antonioli said. “We’ll usually go up to a safe place and do a tour to see what’s going on up high on those days. On other days the danger will increase as the day warms up or more sun comes up and weakens the snow surface, and we will work for the morning and get everyone out in time for the increased warming , with a large (safety) margin.”

    Upcoming Scouting

    One of the jobs of avalanche forecasters at Glacier National Park is to spot snow removal crews along the Going-to-the-Sun road to let them know how much debris is in the avalanche paths on along the road. In this photo, Gabrielle Antonioli, wearing crampons, crosses an avalanche path at Triple Arches.

    Courtesy picture

    On May 26, 1953, an avalanche crossed the Going-to-the-Sun road nearly a mile above the Garden Wall road camp. It killed two road crew members, seriously injured a third, and buried the foreman in about seven feet of snow for about 7.5 hours.

    It was preceded by fresh, wet snowfall of 10 to 43 cm and a letter from the park engineer to the park superintendent stating “extremely hazardous snowslide conditions”.

    The body of worker William Whitford, 45, was about 800 feet below the highway, according to a National Park Service investigation that followed the avalanche. The coroner’s report concluded that Whitford’s death was caused by a crushed chest and a broken neck.

    The body of 45-year-old George Beaton was about 1,200 feet below the road. He too had suffered serious injuries.

    “This accident occurred while the park road maintenance crew was carrying out their normal snow removal activities for this season of the calendar year,” the inquest reported. He noted: “It should also be remembered that there is always an element of danger involved in snow clearing operations on any mountain road.”

    A recommendation from the road engineer who conducted the survey: “Delay the start date of the opening of the Going-to-the-Sun road by approximately three weeks”.

    Close calls

    The Park Service launched new regulations this year following a few close calls in recent years with avalanches and allowed hikers and cyclists beyond vehicle barricades

    In May 2021, two Bigfork cyclists were trapped between two avalanches and required an overnight rescue by park rangers.

    This year, the Park Service is using hiker/mountain biker closure signage to limit where people on foot or on bikes can go on the road. Closure locations will be based on assessments of potential avalanche hazard along the Going-to-the-Sun Highway, park officials said.

    Avalanches play a role in supporting natural processes and biodiversity in mountain ecosystems.

    Think of avalanche falls. Think blueberries.

    “Avalanches are essential for the biodiversity of mountain ecosystems”, according to a study.

    Climate change is now in the mix, leading some researchers to question how avalanches will behave in the future.

    Meanwhile, Antonioli hopes to return to Glacier National Park in the spring of 2023 as a seasonal avalanche forecaster.

    “Honestly, it’s probably one of the most unique avalanche jobs in the industry,” she said.

    The Best Hiking Trails in Atlantic Canada


    There’s no better way to experience the rugged landscape of Atlantic Canada only on foot. From New Brunswick to Newfoundland, this region is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. Offering some of the world’s finest walks – old and new – you can expect to encounter land and sea wildlife, iconic landmarks and vibrant communities along the way. We’ve selected some of the provinces best long distance hikes to slow down and enjoy the rugged coastlines and dense forests in this incredible part of Canada.

    The Island Walk, Prince Edward Island

    It may be Canada’s smallest province, but Prince Edward Island (also known as PEI) now boasts one of the most epic hikes. The 700km trail opened in September 2021 and circles the entire island, crossing a mix of coastal paths, red dirt roads, beaches and quiet streets. Highlights include Prince Edward Island’s iconic lighthouses, a tour of its two cities – Charlottetown and Summerside – and experiencing the island’s culture in its small local communities, fantastic arts scene to culinary delights. After all, it’s nicknamed “Canada’s Food Island,” being a top destination for oysters and lobster. Due to the easy terrain and low difficulty of the trail, the Island Walk should be a prime candidate for beginners who have always wanted the challenge of a long-distance hike. As the journey takes approximately 32 days, many hotels have teamed up to facilitate the transport of luggage between accommodations. It is also possible to tackle smaller sections of the track if you are visiting for a shorter period.

    More information: The island promenade

    Lonestar plans to put data centers in the Moon’s lava tubes • The Register


    Imagine a future where racks of computer servers hum silently in the darkness below the surface of the Moon.

    This is where some of the most important data is stored, to keep it intact for as long as possible. The idea sounds like something out of science fiction, but a startup that recently emerged from stealth is trying to turn it into reality. Lonestar Data Holdings has a unique mission unlike any other cloud provider: to build data centers on the Moon to back up the world’s data.

    “It is inconceivable to me that we keep our most valuable assets, our knowledge and our data, on Earth, where we drop bombs and burn things,” said Christopher Stott, Founder and CEO of Lonestar. The register. “We need to put our assets in place off our planet, where we can keep it safe.”

    Stott said Lonestar’s efforts to build a data storage facility in space are a bit like trying to preserve all the seeds in the world in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, located on Norway’s Arctic island of Spitsbergen. But instead of trying to protect the diversity of cultures, the upstart wants to safeguard human knowledge.

    “If we don’t, what will happen to our data on Earth?” he asked. “The seed bank has been flooded due to the effects of climate change. It is also susceptible to other forms of destruction like war or cyberattacks. We need a place where we can keep our data safe. ” Lonestar has its sights set on the Moon.

    One side of our natural satellite is tidally locked and constantly facing the Earth, which means that it would be possible to establish direct and constant communication between devices on the Moon and our planet.

    Lonestar is currently closing its $5 million funding round from investors including Seldor Capital and 2 Future Holding. To raise more money, it will need to prove that its technology is feasible and will start with small demonstrations on commercial lunar payloads. Last month, it announced it had signed contracts to launch prototype demonstrations of its software and hardware capabilities aboard two lunar landers with Intuitive Machines, a NASA-funded aerospace company.

    As part of the space agency’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services program, Intuitive Machines will, after some delay, send its Nova-C lander to the Moon for its first mission, dubbed IM-1, in late 2022. Lonestar will run software-only test, storing a small bit of data about the lander’s hardware. IM-1 is expected to last one lunar day, the equivalent of two weeks on Earth.

    The second launch, IM-2, is more ambitious. Intuitive Machines plans to send another Nova-C lander to the Moon’s south pole carrying various pieces of equipment, including NASA’s PRIME-1 ice drill and spectrometer as well as Lonestar’s first hardware prototype: a one-kilogram storage device, the size of a hardcover novel, with 16 terabytes of memory. The IM-2 is expected to launch in 2023.

    Robots and lava tubes

    The small proof-of-concept data center will store immutable data for Lonestar’s first beta of its so-called Disaster Recovery as a Service (DRaaS), Stott told us. “[We will be] perform load and download tests (think refreshing and restoring data) and also perform application edge processing tests. It will run on Ubuntu. The company is still determining bandwidth rates and has obtained permissions to transmit data to the Moon and to Earth in the S, X and Ka bands of the radio spectrum.

    Whether Lonestar will test its technology on the Moon for the first time will depend on whether Intuitive Machines’ Nova-C landers succeed in reaching the lunar surface in one piece. Soft landings on the Moon are notoriously difficult; many attempts by the Soviets and the United States in the 1960s ended in failure. The last two failed attempts were in 2019, when Israel’s SpaceIL and India’s national space agency crashed their Beresheet and Chandrayaan-2 lunar landers respectively.

    The Moon’s strong gravitational pull and very thin atmosphere mean that the speeds at which spacecraft approach the surface must be significantly slowed in a short time to land smoothly. Nailing down the landing process is key to lunar exploration, whether it’s sending out a robotic spacecraft or a crew of astronauts.

    “Our turnkey solution for delivering, communicating and ordering customer payloads on and around the Moon is revolutionary,” Intuitive President and CEO Steve Altemus told us in a statement. “Adding Lonestar Data Holdings and other commercial payloads to our lunar missions is a critical step towards creating and defining the lunar economy by intuitive machines.”

    The path from a book-sized prototype to full fledged cloud storage data centers, however, is a wavy one. Stott said Lonestar has plans for future missions to launch servers capable of holding five petabytes of data in 2024 and 50 petabytes of data by 2026. By then, he hopes the data center will be able to host data traffic to and from the Moon at rates of 15 Gigabits per second – much faster than home broadband Internet speeds – broadcast from a series of antennas.

    If the company wants to continue to scale and store data long-term, it will need to find a way to protect its data centers from cosmic radiation and cope with fluctuations in the Moon’s surface temperatures, which can range from from 222.8°F (106°C) during the day to -297.4°F (-183°C) at night.

