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In the rain, in the sand, on the glaciers


“We found microplastics in every rain sample (collected in Juneau),” Sonia Nagorski told a group of people listening to her at the American Geophysical Union’s fall meeting in New Orleans on December 13.

Nagorski – a professor at the University of Southeast Alaska in Juneau – was giving a presentation via her computer as she sat in the Alaskan capital at the New Orleans conference. Shortly after she disappeared from the screen, she responded to a list of questions that was emailed to her:

What inspired you to do this study?

“When I first started reading that plastics were being detected almost everywhere on Earth, from the bottom of the Mariana Trench to the Arctic Ocean; in rivers, lakes and even in the air we breathe – I wanted to know how many there was in Juneau.

“In the fall of 2019, I taught a new course on plastic pollution. I had twice as many students as expected. I decided to use the high number by sending everyone to various environments in Juneau to collect samples.

“We collected water and sediment from various streams, lakes and beaches; from the Mendenhall and Herbert Glaciers, and we collected the precipitation.

“We were amazed at how many small fibers and plastic fragments we easily found, especially since we were only seeing a fraction of them using our fairly simplistic methods. In 2020-2021, I have collected rain and snow samples with a few students and added them to the dataset I built with the class.

What is a microplastic?

“A piece of plastic less than 5 millimeters, the length of a grain of rice or less. So you can see the ones that are at or near 5 millimeters, but it’s very difficult to see much smaller than that. without close inspection or a microscope.

How does a bottle of Clorox or a piece of plastic wrap turn into a microplastic particle?

“Plastic doesn’t really biodegrade, at least not over centuries or maybe even millennia. Instead, it mechanically shatters into smaller and smaller pieces when tossed about by waves, water, or wind, or crushed by vehicles. It can also weaken and fragment when baked in the sun.

How did microplastics end up all over Earth, even in Alaska?

“Microplastics are either intentionally made so small, or they come from larger plastics that break into smaller and smaller pieces over time. Humans are pretty much everywhere and we bring plastics with us. Plastics are also dispersed via the atmosphere and ocean currents.

“Here in Juneau, microplastics end up in the environment whenever there is a food wrap left on the ground to be washed in a stream and in the canal, or a plastic bag picked up by the wind.

“According to studies conducted elsewhere, wear and tear on car tires (which are partly made of synthetic rubber) and car brakes is a major source. Bleaching of synthetic fabrics is also a common source.

Where do most Juneau microplastics come from?

“If local sources were important, we would expect to see more microplastics in the Mendenhall Valley, for example, where there are a lot of roads, houses and other human activities and developments, but we didn’t found this.

“Since many microplastics in the rain seem to come from elsewhere, I can only suspect that most come from the Pacific Ocean, as that is the source of most of our winds and rain.

“Other researchers have looked at the mobilization of microplastics off the upper ocean, noting that they are generally low density, lightweight, accumulate near the surface, and can be easily aerosolized by water. wind or wave action. “

Despite the extreme amounts of rain in Juneau, ALL of your samples contained microplastics? Why shouldn’t they be washed?

“Yes, they all had microplastics, and quite a bit (an average of 57 fibers and fragments raining down on every square meter per day, about half of what was measured in Lower 48).

“I took the samples every one to three weeks, so it was a composite over several rainy days. So I don’t have the resolution during a storm, but the samples indicate a large and stable source.

Do microplastics harm animals? Human animals? Seems like we have to ingest them all the time without realizing it.

“While larger plastics (fishnets, six-pack rings, bottle caps) are well known to entangle and starve animals, the effects of microplastics are less well understood. There is evidence that they are harmful and that they can carry other contaminants.

“We definitely ingest microplastics all the time. It’s in soils, dust, plants, seafood and even salt that we sprinkle on our food. Plastic packaging comes off our food, and plastic water bottles can spread particles in the water. We could eat one “credit card” per week (according to a study by researchers at the University of Newcastle in Australia). “

Are there microorganisms that eat microplastics?

“Yes, some lab studies have shown that there are microbes and fungi that can break down microplastics, at least at the scale of a petri dish / lab.

“It is really important that more research is devoted to producing sustainable substitutes for plastic and promoting lower consumption, better waste management, recycling and the microbial decomposition of existing plastic.”

The long-term effects that short-term loans can cause


LAREDO, Texas. (KGNS) – The holidays have left a lot of people strapped for cash and looking for ways to make a quick buck.

A quick fix that some people use to solve their money problems are short term loans.

While this can remedy the situation, it can also create a headache for those who haven’t read the fine print.

It is the most wonderful time of the year and also the most expensive.

Money for food, gifts, and decorations has really left some people in a bind for money.

So naturally, they are looking for the fastest way to make money and turn to emergency loans, title loans, or payday loans.

Jason Meza of the Better Business Bureau says that when it comes to lending, it’s important to know which ones to avoid and find the one that’s best financially right.

Meza says that when obtaining this type of loan, one should always recognize the dangers of high interest rates, short repayment terms and the consequences of non-repayment.

The best way to find out what you are getting into is to ask lenders questions ahead of time or read the fine print.

Meza says consumers need to read contracts better and see something that can be buried, like a prepayment clause or something that will be a penalty if you pay up front.

According to Meza, loan seekers should also be wary of scammers.

The easiest way to spot one is when you are approached by phone or online also by what they are offering you.

When we asked Laredoans about their experience with short term loans like securities lending, many said that they are not a good thing or that they are a scam.

Whatever your reason for getting cash fast, keep these things in mind to make sure you don’t fall into a financial hole.

If you’ve been involved in a short-term loan scam or know someone who has, you can report it to the Better Business Bureau or call the police.

Copyright 2021 KGNS. All rights reserved.

Guide to beautiful Bonavista: the iceberg capital of Canada


If visitors choose the right time, they can watch huge icebergs float off the beautiful coast of Bonavista, Newfoundland.

Bonavista is believed to be where Italian sailor Giovanni Caboto first set foot in the Americas in 1497. Caboto is believed to have shouted “O Buono vista!” after seeing the rugged shore for the first time, and this charming village bears its title. Tourists can see ten thousand year old glaciers drifting into the sea off the coast from the top of the town’s 19th century lighthouse.

With a rocky coastline, sandy coves and beautiful fishing boats, small groups of new and old dwellings can be found. Whales, seabirds and icebergs inhabit the lush forest, transforming into a beautiful coastline. The rocks of the keep crumble into a massive abyss, with two coastal streams resulting from decades of marine weathering. In fact, the landscapes and coastlines of the region bear witness to a deep history.

Getting There

Since there is no direct route to Bonavista, visitors must first travel to Newfoundland.

By plane

  • Nearest Airport – St. John’s Intl. – 23.3 km

By public transport

  • Shirran’s cab leaves Bonavista at 7 a.m. and returns to St. John’s at 2 p.m.
  • He is responsible for the only public transport to Bonavista.
  • Visitors must book in advance. It costs $ 40 for a one-way ticket.

By car

  • The distance between St. John’s and Bonavista is 298 kilometers.
  • The drive from St. John’s to Bonavista takes approximately four hours.

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Things to do

Explore the Bonavista Lighthouse

  • The brightly colored Coast Bonavista Lighthouse is a stunning view of Newfoundland beach, drawing in tourists with its history as the region’s fourth oldest lighthouse.
  • Built in 1843, the Cape Bonavista Lighthouse is one of the few in the world where tourists can climb to the top and see the same lighting mechanism that was used in the 1800s.
  • It’s a great place to see whales, ice caps, and seabirds, and it’s one of the most visited places in Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • Tourists are guided through the kitchenette, living room, and several bedrooms before climbing the steps of the tower to see a magnificent view: a working set of lamps and mirrors that are gently rotated by a mechanical system.
  • A trip to the Cape Bonavista Lighthouse is a must.

Visit the Bonavista Archives

  • The Bonavista Archives were formed to safeguard the city’s heritage as well as to help the city meet its legislative record keeping obligations.
  • The archive organizes, maintains and renders data in a range of easily accessible points of sale; oversees data resources; move passive and permanent documents to archives; and gets rid of obsolete documents without long term use.
  • The documents written in the archives range from the 18th to the 20th century. They contain information on the history of the city as well as on the people of Bonavista and the surrounding area. Genealogy records, company records, contracts, photos, postcards, maps, building plans, audio recordings, and church documents are part of the documents.

Hike the Cape Shore Trail

  • Distance: 3.5 km (one way)
  • Difficulty level: Easy – Moderately difficult
  • A track that runs along the main road from Bonavista to Cape Town, skirting the shore.
  • This hike offers great views of Bonavista Bay as you hike to Cape Bonavista Lighthouse on a well-marked route.
  • Along the route, hikers can admire the rocky coastline while keeping an eye out for seabirds and whales in season.
  • Picnic areas are available all along the route or at the John Cabot Municipality campsite for tourists.

Visit Dungeon Provincial Park

  • Right on Bonavista Bay, close to the Bonavista Lighthouse, is the Dungeon Nature Reserve.
  • The most striking feature is a large heart-shaped hole with two different exits to the water on what appears to be a typical grassy cliff overlooking the water.
  • Visitors can see ocean waves rushing from the viewing platform, the same tides that have sculpted this magnificent sea cave over the centuries, ultimately collapsing to create a natural walkway.
  • Le Donjon is a breathtaking spectacle located a few minutes from the hamlet of Bonavista and a must-see!

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Where to stay

Russelltown Inn

  • A flat screen TV and Netflix are available in each cabin. Several rooms have a sitting area where you can relax after a long day.
  • Each bedroom has its own bathroom. Premium toiletries, linens, hairdryers and bathrobes are included in your accommodation for your convenience.
  • Free WiFi access is available throughout the Russelltown Inn.
  • Bike rental is provided, and cycling is prevalent in the neighborhood.
  • Address: 134 Coster Street West, A0C 1B0 Bonavista, Canada

Sunny cottage

  • Seakissed Cottage is a home in Bonavista with free Wi-Fi and ocean views.
  • It offers free parking permits.
  • There is a microwave in the kitchenette. There is a television with cable networks.
  • Address: 9 SMITH LANE, A0C 1B0 Bonavista, Canada

Robbins by the sea

  • Robbins by the Sea is located in Bonavista and offers accommodation with a balcony.
  • BBQs are available at this vacation rental.
  • A kitchenette, relaxation area and TV are included in this vacation rental.
  • A sun terrace is available in the holiday home. Visitors can also relax in the shared lounge.
  • Address: 38, chemin Ryans Hill, A0C 1B0 Bonavista, Canada

Dorman’s mansion

  • Dorman’s Manor is located in Bonavista and features a porch and ocean views.
  • There is a lawn and a free parking permit in this vacation rental.
  • There is a DVD player and a television with cable networks.
  • Address: 63, rue Roper, A0C 1B0 Bonavista, Canada

Bonavista is today a thriving tourism industry. It is home to the friendliest inhabitants of Newfoundland and many of the area’s most significant historical monuments. It is a must see attraction in Newfoundland.

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Legend says Santa Claus lives in a mine in Svalbard


On the Norwegian the archipelago of Svalbard, where polar bears reign and where dark nights are illuminated by Northern Lights, there is a legend that Santa Claus lives in an abandoned mine under the ice.

Svalbard is one of the closest inhabited areas to the North Pole with a population of almost 3,000.

In the icy tundra, foxes scurry and reindeer graze on the dwarf shrubs of arctic white heather.

Cecilia Blomdahl has lived in Svalbard for six years. (Cecilia Blomdahl)

And in mine number two, also known as Gruve, local folklore says Santa Claus resides.

People of all ages can drop letters in a red letterbox that stands in front of the mine and addresses the man in red himself.

That Santa is really busy giving gifts in the mine shafts, Svalbard content creator Cecilia Blomdahl says there is an abundance of Christmas magic in the winter city.
Mine 2 or Gruve is believed to be where Santa Claus lives.
Mine 2 or Gruve is believed to be where Santa Claus lives. (Cecilia Blomdahl)

“We are above the arctic tree line, so Christmas is magic,” Ms. Blomdahl said.

She has lived in Svalbard for six years and expressed her love for all the traditions that accompany the holiday season on the archipelago.

“We have this incredible tradition in Longyearbyen [one of the main towns on Svalbard]. The whole village is invited to meet in this unique place called Huset. We have torches and we all wear reflective gear, then they turn off the lights all over that part of the village, then we go down to the town square, ”Ms. Blomdahl said.

People light torches for a procession on the first day of Advent.
People light torches for a procession on the first day of Advent. (Cecilia Blomdahl)

The procession takes place on the first day of Advent because it is rumored that on that day Santa Claus returns to the mine, according to Ms Blomdahl.

She added that there is also an array of community activities that take place this time of year.

“We have Christmas tables what we call them. So these are Christmas dinners with very specific Norwegian food. So it continues until Christmas,” Ms. Blomdahl said.

“We have Christmas concerts, we have LuciatÃ¥g, where there’s a woman with a wreath and lights on it. It’s called the Lucia train. You always did that at school. You do this people train. with different characters, and they sing in different places. “

Christmas tree in the town square, imported from northern Norway.
Christmas tree in the town square, imported from northern Norway. (Cecilia Blomdahl)

The temperature in winter can drop to -20 ° C, which means that no trees are growing in Svalbard.

Real Christmas trees are therefore imported from northern Norway.

One is placed in the town square of Longyearbyen and is lit for everyone’s enjoyment.

While torches and string lights are used as Christmas decorations, there is a natural light show in the sky that adds even more sparkle to Svalbard.

The Northern Lights in Svalbard can be seen on polar nights in winter.
The Northern Lights can be seen on polar winter nights from Mrs. Blomdahl’s house. (Cecilia Blomdahl)

“I look up and see the sky is green. It was one of the most incredible shows I have seen in years,” Ms. Blomdahl said, recalling a recent night she had. watched the northern lights from her own backyard. .

“Every time it’s beyond me,” she said.

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“Anytime you can walk around the village and suddenly you see this little trail of green, and you just know it’s there. Looks like it’s part of our little secret.”

Climate change, weather crises and beyond – KSNF / KODE – FourStatesHomepage.com


THE BACKGROUND: Melting glaciers, deadly flooding in Germany, record summer temperatures in generally mild Oregon, more urgent appeals for help from Pacific island nations. With increasing urgency, the effects of climate change have been felt all over the world in 2021.

A United Nations climate conference in Glascow, Scotland, in November – called COP26 – ended with nearly 200 countries agreeing to a compromise to keep a key global warming goal alive, but which contained a last minute change that watered down the language about phase-out. coal.

While many countries complained that the deal had not gone far enough or fast enough, they said it was better than nothing and allowed for incremental progress.

Here, some Associated Press reporters involved in the coverage reflect on the story and their own experiences.


SETH BORENSTEIN, science writer, Washington, DC:

COP26 kind of leaves us where we were before. There’s a little more effort to try to control emissions, a lot more promises to get things done. But many of those promises are still based on the future. These net promises to zero by 2050, 2060 – these are promises made by leaders who will not be alive when their promises come due.

It was also an interesting year where you had a major climate report in August. But more than anything, it is yet another year when climate change continues to appear in extreme weather conditions all over the world. But this year, maybe a little more in the western countries, richer than in the past: in Germany, in Belgium, horrible floods in Tennessee, places like that. And not to mention the wildfires and 116 degree (47 Celsius) heat in Portland, Oregon. I mean, if you had to pick one weird thing, the Pacific Northwest is known for its smoothness, but there are records and then there are records, and theirs are so far off the scale that your eyes come out. And that’s what Portland was.


Rich countries are not exempt. But when you’re rich, you can run away from it more easily. You can withstand extreme weather conditions when you are in the Global North much better than you can in the South. But then there are extremes which are so great that wealth cannot help you that much.


And so that’s one of the problems with adaptation: the rich countries of the world can, and the poor countries cannot. And that was one of the main issues we saw in Scotland at the conference. What we saw… is that kind of combination of hope because nations were saying the right thing and promising the right thing to do that would help reduce emissions in the future. More than they ever have. And yet temperatures are still rising, extremes are getting even worse. So you kind of have that combination of optimism – and there was a lot of optimism there – and also a harsh reality slapping yourself in the face. And you would ping pong from “Oh, that looks promising” to “Oh my God”.


FRANK JORDANS, correspondent, Berlin:

Thinking about the peculiarity of covering the climate this year, I was struck by the fact that normally covering climate change from Germany is a bit like covering a war 100 miles from the front line, is not it ? Because you sort of think all the action is happening elsewhere. And it is certainly true that most of the most serious impacts occur in the countries of what is called the Global South. Or the Far North, because it heats up much faster than anywhere else.

But this year we had two events in Germany which were really quite significant. One of them was a Supreme Court ruling in April here in Germany. Basically, the court ruled that the government had not done enough to chart the course the country must follow if it is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions quickly enough to meet these Paris targets. And the judges basically said they were putting too much pressure on the younger generation, pushing too much beyond 2030. And they said it was actually a restriction on the freedoms of the younger generation. … The Supreme Court justices here have actually said that if we do not tackle climate change then fundamental freedoms will be impeded. And in saying that, it was a hugely important moment that could change the course of how future governments view things.

The second was those floods that Seth mentioned in Germany and Belgium. Granted, there is occasional flooding here, but nothing to do with what we saw in July. And while some people said, well, we should have seen it coming, really, the general population was not prepared for it. And it really woke people up to see almost 200 people killed in a matter of hours and entire villages swept away. In a country like Germany, I mean, they can afford to rebuild, but it’s still billions (in damage) in a devastating flood.


NOAH BERGER, photographer, San Francisco:

I’ve been a press photographer for 26 years, so I had a bunch of forest fires here and there. But really, 2013 Rim Fire near Yosemite was the first that allowed me to focus on this specialty. I went there and spent a few days there with a colleague from Getty, we were riding and I loved being there.

In California, we have access to the press in emergency areas. …. So when I started it was more about how close you could get because I didn’t have all the tools I have now. It was harder to know the right places to be, but it was a powerful experience. And after that, I said, that’s what I want to do with my summers and my falls. And every year since then, I’ve really increased the equipment I use, the knowledge I have, the interactions with the firefighters. Whether it’s something physical, like a carbon monoxide detector for the car or a fire shelter, or a better understanding of firefighting techniques.

Each year I have increased my knowledge of fire. And it has worked well, as our fires have also escalated incredibly. Every year since then, with a few exceptions, you’ve only seen new superlatives: more homes, more lives lost, more intensity. Especially since 2015.

It is easy to interact with the firefighters. I am dressed like a firefighter. I know the lingo. You know I stop and they know I’m not a firefighter, but I fit in too. … I still have trouble with (civilians). I mean, we’re going to someone, and usually it’s someone fleeing their home as the flames descend, in immediate danger or returning to their razed home. And it’s really hard to approach people as a human. You know it’s one of the worst days of their lives and you’re like, “Hey, can I go out with you? “


I think the intensity has been surprising to all of us, and how much it has increased. I don’t know what percentage you can put on climate change, what percentage on PG&E, what percentage on bark beetle mortality, which was part of the drought here, where a lot of trees are very flammable and combustible. But it is quite indisputable that the fires have definitely intensified. I think you could research the exact number. But, according to CalFire, our state firefighting agency, 15 of California’s 20 most destructive wildfires have occurred in the past six years. This is a very striking statistic. I’ve only been doing this for eight years and have covered 14 of the 20 most destructive wildfires in California history.


For a full look at the events that shaped 2021, “A Year That Changed Us: 12 Months in 150 Photos”, a collection of AP photos and journalist memorabilia, is available now: https: // www. ap.org/books / a-year-that-changed-us

If your finances are tight, don’t assume FinTech is your friend


Breaking a general rule, I will speak from personal experience. While looking for equipment for personal and professional use, I noticed that one site offered some form of financing focused on FinTech. I filled out the form, sent in additional information, and poof there was an offer to pay for the item over two years.

Looking at the details, however, it became apparent that the terms were pretty stiff. Not that the fintech company is making it too clear. Instead, he focused on the monthly payment (which couldn’t be paid earlier to save money) and the usefulness of developing a business credit history with Dun & Bradstreet.

A little quality time with a calculator showed the terms resulted in an annual rate of 25%. Which was ridiculously high. I declined the kind offer and walked away with what had already been growing mistrust of fintech.

“Help the unbanked,” they say. “Offer credit alternatives to those who have used payday loans. “

But while fintech is a vast tech space, some of those engaged in the space look a lot like predatory non-tech financial firms from the outside.

Watch a release today from the Office for Financial Protection of Consumers, entitled “Loan of CFPB roller shutters by a Fintech supported by VC for violation of an order of the agency”.

Today, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced that LendUp Loans has agreed to stop making new loans and collect some outstanding loans, as well as paying a penalty, to resolve a September 2021 lawsuit alleging that he continued to engage in illegal and deceptive marketing in violation of a 2016 CFPB order. The lawsuit also accuses LendUp of breaking fair lending rules.

the CFPB alleged in 2016 that LendUp “has not given consumers the ability to take out credit and give them access to cheaper loans, as it claimed consumers.” “

The company had positioned itself as an alternative to payday loans, a type of short-term credit that tends towards usurious rates. This is still on the market as having been “founded with one clear and simple goal: to provide everyone with a path to better financial health.”

Although now under frequently asked questions, in response to “Are you still lending?” Reads: “LendUp has made the business decision to stop lending and no longer handles loans.” You can continue to access a series of online training courses and / or visit our resources page for additional services.

“LendUp was backed by some of the biggest names in venture capital,” CFPB Director Rohit Chopra said today in the agency’s statement. The list included Google Ventures, Andreessen Horwitz, Kleiner Perkins, PayPal Holdings and QED Investors. “We are closing the lending operations of this fintech for having repeatedly lied and deceived its customers.”

Strong language and note that a agreement today between the company and the agency includes the following wording: “Respondent [LendUp] neither admits nor denies the allegations contained in the complaint, except as specified in this ordinance. For the purposes of this Order, the defendant admits the facts necessary to establish the jurisdiction of the Court over him and the subject-matter of this action. So the company is not saying it did something illegal.

But it is an example of the controversial and troubled use of fintech. Earlier this year, Congress repealed the so-called “real lender rule” that was created under the Trump administration by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, one of the regulators with power over banks.

The rule allowed non-bank lenders – often online fintech companies – to partner with banks that were willing to charge their names at triple-digit interest rates on loans and have their name appear. the bank on the loan documents. But critics noted that it was the non-bank lender who made the loan and only used the bank – often referred to as the rental bank – to keep it away from liability. And to afford those huge interest rates that can and have shattered people.

“In recent years, new fintechs have emerged that are partnering with banks to offer responsible small dollar lending at affordable rates,” said Senator Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) during a Senate hearing on April 28, 2021 on the matter, even though some of the deals between fintechs and rent-a-banks allowed loans at unaffordable rates.

Not all consumer-focused fintech companies are like this. But there are those who target the desperate. People should be wary and the government should do more to stop these kinds of practices, whether they are committed by someone behind a physical barrier in a payday loan office or by high tech masters using computers to doing business and making obscene amounts of money. paste.

Bondi Icebergs closed due to fear of Covid


Australia’s most famous swimming pool and a Sydney icon will remain closed until after Christmas following a Covid alert.

The iconic Bondi Icebergs swimming pool will remain closed at least until December 26 after staff were exposed to Covid by a visitor who subsequently tested positive.

The Icebergs club house which overlooks the swimming pool will remain open; however, those who attended the club at the same time as the infected person are advised to get tested.

“We have been informed of a positive case of Covid which presented to the club on Sunday December 19 from 2 p.m. to 6.30 p.m.,” the club said in a statement.

“We advise customers to follow NSW’s advice, watch for symptoms and get tested. “

The pool has been a landmark for over 100 years and boasts international fame for its location overlooking famous Bondi Beach.

NSW recorded another jump in Covid cases on Wednesday, with 3,763 new infections and 302 people hospitalized, 40 of whom required intensive care.

“NSW Health continues to remind everyone to practice safe behaviors against Covid, including advising people to wear masks in places where they cannot physically distance themselves,” NSW Health said in a statement.

“Get tested and stay home if you have milder symptoms. Don’t visit family, friends, or go to social events if you’re feeling unwell.

Read related topics:Sydney

RELATED: The Invention of Santa Claus


On Connections: Love it or hate it, the story is a map. Those who hate history think it doesn’t matter; many who love history think it is an escape. In truth, history is the clearest road map for how we got here: America in the 21st century.

The tree and the cheerful man in the soot-encrusted, fur-lined red costume are pictures of Christmas. The question is: when and where did they first appear?

Some argue that any origin story of Santa Claus must begin with a Greek born in the third century. Nicholas of Patara (formerly Greece, now Turkey) was a devout Christian born to wealthy parents. Nicholas dedicated his life to Jesus’ saying: “Sell what you have and give the money to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven.” Nicolas helped the needy, the sick and the suffering. He died a bishop and was subsequently made a saint. Saint Nicholas was imprisoned and persecuted by the Romans. It’s a laudable story, but not a festive one.

Father Christmas drawn by Kenny Meadows, from the Illustrated London News, December 1847. Image: Saint-Nicolas Center

There was the happiest Santa Claus in England as early as the 1500s. He was a tall man in scarlet robes lined with fur and full of good humor, food and wine. (Think of the ghost of the Christmas present in Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol.”) However, this is where the similarities end. He had no relationship with children or gifts, no sleds, and no familiarity with fireplaces. He was the symbol of the rejoicings of adults – Bacchus or Dionysus in a red robe.

Our Father Christmas, the snowman who makes a list and flies on Christmas Eve to deliver gifts to worthy children, was a 19th century invention. It was introduced along with other things we take for granted: the Christmas tree, the stockings “hanging neatly over the fireplace” and those “eight little reindeer”. Our vision of Christmas and its symbols belongs to the inventiveness of the 19th century.

A small volume, “For Little Ones Five to Twelve” was published in 1821. It contained a poem entitled “Old Santeclaus with Much Delight”. The unknown author described a reindeer sleigh and a happy little man bringing gifts to the children. He read, in part:

“Old Santeclaus with great pleasure
His reindeer lead this freezing night,
O’r chimneys, and snow tracks,
To bring you his annual gifts.

Two years later, “A Visit From St. Nicholas” (better known today as “The Night Before Christmas”) was published in the Troy Sentinel. It appeared on December 23, 1823 and soon after Old Santeclaus was attributed to Clement Clarke Moore.

Cover of a 1912 edition of “Twas the Night Before Christmas”, illustrated by Jessie Willcox Smith. Image courtesy of Wikipedia

In two poems, Moore invented our modern Santa Claus. He attributed all his modern attributes to the old man: Santa Claus rode in a sleigh that landed on the rooftops, he entered through the fireplace with a sack full of toys, had gifts for the nice children, and a short time to the villains. Santa Claus was “a good old cheerful elf” with “a little round belly” who “shook when he laughed like a bowl full of jelly”. His eight little reindeer were Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Dunder and Blixem. Later, through a series of changes and deliberate misspellings, the last two names changed to Donner and Blixen.

In 1853, stockings hung on the fireplace and Santa Claus was a regular prop, but his name varied. In a magazine article, he was described as a “fabulous character” called alternately Kris Kringle, Saint Nicholas or Father Christmas. Exactly when Santa Claus went from a round-bellied elf to a tall, stout person is less certain, but an illustration by Thomas Nast from January 3, 1863, Harper’s Bazaar depicts Santa Claus in the way that would be reproduced in from that day. .

Thomas Nast’s version of Santa Claus.

Santa’s address wasn’t set until 1866. Again, Nast gets credit for this anecdote as well. In Harper’s Bazaar on December 29, 1866, Nast’s illustration has a caption: “Santa Claussville, NP [North Pole]. “In 1869, another illustration by Nast, Santa Claus and His Works, accompanies a text by George P. Webster. Webster’s text clearly translates the preceding” NP. “It reads:” The house of Santa Claus is near the North Pole, in ice and snow. “

In 1870, the guy in the red suit who lived at the North Pole was a well-accepted part of the Christmas story. And everyone had memorized the lines:

He jumped on his sleigh
His team blew the whistle
And they all flew away like the down of a thistle
But I heard him exclaim before he was out of sight
Merry Christmas everyone a good night

Christmas as we know it – trees and wreaths, Christmas bells and carols, gifts and good food – is as much a product of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, as anywhere else. The authors of the modern celebration were residents of Stockbridge: an old maid named Catharine Sedgwick, a German immigrant named Charles Follen, and an artist named Norman Rockwell.

In novels and stories, Catherine drew the original and indelible image of children with rosy cheeks, their eyes shining with happiness on Christmas morning. Catharine borrowed from her experience of New York Christmases and New Years celebrations in Stockbridge. You see, in Massachusetts, New Years’ Day was the holiday that included parties, food, gifts, and children’s games. Christmas was not celebrated.

In Massachusetts, the celebration of Christmas was banned. Caroling has been associated with extortion and partying with uncivilized behavior. Sedgwick, the most popular American author of her day, transformed the Christmas image from an adult festive image into one of innocent childish joy. In 1856, Christmas became a legal holiday in Massachusetts.

Christmas tree depicted in “The Stranger’s Gift”, 1836. Image: American Antiquarian Society

Follen and his wife Eliza delighted their guests with a Christmas tree. For the benefit of his 2-year-old son, Follen recreated the German Christmas of his childhood. He picked out a tree in the woods, cut it down, and put it in a tub of water. There he hung small dolls, golden eggshells and paper cornucopias filled with candied fruit. It was lit by candles.

One guest described it: “It was really beautiful; the room appeared to be in flames, and the ornaments hung so well that no accidents happened except that a doll petticoat caught fire. Clever Follen placed a damp sponge attached to a stick nearby to put out any potential fire “and no harm resulted.”

When the children “came in … every voice was muffled … all eyes were wide … all steps stopped.”

Follen’s was not the first Christmas tree in America or the world, but it was, as far as we know, the first in Massachusetts. Did he light the candles first in Stockbridge, Lexington or Boston? It’s not certain, but suffice it to say that he wrote about the tree and his zest for living in Stockbridge with “so many good friends” almost in one breath.

One hundred years later, in his iconic “Main Street at Christmas” image, Norman Rockwell captured the images and feelings of a New England Christmas.

Thanks to three residents, Massachusetts played a central role in creating the modern American Christmas. To each of you, may your vacations be joyous and bright, filled with all that we now associate with vacations.

Glacier bears perform well in recent competitions


The Whitehorse Glacier Bears Swimming Club has had some success in two competitions recently.

Through Morris prokop to 20 December 2021

The Whitehorse Glacier Bears Swimming Club has had some success in two competitions recently.

The Christmas Cracker Gathering took place December 2-5 in Victoria, BC, at the Commonwealth Center.

“We were delighted to be able to go,” said Escobar. “Also, BC was going through things, shutting down and doing things. They also went through the state of emergency for different reasons. But it was finally confirmed and we took 13 athletes. Normally we take about 30, but most of the swimmers who make it to this meet didn’t feel ready to travel yet. “

Everyone outside of British Columbia had to be vaccinated, which eliminated swimmers under the age of 12. All 13 swimmers were vaccinated and ranged from 12 to 18 years old. 400 swimmers participated in the competition.

“It was such a good meeting for us,” exclaimed Escobar. “It was so good for us to come back and run again after almost two years.”

According to Escobar, the competition is “normally huge, around 700-800 swimmers … Santa Claus is coming, and the Grinch is coming, it’s a Christmas (event)”.

The Glacier Bears swam a total of 90 races, with 75 personal bests and 29 finals achieved. Six new club records were also set.

“There were 13 of us swimmers competing in 29 finals – it was incredibly positive for us, and having 75 personal bests is very high above the average for any running club at any point in the race. year. So we were in the process of doing it, ”exclaimed Escobar.

“And we also qualified three new swimmers to the Divisionals (Corbin Jackson, Reese Jackson and Hugh Stopps).

The divisionaries take place in February in Victoria.

“The fact that we had three new qualified swimmers for the divisionals was very successful.”

“The head coach of (University of) Victoria, which is one of the best programs in the country, is very interested in having two of our boys join their team, so they were noticing performances.

“And at that competition in Toronto, the head coach of Simon Fraser University, which is a University that competes in Division 2 in the United States, also sent an offer to one of our swimmers. So it was pretty good, ”recalls Escobar.

“I think our voice and our program are getting noticed now; Said Escobar. “We are doing a good job. I didn’t necessarily expect so much success because we haven’t formally raced for so long. Now that we were exposed (to the race), we have shown some success. “

Two of the swimmers, Mia Barrault and Thomas Gishler, competed in the Ontario National Junior competition in Toronto from December 9-12. In Victoria, they weren’t doing their main events, but still qualified for several finals. “It’s a good note for me, that they were there for the first time, in a bigger competition, that they were doing their non-events and that they qualified for each final,” said Escobar. .

“The other, the highlight was the 200 breaststroke on Sunday, and our swimmer, Thomas Bakica, was amazing. He swam fast enough to qualify for the Toronto competition but couldn’t make it as the deadline for the Toronto competition was November 30 … but he was awesome!

Alex Petriw, Liam Gishler, Emily Vangel, Khushi Brar, Adelle Sternbergh, Will Snugden and Kale Masse were the other swimmers in the BC competition.

The Toronto competition was restricted to swimmers 18 and under and is the fastest short course competition in Canada for this age group. According to Escobar, it’s a bit like a mini-national in which international teams normally participate. This year, only Canadians participated.

It was the first time that Barrault and Gishler took part in the meeting.

“Time standards are drastically fast. They are at the national level. Qualifying for this competition is first of all super hard. You have to be quick to leave, ”said Escobar.

Gishler raced in five events and broke four club records and placed in the top 5 in the 800-meter freestyle, and narrowly missed the Canadian trials by less than a second in that event.

“He killed him,” Escobar said. “So this kid is now on track to qualify for the Canadian National Trials. Without a doubt, he will get by.

Barrault made two finals, finishing in the top 10 in the 100-meter breaststroke and won the B final in the 200-meter breaststroke. She also achieved a personal best in the 200-meter individual medley and the 100-meter butterfly. Barrault has already qualified for the Canadian Trials in Victoria April 5-11.

“It was a bit shocking for them to be at that level. It was completely out of their comfort zone, but they managed to pull themselves together and stand on the blocks and give their 100 percent.

“It was a great learning experience for us. There were swimmers from all over Canada … I was very happy to be there with them teaching them new strategies for mind control, nerve control, “focus on what you have to do, let’s go, ”said Escobar.

“It was good … we came home very happy with what we did.

Meanwhile, the meeting with Ryan Downing has been postponed to January 22 and 23. It was originally scheduled for November 11-12, but was postponed due to the state of emergency under the Civil Emergency Measures Act (CEMA) declared on November 8.

“It was very unfortunate because I think the state of emergency was announced the same week, so we had everything planned but then we had to cancel and it was very disappointing,” said Escobar.

The event was postponed mainly due to capacity issues and mostly unvaccinated children as they are under 12 years old.

The club will be hosting a Christmas camp from December 20-24 for Polar Bears, Kodiaks and Silvertips. After the Christmas holidays, they resume their activities on January 4.

Thousands of Payday Loan and Home Loan Debt Canceled for Satsuma and Provident Clients


THOUSANDS of customers who have taken out payday loans and borrowed money through the home loan have had their debts written off.

Anyone with an outstanding loan from Provident or Satsuma will no longer need to repay what they owe.


Thousands of loans have been canceled – but millions of customers could be repaidCredit: Getty

Provident announced earlier this year that it was closing its doors after nearly 150 years in business.

The company’s online payday loan business, Satsuma, was also shut down.

