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How to Get Bad Credit Loans with Guaranteed Approval?

How to Get Bad Credit Loans with Guaranteed Approval?

Are you have a poor credit score, and as a result you are hesitant to apply for a loan? It’s always best to be prepared as well as have the capacity to negotiate to be able to meet the requirements. Check your credit report and available assets that can be used to repay the loan. Look for deals that are most suitable for you and provide the best conditions few simple steps.

Access your credit report

There is always room for improvement but we need to do some extra preparation. So, look over the details of your credit report and check for areas that you could improve. Check for any errors and fix these. So, you can get low-interest rates.

In many cases, your credit history is the most important factor when receiving a loan. Based on your credit background, the lender can determine whether the borrower will have enough funds to pay back this loan in full or not. It is advised to examine your credit report at least three months prior to the date you apply for a loan.

Set a goal and plan well

Determine the amount you’ll have to borrow. Then, you should create an outline of how you will make all installments on time. Plan your budget and this includes all expenditures, savings, and debt payments. All of these contribute to the repayment of your loan.

Calculate how much you can save in order to repay a loan. then close the loan, and do it all on time. Keep in mind that long-term personal loans to those with poor credit will have more interest.

Check the rate of interest

Pay attention and be aware whenever you look up interest rates. Some companies might grab your attention through advertisements of low-interest rates, however, the truth could be completely different. Be cautious when you take in these ads. Also, be sure to read these terms of service lenders have set because of the often they refer to the interest rates they charge.

Beware of scams

Don’t be fooled by their claims! If you’re unfamiliar with this process, it will be simpler to set it up. Be aware of this that reputable and trustworthy lenders will be looking at your credit history and payment history. If they don’t inquire about the matter, don’t be able to trust them completely. If they’re a fraud lender, they’ll keep calling you on a regular basis. Therefore, be careful!

Make your payments smart

It is your obligation and obligation to make payments in time. This way, you’ll avoid any charges, penalties, or negative marks in the credit report, as well. If you incur additional charges that are not covered by the loan, its actual cost will increase, meaning the rates of interest you’ll pay will be higher.

Glacial towns frozen by lack of staff, capacity for returning tourists


West Coast glacier tourism companies fear they won’t be able to keep up with the growing demand.
Photo: RNZ / Nate McKinnon

Staff shortages and reduced airline capacity are hampering businesses as they try to weed out the cobwebs of their mothballed operations.

Business owners in West Coast glacier towns are working hard and hoping visas and flights line up in time to welcome summer tourists back.

Gig Raksamart runs three hotel businesses in Franz Josef, but two of them have remained on ice waiting for tourists to return.

“Right after lockdown in 2020 we closed the King Tiger because the winter market has always been foreign tourists anyway and we just hope it will last a few months and it turned out to be a few years. “

Earlier this year, Full of Beans coffee also went into hibernation.

They would typically have up to 120 employees between the three companies, but now operate with less than 20.

She needed at least 25 other front-line workers, 10 cooks and a few managers.

She planned to open the Full of Beans cafe the second week of September, but didn’t have enough staff to make it happen.

“No, we can’t open Full of Beans or King Tiger yet. We’ve started asking tour operators to contact us to bring a group in the summer or spring.

“But we just can’t have them here because we don’t have staff.”

The overseas hiring process was taking too long and in-country hiring was not working either, she said.

It meant she was unsure when they could reopen both of their businesses despite hopes of a busy summer and some foreign workers queuing.

“The immigration process with verification of employment and accredited status is taking so long that we don’t know when they can apply for the visa and how long the visa process will take until they get the approval. and come to work, which could take a month, two months.”

Tourists on Fox Glacier in 2009,

Hotels had to close in Fox Glacier and Franz Josef due to the pandemic as tourism disappeared.
Photo: Rafael Ben-Ari / 123RF

In May last year, The Scenic Hotel Group closed four of its hotels in Fox Glacier and Franz Josef with the intention of remaining closed for up to 18 months.

Typically, up to 90% of their visitors to the region come from abroad.

Managing Director Karl Luxon said closing a hotel was extremely difficult.

“These are buildings that [are] never really meant to be closed. These are buildings that are built to be populated and by shutting down or hibernating there are actually a lot of things you need to do.”

This included the ongoing maintenance of buildings and amenities like the water reticulation system, hotel ventilation and linen storage – and the bills haven’t gone away either.

“There was always a small team on the coast that scoured the properties daily.”

Three of the hotels have now reopened, but pulling them out of hibernation has not been easy either, he said.

“It’s almost like opening a hotel from scratch, so it’s unpacking stuff, putting everything back in order.

“A lot of that now is about staffing our hotel teams and that might be our biggest challenge, finding enough people to be able to work inside those hotels.”

Nearly 140 employees are still needed for these hotels and another nearby in Haast.

Airline capacity to Aotearoa has also been a challenge, he said.

“Some tour operators have reported that they were simply unable to get their passengers on flights to New Zealand in time to operate this tour.

“We can see the air capacity coming into New Zealand is improving significantly from January.”

Bernie Oudemans kept Holly Homestead open for the first 12 months of the pandemic, but described it as soul-destroying and decided it was best to go into hibernation.

It is preparing to reopen this weekend.

“It’s just going to be a huge spring cleaning, so the list just keeps growing, so we’ll work on it.”

Their involvement in Jobs for Nature gave them a sense of purpose and a source of income, she said.

But she was glad to have reservations.

“Maybe almost half of our bookings are people who tried to come in 2020, they tried to come in 2021, and they kind of kept picking another date and pushing all their plans forward. .

She was delighted to see more tourists returning and that Franz Josef was buzzing again.

“The only downside is that it might be difficult to find a park on the main street again,” she joked.

“But we can deal with this.

Nebraska Debt Consolidation – Crixeo

Editorial credit: Yuriy Boyko_Ukraine

Nebraska is considered a great place to live. This Midwestern state is known for its agricultural industry and is home to some of the nation’s top universities specializing in research and dentistry. However, with the recent economic crisis in the country, many people have sought reputable lenders that provide debt consolidation in Nebraska.

Nebraska’s low unemployment rate of 2.8% belies the fact that many residents still struggle to make ends meet each month. The average credit card usage of those looking to consolidate debt in Nebraska is 74%, compared to 25% for the whole of the United States (according to Experian). It is clear that despite their low unemployment rate, many Nebraskanians are struggling financially.

Debt consolidation services are often needed when an individual has high credit card usage. Indeed, a high credit card balance can mean that the individual is more likely to have trouble making payments in the future.

Nebraska Debt, Income, and Employment Statistics

Omaha Debt Consolidation in Nebraska
Omaha, Nebraska. Editorial credit: John Matychuk

Nebraska is not just an agricultural state – football is also very important there. In fact, Nebraska’s economy is based on more than agriculture, with an average per capita income of $62,095 and a median household income of $63,015.

The average Nebraska is struggling with $28,238 in debt. It can therefore be difficult to make ends meet and impose significant financial stress on households. However, there are a few debt consolidation options in Nebraska that can provide some relief. If you want to know more about the different options available, it’s a good idea to consult a financial adviser. They can help you find the best way to get out of debt and start fresh.

According to recent data, the average credit score in Nebraska is 728. That’s good news because it’s higher than the national average of 710. This gives some insight into Nebraskas and how they manage their debt. Here are some important statistics:

  • On average, Nebraska residents have credit card debt of $5,423, which is lower than the national average of $6,194.
  • Nebraska’s unemployment rate is well below the national average, at just 3.2%.
  • In 2020, Nebraska’s economy outperformed the national average, with per capita income growth of 3.3%.
  • Farm income increased by 37% in 2020.
  • As the stimulus measures enacted in response to the pandemic come to an end, growth in non-farm personal income is expected to slow sharply, from 3.7% in 2021 to just 0.6% in 2022.

Debt consolidation in Nebraska: what are your options?

Nebraska Debt Consolidation
Editorial credit: vepar5

If you’re struggling to cope with paying off your debts, there are several options that can help you get back on track and achieve financial freedom. Depending on how much debt you owe and other factors, you can take different routes. With careful planning and determination, you can get out of debt and start building a bright future.

Nebraska Debt Consolidation

Debt consolidation is a popular solution for many people because it can be used to pay off several types of debt, including credit cards, medical bills, payday loans, student loans, and taxes. However, this method is most often used to pay off high interest credit cards. Debt consolidation in Nebraska is especially good at paying off high interest cards because the loans usually come with a lower interest rate than most cards.

credit advice

Making smart financial choices can be difficult, but credit counselors can give you the tools and support you need to get your finances under control. With the help of a credit counselor, you can improve your credit score, create a budget that’s right for you, and develop a plan to pay off your debts. Advisors can also negotiate with creditors on your behalf to try to obtain lower interest rates or monthly payments.

Debt management programs

Debt management programs can be a useful tool for some consumers looking to get out of debt. With debt consolidation in Nebraska, you can make one monthly payment at a lower interest rate and potentially pay off your debt within three to five years. If you are considering signing up for a DMP, first consult with a credit counselor to see if this is the right option for you.

Debt settlement

Debt settlement can be a good option if you’re struggling to pay off a large amount of unsecured debt, such as credit card debt, medical bills, or student loans. If you’re having trouble making minimum payments on your cards and other loans and you’re thinking of going bankrupt, debt settlement might be the right solution.

How to qualify for a debt consolidation loan

Nebraska Debt Consolidation Loans
Editorial credit: Alexander Mils

Debt consolidation loans are the most popular option for consolidating debt in Nebraska. Getting debt consolidation is a way to take control of your finances and simplify your monthly payments. By consolidating all your debts into one loan, you can often get a lower interest rate and pay off your debt faster. This guide will help you understand the pros and cons of debt consolidation in Nebraska so you can make the best decision for your financial future.

When looking for debt consolidation in Nebraska, it is important to clean up your credit report first. A low credit score or a negative credit history can lead to loan denial.

Credit scores and credit reports are important factors that lenders consider when making decisions about debt consolidation loans. A high credit score tells the lender that the borrower is likely to repay the loan, while a low credit score may result in a higher interest rate.

If you’re looking to better understand your finances, there’s no better place to start than by taking a close look at your credit report. Once you are happy with what you see there, you can start contacting banks, credit unions or online debt consolidation lenders to apply for a loan. Be sure to bring all the relevant financial information they will need, such as details of your income, work history, and any other assets you may have. With that in hand, you’ll be in good shape to get the loan you need.

When looking for a loan, the first thing to do is to collect all your financial information. These are your income, your possible debts and your assets. The loan officer will use this data, in conjunction with your credit score, to decide if you qualify for the loan, what interest rate you will pay, and any other conditions that come with the loan.

Other Resources for Managing Debt in Nebraska

The Midwest State offers a variety of resources to help residents who are experiencing financial hardship and are looking debt consolidation in Nebraska. If you’re struggling with debt, consider these debt relief and financial assistance programs. You may be eligible for help from one or more of these programs:

  • Community Services Block Grant (CSBG): Poverty is a major problem in Nebraska, with low-income families struggling to make ends meet. The Community Services Block Grant (CSBG) is a federal program that provides funding to local agencies that provide programs and services to these families. Nine Community Action Agencies (CAAs) work in different counties across the state, coordinating efforts to help those in need. Through this program, low-income families can get the help they need to improve their quality of life.
  • Emergency aid program helps families in situations where the health or well-being of an eligible child is at risk. This program provides financial assistance to help cover the costs of necessary expenses, such as food, housing, and health care.
  • Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) provides families with financial assistance to offset the costs of heating and cooling their homes. This program is essential to help low-income families maintain a safe and comfortable home environment.
  • Low Income Household Water Assistance Program (LIHWAP) provides financial assistance to eligible households that are disconnected from their public water service or are in arrears. This program helps families access safe drinking water and keep their homes connected to vital sewage services.
  • Assistance for dependent children (ADC) provides financial assistance to families in need. This program is funded by the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program and helps low-income families make ends meet.

Final Considerations on Debt Consolidation in Nebraska

Nebraska Debt Consolidation
Editorial credit: Prostock-studio

Debt consolidation in Nebraska can help you get out of credit card debt. You will need to make monthly payments, but with commitment and discipline, it is possible to get rid of your debt.

While it’s understandable to feel overwhelmed when first considering debt consolidation in Nebraska, know that you’re not alone. Many people face similar situations and feel the same. The first step is to admit that you need help, and from there, DemoDirt can guide you. We have compiled a list of reputable debt consolidation companies which are highly rated by users. This makes it easier for you to compare your options and make the best decision for your particular situation.

Cities in Nebraska

The winter of our malaise | Opinion


This winter promises to be long and cold for America, Europe, and much of the rest of the free world due, among other things, to the high cost of electricity and the fossil fuels that produce most of it. Natural gas prices, for example, have more than doubled in one year as strong global demand outstrips supply. The Biden administration, America’s climate warriors and their obedient mainstream media will blame high prices and shortages on the war in Ukraine, but are not content with this simplistic response. The biggest cause is the Biden administration’s indiscriminate war on fossil fuels, including clean natural gas and nuclear power, which have done more to reduce emissions than all green renewable sources combined.

People will suffer unnecessarily this winter in America, Europe and elsewhere because they will not be able to afford to heat their homes, refuel their vehicles, pay their rent or their mortgage and perhaps even put enough food on the table because of runaway inflation, also the direct result of the Biden administration’s outsized spending. These people won’t worry much about global warming, climate change, melting icebergs, or rising sea levels as they try to stay warm. They know that more people die from cold than from heat, not to mention the damage caused by freezing water pipes. They should also know that all of America’s efforts to keep fossil fuels in the ground and go entirely green will have no net effect on the global climate as long as China, India and developing countries burn the coal and oil they need to develop their economies and survive. . All this sacrifice will do for humanity is increase the misery of millions of people, especially the poor and working classes this winter.

The United States and Canada have vast reserves of fossil fuels, especially natural gas which can be liquefied and exported almost anywhere. That is, it could if the necessary pipelines, processing and export facilities were in place to meet demand. Think of the suffering that would ease in Europe and elsewhere this winter. But these facilities are not in place in sufficient numbers due to federal and state restrictions on drilling, hydraulic fracturing, building and authorizing pipelines and processing and export facilities in states run by the democrats.

Is it done with the consent of the governed? I don’t remember having had a chance to vote on whether or not we choose to live with continuous blackouts in order to engage in a virtuous signal that will have no net effect on the global climate and will only serve to make liberal elites feel good about themselves. People are already suffering from high fuel prices. Choices are made by real people about whether to eat enough tonight or enough gas to get to work tomorrow. There is anecdotal evidence of people buying a gallon of gas just to get home from work.

Here in the defunct and great Golden State, the leading climate warrior in Sacramento wants to impose a 90% clean, i.e. green, electricity mandate by 2035 and a 100% clean electricity mandate. by 2045. That would require a breakthrough in storage battery technology that doesn’t exist yet and is a reliable source of precious earths and metals mostly from China. The manufacture of these batteries has a significant carbon footprint and poses serious fire safety issues. This is madness and an example of politicians pretending to know something about science when what they mostly know is how to stay in power and feed off the public watering hole for life.

California is mandating the end of the internal combustion engine to power cars after 2035. Electric vehicles, unless subsidized, are too expensive for many families and will require expensive new infrastructure. Look for widespread hoarding of old guzzlers. We will look like Cuba with streets full of vintage American cars. Is this progress? Will our army, which is still just as alert and resolutely modern, have to convert its combat vehicles into electric vehicles? I can imagine it now. Stop the war while we reload the tanks!

No wonder people are fleeing the left coast. Maybe that’s what Sacramento had in mind in the first place. Get rid of all the hated conservatives and have the whole state for themselves. It will then be a great green paradise punctuated by peaceful blackouts and occasional forest fires.

People, seriously, it’s time to hold the Democratic administrations in Washington and Sacramento accountable for the harm they have already done and will continue to do with their inflationary spending and unnecessary war to destroy an oil industry that will not only be vital to our economy for decades, but perhaps to our own survival.

Flight. 38, n° 39 – Thursday, September 29, 2022

New Evidence of Liquid Water Beneath Mars’ South Polar Ice Cap


The left panel shows the surface topography of Mars’ south pole, with the outline of the south polar cap in black. The light blue line shows the area used in the modeling experiments, and the green square shows the region containing the inferred subglacial water. The ice in the area is about 1500 m thick. The right panel shows the surface waviness identified by the Cambridge-led research team. It is visible as the red zone, which is raised 5-8m above the regional topography, with a smaller depression (2-4m below the regional topography) upstream (to the upper right of the image). The black outline shows the area of ​​water inferred by the orbiting radar. CREDIT University of Cambridge

An international team of researchers has revealed new evidence for the possible existence of liquid water beneath Mars’ southern polar cap.

The researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, used spacecraft laser altimeter measurements of the shape of the ice sheet’s upper surface to identify subtle patterns in its height. They then showed that these models matched computer model predictions of how a body of water below the ice sheet would affect the surface.

Their results agree with previous ice-penetrating radar measurements that were originally interpreted to show a potential area of ​​liquid water beneath the ice. There has been some debate about interpreting liquid water from radar data alone, with some studies suggesting that the radar signal is not due to liquid water.

The findings, reported in the journal Nature Astronomy, provide the first independent source of evidence, using data other than radar, that there is liquid water beneath Mars’ south polar ice cap.

“The combination of new topographical evidence, results from our computer model, and radar data make it much more likely that at least one area of ​​subglacial liquid water exists on Mars today, and that Mars must still be geothermally active. in order to keep the water under the ice sheet fluid,” said Professor Neil Arnold of the Scott Polar Research Institute in Cambridge, who led the research.

Like Earth, Mars has thick ice caps at both poles, roughly equivalent in combined volume to the Greenland ice cap. Unlike Earth’s ice caps, which rest on water-filled channels and even large subglacial lakes, the polar ice caps on Mars were until recently thought to be frozen to their beds due to the climate. cold martian.

In 2018, evidence from the European Space Agency’s Mars Express satellite challenged that assumption. The satellite has an ice-penetrating radar called MARSIS, which can see through Mars’ southern ice cap. It revealed an area at the base of the ice that strongly reflected the radar signal, which was interpreted as an area of ​​liquid water under the ice sheet.

However, subsequent studies have suggested that other types of dry material, which exist elsewhere on Mars, could produce similar reflection patterns if they exist beneath the ice sheet. Given the cold climatic conditions, liquid water beneath the ice sheet would require an additional heat source, such as geothermal heat from the planet’s interior, at levels higher than expected for Mars today. This left confirmation of the existence of this lake pending from another independent source of evidence.

On Earth, subglacial lakes affect the shape of the overlying ice sheet – its surface topography. The water in subglacial lakes reduces the friction between the ice cap and its bed, affecting the rate at which ice flows under the effect of gravity. This in turn affects the shape of the ice sheet surface above the lake, often creating a depression in the ice surface followed by a raised area farther downstream.

The team – which also included researchers from the University of Sheffield, University of Nantes, University College Dublin and the Open University – used a range of techniques to examine data from the Mars satellite NASA Global Surveyor on the surface topography of the part of Mars’ south polar cap where the radar signal was identified.

Their analysis revealed a surface undulation 10 to 15 kilometers long comprising a depression and a corresponding uplifted area, both of which deviate from the surrounding ice surface by several meters. This is similar in scale to the ripples on subglacial lakes here on Earth.

The team then tested whether the ripple observed on the surface of the ice could be explained by liquid water at the bed. They ran computer model simulations of ice flow, tailored to specific conditions on Mars. They then inserted a reduced bed friction patch into the bed of the simulated ice sheet where water, if present, would allow the ice to slide and accelerate. They also varied the amount of geothermal heat coming from the planet’s interior. These experiments generated ripples on the simulated ice surface that were similar in size and shape to those the team observed on the actual ice sheet surface.

The similarity between the topographic undulation produced by the model and actual observations from the spacecraft, as well as previous radar evidence penetrating the ice, suggests that there is an accumulation of liquid water under the south polar ice sheet. of Mars, and that magmatic activity has occurred relatively recently in the subsurface of Mars to allow for the enhanced geothermal heating needed to keep water in a liquid state.

“The quality of the data from Mars, orbiting satellites as well as landers, is such that we can use it to answer really tough questions about conditions on, and even below, the planet’s surface, using the same techniques that we also use on Earth,” Arnold said. “It’s exciting to use these techniques to discover things on planets other than our own.”

The research was partly funded by the European Research Council.

Surface topographic impact of subglacial water beneath the south polar cap of Mars, Nature


Switzerland is losing more of its glaciers than ever


A new study by the Swiss Academy of Sciences reveals that Switzerland has lost up to 6% of its glaciers this year. The study attributed the rapid melting of glaciers to climate change and other local factors. The findings of the study come just after a hot summer that was characterized by heat waves across Europe. According to the study, the rate of glacier loss this year has surpassed previous records a generation ago.

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“2022 has been a disastrous year for Swiss glaciers: all ice melt records have been broken by the severe snow shortage in winter and the continuous heat waves in summer,” the academy said in a statement.

Related: Photographer captures melting glaciers over the years

The study was based on data collected by Glamos, a network that monitors glaciers in Switzerland. The organization documents the state of glaciers across Switzerland to facilitate decision-making. Switzerland being the country with the largest volume of glaciers in Europe is a key indicator of the state of our environment.

According to Matthias Huss, a glaciologist at the Federal Polytechnic Institute in Zurich and head of the Glamos program, it will take decades for the lost volume to recover.

“We have a streak that goes back over 100 years, and we’ve never seen anything like this year,” Huss said. “It’s something that was expected in the future for such extremes to occur, but now they’re already here.”