    Stott has an answer to this: nest data centers in lunar lava tubes, cavernous pits carved beneath the Moon’s surface by the flow of ancient basalt lava. Inside these pits, the temperature will be more stable and the servers will be better protected from harmful electromagnetic rays.

    And how is the Lonestar going to get them there? “Robots…lots of robots,” Stott said. ®

    The sky this week May 20-27


    Saturday May 21
    Mercury reaches inferior conjunction at 3:00 p.m. EDT. The smallest planet in the solar system will reappear in the morning sky by next month.

    Instead, let’s focus on a few other planets to the east early this morning. Two hours before sunrise, Jupiter, Mars, and Neptune all share the Pisces region directly below (to the southeast) the Circlet asterism. The Circlet consists of seven stars: Gamma (γ), 7, Theta (θ), Iota (ι), 19, Lambda (λ) and Kappa (κ) Piscium. This approximate circle of stars lies about 12° south of a line drawn between Algenib and Markab, which marks one side of the Grand Square of Pegasus. Gamma Psc is the brightest of the bunch – thought luminosity is relative, as it shines at magnitude 3.7.

    While your eyes are on the Circlet, take a look at 19 Psc, also cataloged as TX Psc. It is a variable star whose unmistakable dark red color comes from the abundant carbon in its atmosphere. TX Psc fluctuates between magnitude 4.9 and 5.5 over approximately 220 days.

    Now look down at the horizon from TX, and you’ll fall directly on Jupiter, shining at magnitude -2.2. About 5° to the upper right (west) is Mars, a reddish magnitude of 0.7. Neptune, whose magnitude 7.8 glow will require binoculars to spot, lies an additional 2° west of Mars.

    Magnitude 0.7 Saturn lies far to the west, lingering in Capricorn near the 1st magnitude star Deneb Algedi. And in an hour, Venus will climb above the horizon, the brightest of our morning planets at magnitude -4.2.

    Sunrise: 5:40 am
    Sunset: 8:14 p.m.
    Moonrise: 01:25
    Moon setting: 11:09
    Moon phase: Waning gibbous (62%)

    Sunday May 22
    The Moon passes 4° south of Saturn at 1:00 a.m. EDT. One hour before sunrise, while the sky is still dark, our satellite is just over 5° directly below (southeast) the ringed planet in the southeastern sky. Although much of the moonlight washes away nearby Saturn, it’s still worth trying to glimpse the planet’s magnificent ring system through a telescope.

    Then turn your gaze to the Moon. The large circular Mare Imbrium stands out in the lunar northwest, its southeastern edge marked by the rugged Apennine Mountains, named for the terrestrial mountain range in Italy. Just to the south is the bright Copernicus Crater, which stretches for about 93 kilometers. This lunar pockmark is extremely young, probably less than a billion years old, with several bright rays of ejecta – material thrown and pushed away by the impact – around it.

    The last quarter moon occurs shortly after noon at 2:43 p.m. EDT.

    Sunrise: 5:39
    Sunset: 8:15 p.m.
    Moonrise: 02:01
    Moon setting: 12:21 p.m.
    Moon phase: Waning gibbous (51%)

    Choosing the Right Career: Balancing Financial Needs with the Work You Love


    Is the right career the one that pays the bills or the one that excites you? Is it possible to have the best of both worlds?

    “Do what you love and you won’t work one day!” A common saying, but one that needs to be removed. As we’ve seen with the gig economy, turning your passion into a job is…well…a job. All jobs have levels of stress, even if you love what you do. So when it comes to supporting yourself, should you choose the career you love or the one that pays the bills? Is it possible to do both?

    go inside

    First and foremost, decide what you like to do. Since an average career can last up to 10 years or more, you want to make sure you’re getting into something you love doing or are passionate about. Thinking long term is key here.

    The next thing is to decide which lifestyle do you prefer? Keep in mind the 10 year rule here. Are you a day person or a night person? Do you want to own a house or would you agree to rent an apartment? Would you like to own a luxury car or two, or are you happy with a decent electric vehicle?

    You need to consider the type of lifestyle you prefer, as this will help determine how much money you need to earn. This exercise will show you how much you would eventually need to earn. Once you’ve decided what will be an acceptable and enjoyable lifestyle for you, you can dig deeper into your career choice.

    Meet the right people

    Once you know what you want to do and how much you’d like to earn, find the people who are already doing it. Take them out for a cup of coffee or watch them. Start meeting people in the industry you want to work in and start interviewing them. Ask them questions about how they like their job, if there is a work-life balance, and what they enjoy most about their profession.

    The idea here is to get people in your “future” career to turn the tide. They can even help you with the right kind of courses and such. For example, acquiring fintech skills are a must if you love the online banking industry. Once you have all this information, making a choice shouldn’t be difficult. When you have gone through these steps, the response that should arise will be more precise and natural.


    Choosing the right career means finding a balance between what you love and how you want to live. Also, keep an open mind as much as you can. It is also acceptable to branch out and explore other aspects of this industry or anything that may be completely different. As you progress through your career and accomplish various things, focus on maintaining a Competency-Based Resume and update it regularly. Thus, you will be ready to seize the opportunities that will arise along the way. Life always has its ups and downs, and if during this time you need more support then check out My salary in Canada for online payday loans. It is one of the most respected payday loan companies in Canada.

    Fact Check: The Azimuthal Equidistant Map of the World, used by the USGS and the United Nations, is a clue that the Earth is flat.


    The azimuthal equidistant projection is useful, but like all 2D maps, it creates distortions because the Earth is an oblate spheroid.

    Conspiracy theorist Mark Sargent has created a multi-part video series attempting to prove the discredited flat Earth theory. He separates his theories into “clues” which are supposed to prove that planet Earth is flat and that a secret group Sargent calls “the Authority” is keeping this from the public eye. In part three of his series, Sargent focuses on a specific map projection used by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) called the Azimuthal Equidistant, similar to maps favored by Flat Earthers. In both versions of the map, there appears to be a wall of ice surrounding the continents. He cites a note on Wikipedia that the USGS uses it for an atlas of the United States. Sargent also points out that NASA named a crater on the moon after the 11th-century Persian scholar Al-Biruni, who created an azimuthal equidistant projection map of the planet. Sargent claims this is proof that Al-Biruni created a truly correct map of the flat Earth. Additionally, Sargent cites the United Nations (UN) logo, which features the same projection. These are considered clues that the USGS, NASA and the UN are aware that the Earth is flat.

    The Earth is an oblate spheroid that cannot be rendered accurately in any two-dimensional presentation. The azimuthal equidistant map does not represent the wall of ice that some flat-earth proponents believe encircles the flat world. This simply reflects the distortion of Antarctica that would occur when a map is based on a central point from which the rest of the map is projected outward, which in this case is the North Pole. If the map was instead projected from the South Pole, it would grossly distort the size of the other continents.

    The flat Earth theory has been debunked countless times. As with his other videos, Sargent relies on speculation, pointing to supposed clues left by “The Authority.” The USGS uses the Azimuthal Equidistant Projection, as claimed by Sargent, along with many other types of maps, for various purposes.

    The idea that any map is “correct” is a misunderstanding of what maps are. As previously noted by Logic, all two-dimensional maps are, in their own way, “misinformation” due to the limitations of any attempt to accurately represent the Earth – an oblate spheroid – in a flat form. Different map projections have different accuracies and are used in different ways. According to the USGS, the azimuth equidistant map helps show “airline distances from [the] center point of the projection. It is useful for radio, aviation and seismic mapping, and illustrates the polar hemispheres. The Mercator projection is used when mapping equatorial areas, and the equal-area sinusoidal projection better represents large landmasses that run north to south, such as Africa. In total, there are 18 map projections cited by the USGS in its Map Projections Report.

    The azimuthal equidistant projection is the map projection used for the United Nations logo. Although Sargent claims this choice is a hint that the Earth is flat, the UN’s decision was more likely an aesthetic decision based on practicality, as it includes the world’s inhabited continents in a single image. The UN’s use of this map projection does not prove that they know the Earth is flat.

    Map projections are all inaccurate to some degree. Legitimate uses of the Azimuthal Equidistant Projection do not prove that the Earth is flat.

    Oil drilling in the Arctic and its environmental ramifications


    The Arctic, as the northernmost region of the world, is certainly distinctive. It is almost completely covered in water, most of it frozen. Some frozen features, such as glaciers and icebergs, are frozen fresh water. In fact, Arctic glaciers and icebergs make up about 20% of the Earth’s fresh water supply. Temperatures in the Arctic can drop below -50 degrees Celsius in winter. It is home to unique vegetation and creatures, such as stoats, wolverines and narwhals.