It hasn’t taken on any new clients since then, but anyone with an existing loan still had to make repayments.

Now, Provident and Satsuma clients with outstanding loans have been told that they will no longer have to repay the money they owe.

The two companies will close permanently by the end of the year and the outstanding balances will be reduced to zero.

A spokesperson for Provident said: “Provident Financial Group has informed mortgage and Satsuma customers that as of December 15, it has stopped receiving their payments and all outstanding customer loans are now written off.

“Customer credit reports are also updated to show a zero balance. PFG’s consumer credit division will close as planned on December 31, 2021. “

It is understood that tens of thousands of borrowers are affected by the cancellation of the loan.

They will see their loan marked as settled or partially settled on their credit report and will not have to do anything.

No refunds will be made after December 31st and anyone who makes one after this date will be refunded the money.

If your money has been transferred to a debt collector acting on behalf of Provident or Satsuma, the loan is written off.

But if your loan was sold to another business because you fell behind, you still owe the money and MUST keep paying back.

Sara Williams from DebtCamel Debt Advice Site, said: “This write-off is a nice Christmas surprise for people with Provident and Satsuma loans who were struggling to repay them.”

But customers whose debt has been forgiven should also make a claim if they believe they have been mis-sold for a loan from Provident or Satsuma.

She said: “Anyone who has had this write off should now think about making a claim with the provident fund.

“Collecting the balance may have been your top priority, but if your request is upheld, any negative marks on your credit report for unaffordable Provident and Satsuma loans will be removed.

“It may be worth more to you than getting the money back.”

Cash back for badly sold loans

About 4 million customers could be owed in cash if they were mis-sold on a loan.

This goes for those who still had an outstanding loan that has now been canceled and those who have already paid it off – even many years ago.

Anyone who took out a loan from Provident or Satsuma between April 6, 2007 and December 17, 2020 may be eligible.

They must claim the money, however, and have until the end of February next year to apply.

Customers who took loans from Greenwood or Glo, which were also managed by Provident, could also be liable for cash.

To be reimbursed, your loan must be deemed “unaffordable” and the majority of complaints about Provident have been upheld due to a lack of proper affordability checks.

A loan is only affordable if you can make the repayments while still being able to pay all of your regular bills and living expenses.

On the other hand, if your loan repayments forced you to go into more debt or default on payments, it was probably unaffordable.

How much you get back will depend on how much you borrowed and for how long, as well as how many other people are asking for a repayment, as there is a set amount of money to give.

The money will be released after the repayment program closes on February 28, 2022.

You can read more about how to claim a Provident or Satsuma loan if you think you’ve been mis-sold in our guide.

You could be owed thousands of pounds sterling from other vendors who have mis-sold loans and other financial products.

Half a million Sunny payday loan customers had their credit reports wiped out last year because of poorly sold loans.

Mortgage Advisor Explains Why You Should Never Include References To Jokes When Transferring Money To Friends

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Rangers lead ‘tight ship’ as 2 new ‘must have’ hires confirmed


The Rangers have just made two new appointments to “essential” positions within their executive branch.

This is the view of finance guru Kieran Maguire, speaking exclusively to Football initiate on the latest conference room developments at Ibrox.

Kenny Barclay has joined as chief financial officer, while David Graham has been appointed chief communications officer, as confirmed on December 11.

Meanwhile, George Letham is set to step down from the board, although he will continue to play an advisory role.

Former president Dave King, whose history with the Rangers dates back more than two decades, has also launched a spectacular bid to join the club.

Maguire said the Scottish champions’ latest two additions are “absolutely essential” to their corporate success.

“Both roles are essential” he said Football initiateis Adam Williams.

“The clubs are fully aware of the importance of managing a tight ship. You need a reasonable budget that can avoid icebergs.

“That’s why you need a good CFO at a club like Rangers with what they’re trying to do right now.

“Having a good bond between the boardroom and the fan base is absolutely essential in terms of communication.

“If you can build trust through a communications director, that can only work in the club’s favor.

Rangers recorded a loss of £ 23.5million in the last financial year despite their first league title in a decade.

They estimated that an additional £ 7million will need to be pumped into the club to cover operating costs this season.

In other news, an expert explains “the biggest challenge” for Giovanni van Bronckhorst at Rangers after Kemar Roofe’s Instagram reveal.

Maguire facing Man United ax after ‘big’ update on transfer of reliable journalist – srn news

John Winger Obituary (1946 – 2021) – Driggs, ID


John Winger was born March 1, 1946 in Rexburg, Idaho, to Vernon Winger and Doris Rammell Winger. John died of complications from COVID on December 17, 2021 at his ranch in Victor, Idaho. John died as he lived, on his own terms, still insisting on taking care of daily chores.

John grew up in Teton Valley Idaho. He spent his youth in the town of Driggs with his neighborhood friends. Days were spent driving their horses to their favorite fishing holes and playing baseball. There was no sport or activity that John was not involved in. He always tried to play baseball with his older brother Parley and his friends, once they realized how talented he was as a pitcher they let him sign up but it took a lot of persistence. .

His family had a ranch in Darby where they spent many years working, but when John was 12 they bought a ranch from Victor on Pole Canyon Road along Warm Creek. There was a lovely old log farmhouse and stable on the property. John and his father Vernon began farming and ranching in Victor and developed a very productive operation, while his mother made their home beautiful. They raised horses and cattle and worked very hard to make the new ranch their home. At that time, they did not have sprinkler irrigation and irrigated by flood. In August, when they had the harvest and watering finished, they still looked forward to returning south. They had a great time in the southern mountains on their way back to Upper Palisades Lakes. John loved the mountains on horseback and hunting. He was talking about the fall and how he couldn’t wait to get home to climb the mountain. He loved his trips with his father in the late fall to hunt and he never lost his love for the southern mountains. He has spent every day of his life enjoying the mountains in his own way.

John attended Teton High School, was the student body president in his senior year, and excelled in every sport he played. He was the quarterback and captain of the football team, the captain and pitcher of the baseball team, and was also a member of the basketball team. After graduation, John attended Idaho State University. In 1966, John married Peggy, the neighbor’s daughter (Bob and Afton Blanchard). Shortly after having their first child Kirk Paul Winger. John and Peggy moved to Pocatello, so John could continue his education at Idaho State University where John obtained his associate degree in electronics. However, after graduation John could not deny his one true passion which was farming and ranching and moved to Victor to help his father Vernon.

John was a hard worker and a perfectionist. He never did anything by half, if it’s worth doing, it’s worth doing well. He became known as the “go to guy”, if you needed advice on breeding, farming, irrigation you call John. He has helped many people to get into farming and ranching and has made many long-standing friends. John served as President of Trail Creek Sprinkler for many years and will be irreplaceable. Over the years he has grown seed potatoes, malt barley and hay. He ran a beef cattle operation for many years and in 2009 he sold the last cattle and cried when they left the property. He loved the life of a farmer and rancher and never wanted to do anything else. John and Peggy had their second child in September 1976, Summer Lee Winger. He was lucky to have another child and his family was complete.

John was an avid fisherman and loved Jackson Lake. When he wasn’t busy working on the ranch, he could be found out on the lake either in the boat or on the ice. He was always the first person on the ice in winter and everyone called John to see if the ice was thick enough to start fishing.

John loved his pets and always had dogs and cats to keep him company. He was a very kind and generous man and unduly humble. He will be sorely missed.

John is predeceased by his parents Vernon and Doris Winger, his three brothers Parley, Gaydon and Gary. John is survived by his children Kirk (Tracey) Winger, Summer Winger (Tyler Jones), his sister Sally Rasmussen and his four grandchildren whom he loved very much, Jade Winger Zazzara, Briggen Jones, Hayzen Jones and Payden Jones, and his ex-wife Peggy Winger.

There will be no formal service, but we will have a small gathering at 9948 S 1000 W Victor Ranch on Thursday, December 23 from 3 to 6 p.m. if you wish to see the family. In lieu of flowers, please send donations to Hapi Trails Horse Rescue or the Teton Valley Community Animal Shelter. Condolences can be sent to the family at www.valleymortuarydriggs.com

Posted by Post Register on December 19, 2021.

Frosty the Snowman kicks off the holiday season at the Cariboo Memorial Recreation Complex – Williams Lake Tribune


It’s vacation season at the Cariboo Memorial Recreation Complex.

On December 10, School District 27, Strong Start and Ready, Set Learn hosted an event at the Cariboo Memorial Complex Twin Ice Arena.

The daytime event was supported by Pregnancy Outreach, Interior Health and Cariboo Chilcotin Partners for Literacy and promoted physical literacy by connecting families in the community through skating, crafts and stories. The event included Frosty the Snowman, who helped young skaters out on the ice.

During the holidays, Rink Two at the Cariboo Memorial Recreation Complex will be transformed into Cariboo Winterland.

From Sunday December 19 to Saturday January 2, all public skating including Family, Welcome Everyone and Parent and Tot on Ice will take place in a picturesque winter scene featuring many Christmas trees, Christmas lights and all your favorite holiday characters. -ups, decorations and more.

“We had overwhelmingly positive feedback over the past year and are delighted to bring back our second annual Cariboo Winterland which will be even bigger, brighter and better than the first,” said Kaitlyn Atkinson, Director of Recreation.

Kicking off the festivities on Sunday, December 19 will be a free welcome skating for everyone from 7:15 to 9 p.m., with free hot chocolate and coffee from Tim Hortons.

The family skates then run each day starting Monday, December 20 from 8:30 a.m. to 10 a.m., and again from noon to 2 p.m., until December 24. All welcome skates are also scheduled from 5:30 p.m. to 7 p.m. and from 7:15 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. all week.

Jolly Old Saint Nick will arrive from the North Pole on Wednesday, December 22 to join the residents on the ice from 4 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. for a parent and child ice skating with Santa, followed by a welcome skating for all with Santa Claus. 5:30 p.m. to 7 p.m.

The following week, from Monday, December 27 to Friday, December 31, the Family Skates take place from 8:30 a.m. to 10 a.m. and from 12 p.m. to 2 p.m., while the Welcome Skates for all take place from 5:30 p.m. to 7 p.m. p.m. and 7 p.m.: 3 p.m. to 9 p.m.

Wednesday, December 29 will also feature a parent and child ice skating from 4 p.m. to 5:30 p.m., as well as a pizza night for kids from 7:15 to 9 p.m. On the day of the fight, January 2, a welcome skate for everyone is scheduled to wrap up the Cariboo Winterland festivities from 1 p.m. to 2:30 p.m.

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Scientist explains how collapsing glacier could shrink coastlines globally


Copyright 2021 NPR. To learn more, visit https://www.npr.org.


Now here’s a question that takes concern for the future of the planet to its extreme, the kind of extreme Hollywood likes to imagine. What would you do if you knew the end of the world was approaching and only immediate decisive action could stop it from happening? This is the premise of the new movie “Don’t Look Up”. It stars Jennifer Lawrence and Leonardo DiCaprio as two astronomers trying to warn anyone who hears that a giant comet is going to destroy the planet, but that it will not potentially happen.


JENNIFER LAWRENCE: (as Kate Dibiasky) But it’s going to happen.

LEONARDO DICAPRIO: (Like Dr. Randall Mindy) Exactly, 99.78%, to be exact.

PFEIFFER: But nobody takes them seriously, not even the president, played by Meryl Streep.


MERYL STREEP: (As President Orléans) Let’s call it 70%, and move on.

LAWRENCE: (like Kate Dibiasky) But it’s not even close to 70%.

STREEP: (As President Orléans) You can’t tell people there’s a 100% chance they’ll die. You know, it’s just crazy.

PFEIFFER: “Don’t look Up” is a very different kind of disaster movie. It’s both a comedy and a not-so-subtle allegory about climate change. The film’s director and screenwriter, Adam McKay, is joining us to talk about it. Adam, welcome to the program.

ADAM MCKAY: Hi, Sacha. Thank you for hosting me.

PFEIFFER: Adam, you have a long and varied work. What made you want to write this particular film?

MCKAY: It really comes from, much like the characters Jen and Leo in the movie, their emotional state once they find out that a comet is heading straight for Earth, sort of reflects how I felt. in the past, you know, five, 10, to some degree 15 years on the climate crisis as I see it getting worse and faster. And it was once in a hundred years, then it was 80 years, then it was 50 years, and now we hear we might only be 10 years old. And it’s been quite an experience living in a society that continues to bombard as if all is well when the greatest threat to life and human history is before us. So it’s – it’s both horrible, and if you think about it, it’s kinda funny to …

PFEIFFER: I think that would surprise some people. What’s so funny about that?

MCKAY: It’s just very weird to live during the active collapse of the liveable atmosphere and turn on the TV and see an ad for Taco Bell’s new burrito full of little burritos. And then, by the way, I’m a part of that because I – my answer is like, oh, I kinda wanna try that. So it’s this weird sort of belligerent consciousness of literally, empirically, without exaggeration, the livable atmosphere is crumbling right now, and I really hope Ben Affleck and Jennifer Lopez are happy.


PFEIFFER: And your film does a great job of conveying the bizarre ability of society to wipe out what sure looks like impending disaster. You co-wrote the film with David Sirota, columnist and former speechwriter for Bernie Sanders. How did this partnership come about?

MCKAY: (Laughs) It’s definitely a weird coincidence. I was just – Sirota has been someone I’ve known for a while. I was talking to him about three years ago. We are both incredibly frustrated with the lack of coverage of the climate crisis. You know, it’s usually the fourth or the fifth story. It’s never the right tone, which should be much more urgent. And we were just frustrated. And I was trying to think of a way to tell the story. And Sirota just casually said, yeah, it’s like a giant comet is about to hit Earth, and nobody cares. And I just – immediately I was like, that’s it. This is the idea.

And what I liked is that it’s a great idea. As you said, this is not the most disguised analogy for the climate crisis, some Clark Kent-level disguise for the climate. And I like that the idea is big enough that a lot of people can fit into it. And then most of all, I love that it was – there was a little bit of humor. Because you think about it, I mean he’s kind of referring to disaster movies when he says it. And we’re so used to the beat. We’ve all seen hundreds of these movies, whether it’s Marvel movies or disaster movies or whatever, where the world is going to end. And it’s a very comfortable model for us. We know how it goes. And I thought disrupting that pattern could be really funny, and we could really feel it. This is generally how it works with ideas. It’s a little thing that gets stuck and won’t leave you alone.

PFEIFFER: At one point in the film, Leonardo DiCaprio’s character, who is an astronomer named Dr Randall Mindy, has a seizure as he appears as a guest on an MSNBC-like morning show whose hosts are played by Cate Blanchett and Tyler Perry. Here is a little taste of his loss.


DICAPRIO: (As Dr Randall Mindy) Look. I am like all of you. Hope to God, I hope to God that this president knows what she’s doing. I hope she will take care of all of us. But the truth is that I think this administration has completely lost its [expletive] to listen. And I think we’re all going to die.

PFEIFFER: Adam, with the theme of your movie, comments like this instantly became memes. They’ve been ridiculed online. So I read that DiCaprio helped you write that scene, and it involved a lot, a lot of rewriting and trying to strike the right balance between serious and funny. How did this process go?

MCKAY: It was really nice. He’s an incredibly rigorous and thoughtful actor. And he just has an amazing ability to look at a scene and a character from hundreds of different perspectives. And when he came in, I had a moment there in the script, and he really thought there was a chance to go a lot further, to go to a full speech. And we’ve had this back and forth about it, you know, you’ve got to be real careful. The speeches are – you know, I jokingly call them like drum solos, 70s rock drum solos. You don’t get to see traditional full speech so much in movies anymore.

But what happened with it was we rewrote it 15, 20 times. We worked on it. We did a bunch of takes. And there is an incredible public release when that happens. And what I realized was his instincts were correct that somehow we’re dying for someone to talk like that because our culture right now is stuck in this format, this kind of professional format that is really like a holdover from the middle. ’90s or you might even be discussing the late’ 70s. And that doesn’t fit our time. Like, our kind of professional stamp that we have, sort of just fine, it’s all in cycles, it just doesn’t correspond to reality at all. And people are dying for someone to sound like a human being. And the first time we screened it, that’s right – the crowd exploded. So yeah, it’s a big moment, and DiCaprio’s instinct was perfect.

PFEIFFER: Adam, besides getting a message on climate change, is there a call to action that you hope to inspire?

MCKAY: I think the most important thing – I mean, again, it’s just a movie, so there isn’t much that it can do. But I think the starting point for all of us is just to make the climate crisis the # 1 priority, take it with all the weight and gravity it deserves because I think there is a trend with so much information surrounding us in our culture for us to think that this is just one problem among many, and it is not. It is a shadow that hangs over all problems. As horrific and terrifying as this pandemic has been, it is a billion times the size. And it should be treated as such.

And the other thing that I hope is that we come back to real, empirical, peer-reviewed science. This is the greatest burden of proof humanity has. It is not an absolutely perfect system. There is no such thing as a perfect system. But it’s the best we have. And the other thing I might add is that it has worked really well for 500 years. And that’s what got us exactly where we are today, able to do this interview, able to hear this interview on our computer. Everything comes from empirical science.

So I would just say that the two big things to start with are to do – like, really get more information. Make it the problem, because it’s not 80 years from now. It’s not a hundred years from now. It’s happening right now, and it deserves this crackling urgency. Otherwise, it will get worse. And if not, there will be untold damage that we cannot even understand will happen if we do not act right in the moment. It’s so urgent.

PFEIFFER: It’s Adam McKay, Writer and Director of “Don’t Look Up,” which is in select theaters now and we’ll air on Netflix on December 24th. Adam, thank you.

MCKAY: Sacha, thank you. Pleasure. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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New Covid cases in Australia hit record high for day 3


Australia has so far recorded around 239,000 cases of COVID-19 and around 2,130 deaths. (To file)


Australia reported a record number of new COVID-19 cases for a third day on Saturday, with outbreaks on the rise in the two most populous states, but Prime Minister Scott Morrison has continued to downplay the risks as the country relaxes measures to combat the pandemic.

The state of New South Wales reported 2,482 new cases, the state of Victoria reported 1,504 new cases and the state of Queensland reported 31 new cases on Saturday, surpassing the previous record of 3,820 cases in Australia a day earlier.

Morrison reiterated on Saturday that the focus should be on hospitalizations and intensive care cases and ventilators rather than the actual number of cases as the country learns to live with the virus.

So far, he said the growing number of cases in NSW did not translate into pressure on hospitals, with just 26 people in intensive care.

“I wouldn’t agree that Australians are complacent about this. We take this incredibly seriously. It’s best to approach it with a calm head and a clear plan, ”Morrison said at a press conference in Hobart, the island state of Tasmania.

He said Australia is not in the same situation as the UK, Europe or North America, where cases are skyrocketing.

In the latest easing of pandemic restrictions, fully vaccinated international travelers arriving in Sydney and Melbourne will no longer need to self-isolate for 72 hours, the governments of New South Wales and Victoria said on Friday.

Incoming travelers will still need to have a PCR test within 24 hours of arrival, but will only need to self-isolate until they receive a negative test result.

“We know international travel has been a difficult time with new rules and the emergence of the Omicron variant, but this announcement aims to simplify the process and ensure that Australia’s two largest cities have a consistent approach.” New South Wales Premier Dominic Perrottet said. said in a statement.

Australia closed its borders shortly after the start of the pandemic in 2020, which reduced COVID-19 cases compared to other wealthy countries. The country has so far recorded around 239,000 cases and around 2,130 deaths.

(Except for the title, this story was not edited by NDTV staff and is posted from a syndicated feed.)

The £ 15 MILLION Vacation: Dinner with Famous Explorers, then a Private Jet to a Frozen Island …


The £ 15 MILLION vacation: Dinner with famous explorers, then a private jet to a frozen island … and an expedition to take the first steps in “undiscovered” territory

  • Adrenaline junkies who want to book this vacation will need to have their pockets full
  • Ultra-luxury travel agency Ariodante says it’s “the adventure of a lifetime”
  • There is only one seat available on this unique adventure worth £ 15.3million
  • They will also need polar survival training to cope with temperatures of -34 ° C.

From hiking the Inca Trail in Peru to racing the Great Wall of China, adventure vacations are all the rage.

Adrenaline junkies, however, will need really deep pockets for the latest extreme getaway – it costs £ 15.3million.

The other problem is that there is only one location available, and whoever gets it will need polar survival training to deal with temperatures of -34 ° C.

Organizers of the Arctic trip to Earth’s northernmost point insist it will be worth it, as the lucky vacationer will earn a place in the history books as the first person to set foot on an unknown land.

He or she could also “become a benefactor of humanity”, they say, due to the positive scientific impact the trip will have on understanding climate change, and could even end up starring in a television documentary because they will be accompanied by a crew film.

In a glossy brochure, Ariodante, an ultra-luxury London-based travel agency, touted it as “the adventure of a lifetime.”

Stock pic: North Greenland

Stock pic: North Greenland

Anyone who books the trip – which is not expected to take place until 2023 – will be accompanied by a team of 22 including scientists, a doctor, a chef who worked at Claridge’s in London and a film crew to ‘immortalize’ the achievement. .

On the first day, the holidaymaker will be driven with the driver to the Natural History Museum in London for a dinner with “famous explorers”.

They will then fly by private jet to Svalbard, an archipelago between Norway and the North Pole, then to Greenland, landing at Station Nord, a military and scientific base.

After a night in a specially constructed ice hotel, there will be a trip of at least seven days the aim of which is “to discover one or more islands in the north of Greenland”.

Along the way, the adventurer is promised views of the Northern Lights, glaciers, and wildlife like polar bears, puffins, walruses and whales.

They will reach Kaffeklubben which, according to the brochure, “is currently the northernmost point on Earth. And then we will reach an unknown land ”.

The brochure adds: “It takes courage (and a form of madness) to embark on such an extreme but rewarding adventure.

Stock pic: A Toyota Hilux operating in central Greenland

Stock pic: A Toyota Hilux operating in central Greenland

The Moon is arid and desolate, but moon caves could provide shelter from the harsh environment


The dream of building a permanent colony on the Moon: a place where humans from all walks of life can come together and give birth to a new culture and identity. A place where vital scientific research and experiments can be conducted, lunar industries created, and people can do a little ‘adventure tourism’. It has been the subject of science fiction and speculative literature for over a century. But in the years to come, it could very well become a reality.

This presents many challenges but also opportunities for creative solutions. For years, astronomers have speculated that the perfect location to create a lunar colony was underground, especially in pits, caves, and stable lava tubes visible and accessible from the lunar surface. According to new research from CU Boulder, preliminary results show that these pits are remarkably stable relative to surface conditions.

The research was led by graduate student Andrew Wilcoski of the Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences at UC Boulder, who presented the group’s initial findings at the fall 2021 meeting of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in New Orleans. This presentation, titled “Thermal Environments and the Volatile Trapping Potential of Lunar Pits and Caves”, proposes new 3D thermal models to characterize temperature environments in lunar pits and caves, with the ultimate goal of assessing the stability of the moon. a range of volatile species in these pits.

Thanks to missions such as NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), twin satellites Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) and JAXA’s SELenological and Engineering Explorer (SELENE) – aka. Orbiter “Kaguya” – scientists understand that the Moon has many pits and caves located on its surface. In many cases, these are stable lava tubes that formed when the Moon was still volcanically active billions of years ago.

In many cases, these tubes have collapsed into one or more sections (mainly due to impacts), creating holes from the surface inward (aka “skylights”). These sites are considered to have great potential for future research missions, as they would provide insight into volcanic history and the impact of the Moon. Mission planners from NASA, ESA, Roscosmos and the Chinese National Space Agency (CNSA) are also studying them as possible sites for future human exploration.

These pits and caves could provide resources for future human exploration, not least of which are volatile elements (like water ice). In the right abundance, this ice could be harvested and used to provide astronauts with clean water, showers, and even rocket fuel. Additionally, these pits could be ideal for providing shelter that would protect astronauts (and perhaps even settlers) from hostile surface conditions – i.e. extreme temperatures, micrometeorite bombardment, and radiation on the lunar surface.

“If we are hoping to send people to these caves in the decades to come, we want to know what to expect there,” Wilcoski said in a recent CU Boulder Today press release. To learn more about their suitability, Wilcoski and planetologist Paul Hayne – assistant professor in the Atmospheric and Space Physics Laboratory at CU Boulder and co-author of the research – conducted a series of computer simulations to recreate the conditions below. the surface of the Moon.

Their early findings indicate that lunar pits and caves provide stable temperature conditions that would help astronauts overcome some of the Moon’s most extreme phenomena. However, these same conditions would make them less than ideal for finding abundant supplies of water ice. In fact, most of the team’s simulated caves hosted temperatures of around -120 to 70 ° C (-184 to 94 ° F) throughout a lunar day.

Previous research by Hayne and other scientists has shown that hidden treasures of water ice may have accumulated in certain lunar “cold traps” for billions of years. But, based on these new simulations, many lunar pits and caves are probably too hot to house similar treasures. Ironically, this problem is similar to the situation on the lunar surface, where water ice cannot exist for long due to extreme temperature variations.

“As you approach the equator, temperatures can reach over 100 degrees Celsius during the day on the surface, and they will drop to 170 degrees Celsius below zero at night,” Wilcoski said.

Therefore, most mission planners are currently searching cratered polar regions for potential sites to build habitats. The crater floors in these permanently shaded areas act as “cold sinks” that maintain constant freezing temperatures – hence the reason why abundant water ice reserves have been observed there. Similarly, the key to finding pits and caves that may contain ice depends on geographic location and orientation.

While pits at low to mid latitudes are too hot to trap volatiles, pits at higher latitudes may have the right geometry and temperatures to keep water ice stable over time. In addition, the simulations showed that orientation also plays an important role. For example, if the mouth of a cave pointed directly at the rising sun, it would experience scorching temperatures throughout the day, then plunge into freezing depressions at night (compared to others that remained freezing).

Another plus point to all of this, according to Hayne, is that no one knows how many pits and caves could be on the lunar surface. According to research based on LRO data (Wagner and Robinson, 2014), there could be more than 200 ranging from 5 meters (~ 5 yards) to 900 meters (~ 984 yards) in diameter. Ultimately, this latest research highlights the need to know the thermal environments in lunar pits and presents exciting possibilities for possible lunar habitats.

“These are great options for establishing a long-term human presence on the moon. One interesting possibility would be to establish a protected base station inside a pit or moon cave near one of the polar craters containing water ice. Astronauts could then venture out when the conditions were right to collect ice-rich soil. “

As they indicated in their presentation, the next iteration of their thermal simulations will include a “coupled Monte Carlo ballistic jump” statistical model that will assess the vapor pressure for how long water can stay in these pits. The ballistic model will allow scientists to measure the role that pit geometry and latitude play in trapping different types of volatile elements and predict the concentrated volatile compositions that may exist in lunar pits.

Habitats clustered on the edge of a lunar crate, known as the lunar village. Credit: ESA

In the coming years, several space agencies plan to build moon bases in the South Pole-Aitken basin, with possible base sites including Shackleton and Shoemaker craters. These bases would be able to harvest ice from the bottom of the crater to meet their water needs and ensure their power supply by positioning solar panels around the edge of the crater (with the option for nuclear reactors and fuel cells as well) . But who said that all the bases will be established in these environments?

Others may still reside in the polar regions but be located underground in stable lava tubes with large caches of water ice. Who knows? If and when real estate becomes more in demand, settlers and commercial interests may find that there is little room left for surface habitats, and they will have to build habitats in pits and caves around the poles. There is even the possibility of establishing settlements in lava tubes large enough to house entire cities.

We’re going back to the moon, okay. But this time, we plan to stay – possibly indefinitely!

Further reading: CU Rock, AGU

Governor Gianforte pays tribute to a student at Glacier high school


KALISPELL – One Glacier High School is a contribution far beyond the football field.

Elder Noah Jensen created the Cleats for Kids program, which gives crampons to kids across Flathead Valley.

Noah was recognized for his impact on the community with Governor Greg Gianforte’s The Spirit Of Montana Award.

“I think it’s the people of Montana who make this place so great, and we love finding people who do great things that make it such a great place,” said Gianforte. “And Noah is one of those people.”

Growing up as an athlete, Noah realized the cost that came with it, and that’s when he knew he wanted to make a difference.

“I saw that a need in Flathead Valley was taking its toll on a lot of people. And it’s not something that is distributed when the equipment is provided, especially in younger sports, ”Noah said.

He cannot thank enough the people who helped bring this idea to life.

“It came from inspiration from my parents and of course from Grady Bennett. They’ve all been there for me,” Noah said.

“We created this Spirit of Montana award to really showcase people like Noah who have decided to help people around and that is really the spirit of Montana. I was really happy to pay tribute to him today, ”said Gianforte.

Help make your vacation enjoyable with a secondary loan


Help make your vacation enjoyable with a secondary loan

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Take advantage of an RBFCU vacation loan at just 6.0% in April for up to $ 5,000. Who have a good twelve day expense tag, it generates your own vibrant vacation!

Funds subject to borrowing with the approval of the bank. The specific price may well depend on your credit score and additional factors. Rates and conditions are at the mercy of transforming without warning. Percentage analogy: twelve equal payments of $ for advantageous financing of $ 1,000 at the April rate of 6.0%. Certain limitations may apply. For more details, contact our own Consumer Lending Cardio. Bring valid due to.

New detector will fly over Antarctic ice to find energetic particles from space


Sometimes a question is so big that it takes a continent to answer it.

University of Chicago physicist Abby Vieregg is leading an international experiment that essentially uses Antarctic ice as a giant detector to find extremely energetic particles from space. Recently approved by NASA, the $ 20 million project will build an instrument to fly over Antarctica in a balloon, launched in December 2024.

“We are looking for the most energetic neutrinos in the universe,” said Vieregg, associate professor in the physics department. “They’re made in the most energetic and extreme places in the cosmos, and these neutrinos offer unique insight into those places. Finding one or more of them could allow us to learn completely new things about the universe.

The international collaboration of 12 institutions will build a radio detector attached to a high-altitude balloon, which will be launched by NASA and travel over Antarctica at 120,000 feet, in search of neutrino signals. The revolutionary project is called PUEO, short for Payload for Ultrahigh Energy Observations. (It shares its name with the only living owl native to Hawaii, where the previous PUEO experience originated.)

‘A beautiful way to look at the universe’

Neutrinos are often called “ghost” particles because they very rarely interact with matter. Billions pass harmlessly through your body every second.

Because they can travel enormous distances without being distorted or deflected, neutrinos can serve as unique clues to what is happening elsewhere in the universe, including cosmic collisions, galaxies, and black holes where they are. created.

“Neutrinos are a great way to look at the universe because they travel unhindered in space,” Vieregg said. “They can come a long way, and they’re not scrambled along the way, so they indicate where they’re coming from.”

Scientists have detected a few neutrinos from outer space entering Earth’s atmosphere. But they believe there are even more neutrinos that carry extraordinarily high energies – several orders of magnitude higher than even particles accelerated at the Large Hadron Collider in Europe – and have never yet been detected. These neutrinos could tell us about the most extreme events in the universe.

That is to say if you can catch them.

These neutrinos interact so rarely with other forms of matter that Vieregg would have to build a huge detector the size of a country to catch them. Or she can use one that already exists: the ice sheet atop Antarctica.

“The ice cap is perfect – a homogeneous, dense, radiolucent block that spans millions of square kilometers,” Vieregg said. “It’s almost like we designed it. “

If one of these highly energetic neutrinos passes through Earth, it is possible that it collides with one of the atoms inside the Antarctic ice sheet. This collision produces radio waves which pass through the ice. This radio signal is what PUEO would detect when it hovers over Antarctica.

To do this, he needs very, very special equipment.

The next generation

PUEO is the next generation of a mission called ANITA, based at the University of Hawaii, which flew over Antarctica aboard NASA balloons four times between 2006 and 2016 to search for similar neutrinos. PUEO, however, will have a much more powerful detector.

The new detector harnesses the power of an old trick of astronomy, a technique called interferometry, which combines signals from multiple telescopes. PUEO is dotted with radio antennas, and a central data acquisition system will merge and analyze these signals to create a stronger signal.

The ice shelf holding back the Antarctic glacier that could raise sea level by 10 feet may soon fail


ANN ARBOR – An alarming collapse has started at the foot of Antarctica’s vulnerable Thwaites Glacier, whose meltwater is already responsible for about 4 percent of the world’s sea level rise. A Florida-sized ice cap, Thwaites ends its slide into the ocean as a floating rim of ice 28 miles wide. But now this ice shelf, torn apart by newly detected cracks on its surface and below, is likely to shatter within the next 5 years or so, scientists reported today at a meeting of the American Geophysical Union.

The most dramatic sign of impending failure is a set of diagonal fractures that cover almost the entire board. Last month, satellites spotted accelerated movement of ice along the fractures, says Erin Pettit, a glaciologist at Oregon State University, Corvallis, who is part of a multi-year expedition studying the glacier. The shelf is like a windshield with a series of slowly opening cracks, she says. “You’re like, I should have a new windshield. And one day, bang, there’s a million more cracks out there.

Once the ice shelf breaks, large sections of the glacier now held by it are likely to accelerate, says Ted Scambos, a glaciologist at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and leader of the Thwaites Expedition. In a worst-case scenario, this part of Thwaites could triple in speed, increasing the glacier’s contribution to global sea level in the near term to 5%, Pettit says.

Even more worrying is the process that weakened the pack ice: incursions of warm ocean water below the platform, which the scientists on the expedition detected with a robotic submersible. Because Thwaites sits below sea level on ground that moves away from the coast, warm water is likely to melt inland, under the glacier itself, freeing its belly from bedrock. . A collapse of the entire glacier, which some researchers say is only centuries away, would raise global sea level by 65 centimeters. And because Thwaites occupies a deep basin into which neighboring glaciers would flow, its demise could eventually lead to the loss of the entire West Antarctic ice sheet, which blocks 3.3 meters of global sea level rise. “That would be a global change,” says Robert DeConto, a glaciologist at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. “Our coasts will be different from space.”

To find out more, click on Science

Mortgage Rates Today Are Going Down | December 15, 2021


Iinterest rates are lower today. The average rate for a 30-year fixed-rate purchase loan has fallen to 3.607% while the rate for a 30-year refinance has fallen to 3.797%. While most types of loans have seen their rates drop, the rate on a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage has increased to 2.604% for purchase loans and 2.719% for refinances.

Borrowers with good to excellent credit should be eligible for an attractive rate and monthly mortgage payments refinance or one new mortgage.

  • The last rate on a 30 year fixed rate mortgage is 3.607%. ??
  • The last rate on a 15 year fixed rate mortgage is 2.604%. ??
  • The latest rate on a 5/1 ARM is 2.183%. ??
  • The latest rate on a 7/1 ARM is 3.342%. ??
  • The latest rate on a 10/1 ARM is 3.4%. ??

Money is everyday mortgage the rates reflect what a borrower with a 20% down payment and a credit score of 700 – roughly the national average – could pay if they applied for a home loan now. Daily rates are based on the average rate of 8,000 lenders offered to applicants on the previous business day. Freddie Mac Weekly Rates will generally be lower, since they measure the rates offered to borrowers with higher credit scores.

30-year fixed rate mortgage rates today

  • The 30-year rate is 3.607%.
  • It’s a day offold 0.019 percentage points.
  • It’s a month infold by 0.046 percentage point.