This year, Switzerland had to deal with a combination of unlucky factors that affected its annual snowmelt. Huss said snow cover in the Swiss Alps was very light this year compared to other years. Consequently, the glaciers had less natural protection against the summer heat. The situation was made worse by a drift of dust from the Sahara that blanketed many parts of Europe in the spring. This led to soaring temperatures causing massive snowmelt across Europe.

“World leaders have at least realized that something has to be done to prevent the negative impacts of climate change,” Huss said. “But still, I think there are not enough plans that have been implemented.”

Going through CBS News

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Mars: New Evidence of Liquid Water Below the Red Planet’s South Pole | Science | New


Further evidence of the existence of water beneath the Martian south pole ice cap has been discovered by a team of researchers led by the University of Cambridge. As on Earth, the so-called Red Planet has thick ice sheets at its north and south poles, with a combined volume that is roughly equal to that of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Earth’s ice caps rest on water-filled channels and even large subglacial lakes. In contrast, the polar ice caps of Mars have long been thought to be completely frozen to their underlying layers due to the cold Martian climate.

In 2018, however, that assumption was challenged by data collected by the European Space Agency’s Mars Express satellite, which is equipped with an ice-penetrating radar system dubbed “MARSIS”.

The scans revealed an area at the base of Mars’ southern ice cap that strongly reflects radar signals and which scientists initially interpreted as an area of ​​liquid ice.

Later studies, however, muddied the picture – showing that various types of dry material found elsewhere on Mars are also capable of producing similar reflectance signals.

Additionally, to remain liquid, the hypothetical water mass needs an additional and as yet undetected heat source, such as a higher level of geothermal heat currently expected on present-day Mars.

As a result, scientists were waiting for another source of independent evidence to confirm or refute the hypothesis that liquid water exists below the South Pole.

In their study, University of Cambridge glaciologist Professor Neil Arnold and his colleagues used a space laser altimeter to map the three-dimensional shape of the upper surface of Mars’ southern polar cap.

They found that the subtle patterns of ice topography matched those predicted by computer models of how a body of water below the ice cap would affect the overlying mass.

On Earth, subglacial lakes are known to reduce friction between ice sheets and the underlying bed, thereby altering the rate at which ice flows under gravity.

This, in turn, serves to influence the surface topography of the ice sheet, usually by creating a depression in the ice surface above the lake, followed by a raised section downstream.

In their Martian data, the team identified a six-to-nine-mile undulation of the surface of the southern ice sheet that included a several-foot-deep depression and corresponding uplift.

READ MORE: Water from an asteroid reveals clues to the origin of life on Earth

Paper co-author and planetary scientist Dr Frances Butcher of the University of Sheffield said: ‘This study gives the best indication yet that there is liquid water on Mars today. today, because it means that two of the main pieces of evidence we would look for when searching for subglacial lakes on Earth have now been found on Mars.

“Liquid water is an essential ingredient for life, although that doesn’t necessarily mean life exists on Mars.

“To be liquid at such cold temperatures, the water under the South Pole might need to be really salty, which would make it difficult for any microbial life to inhabit it.

“However, it gives hope that there were more habitable environments in the past when the climate was less unforgiving.”

Professor Arnold added: “The quality of data from Mars, orbiting satellites as well as landers, is such that we can use it to answer some really tough questions about conditions on – and even below – the surface of the planet. planet.

The techniques employed on Mars, he noted, are the same ones we use to study conditions here on Earth.

Professor Arnold concluded: “It’s exciting to use these techniques to discover things on planets other than our own.

The full results of the study have been published in the journal Nature Astronomy.



GENEVA, September 28, 2022 /CNW/ – On World Heart Day, the World Heart Federation (WHF) calls for urgent action on climate change and health inequalities, saying millions more lives are now at risk by cardiovascular diseases, which are still the biggest cause of death in the world.

World Heart Federation logo

Climate change and air pollution are responsible for 25% of deaths from cardiovascular disease, killing 7 million people each year.[1] These deaths and the broader impacts of climate change disproportionately affect vulnerable populations.

Teacher Fausto PintoWHF President: “Millions of already vulnerable people are doubly exposed to extreme weather events and limited access to health care. World leaders must step up their efforts against the two greatest threats of our time: climate change and global health inequalities.

Alongside the World Health Organization (WHO), the WHF calls on governments, civil society and global industry to achieve net-zero emissions targets, tackle global warming and reduce air pollution. air, and to provide access to health care for all.

“Climate change is no longer about polar bears or icebergs. It’s about people’s health, especially the health of the poor. We need to cut emissions in the name of health, or we’ll see more and more disasters and suffering everywhere,” said Dr. Maria NeiraDirector of the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Health at WHO.

A recent WHF global survey[2] revealed that people perceive social inequalities and access to health care as the second most serious problem for cardiovascular disease, with health and climate change and air pollution ranking third. 80% of respondents stressed that government action was essential to reduce the burden of CVD.

WHF is also urging health care providers to issue regular reminders to at-risk groups about the dangers of extreme weather events, including advice on managing excessive heat events.

“We know what works in preventing and treating the world’s biggest killer. It’s time to step up implementation and share responsibility.” adds Professor Pinto.

About World Heart Day 2022

Everyone is encouraged to get involved in World Heart Day and learn more about better heart health. For more information on World Heart Day, visit world-heart-federation.org/world-heart-day.

Join the conversation using the #UseHeart hashtag and post builder (world-heart-federation.org/world-heart-day/get-involved/create-and-share).

Notes to Editors

1. Media Contact: Borjana PervanDirector of Strategy and Communications, World Heart Federation
[email protected], +41 22 807 03 23

2. About the teacher Fausto PintoPresident of WHF
Teacher Fausto Pinto is the current president of the World Heart Federation and past president of the European Society of Cardiology. He is currently Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Lisbon (Lisbon, Portugal) and Full Professor of Cardiology. He is also Head of Cardiology and Cardiac and Vascular Department at Santa Maria University Hospital, CHULN EPE Follow Professor Pinto on Twitter https://twitter.com/fjpinto1960

3. About World Heart Day
World Heart Day is celebrated annually on September 29 to raise awareness and mobilize international action against cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death on the planet. It is the global initiative where individuals, governments and the entire cardiac community come together to participate in fun activities, increase public education and advocate for universal access to prevention, detection and treatment of CVD. For more information, visit http://worldheartday.org.

4. About the World Heart Federation
The World Heart Federation (WHF) is an umbrella organization representing the global cardiovascular community, bringing together patient, medical, scientific and civil society groups. Together with its members, WHF influences policy, shares knowledge and inspires behavior change to achieve heart health for all. For more information, visit https://www.world-heart-federation.org.

5. About Boehringer Ingelheim and Lilly Alliance
The Boehringer Ingelheim and Lilly Alliance are committed to transforming care for people with cardio-renal-metabolic diseases, a group of interconnected disorders that affect more than one billion people worldwide and are a leading cause of death.

The cardiovascular, renal, and metabolic systems are interconnected and share many of the same risk factors and disease pathways across the disease continuum. Malfunction of one system can accelerate the onset of other systems, leading to the progression of interconnected diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, heart failure and kidney disease, which in turn lead to risk increased cardiovascular death. Conversely, improving the health of one system can have positive effects on others.

On this World Heart Day, they are proud to continue supporting the World Heart Federation. Through their research and treatments, their goal is to support people’s health, restore balance between the interconnected cardio-renal-metabolic systems and reduce their risk of serious complications. As part of their commitment to people whose health is threatened by cardio-renal-metabolic disorders, they will continue to take a multidisciplinary approach to care and focus our resources on filling treatment gaps.

6. About Servier
Servier is a global pharmaceutical group governed by a Foundation. Servier is an independent group that invests more than 20% of its brands’ turnover in Research and Development each year. To accelerate therapeutic innovation in the service of patients, the Group engages in open and collaborative innovation with academic partners, pharmaceutical groups and biotechnology companies. It also integrates the voice of the patient at the heart of its activities.

A leader in cardiology, the Groupe Servier’s ambition is to become a recognized and innovative player in oncology. Its growth is based on a sustained commitment in cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, oncology, neurosciences and immuno-inflammatory diseases. To promote access to care for all, the Servier group also offers a range of quality generic drugs covering most pathologies.

As an official global partner of World Heart Day 2022, Servier’s support helps raise awareness and encourages individuals, families, communities and governments to advance the cardiovascular disease agenda and help people live longer, better and healthier heart.

[1] https://www.who.int/data/gho/data/themes/topics/indicator-groups/indicator-group-details/GHO/ambient-air-pollution

[2] In 2022, the World Heart Federation conducted a global pulse survey of 2,500 people in 25 countries.

Photo – https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1902894/World_Heart_Federation.jpg
Photo – https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1902895/World_Heart_Federation_1.jpg
Logo – https://mma.prnewswire.com/media/1902893/World_Heart_Federation_Logo.jpg

Cardiovascular diseases, the biggest cause of death in the world, claim 19 million lives each year.  Learn more at worldheartday.org

Cardiovascular diseases, the biggest cause of death in the world, claim 19 million lives each year. Learn more at worldheartday.org

Everyone is encouraged to get involved in World Heart Day to maximize heart health

Everyone is encouraged to get involved in World Heart Day to maximize heart health



View original content to download multimedia: https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/climate-change-and-health-inequity-a-deadly-mix-for-the-most-vulnerable-world-heart -federation-301628637.html

SOURCE World Heart Federation



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Canada is back on the cruise map


SINGAPORE, September 28, 2022: Following Transport Canada’s announcement to remove all Covid-19 related requirements to enter the country, Princess Cruises is ready to welcome all cruise passengers visiting, arriving or departing from Canadian ports, including its Canada/New England voyages and Alaska cruises where the cruise line is the industry leader.

All Princess Alaska cruises include Canada in the itinerary.

“We applaud these decisions by Transport Canada to make visiting the country easier and more convenient for all guests sailing our popular Alaska and Canada/New England routes, and we look forward to welcoming everyone to our incredible cruises to Alaska and Canada,” said the president of Princess Cruises. John Padget. “Alaska and Canada cruises are some of the most sought-after vacation options in the world, and we look forward to welcoming everyone who has waited the past three years for this market to fully open.”

Princess is in the process of updating guests and travel advisors on this exciting development and is excited to welcome everyone to vacation in Alaska in 2023.

More guests choose Princess than any other cruise line to experience Alaska’s incredible glaciers, wildlife, fresh seafood and local culture. The 2023 Princess cruises and cruises program offers something for everyone to explore this destination, including the top-rated Glacier Voyage itinerary, the award-winning ‘North to Alaska’ enrichment program and the Ultimate Experience combine a cruise with a land tour including scenic train journeys and stays at Princess-owned wilderness lodges.

The cruise line’s all-new Discovery Princess will return to Alaska for a second season. With over 140 departures offering various glacier viewing experiences, cruise offerings include:

  • Voyage des Glaciers from Vancouver (Canada) or Anchorage (Whittier): Majestic Princess, Sapphire Princess and Grand Princess sail on the top-rated seven-day itinerary featuring two glacier viewing experiences, including Glacier Bay National Park.
  • Seattle Inside Passage: Discovery Princess, the newest ship in the fleet, and Crown Princess return to the Emerald City with seven-day voyages through the Inside Passage.
  • San Francisco Inside Passage: Ruby Princess sails on this 10-day round-trip cruise from City by the Bay, with a unique experience sailing under the iconic Golden Gate Bridge.

Additional information about Princess Cruises is available from a professional travel consultant by calling +65 6922 6788 or visiting the company’s website at http://www.princess.com/.

(Your stories: Princess Cruises)

Online Short Term Personal Loans Available Now


A personal loan is a short-term loan, which you can repay in installments. It’s a great alternative to traditional short-term loans, offering quick cash at extremely high interest rates. With a personal loan, you have the right to prepay the loan to free up income in your spending plan and potentially save on interest.

Most short-term loans require proof of employment, a salary statement, a bank account, and a valid driver’s license. Because there is often no collateral and lower credit requirements, these loans charge a higher interest rate (up to 400%) and may incur other fees and penalties.

Let’s dig deeper and explore what short-term personal loans are available, and if there’s a good option for you.


A short-term personal loan is a type of loan with little or no collateral and a repayment term of less than one year. This may require supporting documentation (such as proof of employment or your credit card history), but in most cases you submit a request and receive your money within 24 hours.

Short-term loans are offered for a maximum amount of $2,000, with repayment in weeks. After the company reviews your application, they send the contract with the approved amount and interest rates. So before accepting, you still have a chance to calculate how much you will have to pay back.


There are a few main types of short term personal loans; they have different features, conditions and fee structures:

  • Payday loans – the loan providing money to borrowers, until they receive their next salary. Let’s say you want a Loan 100 dollars today – payday can do it! The only requirement might be proof of your employment with a payslip. These loans must be repaid quickly and painlessly – otherwise you will be subject to high APRs and fees;
  • overdraft – a form of short-term loan, where customers can obtain temporary cover for charges from their bank if the account does not have the necessary charges. In terms of repayment, these loans are similar to installment loans: a borrower will have regular and frequent payments for a period of time until the principal and interest have been repaid;
  • Car title loans – a type of short-term loan, which allows a borrower to use the vehicle as collateral. Rather, it is an exclusion from the definition of short-term personal loans (which normally have no collateral), but it is a perfect example if we are talking about the high interest rate. If you are late with your payments, the interest charges increase and the loan will cost you much more.
  • Bridging loans – are useful during real estate transactions. For example, when you bought a new house, while the other property remains on the market. For this type of loan, you will need an impeccable credit rating; lenders also prefer borrowers with a low debt-to-income ratio (DTI).

Another popular option for short-term loans is to extend your line of credit with a credit union or bank. It can improve your financial situation at once, without side effects. As a result, a higher line of credit makes you more attractive to lenders.


If you decide to apply for a short-term loan, consider lenders, who do not charge penalties. In another scenario, you will be asked to pay additional fees if you want to complete the transaction before the agreed time. Isn’t it deeply unfair that paying off the loan sooner could cost you more?

Here is the list of several companies, which will not charge you for such a “service”:

  • happy money – a loan provider with an innovative approach to lending. It offers personal loans, ideal for consumers, who want to save money. Happy Money consolidates high interest rates, giving borrowers exclusive access to more efficient management of their finances. Be aware that while there are no prepayment penalties, origination fees of up to 5% may apply.
  • LightStream – the lender that offers some of the lowest interest rates on personal loans. Same-day financing is available and there are no prepayment penalties or other fees. If you keep in mind that shorter loan terms come with lower interest rates, that makes LightStream a considerable option. And your financial best interest.
  • SoFi – a lender, who can extend you some credit, if your score is at least 680. SoFi customers also get free access to financial advisors, career coaches and other events, dedicated to improving your financial literacy. This lender offers a seamless application experience, saving you from late payments or prepayment fees.
  • Reached – a lender worthy of attention, due to competitive interest rates and fast financing options. Beware, Upstart will assess your credit score and review your work history to determine if you are a good candidate for a loan. If you have a loan with this company and decide to pay it off early, you will not be subject to additional charges. However, you will be asked to pay an origination fee of up to 8%, as well as a late payment fee.

According to the statistics, more than 20 million Americans have unsecured loans. So, before getting approved for funding, check the company’s refund policy. Look for additional fees and interest rates that may apply; ask a financial adviser about prepayment.

The essential

To wrap up this story, we would like you to reassess the purpose you have for a personal loan. Remember that you can always ask your friend or family for money. make the option buy now, pay later; or simply subscribe to a credit card.

Even though short-term loans seem like a great opportunity to cover your needs, their fees and interest rates sometimes exceed 400%. Missing payments will negatively affect your credit score and cost you more in late fees, penalties and interest.

Look for online lenders offering money at no additional cost; check the refund policy and if there is anything extra to pay if you want to complete a transaction sooner. Make sure you’ve done your research and won’t face any negative consequences when working with online lenders.

7 reasons why you should visit Antarctica


New Delhi: Antarctica is the southernmost and least populated continent in the world. Located almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, it is believed to be the coldest, driest and windiest of the continents. Primarily considered a polar desert, Antarctica is a place free from anything man-made.

Thus, a trip to Antarctica must be on the list of travel enthusiasts for its beautiful frozen wilderness, species that will amaze you with their informal interactions with humans, and most importantly, the cleanest environment. Antarctica is the mother of all unique tourist destinations on the planet. Therefore, before its precious polar ecosystem and wildlife are threatened and lost forever, a visit to Antarctica will give you one of the best experiences you can think of. Antarctica encompasses the entire area south of 60°, which includes islands, seas, and ice shelves. A trip to the South Pole promises a land of extremes, which only the most adaptive travelers can handle.

Here are the 10 reasons why you should visit Antarctica:

1. To observe the penguins in real life: These charming creatures are linked to Antarctica, and being able to walk among them is a major reason to visit Antarctica. It is said that these penguins are absolutely not afraid of humans, so you will be able to observe these amazing creatures up close. Emperor penguins and Adélie penguins are two of 17 penguin species that only live on the White Continent, and like their royal name, these tuxedo-clad gentlemen rule the earth with their crazy mating rituals and amusing behaviors. There are up to 250,000 in a breeding ground, so there are plenty of featherless pals to see.

2. To experience the thrill of whale watching: The Antarctic Ocean has been home to at least 10 species of whales, six species of seals and three races of dolphins. Humpback whales (the most common), minke, right, blue, sei, fin, orca, pilot, sperm, and southern bottle-nosed whales are some of these whales. These magnificent animals are captured by the world’s largest mammals when migrating alone or in groups. Sightings of these whales are regular throughout the season. With the distinctive sound of their blowhole alerting you, you can always come to know of their presence.

3. To discover what the underwater world is like: Antarctica’s underwater ecology is often underestimated, despite being a world unto itself. Oceanographers describe the Antarctic Ocean as a “riot of life”, with species found nowhere else on the planet. New crab species, an albino octopus and exotic fish species have been identified by researchers.

4. To experience the beauty of giant blocks of ice: The ice in the Arctic and Antarctica is thicker, taller, heavier and older than anywhere else on the planet, and the puffy sculptures change so quickly you’ll never see the same pattern twice. The diversity and magnificence of Antarctica’s icebergs will have you reaching for your camera every five minutes, as gigantic hanging glaciers cling to mountains or carve their way to the water’s edge on land.

5. To meet the seals: Seals are another attraction of a trip to Antarctica, among many specialties calling the Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic islands. In South Georgia, you’ll see millions of fur seals and elephants crammed onto the beaches, with fierce male elephant seals struggling to preserve their harem of females. Again, around the Antarctic Peninsula you can witness nature at its fiercest, as leopard seals hunt penguins in the shallows and charming Weddell seals and crabeaters sunbathe on the ice.

6. To feel the cold when you go skiing: Immerse yourself in the exhilaration of off-piste skiing – the old-fashioned way! With no Nordic trails to guide you, discover how skiing was used in the past as a mode of transportation from point A to point B. You can navigate the elements as you traverse fresh snow and slopes; routes that will put your sense of direction to the test.

7. To meet extraordinary birds:

A trip to Antarctica is one of the best ways to see the magnificent wandering albatross, an elegant white bird with black-tipped wings. It has the largest wingspan in the world, at 11 feet. It is a fascinating sight to watch them float above the lake and dive above the waves, sometimes diving to fish.

Other species to watch out for are black-browed albatrosses, petrels, shearwaters and fulmars, which hunt krill in large groups. Whales may be present where you observe them eating krill.

Omar di Felice will cross Antarctica on a Wilier fat bike prototype


We most often think of Wilier for lightweight carbon road and mountain bikes, but ultra-cyclist and environmental activist Omar di Felice is about to pedal Antarctica’s longest bike crossing on a prototype. fat bike Wilier. In teasers of the -50C, 1,600km long, 10,800m high expedition effort across the South Pole, Omar di Felice is seen riding an unlabeled carbon fat bike, but his most recent preparatory training through Iceland this summer was on an alloy prototype, custom-made for him by Wilier Triestina…

A Wilier fat bike prototype to cross Antarctica

Cycling through Antarctica has been Omar di Felice’s lifelong dream, and now, after years of increasingly extreme winter adventures, Antarctica Unlimited is coming soon.

all photos c. Omar di Felice

The bike that Wilier developed for Omar di Felice to ride 1600 km across Antarctica is a welded raw alloy frame. He had previously ridden what appears to have been a blacked-out Canyon Dude. But this new aluminum prototype seeks to retain the 27.5-inch wheels, while increasing tire clearance for the extra flotation needed to traverse the unpredictable snow and ice of Antarctica.

Prototype alloy Wilier fat bike to cross Antarctica, Omar di Felice, fork angle

Omar trained for the next expedition exclusively on fat bikes fitted with Manitou’s Mastodon Pro suspension forks. Although it’s unclear if he’ll stick with the Antarctic trip or opt for a lighter, simpler rigid fork?

As for the rolling stock, even fully blacked out to hide the tan sidewalls of the non-sponsor tires, Omar’s bike as he rode through Iceland earlier this summer was fitted with 27.5 x 4.5″ 45NRTH Dillinger studded tires 5, with 252 concave carbide tipped studs for grip in icy conditions.

Prototype alloy Wilier fat bike to cross Antarctica, Omar di Felice, rear detail

Its hubs are labeled as Mavic which is its correct wheel sponsor, but we don’t really think Mavic is working on a prototype fat bike wheelset, here.

Instead, the shape of the rim cutouts (particularly around the valve) suggest it is a set of the latest 27.5″ edition of the 76mm in-house DT Swiss BR 2250 wheels which have been only introduced as a Canyon when their Dude carbon bike switched to larger diameter wheels two winters ago.