    As a unique natural habitat, it is at the center of environmental attention, not least because the effects of global warming are most visible here, with the melting of the polar ice caps. However, no international treaty preserves its ecology from economic development.

    The case of oil drilling in Norway

    Picture file

    Who really controls the Arctic? Who has the power to drill oil in this area? This is a topic that rages around the world. Although there are eight Arctic states, the North Pole and its surrounding waters do not belong to any of them. Norway, Russia, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, the United States, Canada, and Denmark all have territory and territorial waters within the Arctic Circle. Norway, Western Europe’s biggest oil producer, has granted a number of exploration licenses in the Barents Sea, just inside the Arctic Circle, since 2016.

    Six young Norwegians and two environmental groups, Greenpeace Nordic and Young Friends of the Earth, filed a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights in 2021, challenging the Norwegian government’s policies. The drilling, according to Lasse Eriksen Bjoern, an activist for the indigenous Sami people of northern Norway, could harm Arctic fisheries and jeopardize their way of life. It is the cry of activists that the court verdict sets a precedent for the future.

    The impact of oil drilling on marine life

    most marine life would be extinct due to climate change by 2300
    The New York Times

    The survival of people and animals that live in the Arctic depends on its unique habitat. Since companies are investing money in new technologies, it has suddenly become conceivable to dig for oil under the seabed. Concerns about rapidly declining fish stocks in the region grew in the mid-1990s.

    Whales, dolphins, seals and sea otters are among the sea creatures killed by oil spills. Oil can clog the blowholes of whales and dolphins, preventing them from breathing properly and interfering with their ability to communicate. The oil on the fur of otters and seals makes them susceptible to hypothermia.

    One of the most profound environmental impacts of oil spills is the long-term damage to species, their habitats and nesting or breeding grounds. Sea turtles, for example, can be affected by oil in the water or on the beach where they lay their eggs, and newly hatched turtles can be oiled when they rush to the ocean on an oily beach.

    Who drills in the Arctic?

    arctic climate change
    Getty Images

    Major oil companies such as Shell and Exxon are aggressively pursuing a new “oil rush” in the Arctic Ocean. It has already started in some places. Gazprom, the Russian energy giant, has already started producing tiny volumes of oil from the Arctic Ocean north of Russia.

    The argument over oil exploration in the Arctic is driven by more than the environment. The subject of cost is particularly important, especially because the construction of an oil well in cold weather is quite difficult. It is necessary to build ice highways and an ice airstrip. Overall, drilling and development is not a profitable business.


    Oil drilling in the Arctic. (nd). green peace. Accessed May 20, 2022.

    What are the challenges of oil drilling in the Arctic? (nd). Oil Industry News. Accessed May 20, 2022.

    Who Owns the Arctic and Should They Drill for Oil and Gas? (2022, April 28). BBC. Accessed May 20, 2022.

    For more explainers, news and current affairs from around the world, please visit Indiatimes News.

    USACE Monitors Flood Risk From Ice Breakup Conditions In Chena River Basin After Record Snowfall | Article


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    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers – Alaska District is partnering with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service to measure winter snowfall levels and collect additional data from nine monitoring stations around the Chena River Basin. The agencies analyze this information to estimate the volume of runoff during the melting of the snowpack in the mountains. Shown here is an aerial image of the basin near Pleasant Valley and Munson Ridge on March 30. (Photo by Rosie Duncan, USACE-Alaska District)
    (Photo credit: courtesy)


    Chena River Basin Monitoring

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    The inter-agency team traveled by helicopter on March 30 and again on April 30 to assess the latest snow conditions at remote monitoring sites in the Chena River Basin. Spread over approximately 1,500 square miles, the water contained in melting snow, known as the snow water equivalent, will eventually flow into the Chena River and flow through downtown Fairbanks. Pictured, one of the scientists returns to his helicopter flight after carrying out a snow survey on March 30. (Photo offered)
    (Photo credit: courtesy)


    Chena River in Fairbanks at sunset

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    During normal operations, the Moose Creek Dam regulates the flow of the Chena River to no more than 12,000 cubic feet per second through downtown Fairbanks. The effects of flooding downstream along the river also depend on conditions in the Tanana and Little Chena rivers as well as local drainages. Low-lying areas near the Chena River may experience minor flooding, while elevated groundwater may occur for several thousand feet downstream of the dam. Shown here, the Chena River meanders through downtown Fairbanks at dusk on April 30. (Photo by Lauren Oliver, USACE – District of Alaska)
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    Taking measurements at the telemetry station

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    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers – Alaska District is partnering with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service to measure winter snowfall levels and collect additional data from nine monitoring stations around the Chena River Basin. The agencies analyze this information to estimate the volume of runoff during the melting of the snowpack in the mountains. Pictured is Lauren Oliver, a civil engineer in the district’s hydraulics and hydrology section, beginning to take measurements at one of the Chena River basin telemetry sites on April 30. (Photo offered)
    (Photo credit: courtesy)


    JOINT BASE ELMENDORF-RICHARDSON – As the days get longer and temperatures warmer in the state’s interior region near Fairbanks, the US Army Corps of Engineers – Alaska District uses snow data to predict snow conditions. potential flooding on the Chena River during spring break-up season.

    The organization is partnering with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service to measure winter snowfall levels and collect additional data from nine monitoring stations in the Chena River Basin. The agencies analyze this information to estimate the volume of runoff during the melting of the snowpack in the mountains. In turn, the USACE can anticipate potential flood events and the need to regulate flow by operating the Moose Creek Dam at the Chena River Lakes Flood Control Project at the North Pole.

    The interagency team traveled by helicopter on March 30 and again on April 30 to assess the latest snow conditions at remote sites. Spread over approximately 1,500 square miles, the water contained in melting snow, known as the snow water equivalent, will eventually flow into the Chena River and flow through downtown Fairbanks.

    Based on this data, officials predict strong spring runoff that will require USACE personnel to be ready to act if the river rises to significant levels.

    “Snow records measured about double the normal SWE in the basin, which is the highest recorded since measurements began in 1980,” said Nathan Epps, hydraulics and hydrology section chief.

    Last winter, the greater Fairbanks area experienced record snowfall and a freezing rain event which contributed to the unusually high amount of water seen in the snowpack at some of the telemetry stations.

    “The freezing rain event in late December left a layer of ice in the snowpack, which was not found in the higher elevations of the upper Chena Basin,” said Rosie Duncan, an employee of the USACE which participated in the snow survey work. “If freezing rain has fallen into the basin, the [monitoring stations] would still record this and report it as part of the snow water equivalent.

    In other words, a lot of snow has accumulated and its density is higher than what is typical for the interior, Duncan said. According to the National Weather Service’s “Spring Breakup Outlook”, the flood potential of the Chena and Tanana rivers is above average. However, the speed at which this snow melts will influence whether or not dams are necessary.

    “Ideally, there will be a gradual increase in temperatures to just above freezing without additional precipitation or ice jams, resulting in a longer period in which snowmelt will add to the catchment,” a- she declared.

    During normal operations, the Moose Creek Dam regulates the flow of the Chena River to no more than 12,000 cubic feet per second through downtown Fairbanks. The effects of flooding downstream along the river also depend on conditions in the Tanana and Little Chena rivers as well as local drainages. Low-lying areas near the Chena River may experience minor flooding, while elevated groundwater may occur for several thousand feet downstream of the dam.

    Although the floodplain behind the dam remains dry for most of the year, USACE officials may retain water when river levels are high due to heavy snowmelt, ice jams or heavy rains. After the 1967 Fairbanks flood that caused approximately $80 million in damage, the Chena Project was built in the 1970s to protect the city, the North Pole, and Fort Wainwright from future disasters. Since then, the 7½ mile earth dam has operated 30 times to keep local communities safe and prevent approximately $418 million in flood damage.

    “The Moose Creek Dam is a valuable asset to the Fairbanks North Star Borough,” said Mark DeRocchi, Manager of Engineering, Construction and Operations. “In 20 years, this has prevented potentially catastrophic flooding in the region.”

    Meanwhile, construction will begin this spring to strengthen the structure. Dubbed a “mega project” and funded by the recently enacted Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, the Bauer Foundation Corp. of Florida was awarded a $75.5 million contract to establish an in-situ mixed concrete barrier wall at the base of the dam that spans 6,200 linear feet at depths of up to 65 feet.