The long repayment period makes the 30-year fixed rate mortgage the most popular mortgage option among borrowers. The monthly payments will be lower and more affordable than those of a short-term loan. The stable interest rate and constant monthly loan payments are also popular features. The potential downside is that the interest rate is usually higher than that of a shorter term mortgage, so you will pay more for the loan over time.

15 years fixed rate mortgage rates today

  • The 15-year rate is 2.604%.
  • It’s a day infold 0.013 percentage points.
  • It’s a month offold by 0.026 percentage points.

A 15-year mortgage will pay off faster and typically has a lower interest rate than a similar 30-year loan, making it the cheapest option over the life of the loan. The downside is that the monthly payments will be higher, which may not be a practical option for some borrowers.

Variable rate mortgage rates today

  • The latest rate on a 5/1 ARM is 2.183%. ??
  • The latest rate on a 7/1 ARM is 3.342%. ??
  • The latest rate on a 10/1 ARM is 3.4%. ??

Variable rate mortgages are an option for buyers who do not plan to keep the home for the duration of the loan. The interest rate on ARMs will start low and be fixed for a number of years before starting to adjust to market conditions, resetting periodically. The rate on an ARM 5/1, for example, will be fixed for five years and then reset annually. The potential downside is that once the rate starts to reset, there can be a big jump.

Current mortgage rates: VA, FHA and jumbo loan rates

The average rates for FHA, VA and jumbo loans are:

  • The rate on a 30-year FHA mortgage is 3.366%. ??
  • The rate for a 30-year VA mortgage is 3.447%. ??
  • The rate for a 30-year jumbo mortgage is 3.574%. ??

Current mortgage refinancing rates

The average refinancing rates for 30-year loans, 15-year loans and ARMs are:

  • The refinance rate on a 30 year fixed rate refinance is 3.797%. ??
  • The refinance rate on a 15 year fixed rate refinance is 2.719%. ??
  • The refinancing rate on an ARM 5/1 is 2.46%. ??
  • The refinancing rate on an ARM 7/1 is 3.197%. ??
  • The refinancing rate on an ARM 10/1 is 3.918%. ??

Where Are Mortgage Rates Going This Year?

Mortgage rates fell through 2020. Millions of homeowners responded to low mortgage rates by refinancing existing loans and taking out new ones. Many people have bought homes that they might not have been able to afford if the rates were higher.

In January 2021, rates briefly fell to all-time low levels, but tended to increase throughout the month and into February.

Look ahead, experts believe that interest rates will rise further in 2022, but modestly. Factors that could affect rates include continued economic improvement and more labor market gains. The Federal Reserve has also started to cut back on mortgage-backed securities purchases and plans to raise the federal funds rate sometime in 2022 to fight rising inflation.

While mortgage rates are likely to rise, experts say the increase won’t happen overnight, and it won’t be a dramatic jump. Rates are expected to stay near their historically low levels throughout the first half of the year, rising slightly later in the year. Even with rates rising, this will still be a good time to finance a new home or refinance a mortgage.

Factors that influence mortgage rates include:

  • The Federal Reserve. The Fed took swift action when the pandemic hit the United States in March 2020. The Fed announced plans to move money through the economy by lowering the Federal Fund’s short-term interest rate between 0% and 0.25%, which is as low as they go. The central bank has also pledged to buy mortgage-backed securities and treasury bills, supporting the housing finance market, but started curtailing those purchases in November.
  • The 10-year Treasury note. Mortgage rates move at the same pace as the yields on 10-year government treasury bills. Yields fell below 1% for the first time in March 2020 and have risen since then. On average, there is typically a 1.8 point “spread” between Treasury yields and benchmark mortgage rates.
  • The economy in the broad sense. Unemployment rates and changes in gross domestic product are important indicators of the overall health of the economy. When employment and GDP growth are low, it means the economy is weak, which can lower interest rates. Thanks to the pandemic, unemployment levels reached record levels early last year and have yet to recover. GDP has also been affected, and although it has rebounded somewhat, there is still a lot of room for improvement.

Tips for getting the lowest mortgage rate possible

There is no universal mortgage rate that all borrowers receive. Qualifying for the lowest mortgage rates takes a bit of work and will depend on both personal financial factors and market conditions.

Check your credit score and your credit report. Mistakes or other red flags can lower your credit score. The borrowers with the highest credit scores will get the best rates, so it’s essential to check your credit report before you begin the home search process. Taking action to correct mistakes will help increase your score. If you have high credit card balances, paying them off can also give you a quick boost.

Save money for a large down payment. This will lower your loan-to-value ratio, which means how much of the home’s price the lender has to finance. A lower LTV usually results in a lower mortgage rate. Lenders also like to see money that has been saved in an account for at least 60 days. It tells the lender that you have the money to finance the purchase of the house.

Shop around for the best rate. Don’t settle for the first interest rate a lender offers you. Check with at least three different lenders to see who is offering the lowest interest rate. Also consider the different types of lenders, such as credit unions and online lenders, in addition to traditional banks.

As well. take the time to learn about the different types of loans. While the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is the most common type of mortgage, consider a shorter-term loan such as a 15-year loan or an adjustable rate mortgage. These types of loans often have a lower rate than a conventional 30-year mortgage. Compare the costs of everyone to see which one best suits your needs and your financial situation. Government loans – such as those backed by the Federal Housing Authority, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Department of Agriculture – may be more affordable options for those who qualify.

Finally, lock in your rate. Locking in your rate once you find the right rate, the right loan product, and the lender will help ensure that your mortgage rate does not increase until the loan closes.

Our mortgage rate methodology

Money’s Daily Mortgage Rates show the average rate offered by over 8,000 lenders in the United States for which the most recent rates are available. Today we’re posting the rates for Tuesday, December 14, 2021. Our rates reflect what a typical borrower with a credit score of 700 can expect to pay on a home loan right now. These rates were offered to people with a 20% deposit and include discount points.

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MDA and ICEYE sign agreement to integrate X-band SAR satellite into MDA’s CHORUS ™ constellation


After Thorough Analysis, MDA Selects the Best of New Space
X-band providers to combine with its leading C-band radar capability

PARIS, December 15, 2021 / CNW / – MDA Ltd. (TSX: MDA) and ICEYE announced today at World Satellite Business Week that they have entered into an agreement for ICEYE to provide X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for CHORUS, the next generation Earth observation trade mission. A multi-sensor collaborative constellation, CHORUS brings together diverse and unique images and data sources, changing how and when we see the world by providing a new level of real-time information and innovative Earth observation services.

MDA logo (CNW Group / MDA Inc.)

Building on the legendary RADARSAT program, CHORUS will feature C-band and X-band SAR satellites operating in a single medium-tilt orbit with day or night imagery in all weather conditions. A vital part of the CHORUS constellation, the X-band spacecraft will fly in the same mid-tilt orbit with the same ground track as the C-band SAR satellite built by MDA.

This revolutionary approach will provide the most extensive radar imaging capability available on the market, with higher imaging performance, higher frequency imaging, variable imaging times, more orbit imaging time, fast jobs, faster delivery times, and near real-time data (NRT). exploitation assisted by machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Adding a high-resolution X-band SAR satellite to a powerful C-band SAR satellite will also unlock new use cases, including failover and tracking techniques that allow MDA’s main wide-area sensor to monitor an area of ​​interest (the “tip”) and to zoom in on objects of interest (the “marker”) using the rear high resolution sensor.

By combining the capabilities of the C and X bands, CHORUS will significantly improve existing services and enable new applications not possible with existing SAR satellites. Features include:

  • Designed with an emphasis on maritime surveillance applications, CHORUS will have dedicated vessel detection imaging modes with imaging capability to collect an area equal to 40% of the world’s exclusive economic zones (EEZs) – or more of 55 million square kilometers – every day using the 25m Vessel detection mode.

  • CHORUS will enable a new level of precision in all-weather satellite monitoring of icebergs in the North Atlantic. This is currently achieved by observations of manned aircraft supplemented by Earth observation satellite images.

  • The mission will enable switch and locate operations between extended surveillance and high resolution point target surveillance. This unique capability is particularly useful, when merged with space-based Automatic Identification System (AIS) data, for use cases such as detecting vessels over a large area and classifying vessels to take into account. load dark ship detection activities.

  • The X-band satellite will operate in a leak orbit, which will improve the correlation of images, allowing more efficient fusion, measurement, exploitation and characterization of events or objects.

The companies also announced that they have signed a separate distribution agreement that will allow MDA to sell existing and future X-band ICEYE data to select RADARSAT-2 customers as well as develop value-added products to leverage immediately started with the advanced integration of information data. and analyzes of these two types of SAR sensors.

MDA owns and operates RADARSAT-2, one of the world’s most successful large-area commercial imaging satellites. With more than 20 imaging modes and customers in over 45 countries, RADARSAT-2 provides operationally reliable products and services supporting a number of use cases including marine surveillance, surveillance ice, disaster management, environmental monitoring, resource management and mapping.

ICEYE operates the world’s largest commercial constellation of SAR satellites and has launched 14 spacecraft to date. The company plans to further expand its constellation with at least four additional satellites by mid-2022, with the goal of achieving an average access time of three hours anywhere in the world.


“We are delighted to be working with ICEYE to add the X-band satellite to our revolutionary constellation CHORUS. We now have two cutting-edge technologies that work together in harmony to bring new ones The agreement to distribute ICEYE data to our RADARSAT-2 customers now allows immediate action on expanding our service roadmap. information.
Mike Greenley, CEO, MDA

“With these pivotal agreements, we recognize an excellent opportunity to showcase the best of ICEYE’s capabilities and expertise with MDA. ICEYE will ensure that the latest technology and high performance X-band SAR satellite data is seamlessly integrated and still available as part of MDA Constellation CHORUS We are very proud to strengthen our relationship with MDA and look forward to providing them with the best SAR capability for many years to come.
– Rafal Modrzewski – Chairman and CEO and co-founder, ICEYE


https://mda.space/en/article/mda-announces-chorus-name-of-its-commercial-earth-observation-mission https://mda.space/en/article/mda-announces-radarsat-2-continuity-mission


Twitter: www.twitter.com/MDA_space
Facebook: www.facebook.com/MDAspace
LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/mdaspace
Youtube: www.youtube.com/c/mdaspace
Instagram: www.instagram.com/MDA_space

Twitter: www.twitter.com/iceyefi
Facebook: www.facebook.com/iceye
LinkedIn: www.linked.com/company/iceye
YouTube: www.youtube.com/c/ICEYEcom


Serving the world from its Canadian headquarters and global offices, MDA (TSX: MDA) is an international partner in space missions and a pioneer in robotics, satellite systems and geointelligence with a 50-year history of firsts on and above the Earth. With more than 2,200 employees across Canada, US and UK, MDA is leading the charge towards viable lunar colonies, enhanced Earth observation, communication in a hyper-connected world, and more. With a track record of realizing space ambitions, MDA empowers highly skilled people to continually push boundaries, take on great challenges, and imagine solutions that inspire and endure to change the world for the better, on land and in the world. the stars.


ICEYE offers unparalleled persistent monitoring capabilities for any location on earth. With the world’s largest constellation of synthetic aperture radars, the company enables its customers to make objective, data-driven decisions in areas such as insurance, disaster response and recovery, security, maritime surveillance and finance. ICEYE data can be collected day or night, and even through cloud cover. For more information, please visit www.ICEYE.com.




View original content to download multimedia: http://www.newswire.ca/en/releases/archive/December2021/15/c7600.html

Last minute shopping, TV shows, tree and sweater ideas with only TEN DAYS to go


Sassy teenager writes VERY demanding letter to Santa

WHEN you have a child who writes their letter to Santa, you expect a sweet, kind and polite letter.

For this girl, she took matters into her own hands and DEMANDS things from Santa, claiming that she had locked up one of her elves.

Luna, 13, asked her older sister Ale to share her letter on Twitter where she got almost 154,000 likes and a lot of comments.

The family from California, United States, clarified that for reasons of tradition, they ask Luna to write a letter every year, she is NOT a kid on iPad and she already knows that Santa Claus does. isn’t real, but: “She’s having fun and is the child that she is.”

In her letter, Luna wrote: “Dear Santa, what I want for Christmas is a PS5 and games for it. I also want a Barnes and Nobles gift card because I’m smart like that en (for real). games should be Final Fantasy 7. I also want Legos and clothes. “

The letter then took a very sinister turn as she wrote: “I have one of your elves held up in my basement. If you want this mate free, you better bring me my things (on God). .

“An ipad or a mac looks good to me. PS Don’t try to send your little foo, I’m keeping this place tied.”

She then had a drawing of the “locked elf” as well as a cat and herself holding a gun.

Luna, 13, asked her older sister Ale to share her letter on Twitter where she got almost 154,000 likes and a lot of comments.

The family from California, United States, clarified that for reasons of tradition, they ask Luna to write a letter every year, she is NOT a kid on iPad and she already knows that Santa Claus does. isn’t real, but: “She’s having fun and is the child that she is.”

In her letter, Luna wrote: “Dear Santa, what I want for Christmas is a PS5 and games for it.


“I also want a Barnes and Nobles gift card because I’m smart like that en (for real).

“By the way, one of the games would have to be Final Fantasy 7.

“I also want Legos and clothes.”

The letter then took a very sinister turn as it wrote, “I have held one of your elves in my basement.

The Last Airbender’s Best Christmas Episodes For The Holidays


Avatar fans can be suckers for a good holiday episode as much as anyone, and some episodes are perfect for December viewing.

Although Avatar: The Last Airbender takes place in a fantasy world with completely different traditions from ours, that’s not to say it’s totally out of place for viewing while on vacation. As fans bundle up and hunt for a familiar viewing to get them in the vacation mood for a comfortable night’s sleep, some episodes simply ask for pairing with hot chocolate.

It might be easier to think of the spooky episodes meant for Halloween, but it’s just as appropriate to dig into episodes to watch them in the winter. Just which ones should Avatar fans looking to merge their favorite franchise with a well-deserved Christmas vacation?

RELATED: Which Villain Is Korra’s Biggest Opponent?

To capture the winter spirit, there’s no better place to start Avatar that the very beginning. “The Boy in the Iceberg” and “The Avatar Returns” are the first two episodes in the series, and their setting in the South Water Tribe of the South Pole gives them the perfect freezing climate to match. the outside air of December. From the introductory scene in which Katara explores her nascent waterbending abilities as Sokka tries to catch a fish, Avatar fans will find themselves revisiting a familiar world that might be right outside their frosted windows.

This frigid climate does not last long in the series, however, as Aang and his friends quickly find themselves on their way to the North Pole, where the Earth Kingdom ahead of them rapidly increases the heat as Prince Zuko and Uncle Iroh track down. the trio. on behalf of the Fire Nation. Fans familiar with the series can skip right after this hunt and go straight to the Northern Water Tribe first seen in “The Waterbending Master”. With the northern town far better protected, a veritable fortress of ice and snow, the two-part season finale following “The Waterbending Master” is as appropriate for December as the series opener.

After hitting the bookends from the first season, there isn’t much snow or winter to see for the rest of the season, but that doesn’t mean that the episodes of the following two seasons are lacking in what concerns the spirit of the holidays. Many Christmas classics don’t even really talk about Christmas, but rather about family and togetherness.

RELATED: Avatar: Zuko’s Ugliest Hairstyles And Haircuts Were His Most Important Also

In Volume 2’s “Zuko Alone” and “The Tales of Ba Sing Se”, the importance of finding a family is revealed in a heartwarming way, suitable for any holiday viewing. In the first case, Zuko tries to cross the Earth Kingdom on his own when an unhappy family in need reminds him of what’s really important. By skipping straight to “Tales of Ba Sing Se,” viewers can experience not only Zuko’s restoration of family life alongside Iroh to Ba Sing Se, but also the heartbreaking loss of Iroh as he mourns his fallen son.

The show’s third season turns the heat even higher, and the tropical climates of the Fire Nation where Gaang is hiding may not seem appropriate for such thematic viewing. However, just like “Elf” or “Frosty the Snow Man”, AvatarThe second episode of its third season, “The Headband,” features a playful spirit that lights up the lives of those around him whom he teaches an important lesson.

In AvatarIn Aang’s case, Aang is the magical spoonful of fun, and although the Fire Nation school he goes undercover in may not seem like the setting for a winter tale, officials of the The cranky school whose kids he saves are just as much like the Grinch as viewers might want them to be. If the tropical setting is really a deciding factor, then Avatar fans may get lucky. After all, the series has the sequel The legend of Korra with many more frosty settings of its own.

RELATED: Avatar: The Worst Book 1 Episodes That Shouldn’t Make Netflix Live Action

by Korra “Book Two: Spirits” takes place primarily at the Southern Water Tribe which provided such a festive setting for the original series. Its highlights include “Rebel Spirit” and “The Southern Lights”, offering not only plenty of parkas, but also the festive celebration of an event that brings Korra’s family together like any party should.

For viewers who find themselves in the middle of Avatar Frenzy at this point, they can get through the remainder of the second season, where the snowy climate provides the backdrop for most of the season’s events. The two-part “Beginnings” stand out from the rest of the season by showing a flashback mostly outside the frosty frame, so skip it if necessary. However, all Avatar fans enjoying their free time might find themselves doing a full replay. After all, what better gift could they ask for?

KEEP READING: Avatar: The Worst Book 3 Episodes That Shouldn’t Make Netflix Live Action

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5 anime and manga couples who honestly shouldn’t be together

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Discourse and debate on glaciers win ‘savage’ victory


In a victory described by Glacier High School head coach Greg Adkins as one of the craziest finishes in a speech and debate tournament, the Wolfpack squeaked by Flathead High School by a half -point this weekend.

Glacier scored 141 points overall versus 140.5 points for Flathead in the two-day tournament in Great Falls. All 16 Montana Class AA teams competed.

“I told the team to never take winning AA tournaments for granted. It was just wild. We’re very lucky to have taken the lead this weekend, ”said Adkins.

The shocking upheaval didn’t end there, said Flathead head coach Shannon O’Donnell, Billings West beating Bozeman with his dominant debate performance to secure third place. Billings West scored 140 points overall and Bozeman, 131.

“As the state tournament draws closer and Team Flathead continues to close the gap between the top teams, it’s clear this year’s season will have an exciting ending. It’s anyone’s game this time around, ”said Flathead head coach Shannon O’Donnell.

Glacier, who remains undefeated, had five individual champions – Mac Adkins in Original Oratory; Lane McKoy in the informative speech; Alexa Wilton in the oral interpretation program; and Alexandra Houseworth and Mason Fauth in the university policy debate.

The four individual Flathead Champions included Bauer Hollman in the humorous interpretation; Annelise Mason in the legislative debate; Brooklyn Stewart in the memorized public speech; and Scout McMahon in Extemporaneous Speaking.

During the next tournaments, Glacier will host the first “Yeti Invitational” from January 7 to 8. The school is looking for volunteer judges. Those interested in judging can register at https://www.kalispellspeechdebate.org.

Here are the individual results of the Great Falls tournament.

University policy debate

  1. Mason Fauth and Alexandra Houseworth, Glacier
  2. Evan Sevaly and Jillian Wynne, Flathead

Novices’ political debate

  1. Ben Adjemovic and Vincent Lam, Flat Head

Lincoln-Douglas academic debate

  1. Miles Sneeden, Glacier

Lincoln-Douglas Novice Debate

  1. Gaby Allred, Glacier
  2. Kevin Fortin, Ice Cream Shop

Legislative debate

  1. Annelise Mason, Flat Head
  2. Emily Hove, Flat Head
  3. Calvin Schmidt, Ice Cream Shop

Impromptu speaking

  1. Scout McMahon, flathead
  2. Olivia Baker, Ice Cream Shop
  3. Neila Lyngholm, Flat Head
  4. Leah Spangler, flat head
  5. Harrison Sanders, Ice Cream Shop

Improvised speaking

  1. Scout McMahon, flathead
  2. Leah Spangler, flat head
  3. Lamb Caleb, Glacier

Oral Interpretation Program

  1. Alexa Wilton, Glacier
  2. Zéphy Hanson, Glacier

Duo interpretation

  1. Avram Bingham and Kaelin Holt, Glacier
  2. James Francis and Kadence Johnson, Flat Head
  3. Evan Schow and Tag Schow, flat head
  4. Aiden Christy and Sophia Dykhuizen, Flat Head
  5. Quindy Gronley and Claire Schwaller, Glacier

Humorous interpretation

  1. Bauer Hollman, Flat Head
  2. Jasmine Anderson, flathead
  3. Meyer Fauth, Glacier
  4. Davis Rennie, Glacier
  5. Aiden Christy, flat head

Dramatic interpretation

  1. Ryan Tiet, flat head
  2. Bethany Nairn, Flat Head

Original oratory

  1. Mac Adkins, Ice Cream Shop
  2. Bella AuClaire, Glacier
  3. Braelynn Anderson, Flat Head

Talk informative

  1. Lane McKoy, Glacier
  2. Hailey Hendrickson, Flat Head
  3. Mason Hermann, flat head

Stored public address

  1. Brooklyn Stewart, Flat Head
  2. Avram Bingham, Glacier
  3. Janasya Amaker, Glacier
  4. Alexa Wilton, Glacier

Journalist Hilary Matheson can be reached at 758-4431 or by email at [email protected]

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Was the Kentucky tornado outbreak rooted in climate change? – People’s world


Post-tornado devastation | PA

WASHINGTON — Is there a link between global warming and the devastating tornadoes that killed dozens of people and razed at least an entire city in Kentucky, as well as an Amazon warehouse in northern Illinois , December 10 and 11?

The scientists’ response, going back to 2019, if not before: yes, but it is indirect.

The reason for the uncertainty, climatologists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Stanford University and the University of Northern Illinois, told the Washington Post, the Pacific Standard and other media is that while global warming certainly causes more severe weather conditions and more frequent high-speed storms, it cannot be linked to specific tornadoes, such as those that cut hundreds of kilometers. across five states.

“It looks like a war zone over there,” Gov. Andy Beshear of the hardest hit state, Kentucky, told President Joe Biden by phone.

“More unpredictable weather conditions can be expected across the country as rising temperatures result in unusual and unprecedented weather conditions,” AP and CNN reported. The links are specific to heat waves and droughts, not tornadoes yet.

This is because atmospheric conditions, including higher temperatures, higher humidity, and changes in wind, produce the possibility of more tornadoes, but not the certainty. But research has not advanced enough to link specific storms to global warming, scientists have warned.

Biden agrees. He made that connection when answering a reporter’s question after he announced a declaration of disaster for Kentucky. “All I know is that the intensity of the weather in all areas is having some impact due to global warming and climate change,” the president said.

“The specific impact on these specific storms, I can’t say at this point. I’m going to ask the EPA and others to look at this. But the point is, we all know everything gets more intense when the climate gets warmer, everything. And, obviously, it has some impact here, but I can’t give you a quantitative reading about it, ”he said on December 11.

“We’ve been observing temperature objectively for a long time with arrays of thermometers and weather balloons, then satellites,” said Stanford Earth System Science professor Noah Diffenbaugh. The Pacific Standard 2019 news and science website. “Tornadoes are more difficult to observe from a distance. “

What may be linked, scientists add, is the rise in Earth’s temperature due to global warming to a long list of disasters, from melting icebergs in the Arctic to rising sea levels. Flooding Miami Beach as the tundra thaws in Alaska as raging wildfires swept through drought-stricken California, Arizona and other parts of the western United States in recent years.

This includes more tornadoes outside of the traditional Midwestern “Tornado Alley”. In 2018, for example, Connecticut led the country in terms of reported tornadoes, with nine.

Last weekend’s tornadoes swept through northeastern Arkansas, southeastern Missouri, northwestern Tennessee, southern Illinois and western Kentucky, throwing debris into the sky for more than three consecutive hours, newspapers and news services reported.

And in these local areas, the media added, temperatures, before the tornadoes, reached the 1970s.

News services reported that at times the wreckage reached an altitude of 30,000 feet. The death toll could reach 64, and it would have been worse if authorities in the most devastated town, Mayfield, Ky. Eight others are missing.

The Mayfield tornado tore the roofs of houses and some houses from their foundations. The Kentucky lieutenant governor said search and rescue teams would go house to house looking for survivors, except sometimes all they found were foundations.

Another death toll, six, occurred in Edwardsville, Illinois. The tornado destroyed an Amazon warehouse there. the Edwardsville Intelligence reported that local officials and residents were angered by the late reaction of Amazon founder Jeff Bezos, one of the country’s two richest people, to the tragedy.

Bezos, according to the newspaper, spent his time on social media on December 11 discussing the latest space mission sponsored by his company. It was not until late in the day that he offered “thoughts and prayers” for the victims of the tornado and their families. He said Amazon will support victims and survivors, but did not specify how.

In this 2019 article, scientists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Northern Illinois University told Kate Wheeling the Pacific Standard about an earlier study, using data from 1979 to 2018, which showed that the number of tornadoes has remained relatively constant over time, but that “Tornado Alley” has moved east.

There were fewer tornadoes in Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, and Kansas, and more in Illinois, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Kentucky.

But the real impact of tornadoes was not in the number or frequency of storms, but in the damage they cause, simply because “we have more targets” for tornadoes to hit than in previous years, said Victor Gensini, climatologist at Northern Illinois University. study author then said.


Marc Gruenberg

Five Ways Reindeer Are Perfectly Evolved To Pull Santa’s Sleigh


Nottingham: We all know that Santa Claus would have a hard time delivering gifts to everyone in the world without the help of his magical reindeer. But why were they chosen to pull the sled rather than any other animal? It turns out that the biology of reindeer makes them ideal for the job. Here are five reasons why.

Heat: Reindeer live in the Arctic, where temperatures on long winter nights often drop below -30 ° C. Unlike most mammals, which have only one coat of fur, reindeer have two: a dense undercoat under a blanket of hollow guard hairs. Reindeer can have up to 2,000 hairs crammed into a single square inch, making it ten times denser than a human hair.

This double layer traps air and creates an insulating blanket that prevents reindeer from losing heat and keeps snow from reaching and cooling the skin. This allows the reindeer to warm up, whether they are living with Santa Claus at the North Pole or traveling the world on Christmas Eve.

Also, when the blood reaches our extremities, like our fingers and toes, it cools and our hearts have to pump at a faster rate to warm the blood again. It takes a lot of energy that we get from food, which is often lacking in arctic landscapes – well, unless you’re going to feast on candy canes and sugar plums with the elves.

But reindeer have what’s called countercurrent heat exchange that essentially allows them to recycle heat so the heart doesn’t have to work as hard. The arteries and veins carrying blood to and from the heart are intertwined, allowing heat from warm arterial blood to pass to cold venous blood.

Much of this heat exchange occurs in the specialized nasal bones of the reindeer, where a lot of cold air is inhaled through the nostrils. In fact, the highly concentrated blood vessels in their nostrils often give reindeer a red nose, just like Rudolph.

Aptitude: Reindeer lichen – an organism formed from a symbiotic relationship between algae and fungi – is the main thing reindeer eat during the winter. Lichens are the crispy things you often see living on tree trunks and rocks.

Lichens are abundant in the Arctic – an ideal food source that reindeer can find wherever they go. This means that reindeer don’t need to store body fat and, unlike many other animals, they can find enough food to fuel their epic sleigh journey with Santa Claus – aided by the carrots that the people leave out, of course. Reindeer are in fact the only mammals capable of digesting lichen, thanks to specialized bacteria present in their intestines.

View: The Arctic has very little daylight during winter, so reindeer have evolved to see as much as possible in the dark. Reindeer eyes change color from gold to blue in winter, letting in more of the small amount of light available and improving their vision.

Reindeer can even see in the ultraviolet light. Although this astonishing sense is common in birds and insects, reindeer are among the only mammals to have developed this ability. This means that objects that would blend into the background when seen through human eyes are much more visible to reindeer.

Since reindeer can essentially see in the dark, this makes them perfect for guiding Santa on his journey through the night, making sure he is not seen by children.

Stability: To walk in the snow without sinking or getting frostbite, reindeer have developed large, crescent-shaped hooves. These keep them stable, but they can also be used as shovels to dig for lichen under the snow.

The hoof pads shrink and harden during the winter, allowing reindeer to walk on the sharp edges of their hooves. In addition to reducing the area of ​​the hoof exposed to cold ground, the hoof edges cut through ice and snow to prevent slipping. Obviously, this is a great adaptation to keep reindeer stable when they land on snowy rooftops.

Transport: Reindeer are the only domesticated species of deer and people have used them for movement since the Stone Age. People ride on their backs like horses and use small herds of them to drive sleighs, just like Santa Claus.

Reindeer migrate up to 5,000 km per year – farther than any other land mammal – and they regularly travel 55 km in a day. They are also surprisingly fast, reaching speeds of up to 80 km / h. This long-distance trip is ideal for helping Santa visit every child in just one night.

So reindeer can stay warm, see in the dark, stand on slippery surfaces, and find food in the harshest of environments – all invaluable skills to pulling off the biggest Christmas Eve night’s work. . Their domestication and long relationship with humans means that they are also well used to pulling sleds.

Of course, Santa’s reindeer can fly too. However, they cannot thank evolution for it, unlike all of these other adaptations. As we all know, their ability to fly comes from a dusting of magical Christmas dust.

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Posted on: Monday, December 13, 2021, 7:00 a.m. IST

Your next job as a Yukon glacier pilot – Yukon News


I have the perfect idea if you’re looking for a Christmas gift voucher or an idea for a less office-related job: Andy Williams’ new book, Mount Logan and the Icefields: Yukon Flying Adventures.

You know you have a good book in your hands when you open it at random and it has tips like this: “You have to know what mountains look like from all angles.” Because you will get lost. And you have to be able to recognize mountains from all sides.

Williams’ new autobiographical tale of four decades of mountaineers and scientists flying around Mount Logan and the Icefields, published by the MacBride Museum and packed with stunning photos, is the Yukon’s must-read new book.

The Yukon is a wild and rugged place. Which sometimes makes it shocking to listen to conversations in cafes in the capital and hear people complaining about boring Powerpoint presentations or the ordeal of having to reset the wifi connection at their garage door.

What about these challenges? Landed on a sloping glacier at 17,600 feet. Install a spare engine in your plane with a gantry so that you can replace the engine on another plane already stuck on a glacier. Dig your plane in six feet of snow and flip it over before this nasty storm you can see on the horizon buries it again. Or decide if the expedition doctor who helps you offload the plane is behaving strangely enough that you need to bring in a second doctor to treat the altitude sickness.

I don’t want to rack you up with angst just before the holidays, but compare your resume to the following and ask who would be more interesting to invite to dinner: you or an ex-Royal Marine Commando who went on to be a surveyor. antarctica, director of research stations on two continents, mountaineer and glacier pilot in the Yukon.

Even if, like most of us, you’re more comfortable risking computer crashes than plane crashes, Yukon Flying Adventures is a great read. It’s based on Williams’ talk show and photo show during one of MacBride’s Wayback sessions. The book connects the reader to the long and astonishing history of alpine and glacial exploration in the Yukon, a subject generally confined to a relatively small community of extraordinary Yukoners.

These stories are amazing in several ways.

For mountaineers, there is the story of the first ascent in 1925. Without the aid of planes, they set off for Mount Logan from Alaska (there is incredible film footage of this expedition in a documentary titled Conquering Mount Logan which you can find on YouTube).

For geologists, there are photos and stories about Walter Wood’s early expeditions and the founding of the Arctic Institute of North America. For biologists, there is the groundbreaking High Altitude Physiology Study (HAPS), which investigated the effects of thinning air at high altitudes on unacclimatized individuals or those who spend prolonged periods at altitude. In the 1960s, this was among the priorities of scientific research. In addition to new activities such as high altitude flights and space missions, he had just broken out a war in the Himalayas between China and India where Indian troops airlifted to high altitude bases have suffered significant losses.

The HAPS study benefited generations of people at altitude, documenting conditions such as acute mountain sickness, pulmonary edema, retinal damage, cerebral edema and Cheyne-Stokes breathing.

The need to build a large research base at high altitude has led to a series of breakthrough innovations and adventures. They needed an aircraft capable of landing and taking off with a load of 15,000 feet or more. They learned that pilots in the Peruvian Andes were flying the Helio Courier, known for its short take-off and landing capabilities, equipped with turbochargers on airstrips above 15,000 feet.

They decided to buy one and try it out with skis for glacier landings and takeoffs, eventually reaching 17,600 feet where the legendary Logan High Camp would be located.

I once had the privilege of being flown to King’s Trench on Mount Logan. It’s an experience you won’t forget, from the raw majesty of the mountain to the roaring power of the mighty Turbo Beaver plane.

The flight also reminds you, as the book does, that Kluane Park is huge. Even if you paddle the Alsek River or walk to the Kaskawulsh Glacier, you are barely at the edge of the front yard of Mt Logan.

For those of us with modern office jobs, the book is a fascinating glimpse into the people who go on glacier expeditions. For young Yukoners, this book can be an inspiration to earn a pilot’s license or a science degree to work in places like Kluane. In much safer and better known conditions, of course, thanks to the accomplishments of the smiling people in the photos in Andy Williams’ book.

Mount Logan and the Icefields: Yukon Flying Adventures is available at the MacBride Museum, and the author will be signing copies on Saturday, December 11 from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.

Keith Halliday is an economist from the Yukon, author of Yukon Aurora children’s adventure novels and co-host of the Klondike Gold Rush History podcast. He won the Ma Murray Award for Best Columnist.

History hunter

Santa has a problem in the Arctic | Local news


I hate to add more anxiety to young people, or their parents, after everything they’ve been through the past two years. But we have to talk about the tensions that Santa Claus and his team face at the North Pole.

We’ve all been here in the relative mildness of the Midwest, seeing the effects of climate change, which so far has mostly resulted in a longer growing season, milder winters, more rain, and spells of drought. .

At the North Pole, the changes have been more visible and dramatic, foreshadowing all kinds of challenges for St. Nick. And things are getting worse faster than expected, scientists say.

The Arctic Council’s Arctic Monitoring and Assessment program now suggests that the North Pole will be ice-free during summers as early as the 2030s. Previous studies predicted ice-free summers at the North Pole by now the middle of the century.

For a guy who has perfected his Christmas operation in perpetual cold, ice, wind and blizzards, the changes may require a change in our Christmas / Santa stories.

I imagine Santa Claus watching around the melting ice and considering new hobbies in his off season. Rather than hanging out with his reindeer, maybe he is practicing his golf swing. But he might be surprised to find that there is no land under the ice he lives on, just the Arctic Ocean.

I saw Santa Claus water skiing at one of these water shows in Florida. It was a good gag, playing on the idea that someone living on perpetual ice would be hovering over the water. But Nicholas could soon ask the elves to make water skis to connect with the reindeer.

The absence of white blizzards and thick ice at the North Pole must confuse everyone from the reindeer to the abominable snow monster. Hey I remember the movie “Rudolph the Red Nose Reindeer” and Bumble the Snow Monster is a heavy guy who needs a lot of thick ice to support his weight. And Rudolph’s shiny nose probably isn’t a big deal to other reindeer anymore now, with a few foggy, snowstorm-filled nights hitting the Arctic.

With Santa Claus facing dislocation sooner rather than later, parents and kids decades away could be talking about how Santa and Rudolph take off from the South Pole on Christmas Eve.

South Pole ice is also melting, but not as fast in the Arctic. And there is at least some land under the South Pole, providing a long-term base for a new Christmas headquarters.

There are a lot of things about Santa that I don’t understand, but one of them is how he knows when to go for his annual Christmas run.

At the North Pole, 24 time zones collide at a single point, making them insignificant. It is simultaneously all of the Earth’s time zones and none of them. If it settles at the South Pole, there will also be no time zone to pass.