Prototype alloy Wilier fat bike to cross Antarctica, Omar di Felice, Shimano LinkGlide

Another interesting tidbit here, it uses Shimano’s recent Deore LinkGlide 1x 11-speed drivetrain which promises increased durability from the 11-50T cassette for high-load situations.

Omar’s prototype alloy frame has a wide seat and chainstays that go very thin on the tire sidewalls to make room for the big tires, while likely keeping the bottom bracket and crank Q-factor relatively narrow. Presumably, to compensate for the thin tube sections, the frame features a number of braces, reinforcements and gussets – including at the seat cluster, seatstay bridge and BB.

Prototype alloy Wilier fat bike to cross Antarctica, Omar di Felice, angle

The prototype fat bike frame routes the cables outboard along the seatstays, but then they seem to travel inboard into the downtube, exiting on the left side just behind the tapered head tube.

The bike also features a sturdy-looking stud to attach a rear rack and a set of cage mounts under the downtube for a tool bottle. Omar can usually be seen riding a mix of a custom frame bag, stock saddle bag and Wilier branded strap toptube bag, all made in Italy by Miss Grape.


Unique Off-The-Bike equipment too!

Omar di Felice's Antarctica Unlimited expedition on Wilier Triestina prototype fat bike, Ski Pulk sled

The Ski Pulk Paris luge is true fat bike expedition gear that has remained consistent no matter what frame Di Felice is pedaling on the snow. Lightweight, American-made sleds take the weight off the bike itself for better maneuverability. And when you go on a two-month self-guided ride through the South Pole, you’ll need plenty of extra food, warm clothes, and emergency gear to go along with the ride.

The standard Ski Pulk attaches a hitch to the seat post, but it might also be possible to attach it more securely to a rear rack setup.

Antarctica Unlimited expedition of Omar di Felice on prototype fat bike Wilier Triestina, in cold weather

Beyond the bike, it will take a lot of warm clothes. Italian sportswear outfitter UYN has developed a special high-altitude, low-temperature fat bike expedition suit for Omar, based on their mountaineering suits, but adapted for pedaling. Then put on a warm beanie, a few layers of Buffs and a Lazer aero helmet because #aeroiseeverything…

But also because the adjustable ventilation of the Bullet 2.0 helmet allows you to regulate the temperature on varied terrains. Fat biking is hard work, and sweating it out at -40°C isn’t going to end well.

Antarctica Unlimited, Omar Di Felice’s latest challenge

Planned route of Omar di Felice's Antarctica Unlimited expedition on the prototype fat bike Wilier Triestina

Antarctica Unlimited is part of the “Bike to 1.5°C” initiative, through which Omar seeks to raise awareness of the serious climate crisis, this time in Antarctica. The region is known to be a real-time map of climate change and, unfortunately, where the effects of global warming are most visible. In fact, this is an area where scientists around the world are studying climate change. We need look no further than ESA (the European Space Agency) which is currently working in Antarctica with radar to monitor glaciers and analyze global temperature trends.

Omar di Felice's Antarctica Unlimited expedition on the prototype fat bike Wilier Triestina, Iceland

Di Felice’s Antarctica Unlimited challenge continues the Italian cyclist’s effort to raise awareness of the impacts of climate change and in particular how the world’s glaciers are melting at an increasing rate.

From this Antarctic Winter/Summer (exact date to be determined), Di Felice will set off on his planned 60-day expedition from the coast at Hercules Inlet on the Ronne Ice Shelf (as do many overland expeditions to the South Pole). He plans to travel to the South Pole, then return to the coast opposite the Ross Ice Shelf under Leverett Glacier (halfway to McMurdo Station), then return to the South Pole itself to complete the trip as the longest bike ride through Antarctica. .

Antarctica Expedition Unlimited by Omar di Felice on Wilier Triestina prototype fat bike, snow riding

This is the longest bicycle crossing through Antarctica, in which Di Felice will cross the South Pole from coast to coast: a solo expedition of 1,600 km and 10,800 m D+ in temperatures as low as -50°C.

In the coming weeks, all the details will be unveiled on the timetable for the cycling expedition, which will undoubtedly be the most delicate and exciting phase of the project, and which is closely linked to the permits necessary to cross Antarctica.

Keep up to date with Omar’s expedition on Facebook, Instagram and Komoot.

The latest installation by artist Douglas Mandry emerges like a mirage from the top of a Swiss mountain


The majesty of the landscapes of the Muottas Muragl summit in the Swiss Alps of Livigno is difficult to describe, both awe-inspiring and humbling. A sunset seen from this position will stay etched in your mind forever. Now imagine walking through this alpine paradise and coming across a cluster of stylized glittering glass icebergs. Your mystical and unique borderline experience with nature has become all the more surreal, thanks to the artist Douglas Mandry.

“Sculptures should be a trigger for imagination and reflection,” Mandry said of Gravity flow, his public installation of five sculptures. It was unveiled last month and will remain on display (for those lucky enough and brave enough to make the trip to see them) until August 2023. In an area defined by its extreme weather conditions, the semi-transparent works will have an ever-changing background and appearance. due to the swirling elements and changing light. But Gravity flow (2022) is more than an aesthetic achievement. The sculptures address serious themes, including humans’ part in ecological upheaval and the nature of time, as well as how time could run out.

“The notions of time and space are very present in my projects,” said Mandry. “I see my work as a non-linear reinterpretation of reality.” The sculptures are made from 100% recycled glass, which has a special resonance for the artist. “Glass work is an age-old cultural heritage,” Mandry explained. “It has stood the test of time and technological evolution, but it is still used as it was in the past. Glass is ubiquitous in our daily lives. It may be fragile, but it is also extremely dense. All these paradoxical qualities led me to experiment with glass and to propose large, heavy sculptures based on an immaterial visualization of volatile nature.

Douglas Mandry combined scientific research, mountaineering and art. Courtesy of La Prairie.

Mandry is from Switzerland, and Gravity flow was sponsored by the Zurich luxury skincare brand The Meadow. However, the project has a global and universal scope. As part of his research process, Mandry accompanied ETH Zurich Glaciology Professor Daniel Farinotti on an expedition to the Rhone Glacier. “Being on a glacier is always a powerful and unique experience,” he said. “It reminds me of our own fragility. Ice is a sparkling source of information, a crystallization of the past. It contains air bubbles from a million years ago. Farinotti’s team used a three-dimensional scanner inserted into vertical channels carved out by melting ice to measure erosion. The scans provided the data for the digital models that inspired the shapes of the artwork, which reflect these cavities carved into the ice.

Mandry has been fascinated by glaciers since 2018, creating photograms of melting ice for his “Monuments” series. The artist also explored other subjects in nature for his artistic practice. “I started working on illegally exported corals,” he explained, “as well as the displacement of natural elements such as sand, which is one of the most endangered materials in the world.” But the glaciers will continue to resonate.

“As a Swiss artist, their development matters to me because they have been part of my life since childhood,” he said. “Art is a way to study them, but also to communicate. Speaking of glaciers, I feel like I’m talking about all of us.

The gravitational flow of Douglas Mandy.  Courtesy of La Prairie.

A Mirage in the Mountains: Douglas Mandy’s Gravity flow (2022). Courtesy of La Prairie.

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Predatory payday loan companies and fraudsters thrive amid uneven laws and stolen data, new BBB research finds


As consumers lost their jobs and struggled to make ends meet during the COVID-19 pandemic, many have turned to payday loans and other short-term solutions, with an increase in solutions in line. This has not only allowed predatory lenders to thrive – many borrowers still face exorbitant interest rates and opaque fees – but has also created a fertile environment for scam artists, according to a new in-depth study from the Better Business Bureau. (BBB).

Payday loan laws are managed from state to state among the 32 states in which they are available, and a complex web of regulations makes the impact of the industry in the United States and Canada difficult to understand. follow. The BBB study, however, finds a common thread in the triple-digit interest rates that many of these loans carry – camouflaged by interest compounded weekly or monthly, rather than annually, as well as significant rollover fees.

From 2019 to July 2022, BBB received nearly 3,000 customer complaints about payday loan companies, with a disputed dollar amount of nearly $3 million. In addition, over 117,000 complaints have been filed against debt collection companies at BBB. Complainants often said they felt ill-informed about the terms of their loans. Many fall into what consumer advocates call a “debt trap” of racking up interest and fees that can force customers to pay double the amount originally borrowed.

The scammers haven’t missed an opportunity to take advantage of consumers either, with BBB Scam Tracker receiving over 7,000 reports of loan and debt collection scams representing around $4.1 million in losses.

Posing as payday loan companies and debt collectors, scammers use stolen information to trick consumers into handing over banking information and cash. In one case, BBB discovered that hackers had stolen and released detailed personal and financial data for more than 200,000 consumers. News reports indicate that this is not an isolated incident.

Regulators at the federal level have passed tougher laws to combat predatory lending, but those regulations have been rolled back in recent years, leaving states to set their own rules on interest rate caps and other aspects of lending. on salary. More than a dozen states introduced legislation last year to regulate payday loans, but the landscape of legally operating payday lenders remains inconsistent across states.

Currently, payday loans are not allowed in 18 states, according to Pew Charitable Trust. In addition, the Military Loans Act sets a rate of 36% on certain payday loans. When it comes to fraudulent behavior, law enforcement is limited in what they can do to prosecute payday loan scams. Some legal payday lenders have attempted to prevent scams by educating consumers about the ways in which they will or will not contact borrowers.

The BBB study advises consumers to thoroughly research all of their borrowing options — as well as the terms of a payday loan — before signing anything for a short-term loan. The study also includes recommendations for regulators:

  • Cap consumer loans at 36%
  • Educate more people about no-cost extended repayment plans
  • Require lenders to test whether consumers can repay their loans
  • Require Zelle, Venmo, and other payment services to offer refunds for fraud

Where to report a payday loan scam or file a complaint:

  • BBB.org/ScamTracker
  • Federal Trade Commission (FTC) – ReportFraud.ftc.gov
  • State attorneys general can often help. Find your state attorney general’s website to see if you can file online.
  • If you have an overdue payment on a payday loan, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau may have resources to help you establish a payment plan.

Find more information about this study and other BBB scam studies at BBB.org/scamstudies.

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Iconic emperor penguins at risk of extinction by 2050, Australian scientist says


The world’s largest penguin species is at risk of extinction within 30 years, Australian researchers have warned.

Barbara Wienecke, senior researcher at the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD), revealed that modeling suggests the iconic emperor penguin could be virtually extinct by 2050.

Endemic to Antarctica, the emperor penguin is the largest of the 18 penguin species, reaching 1.3 meters in height. Raising their young on pack ice, the ice that is blocked between islands or icebergs, has made emperor penguins particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, with colonies already disappearing.

“At the current rate, extinction is pretty much a given,” she told News Corp Australia on Saturday.

Even under the best possible scenario of a 1.5 degree rise in temperature, the modeling scenarios are that most colonies will be nearly extinct by 2050, she said.

“That means these colonies have shrunk so much, they’ve lost so much of their population, that they’re not able to recover.”

The emperor penguin is currently listed as “near threatened” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), but Wienecke said many experts have called for a review in 2023 to “upgrade” it to an “endangered species”. Endangered”.

She said mitigating the effects of climate change was the only way to save the species, but changing its protected status would also raise awareness of the penguins’ plight.

An endangered list could also pave the way for other measures such as protecting the emperor’s food source, including krill, finfish and squid, from overfishing.

LA Kings training camp preview: Pheonix Copley |


With training camp underway, we continue our look at every player on the LA Kings roster. To be continued: Pheonix Copley!

Phoenix Copley


Date of birth: January 18, 1992

Place of birth: North Pole, Alaska

Country: United States

Height: 6’4″

Weight: 198 pounds

Position: Goalkeeper

Drafted: Not Drafted

Season 2021-2022

Veteran goaltender Pheonix Copley spent the 2021-22 season with the Washington Capitals organization. He played two NHL games with the Caps, posting a 3.11 goals-against average and .878 save percentage to go 0-1-0. With the AHL’s Hershey Bears, Copley went 18-12 with a 2.38 goals-against average and .913 save percentage.

The 30-year-old has 31 NHL games under his belt spanning six seasons. For his career, he is 16-9 with a 2.98 goals-against average and .900 save percentage.

He is also not afraid to let go of the gloves:

Outlook 2022-23

Copley was brought in to serve as a veteran back-up in the AHL, but someone with NHL experience should anything happen to Jonathan Quick or Cal Petersen. Last season, Garrett Sparks played that role for the Ontario Reign while having a cup of coffee with the Los Angeles Kings in a pinch. For 2022-23, it will be Copley.

Matt Villalta will undoubtedly have a head start in the starting role in Ontario, but there are other young goaltenders who will be competing for ice time. At last weekend’s Rookie Faceoff in San Jose, we saw two in Jacob Ingham and David Hrenak.

Young goaltenders will have the luxury of veteran Copley to help them with their development, while the latter will also try to work his way up to another opportunity in the NHL.

(Main photo credit: NHL.com)

Glacier’s red buses offer history and sustainability


They are as ubiquitous as the beautiful landscapes and views of Glacier National Park.

The red buses that take people to Glacier National Park in Montana have a rich history. The buses have been in service for more than 100 years, beginning with their creation by Roe Emery and Walter White, vice president of the Cleveland-based White Motor Company, which built the red buses.

The iconic red buses were the first motorized mode of transport allowed in the park. Each bus is now valued at $250,000, though they originally cost $5,000 each to make in 1936, according to Glacier National Park Lodges.

“Glacier’s fleet of 33 buses is widely considered the oldest fleet of passenger vehicles in the world,” said Matt Berna, president of Intrepid Travel for North America. Intrepid Travel asks its customers to use the buses when visiting the park. “We want to showcase the human history and heritage of the park by taking advantage of the stunning mountain views. Historic buses use alternative fuel technology, gas and propane, which supports our awareness around our emissions.

The drivers are called “Jammers” because they were heard “jamming” the speeds of red buses going up Going-to-the-Sun Road when the buses had standard transmissions. Going-to-the Sun Road, an iconic landmark in the national park, opened in 1933.

(Photo by Kristi Eaton)

No tours were offered to Glacier between 1943 and 1946 due to fuel rationing due to World War II. From 1914 to the 1970s, the drivers were college-aged men. The first female red bus driver in Glacier National Park dates back to the 1980s.

“The roll-up roof allows for greater visibility as seasoned park veterans share their insights and history with riders,” Berna said. “Since the Going-to-the-Sun corridor is often impacted by heavy traffic, we decided to improve the experience with the red bus.”

Of the 33 buses in operation today, 17 are from 1936, 11 from 1937, 4 from 1938, and 1 from 1939. On average, the red buses carry 60,000 tourists each summer through Glacier National Park.

In 2016, Interior Secretary Sally Jewell traveled to Glacier National Park and rode a red bus to kick off the National Park Service’s 100th anniversary celebration.

During the event, Jewell highlighted the effects of climate change on national parks, including Glacier National Park. To this end, Glacier has designed several sustainability projects initiatives.

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Glacier’s red buses offer history and sustainability

They are as ubiquitous as the beautiful landscapes and views seen in Glacier National Park.

The red buses that take people through Glacier National Park in Montana have a storied history. The buses have been in service for more than 100 years, beginning with their creation by Roe Emery and Walter White, vice president of the Cleveland-based White Motor Company, which built the red buses.

The iconic red buses were the first motorized mode of transport allowed in the park. Each bus is valued at $250,000 today, even though it originally cost $5,000 to make in 1936, according to Glacier National Park Lodges.

“Glacier’s fleet of 33 buses is widely considered the oldest fleet of passenger vehicles in the world,” said Matt Berna, president of Intrepid Travel for North America. Intrepid Travel asks its customers to use the buses when visiting the park. “We want to showcase the human history and heritage of the park by taking advantage of the stunning mountain views. Historic buses use alternative fuel technology, gas and propane, which supports our awareness of our emissions. »

The drivers are called “Jammers” because you could hear them “jamming” the gears of the red buses. ride Going-to-the-Sun Road when buses had standard transmissions. Going-to-the Sun Road, an iconic landmark in the national park, opened in 1933.

(Photo by Kristi Eaton)

No tours were offered to Glacier between 1943 and 1946 due to fuel rationing due to World War II. From 1914 to the 1970s, the drivers were college-aged men. The first female red bus driver in Glacier National Park dates back to the 1980s.

“The roll-up roof allows for greater visibility as seasoned park veterans share their insights and history with passengers,” Berna said. “Since the Going-to-the-Sun corridor is often impacted by heavy traffic, we decided to improve the experience with the red bus.”

Of the 33 buses in operation today, 17 are from 1936, 11 are from 1937, 4 are from 1938, and 1 is from 1939. On average, the red buses carry 60,000 tourists each summer through Glacier National Park.

In 2016, Interior Secretary Sally Jewell traveled to Glacier National Park and rode a red bus to kick off the National Park Service’s 100th anniversary celebration.

During the event, Jewell highlighted the effects of climate change on national parks, including Glacier National Park. To this end, Glacier has designed several initiatives of durability.

This article first appeared on The Daily Yonder and is republished here under a Creative Commons license.


10 Best Payday Loans No Credit Check With Guaranteed Approval


This is sponsored content. All views and opinions are those of the advertiser and do not reflect the same as WXYZ Channel 7.

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USCG Cutter Bear returns home after 74 days of deployment


The crew of USCGC Bear (WMEC 901) returned to their home port of Portsmouth on Tuesday after a 74-day patrol in the northern regions of the Atlantic Ocean.

During the deployment, Bear traveled more than 10,000 nautical miles while simultaneously working in tandem with allied and partner nations as part of Operation Nanook Naval Convoy, a flagship military exercise coordinated by the Canadian Armed Forces. Bear also conducted a living marine resources enforcement patrol for commercial fishing vessels as part of the North Atlantic Fisheries Organization, ensuring compliance with federal regulations while protecting natural resources.

For approximately two weeks, U.S., Canadian, Danish, and French forces navigated the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean conducting multiple training evolutions that included search and rescue exercises, close quarters maneuvers, fleet steam and shooting exercises. Additionally, personnel from Marine Security Response Team East, a specialized Coast Guard law enforcement unit, are embedded in Bear to practice their capabilities and help improve training programs for other nations.

At the end of Operation Nanook, Bear docked in Nuuk, Greenland for three days, hosting the first public tours by a U.S. Coast Guard asset in more than four years for local residents.

“Bear’s deployment was a unique opportunity to train with partners and allies while visiting remote locations,” said Cmdr. Brooke Millard, commander of Bear. “From close quarters maneuvers in iceberg patches to navigating the fjords of Labrador, Bear’s crew performed well.”

Bear is a 270ft medium endurance cutter based in Portsmouth with 100 crew. The cutter’s primary mission areas include homeland security, law enforcement, drug enforcement, search and rescue, migrant interdiction, and fisheries enforcement in support of the operations of the US Coast Guard throughout the Western Hemisphere.

Learn more about USCG

NASA’s Juno probe will peer under the icy crust of Europe


On September 29, NASA’s Juno probe will make the closest flyby of Jupiter’s icy moon Europa in more than 20 years as the spacecraft embarks on a probe mission deep into the ice of Europa in search of pockets of liquid water.

Europe contains a global ocean under a solid crust of ice, making this moon one of the most intriguing places on Earth. solar system at search for extraterrestrial life and one of the priorities of astrobiologists. Although Juno can’t tell us if Europa is home to extraterrestrial life, it will tell us more about the moon’s icy crust, like its thickness and whether there are underground pockets of liquid water that could reach the surface.

Juno arrive at Jupiter in July 2016, and its mission focused on study the atmosphere of Jupiterfrom the heights of its ruddy-brown cloud tops to the depths of the lower cloud layers hundreds of kilometers deep, as well as learning about the gas giant’s powerful magnetic field and its inner structure down to its core.

In 2021, NASA granted Juno a mission extension and gave it a new purpose: to study some of the the moons of Jupiter. In June 2021, the spacecraft flew within 645 miles (1,038 kilometers) of Ganymede, which, at 3,273 miles (5,268 km) in diameter, is the largest moon in the solar system. Then it will be Europe’s turn, with Juno expected to pass in front of the moon just 355 km above Europa’s surface. Juno will not see the whole moon but rather a small fraction of the surface. Still, Juno’s cameras have a wide field of view — much like that of a smartphone camera — allowing the spacecraft to take in more scenery than a normal camera.

Related: Jupiter’s Ganymede, the largest moon in the solar system, looks stunning in these first photos of NASA’s epic Juno flyby

Look under the ice

Juno’s work at Europa is considered a “reconnaissance mission” for the next NASA mission European Clipper mission, Scott Bolton, associate vice president of the Southwest Research Institute’s space science and engineering division and principal investigator of the Juno mission, told Space.com. “But we are still going to do a lot of science at Europa.”

The key to this science will be Juno’s Microwave Radiometer (MWR). “It’s a new kind of instrument we’ve invented to see under Jupiter’s clouds,” Bolton said. “‘But we can apply the same instrument to an icy satellite and see a bit in the ice.’

The MWR operates at six wavelengths and can detect thermal emission below the icy surface. The depth at which it can detect such an emission depends on the level of impurities in the ice. The purer the ice, the deeper the MWR will be able to “see” into the ice.

Although the findings of Overview of Juno Ganymede are still being written, Bolton revealed that when Juno directed the MWR to Ganymede, the instrument confirmed that the giant moon’s icy crust was very thick.

Europa might be a different story, at least at certain points on the moon. Scientists hope to one day drill through the ice, into the moon’s dark subterranean ocean. The ice crust is expected to be 30 km deep, at least in most areas, but the crust may be thinner in some areas.