    The project stems from a 2017 modification study that recommended strengthening the dam to extend its life and improve the protection of the greater Fairbanks area for many years to come. Construction is expected to be complete by January 2026. The dam will continue to operate and regulate the flow of the Chena River as needed while work is underway.

    “The successful completion of this modification project will allow us to address the risks associated with aging infrastructure and deliver an upgraded infrastructure that is built to last,” DeRocchi said.

    The public is encouraged to stay informed of weather and flooding conditions by monitoring news reports and social media posts. It is also recommended that people remove their belongings from low areas, such as basements and crawl spaces, to protect these items from potential flood damage.

    As the USACE prepares for a busy spring that may involve the operation of the Moose Creek Dam to reduce flood risk and make safety improvements to the structure itself, local citizens can rest assured that the team has their best interest in mind.

    “Public safety is always our top priority,” DeRocchi said.

    Athletics: Three Cadets Named to CoSIDA All-District At-Large Academic Team


    Athletics: Three Cadets Named to All-District At-Large Academic Team CoSIDA – Norwich

    Future astronauts could swallow water from ancient lunar volcanoes


    NASA’s Artemis program isn’t just about bringing astronaut boots back to the moon for a brief jaunt. The space agency has plans for a longer-term presence, which focuses on where we might find water resources on the moon. A new study suggests that astronauts should be looking at water left behind by ancient volcanoes.

    The moon appears to be a quiet place today, but volcanic eruptions rocked it billions of years ago. A study by researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder suggests there may be slabs of ice up to hundreds of feet thick left on the moon’s poles as a legacy of its past. volcanic.

    “We think of it as frost on the moon that has built up over time,” Andrew Wilcoski, lead author of the paper published in The Planetary Science Journal in May, said in a CU Boulder statement Wednesday.

    The team used computer simulations to study the effects of volcanoes. The models suggest the volcanoes spewed water vapor that returned to the surface where it turned to ice, a process the researchers likened to the formation of frost on Earth after a cold night. “According to the group’s estimates, about 41% of water from volcanoes may have condensed on the moon as ice,” the university said.

    The study adds to scientists’ evolving understanding of water on our lunar neighbor. In 2020, NASA announced definitive evidence of water on the moon. We know it’s there, but there are still questions about where, how much, where it came from and how to reach it. An article published earlier in 2022 discussed how the earth could bring water to the moon.

    If the computer simulations hold true, that means there could be thick ice caps nestled in craters, hidden beneath the lunar floor. This water could be used for drinking or to make rocket fuel. Robotic or human explorers could confirm this. Says Wilcoski, “We really need to dig and look for it.”

    from NASA Volatiles investigates the polar exploration roveror Viper, slated for launch in 2023, will search for ice deposits on the lunar south pole, giving researchers a new layer of data to work with to uncover the history of water on the moon.

    8 climate change records the world broke in 2021

    • A new report from the World Meteorological Organization details how climate change broke new records in 2021.
    • There have been record heat waves, droughts and hurricanes.
    • Global sea levels hit a new record high and rain was recorded for the first time at the highest point in Greenland.
    • Ending the use of fossil fuels and eliminating carbon dioxide are among the actions needed to urgently tackle climate change, according to the United Nations.

    Climate change is breaking worrying records around the world, confirms a new report.

    State of the Global Climate 2021, from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), details a series of extreme weather events over the past year and warns that there is now a “critical” need for early warning systems to help sectors to adapt to climate change.

    Global warming has been breaking records for some time, of course. In 2020, NASA and the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reported that 2010 to 2019 was the warmest decade since records began in the late 1800s.

    Carbon emissions from fossil fuels reached a new record in 2019. And in 2021, a new temperature record – of 18.3°C – was set in Antarctica, the UN has announced.

    Here are eight climate change records the world broke in 2021, according to the WMO.

    The hottest years on record

    The past seven years, between 2015 and 2021, have been the hottest years on record, the WMO has warned. Last year alone was between the fifth and seventh warmest year on record globally. The global average temperature in 2021 was around 1.11°C above average global temperatures between 1850 and 1900 – known as the “pre-industrial average”.

    sea ​​level record

    Sea level also reached a new record high in 2021. Globally, sea level rose by an average of 4.5 mm per year between 2013 and 2021. In several regions, sea level is growing “significantly faster” than the global average, according to the WMO. These include the South West Pacific, the South West Indian Ocean and the South Atlantic.

    The hole in the Antarctic ozone layer is growing “abnormally”

    The ozone hole over Antarctica in 2021 was “larger and deeper” than 70% of ozone holes measured since 1979, according to the WMO. It expanded to its widest area of ​​the year – 24.8 million km² – in October. The WMO says it was dragged by colder than average conditions in 2021 into the stratosphere – the second layer of Earth’s atmosphere from ground level. A powerful polar vortex – the band of cold air around Earth’s North Pole – was another key contributing factor.

    First rain at the highest point in Greenland

    Rainfall was recorded for the first time at the highest point of the Greenland Ice Sheet. This is Summit Station, a research station located more than 3,200 meters above sea level.

    Several hours of rain were observed at Summit Station on August 14, 2021. Air temperatures also remained above freezing for about nine hours. It was part of an “exceptional” melting event in mid-August for Greenland, linked to a mass of warm, moist air, according to the WMO.

    record heat waves

    In western North America and the Mediterranean, “exceptional heat waves” were breaking records, notes the state of the world’s climate 2021. Death Valley in California recorded the highest temperature in the world since at least the 1930s, when the temperature reached 54.4C on July 9, 2021. Italy set a new provisional European record on August 11 when a research station near Syracuse in Sicily recorded a temperature of 48.8°C. Kairouan in Tunisia hit a record high of 50.3C. Spain and Turkey also broke new national records, with a temperature of 47.4°C recorded in Montoro in southern Spain and 49.1°C in Cizre near the border between Turkey and Turkey. Syria.

    Hurricane Ida reaches record wind speeds

    When Hurricane Ida hit Louisiana in the United States on August 29 last year, its winds of 240 km/h were the strongest landfall on record for the state, according to the WMO. Ida was the strongest hurricane of the North Atlantic season, causing extensive wind damage and storm surge flooding. The hurricane caused approximately $75 billion in economic losses in the United States and is responsible for 115 deaths in the United States and Venezuela. There were 21 named storms in 2021, well above the average of 14 per year between 1981 and 2010, the WMO notes.

    Record flooding in Western Europe

    In mid-July 2021 Western Europe experienced some of the worst flooding on record. West Germany and eastern Belgium were the hardest hit. Hagen in western Germany reported 241mm of rainfall in 22 hours. Rivers overflowed, several cities were flooded and there were also landslides. Germany reported 183 deaths and Belgium 36. The floods are estimated to have cost Germany $20 billion in economic losses. France, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Switzerland also experienced heavy flooding.

    Lowest water level for US reservoir

    The drought has resulted in a new low water level for Lake Mead, a reservoir on the Colorado River in the southwestern United States. In July, the reservoir fell 47m below full capacity, its lowest level on record. The drought has also affected other parts of the world, including Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan. In Canada, a severe drought meant forecast harvest levels for wheat and canola – a crop used to create cooking oil and animal feed – were 35% to 40% below 2020 levels.

    Climate change is an urgent threat requiring decisive action. Communities around the world are already experiencing heightened climate impacts, from droughts to floods to rising seas. The World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report continues to rank these environmental threats high on the list.

    To limit the global temperature increase to well below 2°C and as close as possible to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, it is essential that businesses, policymakers and civil society advance short-term and long-term global climate actions in accordance with the objectives of the Paris Agreement on climate change.

    The World Economic Forum Climate Initiative supports scaling and accelerating global climate action through public and private sector collaboration. The Initiative is working on several work streams to develop and implement inclusive and ambitious solutions.

    This includes the Alliance of CEO Climate Leaders, a global network of business leaders from various industries developing cost-effective solutions for the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy. CEOs use their position and influence with policymakers and corporate partners to accelerate the transition and realize the economic benefits of a more secure climate.

    Contact us to get involved.

    What action is needed?

    In its latest report on the actions needed to mitigate climate change, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) calls for the rapid phase-out of fossil fuels, a large-scale transition to renewable energy and to investments in the elimination of carbon dioxide.

    These and other actions are outlined in the IPCC’s Climate Change Mitigation Report, which found that between 2010 and 2019, global greenhouse gas emissions were at their highest ever levels. history of mankind.

    The UN says affordable and scalable solutions are now available to help countries “move to cleaner and more resilient economies”.