Worrying about climate change is probably not the only concern of grown-ups these days. I know Santa has strong magic and he would definitely be a cheerful guy, but I imagine even he is facing a shortage of manpower. You think it’s hard to find someone with a background in mechatronics for the production line, imagine finding elves who know how to build everything from Legos to PlayStations fast.

Anyway for Santa, I hope things continue for him and the elves. I have requests for gifts that span at least the next two decades.

Tim Krohn can be contacted at [email protected] or 507-344-6383.

Ideas and blogs. Spend Credit Pittsburgh Energy.


Ideas and blogs. Spend Credit Pittsburgh Energy.

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  • Out of this World: Did Earth’s water come from icy comets and grains of space dust? | Space


    IIt covers three quarters of the Earth’s surface and gives our planet its distinctive blue complexion when viewed from space. But the source of the liquid water that sustains our seas and has nurtured life on our world for eons is a subject of major scientific debate.

    Some researchers argue that water, in one form or another, has been present on our world since it emerged from swirling clouds of dust and gas 4.5 billion years ago. The Earth has always been provided with a reservoir, in short.

    However, other scientists have a different point of view. They say that at first the Earth was parched and waterless, and our oceans did not appear until much later – when ice and water rained on our world from extraterrestrial sources. These were responsible for most of the 332,500,000 cubic miles of water that now covers our planet, it is claimed.

    And now a group of British scientists have given key support to the idea that the origins of our seas were out of this world. They studied grains of matter – found on an asteroid called 25143 Itokawa and brought back to Earth by a Japanese robotic probe – and concluded that these support the idea that we got our oceans from outer space.

    “The dust we studied provides good evidence that our oceans were created from water from other parts of the solar system,” said Luke Daly, of the University of Glasgow. “This suggests that at least half of the water we have on Earth is filtered by interplanetary dust.”

    Daly and his colleagues used atomic probe tomography to study the dust grains that were returned from 25143 Itokawa. This remarkable technique allows scientists to count the atoms in a sample one by one. In this way, it was revealed that the grains brought back from the asteroid contained significant amounts of water, the scientists say in an article published in the journal. Nature astronomy.

    This water was most likely created by the solar wind, a flow of particles coming out of the Sun, Daly added. These particles would have interacted with the oxygen atoms in dust clouds that float through the solar system to create water molecules that would have accumulated in clouds over the history of the solar system.

    Then, as the Earth circled around the Sun, it would have swept away those clouds and cleaned up the dust grains – and their water. In this way, water – “the driving force of all nature”, as Leonardo da Vinci once said – would have filtered from the sky to our planet, it is argued.

    Above all, other bodies orbiting the Sun would also have swept these aquifer grains. On Earth, these small silicate fragments disintegrated a long time ago, but on the airless asteroid 25143 Itokawa, they will have remained motionless on its surface, probably for billions of years, until the Japanese probe Hayabusa picks up a sample and brings it back to Earth where its contents were revealed.

    The group, which also included Professor Martin Lee of the University of Glasgow, points out that they don’t think all of the water in our seas comes from grains of solar dust. An equally large supply would have been provided by ice from comets and asteroids that crashed into Earth. “Together, solar dust and icy comets have provided us with the oceans in which life has evolved,” Lee said.

    This latter point is supported by the fact that the ice of comets and asteroids contains relatively high amounts of the hydrogen isotope deuterium compared to water on Earth, while solar dust contains relatively low levels of deuterium. In combination, the two sources balanced each other to provide an isotopic signature that matches that of water on Earth.

    The lunar South Pole, near which an ice deposit is said to have formed. Photography: Nasa / EPA

    And the discovery is important not only because it provides compelling evidence for the origin of water on Earth. It also suggests that other worlds in the solar system could have water, possibly in the form of ice, on their surface with key implications for future space exploration and the search for life elsewhere in the galaxy.

    “Any kind of moon should house a reservoir of renewable water produced by the solar wind,” Daly said. “And that would be important for the exploration of inhabited space. We need drinking water to run our bodies and we could use it as well, by breaking down water molecules into their hydrogen components and oxygen, to make rocket fuel. In the years to come, as we establish a base on the Moon, such water sources are likely to be invaluable. We will not have to take water with us when we will cross the solar system.

    An ice deposit is now believed to have formed in Shackleton Crater near the Moon’s south pole and it is the primary target of NASA’s upcoming Artemis program, which aims to establish a colony there and exploit its water resources.

    And the observation that the interplanetary dust within our own solar system contains water also has implications for the search for life elsewhere in the galaxy, Daly added. “Across our galaxy, we can observe dust clouds in other star systems where planets are forming. This suggests that these worlds will have a water supply that will allow them to develop seas and oceans, and then eventually life form. “

    Seabourn Venture Arctic Cruises: Admire the…


    Credit: Shutterstock

    Sponsored by Seabourn

    Seabourn offers an exciting opportunity to cruise Svalbard, uniquely located between mainland Norway and the North Pole, with countless glaciers and amazing wildlife ready to be explored.

    Seabourn brings you a new era of ultra-luxurious expedition travel with its luxury arctic cruises, combining authentic and exhilarating adventures in remote destinations with the awe-inspiring amenities of the Seabourn Venture cruise ship..

    In the summer of 2022, cruise the beautiful Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, a remote, vast and wild place largely untouched by human presence with Seabourn.

    Breathe in the fresh sea air and admire views of rugged mountains, glacier blue glaciers and lush greenery to fully appreciate one of the most sought after destinations by expedition travelers.

    Wake up every day aboard the Seabourn Venture, ready for another unforgettable adventure: glide under cliffs teeming with millions of nesting seabirds, circle sculpted icebergs in a kayak and spot whales, walruses, seals, reindeer and even polar bears and much more remote area with life.

    What to do in Svalbard

    The islands of Svalbard rise dramatically from the Arctic Ocean midway between Norway’s North Cape and the North Pole. Stony and sentinel peaks rise above deeply sculpted fjords and sparkling bays along the glaciers, which cover 60% of the island’s mass.

    In summer, nature can be seen in abundance, the sparse vegetation of the tundra erupts under the endless glare of the midnight sun. Additionally, millions of migratory birds arrive from the southern kingdoms to nest, breed and feed their young on steep, ridged cliffs.

    – READ MORE: Six amazing arctic animals to see on Seabourn’s expedition trips –

    Spot reindeer with elaborate antlers graze the slopes as arctic foxes and predatory gulls stand by, on the lookout for the opportunity.

    Seals and walruses come out to join the breeding season, and patient polar bears patrol rocky shores and floating ice, while whales roll and breach offshore, feeding on the sea’s summer abundance.

    Ride aboard zodiacs (inflatable boats) and paddle in kayaks, observe from decks and hike the islands themselves, discover and explore this secluded, unspoiled and breathtakingly beautiful location, then let him revel in his short summer.

    Longyearbyen min

    Seabourn cruises sail to Longyearbyen, Svalbard’s largest fjord system. Credit: Shutterstock

    Where to go in Svalbard


    Situated in a narrow valley along the banks of the Adventfjorden, Longyearbyen is a small tributary of Isfjord, Svalbard’s largest fjord system.

    It stretches 60 miles on the island of Spitsbergen and is the seat of the governor of Svalbard. An incredible nine large tidal glaciers, with a combined 13 mile ice front, as well as dozens of hanging glaciers flow into the fjord.

    – READ MORE: Free Wi-Fi, 300 Fresh Recipes & New Musical Shows – The Latest Offers from Seabourn –

    The city’s 2,100 inhabitants live in one of the most northerly villages on the planet, and make a living from coal mining, education and tourism.

    Due to the city’s extreme isolation, proximity to Svalbard’s wildlife and pristine environment, there are unique laws that are found in few other places.

    In fact, everyone venturing out of town is required to carry a rifle to protect themselves from polar bears and bad news for cat lovers, owning a cat is illegal!

    Bjornoya norway min

    Seabourn visits the isolated Bjørnøya where you can admire the cliffs. Credit: Seabourn


    Halfway between the European North Cape and the Svalbard Archipelago, isolated Bjørnøya also lies along the border between the Norwegian Sea and the Barents Sea.

    Fortress-like cliffs and sea chimneys greet you with the white noise of countless nesting seabirds coming and going from the rock faces.

    Explore the sea caves and narrow channels between the chimneys and the cliff in Zodiacs from Seabourn Venture and, if conditions permit, the flat, lunar terrain on the shore opposite Herwighamna can allow you to land and meet the little one. weather station crew.

    – READ MORE: Seabourn unveils inaugural cruises on luxury expedition ship Seabourn Venture –

    Storstappen Island

    Rising from the sea to a height of 930 feet and part of a formidable nature reserve home to hundreds of thousands of nesting seabirds, the island of Storstappen is one of the most important settlements in the north of the Norway.

    The spectacular and exposed island is the summer home of around 400,000 pairs of puffins, hundreds of northern gannets and numerous black-legged kittiwakes as well as many other species of seabirds. This grouping of birds attracts dozens of white-tailed eagles.

    The nutrient-rich waters that surround the island also team up in marine life, including gray seals and many smaller sea creatures.

    Bear Island min

    Seabourn visits Bear Island on an optional kayak excursion. Credit: Shutterstock

    The five best things to do and see on The Svalbard Experience by Seabourn

    1. Take a zodiac cruise past the almost vertical cliffs of Bjørnoya and enter and exit the caves listening to the sound of the sea and the calls of seabirds.
    2. Explore the tundra ecosystems with Seabourn’s expedition guides and learn about the tiny flora that thrive in the harsh arctic environment while admiring the fascinating rock formations.
    3. Try to spot a polar bear in its natural habitat – an encounter with the King of the Arctic is something you will remember forever!
    4. Marvel at the myriad of colors and shapes created by glacier ice as it molds the landscape over which it flows.
    5. Optionally, you can join a kayak team to paddle north of the Arctic Circle to explore Bear Island, the southernmost island in the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, midway between Spitsbergen and the North Cape. The island features craggy and populated bird cliffs as well as a beautiful rugged coastline.
    Seabourn venture min

    Discover Svalbard with Seabourn Venture. Credit: Seabourn

    11 facts about Sir Ernest Shackleton


    Anglo-Irish explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton made four expeditions to Antarctica in the early part of the 20th century, failing many of his objectives but becoming a legendary leader in the process. January 5, 2022 marks the 100th anniversary of his death on his last expedition to the frozen continent. Here are the essential facts about the Boss’s adventure life.

    1. Before going to Antarctica, Ernest Shackleton worked on merchant ships.

    Ernest Shackleton was born in County Kildare, Ireland on February 15, 1874. At the age of 10 he moved with his family to Sydenham, then a suburb of south London, and attended Dulwich College in proximity before enrolling in the merchant navy at 16 years old. He served on a ship transporting goods between the UK and South America, and had his first glimpse of the rough seas around Cape Horn, with which he would become all too familiar later.

    2. Ernest Shackleton had a famous rivalry with Robert Falcon Scott.

    Commander Robert Falcon Scott led the 1901-1904 British National Antarctic Expedition aboard the ship Discovery, with Shackleton serving as third officer. While the science team performed experiments, Scott, Shackleton, and Edward Wilson scoured the continent’s uncharted interior within 500 statute miles of the South Pole. Shackleton, however, contracted severe scurvy and was sent home in 1903. In his account of the trip, Scott hinted that Shackleton’s disease prevented the group from reaching the Pole. Insulted Shackleton began planning an even more ambitious trip to Antarctica. The rivalry was still strong in 1907, when Scott complained to a cartographer that he had his name next to Shackleton’s on a new map.

    3. Ernest Shackleton set a southernmost record.

    Shackleton ordered the Nimrod expedition from 1907 to 1909 and achieved a handful of important firsts: five men made the first ascent of Mount Erebus, a living volcano, and the crew drove the first car to Antarctica. Shackleton and three others tried again for the South Pole, but a severe food shortage forced them to retreat just 97 nautical miles (111.6 statute miles) from their target. “On the last day we pulled our bolt and the tale is 88 ° 23 ‘S[outh], 162 ° East[ast], he writes in his diary. ” Back home. Whatever the regrets, we did our best.

    Although he did not reach his destination, Shackleton returned to England with a new southernmost record. He was praised for his wise decision to save the lives of his men by turning around – a glimpse of leadership that would later become his defining characteristic.

    4. Ernest Shackleton testified at the Titanic investigation.

    Upon returning from his second trip to Antarctica, Shackleton was considered one of the leading experts on polar phenomena. For this reason, he was called to testify at the hearing following the sinking of the Titanic in 1912. The Explorer gave his opinion on the conditions that would have made the North Atlantic iceberg difficult for mariners to see until it was too late. “With a calm and dead sea, there is no sign to give you any indication that there is anything out there,” he said.

    5. Ernest Shackleton’s alleged publicity for his upcoming trip was not optimistic.

    Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole on December 14, 1911, defeating Shackleton’s nemesis Robert Falcon Scott and his team of four men over a month old (Scott’s group perished in their return). With this claimed trophy, Shackleton refocused on launching the first expedition to cross Antarctica on foot. When is the time to hire your crew for the great Imperial Transantarctic expedition aboard the ship? Endurance, Shackleton reportedly published an ad in a newspaper that did not mince words:

    “MEN WANTED for hazardous travel, low salary, freezing cold, long months of total darkness, constant danger, safe return, honor and recognition in the event of success. Ernest Shackleton, 4 Burlington Street.

    However, historians have not been able to locate a copy of the original advertisement, leading many to conclude that it was probably a myth.

    6. Ernest Shackleton and five men covered 800 miles in an open boat…

    the Endurance left Plymouth, England in August 1914 with a crew of 26; Shackleton and Second in Command Frank Wild joined the ship later. In January 1915 the ship was stuck in the pack ice and finally sank on November 21, 1915 [PDF], never having reached the continent. Shackleton and the crew set up camp on the pack ice and drifted helplessly in the currents for the next four months. Southern summer temperatures between December and April gradually melted their pack ice, and when the ice broke on April 9, 1916, they jumped into three lifeboats and sailed to the nearest land, an uninhabited point called Elephant Island, 150 miles north-northeast of the Antarctic Peninsula.

    After landing, Shackleton, who knew a rescue was unlikely, made the decision to leave for help. He took five other men in their 23-foot lifeboat, the James caird, and headed for the whaling station in South Georgia. The small, isolated island was 800 miles away, across the world’s most dangerous ocean. Despite severe storms and the freezing sea water constantly lapping above their heads, not to mention exhaustion, the EnduranceFrank Worsley’s captain was able to steer the boat and they barely disembarked alive two weeks later on May 10, 1916.

    7.… And then Shackleton and two companions climbed unexplored glaciers.

    Unfortunately the James caird landed on the wrong side of South Georgia, and it was too dangerous to sail to the whaling station. Despite their extreme fatigue and hunger, Shackleton, Worsley and the EnduranceTom Crean’s second officer scoured the glacier-covered mountain range forming the backbone of the island. From Alfred Lansing’s definitive account Endurance: Shackleton’s Incredible Journey, they knew they had done it when they heard the station bell signaling the start of the workday, at 6:30 a.m. sharp on May 20, 1916.

    In the days and weeks that followed, Shackleton recovered the three men who remained on the other side of the island and (after several attempts thwarted by sea ice) chartered a ship in August 1916 to rescue those who were stranded on Elephant Island. The 28 Endurancethe crew survived.

    8. Business coaches teach the leadership style of Ernest Shackleton.

    Shackleton is famous for not having lost a man, but even before that he made strategic decisions to preserve the health and morale of his crew during their many adrift months. In one example, when he chose his crew for the boat trip, he chose the carpenter Henry “Chippy” McNeish, despite a strained relationship with him. The boss believed that leaving McNeish behind at Elephant Island would create the potential for discord among the castaways. Shackleton’s skills as a leader, especially his example of resilience in extreme situations, have inspired many business guides, books, and case studies.

    9. Ernest Shackleton volunteered during the First World War.

    On their return from Antarctica, a surprising number of EnduranceThe crew served in the First World War. Among them, photographer Frank Hurley worked as a combat photojournalist, Wild volunteered as a Royal Navy transport officer in Russia, and Shackleton himself served in the Northern Russia Expeditionary Force during the Civil War. from this country.

    After the armistice, Shackleton began planning his next quest, appropriately aboard the ship. Quest—Funded by philanthropist John Quiller Rowett. The Boss and his crew, which included eight Endurance veterans, arrived in South Georgia on January 4, 1922. The next morning, Shackleton died suddenly of coronary thrombosis at the age of 47. He was buried in the Norwegian whaling cemetery at the Grytviken whaling station, according to his wife’s wishes.

    10. Modern day explorers have recreated Ernest Shackleton’s legendary boat trip.

    In 2014, adventurer Tim Jarvis led a five-man crew in a re-enactment of Shackleton’s open boat trip from Elephant Island to South Georgia on the 100th anniversary of the feat. They traveled in a wooden replica of the James caird, used century-old gear to navigate and navigate, and even wore the same type of Edwardian-era clothing as Shackleton’s men. Like the first explorers, Jarvis and his crew faced huge waves, storms, cold and icy winds before crossing the glaciers of South Georgia on foot to the old whaling station. A documentary of the expedition aired on PBS.

    11. People are always looking for Ernest Shackleton’s Endurance.

    According to Worsley’s calculations, the Endurance was crushed by ice at 68 ° 39′30 ″ S latitude, 52 ° 26′30 ″ W longitude, nearly 200 miles east of the Antarctic Peninsula. Although they know the coordinates, scientists have not located the actual wreckage, which is believed to have sunk in 9,800 feet of water. Julian Dowdeswell, professor of physical geography at the University of Cambridge, organized an expedition to the site in 2019 to analyze conditions on the seabed and discover the Endurancethe last resting place. Although weather and ice conditions precluded a thorough search, Dowdeswell found minimal sediment drift and ice scour at the site – in other words, the Endurance is likely to be clearly visible and intact … if ever it is found.

    Additional sources: Endurance: the incredible journey of Shackleton; Shackleton’s boat trip

    India, China endanger Hindu Kush-Himalaya-Karakoram glaciers


    The insistence of two Asian giants on the continued use of coal will have serious implications, especially in their own backyards.

    By Iqbal S. Hasnain

    On November 13, the last day of the United Nations climate change conference, COP 26, held in Glasgow, some 200 countries agreed to a controversial compromise.

    In a dramatic last-minute intervention, China and India imposed an amendment on the continued use of coal. As a result, the Glasgow Climate Pact states that coal will be “phased out” and not “phased out”.

    Their actions will have serious implications, especially in their own backyards. This jeopardizes the future of the glaciers of the Himalayan-Hindu Kush mountains and the small island nations that surround them.

    It is not rocket science to understand that over 85% of the energy in China and India comes from coal-fired power plants.

    Read: COP26: United States and India must work together to achieve climate change goals (November 5, 2021)

    Using data from the Continuous Emissions Monitoring System, many researchers conclude that China, India, and US coal-fired power plants are responsible for the largest annual carbon dioxide emissions from all combustion sources. .

    The ever-growing number of coal-fired power plants in China and India also generate sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides which contribute to smog and respiratory problems.

    The Himalayan-Hindu Kush mountain glacier sandwiched between two populous and polluting emerging economies has accelerated the melting of glaciers.

    It is essential before and after the rainy season (intervening months) in the region when it supplies a greater part of the flow of each river from the Yangtze, which irrigates more than half of the rice fields of China, to the Ganges and to the Indus which are important. in the agricultural heart of India and Pakistan.

    Chinese scientists have monitored more than 680 glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau and all of them are shrinking rapidly, with the greatest losses on its southern and eastern edges. Numerous studies of glaciers have concluded that “these glaciers do not just retreat, they lose mass from the surface downwards”.

    Ice cover in the southern and eastern plateau has declined by more than 60 percent since the 1970s and damage is even greater in Central Asia and northern India, with a drop of 60 percent hundred over the past five decades.

    If the current trend accelerates due to continued global and regional warming, Chinese scientists believe that 70% of the plateau’s glaciers could disappear by 2050. Large-scale glacier shrinkage is inevitable by 2070 and will lead to ecological disaster.

    Read: After Glasgow, India should become a leader in the field of green energy (November 27, 2021)

    Asia’s water, in general, is threatened by global and regional warming, but the effect of climate change on water availability and food security differs considerably from basin to basin.

    For example, effects in the Indus and Brahmaputra basins are likely to be severe due to large populations and heavy reliance on irrigated agriculture and meltwater.

    Regional global warming and increased monsoon precipitation and increased black carbon aerosol emissions from coal-fired power plants and stubble burning, brick kilns are having an aggravating impact.

    They accelerate the melting of the ice and reduce the accumulation of snow on these glaciers, causing a significant loss of ice mass over large portions of mountainous regions.

    The continued and widespread melting of glaciers over the century will lead to flooding / water shortages, lower crop yields and sea level rise threatening small island nations.

    The painful reality is that the world is failing to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, despite the pledge to do so at COP 2015 in Paris.

    The tracks, even to be limited to 1.6 degrees Celsius, are difficult. The final deal leaves open the crucial question of how quickly each country, especially emerging economies, is expected to reduce its emissions over the next decade.

    India pledging to achieve “Net Zero” emissions, setting a deadline of 2070 to stop adding greenhouse gases to the atmosphere is illusory.

    Although China and India are slowly moving towards renewables, coal, which provides more than 85% of their electricity, would remain their main energy driver by the end of the century.

    Read: Melting Himalayan and Alaskan Glaciers and Global Climate Challenges (September 7, 2015)

    Carbon black is a short-lived pollutant that is the second largest contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide. Carbon black is present in geographic locations across the Hindu Kush-Himalayas-Karakoram.

    High concentrations of black carbon, over the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) and Himalayan foothills, have become the main contributor of black carbon to the northern and southern sides of the Himalayas.

    Scientific field data suggests that anthropogenic carbon black deposition improves snowmelt and sublimation rates, decreases snow albedo and reflectivity, and significant net radiative forcing of climate.

    The Climate Action Tracker (CAT) has rightly warned world leaders despite COP 26 commitments for 2030, countries will continue to emit about twice as much in 2030 as required for levels of 1.5 degrees Celsius. set out in the 2015 Paris Agreement.

    Sadly, the reality is that Asia’s two biggest polluters have postponed their targets to 2070. It looks like the leaders are claiming they have a net zero target, but they have no plans for how to get there. and their rhetoric with a date is just a lip service to create an optic.

    In a business-as-usual scenario, increasing energy demand from coal-fired power plants in India and China increases the amount of black carbon flowing through the Hindu Kush-Himalayan-Karakoram mountain ranges and threatens to accelerate the glaciers melt exponentially.

    Read more about Iqbal S. Hasnain

    The scenario of 2.7 degrees Celsius by the end of the century will disappear from many island countries and the third pole (HKHK) will be ice free.

    (Iqbal S. Hasnain is an Indian glaciologist and pro chancellor of Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi)

    Don Lynch to provide new educational opportunities


    Oliver Wunsch was scrolling through the news early Tuesday morning when a Boston College title grabbed his attention. Reading the account of Peter Lynch’s donation of his more than $ 20 million art collection to the McMullen Museum of Art, Wunsch realized how important it was to welcome the collection to British Columbia. .

    “I understood that this was going to change the McMullen Museum and Boston College Square forever, as well as the American museum world at large,” said Wunsch, assistant professor of art history at Columbia. British. “It really puts Boston College on the map.”

    The donation includes 27 paintings and three drawings from the private collection of Lynch and his late wife, Carolyn. The collection, named Carolyn A. and Peter S. Lynch Collection, includes pieces by artists who worked in the 19th and 20th centuries, including Pablo Picasso, John Singer Sargent, Diego Rivera, and Mary Cassatt.

    Wunsch, who focused his research and teaching on European and American painting in the 18th and 19th centuries, said the arrival of the collection will provide art historians and other members of the British Columbia community valuable opportunities to get interested in art.

    “I think choosing Boston College… with people from all walks of life at the university ready to come and engage with these objects just means we’re going to learn a lot more about it. [the art] in the years to come, ”said Wunsch.

    As chair of the art, art history and film department, Stephanie Leone said she plans professors will incorporate the pieces into their lectures and discussions. With the artwork just down the street from BC’s main campus, students will also be able to use the pieces as research subjects, Leone said.

    “Each generation of researchers brings new interpretations and a new contextualization to paintings,” said Leone. “So I imagine there will be a lot of new and exciting questions and then interpretations that will arise from studying these paintings. “

    The collection can also allow students pursuing a concentration in museum studies to research the pieces, make connections between the works and formulate exhibits, Leone said.

    Art offers students the opportunity to experience the global connections of works, said Wunsch. Before creating “Orchid and Hummingbirds by a Mountain Lake,” one of the donated paintings, artist Martin Johnson Heade traveled to Central and South America, according to Wunsch. The striking naturalistic painting provides a glimpse into the global context of art created in the United States, Wunsch said.

    Some of the work the McMullen will host also presents opportunities for interdisciplinary study, according to Wunsch. In a painting by William Bradford titled “Among the Ice Floes,” jagged icebergs protrude from a green-tinted ocean. A wooden ship is stranded on an icy shore as small human figures stand nearby. Wunsch said the painting can be used to ask questions about the connection between art and climate change.

    According to Leone, the collection will not only enhance the study of art history, but also has the potential to inspire art and film students who create their own creative projects.

    “I think it will really help us to improve our students’ education, their interaction with works of art and well prepare them for future careers in art, art history or just becoming … Great museum enthusiasts when they leave. British Columbia, ”Leone said.

    Image courtesy of Carolyn A. and Peter S. Lynch Collection at the McMullen Museum of Art, Boston College

    Autopsy Reveals Death of Omaha South Football Player from Heat and Heart Disease | Nebraska


    OMAHA – The autopsy results of an Omaha South football player who collapsed during training in August revealed that the main cause of his death was hyperthermia.

    Geiger, Drake

    Douglas County District Attorney Don Kleine said the autopsy showed heat to be the main factor in the August 10 death of 16-year-old Drake Geiger. The autopsy also revealed that heart problems contributed to the death, Kleine said.

    “The young man had pretty serious heart problems,” Kleine said. “Some of his arteries were already blocked.”

    The autopsy revealed that Geiger, a junior, weighed 401 pounds and was 6 feet 3 inches tall. He had 10 minutes of football training when he collapsed.

    Geiger and other players had just taken a break to drink water after about 10 minutes of training, his father, Scott Hoffman, said. Drake was coming back to training and fell, Hoffman said.

    Just after 4:25 p.m. that day, Omaha firefighters responded to an emergency call at Collin Field, South’s football and soccer stadium. They took Drake to Nebraska Medical Center, where he died.

    The family had recently returned from a trip to Las Vegas and California, where Hoffman said it was extremely hot. Drake had no problems there, his father said.

    The temperature at 4 pm Aug. 10 in Omaha was 91 degrees, but the heat index was between 100 and 106. The National Weather Service had issued a heat advisory for that day.

    Dave Ramsey’s daughter Rachel Cruze shares her Christmas budget tips


    Rachel cruze |

    Rachel Cruze remembers what life was like when her influential father Dave Ramsey was going through financial difficulties and going through bankruptcy. These memories fuel her passion for making sure people know the financial dos and don’ts over Christmas time.

    While she works with her father and siblings at Ramsey Solutions, Cruze is known to many for her Youtube show, where she provides advice on a wide range of financial topics, including how to spend wisely for Christmas. She is well aware of the dangers that await those who do not follow financial wisdom.

    Consumer spending, Cruze said, is expected to be extremely high during this year’s holiday compared to 2020, when fewer families have come together to exchange gifts.

    “So even though it’s the season of giving, which is beautiful, it can get tangled up with this idea that we play around with other people’s expectations of what Christmas is, and so much so that we put ourselves in a financial hole and we are in debt for it, she lamented.

    Those who follow Ramsey Solutions know they are discouraged from taking on debt, especially at Christmas. This is why Cruze encourages people to budget for what they plan to spend on each person and to include other expenses associated with the festive meal and gatherings, including the cost of paper plates and utensils. in plastic.

    Cruze believes parents and adults should communicate with each other and with their children about their expectations because of budget constraints caused by lost income or because parents are struggling to cut spending so they can pay off debts or save money. money for rainy days. funds.

    Many parents cringe under the pressure of their family’s expectations and sometimes resort to a payday loan, which Cruze strongly advises against falling prey to.

    “It’s a bad idea,” she said. “So remember, not only are you going into debt for something that nobody will remember in four months. But also, you are looking at the calculations on interest rates, fees and everything that goes with that kind of money. industry. It’s disgusting. It’s terrible what they charge people when it comes to payday loans or even online loans. I just heard a story this morning about a loan at 110% interest that a guy has contracted, and they feed off people’s desperation.

    Christmas should not bring despair but freedom, she said.

    “The only word we use frequently here is freedom. A level of freedom comes from avoiding debt, and being in debt mathematically takes a heavy financial toll. But also, there is a spiritual and emotional toll it takes when you owe someone. And the moment you become free, you know, in Proverbs it says that the borrower is the slave of the lender, ”she pointed out.

    Cruze, whose lifelong job is to help others break free from debt bondage, also wants people to find true freedom and everlasting peace in the salvation that comes only through faith in Jesus Christ.

    Here are all the free art exhibitions to visit at the Quartier des spectacles


    The 12th edition of Luminothérapie shines brightly in the Quartier des spectacles and a handful of free outdoor activities will keep you occupied.

    Because nothing better to conquer the cold than to spend time there.

    Spread between rue de Bleury and Saint-Dominique, five different exhibits are worth seeing: a 55-foot whale, musical swings, giant icebergs, an illuminated flowery trail and building projection shows.

    Luminothérapie says this year’s exhibition is a mix of “light and interactive works” that help light up an otherwise gloomy, wintry season in Montreal.

    Luminothérapie is the largest temporary public art installation in Quebec.

    Each year, The event presents an original, interactive and captivating winter experience in the Quartier des spectacles with a major installation at the Place des Festivals, this year being the giant whale illuminated.

    Check out the Light Therapy map to find out how to access each facility and what each activity looks like in the wonderful world of Instagram.

    Light therapy

    When: From now until February 6, 2022
    Time: Friday – Sunday, 10 a.m. – 11 p.m. Monday to Thursday, 12 p.m. to 10 p.m.
    Or: Quartier des spectacles
    Price: To free

    A look back at the history of Hutchinson | Local


    Are the winters of yesteryear not forever? The sun is beating down with the spring heat and farmers are arriving in town in wagons.

    Frankenfield Newsstand, next to the post office, allows people to get a variety of the latest and greatest literature. The best magazines can now be bought for between 10 and 25 cents, and at that price, every Hutchinson house should have a stash of good literature.

    AE Thompson and a son, Herm, fenced two lots just off Main Street with a high plank fence and will give skating-loving kids a chance to show off their heels every day and night during the winter. The rink will be flooded daily with artesian well water and will undoubtedly prove to be a popular and harmless vacation spot for young people.

    CH Rush sold the corner lot, corner of Main Street and Second Avenue South, which he bought a few years ago from the Penn-American Oil Co., with the intention of the company to build a gas station there. This company has been established in Hutchinson for several years, its reservoirs being close to Great Northern station and Ras. Jensen the local agent.

    Leonard Briggs, son of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Briggs, who has crossed the Pacific Ocean 26 times and already has a North Polar Ribbon won in Greenland, has started the greatest journey of his life. He left Norfolk, Va. On December 2 with America’s foremost polar explorer, Admiral Byrd, bound for the South Pole. Leonard, a storekeeper in his class in the Navy, called his parents at midnight to tell them the big news. It is the largest and best equipped polar expedition in history. One of the modern upgrades are icebreakers, which melt ice with steam and suck up slush with pumps. This would astonish the explorers of old. Planes, submarines, weasels, jeeps and half-tracks will all be used. Byrd takes dogs on country trips around Little America in the Arctic Circle. The fleet expects to be away for four months but will stock up for eight months. Most of the time he will be completely cut off from civilization except for the radio.

    Hutchinson will be a filming location for a $ 250,000 film at the Fourth Annual Hutchinson Grand Prix Snowmobile Races. Six scenes from the feature film “Into a Storm” will be shot before, during and after December 18th and 19th. Residents of the Hutchinson area will have the opportunity to become a film extra when the actions and reactions of the crowd are filmed. According to director Maury Hurley, the film chronicles the experiences of a young man who returns to his childhood home in northern Minnesota in search of his identity.

    Hutchinson Technology Inc. shareholders had a happier reason to be when the company’s stock price climbed $ 19.50 per share on Dec. 3, a 37% increase on one day. The action opened at $ 52.75. At closing, the price was $ 72.50. The rise in stock prices was linked to the company’s announcement that earnings are expected to far exceed earlier estimates made by financial analysts, according to Jeff Green, CEO of HTI.

    The referendum on school obligations approved by the voters and higher property values ​​are the two main reasons people are likely to see substantial school district tax increases on their 1997 statements. That was the message Support Services Director Dale Baker gave to less than a dozen residents at the Dec. 3 Tax Truth Hearing.

    A budget increase of 14% for two years is the proposal that the amalgamated colleges and universities of the state of Minnesota will present to the Legislative Assembly of Minnesota. The higher education budget of $ 2.38 billion is dependent on the approval of a request for state funding of $ 1.04 billion. The University of Minnesota’s four-college system is also asking for a substantial increase, of about 19%.

    With Mayor Torgerson in the lead, Hutchinson motorists began using the new Bluff Street Bridge at noon on December 5. Work on the bridge was halted for the winter, according to city engineer John Rodeberg, who praised the efforts of Johnson Brothers Construction of Litchfield for going the extra mile to do so. passable for traffic.

    Looking Back is a weekly column by Kay Johnson, Arts and Special Projects Editor, that highlights Hutchinson’s story. Photo submissions with captions are welcome. Contact the leader by calling Johnson at 320-753-3641 or emailing [email protected]

    Seasonal Streams: These Christmas Movies Will Brighten Up Your Vacation


    As Finals season approaches, it can be easy to spend the holiday season feeling stressed and panicked. Students can get so bogged down in their studies and work that we forget to immerse ourselves in the Christmas spirit. This season, avoid the finals season collapse by inserting a few of these Christmas classics into your study breaks – or wait to share them with your family over the winter break.

    “The Polar Express” (2004)

    This movie is a must see for anyone who grew up with it. The animation might be a bit outdated by today’s standards, but as soon as I see the train for the first time in the snow and the lights on, I feel like I have to new 8 year old, drinking cocoa and making paper snowflakes on the last day before Winter Holidays.

    “The Polar Express” follows a boy about to lose his belief in Santa Claus as he sets off on a death-defying train to the North Pole. During his trip, he makes friends, drinks hot chocolate and repeatedly meets a mysterious character (played by Tom Hanks).

    It’s the perfect movie to feel that childish rush of Christmas anticipation again, so grab your own hot chocolate and grab it HBO Max.

    “Elf” (2003)

    When the main character, Buddy the Elf, learns the reason he never made it to the North Pole (he’s a human!), He sets out to find his biological father. But when Buddy finds him in New York, he discovers that his father has lost all his Christmas cheer and spirit in favor of his demanding career in the publishing industry.

    Buddy learns to find his place in the world through romance, friendship, and connection with his new family. There’s nothing quite like Christmas in New York City, and “Elf” manages to capture that spirit perfectly with ice skating dates at Rockefeller Center and snowball fights in Central Park.