Related: Chaos reigns in detailed new views of Europa, Jupiter’s icy moon

A close-up of the terrain of Europa, as seen by the Galileo spacecraft in 1998. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SETI Institute)

Previous missions that imaged Europa – the Traveler 1 and Traveler 2 spaceship, and the Galileo orbiter – discovered that parts of the moon’s surface are stained with material that appears to have sprung up from below. Juno’s infrared camera and spectrometer will analyze the composition of this material to determine if it is composed of salts or organic molecules.

One theory is that water pockets can form in the basement, either by the liquid rising by convection through the ice shell, or by the melting of the ice in the shell, possibly due to the stresses exerted on it by Jupiter’s gravitational tides. The MWR should be able to tell if there are pockets of water near the surface.

“When we were developing Juno, we didn’t really think we were getting close to icy satellites; we were completely focused on Jupiter,” Bolton said. “Now that we are looking at the moons for our extended mission, it has become apparent that the microwave radiometer works incredibly well on icy bodies as well as on gas giantsso I believe it will become a common workhorse in future planetary exploration.”

Related to the possibility of liquid water near the surface is controversial evidence of geyser eruption of water rising high above the surface and into space. In 2013, the The Hubble Space Telescope detected plume-like clouds of hydrogen and oxygen (which when combined make water) and in 2016 saw the possible silhouette of these plumes. Scientists examining archived data from the Galileo spacecraft found it had measured subtle disturbances in Jupiter’s magnetosphere near Europa that may be the result of charged particles in the plume deflecting the giant planet’s magnetic field.

Artist’s impression of a plume of water vapor rising from the surface of Europa. (Image credit: NASA/ESA/K. Retherford/SWRI)

In 2021, scientists detected enough water vapor be launched on Europe to fill an Olympic size swimming pool in minutes. However, how this water vapor got there remains unclear, as scientists have so far failed to confirm the existence of water geysers.

Could Juno make the first confirmed detection of a geyser during its flyby? “It’s long,” Bolton said. “If the plumes exist, then we must be lucky and blow them up while we’re flying over, and they must be somewhere we’re looking.”

Yet even if Juno does not spot a plume in action, the spacecraft could see a geologic feature on the surface that emits water vapor, analogous to “tiger stripes” on Saturnis the icy moon Enceladus which release their own water geysers. Alternatively, Juno’s navigation cameras will chase icy particles drifting toward Europa’s surface, reflecting and scattering light.

Juno’s polar orbit around Jupiter, flying over the North Pole then the south pole, means it will approach Europa from a steep inclination, giving the spacecraft views of the moon’s polar regions for the first time. In contrast, previous missions hugged the plane of the moons and focused on their equatorial regions. Juno’s orbit also means it’s the spacecraft’s only chance to observe Europa up close.

Did the Hubble Space Telescope see a plume of water gushing out of Europa? (Image credit: NASA/ESA/W. Sparks (STScI)/USGS Astrogeology Science Center)

“What’s happening is Juno’s orbit is now being twisted by Jupiter’s gravitational field,” Bolton said. “We have always crossed the equator, but as we get closer to Jupiter, the point at which we cross the equator moves inward.”

Juno crossed the equator of Jupiter at the distance of Ganymede – 665,000 miles, 1.07 million km) in the summer of 2021. Now the spacecraft crosses the equator of Jupiter at the distance of Europa – 383 000 miles (617,000 km). And in December 2023 and February 2024, Juno will cross Jupiter’s equator at the distance of its volcanic moon. Io – 262,000 miles (422,000 km) – and make two close overflights, both within 932 miles (1,500 km).

Juno’s extended mission will last until 2025, when mission scientists will have to make an assessment: whether the spacecraft has enough thruster to continue pointing its antenna toward Earth and is in good enough condition to continue, or if the mission will have to end.

“I imagine NASA would consider another expansion if the spacecraft is healthy,” Bolton said.

The main problem is radiation. Juno’s orbit around the giant planet is elliptical, and each time it reaches the perijove – that is, its closest point to Jupiter – it receives a large dose of radiation from charged particles that are trapped in Jupiter’s mighty magnetosphere and regularly hammer the surface of the planet’s moons. To withstand this radiation, Juno is built “like an armored tank with shields,” Bolton said, “but eventually our shields won’t hold up, to use star trek tongue, and the radiation will begin to damage Juno’s electronics.”

Juno’s encounter with Europa may be its only chance, but it won’t be the last spacecraft to visit Jupiter’s icy moons. NASA’s long-awaited Europa Clipper mission is launch scheduled for October 2024 and arrive in orbit around Jupiter in April 2030. Europa Clipper will conduct nearly 50 close flybys of Europa to fully characterize the moon and follow Juno’s search for pockets of liquid water underground that could potentially support life. . Meanwhile, European Space Agency explorer Jupiter Icy Moons (JUICE) will be launched in April 2023, for an arrival at Jupiter in July 2031, on a mission to study Europe, Ganymede and Callisto.

Follow Keith Cooper on Twitter @21stCenturySETI. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.

James Webb Space Telescope captures image of Neptune’s rings and moons


The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has captured its first image of the solar system’s icy giant Neptune, revealing the planet in a whole new light.

The image gives astronomers their best insight Neptuneicy rings for 32 years, since the Traveler 2 spacecraft flew over the planet while exiting the solar system. “It’s been three decades since we’ve seen these faint, dusty bands, and this is the first time we’ve seen them in the infrared,” said Heidi Hammel, planetary scientist at the Association of Universities for Research. in astronomy (AURA). said in a statement (opens in a new tab).

Excitingly, in addition to the previously known bright and narrow Neptunian rings, the new James Webb Space Telescope The image also shows fainter rings of dust around Neptune that even Voyager 2’s close, personal visit to the planet in 1989 could not reveal – rings that scientists have never seen before.

Related: First images of Mars from the James Webb Space Telescope reveal the secrets of the atmosphere

Webb’s near-infrared camera (NIRCam) image of Neptune, taken on July 12, 2022, brings the planet’s rings into focus for the first time in more than three decades. (Image credit: NASA, ESA, CSA and STScI)

What seems to be missing in the JWST Neptune image is the characteristic blue color who became associated with the ice giant from photos taken by the The Hubble Space Telescope.

This blue color, which is caused by methane in the planet’s atmosphere, is absent because the JWST sees Neptune in the near infrared. Because the methane in the planet’s icy clouds strongly absorbs light at these wavelengths, the planet appears quite dark at JWST in regions not covered by bright clouds at high altitudes.

Another prominent feature of the JWST image is a series of bright spots in Neptune’s southern hemisphere. These depict clouds of ice high in the icy giant’s atmosphere reflecting sunlight before the methane in the clouds absorbs it. The JWST image also highlights a continuous band of high latitude clouds surrounding a previously known vortex located at Neptune’s south pole.

A thin, faint line of brightness can also be spotted around the planet’s equator, which may indicate the global circulation of Neptune’s atmosphere driving winds and storms through the icy giant.

The image also shows something intriguing at Neptune’s north pole. At this point in Neptune’s 164 Earth-year-long orbit around the Sun, its north pole is just out of sight from the JWST’s position nearly 1 million miles (1.5 million kilometers) from Earth. Yet the most powerful space telescope ever created still managed to spot an intriguing luminosity in Neptune’s north pole region.

The JWST images also give scientists a look at seven of Neptune’s moons. In particular, just above the icy giant in the enlarged version of its view of Neptune is a bright point of light that represents the moon Triton. This Neptunian moon is covered in a frozen layer of condensed nitrogen and appears so bright, dwarfing the methane-darkened Neptune, because it reflects about 70% of the sunlight that falls on it.

In this version of Neptune’s near-infrared camera (NIRCam) image of Webb, the planet’s visible moons are labeled. Neptune has 14 known satellites, and seven of them are visible in this image. (Image credit: NASA, ESA, CSA and STScI)

At a distance from the sun that is 30 times that which separates the Earth from our star, Neptune can seem far away. But, it’s a cosmic stone’s throw from the galaxies and stars billions of light-years away that the JWST was designed to observe.

The image of Neptune further demonstrates that even though the JWST was created to visualize extremely distant cosmic objects, looking back in time at the universe as it existed billions of years ago, it still provides important and revolutionary results from inside the solar system.

Follow us on Twitter @Espacedotcom (opens in a new tab) and on Facebook (opens in a new tab).

Fire engulfs the gondola station at the top of Glacier 3000, Switzerland

The summit station of the Glacier3000 gondola on fire on Monday September 19. Photo : Vaud police website

Heartbreaking images reach us from Switzerland, where on Monday September 19, 2022, the summit station of the Glacier 3000 gondola caught fire. Glacier 3000 is a ski resort in the Swiss canton of Vaud, about 20 minutes from Gstaad and 40 minutes from Montreux.

The fire appears to have started on the fourth floor of the “Botta” restaurant on the top floor of the gondola station. Luckily the gondola station and restaurant were empty at the time as the fire broke out around 4.30am, according to local police, hours before anyone was on the mountain.

The Glacier 3000 ski resort belongs to Gstaadois Marcel Bach and billionaires Bernie Ecclestone and Jean-Claude Mimran, who bought the resort in 2005. Since then they have invested heavily in infrastructure, successfully transforming a struggling resort into a year-round attraction in the mountains. The prosecution is investigating whether it could be arson. The police have appealed for witnesses.

Restaurant Botta
The 9,747ft Scex Rouge gondola station, which houses the Botta restaurant on the top two floors, pictured before the fire. Source: screenshot from video on Glacier3000.ch

The fire was difficult to contain, as helicopters from Air Glacier and Rega (Swiss emergency services) had to be used to extinguish the fire as it was not known at the time whether the operation from the gondola was safe. The structural integrity of the building and gondola was assessed and found to be sound yesterday. Forty firefighters were on duty in the early hours of Monday, and four firefighters remained on site overnight because the nacelle engines were still overheated.

The gondola will remain closed until further notice. Further testing and evaluation is needed, but Bernhard Tschannen, CEO of Glacier 3000, is confident the resort will be able to open November 5 as planned. The restaurant will not be able to reopen for the 22/23 season, so a temporary solution will be found. Tschannen further pointed out that there are more mountain dining options for winter sports enthusiasts.

Glacier 3000
Attractions in Glacier 3000, Switzerland, photo: Glacier3000.ch

Botta Restaurant is located on the top two floors of the gondola station, located at 9,747 feet (2,971 m). It was designed by world-renowned architect Mario Botta, who also designed the Museum of Modern Art in San Francisco and the Bechtler Museum of Modern Art in Charlotte, North Carolina. Construction took ten months, cost $17.6 million (17 million Swiss francs) and opened in 2001.

The Glacier 3000 resort was slated for a November 5 season opener and had its latest addition, a new double black diamond run, ready for the start of the 22/23 season. Since our last report on this project, another 328 feet (100 m) of the 870-foot (265 m) tunnel was dug. That means a total of 656 feet or 75% is complete, putting them on track for completion. The fire must not interfere with the construction, the Scex Rouge gondola being separate from the Cabane gondola. We hope that the fire will not delay the construction of the resort’s new “Cabane Pillon” track, but above all, it will be able to open as planned in less than seven weeks.

Glacier 3000
Glacier 3000 piste map, photo: Glacier3000.ch

From Mbappe to Muhammad Ali, when sports stars become politicized


Footballer Kylian Mbappe has renewed attention on the social role of sports stars, after refusing to be photographed with the France national team.

Reports have it that the 23-year-old Paris Saint-Germain (PSG) striker has said he will not take part in a scheduled photo shoot with the world champions on Tuesday until image rights agreements are finalized. not “modified”.

The footballer sees online betting as a danger to his young fans and was frustrated at being linked to fast food which fuels obesity, French newspaper Le Parisien said.

As Mbappe is widely regarded as one of the best and most marketable players in the world, the potential financial consequences were huge, especially as there are only two months left before France defend their title in Qatar. .

So it was no big surprise that a deal was reached later on Tuesday. The striker gave up his position and also took part in the filming following a statement from the French Football Federation that they would review their decision on image rights.

Still, Mbappe isn’t the first sports star to dabble in politics – and he certainly won’t be the last.

In June 2021, Cristiano Ronaldo knocked two bottles of Coca-Cola off his table during a UEFA Euro 2020 press conference, asking for “water” instead.

The Portuguese captain, an advocate of healthy eating, was visibly flustered when he saw the black soft drinks posed in front of him, sweeping them quickly out of the camera frame.

Ronaldo’s actions have left the internet in a frenzy, flooding social media with memes, parody videos and (at times) witty jokes.

Shortly after, Coca-Cola saw its share price fall by 1.6% and its market value plunge from 241 to 237 billion euros – a drop of 4 billion euros – although this breach was short-lived and the soft drink giant recovered quickly.

Coca-Cola – a cup sponsor – said “everyone is entitled to their beverage preferences” with “different tastes and needs”.

Just a day after Ronaldo’s move, French footballer Paul Pogba moved a bottle of Heineken beer out of sight ahead of a press conference.

A devout Muslim, the Juventus player hid the bottle of non-alcoholic Heineken 0.0 after being named man of the match in a 1-0 win over Germany.

Former English Premier League player Papiss Cisse also took a stand when he played for Newcastle United and protested his payday loan sponsor over his religious beliefs.

‘Black Power’

But this is far from a new phenomenon.

Long before the era of social media, Muhammad Ali fought his way to becoming world heavyweight boxing champion in 1964, declaring “I am the greatest”.

The boxer and activist was one of the most famous and recognizable athletes of his day, having become a Muslim and giving up his birth name Cassius Clay as a “slave name”.

At the time, the United States was involved in the devastating Vietnam War. Ali was drafted into the army, but refused to enlist.

He took a stand based on his religious beliefs and his deep ethical opposition to war.

The conscientious objector was quickly arrested and later convicted of draft evasion, cementing his status as an icon of the 1960s counterculture generation.

Authorities stripped Ali of his title and his fight license was suspended.

He didn’t fight for three years.

It’s one of the most famous images in sports history: two black American athletes atop a medal platform raising their arms in the air with clenched fists.

They are Tommie Smith and John Carlos, respectively first and third in the 200 meter sprint at the Mexico City Olympics in 1968.

After winning the race, the duo picked up their medals and stood on the platform for the national anthem. When the Stars and Stripes began, Carlos and Smith gave a “Black Power Salute”.

They were loudly booed as they left the platform, despite Smith breaking the men’s world record.

Carlos and Smith were protesting the treatment of black Americans and other minorities at the time of the civil rights movement in the United States.

Both athletes were kicked out of the games, lost their medals and were widely criticized for their actions, although the legacy of their protest lives on today.

Mix politics on and off the pitch

The political stunts of sports stars still remain controversial.

While playing for PSG, Idrissa Gueye skipped a game in May, after players were asked to wear shirts with rainbow numbers to show their support for equality and inclusion LGBT+.

Gueye missed the match for “personal reasons” according to his manager at the time, Mauricio Pochettino. He also missed the equivalent game the previous season.

French President Emmanuel Macron criticized the Senegalese player’s actions, tweeting “homophobia, transphobia, biphobia strikes, discriminates, rejects. Everyone is free to be themselves, to be loved and to love”.

In 2021, Ivory Coast footballer Wilfried Zaha said he would stop kneeling, becoming one of the first English Premier League players not to take part in the anti-racism gesture.

The Crystal Palace striker has instead pledged to “stand up straight” on his return from injury, believing protest is no longer enough.

“I think the meaning behind it all becomes something that we’re just doing now,” he said. “It’s not enough. I’m not going to take the knee.

Zaha, who said her mother made her donate 10% of her earnings to charity since she was 16, also suggested that racism among black gamers continues to suffer online, suggesting the protests were ineffective .

“We try to say we’re equal but those things don’t work,” he said. “Unless there’s a change, don’t tell me. Unless some action happens, I don’t want to hear about it.

Is this the alarm signal? Here’s what the experts say


Alarming climate report for Chennai: is this the wake-up call? Here’s what the experts say

Photo: now digital mirror

Chennai: Wildfires, floods and heat waves regularly make the headlines these days. The latest is the climate change action plan released recently by the Greater Chennai Corporation (GCC) which revealed the possibility of some extreme environmental changes in the coming years due to emissions, industrialization and urbanization of the city.

What does the climate action plan say?

The City of Chennai Corporation’s Draft Climate Action Plan says 100 meters of Chennai’s coastline is at risk of submergence due to a projected sea level rise of 7cm over the next five years.

According to predicted flood risk from extreme rainfall, 29.1% of the Greater Chennai Corporation (GCC) area is at risk of flooding within five years, 56.5% would be at risk within 100 years.

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In the next 5 years, 41.1% of slums are threatened with flooding due to the population density which is twice as high as in the rest of the city. Similarly in 100 years, 68% of slums are at risk of flooding.

At least 20% of physical infrastructure, such as MTC bus stops, CMRL stations and commuter rail stations, smart bike stations, STPs and electric charging infrastructure would be affected in the next five years, while 45% of them will be in 100 years.

“North Chennai Thermal Power Plants will also be affected which will require replacement,” the report said.

In addition, 16% of the GCC area, which covers approximately 67 km2, will be permanently under water in 2100, endangering approximately 10,000 people in addition to the vulnerable population.

GCC, with support from C40 and the Center for Urban Management, prepared the action plan. Six sectors have been studied and climate risk reduction projects have been proposed in the GCC action plan. These include controlling floods and water scarcity, managing vulnerable populations, decarbonizing the power grid, increasing the use of renewable energy, energy-efficient buildings, sustainable waste management and transport.

Is the climate action plan a wake-up call?

Campaigners and experts hailed the showing of the report and said it was a wake-up call for all to join hands and work to reduce global warming.

Speaking to Times Network, GP Sharma, President of Meteorology and Climate Change at Skymet Weather, said: “The world is on a sleepy walk towards climate catastrophe. Nothing is being done to tackle climate change. icebergs from the Arctic to Antarctica are melting. The Thwaites Glacier and others are also deteriorating. All of this is contributing to sea level rise.”

“Fears are being expressed due to melting snow from glaciers and mountains which will eventually trigger sea level rise and Chennai’s problem is no different. 2021 was again one of the hottest years in seven years. Coasts around the world, including Chennai, are under threat. We need to take action in a timely manner, otherwise the assumptions will become reality one day,” Sharma stressed.

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Dr Sudhir Krishna, former Secretary of the Ministry of Urban Development, said: “The report is a revelation not only for Chennai, but should be taken into account by all coastal cities in the country. Global warming is a global phenomenon and is being considered internationally by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). They had given a report in 2019 in which the sea level was predicted to rise by 0.6 to about 1 meter. Some cities will be more affected because of this and Chennai is in the region at greatest risk.

“Development works on the Chennai coast must be carefully observed and regulated. High-rise buildings and major construction and excavation activities should be completely stopped near the coast. All Indian coastal cities should form a conclave with the help of the Indian government and discuss climate change in their respective cities and its impacts,” he advised.

2 female IT professionals killed in accident in Chennai
2 female IT professionals killed in accident in Chennai | Latest news in English | mirror now

Scientists propose controversial plan to refreeze the North and South Poles by spraying sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere | Climate News


Scientists have presented a controversial plan to refreeze the North and South Poles and lower the global thermostat.

They say high-flying jets could spray microscopic aerosol particles into the atmosphere to reflect sunlight and cool melting ice caps.

About 175,000 flights per year would be required, releasing millions of tons of carbon dioxide.

But a former UK chief scientist has backed the plans, telling Sky News polar warming is now critical – and refreezing ice could curb global sea level rise.

The new study was led by Wake Smith of Yale University in the US.

He warned the plan would address an important symptom of climate change, not the cause.

“It’s aspirin, not penicillin. It’s not a substitute for decarbonization,” he said.

Under this plan, a fleet of 125 military air-to-air tankers would release a cloud of microscopic sulfur dioxide particles at an altitude of 43,000 feet (13 km) and a latitude of 60 degrees in both hemispheres, at roughly the equivalent of the Shetland Islands in the north and the Falklands in the south.

The particles would slowly drift poleward during high-altitude winds, slightly shading the Earth’s surface below.

Just over 13 million tonnes of particles released in spring and summer would be enough to cool the polar regions by 2°C, with more moderate cooling at mid-latitudes, according to research published in the scientific journal Environmental Research Communications.

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The plan is controversial, not least because the large number of flights – equivalent to more than two days of global air traffic in 2021 – would release greenhouse gases into the upper atmosphere where they are more damaging.

Other scientists are also cautious about triggering sunscreen, as it could have unintended consequences, such as reduced crop yields.

A plan to release particles from a balloon in northern Sweden last year was scrapped after protests from environmentalists. A full-scale release program would require international agreement.

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But the researchers say only 1% of the human population lives in the target deployment area. And the £10billion-a-year cost of the scheme would be far less than carbon capture or other means of mitigating or adapting to climate change, they add.

“If the risk-benefit equation were to pay off anywhere, it would be at the poles,” Smith said.

“Any intentional rotation of the global thermostat would be of common interest to all of humanity.”

The poles are warming several times faster than the global average, with record heat waves reported in the Arctic and Antarctica earlier this year.

If the vast ice sheets of Greenland and West Antarctica reached a tipping point – now considered likely under current global warming projections – sea levels would rise by several meters.

Sir David King, former chief government scientist and founder of Cambridge University’s Center for Climate Repair (CCR), told Sky News that radical action was needed to save polar ice.

“We are here, right now,” he said.

“The idea is to save time while deeply and rapidly reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

“It is essential. If we continue to broadcast at the current rate, we are cooked.”

Dr Shaun Fitzgerald, director of the JRC, said the large number of flights could be justified if they addressed the immediate problem of sea level rise.

“Using planes is not pleasant at all, but the impact of these greenhouse gases is a longer term effect.