    Political Planet – Journal – DAWN.COM


    IN 2019, the journal Science Advances published a study on the state of glaciers around the world. This study found that glaciers in the Himalayan mountain range are melting much faster than at the end of the last century. Current losses at Siachen and other glaciers reveal they have lost a vertical foot and a half of ice since 2000 – a statistic that warns of a future of drought as those in South Asia face shrinking water supply to major waterways.

    The melting of glaciers and the rise of seas, everyone knows (or should know) propels us towards an environmental catastrophe which in turn produces a human catastrophe.

    The heat wave currently hitting South Asia is an iteration of the environmental cataclysm. For days, Jacobabad in Sindh remained among the hottest places on earth. Dozens of people have died across the subcontinent from the ravages of heat exhaustion and dehydration. They are the victims of climate change killed simply because humans had misconceptions about global warming or failed to pay attention when such a scenario was predicted.

    Since their existence on Earth, humans have consumed the planet’s resources and, in recent decades, have released too much carbon dioxide into the planet’s atmosphere. Even now, growing economies like India and China are uninterested in committing to reducing carbon emissions for fear it will stunt the growth of their economies.

    The fact that climate catastrophe does not respect national borders is proving to be a problem.

    At the same time, it is precisely this phenomenon of environmental degradation that reveals how far old ways of understanding the nation-state as the primary political unit are failing. The Treaty of Westphalia signed in 1648 gave birth to the nation-state as the main political unit in the world. “Kingdoms” and “empires” gave way to countries organized around borders. Living inside or even traveling through them required documents, a very new concept. Ancient travelers like Ibn-i-Battuta never had to worry about passports and visas like all travelers now have to. But at the time of the treaty, it was about new ideas, including the fact that governance by the people would replace the system of monarchies held together for hundreds of years. It is very likely that just as we cannot envision a world without the nation-state, our ancestors also scoffed at the idea that there would be countries that were not ruled by kings and their courts. .

    New systems appear when the old ones are not enough or because their shortcomings make them redundant. In our current situation, the fact that climate catastrophe does not respect national borders is proving to be a problem. When farmers in Indian Punjab burn straw stubble on their fields, smog settles over Lahore and produces days of air quality so low that even seeing a few feet away is very difficult. Nor is it smog alone, as many experts have pointed out. Pakistan’s status as a lower riparian vis-à-vis India also creates a security problem, serving as the sword of Damocles hanging over our collective heads. If the last few weeks have revealed the hell that climate change can be, imagine it multiplying many times over as rivers dry up permanently and drought becomes a regularity.

    The nation-state model also fails because its outdated mechanisms are incapable of dealing with climate change fairly or equitably. Take for example the fact that Pakistan emits less carbon dioxide than most countries. Either way, no concessions are ever made for Pakistan to receive more resources to deal with climate challenges that it has contributed little to produce.

    It follows, then, that one of the most important challenges of our time does not sit well with the nation-state model. Advances in studying ice cores from melting glaciers mean humans can now look at their planetary history stretching back thousands of years. The emergence and popularization of earth sciences such as geology and geophysics and others means that a large amount of data has been converted into numbers that can be put into predictive statistical models and reveal the future. Humans could barely predict the weather when the Treaty of Westphalia was signed; they can now predict weather and climate disasters with great accuracy. It is precisely this type of technology that has enabled humans to truly understand the depth of the climate catastrophe facing the planet.

    Even though wars such as the one in Ukraine seem to emphasize the importance of the nation-state, and the construction of fortress-like border walls suggests as literal a meaning as possible of the nation-state, it may well be let this be the last gasp of the nation-state. Environmentalists point to the planet becoming a political unit such that its borders and general well-being become the basis for global cooperation. Simply put, the millennial-scale assessment of time made possible by scientific advances and supercomputers highlights the need for new political unities that focus on the interconnectedness of everyone and everything on the planet. The Covid-19 pandemic is arguably also the product of rising temperatures. He stressed that countries have yet to come up with a collective response.

    The shift from nation-state to planetary cooperation is inevitable. The long-term vision of our planet, evidenced by ice cores from glaciers, revealed what the earth was like long before humans even. The planet is warming, habitats are disappearing, and environmental catastrophe is being courted and flirted with at every opportunity. The nation-state model of political organization has not produced the means to contain the greatest threat facing our planet. It might be time to consider a new one.

    The author is a lawyer who teaches constitutional law and political philosophy.

    [email protected]

    Posted in Dawn, May 18, 2022

    Virginians win $489 million in payday loan settlement – ​​Daily Press


    Online payday loan companies that charged up to 919% interest will spend $489 million to repay some 555,000 borrowers, to settle a class action lawsuit brought by eight Virginians.

    The lawsuit alleged that Golden Valley Lending; Silver Cloud Financial, Inc.; Mountain Summit Financial, Inc.; and Majestic Lake Financial, Inc., all formed under the laws of the Habematolel Pomo Tribe of the Upper Lake Tribe in California, violated federal racketeering laws as well as Virginia’s usury and credit licensing laws to consumption.

    He also leveled the same charges against three Kansas City, Missouri businessmen whose companies processed the loans, provided the capital the tribal corporations used to make the loans, and collected the bulk of the profits from the company.

    Companies advertised online loans of up to $1,000 with the promise that borrowers could be approved in seconds. according to the lawsuit prepared by Consumer Litigation Associates based in Newport News, the Virginia Poverty Law Center and the law firm Kelly Guzzo in Fairfax.

    One of the Virginians who sued, George Hengle, paid a total of $1,127 on three loans, with interest rates of 636%, 722% and 763%. Another, Steven Pike, paid $1,725 ​​on his loan with an interest rate of 744%, while Elwood Bumbray paid $1,561 on a loan with an interest rate of 543% and Lawrence Mwethuku paid $499.50 on a loan with an interest rate of 919%.

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    Under the terms of the settlement, Tribal Businesses will forgive $450 million in balances owing on their loans. The businessmen will pay $39 million, which will be distributed to the borrowers as compensation.

    Borrowers in Virginia, along with those in 21 other states, will get back any money they paid to lenders that exceeded their loan principal amount.

    Borrowers in 26 other states will receive the difference between their state’s statutory interest rates and the interest they paid on their loans. Nevada and Utah borrowers will not receive any refunds; Utah has no formal cap on payday loan rates, and Nevada’s cap limits interest on payday loans to 25% of the borrower’s gross monthly income.

    Virginia law caps loan rates at 12% unless a business obtains a consumer credit license. For these companies, the General Assembly capped rates at 36%, after years of daily press reports of high-interest loans.

    The two law firms and the Poverty Law Center that filed the lawsuit have filed several others against payday and online lenders over the years, including one settled for $433 million in 2019.

    The poverty law center also operates a helpline where borrowers can call for help at 866-830-4501.

    Dave Ress, 757-247-4535, [email protected]

    The Ponoka Broncs World Tour will continue this year – Ponoka News


    Ponoka Secondary Campus (PSC) students will soon be able to return to the battlefields and gravesites of fallen Canadian soldiers as part of the Broncs World Tour.

    For over a decade, teacher Ron Labrie has guided his students on a journey to discover and uncover the biographies of all the Ponoka and area soldiers killed in action and ultimately visit their graves.

    “It’s about icebergs,” Labrie said. “The tombstone is just the tip of the iceberg, but what is the story that lies beneath? Who is the soldier; what did they do in the service of the country and who were they as young people in Ponoka before the war?”

    The Cenotaph Project and Broncs’ Word Tour grew out of the Year of the Veteran in 2005, where educators from across the county were invited to participate in a battlefield tour. This, combined with the 90th anniversary of Vimy Ridge in 2007, gave Labrie, an educator for 30 years now, the idea to launch the project.

    “Due to logistics and cost, soldiers are buried where they died,” Labrie said. “For many years, there was little information available about the names of the young people inscribed on our local cenotaphs.”

    Over the past decade, PSC students have uncovered the history of many of the names inscribed on the Ponoka Cenotaph.

    “As we were learning about this decade-long project, we found some on the Cenotaph that actually survived the war,” Labrie said. “There are, no matter how hard we search, we can’t find any information, and then there are the very many who have been killed in service.”

    Of the World War I names on the Ponoka Cenotaph, there are five names left for students to research out of 42, and five on the list of World War II names, out of 30.

    “Research is the big part. It’s a great example of project-based learning,” Labrie said. “When the students receive this folder, it’s a sheaf of paper, but when they stand in front of the grave, it totally changes everything.”