    Will Ferrell’s performance is what makes this movie so heartfelt and truly hilarious, and Buddy is a character you can really root for. Follow his adventure to bring Christmas to town by watching ‘Elf’ on HBO Max.

    “Klaus” (2019)

    Because it only came out a few years ago, “Klaus” has a lot of competition with other Christmas movies that have the nostalgia edge – but “Klaus” holds up more than his.

    After leading a spoiled and childish life, Jesper, the son of the wealthy royal postmaster, is sent to a remote village as a postman. There he is tasked with sending 6,000 letters – and if he fails, he loses his legacy.

    Finding the village, a battlefield between two cold and cruel clans, Jesper loses confidence in his ability to live up to his duty. That is until he discovers an intimidating but benevolent toy maker named Klaus, who helps boost business for the Post Office.

    The ending of “Klaus” made me sob the first time I watched it, and it really captures the importance of keeping the people who matter most to us close to us. If you need to cry for Christmas, “Klaus” is available on Netflix.

    “The corner shop” (1940)

    “The Shop Around the Corner” might not be the most obvious Christmas movie choice for a lot of people, but it’s definitely a good choice, especially if you’re looking for some holiday romance this year.

    While enemies at work, Klara and Alfred are also anonymous pen pals who share a deep connection. The two fall in love with each other – through and outside of their letter – and form a romance that may seem similar to anyone who has seen “You’ve Got Mail”, as this film originally inspired the classic of the 90s.

    Christmas is more of a substantive part of the story and not its center, so “The Shop Around the Corner” is the perfect film for anyone who wants a more subtle holiday flick. If you’re in the mood for romance, check out “The Shop Around the Corner” on HBO Max.

    “The Muppets’ Christmas Carol” (1992)

    The new take on this adaptation of Charles Dickens’ classic “A Christmas Carol” is both funny and heartwarming. Songs from the movie should be added to any Christmas music playlist, and Michael Caine gives an authentic and unforgettable performance that really makes this movie great.

    Muppet Gonzo tells the story as Dickens, alongside Rizzo the Rat as himself and Kermit and Miss Piggy as Cratchits. Watching Caine’s Scrooge change for the better and learn to celebrate the holidays with a grateful heart will make you excited for that extra sleep until Christmas.

    You can see this Muppet-filled classic on Disney +.

    “It’s a wonderful life” (1946)

    Old movies might not be for everyone, but everyone should give “It’s a Wonderful Life” a chance. All his life, George Bailey put his dreams aside to help others. The film follows George from childhood to adulthood, including when he fell in love and his current financial turmoil.

    While George thinks he has failed in life, Clarence, his guardian angel, shows him how much his life has really meant and how he has helped so many people. It’s a nice reminder of what really matters in life and lets the viewer know that “no man is a failure who has friends”.

    If you’re in the mood for a heartwarming movie that has stood the test of time, “It’s a Wonderful Life” is available at Main video.

    The holidays mean families come together – and Christmas movies are a great way to bring people together. So gather around the tree and choose a movie from that list, whether it’s a family classic or a new favorite, and live the Christmas season together.

    Melting glaciers could create thousands of miles of salmon habitat around British Columbia and Alaska by 2100 – Cranbrook Daily Townsman


    A group of researchers from British Columbia has discovered a small ray of hope for salmon populations when it comes to climate change and melting glaciers in the Pacific mountain range.

    In a study released Tuesday, December 7, Simon Fraser University researchers Kara Pitman and Jonathan Moore found retreating glaciers in western North America could create more than 6,000 kilometers of new habitat. potential for Pacific salmon by 2100. This is a distance almost equal in length to the Mississippi River.

    In their study, the researchers modeled glacier retreat under different climate change scenarios, essentially “removing ice” from 46,000 glaciers between southern British Columbia and south-central Alaska. From there, they mapped the potential salmon habitats that could be created when the underlying bedrock is exposed and new streams flow into the landscape.

    The couple discovered 315 glaciers, many in Alaska and on the BC-Alaska border, that could create desirable conditions for salmon, including ocean-accessible, low-gradient streams. with glaciers retreating to their source.

    Once conditions stabilize in the newly formed streams, salmon can colonize these areas fairly quickly, Pitman said, debunking the common misconception that all salmon return home to streams. in which they were born.

    “Most do, but some individuals will stray, migrating to new streams to spawn and, if conditions are right, the population can increase rapidly. “

    These cases of glacier retreat are already underway. In Stonefly Creek in Glacier Bay, Alaska, retreating glaciers in the late 1970s revealed spawning habitat for salmon in the new stream that was colonized in 10 years by pink salmon which rapidly declined. reached more than 5,000 breeders.

    While the newly created habitat can be a ray of light for salmon in some places, overall climate change poses serious challenges for salmon populations, the researchers warned.

    “On the one hand, this amount of new salmon habitat will provide local opportunities for some salmon populations,” Pitman said. “On the other hand, climate change and other human impacts continue to threaten the survival of salmon – via warming rivers, changing stream flows and poor ocean conditions.”

    Moore added that with climate change rapidly transforming ecosystems, their study should be used to strengthen habitat protection to secure the future of salmon.

    [email protected]
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    Climate change Salmon

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  • 100 trails of a lifetime: the world’s best ski and snowboard destinations


    Filled with beautiful National Geographic photographs, the wisdom of ski and snowboard greats, and must-have travel information, this inspiring guide brings the planet’s best skiing and snowboarding experiences to breathtaking slopes across the globe. .

    Completed with a preface by acclaimed Olympian Lindsey Vonn, is divided by interest and skill level: from cross-country routes to intermediate downhill moguls to backcountry terrains reserved for experts. With unique views, snow, and trails in mind, these pages will help you find the perfect slope to add to your bucket list.

    100 trails of a lifetime: the world’s best ski and snowboard destinations

    Take your first steps in the fresh powder on the dream trails of the Aspen Highlands in Colorado. Go on a heli-skiing adventure in Alaska. From the snow-capped Atlas Mountains, admire a breathtaking view of the Moroccan desert. Or find your favorite run on the tree-lined grounds of Hokkaido, Japan, where Siberian storms dump over 60 feet of snow each year. Plus, throughout this beautifully illustrated resource you’ll find plenty of après-ski activities including soothing hot springs in Idaho’s Sun Valley, a guided kayaking tour around icebergs and penguin colonies. in Antarctica, and a tasting of the best cuisine of the Italian Dolomites.

    Nat Geo 100 Tracks of a Lifetime, Revelstoke.
    A heli-skier passes under a ledge peak in the Columbia Mountains of Revelstoke, British Columbia. © Topher Donahue / Cavan Images
    Nat Geo 100 tracks of a lifetime.
    Twilight settles over the dazzling St. Moritz, creating a winter scene worthy of a fairy tale. © Stefano Politi Markovina / Alamy Stock Photo

    All that’s left to do is grab your skis and boards: this comprehensive guide will take you to the greatest snowplay adventures the world has to offer!

    Buy the book now here.

    Natgeo: 100 Tracks of a Lifetime, Alaska.
    Experience otherworldly landscapes on a skate through the Spencer Glacier near Portage, Alaska. © Calvin W. Hall / Design Pics Inc / Alamy Stock Photo
    Nat Geo: 100 Tracks of a Lifetime, Hawaii.
    You can find fresh snow and one-of-a-kind skiing on Mauna Kea, but keep Hawaii’s sacred history in mind. © Don Hammond / Getty Images)

    Nissan and JAXA’s prototype lunar rover is more than it looks


    Nissan has announced that it and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) are working together to develop a new prototype rover that could one day explore the surface of the moon. Nissan has been working with JAXA to improve driving controllability since January 2020. Lunar rovers face significant challenges when tasked with exploring the moon’s surface.

    Via Nissan

    One of the major challenges is the regolith that covers the surface of the moon. The material is very powdery and has a tendency to cling to anything it touches, accelerating component wear and sometimes damaging the sensors. The lunar surface also features boulders and hilly terrain that require a sufficiently controllable, powerful, and rugged rover to survive and work.

    Nissan’s work on the rover prototype focuses on the engine control technology that was developed for the LEAF electric vehicle and its e-4ORCE integral control technology used on the new Ariya electric crossover. Nissan claims that its e-4ORCE technology is an important component for the JAXA rover that helps improve performance on difficult terrain.

    Via Nissan

    Nissan’s technology helps improve vehicle wheel control over a variety of terrains, especially in sandy and harsh conditions. Lunar Regolith is not sand like we would see on a beach, but it does offer some of the same challenges to wheeled vehicles trying to explore the lunar surface. When a car is driven in sand, the wheels spin, causing them to sink into the surface, leaving the vehicle stuck.

    On Earth, if you get stuck, you can be removed. On the moon’s surface, roadside assistance is not available. So if a lunar rover gets stuck while exploring the surface, its mission is accomplished. To prevent the rover prototype from getting stuck in lunar regolith, Nissan has developed prime mover controls that minimize wheel slip depending on surface conditions.

    Via Nissan

    Nissan and JAXA jointly research and share technologies developed for the automotive market, while JAXA shares expertise in rover design and research. JAXA works with many companies, universities and research institutes on various projects and aims to apply its research to future space exploration. The research goal for Nissan is to apply what is learned in research to future high-performance lunar rovers.

    Nissan says that through its work with JAXA, it hopes to bring innovations to its vehicles that will benefit customers in the long run. The e-4ORCE technology that Nissan uses for the lunar rover was originally developed for its new Ariya electric crossover. The technology makes it possible to individually control the torque of each electric motor to improve traction during acceleration.

    Via Nissan

    Traction can be a challenge for electric vehicles because all of the torque created by the electric motor is instantly available. Cars using combustion engines need to generate torque, so less is available when cranking, which helps minimize wheel slip. Nissan’s e-4ORCE technology can also control the amount of regeneration individually for the front and rear motors during deceleration and the technology minimizes nose-down and body shaking during braking. While the technology was originally developed to help drivers on Earth navigate road conditions, including rain and snow, it also has benefits for exploring the moon’s surface.

    Nissan plans to sell its Ariya e-4ORCE model in Japan in the summer of 2022. Nissan started accepting reservations for the Ariya 2023 last month. The vehicle starts at $ 45,950, presumably before destination and handling. The base model has 238 horsepower and 221 pound-feet of torque. Upgrading to the version with e-4ORCE technology starts at $ 58,950. This version produces 389 horsepower and 442 pound-feet of torque and has a range of 265 miles. The lunar rover that JAXA and Nissan are working on does not have a launch date.

    Other lunar rovers

    Other lunar rovers are currently exploring the surface of the moon. China has placed a lunar rover on the far side of the moon. In October 2020, the Yutu-2 rover traveled the lunar surface for more than 565 meters. It had to go into standby mode during the long lunar night but performed flawlessly for its first 23 lunar days.

    The days on the lunar surface are significantly longer than on Earth. A lunar day spans 14 days on Earth, while a lunar night lasts 14 nights on Earth. The Chinese lander and rover had survived 660 Earth days on the far side of the moon as of October 2020. Earlier this year, the rover discovered a strange rock on the moon’s surface that Chinese scientists were investigating. The rock would have been ejected from a nearby crater during an impact.

    While Nissan and JAXA are working on their lunar rover, NASA is also working on moon rovers for future missions. One of these rovers is the VIPER rover designed to search for water on the lunar surface. VIPER stands for Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover and is approximately the size of a golf cart. NASA believes it will be the first rover to sample water ice at the lunar South Pole, where NASA plans to send astronauts on future Artemis program missions.

    Best Things to Do with Kids in Philly This Week


    ?? This calendar is updated every Monday with the best events of the week. You can always find it on inquirer.com/kidscalendar

    »READ MORE: Submit an event to our calendar

    Indoor holiday traditions may be back (both Nutcracker and The snack come back this week), but last year’s surge in outdoor activities extends this winter as well. Delco hosts its own pop-up ice rink. The free library hosts hours of outdoor storytelling. And Santa Claus will use his magic to appear in public spaces in Roxborough, Passyunk Square and, there is a good chance, in a mall or outdoor park near you.

    (Seasonal / in person / multi-day) An outdoor ice rink debuts at Delco, along with the required lounge, heated tent, and hot drinks. Skaters register for 90 minute sessions. 4 years and over. ($ 12 admission, $ 10 skate rental, from December 3 to 31, schedules vary, 4599 West Chester Pike, Newtown Square, flightonice.com)

    (Seasonal / in person / multiple days / free) Old Saint Nick stops by the avenue a few times this month to pose for DIY photos with humans and pets. Children can drop off Christmas wish lists in a mailbox at the Singing Fountain, which has a direct line from South Philly to the North Pole. All ages. (Free Dec. 8, 5-7 p.m., Dec. 18, 3 p.m.-5 p.m., Dec. 19, 12 p.m.-2 p.m., Tasker Street and E. Passyunk Avenue., visiteastpassyunk.com)

    (Seasonal / in person / multi-day / free) There is a lot to explore (although less to touch) among the dozens of pop-up vendors west of Town Hall at the Annual Christmas Village. On Wednesdays, the free library adds carols and a vacation-inspired story hour at LOVE Park. 3-5 years. (Free on Dec. 8, 15, 22, 11 a.m., 1600, boulevard JFK, facebook.com)

    (Seasonal / Virtual / Free) Fairmount Park’s historic mansion, Cedar Grove, broadcasts a live colonial kids cooking show with a historical twist, including explaining what plum pudding is to Generation Alphas. Registration closes December 9 at noon. 6-12 years old. (Pay what you want, December 10, 3:30 p.m. – 4:30 p.m., philamuseum.org)

    (Food / in person) Buy a Gingerbread House or Sugar Cookie House Kit at the Cafe at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and you’ll get entry for two to learn how to build it ($ 50 to $ 55 per kit), with cocoa and hot Cider. Entrance to the museum not included. 5 years and over. ($ 25 for those 19 and over, $ 23 for those 65 and over, $ 14 for students with ID, free for those 18 and under on December 10, from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m., 2600 Benjamin Franklin Pkwy., philamuseum.org)

    »READ MORE: Find more to do with our weekly events calendar

    (Dance / in person / several days) Same tradition, different protocol. Anyone visiting the Balanchine-by-way-of-Philadelphia-Ballet tradition will be required to show full proof of vaccination (guests 12 and older) or a negative COVID lab test (guests 11 and under). Sold out opening night. 4 years and over. ($ 25 to $ 220, from December 10 to 31, 240 S. Broad St., philadelphiaballet.org)

    (Seasonal / In-Person / Free) Every neighborhood should throw a holiday launch party as fun as the Ridge Avenue party event. The afternoon brings visits from Santa Claus and Snow Queen Elsa, live dance performances, Rudolph ornament making, mailing of wish lists and lots of goodies. 2 years and over. (Free, Dec. 11, 2 p.m. to 6 p.m., 6170 Ridge Ave, roxboroughpa.com)

    (Dance / in person / over several days) The Lady Hoofers resume their lively, tap-dancing performance of Nutcracker, taking place in Paris and with a score including Tchaikovsky and Ellington. Proof of COVID vaccination or negative PCR test within 72 hours of entry required. 4 years and over. (Dec 11, 3 p.m. to 4:30 p.m., 7 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. & Dec. 12, 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., 480 S. Broad St., ladyhoofers.org)

    »READ MORE: Our Top Tips for Philly: Read Our Most Helpful Stories

    (Seasonal / in person / multiple days / free) The Wanamaker Building resumes holiday activities, in part asking fans of Dickens Village to reserve seats to navigate the dimly lit hallways where animatronic dolls play A Christmas Carol. Father Christmas is only available by virtual arrangement. In December, Macy’s Favorite Light Show will be once a day (December 1-31). 5 years and over. (Dickens Village: until December 23, 10:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m., hours vary December 24, 26-31, 1300 market street, macys.com)

    (Seasonal / in person / multiple days / free) Until December, the Wanamaker building hosts once a day its iconic dancing light show, narrated by Julie Andrews, accompanied by an organ. Masks mandatory, social distancing rules in force. Schedules subject to change. 2 years and over. (Free, Dec 1-24, 10:30 a.m., Dec 26-31, 11:30 a.m., 1300 market street, macys.com)

    (Science / in person / kid-friendly / multi-day) There have always been steam trains at the Franklin Institute, but until the end of the year a new exhibit is adding tracks and cars are adding even more steam to the collection. The models loop around a 25 foot heavenly tree. 2-14 years old. ($ 23 for ages 12 and over, $ 19 for ages 3 to 11, free for ages 2 and under, until December 31, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Wednesday to Sunday, 222 N. 20th St., fi.edu)

    (Seasonal / in person / free / several days) After dark, multicolored projections transform the west facade of the town hall, adding to the magic of the ice rink and the winter garden. All ages. (Free, until January 1, from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. on weekdays, until 10 a.m. on weekends, 15th and Market Sts., centrecityphila.org)

    (Seasonal / in person / kid-friendly / multi-day) Montco convention center unveils a new indoor winter wonderland with synthetic ice rink (30-minute sessions at a time, admission $ 5 to $ 10, rental of $ 10 skates), a million-bulb Liberty Bell, pictures with Santa Claus (and, on Thursdays, Gritty), and enough decorations to make a Hallmark Christmas movie feel underdressed. 2 years and over. ($ 20 to $ 30 for ages 13 and over, $ 14 to $ 23 for ages 5 to 12, free for ages 4 and under, until January 2, 2022, dates and times vary, Perkiomen Mill Loop, Oaks, tinseltownholiday.com)

    (Theater / in person / in progress) Return to the seats and Under the sea, Walnut Street returns for kids with one of Disney’s biggest hits, starring Diana Huey as Ariel. Proof of vaccination for children 12 and over, negative COVID-19 test for children 11 and under, and government-issued photo ID for those 18 and over are required. ($ 25 to $ 175, until January 2, 2022, 825 Walnut Street, walnut treestreetheatre.org)

    (Seasonal / in-person / kid-friendly / multi-day) The lush groves and trees on the edge of Chestnut Hill get an extra dose of kid-friendly appeal when Morris dresses up and reopens his G-scale trains for the holidays . The setup is even more magical on weekends after dusk, when reservations are recommended. Ages 1+. ($ 20 for ages 18 and over, $ 18 for those 65 and over, $ 10 for ages 3 to 17, free for ages 2 and under, until January 2, 2022 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. 100 E. Northwestern Ave., morrisarboretum.org)

    (Seasonal / in person / over multiple days) Cuddly singing and swaying trees and characters draw kids into the holiday magic at Elmo’s house, Big Bird – you know the others. A family zone provides a warm place near fireplaces, hot chocolate, cookie decorating and other Sesame friends. The rides, shops and snacks are open. The water park is not. 0-7 years old. ($ 89.99 for one-day tickets, $ 99.99 for two-day tickets, free 23 months and under, until January 2, 100 Sesame Road, Langhorne, sesameplace.com)

    (Seasonal / in person / over multiple days) When the animals lie down, a million lights come on throughout the zoo. Ticket holders discover trees made of butterflies, flamingos and an octopus, walk through an aquarium-like tunnel, encounter 200 electric penguins, and encounter many more light bulbs transformed into ethereal spaces and larger-than-life creatures . ($ 25 12 years old and over, $ 20 2-11 years old, free for children under 2 years old, until January 9, hourly admission from 5:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m., 3400 West, avenue Girard., philadelphiazoo.org)

    (Museum / in person / over multiple days) Dorothy, Toto and their friends visit Memorial Hall for three months, taking games and Miss Gulch’s bike with them. Reservations required. 1-10 years. ($ 19, free for children under 1, until January 12, from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., 4231 Republic Avenue, pleasetouchmuseum.org)

    (Seasonal / in person / multi-day / free) Visibly sparkling from Vine Street Freeway, Franklin Square lights up to the sound of holiday music every half hour (daily from 5 p.m.). Customers should plan to set aside a few dollars for a carousel ride, mini-golf ($ 8 to $ 15), and cocoa, fortified or not. All ages. (Free, until February 27, Sun-Thu 10 am-9pm, Fri-Sat 10 am-10pm, 200 N. Sixth Street, historicphiladelphia.org)

    (Seasonal / In-Person / Multi-Day) It’s time to put on your skates and welcome winter to Dilworth Park. Skaters of all ages can enjoy sessions on the rink and lounge in the cabin for hot drinks and food. Reservations and masks are encouraged. ($ 5 to $ 17, until February 27, 1 S. 15th Street., centrecityphila.org)

    (Seasonal / in person / kid friendly / multi day) Winterfest reopens to glide (and wobble) around the outdoor rink, play carnival games and hang out by the fire. 4 years and over. (RiverRink: $ 5 admission, $ 10 skate rental, until March 6, 2022, 101 S. Columbus Blvd., delawareriverwaterfront.com)

    (Science / in person / over several days) Water from very near and far, as interpreted by scientists, artists and artist-scientists, gives viewers a new insight into the daily magic of two-thirds of our earth and 60% of our body. ($ 20- $ 22 adults, $ 16- $ 18 children, free for members and under 2, until April 17, hours vary, 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway., ansp.org)

    »READ MORE: Our Top Tips for Philly: Read Our Most Helpful Stories

    A climber receives jewelry he found on a French glacier 50 years after a plane crash | France


    A treasure of emeralds, rubies and sapphires buried for decades on a glacier off Mont Blanc in France was ultimately shared between the climber who discovered them and local authorities, eight years after their discovery.

    The climber stumbled upon the gems in 2013. They had remained hidden in a metal box that was on board an Indian plane that crashed into the desolate landscape some 50 years earlier.

    “The stones were split this week” into two equal lots worth around € 150,000 ($ 169,000) each, said Chamonix Mayor Eric Fournier.

    He was “very happy” that the events ended, he said, in particular for the mountaineer whom he praised for his “integrity” in handing his discovery to the police, as required by law.

    After being informed that he would receive some of the jewelry earlier this year, the climber says Le Parisien newspaper, he “didn’t regret being honest” and that he would use some of the money to renovate his apartment.

    Two Air India planes crashed into Mont Blanc in 1950 and 1966.

    Over the years, climbers have regularly found debris, baggage and human remains from both planes.

    Authorities believe the gemstones likely came from the 1966 flight, which was en route from Mumbai to New York. The Boeing 707, coming from Mumbai, crashed on the southwest face of Mont Blanc on January 24, 1966.

    The accident killed 117 people, including the pioneer of India’s nuclear program, Homi Jehangir Bhabha.

    In September 2012, India took possession of a bag of diplomatic mail from the theft and last year the melting ice of the Bossons glacier of Mont Blanc revealed copies of Indian newspapers with headlines from the time where Indira Gandhi became Indian Prime Minister.

    Human remains found in the area in 2017 are also believed to come from the 1966 crash or that of the other Indian plane, the Malabar Princess, which crashed in 1950..

    With Agence France Presse

    Everything you wanted to know about Wisconsin payday loans online and you were also embarrassed to find out about


    Everything you wanted to know about Wisconsin payday loans online and you were also embarrassed to find out about

    LendUp was established in 2012 as a good number of payday advances that could help buyers break the cycle of financial obligation with excessive interest rates. At the end of 2005, California had 2,445 payday loan stores. The industry then consolidated, making 2,119 stores at the end of 2011. But the amount loaned has grown from $ 2.6 billion to $ 3.3 billion over the duration and number of stores. subscribers rose from 1.4 million to 1.7 million. The $ 12.4 million payday advance loan produced in 2011 averaged $ 263, with a median name of 17 times. The increased license price is in addition to the aforementioned APR of 460 pc for a two week loan. While there is absolutely no specialist information on the actual spend billed, the stores we tested are on average near the best.

    Ideas on Payday Loans Effortlessly Wisconsin Techniques

    Their HR section can reduce your exam for all the days you worked to help you in a pinch, or they can promote a raise, in fact, it’s usually free or very cheap. If you work for a large corporation like House Depot or McDonalds, you may be able to cash in some of your own salary earned through the use of an app like Earnin (formerly Activehours). Earnin is actually officially free, but it’s really funded by a fair payment system, so you might need to invest a dollar or two to help save the lights. Chime (a bank) additionally offers its employees quick access to direct deposit (although this takes several days to verify).

    One downside to payday advances is that they provide the lending company with the means to access their bank account. Just in case you default, the lender can certainly make computerized distributions from the lender which could create overdraft fees and also have an effect on your credit rating. We offer online installment financing in Wisconsin. There is no compound interest. You tell us all exactly what to use (between four hundred and one hundred dollars). Be sure to understand the financial advance regards.

    Despite these advantages, however, it might be safer to research various alternative choices. a secured credit card or a personal mortgage may be a better choice, as they sometimes have lower interest rates. In addition, there are apps like Earnin that allow you to collect part of the salary before payday.

    No, it’s not exactly a payday loan. A payday home loan is a short-term home loan where you usually have to pay off the loan in full on your next payday. This is an installment mortgage, fundamentally totally different because unlike a quick payday loan, no lump sum cost is essential. With an installment mortgage, you pay back the borrowed funds directly in installments until they are actually paid off.

    Biggest downside to working with LendUp, give it a try, their attention rate was sky-high. For anyone who aspires to combine excessive interest personal debt into an innovative new mortgage and save a lot of money around the process, you might not find that kind of help with LendUp. The main goal of the organization is to help buyers earn their own money outside of the routine of payday loans through a responsible credit need. Unfortunately, they would have to top up at a higher rate to make up for all the astronomical danger they are in.

    Normally, installment mortgage brokers will hold back such ideas if their particular fees are high. Nonetheless, too much expense should be expected by the lender as there are no credit score inspections on personal payday advances in Wisconsin online. Also, the loans it offers are unsecured, which shows that debtors should not need to post collateral again in the mortgage.

    At the back of the website, you will only see a few other aspects of the information and beneficial printing to complete the web page. Evergreen Agencies Says: Nothing like other lending agencies, we offer versatile spending options that allow our own clients to increase control over their finances. Also, you will find that the majority of tribal loan providers have a long range of claims that they will not work on, but Evergreen companies have a fairly short record.

    When you have a bank card yourself, in fact one with extremely extreme interest, use it as a replacement for an instant payday loan. In addition, a cash advance from a bank card has a lower interest rate compared to the performance of a growth credit installment loan. Installed in 1978, master of Kash tries out an agency of economic providers specializing in installment financing. Its headquarters are located in Missouri, Kansas. But over the years, it has expanded its activities to cover several other reports.

    This is the most important condition to consider when focusing on taking out a short term home loan. As mentioned, payday loans are granted faster than various types of loans (mortgages etc.) but the condition is that the finances will come at a much higher cost.

    In 2016, LendUp was fined over $ 6 million in cash, including $ 1.8 million paid by the Bureau of Consumer Money Protection and an effective amount of $ 100,000 for violating the legal guidelines of the California Division of Business Monitoring. LendUp took the risk of inflating interest rates, and charged debtors who got their own money the same day it was made today. In addition, he charged debtors additional fees for WI payday loan that they asked to extend their own repayment cycle from 15 to 1 month. LendUp said it had financial loans found in the 50 plus issues, if the vast majority of debt was already available to you in California. Finally, this provider assured that he could associate a good financial attitude with the three credit bureaus to help customers improve their credit scores and never has. All of these practices occurred between the many years from 2012 to 2014, using the payday loan locations in South Carolina various fines from 2016.

    More rain than snow in the Arctic – in 30 to 60 years

    More rain than snow in the Arctic – in 30 to 60 years

    The rain is coming earlier than expected. In 30 to 60 years, it will rain more than snow in the North Polar region. This is decades earlier than expected. Even if global warming remains below the 1.5 degree limit, this trend is unlikely to change. The previous scenarios assumed that the rain would push back the summer and fall snowfall only later, namely between 2070 and 2090.

    Researchers in Canada have come to this disturbing conclusion from the University of Manitoba and the National Snow and Ice Data Center in the United States. They talk about it in the journal “Nature Communications”.

    That the pattern of precipitation in polar regions would change with increasing global warming was already evident in the 2019 IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere. However, scientists have adapted the newly developed precipitation models. more precisely to the physical conditions of the north polar region. In doing so, they clarified the effects of the IPCC scenarios. The result: more precipitation will soon fall over the Arctic, which is almost exclusively due to increased precipitation in summer and fall. In winter it remains with snow.

    It will first hit the Arctic Ocean, Siberia and the northern Canadian island world. In the Atlantic sector of the North Polar region, that is to say in Greenland and the Barents Sea on both sides of the Svalbard archipelago, the evolution is already being measured today. Only a decade or two later, it will rain more on the Pacific side of the Arctic, that is, in Alaska, eastern Siberia, the Beaufort and Chukchi seas. The consolation is that snowfall will dominate here for a long time to come, even if global warming approaches three degrees by the end of the century.

    How can Germany become climate neutral? How can AI improve climate models? And: what is behind negative emissions? MIT Technology Review’s Current Climate Special revolves around these and other questions (now available at well-stocked newsagents).

    • Order TR in the heise store

    As always with climatic phenomena, the reason is the complicated coupling of physical conditions. Ice loss, which has progressed for decades, exposes increasingly large areas of water in summer and fall, from which more moisture can rise. At the same time, the lower atmosphere gets hotter and hotter and thus stores more humidity. It rises, drifts towards the pole and rains towards the north. Thus, the water cycle changes radically and thus influences ecosystems and biodiversity, and ultimately also the living conditions of the four million people who live here and mostly belong to indigenous peoples.

    Further south, the amount of rainfall is more dependent on the overall temperature trend. In western Russia and Europe, for example, there won’t be much more rainfall until global warming approaches the two-degree limit. In Greenland, however, this can occur at around 1.5 degrees of global warming.

    It is true that it will continue to snow more on the central Greenland ice sheet, which could compensate for the loss of ice on the edges. But in the south and on the coasts, the rain replaces the snow. The tongues of glaciers protruding into the sea then become more rapidly unstable, break and melt. This loss of ice is then probably greater than the increase due to more snow inside.

    More rain in arctic regions has profound consequences everywhere, warn the authors of the study. When the snow season shortens, the dark surface of the continent and the sea absorbs heat from the sun instead of reflecting it in snow and ice. The well-known consequence: Permafrost soils thaw and more climate-damaging methane escapes, which in turn further stimulates global warming.

    For caribou, reindeer and muskox, it becomes dramatic when rain falls on the snow and forms a thin layer of ice. If the animals try to scrape mosses, lichens and fungi from under the snow with their hooves, they injure themselves so badly on the sharp-edged sheet of ice that they die. For the polar natives, a catastrophe which is already not uncommon today. Because it is especially the two species of deer, the caribou and the reindeer, which are their livelihood.

    More water from above also causes the already huge rivers of Siberia and northern Canada to rise. Downstream, this leads to flooding which not only tears apart villages, paths, roads, power lines and pipelines, but also breaks up sea ice on the coast, which then melts more quickly.

    More from MIT Technology Review

    More from MIT Technology Review

    More from MIT Technology Review

    More from MIT Technology Review

    But the effects of more rain in the Arctic can still be felt far south in the Atlantic. After all, this means that even more fresh water is entering the sea than it already does through melting sea ice. It forms a layer over the salty and heavier water of the ocean and can disrupt the circulation of the North Atlantic and the foothills of the Gulf Stream.

    In no other region of the world is climate change progressing as rapidly as in the Arctic. Since 1971, it has warmed three times faster than the rest of the earth, as documented by the Arctic Council’s monitoring program in a report. This council is an intergovernmental forum for all neighboring countries and indigenous peoples around the Arctic Ocean. He follows the evolution of the climate around the Arctic Ocean very closely and says in the report that the Arctic has warmed by more than three degrees since 1971, while the average temperature of the rest of the world has only increased. than about a degree. Heat records are also on the rise, as was the case this year, when temperatures in parts of northern Siberia reached over 30 degrees Celsius in May, while it was still uncomfortably cool in central Europe.

    But there are also winners, as the Arctic Council’s project for the conservation of arctic flora and fauna shows: namely migratory birds who already dare to build their breeding grounds a little further north. And of course also economic speculators who hope for more convenient access to precious minerals or even more arable land on the still frozen ground.


    Disclaimer: This article is generated from the feed and not edited by our team.

    Obituary of SAMUEL RAYMOND (1928 – 2021) – Falmouth, MA


    RAYMOND, Samuel Otis Adventurer, inventor and oceanographic engineer, dies at age 93 From ice diving at the North Pole with the National Geographic Society to exploring ancient Tibetan culture with his daughter, Sam Raymond has led a full life adventures, trips around the world, endless curiosity and innovation. Son of inventor Horace Raymond, Sam graduated from MIT with a BS in Mechanical Engineering in 1950. After graduation, he worked with his former teacher and mentor, Dr Harold Edgerton, eventually leading the Division of Mechanical Engineering. ocean products at EG&G. His love for the ocean, his interest in photography, and his skills as a mechanical engineer led Sam to found Benthos Undersea Systems in North Falmouth, MA in 1962. Benthos became a leader in the design and manufacture of equipment for ocean science and underwater photography. Sam and Benthos have contributed to many important oceanographic research expeditions for organizations such as the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute and the National Geographic Society. Benthos equipment was used to capture the first photographs of the wreck of the RMS Titanic at the bottom of the sea, as well as filming underwater footage for James Cameron’s film Titanic. Sam enjoyed scuba diving, skiing, caving, hiking, trail biking, travel and music, playing jazz on the piano and clarinet. His urge to travel has taken him to travel the world, often with little more than a small backpack and his trusty ukulele, traveling by bus and staying in hostels. Driven by boundless curiosity, Sam enjoyed tinkering, figuring out how things work, and imagining ways to make them work better. He was curious, creative, and unafraid to risk failure, convinced that he could solve any problem and leave the world in a better place than he found it. Sam is survived by his children Eric, Vaun, Nixie and Monica; his brother Georges; brother-in-law Jack Heinzmann; grandsons Morgan and Jesse; and his first wife Heidi, the mother of his children. He was predeceased by his wife Holly Nichols Raymond, his brother Richard and his sister Jean Heinzmann. To watch a two part video biography of Sam, Google “The Adventures of Sam Raymond”. For a full obituary and guestbook, visit https://beautifultribute.com/samuel-otis-raymond/ A Celebration of Life will be scheduled for summer 2022 in North Falmouth, MA. See the guestbook on the above website for more details.

    See the Samuel Otis RAYMOND online memorial

    Published by Boston Globe December 4-5, 2021.

    Acoustics and air bubbles could help researchers monitor melting glaciers


    Image credits: Hari Vishnu.

    As temperatures continue to rise, glaciers continue to melt – it’s a given. However, tracking exactly how and when glaciers melt is a whole new problem, and it has been a difficult one for years. But a team of researchers may have a solution.

    Hari Vishnu, from the National University of Singapore, Grant Deane, from the Scripps Institute of Oceanography, and their research team have found that melting ice releases distinct pressurized bubbles that can be detected acoustically.

    “In tidal glacial bays such as the ones we studied in Svalbard, the ice lost by the glacier is mainly due to submarine melting and glacier calving,” Vishnu told ZME Science. “The underwater soundscape in a frequency band of 1 to 3 kHz is dominated by the sound of the submarine melting of glacial ice and the subsequent release of pressurized bubbles within that ice. “

    The air trapped under the glacier creates more and more pressure, retaining air bubbles that can reach pressures of up to 20 atmospheres of pressure; when the ice melts, these bubbles are released and produce detectable sounds.

    The main idea is that a faster fusion creates a faster release of bubbles, and therefore more sound.

    “So we’re aiming to reverse that sound to try to get some information on the rate of ice melt. Sound cues have been used in the past to estimate the amount of ice lost due to calving as well, and now we are focusing our efforts on the other component, which is submarine melt.

    Image credits: Hari Vishnu.