“We’re worried about the impacts (of climate change) right now. It’s really urgent.”

The JRC is working on a strategy in its laboratories to thin clouds over the Arctic Ocean with a fleet of ships pumping seawater into the atmosphere. The clouds would reflect sunlight back into space, cooling the ice in the region.

The CCR supports a UN moratorium on any form of large-scale geoengineering until experiments have shown it is safe and there is agreement on the critical need to use it.

Wildfire smoke may have amplified Arctic phytoplankton blooms


Smoke from a wildfire in Siberia may have carried enough nitrogen to parts of the Arctic Ocean to amplify a phytoplankton bloom, according to new research from North Carolina State University and the Takuvik International Research Laboratory ( CNRS/Laval University) in Canada. The work sheds light on some potential ecological effects of wildfires in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly as these fires grow larger, longer and more intense.

In the summer of 2014, satellite imagery detected a larger than normal algal bloom in the Laptev Sea, located in the Arctic Ocean about 850 kilometers (528 miles) south of the North Pole.

“For such a large bloom to occur, the area would need a substantial influx of new nitrogen supply, as the Arctic Ocean is nitrogen depleted,” says Douglas Hamilton, assistant professor of marine, terrestrial and atmospheric sciences. at NC State and co-first author of an article describing the work. Hamilton was previously a research associate at Cornell University, where the research was conducted. “So we had to figure out where that nitrogen was coming from.”

First, the researchers looked at the ‘usual suspects’ of nitrogen input, such as melting sea ice, river flow and ocean upwelling, but found nothing that would explain the amount of nitrogen needed for growth to occur.

But during that same period, unusually large wildfires in Siberia, Russia, located directly upwind of the bloom, had burned about 1.5 million hectares (or about 3.5 million acres) of lands.

So the researchers turned their attention to atmospheric composition. They used the Community Earth System Model (CESM), a computer model that can simulate what happens to emissions from natural and human sources as they enter and leave the atmosphere. The model was fed information on the wind, temperature and atmospheric composition – including the composition of wildfire smoke – from the period in question.

Model simulations showed that in late July and August 2014 – when the bloom was detected and the Siberian Wildfire was burning – atmospheric nitrogen deposition was almost double that of previous years and following.

“Wildfires have been localized to rapidly warming boreal regions that have a lot of peat in the permafrost melting,” Hamilton says. “Peat is very high in nitrogen, and smoke from burning peat has been assumed to be the most likely source of much of the extra nitrogen.”

“We know that fires can impact phytoplankton blooms, but it’s unexpected to see something like this in the Arctic Ocean,” says Mathieu Ardyna, co-first author and CNRS researcher at the Takuvik International Research Laboratory ( CNRS/Laval University). “Most likely, given that fires are location-specific and difficult to predict, blooms like this won’t be the norm – but when these wildfires do occur, the nutrients they bring could lead to blooms. sustained or multiple.”

Next steps for researchers could include reviewing historical satellite records and further characterizing the chemical makeup of particles in the smoke to get a clearer picture of how wildfires like these might impact on different ecosystems.

“A one-time bloom like this won’t change the structure of the ecosystem, but Siberia and the Canadian High Arctic are experiencing more forest fires,” Hamilton says. “Therefore, it may be worth exploring potential downstream effects if fire activity and nutrient input remain high.”

The work appears in Earth & Environment Communications and has been supported by the Department of Energy under grant number DE-SC0021302, CNES (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales) Alg-O-Nord research project, ArcticNet High Impact Publications Program and the European Union Horizon 2020 Marie Sklodowska- Bourse Curie (n° 746748).


Note to editors: A summary follows.

“Aerosol deposition from wildfires likely amplified a summer bloom of Arctic phytoplankton”

DO I: 10.1038/s43247-022-00511-9

Authors: Mathieu Ardyna, Laval University, Stanford University and CNRS; Douglas S. Hamilton, North Carolina State University and Cornell University; Tristan Harmel, University of Toulouse; Léo Lacour, Julien Laliberté, Laval University; Diana N. Bernstein, University of Southern Mississippi; Chris Horvat, Brown University; Rémi Laxenaire, Florida State University and CNRS; Matthew Mills, Gert van Dijken, Kevin Robert Arrigo, Stanford University; Igor Polyakov, University of Alaska and Finnish Meteorological Institute; Hervé Claustre, CNRS; Natalie Mahowald, Cornell University
Published: September 19, 2022 in Earth & Environment Communications

In recent years, an increase in the frequency of forest fires has been observed in July and August in boreal forest and tundra ecosystems on a pan-Arctic scale. Although wildfires in the Northern Hemisphere are common, they are becoming particularly unusual due to their increased latitude, duration and intensity. Such extreme wildfire activity is correlated with increased temperatures, dry conditions, and atmospheric disturbances (i.e. thunderstorms) associated with climate change. Here we report a newly observed and unexpected consequence of high latitude wildfires; large phytoplankton blooms near the North Pole (up to 82°N in the eastern Eurasian Basin), induced by northward transport and deposition of nutrients carried in wildfire aerosol smoke plumes . These Arctic surface waters, which are highly stratified and nitrogen depleted relative to phytoplankton requirements, received large amounts of wildfire-derived nitrogen in the summer of 2014, which alleviated the limitation of nutrients and triggered an unusually large phytoplankton bloom. These intensified climate changes to natural biogeochemical cycles will need to be quantified and incorporated into Arctic studies to account for their impacts on nutrient and carbon cycles.

Houston choreographer Karen Stokes maps a life reset


Karen Stokes is conducting practice for an upcoming production Monday, August 29, 2022 at the University of Houston in Houston. Photo: Jon Shapley/Staff Photographer

Before the great disruption of a global pandemic, before she first considered retiring from a teaching job she had held for years, and before she lost her mother and her mentor, Karen Stokes felt the need to disrupt old patterns.

Stokes says she avoids launching new dance works based on a theme, but rather out of what she describes as “my fundamental interest in movement as a choreographer.”

With the new “Mapping and Glaciers”, Stokes presents a dance that took years to prepare and that took place alongside great moments and decisions in his life and work.

For someone days away from premiering his new work with Karen Stokes Dance and weeks away from retiring from a position at the University of Houston, Stokes projects remarkable calm as he discusses his new work around A coffee. Perhaps the restlessness and rolling find their way into the dance.

“I found myself thinking a lot about things — certain movement things — that I did naturally that at this point were shaped by years of doing them,” Stokes says. “And trying to find ways out of patterns.”

More information

“Cartography and Glaciers”

When: 7:30 p.m. Sept. 17-19, 22-24; 4 p.m. September 25

Where: MATCH, 3400 main

Details: $35 to $100; matchouston.org

Which partly explains the sight of five dancers on their knees, their arms moving with nervous but precise energy as they twist and clap call bells, like those found in hotel lobbies.

“We were hoping to work differently,” she says. “I’m interested in using space as choreography, as a metaphor for many different things: silence and this need for less density in our lives. A more open consciousness.

Mapping change

There is a climatological aspect and a sociopolitical aspect, too, in the work. Several years ago, Stokes had the opportunity to walk inside a glacier in Iceland. She has long had a deep affinity for cards. Their beauty and transience – especially at a time when the Earth is undergoing dramatic changes – have found their way into the dance to the point that they have bestowed upon it the title of “Cartography and Glaciers”.

The dance started with pen and paper. Stokes made some abstract scribbles and wondered “how could I transform this map, to use as a score. How was I able to create this drawing on paper for the body?

She pulled out atlases from the UH library and pored over old maps with ships and snakes, full of boundaries and designations made by acts of aggression. She took into account the unreliable narrators who crafted them, as well as the changes in geological features – with glaciers and shorelines – since the maps were originally drawn.

Stokes presented a short version of the work in 2017 – during a performance celebrating 20 years of Karen Stokes Dance – and knew she wanted to do more. She connected with Samuel Lipman in Austin, to write string quartet music to accompany her work. Stokes provided an old Norse folksong with a melody she wanted to incorporate into the composition. Those bells on the floor were there from the start, so Lipman had to incorporate them into the work. The two have collaborated fully via Zoom and will not meet until the show premieres.

The pandemic has slowed down the process. But it also allowed her life to blend into the story she was telling with movement.

Space, time and the great unknown

In May 2021, Stokes’ mother, Roberta Stokes, died. Roberta was an important modern dance figure in Houston, having moved to the city with her family in 1968 when her husband took a job at Rice University. She founded and directed the choreographers of the Museum of Contemporary Art and has devoted a quarter of a century to choreography, dance and teaching.

Stokes said of her mother last year: ‘Innate, intuitively, she was a mover. She loved to move and perform. Even after her quote-unquote retirement, she enjoyed performing. If she was in a room with music, she would improvise. We had to let him speak.

Parallels are easily drawn between the two dancers. Stokes feels the need to be a mover too. After this semester, she will leave the University of Houston, where she was a teacher and director of its dance program for 25 years. His mother turned to painting after a quarter of a century in dance.

Stokes doesn’t know what his next chapter will be. She plans to focus more on that after two weekends of “Mapping and Glaciers” performances.
She wants to take piano lessons for the first time since she was a teenager. She would like to improve her French.

“I want to give myself space,” she says. “The idea of ​​open time, of space. Space.”

She doesn’t like the term retreat or the way our culture views it as a last stop before the ossuary. Stokes says his recently retired brother called it a “life reset”.

Stokes still loves teaching, but worries she’s settled into a “deep-seated pattern”. She also stresses that her position is desirable. Hanging on could rob a young instructor of the opportunity to make an impact on students.

She clarified that her retirement as a teacher does not mean the end of Karen Stokes Dance. It will remain operational. But what comes next with her business could be shaped or determined by what the next few years bring as she explores new space.

“I’m going to another place,” she says, “which is uncertain and unknowable in some way. I like the idea that there is still something to learn. It is a question of entering into this uncertainty.

[email protected]

  • Andrew Dansby

    Andrew Dansby covers culture and entertainment, both local and national, for the Houston Chronicle. He came to The Chronicle in 2004 from Rolling Stone, where he spent five years writing about music. He had previously spent five years in book publishing, working with publisher George RR Martin on the first two books in the series that would become “Game of Thrones” on television. photos you’ve never seen. He has written for Rolling Stone, American Songwriter, Texas Music, Playboy and other publications.

    Andrew dislikes monkeys, dolphins, and the outdoors.

The best list of frozen holidays inspired by Frozen Planet II – Scotland on Sunday Travel

A polar bear in Svalbard. Photo: PA Photo/Alamy.

A decade after enthralling viewers with scenes of snowy landscapes and hardy creatures surviving in sub-zero conditions, Sir David Attenborough and the BBC’s Natural History Unit are back with the six-part series Frozen Planet II, on BBC One.

Although it took four and a half years to collect shots from some of the world’s most remote places, it’s possible for travelers inspired by the images to set off and have their own polar adventure. As the expedition industry grows and travelers develop an even greater appetite for unmissable adventures, destinations such as Svalbard and South Georgia are becoming more accessible.

Yes, the costs are high and they’re a big investment, but these are once-in-a-lifetime trips to some of the most fragile places on our planet. And as climate change continues to threaten and reshape the environment, these are memorable experiences you won’t want to put on ice.

Emperor penguins. Photo: PA Photo/Alamy.

Whales, fjords and mighty icebergs

Where: Greenland and Iceland

Largely covered in ice, Greenland is almost impossible to cross by land. Sailing the coastline is the best way to explore the environment, meet local Inuit communities, watch whales, and sneak through a gallery of iceberg carvings. While most trips head west, this expedition explores the east coast, stopping at the Thule settlements of Frederiksdal and Sydkap and exploring the beautiful fjord system of Scoresbysund, arguably the most beautiful fjord system around. of the planet. For added value, the trip begins in Iceland in the equally offbeat Westfjords, home to Europe’s largest bird cliff at Látrabjarg – a must for birdwatchers – and a chance to keep an eye out for the Northern Lights. .

How: Intrepid (intrepidtravel.com) offers a 14-day Greenland and Iceland Northern Lights trip from £7,225 pp (three shares). Departure September 8, 2023. Excluding international flights.

Tasiilaq on Ammassalik Island in East Greenland. Photo: PA Photo/Alamy.

Dog sledding in nature

Once considered a remote wilderness, the arctic archipelago of Svalbard has become much more accessible in recent years. But there are still plenty of icy nooks and crannies offering adventure. Traveling by dog ​​sled, this three-day trip departs from the Advent Valley outside the remote town of Longyearbyen and explores valleys, mountains and glaciers in a roadless country above the Arctic Circle Arctic. Accommodation is simple trapper style cabins where everyone is busy chopping wood for the oven, melting snow for drinking water and tending to the team of avid huskies pulling the sleds. Additional excursions are available – whether it’s a nature safari on quiet electric snowmobiles or a guided e-bike ride that operates in winter and summer.

How: Regent Holidays (regent-holidays.co.uk) is offering a five-night trip from £2,495 pp (two sharing), including flights, transfers and all meals. Various departures in January and February 2023.

Dog sledding in Svalbard. Photo: PA Photo/Alamy.

Traditionally, most trips to Antarctica have been along the west coast of the peninsula. But as temperatures rise and the ice moves, the Weddell Sea becomes much more accessible. Earlier this year, conditions allowed scientists to discover explorer Shackleton’s lost ship, The Endurance, and several tourist vessels made it as far south as Snow Hill. Quark Expeditions’ ship Ultramarine aims to visit the remote island, a gateway to one of the few accessible emperor penguin colonies. Conditions permitting, a helicopter will transfer guests inland for a hike on the pack ice and observe the world’s largest penguins and their chicks.

How: Discover the World (discover-the-world.com) is offering a 14-night trip from £29,654 pp (two sharing), excluding international flights. Departures on November 12 and 24, 2023.

An elephant seal in southern Gergia. Photo: PA Photo/Alamy.

A chilling animal spectacle

Everyone’s obsessed with Antarctica – with good reason – but true wildlife enthusiasts head to the subantarctic islands. For starters, penguin species are plentiful: find gorgeous kings, entertaining rockhoppers, and slightly ridiculous macaroni. The birdlife is also excellent. In the company of a team of experts, walk through colonies of albatrosses and marvel as their huge wingspans cast shadows of jumbo jets, or listen to the birdsong of the rescued South Georgia pipit of extinction. Wildlife Worldwide will organize a trip at the start of the season where it is possible to see belligerent elephant seals involved in loud and bloody jousting fights, fur seals and albatrosses. Traveling aboard the state-of-the-art, custom-built Magellan Explorer, which can accommodate up to 96 passengers in comfortable en-suite cabins, most with private verandas, the voyage allows visitors, weather permitting, to take zodiac trips to see the area. closer birds and mammals. Starting in 2025, you’ll have plenty of time to save for a once-in-a-lifetime trip.

How: The Traveling Naturalist (naturalist.co.uk) offers a 15-day trip to the Festival of Wildlife Falklands and South Georgia from £9,995 pp (two sharing) on ​​the Magellan Explorer, excluding international flights. Departing October 11, 2025.

Make the big polar leap from the little ship

Where: Northern Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Norway

Latrabjarg cliffs, Westfjords, Iceland. Photo: PA Photo/Alamy.

Expedition sailing is best done on smaller vessels, allowing for intimate encounters and the ability to sail in waters where larger vessels cannot go. Sailing on a 33-seat schooner, this newly launched voyage aims to combine land and sea exploration. In addition to watching walruses and polar bears from a safe distance, guests can snowshoe along the shore and take in the “spicy” landscape that originally gave Spitsbergen its name. Sailing in the summer when the sun never sets means you have plenty of time to stay up late to enjoy the scenery and look for whales, whose numbers have steadily increased.

How: KE Adventure (keadventure.com) offers a 10-day trip from £4,870 pp (two sharing), including flights, accommodation and all meals. Departures on June 7 and 17, 2023.

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Rest and relax under the Turkish sun at Cook’s Club Adakoy, Scotland on Sunday…

Lake County News, California – Report: Greenhouse Gases and Record Sea Levels in 2021

Changes in global mean sea level (basemap) and local sea level (dots) between 1993 and 2021. In the global ocean, sea level has risen almost everywhere (blue). Coastal areas where sea levels have fallen (brown) are places where the land is rising as it rebounds after being compressed by ice caps and glaciers during the last ice age. NOAA Climate.gov map, based on data from the University of Hawaii Sea Level Center. Image courtesy of NOAA.

Greenhouse gas concentrations, global sea levels and ocean heat content hit record highs in 2021, according to the 32nd annual climate report.

The annual international review of the world’s climate, led by scientists from NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information and published by the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, or AMS, is based on contributions from more than 530 scientists in more than 60 country.

It provides the most comprehensive update on Earth’s climate indicators, notable weather events, and other data collected by environmental monitoring stations and instruments located on land, water, ice, and in the ocean. ‘space.

“The data presented in this report is clear – we continue to see more compelling scientific evidence that climate change is having global impacts and shows no signs of abating,” said NOAA Administrator Rick Spinrad, Ph. D. “With many communities affected by 1,000-odd floods, exceptional drought and historic heat this year, it shows that the climate crisis is not a future threat, but something we must deal with today so that we are working to build a climate-ready nation – and a world – that is resilient to climate extremes.”

“The 2021 AMS Climate Report provides the latest synthesis of scientific understanding of the climate system and the impact people have on it,” said Paul Higgins, Associate Executive Director of AMS. “If we take it seriously and use it wisely, it can help us thrive on a planet that’s getting smaller and smaller relative to the impact of our activities.”

Notable findings from the international report include:

• Earth’s greenhouse gases were the highest on record. The main atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide – each reached new records in 2021. The global annual average concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was 414.7 parts per million (ppm). This was 2.3 ppm higher than 2020 amounts and was the highest measured in modern observational records as well as the highest at least in the last million years based on paleoclimate records . The average annual concentration of methane in the atmosphere was also the highest on record, and the annual increase of 18 parts per billion (ppb) was the highest since measurements began. The annual increase in methane has accelerated significantly since 2014. The annual increase of 1.3 ppb for nitrous oxide was the third highest since 2001, contributing to a global average annual atmospheric concentration of 334.3 ppb.
• The global warming trend has continued. A series of scientific analyzes indicate that annual global surface temperatures were 0.38 to 0.50 degrees F (0.21 to 0.28 degrees C) above the 1991 to 2020 average. 2021 among the six warmest years since records began in the mid to late 1800s. The past seven years (2015-2021) have been the seven warmest years on record, and mean surface temperature of the planet has increased at an average rate of 0.14 to 0.16 degrees F (0.08 to 0.09 degrees C) per decade since recording began and at a rate more than twice as high since 1981 (0.32 – 0.36 degrees F, or 0.18 – 0.20 degrees C, per decade since 1981, according to a series of scientific analyses).
• Ocean heat and global sea levels were the highest on record. The ocean sequesters the vast majority of excess energy trapped in the Earth system by greenhouse gases and other factors; estimated at more than 90% over the last half-century. The global ocean heat content, measured from the ocean surface to a depth of over 6,000 feet, continued to increase and reached new records in 2021. For the 10th consecutive year, the Global mean sea level reached a new record high and was about 3.8 inches (97.0 mm) higher than the average for 1993 – the year that marks the start of the record for satellite measurements.
• La Niña conditions lowered sea surface temperatures. La Niña conditions that began in mid-2020 continued through most of 2021. Annual global sea surface temperature in 2021 was lower than 2019 and 2020 partly due to La Niña, but was still 0.52 degrees F (0.29 degrees C) above the 1991-2020 average. About 57% of the ocean surface experienced at least one marine heat wave in 2021.
• Temperatures were mixed in the southern hemisphere. La Niña contributed to the warmest year on record for New Zealand, but also the coldest year since 2012 for Australia. In Antarctica, cold air in a powerful and stable polar vortex contributed to the coldest winter (April to September) on record at the South Pole. On the Antarctic Peninsula, the only part of the continent that extends beyond the Antarctic Circle, two stations received persistent warm northerly winds; one station equaled its highest annual temperature on record while the other experienced its second highest recorded temperature.
• The Arctic was cooler overall, but some records were set. The Arctic had its coldest year since 2013, but 2021 was still the 13th warmest year in the 122-year record. Extreme heat events occurred during the summer. During a massive heat wave in western North America, a temperature of 103.8 degrees F (39.9 degrees C) was recorded on June 30 in Fort Smith, Northwest Territories, Canada; this was the highest temperature ever recorded above 60 degrees north latitude. A widespread melting event on the Greenland Ice Sheet on August 14, 2021 – the last of the season on record – coincided with the first observed rainfall in 33 years at Summit Station, which sits at more than 10,500 feet (3 200 meters) above sea level. While the minimum extent of sea ice in the Arctic was the 12th smallest extent in the 43-year record, the amount of multi-year ice – ice that survives one or several summer melt seasons – remaining in the Arctic was the second lowest on record. This indicates the Arctic’s sustained transition to younger, thinner ice cover, which is more likely to experience complete melting in the future.
• Tropical cyclone activity was well above average. There were 97 named tropical storms during the Northern and Southern Hemisphere storm seasons last year, well above the 87 average from 1991 to 2020. Seven tropical cyclones reached Category 5 intensity on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale. The North Atlantic hurricane basin recorded 21 named storms, the third-largest for the basin, behind the record 30 hurricanes in 2020 and 28 in 2005. Category 4 Hurricane Ida was the most impactful storm of the Atlantic. With $75 billion (US dollars) in damage, Ida was the costliest US disaster of 2021 and the fifth costliest hurricane on record since 1980. Super Typhoon Rai was the third costliest typhoon in the history of the Philippines, causing around 1 billion dollars (US dollars) in damage and more than 400 deaths.