    As part of honoring the dead and serving as a living memory for the school, the Ponoka Secondary Campus developed the Hall of Valor displaying the names of Ponoka and area veterans. The classrooms are named after the battlefields of Canadian soldiers, such as Flanders, or Juno Beach and more recently Korea and Afghanistan.

    “You have to work on remembrance,” Labrie said.

    The Wolf Creek Board of Directors has approved in principle for students to travel overseas again in the 2022/23 school year for the Broncs World Tour. Approval will be reviewed prior to the new school year trip. For the past two years, the tour has been canceled due to COVID-19 travel restrictions.

    – Submitted by Wolf Creek Public Schools

    Wolf Creek Public Schools

    History of the attraction: 20,000 leagues under the sea


    Magic Kingdom’s (and Disneyland Park’s) long-running classic attraction, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, has a rich history. Even though its disappearance from Disney theme parks in the United States is obvious, the attraction still lives today in other worldwide Disney parks, hidden gems, and will secure its own Disney+ limited series. If you’re a fan of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, let’s see where you can get your Disney Society of Adventurers and Explorers fix with Captain Nemo!

    History of Disney’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Ride

    Disneyland Park hosted “Submarine Voyage” from June 14, 1959 to September 9, 1998, before closing and becoming Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage. While the ride debuted after the famous Captain Nemo movie, it entertained guests with a sense of adventure and a unique ride perspective. However, it was merely the predecessor to Magic Kingdom’s 1971 opening day attraction, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. The latter featured an IP based on the 1954 ride and combined elements found in Disneyland Park with the film.

    Offering rides aboard the USS Nautilus, Disney Park visitors were taken for an ocean tour in a submarine, with small windows showcasing a passing seascape as aerial audio described the crew saga. The Magic Kingdom attraction was a hit on opening day and still holds a place in the hearts of many Disney park fans.

    Credit: Disney

    The ride started with a top-loading, two-sided system. The guests had folding seats and a porthole each. Wikipedia has a full point-by-point runtime of the ride, which will remind any guest who has experienced the attraction of the entertainment that awaits.

    The adventure began as guests descended into the rear of the submarine, leaned over to miss the low-level raised rear hatch, and found a place on board. Throughout the journey, an eerie organ version of the Disney movie’s main theme would play on an endless loop, allowing for storytelling support as well as a drop-out music track if needed. After the standard Disney-style introduction and helmsman’s safety notes, the narration, in the voice of Captain Nemo, would begin.

    With the submarine clear of the dock, the diving sequence began, with hundreds of air bubbles filling the view from the porthole, creating the illusion of descent. Once cleared, the captain introduced himself to his passengers, then showed them the underwater plains around Vulcania. In the lagoon, guests could see moray eels, crabs, lobsters, bass, clams and turtles as well as a multitude of small tropical fish.

    Minutes later, in another homage to the Disney film, an “underwater party” of divers would appear, as animatronics wearing replicas of scuba diving gear designed by Harper Goff worked on beds of kelp and argued with wayward turtles.

    nautilus walt disney world
    Credit: Wikipedia

    With the waterfall bubbles at the entrance to the cavern simulating a surface storm, the captain ordered the submarine to descend into the depths as a precaution, and guests entered the show’s construction section of the attraction. Within minutes, the devastation such a natural phenomenon can create was on full display with the eerie Graveyard of Lost Ships, with centuries-old shipwrecks littering the seabed, guarded by the silent, hovering silhouettes of sharks.

    Leaving the destruction behind, the Nautilus would reach the North Pole, circling the polar ice cap below the surface and narrowly avoiding the large stabbing icebergs in the water. Venturing deeper, the Nautilus entered the eerie world of the Abyss, where guests saw examples of the many strange and bizarre species of deep-sea fish that thrive in such an environment.

    Up slightly, one of the latest discoveries made is the ruins of Atlantis, complete with a typical Disney sea serpent, accompanying mermaids and a treasure trove full of jewels and gold. With the ruins of ancient civilization soon abandoned, the Nautilus would enter the final phase of its journey, with a tribute to the most iconic and memorable part of the 1954 Disney film: the attack of the giant squid. After seeing a much smaller sister, Nautilus, trapped in the clutches of one of these creatures (oddly marked XIII on the tail fin), the passenger sub would itself be attacked by long flapping tentacles.

    With a final push to the surface, the Nautilus would clear the caverns of the dangerous squid and enter the safety of the tropical lagoon, en route to the dock.

    20,000 leagues under the sea magic kingdom of the nautilus
    Credit: walt dated world

    20,000 Leagues Under the Sea has a history of closure hampered by disappointment, as the closure was never officially announced before the attraction was demolished. It was a favorite of those visiting Magic Kingdom, despite its exorbitant maintenance costs and low carrying capacity compared to other attractions. Without notice, the ride was closed on September 14, 1994 for a period of maintenance. Although the attraction was supposed to reopen in 1996, it was permanently closed.

    Three fan-favorite underwater vehicles have been rescued from the fleet and installed behind the scenes for Walt Disney World guests to view. The others were scrapped. Two ships were sunk at Castaway Cay for snorkeling and artificial reef development, but one was so badly damaged due to weather conditions that it was pulled. The third vehicle was parked as a backstage feature for those on the Backlot Tour at Disney’s Hollywood Studios, but was eventually moved to an empty lot. After Disney’s Hollywood Studios redesign for Toy Story Land and Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge, the submarine was shut down, to be retired for runDisney and other events.

    shipwrecked nautilus cay
    Nautilus Castaway CayCredit: Reddit

    Meanwhile, the giant lagoon and 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea ride area was renamed “Ariel’s Grotto” and a King Triton Fountain was installed. This lasted until 2004, when the entire area was demolished, making way for Pooh’s Playful Spot (2005). This playground would give way in 2016 to Magic Kingdom’s large Enchanted Forest Fantasyland expansion, including Storybook Circus, Seven Dwarfs Mine Train, Under the Sea: Journey of the Little Mermaid, and Be Our Guest Restaurant, among other attractions.

    However, the Imagineers were not without a sense of history. They hid a silhouette of the Nautilus in The Little Mermaid: Ariel’s Undersea Adventure in a rock face, and there’s a small sculpture of the Nautilus inside Piglet’s Treehouse. Trader Sam’s Grog Grotto also hosts a cocktail called (and served in a) Nautilus!

    nautilus sam cocktail trader
    Nautilus cocktail from Trader Sam’s Grotto Credit: Reddit

    Which Disney parks have the 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea ride?

    Thanks to global Disney parks like Disneyland Paris and Tokyo DisneySEA, we can get League-flavored excitement. At Disneyland Paris, you can experience “Les Mystères du Nautilus” (that’s French for “The Mysteries of the Nautilus”), which is a step-by-step attraction. This is an updated version of the 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea walkthrough attraction that stood at Disneyland in Anaheim, California in the early 1950s, based on the movie of the same name, before to be transformed into an underwater voyage. Although not the original ride, it is very similar and will give fans a taste of the movie.

    Tokyo DisneySEA greets guests in a small remote-controlled submarine developed by Captain Nemo. They go on a tour to explore the underwater world, but of course the remote goes wrong and as the sub attempts to rise, the sub is attacked by the Kraken and loses control, resulting in a detour into an unknown world.

    tokyo disneysea 20000 leagues under the sea
    Credit: Tokyo disneySEA

    But what about the original car? For Disney fans who loved the 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea attraction, there’s still a chance to relive the attraction! Thanks to the Defunctland virtual reality project, you can now climb back onto the Nautilus underwater ship and sail with Captain Nemo and the crew. An entire YouTube series hosted and created by Kevin Perjurer delves into defunct theme park attractions like JAWS the Ride, ExtraTERRORestrial: Alien Encounter, Back to the Future, Captain EO, and more. Each episode of the Defunctland series is an Imagineering story and mashup, creating a digital theme park out of once-beloved attractions. Even Disney Hollywood Studios’ Sorcerer Hat is getting a VR experience.

    vr 20000 leagues under the sea
    1 credit: Defunctland

    the Nautilus Disney+ TV Series

    For big fans of this classic attraction, Disney+ will host a 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea series titled, Nautilus. In development for over six years, the show will be streaming-focused and is written and executive produced by James Dormer. According to the film’s director, Bryan Singer (X-Men), 20th Century Fox’s version of Jules Verne’s classic “steampunk” inspirational novel, which is set to begin filming later this year, will depend heavily on the tensions of post-reconstruction the American Civil War.