    The acoustic intensity of this release depends on various parameters (including the geometry of the glacier / ocean interface, the temperature and the salt composition of the water and ice), but this intensity can also offer clues about the way the ice melts. Specifically, glaciers melt faster when exposed to warmer water, causing bubbles to come out stronger and faster.

    “This discovery is exciting and significant because it tells us that the sound measured in the bay contains clues to the rate of underwater melting, and that in the future it is possible for us to develop techniques based on it. ‘listen to this sound to monitor the melting rate on these glaciers,’ adds Vishnu.

    Researchers use a vertical array of sound sensors to profile the underwater sound of a bay. It’s like an acoustic underwater camera, explains Vishnu, but acoustically only “images” in the vertical direction. The sound of the glacier melting arrives horizontally, so that other sounds can be filtered out. Ultimately, after some signal processing, researchers can remove unwanted noise and other effects and gain insight into how the ice melts.

    In the long term, the method could be used to study glaciers over a large area, as sound can travel long distances underwater. It would allow long-term monitoring and is relatively easy to deploy and use, the researchers said.

    “Our long-term goal is to establish long-term sound recording stations in the glaciers around Greenland and Svalbard to monitor their ice loss and stability. But there are challenges in getting to a point where we can do it on such a large scale with precision and using a system that can operate autonomously, and the results we have reported are a first step towards that. stage. “

    If confirmed (the study has not yet been published in a peer-reviewed journal), this remote sensing method could be an important method not only in terms of climate change, but also in reducing the risk to boats. to move in glacial areas.

    “There is sometimes ice that calves glacier terminus, which means there is a possibility of ice falling on your head or backing up under your boat if you try to approach the area around the terminus. A monitoring method capable of evaluating the loss of ice from a distance is therefore necessary ”, concludes Vishnu.

    The results were presented at the 181st meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, which will be held from November 29 to December 31. 3, Hayden Johnson.

    Smart Credit Score Urges Australians to Fight Payday Financing


    Smart Credit Score Urges Australians to Fight Payday Financing

    Sydney, Australian Continent, August 18, 2015: Customer support, from a credit score perspective, has actually required a better understanding of the risks associated with payday credit and its potentially adverse effect on economic well-being long-term Australian consumers.

    Research shows that consumers experience a drop of $ 228 after a month after using a payday loan provider compared to your own overdraft. [1]

    In light of the forthcoming summary of federal regulations on payday loan providers after a recent ASIC document [2] , Dirk Hofman, Managing Director of Credit Scoring, Savvy is concerned that Australians may be drawn to payday lenders’ wish for quick money, not realizing that it can have bad long-term results on the track record of detected credit and financial well-being.

    Household financial obligation has hit an all-time high, and more than 1/2 of Australians found they had a financial shortfall between their own paydays last year. [3]So payday loans are presented in user-friendly packaging to look like a convenient option, Mr. Hofman said. However, research suggests that Australians really need to be careful with the significant costs associated with these debts.

    Credit Rating Savvy has learned that in many cases, if a consumer borrows $ 1,000 from a payday lender, they will owe the financial institution $ 1,240 in one month, or $ 240 in fees and charges. ‘interest after a given period. [4].

    However, when using a $ 1,000 private overdraft which is often because inexpensive like $ 12 in fees and interest after a month, a client can cut down to $ 228 compared to a payday loan. instantaneous. [5].

    Another substitute for a payday loan are credit card cash advances. Attracting a $ 1,000 cash advance can only cost $ 28 after a month [6].

    Consumers also may not know the results of payday lenders on credit scores. An online payday loan application is usually given a unique weighting compared to other types of credit score when a credit revealing human anatomy determines an individual’s credit rating and could potentially lower it. Smart Credit Rating provides Australians with free access to their Experian credit rating and is an advocate for positive credit action.

    We are thirsty for Australians to try and stay away from payday lenders. Since credit score applications stay on their credit report for about 5 years, you will have to ask yourself if I absolutely want this payday loan program to show up on my credit report in certain years when a bank actually reviews my. vehicle or mortgage application? The danger is that it could narrow your credit options over time, said Hofman.

    The US government’s review of payday lenders is expected to come down to the end of the entire year.

    Best Methods of Credit Savvys:

    * Try to avoid using payday loan providers by anticipating and having a reasonable budget.

    * If you are in a difficult situation, talk to your credit company, most of them have actually committed financial hardship teams. They may be able to offer you the choice like a repayment vacation, or an extension of the phase of your mortgage.

    * always check and monitor your credit score

    * Do your homework, look around and consider switching providers, or an alternative credit solution (for example an overdraft or an individual line of credit and sometimes even a cash loan on your own bank card)

    * Do not create too many credit programs (credit cards, financing) structure quickly

    * Consider using free information eg self help and hardship loans. People can contact an independent monetary advisor free of charge by calling 1800 007 007.

    * Learn more about payday lenders here.

    Note to editors:

    [1] IMB private credit line since 08/11/2015 [2] Payday loan providers and the new touch financing arrangements, percentage of Australian securities and financial investments, March 17, 2015 [3] ING Direct Index of household monetary well-being, April 2014 [4] fund converts the cash advance loan, the LoanRanger advance loan, the nimble cash loan, the sun lending centers lending expenses cleanly by 11/8/2015. This certainly matches the regulated coverage of 20% establishment fee and 4% monthly fee. [5] IMB personal line of credit by 08/11/2015. [6] ME Frank Credit Card Cash Advance

    About Credit Wise

    Smart Credit Score is actually a completely free web service provider that helps Australians understand their credit profile and how they can manage it. They use data from the Experian credit scoring muscles to grant Australians free access to their particular credit history, Bad Credit Payday Loans Fort Walton Beach Florida monthly re-scores at no cost while having the power to track their own long-term rating and receive notifications for any critical changes to their Experian credit report.

    Changes to your Australian privacy work in 2014 resulted in much more detail about each consumer’s credit rating behavior in their particular credit history, particularly credit limitations and l ‘payment history. By doing this, the Australian continent is moving towards an overall credit rating that has been followed in other countries including the United States, Great Britain, and New Zealand. About 80% of credit-spirited Australians don’t learn their own credit score.

    All-new Celebrity Summit routes revealed for 2023


    In 2019 Celebrity summit became the second Celebrity Cruises ship to be revolutionized as part of the company’s $ 500 million fleet-wide upgrade program. With over a year of downtime, guests haven’t had much time to enjoy the ship, which is why it’s great news that Celebrity has unveiled epic Northern Cruises aboard the ship in 2023.

    The traditional change of leaves in New England, lobsters in Maine, experience French culture in Quebec, Bermuda cruises, and Martha’s Vineyard all lead on what will be two epic cruises to Iceland and Greenland.

    Visit the “Great White North”

    For some, the Caribbean is the dream cruise destination; others prefer destinations more off the beaten track. It’s good to see that Celebrity Cruises covers both groups with its range of ships.

    Of course, there are the smaller expedition ships such as the Xpedition class ships sailing the Galapagos Islands. However, for those who wish to explore the east coast of the United States and Canada and further explore the Atlantic Ocean, the new cruises on board Celebrity summit are a great fit.

    Photo credit: Mystic Stock Photography / Shutterstock.com

    Celebrity summit will embark on a series of 7 to 12-night cruises, sailing to some of the North Atlantic’s most sought-after cruise destinations. Before heading north in 2023, the ship will first take several cruises visiting Bermuda, Charleston and Martha’s Vinyard.

    In August 2023, he will start from Cap Liberty, New Jersey, and Reykjavik in Iceland and Greenland. The first cruise will depart New Jersey on August 6. After a day at sea, the ship will call in Halifax, Nova Scotia, followed by the beautiful town of St. Johns, Newfoundland.

    After that, the ship will sail to Greenland with a stopover in Qaqortoq, the largest city in southern Greenland. A day of scenic boating and possibly iceberg and wildlife viewing in Prince Christian Sound, where guests can take in the beautiful scenery for the cruise, with mountains reaching 4000 feet and jutting glaciers gradually towards the sea.

    Qaqurtoq, Greenland
    Qaqurtoq, Greenland (Photo credit: MrLis / Shutterstock)

    Also Read: Carnival Cruise Line Adds Second Greenland Cruise Due To Huge Demand

    All of this will end with stops at Akureyri and Isafjordur, both in Iceland. Guests will disembark from the ship again in Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland. The next cruise, August 19, will follow the same route in reverse.

    Canada and New England

    Once Celebrity summit concluding her Greenland and Iceland cruises, she will embark on a series of cruises from Boston that will explore the beautiful northeastern coast of the United States and also visit stunning ports in Canada.

    This 11-night vacation sails round-trip from Boston and visits ports such as Rockland, Maine, Bar Harbor, Halifax, Sydney, Charlottetown and the capital of French culture and flavor in North America, Quebec, where the ship will be for two. days and one night.

    Celebrity Summit Cruise Ship
    Photo credit: Carlos Yudica / Shutterstock.com

    “The beauty of travel is how it rewards you with unlimited variety, rewarding experiences and a deeper understanding of other cultures,” said Lisa Lutoff-Perlo, President and CEO of Celebrity Cruises. “It makes me so happy to announce routes like Celebrity summit for 2023, as it offers our clients opportunities to immerse themselves in everything from Bermuda island life to the beautiful surroundings of the Canadian coast.

    In February 2019, the 91,000 gross tonnes built in 2001 Celebrity summit underwent Celebrity’s fleet-wide Revolution program. The $ 500 million upgrades have involved significant changes on board, from upgrades to restaurants, lounges and cabins, to ship interior updates, to the addition of The Retreat for guests. completely redesigned suites and a spa and casino for the ship’s 2,158 passengers.

    Until there, Celebrity Summit, Millenium, Equinox, and Celebrity Silhouette have undergone the Revolution program, while plans are on the table to upgrade Celebrity constellation, infinity, eclipse, solstice, and Celebrity Reflection by 2023.

    Celebrity Summit Cruise Ship

    Part of southern Washington will close today and tomorrow for Merry Market


    South Washington Avenue between Main Street and Elm Street will be closed to traffic today and Saturday for the Merry Market, Main Street El Dorado has announced.

    The event will run from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Saturday and will offer a wide variety of jewelry, clothing, seasonal items, children’s books, holiday treats, crafts and more for sale through temporary vendors, pop-up shops and retailers. downtown merchants.

    Beth Brumley, executive director of MSE, said the section of Washington Avenue between Main and Elm will be blocked off today as vendors begin to settle in for the event.

    Admission to the Merry Market is $ 5.

    Entrance fee comes with a canvas tote bag; entry into the reception tent, which will include food and will be heated; a ticket to the door prize draws that will take place throughout the day; and a “passport” to be stamped by downtown businesses and Merry Market vendors when shopping.

    Passports will be entered into a grand prize draw in which one lucky participant will win a $ 200 shopping spree at participating downtown businesses and four tickets to MAD on Ice.

    Ticket holders must be present to win prizes.

    For an additional $ 10, attendees can experience the North Pole from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. on the west side (Washington Avenue) of the Union County Courthouse.

    The North Pole experience includes photos with Santa Claus – and possibly the Grinch – and a bag of “reindeer food”, a bag with oats, birdseed, sprinkles and a note with instructions on how to prepare for Santa’s arrival on Christmas Eve.

    Proceeds from the Merry Market will go to the Arkansas Women’s Business Center, which helps entrepreneurs, especially women and minorities, start a business.

    The AWBC has canceled its annual Mistletoe Market, a fundraiser, due to the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19).

    In addition to shopping for the holidays and helping the AWBC, people who attend Merry Market can also help a Union County resident.

    A blood drive will be organized in support of Marie Reynolds, 15, of Norphlet.

    Reynolds suffers from aplastic anemia, a rare condition in which the body is unable to produce new blood cells, making the patient more susceptible to infections and internal bleeding.

    “She had to spend weeks out of school receiving treatment at the Arkansas Children’s Hospital and receiving platelet infusions to stabilize her blood supply,” Dr. Ken Bridges, professor of history and in Geography at South Arkansas Community College and Resident Historian for South Arkansas. Historical Preservation Society, wrote in a column in the News-Times earlier this week.

    During the Merry Market, a LifeShare Blood Centers donation bus will be parked at 116 N. Washington. The blood donations will be used, in part, as a replenishment for Reynolds.

    LifeShare donor t-shirts will be distributed to attendees while supplies last.

    For more information, visit www.mainstreeteldorado.org or the MSE Facebook page. Also call the MSE office at 870-862-4747. Leave a message if there is no response.

    To reach LifeShare in El Dorado, call 870-444-4750.

    10+ Recommendations for a Getaway to Greenville, SC


    Falls Park on the Reedy | Photo by Vanzeppelin Aerial for VisitGreenvilleSC

    Fancy a vacation or need to take a break after hosting a big family reunion while on vacation?

    Maybe you are looking for a romantic weekend or to finally use it experiential holiday gift. Whatever your motivation, a getaway to Greenville, South Carolina (house for GVL today) is the one you are looking forward to all year.

    At this time of year, Greenville is more like red-and-greenville. Its bustling downtown streets are decorated in a holiday decor and packed with activities that the whole family can enjoy (think: ice skating + hot chocolate).

    To help you plan, we made a list (and double checked) hotel recreation + must-see vacation activities in Greenville, SC if you want to travel this season:

    AC Hotel Greenville, 315 S Main St.

    • Details: One block from downtown GVL iconic Falls Park, AC Greenville Hotel is in the heart of downtown. Take a peek at the Main Street window displays as local retailers festively decorate their storefronts for the year Main Street Window Decorating Competition. ️
    • Advantages: It is located about half a block from the United Community Bank Ice on Main. Put on your skates and enjoy the holiday spirit by spinning under the stars at Ice Cream on Hand (a mini replica of Rockefeller Center) while you warm up with hot chocolate, coffee + treats. Pro tip: Buy your ticket in advance – $ 10 per adult, $ 8 for children ages 4 to 12. ??

    Greenville Marriott, One Parkway East

    • Details: Located just off The Parkway, the Greenville Marriott is ~ 20 minutes from the Mauldin Cultural Center. Visit this month for their Christmas at the beach, featuring live beach-style holiday music, a holiday market, photos with Santa, annual tree lighting + a few cheery extras that will help lift your spirits.
    • Advantages: Do you have pets? No need to leave your furry family members at home for the holidays. They are welcome at the Greenville Marriott.

    Need more options? We’ve rounded up over 5 additional vacation getaway activities and hotels we think christmas love.

    • Details: If a round of golf on Christmas morning seems like the best gift ever, this is where you will want to book your stay. Channel your inner Dustin Johnson at the Verdae Reserve, a championship golf course located right next to the station.
    • Advantages: There is an on-site restaurant with a outdoor bar + fireplace for real vibrations of roasted chestnuts on an open fire.
    • Details: Wake up on Christmas morning in your suite and enjoy your coffee on a balcony overlooking the rooftops of the city center or your premium room package from an assortment sweets + bevs.
    • Advantages: Sizzling USDA Prime steaks + award-winning wines are on the menu at Ruth’s Chris Steak House, while the rooftop restaurant and bar, UP on the Roof, offers handcrafted cocktails, local cuisine and spectacular views. Relax with a dip in the salt water pool – the only indoor swimming pool in the city center.
    • Details: Just off I-385, the Hilton Greenville is about a 10-minute drive to downtown and within walking distance for business, shopping, dining, and entertainment.
    • Advantages: While in the city center, stop at the Upcountry History Museum, which will host a very happy exhibition; and the North Pole itself will be arise at the nearby Lowcountry Children’s Museum. *


    Ex-dividend reminder: Blackrock, Glacier Bancorp and Berkley


    THElooking at the universe of stocks we cover at Dividend channelon 6/12/21, Blackrock Inc (Ticker: BLK), Glacier Bancorp, Inc. (Ticker: GBCI) and Berkley Corp (Ticker: WRB) will all trade ex-dividend for their respective next dividends. Blackrock Inc. will pay its quarterly dividend of $ 4.13 on 12/23/21, Glacier Bancorp, Inc. will pay its quarterly dividend of $ 0.32 on 12/16/21 and Berkley Corp will pay its quarterly dividend of 0.13 $ on 12/22/2. 21. As a percentage of the recent BLK stock price of $ 906.02 this dividend is around 0.46%, so look for Blackrock Inc stocks that are trading 0.46% lower – all things being. otherwise equal – when BLK shares are open for trading on 12/6/21. . Likewise, investors should look for a 0.59% lower open price for the GBCI and a 0.17% lower open price for the WRB, all other things being equal.

    Below are the dividend history charts for BLK, GBCI and WRB, showing historical dividends before the most recent declared.

    Blackrock Inc (symbol: BLK):

    Glacier Bancorp, Inc. (Symbol: GBCI):

    GBCI + Dividend + History + Graph

    Berkley Corp (symbol: WRB):

    WRB + Dividend + History + Graph

    In general, dividends are not always predictable, following the ups and downs in corporate profits over time. Therefore, a good first step in due diligence in forming an annual performance expectation in the future is to review the above history, for a sense of stability over time. This can help judge whether the most recent dividends from these companies are likely to continue. If continued, the current estimated returns on an annualized basis would be 1.82% for Blackrock Inc, 2.35% for Glacier Bancorp, Inc. and 0.68% for Berkley Corp.

    In Thursday’s trading, Blackrock Inc shares are currently up around 0.6%, Glacier Bancorp, Inc. shares are up around 0.8% and Berkley Corp shares are up around. 1.1% on the day.

    Click here to find out which 25 SAFE dividend-paying stocks should be on your radar screen ”

    The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.

    Using Internet Installment Financial Loans. At West Side Financing, we are clear about the terms and conditions of the mortgage loan and try to make lending techniques as easy as possible for clients.


    Using Internet Installment Financial Loans. At West Side Financing, we are clear about the terms and conditions of the mortgage loan and try to make lending techniques as easy as possible for clients.

    Western Side Credit is a tribal lending entity wholly owned by the Menominee Group, a sovereign Indian tribe of the United States under federal charter. We provide financing to people facing credit dilemmas to help them when needed.

    We follow the federal regulations listed here, including:

    Facts in credit work

    Electronic resources move work

    Fair Trade Collection Agency Techniques

    Fair credit report work

    Gramm-Leach-Bliley Privacy Terms

    Possibility of equal credit rating

    How it works

    Installment debt is a great replacement for payday advances as it is a short term loan that allows you to pay off some of it each month instead of most of the stability of your next salary.

    Funding for the western part, as a tribal loan provider, complies with national legal guidelines and rules regarding the Menominee tribe. Thus, giving consumers who may have difficulty locating debt through old-fashioned networks the chance to be eligible for an unsecured mortgage.

    The credit of the West zone benefits from certain conditions. You must be at least 21 years old, a Me Citizen, and just have an open bank account that currently receives business income through direct deposits. We would recognize report inspections, instead of digital payroll accumulation, if these types of checks are deposited on a consistent factor.

    When you get installment financing from West Part Financing, you could meet the requirements by making $ 1,500 as a first borrower. Coming back to people with a good remittance record, but may qualify for large amounts of work $ 5,000 with lower rates.

    We confirm applicant information and credit scores through national databases such as, but not limited to, quality, number of items and Microbilt.

    Applications accepted and prepared by 12:30 PM EST on any business day would be funded the same day; Loan applications recommended and processed after 12:30 PM EST will be funded the next business day. The inevitable delays that occur due to lender travel, your specific bank’s monitoring schedule, inadvertent operational errors, “acts of kindness” and / or “acts of terror” can extend the total duration of the loan. deposit and could create a general change in the day of disbursement as disclosed here.

    West Side Financing LLC is a financial arm and instrument of the Menominee Group of Wisconsin, a federally respected sovereign Indian country (the “Tribe”) that abides by national rules and functions for client financing within the reservation limits of the tribe. Western area credit LLC is licensed and operates under tribal laws. Funds borrowed from Western Side Financing LLC were governed by state and group laws, possibly not by the laws of the county in which you live. Absolutely nothing in the communication should be interpreted as a waiver of sovereign resistance, which is basically explicitly reserved.

    Please note that this is exactly an expensive type credit score. Western Area Lending financial loans are designed to help you meet their temporary borrowing needs and are generally not intended as a long-term credit score or monetary solution. Examples of unforeseen emergencies that this credit score can be used for are vehicles that repair debts, health care, or essential travel expenses. The appropriate choices for the West Side Lending credit product tend to be payday loans, personal loans, home equity lines of credit, established savings, or borrowing from whoever you want.

    The Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”) as placed on the loan will be between 630% and 780% depending on their cost schedule, salary regularity, funding phase and amount of payment. your loan. Non-disbursement may result in additional fees and range activities as defined in the funding agreement and permitted by applicable tribal and federal law.

    Wellington earthquake risk greater than expected


    The composition of the soil beneath Wellington could put the city at increased risk of destructive tremors during an earthquake, new research shows.

    The article, written by MSc student Alistair Stronach and Professor Tim Stern of Te Herenga Waka – Victoria University of Wellington, shows that the thickness of the soft sediment under the city of Wellington is up to two times higher than previously thought.

    The ground beneath Wellington could put the city at increased risk of destructive tremors during an earthquake, new research shows.  (File photo)

    Kevin’s Stent / Stuff

    The ground beneath Wellington could put the city at increased risk of destructive tremors during an earthquake, new research shows. (File photo)

    Stern said when seismic waves passed through layers of sediment – as opposed to rock underground – they increased in intensity and caused more shaking.

    “It can have a devastating effect on cities, even when earthquakes are several hundred kilometers away. “

    * The Melbourne earthquake was one of the biggest in Australia for half a century
    * Ten years after devastating tsunami in Japan, scientists ask if this could happen in New Zealand
    * Rocky Icebergs and Deep Anchors: New research into how planetary forces shape the Earth’s surface

    The research will help predict the tremors Wellington can expect to experience during earthquakes and shed light on why the city suffered so much damage in the 2016 earthquake near Kaikōura, when strong waves were produced which “trapped” in the sediment basin below Wellington and caused unexpected damage in the Pipitea and CentrePort districts of the city.

    “Fortunately, no lives were lost, but several high-rise buildings had to be demolished and the CentrePort wharf was so badly damaged it was out of service for months. “

    The Statistics House on Wellington's waterfront was one of the buildings worst affected in the November 2016 earthquake.

    Kevin’s Stent / Stuff

    The Statistics House on Wellington’s waterfront was one of the buildings worst affected in the November 2016 earthquake.

    The vulnerability of this area to seismic waves arose both from the depth of the sediments and from the fact that it was mainly reclaimed land (new land created by backfilling the edge of the port).

    The research data will be used in future computer simulations to predict the tremors that one might expect in different areas of the city.

    “These simulations are vital for planning building designs and identifying the parts of the city most vulnerable to intense tremors from local and distant earthquakes,” Stronach said.

    The research, funded by the Seismic Commission and published in the New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, used high-precision measurements of the Earth’s gravity field to map the sediment thickness below the city of Wellington.

    The measurements were made with a state-of-the-art gravimeter, which could determine differences in gravity up to one part in 100 million.

    “We took measurements throughout Wellington’s central business district and along the city’s outer hills,” Stronach said. “We have identified a maximum thickness of around 540m near the Wellington Regional Stadium [Sky Stadium], which is double the previous estimates.

    The research also mapped an extension of the recently discovered Aotea Fault as it passes from the harbor near Clyde Quay Wharf below Waitangi Park, before heading south, roughly along the Kent Line. Terrace.

    “Based on our modeling, this fault has several flares – or branches – across the lower slopes of Mount Victoria and appears as a steep step in the bedrock below the Te Aro portion of downtown Wellington,” Stronach said.

    UAE polar explorers unite to mark Antarctica Day


    A group of intrepid Emirati explorers are no longer poles apart after meeting to discuss their epic adventures and highlight the threat of climate change even in the most remote parts of the world.

    The UAE Polar Network consists of 35 UAE citizens – 19 men and 16 women – who have visited one or both of the North and South Poles.

    The Abu Dhabi Environment Agency (EAD) invited them to a special event at Expo 2020 Dubai to mark Antarctica Day on Wednesday.

    The annual occasion celebrates the anniversary of the signing of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 to protect the continent.

    The event – the lights of Zayed – was narrated by several explorers who set foot in the Arctic, where the North Pole is located, and Antarctica, site of the South Pole.

    Members of the network include Ameera Al Marzooqi, 29, the first Emirati woman to visit the heart of Antarctica.

    She has visited the continent twice, the most recent in 2016, when she accompanied Sir Robert Swan, who was the first person in history to travel to the North and South Poles, to visit Union Glacier and test the renewable technologies, including solar lights.

    The chilling effect of climate change

    She said she saw the effects of climate change with her own eyes on her travels, including plastic waste.

    Ms Al Marzooqi plans to return to Antarctica in March with Sir Robert to film a documentary and raise awareness of the environmental issues facing the continent. She said she was currently looking for a film crew to join her.

    “We have seen plastic in Antarctica and in the Arctic as well. It shows how big a problem plastic waste is. It’s everywhere, she said.

    “We need immediate action. People don’t realize how important it is to protect Antarctica. It will affect us all, the melting of Antarctica, the ice will raise the sea water level and affect us all. “

    EAD organized its own expedition to the continent in 2018, when Team Zayed lit up the Antarctic sky with 100 solar lights. He then released a documentary based on the two-week trip.

    “People say that the mandate of the Abu Dhabi Environment Agency is only that of Abu Dhabi,” said Ahmed Al Hashmi, interim executive director of biodiversity at EAD.

    “However, we always say that the impact of EAD is not just at the local, national or regional level. It is also international. We believe that environmental issues are shared by all. There is no border between countries, physically. We share the same land, water and air.

    He said the EAD delegations also visited the North Pole.

    “And we send them environmental messages. So when we participate in Antarctica, we send our people to get more of the international group that participated during this mission and to focus on the main issues, climate change and global warming. The impact is clearly there, ”Al Hashmi said.

    “When they returned, they delivered this message to the public.”

    Sharing experiences

    Winston Cowie, head of maritime policy at EAD, said the idea was to bring together all the explorers from the United Arab Emirates who had visited the poles to mark Antarctica Day.

    “We did some research and found out that there were about 35 people who went to these far away places and did some amazing things from environmental remediation work to electrical engineering, by the way. by installing solar panels in a research base, some really cool stuff.

    “So for Antarctica Day, we wanted to bring everyone who’s been there and have an event at the Expo and send another message to the world to shine the spotlight on climate change, especially with the Cop28 in to come. “

    About half of the members of the UAE Polar Network attended the event, including delegations that visited the continent in the 1990s.

    Update: December 1, 2021, 3:17 p.m.

    Old Fashioned Christmas Returns to Canonsburg | New


    Downtown Canonsburg is dressed in its best for the holidays, ready for the annual old-fashioned Christmas celebration that starts at noon on Friday and ends at 7pm on Saturday.

    Guests won’t want to miss the 5:30 p.m. Christmas tree lighting on Friday or the Christmas Parade on Saturday night.

    “We have a number of Christmas floats this year,” said Lisa Scarmazzi, director of economic development for the Borough of Canonsburg. “It’s going to be spectacular.” The parade begins at 7 p.m. and takes place along Pike Street through the city.

    Visitors to the celebration can sip hot drinks and enjoy food from area food trucks while browsing merchandise from over 50 local vendors at the Holiday Market along Pike Street.

    A sleek sleigh serves as the perfect backdrop for photos – don’t forget to tag Christmas in Canonsburg on Instagram! – and kids can meet the Grinch or send letters to Santa before slipping on ice skates and sliding around the Velma Jeffries Children’s Youth Trust synthetic ice rink at the intersection of Greenside and Pike streets.

    “It’s something we wanted to do,” Scarmazzi said. “Every year, we say we want to build an ice rink. We are so excited.

    Scarmazzi said the new decorations were provided by the event’s main sponsor, the Domachowski family.

    “We have added additional and larger decorations this year… due to the generous donation from the Domachowski family,” she said.

    Scarmazzi said other entertainment includes live music, the North Pole and face painting.

    “Travelawaits.com ranked us as one of Pennsylvania’s Most Iconic Top Cities. We are trying, ”said Scarmazzi. “We worked for months on this. We are just delighted with the result and we believe everyone will be too. “

    Another ‘sea heat wave’ in New Zealand | Otago Daily Times News Online


    Shake the sand off your clothes and buy some new sunscreen – great beach weather may be on the horizon.

    Sea temperatures along the Otago and Canterbury coasts have risen “well above average,” prompting Niwa to declare a marine heat wave.

    Meteorologist Ben Noll said water temperatures ranged from 1.1 ° C to 1.4 ° C above average in November, and daily sea surface temperatures were over 3 ° C above average around western and northern North Island and eastern South Island over the past week.

    Sea heatwave conditions, classified when the sea temperature was above the 90th percentile for at least five days, had been observed in the waters off all parts of New Zealand.

    He said this was on par with conditions seen in November 2017, which marked the start of an unprecedented sea heat wave in the country and in the Tasman Sea.

    “Frequent patterns of high pressure near and south of New Zealand during November, due to La Nina, caused subtropical northeasterly winds to be more frequent than normal.

    “The reduced wind speed during the month prevented the cooler groundwater ocean water from mixing with the surface.

    “In addition, the amount of sunshine has generally been above normal, which has helped to warm the ocean surface. “

    Mr Noll said marine heat waves were becoming more frequent in a warmer climate.

    Between 2010 and 2019, 963 sea heatwave days were observed in the New Zealand region, compared to 366 between 2000 and 2009.

    While milder seas might be good for beachgoers, marine heat waves have also been shown to have a severe effect on ocean ecosystems and the industries that depend on them.

    During the 2017-18 event, glaciers melted as some pockets of ocean off the west coast of the South Island warmed to 6 degrees Celsius above average, while elsewhere , the mussel beds suffered cascading losses and the vineyards had early harvests.

    Climatologist Professor Jim Salinger said La Nina means New Zealanders can count on widespread heat in the coming months.

    Additionally, mild conditions could spell more bad news for New Zealand’s retreating glaciers.

    “Although there has been heavy seasonal snow, especially around the southern lakes region, it will melt very quickly and then we will see the melt eat away at the permanent snow and ice later in the summer,” a- he declared.

    Mr Noll said Niwa’s seasonal climate outlook for the summer will be released today.

    – Additional reporting: The New Zealand Herald

    How personal loans work for the self-employed – Forbes Advisor INDIA


    Personal loans have always been a way for people to withdraw money to pay for personal needs such as groceries and utility bills, or simply a way to get the next paycheck. Personal loans are easy to get because they don’t ask for much. You need proof of employment, a few months of payslips and proof of address, and you are ready to receive the amount you signed up for.

    However, when you are independent, the requirements are slightly different. For example, you will need to prove that you own 25% of the business, that you are a freelance writer or entrepreneur, and that your salary comes from interest or dividends. Additional requirements will be discussed in this article.

    People can take out a personal loan from any registered financial entity, such as a credit union or bank, as long as the financial entity is authorized and certified to lend money. Unfortunately, many loan sharks are not registered, and these creditors usually scam people by charging hefty interest, which people should be wary of.

    What are personal loans for the self-employed?

    A personal loan for a self-employed person can take several forms. You can also take out a small business loan to cover business expenses, which are still considered personal loans. Here are some types of personal loans for the self-employed to get you started.

    Co-signed business loans for the self-employed

    A co-signed loan means that you will ask a co-signer to add their name and signature to your loan to guarantee the bank that they will repay the loan in case you cannot. Of course, they won’t have access to your loan fund, but they can help you build up the credit you need while getting the loan.

    Credit card

    Credit cards are good if you need to borrow a small amount and have a good credit rating. You can borrow small amounts up to a specific limit, and you can pay off the balance each month so you don’t have to pay interest.

    Payday loans for the self-employed

    Payday loans can be risky and put you in more debt. However, if you are in need of cash, there are non-profit organizations that can provide you with loans or cash assistance, especially if you are in dire financial straits. You can also ask a credit union for an alternative, especially if your credit rating is low.

    Business credit cards

    Business credit cards allow you to have a small amount immediately. Plus, you can build your business credit so you can apply for larger loans. You will also be able to keep a record of your finances. You will need to provide your business details, such as your legal structure, estimated monthly expenses, and employer identification number.

    A business line of credit allows you to borrow money when needed, primarily to cover a business expense. However, you must have years of business experience to be eligible.

    Who Can Get Personal Loans For The Self Employed?

    Anyone who is self-employed, whether they own a small business or work as a self-employed person, can get a personal loan for any reason.

    Reasons to get a personal loan for the self-employed

    Here are some reasons why the self-employed take out a personal loan.

    • Paying Off Other Debt – Debt consolidation is one of the reasons freelancers take out personal loans. This allows them to consolidate all of their high interest debts into one payment with a significantly lower interest rate.
    • An Alternative to Payday Loan – Compared to payday loans, personal loans have longer repayment options and lower interest rates.
    • Moving Expenses – If you are a self-employed person planning to move to another home, a personal loan can cover the expenses.
    • Emergency Expenses – Emergency expenses can take the form of hospital bills that are not covered by your insurance or the death of a family member. A personal loan can cover these expenses.
    • Appliance Purchases – If you own a small business and need to purchase equipment, you can take out a personal loan to finance your appliance purchases.

    How to get a personal loan if you are independent?

    Here are some steps that a self-employed worker can take to take out a personal loan.

    • Check to see if you have a good credit rating. A good credit rating helps you qualify for a personal loan.
    • Gather all the necessary documents and information. You must submit a bank statement, your income tax returns, your latest Schedule C, Form 1099-misc, our Schedule SE, and profit and loss statements.
    • Canvas for personal loan companies. Check which ones offer the lowest interest rate and the longest repayment terms so that you don’t have to be pressed for time to pay off your loan.
    • Apply online or in person. Depending on the lending company you choose, you can either complete an online application form or visit their office. You may also need to call them during your application.
    • Wait for their approval. It may take some time to review your documents, so you need to be patient.
    • Wait for the money to be credited to your account. It can take as fast as a few seconds or during the day. If you get the approval on the weekend, you may have to wait until the next business day to receive your money.

    Questions to ask yourself before taking out a personal loan

    1. Can I get a personal loan if I am self-employed?

    Yes. You will need to show proof of income and possibly a work certificate from your current client.

    2. Can I get a personal loan if I have a small income?

    Yes. However, your loan company will put you under scrutiny, which means you may be waiting longer to get your loan approved.

    3. How long do I have to repay it?

    The loan repayment term depends on your agreement with the lending company and the amount you borrowed. Some financial companies require you to repay the loan within 30 days if you borrowed as little as $ 500. Some personal loans can be repaid in 12 months.

    4. How much interest do I have to pay?

    The interest rate depends on the amount of principal and the repayment term of your loan. Some interest rates can be as low as $ 5, but most can go up to 20% of the principal.

    5. Will the lending company ask me what I’m going to use the money for?

    Credit companies rarely ask the borrower why they need a personal loan. Some might ask you why you will use it, but whatever the reason, that won’t stop them from lending you money. As long as your supporting documents and documents are in order, you will be authorized to take out a personal loan.

    6. What are the consequences of a personal loan?

    If you can’t pay on time, you could be in trouble with your loan company. Failure to pay your loan may cause the loan company to review your business or profession, and they may ask you to pay a fine on top of your loan balance.

    7. Where should I take out a personal loan?

    Before taking out a personal loan, you must approach several financing companies. Compare interest rates and APR and see if they are licensed and registered with a national credit union. If they charge cheap interest rates and are fully qualified to lend you money, they are legitimate.