The State of the Climate Report is a peer-reviewed series published annually as a special supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. The journal makes the full report available online. The NCEI High Level Summary Report is also available online.

Payday lenders disappear from Bellevue, rest of state after interest capped at 36% | Nice view


Nebraska payday lenders have all closed in the two years since voters capped the interest rate they could charge.

The latest handful waived their delayed depository services business licenses in December, according to records maintained by the Nebraska Department of Banking and Finance.

Just six months earlier, there were 19 such companies. That, in turn, was down from the 65 businesses allowed on June 30, 2020, shortly before Nebraskanians passed a ballot measure limiting businesses to charging 36% annual interest. The measure was passed with more than 80% support.

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Former state senator Al Davis of Hyannis, a Nebraskans leader for responsible lending who pushed the ballot measure, offered only fake sympathy about the demise of the lending industry. Nebraska.

“Isn’t that a shame!” he said, adding, “They presented themselves as good Samaritans helping people, but they were anything but.”

Davis said he didn’t expect all payday lenders to close, though he expected the number of such businesses to drop significantly. He noted that industry officials predicted ahead of the 2020 vote that some lenders were likely to hang on.

On the other side, Ed D’Alessio, executive director of INFiN, a national trade association representing deferred deposit companies, said the shutdowns were predictable, based on the experience of other states that have imposed similar rate caps.

“Nebraska’s 36% rate cap on deferred deposit loans was never about consumer protection,” he said. “It was about the thinly veiled desire of activists to eliminate a regulated service loved by many.”

D’Alessio predicted that “Nebraska is likely to learn the hard way that illegal lenders thrive under restrictive, arbitrary, and antiquated rate caps, with little consumer protection.”

Payday loans, also known as cash advances, check advances, or deferred deposit loans, are a type of short-term, high-cost borrowing that people use to obtain small amounts immediate money.

Lenders typically charge a 15% fee, rather than traditional interest, for a short period. For example, a customer could write a check for $100 dated two weeks in the future, and the lender would give that person $85 in cash. When translated into an annual interest rate, the results can be surprising.

A state report showed that Nebraska payday borrowers ended up paying an average annual rate of 405% in 2019. The 1994 state law authorizing payday lenders in Nebraska exempted them from the general cap on 16% on interest rates.

As a result, borrowers can find themselves in a spiral of debt, in which they pay hundreds or thousands of dollars in fees over time and fall further and further behind financially. Some lose bank accounts or even end up in bankruptcy.

Reports from the state banking department showed that approximately 50,000 people took out payday loans in Nebraska in 2019. The average loan was $362, and the average person got 10 loans during the year.

The coalition that called for a rate cap on the ballot and lobbied for its passage included several organizations that work with or advocate for Nebraska’s low-income families, children and seniors — the groups most likely to be affected by payday loan debt.

In response, industry representatives argued that the cap would bankrupt most, if not all, payday lenders and leave customers without good alternatives when they need money.

Kent Rogert, a lobbyist for payday lenders, said the 36% cap meant payday lenders could only earn about $1.38 per $100 lent, which isn’t enough to survive in a business that sees up to 40% of loans in default.

“The amount of money you would earn is less than what it would cost to process these transactions,” he said. “You can’t pay the lighting bill for this.”

Rogert noted that some old deferred deposit businesses may still be open to provide other services, such as cashing paychecks for a fee. He said he didn’t know what former customers were doing now if they needed money fast.

But a 2017 report of the Center for Responsible Lending said research in other states found people were turning to cheaper ways to get cash when the payday loan industry shut down. These include borrowing from family and friends, getting credit card advances, cutting expenses and tapping into savings.

Patricia Herstein, general counsel for the Nebraska Banking Department, cited other options. She said some people might use installment loan companies, which are allowed to charge up to 24% interest on the first $1,000 and 21% thereafter.

Others may have crossed state lines to find payday lenders in Iowa or other states. Some have turned to online lenders, which generally charge very high rates and are not regulated by the state. Herstein said the state agency has filed complaints about online entities and contacted them with mixed success.

She and James Goddard, senior program manager for Nebraska Appleseed, another group that backed the ballot measure, said more Nebraska credit unions were offering small-value loans.

So far, Goddard said, Nebraskanians in need of money seem to be finding ways. He said Appleseed hasn’t heard from community members saying they’re struggling to find alternatives, unlike what they’ve heard from people struggling after taking out payday loans.

“It’s a harmful product that has trapped people in a cycle of debt,” he said.

Severe storm heading for Alaska could lead to devastating flooding | Alaska


Alaska braces for what forecasters believe will be its worst storm in decades as the remnants of a typhoon bring hurricane-force winds and towering waves crashing towards its shores.

The remnants of Typhoon Merbok, now swirling over the Bering Sea, are expected to bring devastating flooding and devastating wind gusts from Friday evening and through the weekend.

National Weather Service meteorologists in Fairbanks predicted that the impact of this severe storm could produce the worst coastal flooding in five decades and that rising waters may not recede for 10 to 2 p.m. in some areas, warning residents to take “immediate action” to protect themselves.

The severe storm will also accelerate coastal erosion that has already endangered villages and indigenous communities.

“It looks like for the northern Bering Sea it will be the deepest or strongest storm we have ever seen in September,” said meteorologist Ed Plumb, adding that he was on a “perfect course. to cause major severe coastal flooding in parts of western Alaska”.

The National Weather Service issued coastal flood warnings beginning Friday, stretching from parts of southwest Alaska to the Chukchi Sea coast in northwest Alaska. The agency warned on Thursday that water levels in Nome could be up to 11 feet (3.3 meters) above the normal high tide line, and in Golovin up to 13 feet (4 meters) . The coastal flood warning for the southern coast of the Seward Peninsula, including Nome, was in effect Friday evening through Sunday morning.

Officials have urged residents to prepare and their homes as threats of high winds and heavy rains could flood critical infrastructure and roads. AccuWeather analysts noted that “monstrous seas” had already reached the height of four-story buildings on Thursday, adding that the worst conditions are expected Friday through Saturday night.

Much of Alaska’s west coast could experience flooding and high winds as the remnants of Typhoon Merbok move through the Bering Sea region. Photograph: Leon Boardway/AP

Along with the flooding, wind gusts between 50 mph and 75 mph are expected and could reach 100 mph across the state’s upper west coast and parts of the Aleutian Islands, according to Mike Youman, chief meteorologist for storm warnings. at AccuWeather. Such strong gusts can uproot trees, break large branches and crumple poorly constructed homes and structures; widespread power outages were expected.

Authorities are bracing for the worst, but say Alaskans have experience navigating severe storms, including the historic 2011 Bering Sea superstorm, which was strong enough to chip off the roofs of buildings, overturning tankers, sinking boats and leaving massive damage in its wake.

“We know the drill and where things are normally impacted,” Nome Mayor John Handeland said Thursday. Jeremy Zidek, a spokesman for the Alaska Office of Emergency Management, echoed his sentiments, noting officials were in touch with community leaders and urging residents to prepare.

“We’ve seen storms like this, like in 2011, that did severe damage on the west coast of Alaska and we’ve seen similar storms that didn’t do much damage,” Zidek said. . But with so much of the region facing high risk, this storm threatened to surpass even that 2011 disaster.

The severity of the storm is not the only concern – the timing of Merbok’s arrival is also important. At the start of the year, the region is devoid of heavy ice cover, which helps protect against strong storm-induced waves. The climate crisis has compounded the problem, as warmer waters and higher temperatures have left less sea ice under the force of an expanding ocean.

Alaska is warming twice as fast as the global average, according to the Fourth National Climate Assessment, an analysis by climatologists of how climate change will affect the United States, and sea ice is disappearing at an alarming rate.

This is just the latest climate disaster to hit Alaska in recent months. The state has been hit by wildfires this season with more than 3.1 million acres burned so far this year. The climate crisis produced warmer springs and summers that left the tundra covered in vegetation.

The Climate Assessment Report highlighted the threat to coastal communities, finding that 87% of Alaska Native communities are affected by flooding and erosion.

Residents of the Yup’ik town of Newtok, for example, have in recent years been forced to abandon their forever homes due to rising sea levels; and this new community is still in an area that could be affected by this weekend’s storm.

The Associated Press contributed to this article

UN launches world’s largest glacier mapping project in flood-hit Pakistan


NEW YORK – The United Nations has launched a plan to map glaciers in northern Pakistan after the country was badly hit by flooding due to climate change.

The mapping will help quantify melting ice and set up an alarm system that will help Pakistan cope with the risks posed by the worsening climate situation.

Since June 2022, Pakistan has been experiencing abnormal monsoon weather resulting in a severe humanitarian and development crisis.

According to government estimates, around 33 million people across the country have been affected by heavy rains and relentless flooding – the worst in decades.

To date, more than 1,500 people have been killed and nearly 6,000 injured.

Resident representative of the United Nations Development Program in Pakistan, Knut Ostby, told international media that the mapping of 5,000 glaciers will be completed in 18 months, adding that the South Asian country contains most of the glacial ice. in the world outside the polar regions.

He pointed out that early mapping was needed as lakes have emerged in the mountains due to melting glaciers, which pose serious flooding threats to low-lying areas.

Ostby said the project will lead to the development of sustainable strategies to avert the devastation, which Pakistan faces as recent floods have exposed the power of climate change to the world.

Earlier this year, UNDP installed alarm systems in 24 flooded valleys in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan. He said similar systems should be set up in 110 valleys in the northern regions.

Knut Ostby said the UN has appealed to raise $160 million for flood victims in Pakistan.

A mysterious island revealed to be an iceberg in disguise


At a time when everything not covered by water seems to have been mapped and studied both by humanity and by orbiting satellites, crossing an uncharted Arctic island is not something that you are waiting. In 2021, however, to the surprise of an Arctic research team from the University of Copenhagen, the unexpected suddenly welcomed them off the coast of Greenland.

Measuring just 100 by 200 feet and rising about nine feet above sea level, the alleged island was covered in mud, silt and gravel. It was initially believed to be Oodaaq, a gravel bar island discovered in 1978.

“But when I posted photos of the island and its coordinates on social media,” expedition leader Morten Rasch, of the Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, said in a statement. university, “a number of American island hunters went crazy and said it couldn’t be true.”

It turned out that Oodaaq was actually some 2,500 feet to the southeast. Instead, the team suddenly believed they had discovered a new landmass exposed by the shifting pack ice. They proposed to call it “Qeqertaq Avannarleq”, which is Greenlandic for “northernmost island”.

“It’s a bit like the explorers of the past, who thought they had landed in a certain place but in fact found a totally different place,” said Christiane Leister, a Swiss entrepreneur and creator of the Leister Foundation which funded the project. dispatch, to the UK Guardian.

An icy twist

While the discovery of a potential new “northernmost island” record holder was celebrated after the 2021 expedition, a follow-up visit in the summer of 2022 came to a far different conclusion. After taking detailed measurements and laser scans, the expedition determined that the island was actually a large stranded iceberg covered in a layer of mud, pebbles and soil.

“Many of these ‘northernmost islands’ were discovered through the ages and then disappeared again,” said René Forsberg, expedition member and professor of geodesy and Earth observation at the University. technique from Denmark, in a press release. “Our new studies unequivocally show that all of these reported ‘islands’ are flat icebergs. This applies to both the recently discovered ‘Qeqertaq Avannarleq’ and the first ‘Oodaaq Ø’ discovered in 1978. meters. [66 to 98 feet] thick, with a thin surface layer of earth and pebbles.”

For now, Kaffeklubben Island (known more charmingly as Coffee Cup Island) remains the undisputed northernmost point of land on Earth.

The current hypothesis for small gravel bar islands like Oodaaq is that they are deposits left by glaciers (known as moraine deposits) that were pushed to the surface by sea ice. Expedition leaders believe these small phantom islands, which can be easily submerged after storms or covered in ice, were likely created by “floating glacier tongues” about 25 to 30 miles west of Cape Morris Jesup, at the northern end of Greenland.

The stranded iceberg islands, however, with their thick layers of mud and pebbles, are still a bit of a mystery. “They can be classified as semi-stationary islands of ice, which may well have a lifespan of up to several years,” Forsberg added.

One of the benefits of knowing a bit more about this freezing phenomenon is, according to the expedition, better maps.

“The fact that these are icebergs and not small islands will solve some of the mess that small islands have caused with regard to the cartography of Greenland, and also geopolitics, i.e. the actual size of the kingdom’s territory,” Morten Rasch said. “Now you can draw a map and be sure it will last for many years.”

Can the laws protect you from excessive interest rates on loans?


usury laws

Usury laws protect borrowers in many states and some borrowers nationwide from excessively high fees interest rate. However, state standards for excessive interest vary widely, and federal banking laws allow credit card transmitters, among others, basically charge what the traffic will bear. Additionally, usury laws do not apply to many loans, allowing certain types of lenders in some states to charge annual percentage rates in excess of 500%. Meanwhile, efforts to enact a national usury law have failed, but many states are capping certain loan rates at 36%.

Discuss your borrowing plans with a Financial Advisor can help you avoid being stuck with a high interest loan.

Basics of wear

Protecting borrowers from excessively high interest rates has been a concern of many human cultures dating far back in history. In some places and at some times, receiving even the slightest interest for lending money is considered usury. More commonly, however, usury laws set a maximum interest rate that can be charged on loans.

In the United States, the federal government has largely left usury laws to the states. All but a few states have some sort of upper limit that lenders can charge for loans. Often the highest statutory rate is a simple interest rate, but sometimes it is an annual percentage rate that includes the cost of fees as well as interest. Loan sharking can allow loans to be forgiven beyond the legal limit, and lenders who cross the line can also face fees and jail time.

State wear limits vary widely. The Responsible Lending Centeran advocacy organization, says effective usury rules on loans of $300 or less exist in 19 states: Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire , New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont and West Virginia.

Many of these states have capped interest at 36% and offer other protections. Some of the others offer limited protections such as maintaining effective rates at or below 200% per annum. Those with little or no borrower protection include Nevada and Texas, where the Center for Responsible Lending says annual percentage rates (APR) can exceed 600%.

State laws change frequently and the general trend lately has been towards stricter usury bans. Rhode Island, for example, adopted a cap of 36% in 2022.

Limits of usury law

usury laws

usury laws

Usury laws are complex and have many loopholes. Usury laws generally affect only certain types of loans, usually small, short-term loans. payday loans, leaving the rates for other loans unchanged. In California, for example, a 36% cap only applies to loans between $2,500 and $9,999, allowing payday lenders to charge more.

Credit cards are one of the most notable exemptions. Indeed, a 1978 court ruling allowed card issuers to charge each cardholder the highest rate allowed in the state where the issuer was based. This included borrowers in states where usury laws set lower standards. After that decision, South Dakota and Delaware removed interest rate caps, prompting many large card issuers to move their headquarters to those states.

State usury laws also do not apply to federally regulated banks, credit unions, finance companies, and pawnbrokers. And the only national federal usury law only covers loans to military service members. The National Administration of Credit Unions currently prohibits its members from charging more than 18% interest on most loans, but they can still charge higher payday loan rates.

With all the exemptions, usury laws do not apply to most loans from most lenders for most borrowers. They do, however, apply to interest-bearing loans between family and friends. Unless you are a licensed lender such as a bank or pawnbroker, check your state’s usury laws before lending money to a family member or friend at a rate above 10%, which is the point where some state usury laws might come into play.

The future of usury laws

Legislative efforts in recent years to expand attrition protections for military service members have stalled in Congress. Payday lenders have argued that APR-based usury limits should not apply to the very short-term loans they issue, which often derive most of their revenue from fees rather than interest. simple.

After the failure of the federal usury initiative, many states began instituting 36% caps on payday loans. This group included former no-wear states such as South Dakota and Delaware. Today, the trend is for states to adopt caps of 36%. However, these still only concern a limited number of transactions, mainly small loans of a few hundred dollars.

The essential

usury laws

usury laws

State usury laws protect certain lenders on certain loans from excessive interest rates. However, many loans and lenders are not covered by rate caps, allowing effective payday loan rates to exceed 500% in some states. Proponents of a national usury limit failed. But many states are moving to limit payday lenders to a maximum annual percentage rate of 36%, including fees.

Banking advice

  • A financial advisor will help you with all your banking needs. Finding a qualified financial advisor doesn’t have to be difficult. Smart Assets free tool connects you with up to three financial advisors who serve your area, and you can interview your advisors at no cost to decide which one is best for you. If you’re ready to find an advisor who can help you achieve your financial goals, start now.

  • You can find out how much interest you’ll pay for a personal loan using SmartAsset’s free online service interest rate calculator.

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Remembering the ‘ice widows’ of a doomed Antarctic expedition


In October 1907, sculptor Kathleen Bruce was enjoying tea time at a friend’s house. Many fabulous bohemian types were present – actors, artists, writers. But one person stood out from Bruce, Antarctica explorer Robert Falcon Scott. “He was not very young, maybe forty, nor very handsome, but he looked very healthy and alert, and I shone rather dumbly and suddenly when I clearly saw him asking for his neighbor who I was,” she later wrote in her diary. . In the year they got married. Four months later, Bruce was pregnant. And three years later her husband was dead. After reaching the South Pole on his second Antarctic expedition, only to find that a Swedish team had beaten them there, Scott, Edward Wilson, Edgar Evans, Lawrence Oates and Henry Bowers all perished in their attempt to return to Earth. base camp.

The tragic story of the Terra Nova Expedition has always centered on the five men who walked into the icy expanse in November 1910, but never came out. The widows they left behind have long been relegated to the role of secondary characters. In his new book Ice Widows: The Women Left Behind by Scott’s Antarctic Expeditionauthor Anne Fletcher centers this story around the wives of three of the explorers: Kathleen Scott, Oriana Wilson and Lois Evans.

Dark Atlas spoke with Fletcher about what their stories reveal, an intrusive press, and why she likes Robert Falcon Scott more because of Kathleen.

Within hours of news of the Terra Nova Expedition’s tragic end, reporters showed up at the doorstep of Lois Evans and her three children, Norman, Muriel and Ralph (left to right). John Evans

Why did you want to tell the stories of these three women?

I was taught history in school in the 70s and I read history in college in the 80s, and I don’t think that other than Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria, we have ever spoken of a single woman. I started thinking about the “Big Man” version of the story and I started thinking, surely, there had to be women in those stories. And I landed on Scott. Of the five men who went to the South Pole, including Scott, three were married. It was therefore these three women that I wanted to know. What happened to them when the guys didn’t come back?

How were their lives?

Oriana Wilson has had a fairly sheltered life. She is a middle-class English girl who helped her father run a school. She marries this man, Ted Wilson, anticipating that she will settle down as a doctor’s wife. Just before they get married, he receives the offer to participate in Scott’s first expedition to Antarctica, the Discovery expedition. So, a few weeks after their marriage, he left for two and a half years. She follows his mission and finds him at the end of this expedition in New Zealand. She then supports him in writing all of his discoveries. She’s never happier than sitting by his side, helping him take his notes, cooking for him.

Kathleen Scott is the polar opposite – a very similar upbringing to Oriana’s, but very different personalities. She became a great sculptor and trained in Paris with Auguste Rodin. She has friendships with great artists, great writers, and she is part of this very literary world in London when she meets Scott. She’s not really interested in marriage because she doesn’t want to be tied down, but they make a really good partnership. They both want to support each other. He didn’t want to prevent him from being a sculptor and from traveling. And she didn’t want to stop him from going back to Antarctica. They have a child almost immediately, Peter Scott. She threw herself into the preparations for the Terra Nova expedition. She accompanies him on fundraising expeditions. She is therefore a much more modern woman than Oriana.

Lois Evans grew up in Swansea, Wales, then as a teenager moved to a very remote part of the Gower Peninsula and married her cousin, Edgar Evans. Edgar joined the Navy at 15, so he’s a good sailor. He had been on the first expedition with Scott. When he returns, he becomes engaged to Lois, and she would have expected to be a sailor’s wife. They have three children fairly quickly. But, at that time, he had an affair with a woman who carried twins who were hers. But Lois and Edgar reconcile and when she speaks of him later, it’s in very loving terms.

Of the crew of 65, only five men from the expedition reached the South Pole (left to right): Lawrence Oates, Henry Bowers, Robert Falcon Scott, Ted Wilson and Edgar Evans.
Of the crew of 65, only five men from the expedition reached the South Pole (left to right): Lawrence Oates, Henry Bowers, Robert Falcon Scott, Ted Wilson and Edgar Evans. Public domain

What happens when they hear the news of their husband’s death?

In fact, the husbands had been dead for a year by the time the news broke. Authorities were very keen for the family to find out first, but it all went wrong for a variety of reasons. Oriana was already in New Zealand; she had traveled there to meet Ted. As the train pulled into Christchurch station, she sensed something was different. She learned of her husband’s death from a newsagent.

Kathleen was also on her way to meet Scott and was on a ship when the news broke. So the captain of the ship had to go tell him that Scott was dead. But she didn’t know any of the circumstances, and she had the rest of the trip waiting with all the terrible thoughts of what had happened.

During this time, Lois had, I think, the worst experience. Officials had sent a telegram to tell him what had happened, but by the time he arrived the news had hit the newspapers. She was the only widow left in the country. So reporters tracked her down and showed up on her doorstep, so she had to process the news of Edgar’s death at the same time she was being interviewed by The Daily Telegraph and various other newspapers. So you get these three women and their children caught up in this story that’s sweeping the globe.

After circling each other for two years, Doctor Ted Wilson finally asked Oriana Souper to marry him on October 19, 1899.
After circling each other for two years, Doctor Ted Wilson finally asked Oriana Souper to marry him on October 19, 1899. The Wilson family collection at Cheltenham Borough Council and the Cheltenham Trust

How do their lives change as a result of public scrutiny?