    Acting as a prequel to the original titular 1954 film starring Kirk Douglas, Nautilus will follow Captain Nemo in his youth before he meets Ned Land, as an “Indian prince bereft of his birthright and family”, who is a prisoner of the East India Company – the same company determined to destroy Jack Sparrow in Pirates of the Caribbean — and is determined to right the wrong that stole his life. The series will see the mysterious Captain Nemo battling enemies and discovering “magical undersea worlds” with his motley crew aboard the Nautilus, surely proving to be a storybook-worthy adventure,” reports Collider.

    20000 leagues-under-the-sea-nautilus disney plus art
    Credit: Disney

    For Disney fans who wish we had one more sci-fi chance to dive deep into the sea, we highly recommend planning a trip to Disneyland Park and swimming with Dory on the Finding Nemo Underwater Journey, which will give you the physical experience of the Nautilus contraption and a similar 3D puppet aquarium visual of the original 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea attraction.

    Are you a fan of the 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea attraction? Leave us a comment below!

    PM sets up climate change task force amid heatwave and melting glaciers


    ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif on Monday set up a task force on climate change in view of the heat wave and melting glaciers in the country.

    The task force included relevant federal ministers, secretaries, provincial chief secretaries and relevant provincial secretaries, the chairman of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and senior officials from other agencies.

    The task force will develop a comprehensive strategy to mitigate the effects of climate change in the country and prevent incidents such as the glacier incident in Hunza.

    Chairing a high-level emergency meeting on the recent heat wave and the effects of climate change, the Prime Minister ordered action to prevent food and water shortages and to conserve water and forests .

    The meeting was attended by Federal Ministers Syed Khurshid Shah, Sherry Rehman, Ehsas-ur-Rehman Mazari, Tariq Bashir Cheema, Maryam Aurangzeb, NDMA Chairman Lt. Gen. Akhtar Nawaz and heads of relevant agencies. Participation by video link of Federal Minister of Education Rana Tanveer Hussain and Provincial Secretaries.

    Prime Minister Sharif ordered to take immediate action in this regard and report back at the next meeting. The meeting was informed that climate change was the main reason for the intense heat wave and that Pakistan was the fifth most vulnerable country in the world in terms of climate change.

    It was pointed out that Pakistan, although having significant glacier reserves, was also threatened by water scarcity which could have a direct impact on the country’s agriculture. The Prime Minister ordered to formulate a comprehensive strategy in this regard on an urgent basis and also underlined the launching of a public awareness campaign for water conservation.

    He called for immediate action to ensure rainwater storage before the next monsoon.

    The Prime Minister was also informed of the water shortage in Cholistan, to which he directed an immediate supply of water for human settlements and animals. He ordered to ensure immediate relief activities during the recent heat wave in Cholistan by the district administration and relevant agencies.

    Prime Minister Sharif ordered the chairman of NDMA to go to Hunza immediately and also insisted on the reconstruction of the bridge which collapsed during the melting of the glaciers. The Prime Minister also requested a detailed report at the next meeting regarding the progress of the construction of the bridge.

    Prime Minister Sharif also ordered the Ministry of Education to implement SOPs to prevent the recent heat wave in public schools and to order private schools to implement them. He ordered the Ministry of Health to immediately submit a detailed report on the research and possible effects of the new COVID-19 subvariant.

    Concert at Hawk Mountain to Benefit Injured Chainsaw Carver [Spotlight] – Reading eagle

    Concert at Hawk Mountain to Benefit Injured Chainsaw Carver [Spotlight] – Reading eagle

    Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, Kempton, will host Road to Recovery, a concert in aid of Todd Gladfelter, the chainsaw carver who created artwork for the sanctuary’s amphitheater, on May 28, from 11:45 a.m. to 5 p.m. . Gladfelter suffered a spinal cord injury. during a fall last November. Free entry; donations will be requested.

    Scheduled concerts are Keith Brintzenhoff at 11:45 a.m., Crow Hill at noon, Luke Hertzog at 1 a.m., Texas Rose Band at 1:15 a.m., Big Valley Bluegrass at 2 a.m., The Youngers at 3 a.m., and Dave Kline and the Mountain Folk Band at 4 a.m. The day will end with the singing of “You’ll Never Walk Alone” and a final jam featuring Gladfelter, Kline and other musicians.

    Gladfelter has designed several replicas of 32 species of native Appalachian wildlife, and the resulting work makes the amphitheater a destination in itself. He has received many accolades in the sculpting world, including championships at the Mid-Atlantic National Chainsaw Competition. His work building his log home was detailed in the book “Log Cabin Years: How One Couple Built a Home From Scratch and Created a Life”, written by his wife, Cindy Ross.

    “Todd Gladfelter’s work has made the Sanctuary Amphitheater an iconic space for all,” said Sanctuary President Sean Grace. “It’s a chance for the community to come together in support of Todd and his family.”

    Kline, a Berks County singer-songwriter, community advocate and friend of Gladfelter and his wife, coordinated the musicians for the day.

    “Todd’s tragic fall left him with a spinal cord injury and debilitating paralysis in multiple areas of his body, but he bravely pushed through those deficits and continues to recover and progress steadily,” Kline said. “This fundraiser will help Todd and his family pay for medical bills, therapies and disability services.”

    Bring a blanket or camping chair to sit on. Vince’s Cheesesteaks and The Nesting Box ice cream food trucks will be on site.

    For more information, visit hawkmountain.org/events or call 610-756-6961.


    DCappella have announced a fall US tour, “Deck the Halls With Disney Featuring DCappella”, which will include a stop at the Santander Performing Arts Centre, Reading, on December 18.

    Last week, in honor of Star Wars Day, DCappella, Disney’s first a cappella singing sensation, unveiled a video for “Cantina Band,” their rendition of the John Williams-composed song that appeared in the film. from 1977’s “Star Wars: A New Hope”. .”

    The “Cantina Band” video marks the first time an outside film crew has been allowed to shoot Oga’s Cantina in Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge at Disney’s Hollywood Studios at Walt Disney World, and the first music video ever captured on location. . The song is part of “Magic Reimagined,” DCappella’s latest EP, released on Friday.

    Known for their reimagined classics from the Disney songbook, DCappella was originally formed following a nationwide search for the best a cappella and on-stage vocal performance talent. Since debuting on the “American Idol” stage on Disney Night in 2018, DCappella has toured across North America and Japan.

    Tickets have also gone on sale for A Day To Remember, whose ‘Just Some Shows Tour’ will stop at Santander Arena on August 6, with openings The Ghost Inside and Bad Omens. Earlier this year, A Day To Remember shared a new version of their single “Re-Entry” featuring Blink-182’s Mark Hoppus. “Re-Entry” originally appeared on A Day To Remember’s final studio album. “You’re welcome.” The 14-track collection is highlighted by singles “Brick Wall”, “Degenerates”, “Resentment”, “Mindreader” and the No. 1 Active Rock hit single “Everything We Need”.

    Other new show announcements include Latin singer-songwriter Carin Leon, who will appear July 29 at the Santander Arena. and comedian/YouTuber Daniel Howell, appearing Oct. 21 at the Santander Performing Arts Center. Tickets for all shows are on sale at ticketmaster.com.


    Berks Youth Chorus will perform the final concert of its 30th anniversary season, “Songs of Belonging,” today at 4 p.m. at Atonement Lutheran Church, Wyomissing. The concert will include performances by two BYC ensembles: MasterSingers (grades 8-12) and Chorale (children grades 4-7), both conducted by Sam Barge.

    Tickets are $10 for general admission, $5 for students and $25 for VIPs and will be available at the door.

    “Songs of Belonging” will also bring relief to victims of the conflict in Ukraine as part of the BYC Chorus for Causes project. The singers designed conflict awareness wristbands to sell at the concert, with proceeds going to Save the Children, an organization that serves the needs of crisis-affected children.

    The music will include African American spirituals, American folk tunes, pop songs and musical theater tunes, all centered on messages of hope, compassion, gratitude and resilience.


    The “Unleashing Your Inner Opera Fan” series continues Tuesday at 7 p.m. in the Wyomissing Highlands. The 60-80 minute multimedia presentation will be led by Berks Opera Director of Education and Outreach, David Richie.

    The opera presented will be “Lucia di Lammermoor” by Donizetti, with star singer Kevin Patrick, baritone, who has sung with Opera Delaware, Boheme Opera New Jersey, Baltimore Concert Opera and Delaware Valley Opera Company. He made his off-Broadway debut in 2017 in “Dorian Gray: The Musical” at the New York New Musical Festival.