    8. How long do I have to work or own a business before I get a personal loan?

    For the self-employed, you need to work for at least six months with clients that the loan company can contact. For business owners, you need to be in business for a year.

    Final result

    Taking out a personal loan if you are self-employed is a serious financial commitment. First of all, you will have to religiously pay the fixed amount each month on time so that you do not get fined by your loan company. Before that, you should have a good reason for taking out a personal loan as the interest charges are sometimes high, and you might have a hard time saving money on your monthly income to pay off the loan.

    Keep in mind that your credit score could be affected if you cannot repay the loan, and this could affect your chances of getting a loan in the future. Therefore, to take out a personal loan, you must be a good payer in order to maintain a credible credit rating.

    As a self-employed person, you need to be careful not to repay your personal loan on time as a breach could negatively affect your business or profession.

    Stacked lineup for 2022 Great Food Month has been announced – and tickets are on sale now


    Sydney Good Food Month is making up for all those restaurant meal times we lost during the lockdown, with lineup stacked for its 2022 food festival in January. Expect an intoxicating combination of takeovers, pop-ups, unique dining experiences and collaborations between top chefs.

    Top of our list? Four promising Indigenous chefs take over CBD Rockpool Bar & Grill for a unique lunch. The gourmet restaurant’s executive chef, Corey Costelloe, will lead the quadrant of chefs – Jayde Harris and Luke Bourke (Rockpool) from Rockpool, Keith Munro (Icebergs Dining Room and Bar) and Sam Bourke (Margaret) – who will each prepare a class. The wines will come from Indigenous-owned Mt Yengo Wines, and $ 10 from each ticket will go to the National Indigenous Culinary Institute, which mentors apprentice Indigenous chefs.

    And there is much more to look forward to. Renowned Brisbane chef Alanna Sapwell (ex-chef in Saint Peter) will take over from Middle Eastern restaurant Ezra for a multi-course dinner. Alibi hosts a boozy plant-based brunch, featuring vegan pavlovas, cookies and strawberry sandwiches in collaboration with La Pav, Butter Boy and Sandoitchi. Alessandro Pavoni (A’Mare, Ormeggio at The Spit) joins forces with seafood industry stalwarts John Susman and Jesse McTavish (Bar Elvina, ex-North Bondi Fish) for a meal celebrating seafood.

    Meanwhile, the Good Weekend Quiz: Live returns to Rockpool Bar & Grill. Compete with other tables for the top spot while feasting on a three-course meal.

    And while the foodie events seem like tons of fun, there are plenty of more casual feasts and parties to immerse yourself in. Butter Sydney and Rising Sun Workshop are co-hosting a two-night chook celebration in two locations. It will bring together the best of both restaurants in a six-course meal, complete with a live DJ and bottomless fart and tinnies. In Freshwater, the Harbord Hotel will host a Baja-inspired pop-up, with Mexican-flavored dishes and a Margarita Bar.

    Newtown’s Little Lagos celebrates West African food and culture with a cocktail on arrival, Afrobeats and a three-course meal including jollof rice, ewa agoyin (a bean stew) and egusi (soup) with pounded yams. And Nomad and Golden Age Cinema join forces for a Moroccan-themed menu designed to be enjoyed while you watch. Casablanca. In Pendolino, products from the Boon Luck farm of Palisa Anderson (Chat Thai) will be presented.

    And if you’re in the mood to get out of the city and combine a foodie adventure with your summer vacation, Good Food Month isn’t just limited to Sydney. Margan Wines in the Hunter Valley offers tours of her vineyard, culminating in a five-course meal prepared with her produce grown on the estate. Beckett’s Glebe diner will take over the cooking at Sister’s Rock Restaurant in Orange, and a “girl gang” of local chefs will run the show at Pipit in the Northern Rivers for one night only.

    Good Food Month takes place throughout the month of January. Tickets on sale now.


    The expeditions set sail for a six-week project to preserve Mawson’s historic huts in Antarctica


    On Friday, six expeditionaries will set sail for Commonwealth Bay in Antarctica aboard the French icebreaker L’Astrolabe to spend six weeks restoring what remains of Mawson’s historic huts.

    The heritage-listed huts were built by Antarctic expeditionary Douglas Mawson and his crew at Cape Denison between 1911 and 1914, and housed a group of about 32 men for a year when they failed to be retrieved by their relief vessel.

    But restoring what is considered to be the most important Australian historic site in Antarctica will be different from typical home renovations or exterior projects.

    Expeditioners will sleep in a demountable known as the Sorensen Hut, go to the toilet in a bucket so everything can be containerized, and spend their days working in minus -20 degrees Celsius while battling high winds and type conditions. blizzard.

    Expeditionary Michelle Berry examines the living area of ​​Mawson’s cabin in 2015.(Provided: David Killick)

    “The main job will be doing a little health check on Mawson’s Huts,” said Greg Carter, executive director of the Mawson’s Huts Foundation.

    “They were built to last six months and they’re still around 110 years later. The team will do things like cut the ice that is inside the hut, maintain the woods, and save any artifacts we find there.

    “There are always new artifacts found as well as those we know of.

    Other work includes setting up an automatic weather station and counting the number of penguins living in colonies around the huts.

    View of the old wooden hut in the snow.
    The expeditionaries will work to remove the ice and snow that settles in the old cabins.(Provided: David Killick)

    Accessing history not without challenges

    If the group manages to make it to Cape Denison, it will be the first time restoration work has been done on the cabins since 2015.

    “There was a big iceberg called B19B, the size of the ACT, blocking the entrance to Commonwealth Bay, but it’s broken up a bit now,” Carter said of the trip on more recent.

    “Fast ice,” or ice attached to the mainland, could also prove to be a challenge for expeditionaries.

    “At present [fast ice] covers about 23 kilometers, so you will probably have to take them to the [work site] by helicopter, ”Carter said.

    A man tackles ice in a wooden hut.
    Chief restaurateur Ian Godfrey removes ice from the shelves inside Mawson’s cabin during the 2015 expedition.(Provided: David Killick)

    Four of the expeditionaries have been to Antarctica several times already, including Mercury journalist David Killick, who will be the base camp director and take responsibility for cooking for the crew.

    It will be a maiden voyage for materials conservators Karina Acton and Eoin O’Suilleabhain.

    “I’m really excited, definitely a little nervous… I didn’t think I would ever go to Antarctica in my life,” Ms. Acton said.

    Interior of a very old wooden cabin.
    Mawson’s Hut had simple living and dining rooms.(Provided: David Killick)

    Ms Acton said planning for the trip started in March, but was only confirmed as a Expeditioner last week.

    “Our permits were issued to enter Tasmania last Thursday (…)

    “It’s six weeks on the ice and a back and forth week, so it’s going to be eight weeks in our day-to-day lives.”

    The trip means the expeditionaries will spend Christmas and New Years away from their families – but plans have been made for their own festivities in Antarctica.

    Frosted items on a wooden shelf.
    Several artifacts from Mawson’s time in Antarctica remain in the huts.(Provided: David Killick)

    Conservation works ‘integral’ to preserve history

    The team will benefit from 24 hours of sunshine in Antarctica but will face unpredictable weather conditions.

    “On previous trips we have experienced winds of over 100 kilometers per hour, blizzards that lasted for days and temperatures down to minus 20 [degrees]”said expedition leader Marty Passingham.

    File photo of Australian Sir Douglas Mawson, who survived a grueling Antarctic expedition in 1918
    Mawson’s work on his Antarctic expedition is still used by scientists today.(AAP: Australian Antarctic Division)

    The huts don’t get many visitors, but Mr Carter said their place in Antarctic history is worth it.

    “Mawson was really special in that his Antarctic expedition was the first truly scientific trip to Antarctica,” he said.

    “A lot of other guys back then, Shackleton, Scott and Amundsen, were all trying to be the first ones at the South Pole, it was all about chasing glory.

    “Mawson was a scientist, he was a geologist, and a lot of the weather records he recorded there are still used in [climate] modeling today, so it’s really topical, which he did 110 years ago. “

    The expedition will be documented on the Mawson’s Huts Foundation Facebook page.

    Andover celebrates the start of the holiday season with a Christmas event


    November 29 – ANDOVER – Children lined Andover Square on Saturday night as families gathered to welcome Santa into town and witness one of the biggest Christmas parades in recent memory.

    The Andover Region Chamber of Commerce, under the direction of Executive Director Lara Reibold, sponsored the parade and various pre and post parade activities. She said people were excited about the Simply Christmas event after it was canceled last year due to the pandemic.

    Jim Loiko showed his skills as an ice sculptor to visitors and residents. He said he did demonstrations from 2:30 p.m. until just before the parade started at 6 p.m. Businesses in the area also provided a variety of food items for those attending the festivities.

    Reibold said the Elks Club Ladies Auxiliary did a lot of work to increase the parade units, which included the Pymatuning Valley High School Marching Band, many fire trucks and tanks.

    The arrival of Santa Claus was a great moment for the children who lined up in front of a pavilion to have their picture taken with the visitor to the North Pole.

    Betty Legg, of Andover, was one of the first people to see Santa Claus with her granddaughter Willow Hauger, 1, of Conneaut.

    “We came to see Santa because we haven’t seen him yet,” Legg said.

    Two more parades are scheduled for next weekend, with the Geneva event set to start at 7 p.m. Friday and Jefferson at 6 p.m. Saturday.

    Endangered wetlands affect humans and wildlife



    Water scarcity, climate change, the disappearance of wetlands and the rise in temperature have made the lives of fishermen and farmers miserable.

    Due to the phenomenon of climate change, the rains are becoming uncertain, the threat of droughts is looming and the summers are getting hotter.

    Freshwater dependent people living along wetlands have suffered severely. Studies show that melting glaciers provide 80 percent of the Indus River’s water. According to filmmaker Abdullah Khan, “Studies show that 28% of Pakistan’s glaciers have disappeared in the past 15 years.

    He also pointed out that the glaciers were melting quickly. The ‘Vanishing Wetlands’ film, which aired Sunday on Express TV, revealed how endangered wetlands have harmed wildlife and people’s lives. Healthy wetlands feed birds, including migratory and resident birds.

    They are also essential for human survival. During droughts, wetlands can replenish parched fields by releasing water from natural reservoirs. They can even filter pollutants from the waste.

    But more than anything, wetlands are nature’s nurseries, supporting 40 percent of the world’s wildlife.

    Haji Ahmed, one of the fishermen from Lake Manchhar, said his family had lived in the lake for seven generations. “Our ancestors sailed on these ships. They were born and raised here.

    Before we had no worries. We had everything in the past, ”he said. Fishermen, commonly referred to as Mohana, have had their way of life and culture linked to this profession for over 5,000 years.

    Basheer Mallah, another man said: “We slept, worked, married and did everything on the boathouses. Our lives were stress free. We used to grow vegetables here. The fishermen never cared about the grain crops. Lake Manchhar is one of the largest lakes in the region, but drastic changes have taken place in the lake affecting local mohanas. The polluted water poured into the lake destroyed them.

    “The water [polluted] is now so toxic. It destroys everything. Our happiness is gone, ”said Basheer Mallah. Basheer said that the life of fishermen is very hard and sad now. Ahmed said the water in the lake comes from the Indus River.

    “Now that flow has been stemmed.” He said the size of the fish has decreased. “How can we make a living from this? He asked himself. He also complained that fresh water for them was a precious commodity.

    “A can of drinking water costs Rs 40. How can we pay for that? We have no choice but to drink this polluted water, ”he said. Industrial effluents and illegal fishing are also responsible for this loss. Pakistan is one of the countries that are afraid of water. But the country still has 19 Ramsar sites which are wetlands of great importance. Each year, more than a million birds pass through the Indus Flyway.

    The Indus River, after an epic 3,000 km journey, finally reaches the Arabian Sea, dividing into a massive delta that has supported wildlife and humans for thousands of years. Indus Delta Life in the Indus Delta is not ideal for fishermen and farmers. Ghulam Mohammad, who lives near the delta, said: “The Indus River has ruled a natural system for thousands of years changing its path and direction, it brings the land to life.” He said that all the crops that grow there shine like the Sindh River.

    “I don’t think there is a plant that doesn’t bloom here. The secret ingredient to all this beauty comes from the Indus River. The soil is imbued with the aroma of the faraway places along the Sindh River.

    “He is of the opinion that human development has collided with nature.” Now we are faced with the consequences. The scarcity of water, the lack of rains, a rise in temperatures which has only increased in the last 15 years. Before, there was no such thing, “he said. He said farmers grew large crops of betel leaves in the area.” His ideal growing temperature is 25 degrees centigrade.

    “He said that due to the rising temperatures, the betel leaf crop was being wiped out.” The disturbed farmer said much of Sindh’s water is channeled through canals. He said that when fresh water stops flowing downstream, the Arabian Sea flows. “This is why so many hectares of land have become barren,” he said. “Other areas are now barren because salt water has seeped from the basement.”

    Also recalling, he said, “When our elders tell us that they once cultivated rice and fruit. We find it hard to believe it. Almost 1.2 million people have already migrated from the narrowing Indus River Delta to Karachi. And thousands of mohanas have abandoned their ancient floating villages. Abdullah said the film also aims to portray the beauty of nature. He said the wetland is home to 40 percent of the wildlife. “We have to say what kind of threats they face,” he urged.

    He also said that it was difficult for him as a filmmaker to find the animals. Sharing the details, Jamshed of WWF-Pakistan said that the “Pakistan Wetlands Programs 2005 and 2012” had been launched and aimed to focus on the restoration, conservation and preservation of Pakistan’s wetlands. He said biodiversity is good at Manchhar Lake.

    “Pollution is one of the reasons for the destruction of Lake Manchhar,” he said. Abdullah also said the fishermen were facing problems because they were not pulling enough fish from the water. “Agriculture is also disrupted,” he added.

    The tech-savvy consumers behind the 2021 AFR Fast 100 financial success stories


    One example is the Stock Trading Platform and the Top 10 Fast 100 Companies. Self-wealth.

    Founded in Melbourne around nine years ago as a company dedicated to helping more Australians access the stock markets by introducing the country’s first fixed-fee equity trading platform, Managing Director Cath Whitaker said it was a purpose-built company that “cares deeply about our members. And our team.”

    “In a super competitive space, where others are pounding their chest, our mantra is that we will be there for Australian investors for decades, not days and we will continue to grow and evolve as the needs of our members change. . “

    According to Whitaker, this commitment to stay with investors throughout their investment journey stems from the genesis of the company as it was not initially established to be a transactional platform.

    “SelfWealth started out as a place where individual investors could meet and form communities. This means we’re constantly on the lookout for ways to help retail investors, whether it’s better education and content, an easier-to-use platform, or access to additional investment options such as cryptocurrencies.

    “It’s not about what SelfWealth does – it’s why and our goal is to empower people to achieve financial freedom,” Whitaker said.

    Over the past 12 months, this commitment to investors has broadened to provide clients with insight into one of the biggest investment trends of recent years – how companies measure up on environmental, social issues. and governance (ESG).

    Whitaker says the company has introduced ESG data to their platform for free because “our team is very passionate that SelfWealth should embrace ESG both as an organization and to be able to offer this investment view to everyone. the members “.

    The Simply Wall St team has grown from 15 employees last year to 60 this year in five countries.

    When it comes to the challenges of operating and continuing to grow during the pandemic, Whitaker says COVID has had a big impact on the industry in a short period of time.

    “The key to our success has been responding quickly to what our community wanted. We are an extremely agile organization and we have allocated resources where we have seen the greatest need. “

    Plus, she says, much of the company’s growth over the past 12 months can be attributed to its commitment to diversity and inclusion, which starts at the top.

    “We have a proactive stance on diversity and inclusion. We don’t see much in our industry, and it allows us to think and act differently, ”says Whitaker.

    Simply Wall St provides a new generation of investors with analysis of every stock in the world.

    Looking ahead, Whitaker is excited about the continued growth of the retail investor space as “we are excited to support retail investors by providing access to more community activity and content and by delivering new types of assets that will give retail investors a choice no matter what. the market cycle is ”.

    Another Fast 100 player who has seen substantial growth over the past two years is Simply Wall Street, which provide a new generation of investors with insight into every stock in the world.

    Company operations chief Nandini Meka said the team has grown from 15 employees last year to 60 this year in five countries.

    “We are building strong engineering and product teams to achieve the goal of becoming the first place in the world where retail investors can get help making the best possible investment decisions,” Meka said. .

    “We’re also proud of our growing user base and are excited to help 4.5 million investors around the world (doubled in the past twelve months) make more informed decisions.”

    Daniel Wessels, CEO and Founder of Jacaranda Finance.

    Similar to SelfWealth, the company is dedicated to being more inclusive and developing everyone’s understanding of investing wisely and recently launched a series of Share Club events for female investors because “we believe there is an opportunity to invest. improve participation, independence and financial results for this user segment ”.

    “Investing in equities has traditionally been a male dominated business and we hope to play an important role in changing that,” says Meka.

    Consumer lender Jacaranda Finance is also helping more Australians access financial services.

    The CEO and founder of Jacaranda FinanceDaniel Wessels says the company has a narrow niche in the consumer lending industry.

    “Those with poor credit scores are usually targeted by cowboy payday lenders or payday advance style applications, from which our clients don’t want to borrow money because of their sky-high rates and low rates. short-term repayments.

    “We offer a product that falls between these two options for creditworthy borrowers who are rebuilding their credit history. Our clients are about to borrow money from traditional traditional lenders and we want to help them do that, ”said Wessels.

    The company has seen its loan portfolio grow by more than 100% in the past 12 months, but for Wessels it remains a cautious lender approving only around 5% of applications.

    He says in the interest of helping the remaining 95 percent of applicants rehabilitate their credit scores, the company will launch a suite of consumer-focused tools next year to help them finally find themselves in a predicament. financial “where they can borrow money from us or even traditional lenders”.

    “When the tools are used together, you can think of them as a hyper-personalized digital financial coach who gives consumers monthly advice on how to improve their personal financial situation,” says Wessels.

    The new tools fit into what Wessels calls the corporate mantra – a technology-driven company that is “fast, fair and responsible”.

    Father and son’s Ice Age plot to slow Siberian thaw


    In one of the coldest places on the planet, 130 km south of Russia’s arctic coast, scientist Sergey Zimov finds no sign of permafrost as global warming permeates the soil of Siberia.

    As everything from mammoth bones to ancient vegetation frozen inside for millennia thaws and decomposes, it now threatens to release vast amounts of greenhouse gases.

    Zimov, who has studied permafrost from his science base in the diamond-producing region of Yakutia for decades, sees the effects of climate change in real time.

    An abandoned ship is seen near the Northeast Science Station


    Sergey checks the materials stored underground in the permafrost


    Driving a thin metal pole a few feet into the Siberian turf, where temperatures rise to more than three times the world average, with barely any force, the 66-year-old is neutral.

    “It’s one of the coldest places on the planet and there is no permafrost,” he says. “Methane has never increased in the atmosphere at the rate it is today … I think it has to do with our permafrost.”

    Permafrost covers 65 percent of Russia’s landmass and about a quarter of the northern landmass. Scientists say greenhouse gas emissions resulting from its thawing could eventually match or even exceed industrial emissions from the European Union due to the sheer volume of decaying organic matter.

    Meanwhile, permafrost emissions, which are considered to be naturally occurring, are not counted in government commitments to reduce emissions or in the spotlight during UN climate talks. Zimov, with his white beard and cigarette, ignored orders to leave the Arctic when the Soviet Union collapsed and instead found funds to keep the Northeast Science Station near the city in operation in abandoned part of Chersky.

    Citing data from a network of global monitoring stations run by the United States, Zimov says he now believes the Covid-19 pandemic has shown that permafrost has started releasing greenhouse gases.

    A house located on land deformed by thawing permafrost


    An industrial building that was destroyed when the permafrost thawed under its foundations


    Maria Nedostupenko looks out the window at her house which has been damaged by permafrost under its foundations


    Despite the reduction in factory activity around the world during the pandemic, which also significantly slowed global transport, Zimov said the concentration of methane and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased at a faster rate. .

    Entire cities rest on permafrost, and its thaw could cost Russia 7 trillion rubles (£ 750 million) in damage by 2050 if the pace of warming continues, scientists say.

    Built on the assumption that the permafrost would never melt, many homes, pipelines and roads in the far north and east of Russia are now sinking and in increasing need of repair.

    Ice Age Animals

    Zimov wants to slow the thaw in a region of Yakutia by populating a nature reserve called the Pleistocene Park with large herbivores, including bison, horses and camels.

    Sergey tries to take a photo of a camel


    Horses graze in the Pleistocene park


    Such animals trample on the snow, making it much more compact so that the winter cold can penetrate all the way to the ground, rather than acting as a thick insulating blanket.

    Zimov and his son Nikita started introducing animals to the fenced park in 1996 and have so far moved around 200 different species, which they say make the permafrost cooler compared to other areas.

    Bison were trucked in and shipped this summer from Denmark, along the northern sea route, past polar bears and walruses, and through weeks-long storms, before their ship finally headed for the mouth of the Kolyma River to their new home some 6,000 kilometers east.

    The Zimov’s surreal plan for geoengineering a cooler future has extended to providing a home for mammoths, which other scientists hope to resurrect from extinction with genetic techniques, in order to ‘mimic the region’s ecosystem during the last ice age that ended 11,700 years ago. .

    Nikolay Basharin, a scientist, holds a bull’s skull in an underground permafrost laboratory


    Trees tilt precariously at Duvanny Yar


    An article published in Nature’s Scientific reports last year, where the two Zimovs were listed as authors, showed that the animals of the Pleistocene park had halved the average snow depth and the average annual ground temperature of 1.9 ° C, with a even more significant decline in winter and spring.

    Further work is needed to determine whether such “unconventional” methods could be an effective climate change mitigation strategy, but the density of animals in the Pleistocene park – 114 per square kilometer – is expected to be achievable in the panarctic scale, he said.

    And models around the world suggest that the introduction of large herbivores into the tundra could prevent 37% of arctic permafrost from thawing, the newspaper said.


    Nikita was walking in the shallows of the Kolyma River in Duvanny Yar in September when he caught a mammoth tusk and tooth. Such finds have been common for years in Yakutia and especially near rivers where water erodes permafrost.

    Three hours by boat from Chersky, the river bank offers a cross section of the thaw, with a thick layer of exposed ice melting and dripping under layers of dense black earth containing small grass roots.

    Nikita Zimov, the director of the Pleistocene park, holds a piece of mammoth tusk


    A bone is seen on the bank of the Kolyma river


    “If you take the weight of all those roots and decaying organic matter in the permafrost of Yakutia alone, you will find that the weight is greater than the terrestrial biomass of the planet,” says Nikita.

    Scientists say that on average the world has warmed by one degree over the past century, while in Yakutia over the past 50 years the temperature has risen by three degrees.

    Elder Zimov says he has seen for himself how winters have become shorter and milder, while Alexander Fedorov, deputy director of the Melnikov Permafrost Institute in Yakutsk, says he did more to wear fur clothing during the colder months.

    But tackling permafrost emissions, like fires and other so-called natural emissions, presents a challenge because they are not fully accounted for in climate models or international agreements, scientists say.

    “The difficulty is the quantity,” says Chris Burn, professor at Carleton University in Canada and president of the International Permafrost Association. “One or two percent of the carbon in permafrost is the total global emissions for a year.”

    Scientists estimate that the permafrost in the northern hemisphere contains about 1.5 trillion tonnes of carbon, about twice as much as in the atmosphere today, or about three times as much as in all the trees and plants on Earth.

    Nikita says there is no one-size-fits-all solution to global warming. “We are working to prove that these ecosystems will help in the fight, but, of course, our efforts alone are not enough.”

    Photography by Maxim Shemetov, Reuters

    Glacier View Lodge heritage program lights up the Comox Valley Christmas season – Comox Valley Record


    Each Christmas, Glacier View Lodge illuminates a tower of lights to shine over the Comox Valley. The lights are a visual representation of the respect and remembrance of the many people whose lives have been touched by the services at the Lodge.

    “We look forward to expanding our light show this season,” said Liz Friis, director of lifestyle and community programs for residents, in a press release. “On December 3rd, when the lights are on, we invite you to think about the people in your life who have contributed to our amazing community and consider making a donation in their honor or memory to the Lodge’s Legacy of Light Fund. “

    The “Legacy of Light” fund (formerly Book of Lights) enables Glacier View Lodge to carry out a project that will provide a legacy of comfort to current and future residents of the lodge.

    “We thank Soroptimist International de Courtenay for supporting this initiative over the past 35 years,” said Friis.

    Over the past three years, funds from the Legacy of Light campaign have been directed to an interior remodeling project. The Lodge is now working with a company that specializes in designing for people with dementia. The goal is to enhance the beauty of the common areas, make them easier to navigate, and create a goal for some of the Lodge’s smaller gathering areas.

    Building on this project, the plan is to dedicate this year’s campaign funds to begin replacing the curtains in residents’ rooms. New curtains must meet healthcare standards and support GVL’s goal of creating a home-like environment. This is a $ 100,000 project.

    Dedicated to Bronco Moncrief

    The lodge is dedicating this year’s exhibit to a special man, Bronco Moncrief, 94, who has dedicated his life to finding ways to improve the lives of his community of Cumberland and the entire Comox Valley. For over 30 years he has been involved at all levels of local government – as alderman, then mayor of Cumberland. He has served on the Board of Directors of Cumberland Hospital, the Economic Development Board and was President of the Comox Valley Regional District. Following a stroke in 2013, he realized it was time for him and his wife Kay to move into a care home.

    “Miracle of miracles, two rooms, even in the same wing, became available at Glacier View Lodge on the same day,” said her daughter, Julie Smith. “Dad loves his room, which has a breathtaking view of the precious mountains where he hunted, fished and chopped wood.

    Smith is grateful for the care Bronco receives.

    “The caregivers know how to help him while respecting the dignity of dad.

    Bronco and his family appreciate the hard work of everyone at the lodge, from orderlies to nurses, housekeepers, bathroom crews, restorative care and activity helpers, catering workers, attendants to maintenance of the plant and the management team. Bronco knows he lives in a wonderful place.

    “Glacier View Lodge is truly her home,” Julie said.

    The community is invited to support the Legacy of Light fund with a $ 20 purchase of one or more lights in memory or in honor of a loved one. To donate, see the Canada Helps link in the donation section of Lodge’s website at www.glacierviewlodge.ca

    Comox Valley Community

    Finances make the world planet move. Or, at least, that’s exactly what some social people have said.


    Finances make the world planet move. Or, at least, that’s exactly what some social people have said.

    Online cash loans for those with less than perfect credit score.

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    Building for the future


    November 26, 2021

    Memorial University officially opened the spectacular Central Science Facility today, as federal, provincial and university officials celebrated the construction of this sophisticated research and education building.

    “The new base science facility is truly transformative for Memorial University – and the community at large,” said Dr. Vianne Timmons, President and Vice-Chancellor of Memorial. “It is a catalyst for collaboration and new discovery, a rich on-campus learning environment for students and a focal point for the St. John’s campus. We owe a debt of gratitude to former President Gary Kachanoski for his visionary leadership which has led to this new facility.

    Dr. Vianne Timmons was accompanied during the official opening by the Lieutenant Governor. Judy Foote, also official visitor to Memorial; Seamus O’Regan, Jr., Minister of Labor and Member of Parliament for St. John’s South-Mount Pearl, on behalf of Dominic LeBlanc, Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities; Joanne Thompson, MP, St. John’s East; Premier Andrew Furey; and Tom Osborne, Minister of Education.

    The blue whale skeleton hangs in the west atrium of the Core Science Facility.

    Photo: Rich Blenkinsopp

    “Memorial University is unlike any university in the country. It nurtures the economic, social and cultural life of the province, ”said Minister O’Regan, Jr.“ The Core Science Facility builds on a long history of visionary investment in this institution and will serve as a pillar for the science education in Newfoundland and Labrador for years to come. The Government of Canada is pleased to support this project, which offers Memorial University students, researchers and faculty new opportunities for research, collaboration and innovation.

    Ms. Thompson, who represents the district in which the St. John’s campus is located, congratulated everyone who helped create the building.

    “With the Core Science Facility, students, researchers and faculty have access to a world-class building that meets their educational needs and will be an environment that inspires bold learning, engagement and innovation,” he said. she declared.

    Premier Furey highlighted the long-term impacts of a facility that prioritizes interdisciplinary collaboration.

    “This basic science facility will be a centerpiece as Memorial recruits both at home and abroad,” he said. “The students who pass through this facility will bring about significant change over the next several decades, in this province and around the world. The work done here will lead to exciting opportunities in Newfoundland and Labrador for students and researchers, help attract and retain highly qualified personnel in pure and applied sciences, ocean sciences and sustainable aquaculture, and stimulate our economy.

    Minister Osborne agreed, saying “Memorial’s Basic Science Facility will provide world-class educational opportunities to the people of the province. The facility creates an environment for inspired learning, research and innovation that will help shape the future of Newfoundland and Labrador.

    A night view of the building, looking north.  The whale's atrium is illuminated so that the skeleton is clearly visible.
    A night view of the building, looking north.

    Photo: Rich Blenkinsopp

    The overall budget for the Core Science Facility project is $ 325 million. Memorial contributed $ 200 million: $ 25 million from the Memorial University Matching Fund and $ 175 million from a loan program. The Government of Canada, through its New Building Canada Fund, has provided support of $ 99.9 million, with the remaining $ 25.1 million coming from the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

    Designed by HOK and Hearn / Fougere Architecture, the building was inspired by the natural features of the province, especially icebergs. The main construction contract was carried out by Marco Services Limited.

    The project was carried out within budget. The building is a national investment that generated construction spending in several provinces, the majority of which was made by businesses and workers from Newfoundland and Labrador. Almost two million man hours were spent on the construction of the building.

    The building has three pavilions separated by two large vertical spaces of atriums, which focus on the exhibition of science, highlighted by a ground floor designed to be transparent. A large hall on the north side serves as the main entrance hall and the building is connected to the University Center

    Students are seated in a row of tables between the stairs in a triple-height atrium.
    Students use the study space in the Core Science Facility.

    Photo: Rich Blenkinsopp

    Mainly housing the Faculty of Science and the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Sciences, the Basic Science Facility was opened to students in September 2021. Already, more than 3,000 undergraduates and hundreds of graduate students are using the building every week for laboratories and seminars.

    The facility includes Core Research Equipment and Instrument Training Network laboratories, a cryogenics facility, and an aquatic facility. Space is also allocated to the Ocean Frontier Institute, an international and multidisciplinary research partnership led by Memorial University, Dalhousie University and the University of Prince Edward Island.

    The building is also home to a magnificent blue whale skeleton, spanning over 25 meters across the building’s western atrium, made possible by a donation from Mark and Sandra Dobbin, and Craig and Lisa Dobbin, in honor of their late mother, Eleanor “Penney” Dobbin. The whale is believed to inspire the next generation of scientists and researchers, reflect Memorial’s ocean expertise, and underscore the importance of protecting animals and their ecosystems.

    Memorial’s strategic plan, Transforming Our Horizons, provides for dynamic in-person learning spaces, increased interdisciplinary collaboration and research, and a commitment to communities in Newfoundland and Labrador. The Core Science Facility will allow significant action in all the priority areas of the plan.

    The community is welcome to the Core Science Facility and today’s event marks the start of a year of celebration and public engagement. There will be opportunities for former students and their families to visit; a contest to name the blue whale; whale and ocean themed events and activities; and more.

    More information about the Core Science Facility is available online.

    Why researchers want to bring the fast internet to Antarctica


    It looks like the McMurdo station in Antarctica could benefit from high-speed internet access, a modern luxury feature that could connect its remote labs (and seasonal tourist hub) to the rest of the world. The station is located on an island just off the northwestern part of the continent and is America’s largest Antarctic research center.

    At present, Antarctica remains the only continent without a high-speed fiber optic cable connection, The edge reported. But the National Science Foundation began to seriously consider bridging that divide with a new submarine cable that would stretch from Antarctica to New Zealand or Australia.

    [Related: Beams of light—not cables—are carrying the internet across a river in the Congo]

    The submarine cables that run along the seabed function as the backbones supporting the Internet. They carry digital information under countless miles of ocean. TeleGeography has compiled a map showing some 436 cables that connect the global Internet. The process of laying an undersea cable is usually an expensive, multi-part operation involving a specialized boat that can bury the cable neatly wrapped in the seabed.

    Currently, Antarctic researchers use satellites to send their collected data to the outside world, The edge noted, with a limited amount of allocated bandwidth per person. Sometimes scientists use hard drives to physically transport their data home instead of instantly sharing it with colleagues in real time, which in the long run can slow down the rate at which research can evolve or limit computing power. which can be used to process the data. E&E News once suggested that even space has better internet than Antarctica.

    [Related: A 10-million-pound undersea cable just set an internet speed record]

    On a personal note for the occupants of the station, it would allow them to feel less alone for long periods of time, allowing them to better stay in touch with their family, friends, colleagues and to communicate their science to the general public.

    A year of NSF-sponsored workshops on solutions to this problem culminated in a 138-page report released in October describing the potential benefits of an underwater internet cable and suggesting how and where to build it. Additionally, the report pointed out that it might be possible to add sensors to the cable to collect new types of scientific data from Earth, such as the behavior of sea ice in water or how different marine animals move across the ocean.

    Peter Neff, glaciologist and climatologist at the University of Minnesota, summarized their findings in a Twitter feed, stating that overall, “existing and future Antarctic research would be improved if bandwidth limitations were removed”.

    “A new submarine cable could be built with instrumentation that would itself allow significant new research and understanding of the Southern Ocean and Antarctica,” he wrote. “Building a SMART cable providing essentially unlimited bandwidth to McMurdo Stn. is feasible and could also serve as a platform to extend connectivity to deep-field research sites and critical research programs at the Amundsen-Scott station at the South Pole.

    Next steps include NSF and the Department of Defense drafting an engineering design study that will estimate the cost of the cable and related infrastructure, and then establish a possible construction schedule. NSF will review the final plan before giving final approval for the project.

    Meanwhile, it has become increasingly difficult for scientists to learn more about Antarctica as the continent is in the midst of total collapse. There are still many uncertainties about the extent of the Antarctic melting and the impact of this melting on the world’s oceans. The fragile icy environment is quickly falling apart, and scientists are working quickly to track the fallout.

    Wealth lies beneath the waters of the Russian Arctic


    RTHE BIGGEST IN US component republic is Yakutia. It extends well into the Arctic Circle and is as large as Germany, France, Great Britain, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Finland and Romania combined, but with a population of ‘barely 1 million inhabitants. In the last decade, the retreat of the pack ice has opened up a new shipping route along its coast, the Northern Sea Route (RSN). It is the shortest passage between the ports of East Asia and West Europe, but its icy waters also offer something even more precious: geological wealth, in the form of cobalt, tin and metals. rare earths, deep below the surface.

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    Harsh weather and other obstacles to extraction make prospecting along the RSN a formidable enterprise. Nevertheless, many Russian state weapons as well as private investors have already set their sights on these underwater minerals, in addition to the region’s oil and gas. The discoveries of deposits on land give hope for new offshore bonuses. The nodules, tiny balls of oxides scattered on the ocean floor and first identified off the coast of Siberia, hold great promise. They contain minerals that can be used in everything from electronics to rechargeable batteries.