For Lois, it’s a brief focus on her in the press, and then her life normalizes. For Oriana, because she cares about carrying on Ted’s legacy and wants her paintings to be appreciated, there are times when she is in the spotlight again. But I think Kathleen is the most interesting here because she’s becoming a celebrity in her own right. There are real parallels between her and Jacqueline Kennedy. She is the hero’s wife. There’s this feeling that if you’re the widow of a national hero, you should kind of stand up and be that grieving figure.

What does all this add to the story?

My approach was to take a big event that we always thought was all about men and see how that changes if you put the women back into it. And I think that changes by becoming less glorious. The Terra Nova Expedition is presented to us as this kind of wondrous sacrifice. This is not the case for their wives and children. If you put the relationships between men back in history, they become more human.

Kathleen Scott sculpted this bronze statue, on Waterloo Place in London, to commemorate her
Kathleen Scott sculpted this bronze statue, on Waterloo Place in London, to commemorate her “Con”, husband Robert Falcon Scott. Islandhaddow/ CC BY-SA 3.0

Do you see husbands differently now?

Well, I like more and I like less. I like Robert Falcon Scott much more than I do – the fact that he looked up to a woman like Kathleen. He has this reputation of being quite taciturn and a bit boring and strict, but his letters are incredibly poetic and adorable. Ted Wilson, I like a little less. I find him much more selfish in his relationship. So, of course, with Edgar, there’s the case. It’s always interesting, isn’t it, to discover betrayals and forgiveness? They become much more real.

Arctic Glacier publishes default status report in accordance with National Policy 12-203


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WINNIPEG, Manitoba, Sept. 15, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Arctic Glacier Income Fund (CSE: AG.UN) (the “Fund”) provides a status report by default in accordance with the Alternative Disclosure Guidelines set out in National Policy 12-203 Cease Trade Orders for Continuing Disclosure Failures (“National Policy 12-203”).

On August 15, 2012, the Fund announced (the “Default Announcement”) that it would not be able to file an interim financial report and an interim management report for the period ended June 30, 2012, as well as the related certificate of filings. under National Instrument 52-109 Declaration of disclosure in the annual and interim documents of issuers (collectively, the “Continuous Disclosure Documents”) no later than August 29, 2012, the deadline prescribed by securities legislation (the “Specified Requirement”).

Except as set forth below, no material changes have been made to the information contained in the Default Notice or any other changes required to be disclosed under National Policy 12-203.

On March 14, 2022, the Fund’s court-appointed Monitor notified the Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench that Alberta Finance had issued the final required clearance certificate, namely the AGI Clearance Certificate. CCAA Inc. It is the current intention of the Trustees of the Fund to seek to liquidate and dissolve the Fund upon the satisfaction of certain conditions, including, but not limited to, the final distribution of cash from the Fund and the termination of his Companies Creditors Arrangement Act (“CCAA”). There can be no guarantee that these remaining conditions will be met. The Fund will only file continuous disclosure documents if required to do so by the Manitoba Court of Queen’s Bench as part of the Fund’s CCAA proceedings. However, the Fund intends to continue to file default status reports every two weeks containing the other information required by National Policy 12-203.

Further information about the Fund’s proceedings under the CCAA and the Plan of Compromise and Arrangement is available on the website of its court-appointed monitor at http://www.alvarezandmarsal.com/arctic-glacier-income-fund-arctic-glacier-inc-and-subsidiaries.

Forward-looking statements

Certain statements included herein constitute “forward-looking statements”. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this release that address future activities, events, developments or financial performance are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as “may”, “should”, “will”, “could”, “expect”, “intend”, “plan”, “estimate”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “future” or “continue” or the negative thereof or similar variations. In particular, statements of the Fund’s intention to comply with the provisions of the Alternative Disclosure Guidelines and to file information with applicable securities authorities, as well as statements of the Fund’s trustees’ intention to dissolve the bottom. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analyzes made by the Fund and its management, in light of their experiences and their perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that they deem appropriate in the conditions. Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which are not guarantees of performance and are subject to a number of uncertainties, assumptions and other factors, many of which are beyond the Fund’s control. , which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements include, among others, the CCAA process and the Fund’s ability to obtain sufficient resources to prepare the filings. continuous disclosure and its ability to obtain authorization certificates from Canadian regulatory authorities and satisfy the conditions for the termination of the Fund. Readers are cautioned that the foregoing list is not exhaustive. These forward-looking statements should therefore be interpreted in light of these factors. Should any of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should factors and assumptions underlying the forward-looking information prove incorrect, actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking information contained. herein. All forward-looking statements attributable to the Fund, or persons acting on its behalf, are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements set forth above. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements contained herein, which reflect the Fund’s management’s analysis, if any, only as of the date of this release. For further information regarding these and other risks, readers should consult the Fund’s reports filed with the applicable securities authorities available online by going to SEDAR at www.sedar.com either by going to the site of its judicial controller at the address http://www.alvarezandmarsal.com/arctic-glacier-income-fund-arctic-glacier-inc-and-subsidiaries. The Fund is under no obligation, and the Fund expressly disclaims any intention or obligation, to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. applicable so requires.

About the Fund

The trust units of Arctic Glacier Income Fund are listed on the Canadian Securities Exchange under the symbol AG.UN. There are 350.3 million trust units outstanding.


Hugh Adams Direct: 204-925-5391[email protected]

Adam Rock, PartnerLindsey MacCarthy LLPDirect: 403-536-0025[email protected]

Source: Arctic Glacier Income Fund

Scientists Unveil Bizarre Plan To Refreeze North Pole With 125 Jets


Scientists have come up with a strange new plan – and it involves refreezing the North and South Poles and lowering the global thermostat with 125 jets.

The high-flying jets could spray microscopic aerosol particles into the atmosphere to help reflect sunlight and cool melting ice caps.

Around 175,000 flights a year would be needed to achieve this, releasing millions of tons of carbon dioxide.

However, a former British chief scientist backed the plans and said Sky News that polar warming is essential and that ice refreezing could slow global sea level rise.

Wake Smith led this new study at Yale University in the United States.

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He said the plan would address an acute symptom of climate change but not the ultimate cause.

“It’s aspirin, not penicillin. It’s not a substitute for decarbonization,” he said.

In this plan, 125 military air-to-air tankers would release a cloud of microscopic sulfur dioxide particles at an altitude of 43,000 feet (13 km) at 60 degrees in both hemispheres.

The particles will then slowly drift poleward on high-altitude winds, which would slightly shadow the Earth’s surface below.

The plan is controversial due to the large number of flights which accounts for around two days of global air traffic in 2021.

This would release greenhouse gases into the upper atmosphere, causing more damage.

Furthermore, the £10 billion per year cost of the initiative would be much lower than carbon capture or other means of adapting to change, the researchers add.

“Any intentional change to the global thermostat would be of common interest to all of humanity,” Smith said.

Both poles are warming considerably several times faster than the global average.

And earlier this year, record heat waves were reported in the Arctic and Antarctica.

The Center for Climate Repair (CCR) is working on a strategy in its labs to help clear up clouds over the Arctic Ocean.

Additionally, a fleet of ships pumps seawater into the atmosphere. Clouds would reflect sunlight back into space, causing ice cooling.

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Book review of The Divider: Trump in the White House, 2017-2021 by Peter Baker and Susan Glasser


No president has ever been as obsessed with the media as Donald Trump. His main slur on Twitter was “fake news,” which he never tired of directing at the “failing New York Times.” He was so consumed by his hatred of the Washington Post and its owner, Jeff Bezos, that he sought to deny Amazon federal contracts and access to the US Postal Service. Trump tried for months to kill off a merger that involved another hated media company, CNN, and even encouraged Rupert Murdoch to buy CNN’s parent company (at the sellout price his efforts produced).

The obsession was mutual – and highly profitable, for the targets of Trump’s anger and admiration. Trump hurled invective at the mainstream media, but readers, subscribers, viewers and advertisers all threw dollars at them. Digital subscriptions to The Times and Post skyrocketed during Trump’s presidency. The combined viewership of CNN, MSNBC and Fox more than doubled between 2015 and 2020. The biggest beneficiary, of course, has been Murdoch’s conservative media empire. As right-wing media bottom eaters feasted on the trash, Fox News has become the closest thing to state television the United States has ever had. In a single year, Trump tweeted stories about his shows 657 times.

This last pearl comes from “The Divider: Trump in the White House, 2017-2021” by Peter Baker and Susan Glasser (he from the Times, she from the New Yorker). Given Trump’s decision to stuff his post-presidential residency with classified documents, not to mention the potential for a 2024 race, the book is extremely timed. A well-paced and engagingly written narrative, “The Divider” shows the best of big-resource journalism in the Trump era. Yet it also highlights some of the industry shortcomings that Trump has repeatedly exploited.

A New Trump Book Is Only Worth Reading If its argumentation or its revelations are innovative. The thesis of Baker and Glasser’s book is not original, if correct: Trump posed a unique threat to American democracy. The threat was mitigated by his incompetence, the incompetence of many on whom he relied, and the resistance of many others – some principled, some partisan, some selfish. But the threat was amplified by the GOP’s undemocratic swing that he exploited, the creak of the constitutional order that he challenged and his growing mastery of loyalty-testing politics at which he excelled.

Trump’s assault on American democracy has also been aided, let’s be honest, by the American media — and not just by the right-wing sources that have glorified his presidency and radicalized his voters. Trump would not have entered the White House at all were it not for the mainstream media routines that have made classified messages on Hillary Clinton’s private email server the campaign’s biggest character issue. (The irony is too thick to cut.)

Even after Trump took office, journalists struggled to contain their old instincts: to broadcast every tweet, to focus on political polemics rather than political substance, to give “both sides” an equal voice. It is only with time and a better understanding of Trump’s intentions that we have seen deeper investigations into his finances, policies and manipulations, and how they were encouraged by his growing party. more sectarian. Baker and Glasser compare Trump to the velociraptors of “Jurassic Park” who are gradually discovering how to corner their new human prey (the prey in this case being American democracy). The metaphor also applies to journalists. Under an unprecedented attack, those covering for Trump had to learn by hunting.

The Divider” is, in many ways, a marker of the adaptation of journalism. It displays some of the old instincts: Despite its more than 650 pages of text, it has little to say about the policies pursued by Trump and his fellow Republicans, or the political organizations that supported or fought his party or lobbied Washington during his presidency. (the National Rifle Association, for example, is not mentioned once). Many anecdotes and stories seem to be there only because Baker and Glasser know about them. Yet the book is the most comprehensive and detailed account of the Trump presidency ever published, and it would not have been possible, as Baker and Glasser write in their acknowledgments, without the diligence and courage of their colleagues. of the press “who have worked to cover the Trump administration while being denigrated as ‘enemies of the people’.

To this rich factual background, Baker and Glasser add fresh and often alarming stories, based in part on the more than 300 interviews they conducted. If their argument treads on familiar ground from the Trump book, “The Divider” delivers plenty of new revelations. The biggest scoop provides startling new details about Trump’s increasingly dictatorial behavior. In a chapter titled “My Generals,” Baker and Glasser describe how Trump was so frustrated with his military commanders for refusing his various strong arm orders that he asked the Chief of Staff (and retired general) John Kelly why his generals couldn’t be more like Adolf Hitler in WWII. When Kelly retorted that those generals had tried to kill Hitler, Trump replied, “No, no, no, they were totally loyal to him” — as if that was the lesson of the Nazi regime.

As explosive as this new quote is, we’ve long known what Trump thinks of Hitler’s power. Yet Baker and Glasser uncover many more episodes that make it clear – long before January 6, 2021 – how outrageously he was willing to go to stay in power. The authors reveal a series of exchanges between Trump and Attorney General William Barr that suggest the president was genuinely serious about his tweet threats to lock up campaign rival Joe Biden. “It pissed me off,” Barr told the authors, which is a bit like getting mad at your juvenile delinquent. child when he deactivates the brakes of his teacher’s car.

Another telling story concerns Trump’s strenuous attempts to get the Food and Drug Administration to approve a coronavirus vaccine before Election Day. The scale of the “bombardment” was unprecedented – repeated meetings and phone calls from the president and his underlings, who accused the independent agency of “sabotaging the electoral effort”. Trump failed, of course, but not without damaging public confidence in the vaccine. If he hadn’t, he could still be president.

The fact that Trump ultimately lost makes it possible to look back with confidence that everything went as it should. But, as Baker and Glasser say, echoing a quote on Waterloo used by Kelly, “it was a short-term thing.”

Reading this line, one can’t help but wonder if it would have been any less tight if Baker and Glasser had shared all the disturbing facts they knew before the 2020 election. When a New Yorker article based on ” My Generals” aired in mid-August, with some criticizing the writers for keeping some of the more explosive revelations under wraps to make “The Divider” more newsworthy and potentially lucrative.

It is difficult to assess this accusation, as Baker and Glasser rarely cite their own interviews and never say when any of them were made. So it’s unclear what information they might have made public before November 2020. But the concern is certainly valid. Journalism is a business, and journalists have to make a living. But they also have a responsibility to inform citizens before they enter the voting booth, and it is deeply troubling when they appear to be Withhold relevant information for business reasons.

Good journalism is essential in a democracy, and it needs to be defended more than ever. “The Divider,” with its devastating portrayal of a demagogue who still dominates his party, shows why. It also suggests that journalism needs to have a serious conversation about its role and responsibilities in today’s tense politics. In this moment when everyone is on deck, we need journalists focused on the horizon and shouting quickly and clearly about the icebergs ahead.

Jacob S. Hacker is a professor of political science at Yale University and co-author (with Paul Pierson) of “Let Them Eat Tweets: How Good Rules in a Time of Extreme Inequality.”

Trump in the White House, 2017-2021

By Peter Baker and Susan Glasser

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7 Incredible Winter Activities in Fairbanks


When I was invited to a Society of American Travel Writers meeting in Fairbanks in February 2022, I was excited but thought how cold and dreary Alaska could be in the winter and wondered why they had chosen February of all months.

Although I grew up in cold Cleveland, I now live in California and didn’t even know if I would have the right clothes, boots and base layers to take a trip to Alaska, but I signed up to go in Fairbanks and started the preparations. . Digging up jackets, sweaters, woolen socks and boots and packing a huge bag, I really didn’t do much research on what awaited us in this northernmost state.

fairbanks at night

Photo credit: David Martinez Moreno / Shutterstock.com

1. Fairbanks is a 24-hour city.

My first clue as to why Fairbanks in winter should have been the odd hours of flights arriving and departing from the lovely little airport. I left Sonoma County for Seattle, then took an Alaska Airlines flight to Fairbanks which arrived around midnight. When I left Seattle the stores were closing, but when I arrived in Fairbanks the airport was very busy. Shops and restaurants were open, taxis and shuttles were waiting, and the surreal worry I had when wondering if I could get into my hotel room quickly evaporated when I saw the shuttle for Pike’s Waterfront Lodge parked at curb.

The hotel offer is not very extensive in Fairbanks, but you will find some of the big chains like Hyatt Place, Candlewood Suites, Hampton Inn, Best Western and La Quinta. Pike’s Waterfront is a good choice for location, a hearty free breakfast and a free scoop of ice cream every night, and their Aurora viewing room and library devoted to all things “Alaska.”

Vacation rentals are readily available, whether in more populated areas or in the great outdoors. Read the fine print to avoid situations like a “honeypot” in the bathroom for your nighttime needs and an outhouse for all other bathroom activities. Yes, that was the fate of a Houston mother and daughter I met while ice fishing who endured this primitive life for four days before moving to a more civilized hotel.

Pro tip: Although it may seem counterintuitive, the ice cream is outrageously popular and the quality is higher in this freezing town, as it seems to be in all of Alaska. Just keep your eyes peeled and count the number of ice cream shops you see throughout your visit.

The Northern Lights near Fairbanks, Alaska

The Northern Lights near Fairbanks

Photo credit: Hailin Chen / Shutterstock.com

2. Winter means Northern Lights viewing is in season

The 24-hour vibe in Fairbanks is easily explained as the main attraction of this Alaskan winter destination. These are the aurora or aurora borealis, which is a must see sight for thousands of people making the trip north. The Northern Lights are a weather phenomenon and, although unpredictable, sightings are most reliable during the winter months when the days are shorter and the nights longer.

While seeing the Northern Lights isn’t a guarantee, hearty ones should succeed. Prepare to stay up all night, bundle up and hunt for the best views of the elusive aurora. If you stay up late enough, you might get lucky and see the Northern Lights without much effort. Of course, there are also several companies and apps that have been developed to help budding viewers get an edge on viewing.

Apps include My Aurora Forecast, Northern Lights Aurora Forecast, and Aurora Now. Booking a tour through an outfit like Aurora Seekers or heading to a specially designed viewing location like Aurora Pointe not only means you’ll increase your chances of seeing the elusive Northern Lights, but also that you’ll be educated about this phenomenon and the best way to hunt it.

The author ice fishing in Alaska

Ice fishing in a warm hut in the cold of Alaska!

Photo credit: Barbara Barrielle

3. Ice fishing fun without the cold

I’ve always wanted to try ice fishing (just like I want to try all types of fishing!) but I never imagined I’d be one of those hunched over a hole in the ice shivering in a hut. But, ice fishing near Fairbanks in a town called North Pole, Alaska is fun and not at all the uncomfortable experience sometimes depicted in the movies.

Rod’s Alaska Guide Service is perfectly organized for even the youngest – or in my case, inexperienced “ice fisherman” – with its sturdy cabins and warm indoor wood stoves. The rods are tiny things laced with bright pink shrimp like bait that are dropped into a pre-cut hole ready for a bite. And the fish bite. After a tasty barbecue of reindeer sausage cooked on the wood-burning stove, all the fish caught by the fishing guests are cooked with butter, garlic and pepper wrapped in foil and grilled on the same stove. Guests chat, compare the size of their respective catches, and feast on two unique Alaskan specialties.

Evening ice fishing also offers the chance to search for the Northern Lights, making this the perfect two-in-one experience for those looking to stay up late.

Reindeer in Alaska

Walking with reindeer is unique to Alaska and fascinating.

Photo credit: Barbara Barrielle

4. Walk with a herd of reindeer

Although most visitors to Fairbanks have never seen a real reindeer, Running Reindeer Ranch offers the opportunity to commune with a herd of Santa’s finest. Alaskan Jane and her family raise a herd of reindeer, the alternative to getting the horse their daughter asked for as a teenager. Reindeer are uniquely adapted to the Alaskan climate and are comfortable at age 65 below zero. They are also gentle creatures, and here they were bred almost like pets.

At the ranch, guests gather around a circle dotted with chunks of Alaskan tundra as the herd of reindeer are brought in to meet their visitors. You will now see how the “Running” part of the ranch gets its name. Initially intimidating, these gentle creatures love nothing more than to be petted, and Jane leads visitors on a tour of the ranch, explaining the uniqueness of reindeer and the Alaskan wilderness. It is fascinating to see reindeer in their native environment, munching on plants, prancing through the woods and playing their reindeer games.

Pro tip: Jane likes to extend the tour and has a lot to say, so dress warmly, wear several layers of socks and warm boots. It was the only time I was really cold in the five days I was in Fairbanks, and I totally skipped the hot chocolate and cookies at the end of the tour to warm up inside.

Editor’s Note: Our Alaskan-born editor recommends Cold & Snow Boots from The Original Muck Boot Company for your winter footwear needs!

Dogs at Chelan Hot Springs

Dog sledding is a unique and exciting activity in Chelan Hot Springs.

Photo credit: Barbara Barrielle

5. Dog sledding is an exciting cruise through the woods

There are several places around Fairbanks to visit Alaskan husky kennels where dogs are trained to pull sleds for both utility and sport. Originally a means of delivering mail and goods to remote, snowy destinations, today dogs compete with their masters in races like the famous Iditarod and remain a fascination for visitors.

Uniquely in Alaska, dog sledding and sled dogs known as Alaskan huskies, with at least part of their genetic makeup being a Siberian husky, are purpose driven. The dogs are trained to run in teams and seem to love the hunt as much as they crave the cold. If reindeer are happy at 65 degrees below, these dogs find their rhythm at about 50 degrees below zero.

Grouping up and being pulled by a team of dogs is nothing short of a thrill. You’ll be warm and comfortable as you wind through the trees and snowy landscapes, and it’s a ride you won’t want to end. I sled at the Chena Hot Springs kennel, but there are plenty of outfitters in the area, including one inside Denali National Park (north of Anchorage and south of Fairbanks).

Pro tip: While in Alaska, always be on the lookout for moose. These eerie, statuesque creatures appear when you least expect them and are always a wonder. One exception is encountering a moose while on a dog sled which, as you can imagine, throws both dogs and humans into turmoil. Good managers save the day, so there’s no need to be afraid.

Alaska Railroad train in Denali National Park

Alaska Railroad train in Denali National Park

Photo credit: BUI LE MANH HUNG / Shutterstock.com

6. The Alaska Railroad Train Passes Through Denali in a Wonderland of Scenics

If you have time and like a slow, scenic journey, hop aboard the famous Alaska Railroad and get ready to photograph (on camera) mountains, fields, rivers, and the occasional wildlife while sitting comfortably and having your trip narrated by a professional. .

Although those pesky moose have been known to close the lanes from time to time, take a chance and hop in Anchorage, take the train to Fairbanks, or just take the 4-hour dinner cruise from Denali. Spectacular scenery, a bar, and the dining car can easily keep you busy while seeing parts of Alaska not seen by mere automobiles.

Pro tip: For the best views, sit on the right side of the train as you head into Fairbanks and on the left as you return to Anchorage.