    Admission is $20 for adults and seniors, $15 for those under 30, payable at the door by cash or check, or use the “Donate” button on berksopera.org.

    An HD Met broadcast of “Lucia di Lammermoor” will air Saturday at 12:55 p.m. at Fox Berkshire, Wyomissing. Reserve your tickets at foxshowtimes.com.

    juggling party

    The Cascade Brigade Juggling Club at Brandywine Heights High School will present a juggling festival on Saturdays from noon to 9 p.m., with a free performance at 6:30 p.m. in the high school’s auditorium. The event includes juggling lessons, workshops and games.

    Expert jugglers Jen Slaw and Michael Karas, who took part in the International Juggling Festival and performed off-Broadway, will perform in the evening show, which is free. (A canned donation voucher for Friend, Inc. is requested.)

    The Cascade Brigade Jugglers will also perform in the show and do a black light stage, which is done in the dark with lighted equipment. Students will also juggle balls, rings, Poi, devil sticks, diablos, clubs and scarves.


    The Pines Dinner Theater in Allentown is staging “Why Do Fools Fall in Love?” » until June 26th. Written and created by Roger Bean, the show centers on an impromptu bachelorette party where Millie (Gianna Graziano) and her best friends Sally (Shannon Cabato Berg), Florence (Aviana Rivera) and Dee Dee (Elizabeth Robinson) dive in age-old questions about love, marriage, and the crushing dating game. As the celebration grows, the girls reveal secrets about their love life, as they poke fun and challenge each other to take control of their lives.

    Featuring 1960s pop hits such as “My Boy Lollipop”, “I Will Follow Him”, “You Don’t Have To Say You Love Me” and “Hey There Lonely Boy”, the show reaffirms that during the struggles of life, true friendship will prevail.

    Ticket prices are $32 for adults and $22 for ages 2-12, which includes a seat for the show, all taxes, and box office fees. All appetizers, main courses, desserts and beverages are available à la carte at an additional cost. The show is rated PG.

    For show times and ticket information, call the box office at 610-433-2333 or visit pinesdinnertheatre.com.


    Yocum Institute for Arts Education, West Lawn, will host “Altered Scapes”, a group exhibition of paintings, mixed media, ceramics and glass, from May 28 to June 30 at its Holleran Gallery, with an opening reception on May 27, from 5 a.m. to 7 p.m.

    The works focus on the mix of unique colors, shapes and textures that the Earth shares with us. These landscapes, depicting land, sea or sky, reflect the expressive and moving interpretations of the beauty of the Earth by five female artists: Linda RohrbachAusterberry, Maureen Bowie, Rhonda Counts, Maxine Rhoads and Elaine Soltis.

    Gallery hours are 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. Monday through Friday and 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Saturday.


    Reading Public Library will join in the celebration of Queen Elizabeth’s Platinum Jubilee on June 4 with festivities starting at 11am and including a screening of the film ‘The Queen’, starring Helen Mirren, accompanied by refreshments. A Princess Tea Party will be held at the Youth Library beginning at 1:30 p.m. Both events will take place at the Main Library, 100 S. Fifth St. They are free and no advance registration is required.

    New book’s world tour of boreal forests establishes their value to life on Earth


    “The Treeline: The Last Forest and the Future of Life on Earth”

    By Ben Rawlence. Press Saint-Martin, 2022. 307 pages. $29.99.

    The boreal forest, that ring of trees that circles the globe at high latitudes, is the largest living system after the ocean; it is also the “lung” of the planet and therefore the key to the health of our planet. Ben Rawlence, who lives in Wales and whose latest book was about a refugee camp in Africa, shared his human rights concerns at the disastrous effects of climate change. From 2018 to 2021, he traveled the forests of the north – in Norway, Russia, Alaska, Canada and Greenland – to meet locals and scientists and to learn for himself what is happening with the trees. further north and the life associated with them.

    How interesting can treeline be? Incredibly interesting, it turns out that the subject is in the hands of such a talented researcher and writer. A book about trees can, we find, turn the page. Part travel adventure, part deep dive into emerging science, part reflection on our history on Earth, part philosophical questioning of Earth’s fate – “The Treeline” is a vivid and beautifully written weave of fascinating topics.

    Organizationally, the book travels the world, with each chapter focusing not just on a different forest, but on the tree species most important to that forest. A map at the beginning, looking towards the North Pole, shows the forests, their northern extent, and the main communities the author visited.

    Rawlence begins in its neighboring Scotland, considered the limit of the Arctic treeline in Europe, although most of its trees were felled centuries ago. Forest succession after the last ice age led Scots pine to cover about 80% of the territory in the past. Today, ‘rewilding’ efforts aim to restore some of this great woodland, but global warming projections suggest the UK’s climate will soon be too inhospitable for pine trees.

    In the next chapter, featuring Norway and the downy or European white birch, Rawlence visits the Sami reindeer herders of the far north. Here and elsewhere, the author makes it abundantly clear that forest health is directly linked to human rights and the abilities of indigenous peoples to maintain their cultural connections and livelihoods. The warmer, wetter weather has caused the Norwegian birch to “race” across the tundra, reducing the habitat required by reindeer and their herders.

    In the chapter on Russia, featuring larch, Rawlence visits several forest areas in winter and meets with scientists and indigenous people. He travels hundreds of miles in a tank-like vehicle with huge tires to find the world’s northernmost trees – spindly larches that grow in extreme cold on thick permafrost. Elsewhere, the thawing of the permafrost causes the water tables to rise and the “drowning” of the larches. He learns that scientists predict that at least 50% of Siberia’s forest will turn into treeless steppe by the end of this century.

    By the time Rawlence investigated Alaska’s treeline and dominant spruce species, the world was in the midst of COVID-19 lockdowns. Unable to visit in person, he did an impressive job studying maps, photos and reports and talking to researchers and residents. As he points out, “Alaska is the most studied region of the Arctic; the United States has the resources and the scientific clout that other nations lack… a frontier in our understanding of what is happening in geographical and scientific terms. He details his conversations in Alaska with Ken Tape, who studied how beavers have recently transformed the landscape; writer Seth Kantner, who grew up along the Kobuk River treeline; and Roman Dial, who has studied the evolution of vegetative dynamics, particularly that of spruce, in the Arctic for more than 40 years. It also details the influences of fungal networks on forest health, how warmer air affects photosynthesis, and the relationship between Alaska spruce evapotranspiration and precipitation in the US Midwest.

    In Canada, Rawlence spent time in Ontario with Diana Beresford-Kroger, “one of the most eminent scholars of the boreal forest” – and, we learn, the model for a character in the novel “The Overstory” by Richard Powers – then in and around Churchill on Hudson’s Bay. Here, we learn how critical the northern forest is to regulating water, air, soil, climate, and ocean productivity. We also learn where the subtitle of the book comes from, referring to “the last forest”. Beresford-Kroger believes that the Amazon and other rainforests are “probably finished,” threatened because they are not just from intentional deforestation, but from drying out and burning. The boreal forest, spanning a wide range of temperatures, has perhaps the best chance of adaptation. In Canada, its flagship species is balsam poplar, or cottonwood poplar.

    Rawlence’s last stop – in organization, not in real time – is Greenland. As the island’s ice cap melts, the land becomes more habitable for trees, of which there are four native species, primarily mountain ash or mountain ash. Rawlence joins a tree-planting group and discusses the emerging field of “strategic ecology,” which is not based on current climatic conditions but on assumptions about the future. “Assisted migration” is another term related to helping species, including trees, move to places where they could survive a warmer world.

    Ultimately, by showing how the boreal forest interacts with all life on Earth, Rawlence paints a grim picture of where we are headed. It does not offer false hope but rather speaks of a necessary change in the way humans live. “Curiosity and observation are the humble but radical conditions for a new relationship with the Earth. Systems change when there is a culture that demands it. The revolution begins with a walk in the woods. Rawlence’s contributions to the cause include founding and directing Black Mountains College, a school in Wales dedicated to teaching climate change mitigation and adaptation skills.

    Total lunar eclipse: the moon will appear to turn red for many lucky earthlings


    Many earthlings will be able to see the Moon briefly turn red on Sunday. The event will mark the first total lunar eclipse this year.

    The rare visual is caused by the Moon passing through Earth’s shadow, blocking much of the Sun’s light from reaching our nearest neighbor.

    The wonderful thing is that when the Moon is entirely in shadow…the Moon will