    But there is a problem. Nodules form when seawater enters magma chambers deep under the seabed. This water is heated to extreme temperatures before rising to the surface by chimney-shaped vents, in fact underwater volcanoes. The process leaches metals from the earth’s crust and deposits them on the seabed. But the mouths also warm the water in their proximity, which supports remarkable ecosystems on the seabed. These habitats are poorly understood and it would take decades to fully study them. In the absence of proper environmental controls, biologists and oceanographers fear that extracting minerals from around air vents could destroy irreplaceable habitats.

    “Impact assessment is easier to do on earth,” explains Javier Escartin of the Laboratoire de Géologie, a university institution in Paris. “We don’t have data on the ocean, where ecosystems are often so fragile that they don’t recover on a human scale.” An assessment along the RSN would require sophisticated robots to collect samples and map the seabed – efforts that some say would be so costly as to make the exploitation of underwater resources unsustainable.

    For now, Russian mining companies are being watched. Alrosa, Russia’s largest diamond producer, describes Yakutia as “a northern frontier for short-term exploration,” although the company provided no details. Nornickel, a large nickel producer off the Taimyr Peninsula, stresses the need for green building standards but “does not conduct deep-sea mining and does not currently plan to do so”. Yet in 2001, Russia submitted a request to extend its exclusive economic zone by 200 nautical miles from the coast to the North Pole, in some places.

    Completely frozen just 20 years ago, Yakutia’s waters are now navigable by ordinary ships for four months a year, and global warming will likely widen that window. As the crossing becomes busier, many see alarming risks: in addition to environmental impact studies, calls for greater protection of indigenous peoples, restrictions on dredging and pollution, and transparency. concerning mining operations are launched. “Regulations are insufficient, especially now that the Arctic is open for business,” said Malte Humpert, founder of The Arctic Institute, an American think tank. The RSN, it seems, is an emerging economic and environmental flashpoint, both above and below water. â– 

    This article appeared in the Europe section of the print edition under the title “Les bijoux de Poseidon”

    A new car to be won if the west coast reaches 90% of vaccines by Christmas


    All double-vaccinated West Coaster residents will be entered into the raffle to win a new car if the area reaches 90 percent full vaccines by Christmas.

    Development West Coast has partnered with Gray Ford to launch the ‘Car up for Jabs’ campaign with the aim of increasing the overdue vaccination rate in the region.

    The west coast has the lowest vaccination rate on the South Island, with 87% of its residents having received their first dose. This is the only DHB area on the South Island not to have reached 90% for the first doses.

    According to the Ministry of Health, 3,661 vaccines still need to be administered for the region to be 90% fully vaccinated.

    * Covid-19: vouchers, cash prizes offered to boost vaccination rates on west coast as red looms
    * West Coast DHB goes by motorhome to aim for 90 first doses per day
    * Buller has the lowest vaccination rates on the South Island – how can he catch up?

    West Coast Development General Manager Heath Milne, Gray Mayor Tania Gibson, and Gray Ford Sales Consultant Greg Bell.


    West Coast Development General Manager Heath Milne, Gray Mayor Tania Gibson, and Gray Ford Sales Consultant Greg Bell.

    Development West Coast chief executive Heath Milne said the price of a new Ford Escape or 2WD Ranger would only be offered if the West Coast reached the magical 90% double vaccination mark by the end of the year. Christmas Eve. All West Coast residents who received a double hit would be eligible to win. The winner would be chosen at random by the West Coast District Health Board, which had information on immunization.

    “We are focusing on the goal of reaching 90% to bring Aucklanders here. Reaching 90% by Christmas and staying away from restrictive alert levels will give the economy a real boost. “

    The tourism industry of Franz Josef and Fox Glacier in particular needed a lifeline, he said.

    Milne says people should encourage their companions to get vaccinated.


    Milne says people should encourage their companions to get vaccinated.

    Development West Coast surveyed city businesses to better understand the economic and social impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.

    He revealed that three other businesses had closed and one had reopened since its last investigation in February, meaning 16 businesses had closed since the start of the pandemic.

    Some 152 people had left town, including 10 students from local schools and 29 volunteers from community groups.

    Ninety percent of business owners say their mental health has been negatively affected by Covid-19.

    Dean Kozanic / Stuff

    Ninety percent of business owners say their mental health has been negatively affected by Covid-19.

    90% of business owners who responded rated their mental health as neutral to very negative and 48% wanted mental health and wellness services.

    Logan Skinner, owner of Glacier Country Campervan Park and Terrace Motel, said he believed the investigation did not reveal the extent of the problem.

    “The companies that went bankrupt weren’t there to do the survey and the people who are really in terrible shape didn’t complete it either. I’m very worried about a few people in town, ”he said.

    It's a good time for Kiwis to see the <a class=glaciers before international tourists return.” style=”width:100%;display:inline-block”/>


    It’s a good time for Kiwis to see the glaciers before international tourists return.

    “There are unvaccinated business owners now wondering if they should shut down their business. It is additional pressure.

    He was disappointed with this week’s border announcement, saying it would make it worse this summer for ice cream companies.

    It made no sense for people in areas of Australia that did not have Covid to have to self-isolate for seven days while Aucklanders were free to travel to the South Island, he said. -he declares.

    The seven-day self-isolation requirement would deter tourists, but would not prevent Kiwis from traveling to Australia or the Pacific Islands instead of visiting the South Island, he said.

    A mobile vaccination team for the West Coast DHB - one of three teams that travel the area in a motorhome to reach more people.


    A mobile vaccination team for the West Coast DHB – one of three teams that travel the area in a motorhome to reach more people.

    “It doesn’t help Franz Josef. This summer will be worse than last summer.

    “This is the start of the reopening process, but in the short term, many businesses will not survive next winter. It is very little very late.

    Meanwhile, cash, vouchers, music and food are said to be offered at a vaccination event in Westport on Saturday.

    For more details on vaccination clinics and mobile / pop-up clinics on the west coast, visit vaccinatecanterburywestcoast.nz

    The Payday Lender Battle: A State Bank’s Game


    It’s a problem that many people face: the need for short-term cash before their next paycheck. Payday lenders often charge high interest rates and fees, which can put borrowers in a worse financial position than when they started. But what if there was another option? Imagine having access to an online bank that offered payday loans with lower interest rates and no hidden fees – that would be like giving consumers the right to choose again! This blog post explains how the State Bank of Texas could challenge payday lenders by offering low-cost loans to customers statewide.

    Why is a state bank better than payday lenders?

    It’s a problem that many people face: the need for short-term cash before their next paycheck. Payday lenders often charge high rates and fees, which can put borrowers in a worse financial position than when they started. But what if there was another option? Imagine having access to an online bank that offered payday loans with lower rates and no hidden fees – that would be like giving consumers the right to choose again! This blog post explains how the State Bank of Texas could challenge payday lenders by offering low-cost loans to customers statewide.

    What’s the downside of state-owned banks for customers and why might it not be as good as people think it is?

    Currently, there are not enough banks or credit unions to meet demand in every state across the country. And while state-owned banks would offer lower rates and fees than payday lenders, they could still have higher rates than traditional banks, which could worsen consumers’ finances.

    The State Bank of Texas could seek a reduction in licensing fees that other financial institutions pay if it succeeds in challenging payday lenders with its low-cost loans. But critics say this kind of “compromise” should be offered to all existing financial service providers, as only new players will benefit from reduced licensing costs. For clients who cannot find an affordable loan through SBOs because their needs exceed what these companies offer, the trade-offs mean less resources available in the industry to help the millions of people who need short loans. term today.

    In order for the State Bank of Texas payday loan rates and fees to be competitive with those of payday lenders, it may need more than just a reduction in licensing costs – perhaps. also be tax breaks that could reduce its income enough to offer customers lower prices. interest rates and fees.

    State banks may provide payday loans at lower rates and fees than payday lenders, but the interest rates are not as good as those of traditional banks. “If consumers cannot find an affordable loan through SBOs, the industry may have fewer resources to help them meet their short-term credit needs. This could worsen the financial situation of consumers, ”said Ozren Casillas of Consolidation Now. State Bank of Texas payday loan rates and fees may need to be competitive with payday lenders for payday loans to be affordable enough for the bank to offer customers interest rates and fees. lower.

    How would a state bank be better for consumers than traditional banks?

    At present, payday lenders are the only option for many consumers who are in need of short term loans. Traditional banks offer payday loans at high rates with hidden fees that put customers in a worse financial situation than when they started out – it’s like leaving them no choice! If the state Bank of Texas can successfully challenge payday lenders by offering low cost loans on reasonable terms to customers statewide, more people will have access to secure and affordable credit options. This would be great news for those who cannot find an affordable loan from traditional banks because their needs exceed what these companies offer; as well as anyone else struggling with debt due to unforeseen expenses or other issues beyond their control. https://consolidationnow.com/payday-loan-debt-relief/

    The biggest advantage is that state banks could lower interest rates by reducing the license fees that payday lenders are required to pay. While payday lenders should still charge high rates if they want to make a profit, state banks could offer much lower interest rates without wasting money due to the reduced costs, meaning that customers will have better access to affordable credit options, especially those who can. You can’t find an affordable loan from traditional banks for reasons such as their needs beyond what these companies offer or other financial issues beyond their control.

    However, it may take more than just a reduction in license fees to make payday lenders’ rates and fees competitive with payday lenders – perhaps also tax breaks that could reduce income enough. to offer customers lower interest rates and fees. The biggest challenge is finding ways not only to become sustainable, but also to provide customers with the services they need at affordable rates.

    The advantages of having a state bank over private banks

    The main advantage of having a state bank instead of a private bank is that payday lenders would not be able to offer lower rates and fees than traditional banks because the licensing costs are too high. Thus, more people will have access to affordable credit options, especially those who cannot find an affordable payday loan from payday lenders or traditional banks.

    Three epic adventures you can only have in Canada


    As the floodgates open to international travel in 2022 and Australians plan their Canadian adventure, one thing is certain: they want it to count.

    If the pandemic has taught us anything, it’s that every travel experience is special, and there are moments that have the capacity to change your perspective forever.

    From a White Christmas in the Canadian Rockies to spotting monolithic icebergs and encountering polar bears in the wild, read on for three mind-blowing adventures best experienced in Canada.

    1. Christmas white magic

    A quintessential white Christmas holds a special place near the top of the to-do list for most Australian travelers.

    The Canadian Rocky Mountain province of Alberta is an idyllic winter wonderland that will trigger heartwarming nostalgia in anyone who has ever watched a winter Christmas movie on a hot Australian Christmas day.

    Spend the holiday season at the quaint Fairmont Chateau Lake Louise, surely the intended subject of “Walking in a Winter Wonderland”, where sleigh rides adorned with bells crisscross the shores of frozen Lake Louise between snow-capped pines, and the castle is adorned. of Christmas trees whose balls shine as bright as burning fireplaces.

    The neighboring Township of Banff celebrates six weeks of Christmas festivities, including a hot chocolate trail and the Banff Christmas markets. An afternoon on snowshoes, a fondue lunch or an ice walk in Johnston Canyon will make this a Christmas you will never forget.

    But don’t take our word for it. Join Brian Johnston as he tumbles into Sugar Plum Fairy’s boudoir on an enchanting Christmas in the Rockies.

    2. Come face to face with a polar bear

    It’s one thing to see a polar bear on Instagram, it’s quite another to meet one in the wild (a good distance!) And Canada is one of the few places on Earth where this unique dream becomes. reality.

    Fall in love with the awe-inspiring beauty of the subarctic landscapes of Churchill, Manitoba, known as the “Polar Bear Capital of the World,” and feel that keen thrill of excitement when you stand near the mighty polar bear.

    Churchill is the only place in the world that offers a polar bear walking tour. Fly by bush plane to one of Churchill Wild’s three exclusive wilderness lodges, each conveniently located in remote areas for the ultimate polar bear safari experience.

    Take a daily guided hike through the tundra to see polar bears and other arctic wildlife up close in their natural habitat.

    Read on to find out what it feels like to see the ultimate barrier-free arctic predator: Meanwhile in Canada… it’s time to face the polar bears.

    3. Hunt the ‘shepherds

    Time stands still as you witness the breathtaking spectacle of the colossal parade of mountains of ice along “Iceberg Alley”.

    You are here, standing on Canada’s most easterly point in the wild and mystical Atlantic province of Newfoundland and Labrador, where puffins adorn cliffs, wild blueberries line the hills and ancient glacial giants make an annual Arctic procession as a showcase movement of Mother Nature’s best work.

    In fact, it was an iceberg just like one of those 10,000-year-old monoliths that sank the Titanic in 1912, just over 600 kilometers off the coast of Newfoundland. Today, locals make good use of icebergs, harvesting the pristine ice to make vodka, beer, gin and rum.

    Visit between May and August for the best chance to witness this extraordinary phenomenon.

    Paddle along the ‘bergs in a sea kayak and discover the rugged beauty of breathtaking sea caves, coves and fjords, or hike along the coast and admire the glittering ice sculptures as they drift through Iceberg Alley to a soundtrack of boreal songbirds.

    From whale watching to icebergs, Newfoundland’s natural sights are as alluring as the living cultures and traditions of its communities, tinged with Irish, English, French and Indigenous influences.

    Read on to immerse yourself in the old world charm of L’Anse aux Meadows, with its rich Viking history, rugged, rugged coastline, and salt-of-the-earth figures that make you feel like you never want to leave.

    Logbooks related to Antarctic explorers Shackleton and Scott found in storage room | New Zealand


    “Priceless” artifacts related to Antarctic explorers Ernest Shackleton and Capt Robert Falcon Scott were unearthed in a surprise find in the dark storage room of the New Zealand Weather Service.

    Metservice staff came across a set of logbooks from some of the most famous Antarctic expeditions as they prepared to move buildings in Wellington.

    The 1916-17 logbook of the famous Aurora sailboat records conditions during the rescue mission to rescue members of the 1914-16 Shackleton Transantarctic Expedition from Ross Island in Antarctica.

    Other finds include two logbooks dated 1910 and 1911 from Terra Nova, the ship that carried Scott and his team in the tragic attempt to be the first person to reach the South Pole. Inventories and letters from Sir Douglas Mawson, a famous Australian geologist and Antarctic explorer, have also been discovered.

    Members of Shackleton’s expedition played football on the ice in 1915. They were rescued by the Aurora, whose logs were discovered in Wellington. Photograph: Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge / Getty Images

    Kevin Alder, MetService’s director for weather data services, was handed the documents by a colleague and asked if they were worth holding onto. When Alder opened one and saw the words Terra Nova inside, he was stunned.

    “No one had a clue they even existed. I mean, it’s long forgotten, they’ve probably been sitting on the same shelf for 50 years,” Alder said.

    Alder says the documents not only detail weather conditions and vessel positions, but also make observations of penguins, killer whales, the smoking Mt Erebus volcano and the state of sea ice.

    “It’s a little glimpse over time of the conditions on certain days.

    “Shackleton’s ship – you can see the weather the day his ship actually arrived to save the stranded group. Scott’s ship documents – one of them is the transit through the Indian Ocean. So it’s not Antarctica but it’s still the Terra Nova with Scott on board en route to Antarctica and it’s just amazing.

    “It’s such an amazing story that has been revealed now, 110 years later… I get very emotional when I think about it and talk about it,” Alder said.

    The artifacts were in excellent condition, he said, as they had been kept in a dark, cool room. “There is hardly any deterioration. It’s amazing, because they were written in old ink with quill pens.

    Metservice chief executive Stephen Hunt said it was an important find.

    “The documents certainly have meteorological value, but more importantly, they are invaluable historical artifacts from a time of extreme courage and sacrifice.

    “These expeditions included scientific discoveries and research, including careful recording of geographic, meteorological and ocean conditions. Scott, Shackleton and Mawson faced extreme polar conditions and went to great lengths to record observed and measured data in handwritten logs, ”he said.

    Metservice is now in discussions with New Zealand institutions, including the government and the New Zealand Antarctic Heritage Trust, on where the documents should be kept.

    5 things to do with the family this weekend


    Once Thanksgiving leftovers are packed, the Tampa Bay area has loads of things to do with family and all out of town visitors this weekend.

    There are light shows you can walk through, ice rinks have popped up in soft spots by the water’s edge, and there are sand sculptures and kites flying over the beach.

    Related: Four seasonal rinks arrive in the Tampa Bay area

    If you’re looking for an excuse to get out of your home, here are some ideas.

    The 80-foot illuminated Christmas tree shone through the center of the maze at Enchant Christmas at Tropicana Field in 2019. The illuminated maze returns from November 26 to January 2. [ DIRK SHADD | Tampa Bay Times ]

    Enchant Christmas

    Lights, ice skating and Santa Claus will return to Tropicana Field starting Friday, and new this year is a simulated North Pole night sky with thousands of lights synchronized on the stadium ceiling.

    The Maze of Light, which will run until January 2, was a big hit when it opened in 2019, with many sold-out weekends. This did not happen in 2020 because of the pandemic. Tickets start at $ 25, $ 20 for ages 3-17. Seniors, military, and EMS workers can save $ 3 on regular adult tickets. Prices increase, depending on the date chosen, to EnchantChristmas.com.

    The Tampa Winter Village <a class=Ice Rink at Curtis Hixon Park will open from November 26 to January 2.” class=”lazy” src=”data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg xmlns=”http://www.w3.org/2000/svg” viewBox=”0 0 6000 4000″/%3E” style=”object-position:50% 50%;transition:opacity 0.5s ease 0.5s;opacity:0″ title=”The Tampa Winter Village Ice Rink at Curtis Hixon Park will open from November 26 to January 2.”/>
    The Tampa Winter Village Ice Rink at Curtis Hixon Park will open from November 26 to January 2. [ LUIS SANTANA | Times ]

    Ice skating

    Curtis Hixon Park in downtown Tampa and St. Pete’s Pier both have waterfront ice rinks that have opened for the holiday season. Winter Village in downtown Tampa has a tented ice rink open daily from 11:00 am to 11:00 pm by the river. It uses a paperless ticketing system at wintervillagetampa.com where $ 17 allows you to rent skates and 75 minutes on the ice. At the St. Pete Pier, it also costs $ 17 for skate rentals and 75 minutes of skating at winterbeachstpete.com/ice-skating.

    Canadian artist Abe Waterman is working on his piece, "Circular argument" for the Sanding Ovations sand sculpture event on Treasure Island in 2018. The event is back and Treasure Island will also be hosting a kite festival from November 26-28.
    Canadian artist Abe Waterman is working on his piece, “Circular Argument” for the Sanding Ovations sand sculpture event on Treasure Island in 2018. The event is back and Treasure Island will also be hosting a kite festival on the 26th. to November 28. [ Tampa Bay Times (2018) ]

    Treasure island

    There is a beach kite festival this weekend and also an “extra weekend” of Sanding Ovations, the annual sand sculpture competition on Treasure Island. Kites fly from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Friday through Sunday, and you can also see the sand sculptures along Treasure Island Beach Trail Park, 10400 Gulf Blvd., Treasure Island.

    ZooTampa at Lowry Park is bringing Christmas back to the wild with new light shows and other holiday features added on 18 selected nights through December 30.
    ZooTampa at Lowry Park is bringing Christmas back to the wild with new light shows and other holiday features added on 18 selected nights through December 30. [ ZooTampa ]
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    ZooTampa in Lowry Park has improved its holiday game with Christmas in the Wild. There are six new illuminated light zones, including two light shows across the entire Manatee Circle. Shows are every 15 minutes. And you can dance and play reindeer games at the Wallaroo Wrap Party.

    The zoo’s Africa Tunnel will be transformed into an ice cave of glowing lights, and the Roaring Springs area will be transformed into Tacky Christmas, where holiday decorations get ridiculous.

    Admission is $ 29.95; Reservation fee of $ 5 for members reimbursed in the form of a voucher. It runs from 4:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. on Friday and Saturday and some evenings until December 30. 1101 W Sligh Ave, Tampa. (813) 935-8552.

    The elaborate Florida-themed light displays and traditional winter vacation will be $ 25 per car starting Friday at the Hillsborough County Fairgrounds in Brandon.
    The elaborate Florida-themed light displays and traditional winter vacation will be $ 25 per car starting Friday at the Hillsborough County Fairgrounds in Brandon. [ EVE EDELHEIT | Times (2012) ]

    Light shows

    A number of locations will be activated by dazzling light displays starting on Friday. Christmas lights in the gardens will illuminate Largo’s Florida Botanical Gardens with 1 million twinkling LED lights in a multitude of colors. Vibrant laser lights and illuminated figures complete the display to wow guests of all ages. Suggested donation: $ 10 for 13 years old and over. It opens from 5:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. every evening starting Friday at 12520 Ulmerton Road, Largo. (727) 582-2117. flbgfoundation.org. In Brandon, the Festival of lights is a drive-thru nearly three kilometers of continuous light features followed by a festive walking tour of Santa Claus Village. The elaborate Florida-themed light shows and traditional winter holidays are complemented by individual presentations depicting Christmas, Hanukkah and Kwanzaa. $ 25 per car (up to 8 people). 6 p.m. to 10 p.m. nightly starting Friday at Hillsborough County Fairgrounds, 215 Sydney Washer Road, Brandon. (813) 737-3247. hillsboroughcountyfair.com. In the city of plants, Glorious Night: A Driving Christmas Light Show is a 30 minute light show with Christmas carols, a story of hope and thousands of programmed Christmas lights. To free. 6 pm-10pm every evening from Friday. First Plant City Baptist Church, 3309 James L. Redman Parkway, Plant City. (813) 752-4104. fbcpc.com

    UNESCO General Conference adopts resolution on mountain glacier protection initiated by Kyrgyzstan


    UNESCO General Conference adopts resolution on mountain glacier protection initiated by Kyrgyzstan

    AKIPRESS.COM – The General Conference of UNESCO adopted the resolution on the preservation of mountain glaciers entitled “Extension of the monitoring and study of mountain glaciers” initiated by Kyrgyzstan at its 41st session on November 23, said the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyzstan.

    The resolution was declared by President Sadyr Japarov during the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly in September 2021.

    In addition to the support of all Member States, the following Member States have become co-sponsors of the Kyrgyzstan resolution: Switzerland, Russia, Uzbekistan, Serbia, Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, Philippines, Tunisia, Spain, Madagascar, Argentina, Congo, Korea, Italy, Belarus, Kenya, Gabon, Namibia, Kazakhstan, Iceland, United Kingdom, Austria.

    The main objective of the resolution is to strengthen international cooperation in the monitoring and study of mountain glaciers and permafrost through joint efforts to preserve a safe and sustainable environment for future generations, in accordance with the principles of the Program. of sustainable development by 2030.

    The centuries-old glaciers, rivers and biodiversity of Kyrgyzstan’s mountain ecosystems are threatened with extinction. Melting glaciers will have far-reaching effects on priority mountain and valley ecosystems of global importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services.

    Thanks to tax lawyers like you! – ITEP


    .ITEP staff

    Here at ITEP, we want to thank and say that we are grateful for all the hard work state advocates across the country are doing to secure progressive tax policy victories. As in Arizona, where supporters of an income tax surtax for wealthy residents were able to collect enough signatures to force a veto referendum on legislation recently signed by the governor that would implement a flat tax of 2.5 %. In the Sunshine State, meanwhile, cities are pushing back a law that gives the Florida the governor and the administration have a right of veto over local budgets and tax revenues. And the lawyers in Ohio are hard at work, showing how unfair severance pay has cost the state over $ 1 billion.

    Main tax proposals and developments of the State

    • ARIZONAthe secretary of state announced that enough signatures have been collected to initiate a veto referendum to overturn an income tax bill that would cut rates and ultimately create a flat rate of 2.5%. Although the veto referendum is scheduled for the November 2022 ballot, it will have to overcome several challenges in court. – MARCO GUZMAN
    • State officials have confirmed that a lower income tax rate will appear to COLORADONovember 2022 poll. The proposal would reduce the state’s 4.55% fixed rate to 4.4%. – MARCO GUZMAN
    • LOUISIANA voters approved a tax swap it would rid the state of its federal tax deduction and use it to reduce income tax rates. The constitutional amendment also reduces the maximum tax rate allowed in the state constitution from 6 to 4.75 percent. Voters also rejected the centralization of sales tax collection. – NEVA BUTKUS

    State gathering

    What we read

    • The Massachusetts Center for Budget and Policy highlights several progressive tax policies that can help small businesses.
    • A new report from Tax Policy Center invite public finance economists to focus racial equity in their research.
    • Route fifty reports on a new trend for state and local parks and recreation departments to broaden their understanding of “recreation” to include e-sports, as an increasing number of localities now host online video game tournaments for residents.
    • Comment from Policy Matters Ohio in the Ohio Capital Journal demonstrates how Ohio lost $ 1.2 billion due to unfair severance taxes that favor energy companies.
    • A contributor to Sacramento Bee compared the California Lottery to the predatory payday lending industry and argues that it should be shut down.

    If you like what you see in the recap (or even if you don’t) please send comments or advice for future posts to Meg Wiehe at [email protected]. Click here to register and receive the summary by email.

    The Recorder – My Turn: A nation in need of collective soul


    Full speed!

    This was the mandate insisted on by the elite passengers of the unsinkable Titanic as it embarked on its fateful voyage. Although the captain and others urged caution due to the icebergs, the privileged few refused to acknowledge any risk as the ship accelerated towards its destination.

    Today, the stubborn “full speed ahead” approach dominates fringe members of both political parties who adhere to diametrically opposed agendas. Far-right Republicans remain indebted to Donald Trump for fear of alienating his constituency. Their mantra is a constant personal attack on Democrats and all of their proposals and they scold any Republican who disagrees. These fringe members tolerate rather than condemn violence and they exonerate any Republican who engages in such behavior. Forbidden to offer any bipartisan cooperation, many of the antics of these members would be punished with detention if they were in high school.

    At the same time, “AOC” and other members of the Democratic fringe, while passionate about their cause, insist on a program that repairs every incident of financial, ethnic or racial injustice since the founding of the country. They demand a complete overhaul of nouns, adjectives, and pronouns that offend anyone.

    A prime example is the national debate over the elimination of all Native American nicknames for amateur or professional sports teams. Rightly so, the nickname “Redskins” was dropped because it was still a disrespectful caricature. However, rather than letting a representative sample of Native Americans decide which other nicknames are offensive as opposed to communities of guilty white citizens whose solution was to eliminate all nicknames. What’s wrong with the leaders, the brave and the warriors, who, like the patriots, the minutes and the generals, were valiant and courageous leaders? Yet we are strangled by the search for equality as evidenced by the two-year debate over a new Washington NFL franchise name. How about the Native Americans in Washington and a Patriots Super Bowl vs Native Americans.

    In marriage and child rearing, we learn early on that when disagreements arise, it is best to “choose your points and your battles wisely.” The reminder should be posted in the House and Senate chambers.

    In the White House, President Biden is the proverbial Lord of the Flies, presiding over an assembly of officials who subordinate principle to self-interest. At this point, the president might consider using an automated call to many members of Congress with a recording of “Why Don’t You Just Meet Me in the Middle” by Maren Morris.

    Moderate, non-marginal members of Congress and the electorate now typically hang in the middle of a rope in a tug-of-war between the fringes. Typically, they end up lining up on the winning side, but then expect immediate results.

    The media, too often, cover the details of every vile tug of war in political disputes, but fail to give substantive coverage to less newsworthy substantive achievements.

    Americans are overwhelmingly in favor of term limits. Still, the major power players in Congress got into the ’70s and have been entrenched for decades. In order to pass term limits, these same members would be required to propose and pass legislation. How often do tenants file their own eviction notices?

    In the days leading up to the Revolution, Thomas Paine wrote his famous treatise entitled “Common Sense”. A strong supporter of independence from Britain, Paine concluded his essay with the following:

    “Instead of looking at each other with suspicious or dubious curiosity, may each of us extend the warm hand of friendship to our neighbor and unite to draw a line that… will bury all previous dissensions into oblivion.

    In World War II, the larger generation fought and died to protect the United States, not the dysfunctional divided party leaders who portray Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton as best friends.

    Perhaps even more convincing were the words of Robert F. Kennedy in his address “The Threat of Indiscriminate Violence in America” on April 5, 1968, in the wake of the assassination of Martin Luther King. His words are expected to be played out today at a joint session of Congress:

    …. ‘Too often we honor the swagger and the swagger and the force-holders. Too often we excuse those who are willing to build their own lives on the shattered dreams of other human beings. Some Americans who preach nonviolence abroad do not practice it at home. Some who accuse others of riots and incitement to riots have, by their own conduct, invited them. Some are looking for scapegoats, others for plots. But this is clear: violence breeds violence, repression breeds retaliation, and only a cleansing of our entire society can eradicate disease from our souls.

    Marginal leaders in today’s polarized society and government must heed the above messages. If they remain reluctant to do so and continue with their current program of division and disrespect, the country will certainly continue to forge ahead “at full speed”. Eventually, however, like the Titanic, we’ll be faced with a similar reality: Iceberg straight ahead.

    Steven E. Kramer, a native of Greenfield and a graduate of Deerfield Academy ’71, lives in Mashpee.

    This Airbus A340 flew from Cape Town to Antarctica in a world first


    (Photo: Marc Bow / Hi Fly)

    • An Airbus A340 weighing 190 tonnes landed on the Antarctic runway carved out of blue glacial ice on November 2.
    • Little was known about the flight from Cape Town International Airport to the Wolf’s Fang runway in Antarctica.
    • But now a logbook detailing the record flight and landing has been released.
    • The plane is expected to carry scientists, cargo and tourists to the White Continent in the summer.
    • For more stories, visit www.BusinessInsider.co.za.

    For the first time in history, an Airbus A340 successfully landed in Antarctica. The plane left Cape Town earlier in November and is expected to carry tourists to the White Continent over the coming summer season.

    With a maximum take-off weight of 275 tonnes, the Airbus A340 is one of the heaviest aircraft to land on the Antarctic runway carved out of blue ice. The record-breaking flight, operated by Lisbon-based Hi Fly, which specializes in providing commercial aircraft for hire with crew, took place on November 2.

    And although the A340-313HGW (High Gross Weight) 9H-SOL was retrieved from flight monitoring platforms earlier this month, with its flight path drawing attention, Hi Fly had not participated. to the operation, according to Simple Flying.

    Flight to Antarctica

    (Photo: Marc Bow / Hi Fly)

    Flight tracking service RadarBox.com showed that 9H-SOL had made two flights from Cape Town to Antarctica, the first on November 1 and the second on November 4.

    Hi Fly revealed the purpose of the flights on Monday, along with a log detailing the trip and the preparations needed to make the landing a success.

    Flight to Antarctica

    (Photo: Marc Bow / Hi Fly)

    The inaugural flight took off from Cape Town International Airport at 8:00 a.m. with 23 passengers on board. “A beautiful morning in Cape Town and magnificent views,” noted Carlos Mirpuri, Hi Fly vice president and captain.

    It took approximately 5 hours at 9AM-SOL to travel the 2,500 nautical miles – or 4,630 kilometers – to Wolf’s Fang Runway (WFR) in the North Antarctic region. The Wolf’s Fang runway is 3,000 meters long and 60 meters wide, with planes landing on hard, open ice about 1.4 kilometers deep.

    Flight to Antarctica

    (Photo: Marc Bow / Hi Fly)

    “Carrying fuel to cover both directions means we would land at a maximum landing mass of 190 tonnes,” the captain’s log explained.

    “Add the fact that we are operating on an airfield carved out of blue ice and it is easy to understand that the very first Airbus A340 landing there drew a lot of attention and anxiety.”

    Flight to Antarctica

    (Photo: Marc Bow / Hi Fly)

    The reflection on the white Antarctic surface has been described as “huge” and requiring appropriate goggles to help the pilot adjust between the outside view and the instrumentation.

    “It’s not easy to spot the track, but at some point we have to see it because there is absolutely no navigation aid in WFR and from about 20 miles. [32 kilometres] we need to be in eye contact.

    Flight to Antarctica

    (Photo: Marc Bow / Hi Fly)

    The Airbus A340, carrying enough fuel to cover the round trip to Cape Town, landed at around 190 tonnes.

    “We did a classic approach for a rough landing, and the aircraft performed exactly as expected. When we reached taxi speed, I could hear a round of applause from the cabin. We were happy. After all, we were making history, ”the captain’s diary noted.

    Hi Fly did not reveal its Antarctic client, but explained that “the plane will be used this season to transport a small number of tourists, alongside scientists and essential cargo to the white continent.”

    White Desert, which organizes luxury Antarctic tourist expeditions with a Gulfstream G550 jet, recently confirmed that it is looking to share an Airbus A340 with scientists and cargo.

    White Desert offers one-day adventures – dubbed “The Biggest Day” – priced at $ 14,500 (almost R 230,000) to 8-day trips to the South Pole to see Emperor Penguins for $ 83,000 $ (1.3 million rand).

    Its latest offering is a New Years Eve experience that allows travelers to spend the last day of 2021 – and the first day of 2022 – at one of White Desert’s luxury camps in Antarctica. It costs around $ 27,500 (R 433,000).

    (Compiled by Luke Daniel)

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    Go to the Business Insider home page for more stories.

    Santa Clarita lights up the main street


    By Chris Torres

    Signal editor

    After the clock struck 6:30 p.m., the noise from the crowds intensified with the impatience to see Old Town Newhall Main Street lit up by Christmas lights.

    Santa Clarita Mayor Bill Miranda counted down from five while Councilor Cameron Smyth flipped the switch to in-person turn on the city’s first ceremonial Christmas tree lighting since 2019 .

    After hosting the annual event virtually last year, Santa Clarita City Council was able to host Light Up Main Street in person on Saturday outside the Old Town Newhall Library to ring in the holiday season.

    Cameron Smyth, Santa Clarita Councilor, left, flips the switch and Mayor Bill Miranda, right, watches the giant Christmas tree lights come on to kick off the Light Up Main Street event in Santa Clarita, Calif. On Saturday, November 20. 2021. Chris Torres / The Signal

    “After a virtual event last year, it’s wonderful to be back in person to celebrate with all of Santa Clarita,” said Miranda.

    Hundreds of families gathered on Main Street to witness the tree lighting ceremony and to participate in multiple holiday-themed activities, including writing letters to Santa, feeding real reindeer and taking photos with Santa Claus and the Grinch.

    Anahita Perez, a resident of Santa Clarita and mother of two, said the COVID-19 pandemic had taken a toll on her family’s well-being and that by hosting the event in person again, it had done wonders for his sanity.

    “It helps create a sense of normalcy after these past two such chaotic years,” Perez said.

    Mayada Boulos and her daughter Jennifer take a photo with the Grinch at the Light Up Main Street event in Santa Clarita, California on Saturday, November 20, 2021. Chris Torres / The Signal

    Perez also said his family came to the Light Up Main Street event to take photos with Santa, but haven’t been able to do so since 2019.

    The event also included a pit with real snow for the kids to play, giving them a rare opportunity in Santa Clarita. Food trucks, craft tables, and vendors lined the streets with live musical performances by rock band Electric Vinyl playing in the background.

    Despite the activities, food and photo opportunities, Margarita Mercado-Martinez, a first-time attendee at Light Up Main Street, said the best part was seeing the giant 25-foot-tall Christmas tree. high and the main street light up with Christmas. lights.

    “[The lighting ceremony] was very magical, ”said Mercado-Martinez. “See whatever gets you in the Christmas spirit. I will definitely be back next year. ”

    (Left to right) Guillermo Perez, his children Carter and Charlotte, and his wife Anahita take a photo with Santa Claus and Mrs. Claus on Main Street during the Light Up Main Street event in Santa Clarita, Calif. On Saturday November 20, 2021. Chris Torres / The Signal