Home North pole ice Russia plans to launch nine polar-orbiting satellites to monitor the Arctic by 2026

Russia plans to launch nine polar-orbiting satellites to monitor the Arctic by 2026


The satellite technology will also enable high resolution ice monitoring providing ice forecasts with resolution as low as one kilometer.

A total of five Arktika-M satellites are planned according to Gektin.

The Arktika-M concept dates back to 2007, when the Russian government first discussed the need for reliable communication and navigation as well as surveillance capabilities throughout the region.

The first launch was originally planned for 2013, but technical revisions to provide higher resolution surveillance led to repeated delays, so the first unit was not deployed until 2021.

Dual-use and all-weather capabilities

A recent report on Russia’s space assets by the Naval Analysis Center (NAC), a research and development think tank affiliated with the US Department of Defense, concludes that “Moscow has invested heavily in spacecraft projects military and dual-use in recent years. ”

Dual-use satellites collect information and data that can meet both civilian and military needs.

Russia has placed particular emphasis on space surveillance which provides all-weather, day and night radar imagery for the Earth’s surface.

In this regard, the Obzor-R satellite will be of critical importance as it will enhance Russia’s ability to map the Arctic and monitor human-made activities, including shipping and mining, during the night or through clouds when traditional optical satellites cannot operate. .

The CNA researchers point out that Russia’s ability to successfully deploy radar imaging satellites, including those targeting the Arctic, “would indicate major advancements for the military and civilian space sectors in Russia.”