Chena Hot Springs, Alaska

Chena Hot Springs

Photo credit: Kit Leong / Shutterstock.com

7. Chena Hot Springs: A Hot Oasis in the Cold

This destination has it all. Beginning as a popular hot springs destination in the frigid wilderness outside of Fairbanks, Chena now has an Ice Museum where visitors drink martinis from ice-cold glasses, as well as snowmobiling, viewing the Northern Lights , the aforementioned dog sledding, hiking, fine dining and more.

The author drinking an ice cold martini at Chelan Hot Springs Ice Hotel

The author drinking an ice cold martini at Chelan Hot Springs Ice Hotel

Photo credit: Barbara Barrielle

Staying at Chena Hot Springs means you have a complete interior Alaska experience in a one stop shop. The visit for the day is equally refreshing and comprehensive if you plan your activities to explore the area and then return to the lodge and hot springs before cocktails and dinner at their lovely restaurant. It’s a real immersion in Alaska that you won’t regret. Throwing your frozen cocktail glass in the snow is worth it!

Planning your trip to the final frontier? For more Alaskan inspiration, consider

The melting of Swiss glaciers reveals an ancient hiking trail unseen for more than 2,000 years


Following the the hottest summer ever recorded in Europea path usually covered in ice and snow has been discovered for the first time in at least 2,000 years.

The Glacier 3000 ski resort, in the Les Diablerets region of French-speaking Switzerland says this year’s ice melt was about three times the 10-year average.

“Ten years ago, I measured about 15 meters of ice. More than 15 meters of ice and snow have therefore melted,” explains Mauro Fischer, glaciologist at the Institute of Geography at the University of Bern.

Bare rock is now visible between the Scex Rouge and the Zanfleuron glaciers at 2,800 meters altitude, and the pass should be completely clear by the end of this month.

Why is the ice melting so dramatically in the Alps?

Since last winter, with relatively little snow, the Alps have swallowed two large summer heat waves. Not only has a hot, dry summer melted the snow and ice, but the lack of rain means there is very little to replenish it.

“What we’ve seen this year and this summer is just amazing and it’s really beyond anything we’ve measured so far,” Fischer adds, referring to the speed at which the ice has melted. .

The glaciers of the Alps are now on the right track for their biggest mass losses in at least 60 years of record keeping, the data shows.

Watch the video above to learn more about these receding glaciers.

BBB warns against predatory payday loan companies


WICHITA FALLS, Texas (KAUZ) — The Better Business Bureau warns of predatory payday loan companies and fraudsters who thrive among unequal laws and stolen data.

Amid inflation, the COVID-19 pandemic and job losses, many consumers have turned to payday loans for short-term solutions, according to the BBB. This would have allowed predatory lenders to thrive; many borrowers are still struggling with exorbitant interest rates and opaque fees. It has also created a fertile environment for scammers.

The BBB has published the following highlights and observations from a study:

  • From 2019 to July 2022, the BBB received nearly 3,000 customer complaints about payday loan companies, with a disputed dollar amount of nearly $3 million.
  • The payday loan market is a mix of genuine payday loan companies and scammers – these scammers pose as payday loan lenders or collectors; online payday loan makes it harder to tell the difference
  • Although legal, some real payday loan companies may use deceptive practices with triple-digit interest rates and opaque loan fees.
  • Whether real or fake, the payday loan solution can leave consumers even more in debt, with some facing bankruptcy, eviction and despair.

BBB officials advise consumers to research all their borrowing options thoroughly before signing anything for a short-term loan. They also recommend reviewing the terms and conditions of a payday loan.

Find more information on the BBB, Click here.

Five therapeutic hot springs from around the world


Considered one of the many wonders of nature, geothermal hot springs around the world are among the best places to relax. Many of them are believed to have therapeutic effects as well. Here is our pick of the top five hot springs in the world that you must visit.

Pamukkale, Turkey

The name “Pamukkale” means “cotton castle” in Turkish. The 17-tier pool is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with a water temperature of 94 degrees Fahrenheit. Contained in milky-white limestone formations, the waters of the hot spring tower over the southwestern city of Denizli, about a six-hour drive from Istanbul.

Kerosene Creek, New Zealand

Located in Rotorua, Kerosene Creek is warmed to around 85 degrees Fahrenheit by a natural underground spring. You will have a fantastic view of the lush jungle and a waterfall that gently cascades into the creek. Although it’s free to swim in the creek, you need to know how to get there – which the New Zealand Tourist Board can help with.

Kraus Hot Springs, Canada

Kraus Hot Springs, Canada

Reaching this secluded hot spring in Canada’s Northwest Territories involves driving to a geothermal pool and then paddling 20 miles. Accessible via the Nahanni River, this secret oasis offers views of dramatic canyons and thundering waterfalls. Licensed raft and canoe guides allow visitors to safely explore this hot spring, which is a perfect place to stop, soak and relax.

Uunartoq, Greenland

Uunartoq, Greenland

Although many hot springs are found across Greenland, the ones you can soak your feet in are on Uunartoq, an uninhabited island off the territory’s southern coast. A true example of arctic beauty, the island is surrounded by mountain peaks and drifting icebergs. The temperature of the hot springs here remains at 100 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the year. If you ever plan to bathe in the hot springs of Uunartoq, a private boat tour is the best way to go about it.

Khir Ganga, India

The four-hour trek to reach these hot springs begins at the village of Barsheni in the Parvati Valley in Himachal Pradesh. A grassland where Lord Shiva is said to have meditated for 3,000 years, Khir Ganga is a relaxing stop you might crave after a tiring hike. While bathing in the hot springs, you will have an amazing view of the mighty Himalayas. There is also a nearby temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.

Rocky trail revealed between Swiss glaciers in extreme melting season


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ZANFLEURON PATH, Switzerland, Sept 11 (Reuters) – A rocky alpine trail between two glaciers in Switzerland is emerging for what the local ski resort says is the first time in at least 2,000 years following the hottest European summer on record.

The Glacier 3000 ski resort in western Switzerland said this year’s ice melt was around three times the 10-year average, meaning bare rock can now be seen between the Scex Rouge and the Zanfleuron glaciers at an altitude of 2,800 meters and the pass will be completely exposed by the end of this month.

“About 10 years ago I measured 15 meters (50 feet) of ice here, so all that ice has melted in the meantime,” said Mauro Fischer, a glaciologist at the Institute of Geography at the University of Bern.

“What we’ve seen this year and this summer is just amazing and it’s really beyond anything we’ve ever measured so far,” he added, referring to the speed at which the ice has melted.

Since last winter, which brought relatively little snow, the Alps have gone through two major heat waves at the start of summer. Glaciers in the Alps are now on track for their biggest mass losses in at least 60 years of record, the data shows. Read more

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Report by Denis Balibouse; Written by Emma Farge and Francois Murphy; Editing by Raissa Kasolowsky

Our standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

Why an Alaska Fall Cruise Was One of My Favorite Travel Experiences


Alaska is often a place on a must-see list, but out of reach due to financial reasons and time constraints for many people. My husband and I were no exception. However, a few years before we were ready to retire, our investments did extremely well. It was an easy decision to turn our Christmas present into a trip to Alaska.

We love to travel in September, mainly because school has started to reduce crowds in our country’s favorite hotspots. A side benefit of fewer people is increased competition between places where tourism is their primary source of income, so prices are more in line with our budget.

The big downside is the colder weather during the fall months and we were going north! However, living in South Dakota at the time, we both had plenty of winter gear. Again, no problem.

Then we were faced with the choice of whether to fly or cruise and scoured travel guides for months, finally choosing a Princess Cruise Inside Passage trip that snaked between islands along the coasts of Alaska and Canada.

The real hook that caught our eye was the photos of blazing fall colors across Canada’s Yukon Territory. On the advice of a friend, we booked the day trip from the ship at the same time we booked the cruise.

Pro tip: Buying tickets for off-ship excursions online from the cruise line is simple and smart. Tours can also be more expensive when booked after boarding the ship.

Pouring rain and fog greeted us in Seattle and we began to wonder if traveling so late in the year had been a mistake. But, within days, two cruise excursions changed everything, and the trip is still one of my all-time favorite vacations.

The Mendenhall Glacier in the distance

Photo credit: Ann Bush

The inner passage

The Inside Passage stretches hundreds of miles from Puget Sound, Washington, across the coast of British Columbia and into the Gulf of Alaska. There are over 1,000 islands and an endless coastline of beaches, coves and bays.

Our first days at sea were not pleasant. Fog rolled in, followed by rain falling from a gray sky. However, we didn’t want to miss anything about Alaska and spent most of the time in our warm and cozy room staring out the window. Thank goodness we had a balcony and after putting on every winter outfit we sat comfortably outside with binoculars.

Pro tip: Check the cruise itinerary map to book a room on the side of the ship that faces the shore.

Passage of the Tracy Arm Fjords

Passage of the Tracy Arm Fjords

Photo credit: Ann Bush

Gliding leisurely along the mountains sculpted by Mother Nature while cruising through Tracy Arm Fjord was inspiring. Yes, it was cold, the sky was stone gray and the mountains blurred with a mist above the water – but watching icebergs floating alongside the ship with the Mendenhall Glacier in the distance was very cool, no pun intended.

When rain or fog prevented a view from the front balcony seat, we headed to the center of the cruise which offered a very electric casino, a quiet library and an inspiring shopping mall. The live shows were excellent and of course the food was delicious no matter where and what we ate.

Pro tip: Carry dry bags used by kayakers for technical equipment to enjoy the outdoors even if it rains. Cameras can be hidden under rain ponchos more easily than a rain jacket. I use one that folds into a small bag that fits in my pocket.

The author with a crab in Alaska

Ann bonds with her crab before gently putting it back into the sea

Photo credit: Ralph Bush

Crabbing around Ketchikan

The sun came out when we reached Ketchikan, and the walk around the town proved pleasant and very interesting, especially the Native American museums and the colorful totems. We soon learned of another big bonus of being on the last cruise of the season when we walked into a few stores. Everything is on sale, most items are over 50% off, including silver and gold jewelry and artwork. Christmas was fast approaching.

Later, we boarded a smaller boat to go crabbing. This tour is only available in the fall and early winter, as crabbing season in this part of Alaska has been limited to the sustainable management and preservation of wild crab stocks. Our visit was to catch Dungeness crabs, recommended by Seafood Watch as a good alternative to ‘overfished fish’.

As soon as we boarded they gave us shiny yellow rain suits and my heart sank thinking it was going to rain. Bad. As the boat entered the open sea, dodging waves rolling over the bow was our fun new challenge to stay dry.

The young man leading our group did his best to shout above the boat engine and the roaring sea waves. We rode with him laughing as us crabbing newbies clung to each other. We learned how the crabs are located, the awesome design of the cage, how to throw them into the sea and what to do when they are full of crabs. It was so much fun.

Pro tip: Our group was small and everyone had hands-on experiences. There are bigger boat tours made famous by a reality TV series on the Discovery Channel. The experience may not be as exciting, but might be better for those who are prone to seasickness.

White Pass and Yukon Railway

A ride on the White Pass and Yukon Railway is scenic and fun.

Photo credit: Ann Bush

Dig for gold on a train

The excursion from the port of Skagway began with a bus ride on the Klondike Highway to the Canadian border. There we boarded the historic White Pass and Yukon train through the famous Yukon Territory and the White Pass summit.

The train was a commodity of necessity during the Klondike Gold Rush in 1896 when George Carmack and two First Nations companions, Skookum Jim (Hanson) and Dawson Charlie, discovered a few flakes of gold in the Klondike region in Canada. These few splinters created a stampede called the Klondike Gold Rush.

A few years earlier, a team of Canadian surveyors had predicted the gold rush and were already planning for the miners’ rush by designing a railroad through the mountains to the mines. The trail is still the main access route into the heart of the Yukon Territory.

The narrow three-foot track gauge allows for tighter radii in curves, allowing the train to follow the landscape and eliminating the need for tunnels. The train sometimes seemed to narrowly miss the mountain in places.

Restored as a heritage railway in 1988, cruise ship tourists became the new ticket buyers. The railroad still uses vintage saloon cars as well as newer 19th century cars with wheelchair lifts. The White Pass & Yukon Railway operates from May to September and offers a variety of routes of different length, duration and price.

We hit gold – the timing of fall foliage was perfect with rows of golden leaves at their peak waving in the breeze. Breathtaking views down steep canyons make for a spectacular ride with scenery only visible via train.

Pro tip: The best views come from a moving train and it’s best to use a camera with faster shutter speed options.

Carcross Barracks

Carcross Barracks is the best place to buy Yukon Territory gifts.

Photo credit: Ann Bush

Take a step back in time

The train’s final stop is Carcross, Canada, a unique remote village originally named “Caribou Crossing” in 1899 in reference to where huge herds of caribou have intersected for centuries. The rustic town home to 301 people of the Tagish First Nation was alive as we followed the walking tour map past elegant historic buildings, totem poles, rustic log cabins and wooden bears.

A historic landmark, the original Hotel Caribou built in 1898 sadly burned down in 1909 and was rebuilt shortly thereafter. Mrs. Bessie Gideon ran the hotel until her death in 1933, however, her ghost is said to roam the third floor. Polly, a parrot who has lived in the hotel for 54 years, entertained guests with her rendition of “Springtime in the Rockies.” A tribute to Polly, the Surly Bird Saloon is open on weekends.

One of the most interesting buildings was the Skookum Jim house, built right after the discovery of gold. Covered in cherry red paint mixed with black and blue images of Yukon Territory animals, the exterior mural was designed in the coastal tradition by Tlingit artist Keith Wolfe Smarch. Skookum Jim donated the house to the Wolf Dakl’aweidi Clan of the Tagish First Nation.

The barracks is a log house built in 1921 by a White Pass Railway foreman from trees burned in a fire near Lake Bennett. The logs were placed vertically to form a round base with caulk between the logs. The house then served as a barracks for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police with an adjoining prison cell where many selfies are taken. Today, the Barracks presents artists specializing in the Spirit of the North.

Pro tip: While in Skagway, before boarding the bus, visit the Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park.

Canadian Yukon sign on the Klondike Highway

Entering Canada’s Yukon Territory via the Klondike Highway

Photo credit: Ann Bush

If you are going to

The September weather on the ship at sea was very cold, however, the stopovers were warmer and only required a light jacket. The temperature of the Canadian Yukon Territory ranges from 48 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Even when the sun is shining, the temperature immediately cools when a cloud slides overhead. Bring plenty of long-sleeved shirts, closed-toe waterproof walking shoes, a hat, and gloves. Fleece jackets and windbreakers will be your must-haves. Don’t bring a sweatshirt as there will be loads of distinctive varieties to buy at bargain prices.

For more information on traveling to Alaska, check out these articles:

Europe had its hottest summer on record in 2022 • Earth.com


According to new data released by the Copernicus Climate Change Services on Thursday 7 September 2022, this summer has been the hottest on record in Europe. Searing heat waves, prolonged droughts and massive wildfires all contributed to this unprecedented event, with the combination of high temperatures and extremely dry conditions fueled by climate change wreaking havoc across the continent.

It was the second time in a row that Europe broke such records, with average temperatures 0.4 degrees Celsius higher than the previous record set in 2021. August was particularly hot, surpassing the 2018 record by a staggering 0.8 degrees Celsius. These extreme climatic conditions resulted in thousands of deaths, myriad crops withered, vast forests turning brown and barren, and wildfires raging from the Caucasus Mountains to the Atlantic coast and consuming about 50% more land than the previous record of 2017.

According to scientists, these problems have been exacerbated by anthropogenic global warming. For example, a recent study showed that greenhouse gas emissions made a UK heatwave in July ten times more likely. Additionally, climatic cycles of hot weather and drought led to the formation of “heat domes” that deflected rain and forced Europe to bake in nearly unbearable sun and heat.

“We expect these types of hot extremes to become more frequent and more severe due to climate change,” said Carlo Buontempo, director of the Copernicus service. “Trends in this direction are clearly visible in the sighting records.”

Globally, this summer has been the third hottest on record, with massive heat waves scorching large areas in China and prolonged droughts gripping the western United States and Canada. The South Pole was also exceptionally warm, with sea ice extent around Antarctica reaching a record high in July.

These heat waves have often been followed in many parts of the world by massive rains, such as those in Pakistan, which caused more than 1,300 deaths and covered about a third of the country in water, or the historical rainfall in the Valley of the Death that swept away hikers and destroyed roads.

“Whiplash has always happened, but now we’re seeing shifts from one weather pattern to another become more violent and disruptive,” said Jennifer Francis, senior scientist at the Woodwell Climate Research Center. It is “another clear signal that the climate crisis is with us now”.

By Andrei Ionescu, Terre.com Personal editor

An unconquered glacier overtakes Big Sky


For nearly two quarters, the upset Missoula Big Sky football team stayed with the undefeated Kalispell Glacier on Thursday night at Missoula County Stadium.

Then the Wolfpack turned on the afterburners, scoring 38 unanswered points en route to a 55-14 win. Glacier took their record to 3-0 while Big Sky fell to 1-2, failing to build on the momentum of a win at Billings Skyview last week.

“We’ve been talking about it all week about how we need to keep our foot on the gas pedal and keep grinding,” Glacier trainer Grady Bennett said. “Thanks to Big Sky for playing hard.”

Glacier struck first as sophomore running back Kobe Dorcheus rushed 67 yards for a touchdown with 9:23 left in the first period. Five minutes later, the Wolfpack took a 10-0 lead on a 35-yard field goal from Rhett Measure.

Glacier’s lead jumped to 17-0 on a 29-yard TD pass from Gage Sliter to Van Scholten before Big Sky got on the board early in the second quarter. Colter Ramos caught a 67-yard bomb from Drew Martins. The Eagles then recovered a poo kick and Martins then found Joey Sandberg for a 5-yard TD pass as the hosts reduced their deficit to 17-14.

The Wolfpack responded with two straight touchdowns to close out the half. Sliter ran nine yards for a score and threw a 6-yard screen pass to Kaid Buls who went for a TD, giving the visitors a 31-14 lead which they took on the break.

The second half was all Glacier. Jackson Hensley and Buls scored in the third quarter and Bridger Smith scored midway through the fourth on a pass from Sliter to make it 52-14. Measure added a late short field goal.

Glacier finished with 482 total yards to Big Sky’s 217. Sliter completed 25 of 32 passes for 367 yards and four touchdowns. Dorcheus ran for 76 yards.

“Gage (Sliter) is such a good decision-maker,” Bennett said. “He responds very well to coaching and he does a great job throughout his progressions.

“He knows where his eyes need to be to do his readings. It was another amazing performance from him and for the most part he had all day to throw.

Martins completed 15 of 29 passes for 182 yards with two touchdowns and two interceptions. Sandberg had 53 yards rushing and 13 receiving yards on two catches.

The Last Fight of the Summer: A Sublime September Ahead | Time


With only 12 days of summer remaining, September may be the best month of the year, assuming there are no tropical storms. A remarkably pleasant spell of weather is on the horizon, starting with a hot and dry weekend.

On Saturday there will be strong sunshine and daytime highs near 80. Some cloud may accumulate on Sunday, but it should remain dry and comfortably mild.

Scattered showers are possible late Monday, but more likely Tuesday as a weak system moves in from the Great Lakes region. Dry, calm conditions are expected Wednesday through Friday, with warmer than normal highs for mid-September.

The average temperature range as we move towards the autumnal equinox extends from pre-dawn lows around 50 to afternoon highs just above 70.

The Climate Prediction Center forecast for September 16-22 suggests above-normal temperatures and near-normal rainfall.


The latest report from the US Drought Monitor keeps Berkshire County in the moderate to severe zone, but the extreme drought zone in eastern Massachusetts is shrinking.

Heavy rain at the start of the week brought some relief here, with the highest totals reported in the South County – 4.2 inches in Great Barrington and Becket, 4.6 inches in Sheffield and 5.1 inches in Monterey and Tyringham – above average for the full month of September.

Pittsfield got nearly 3 inches, while North County’s totals were slightly lower.

“The problem when you have a big rain event is that a lot of it flows out,” said William Simpson, a National Weather Service meteorologist in Boston. “If you have 5 inches in a month, that allows it to seep into the ground. Rainfall figures can be misleading. Unfortunately, the overall impact will be minimal.

Extreme drought punctuated by flooding could become a more familiar pattern in New England as climate change intensifies.

At the University of Massachusetts Climate System Research Center, Associate Director Michael Rawlins said that since the 1950s there has been a 70% increase in the number of days the region experiences extreme levels of precipitation. “It’s a clear imprint of a warming world,” he said.


This weekend, Tropical Storm Kay is bringing excessive rainfall and flash flooding to parts of Southern California and the Southwest.

The dangerous heatwave is loosening its grip on central California and neighboring states, while noticeably colder air is spreading across the Rockies and the Plains.

But nearly 30 million residents, mostly in the Pacific Northwest, remain under excessive heat warnings, with increased fire risk from Washington state to west-central Oregon, where red flag warnings are in effect.

Heavy rain is expected from the Gulf Coast of Florida and the panhandle into coastal South Carolina and central Georgia before moving into the hills of North Carolina and Virginia.

As the week progresses, highs will be slightly below normal across much of the West.


• The 12-day heat wave in California and other western states was the most severe on record in September. Nearly 1,000 records have been broken. Salt Lake City (with an all-time high of 107), Sacramento (an all-time high of 116) and Reno (106) have broken their September records multiple times and by wide margins.

Sacramento and San Jose, where it hit 116 and 109 degrees on Tuesday, hit all-time highs. According to weather historian Maximiliano Herrera, it was “the greatest September heat wave ever west of the Rockies.”

Record temperatures extended from Arizona to Washington state and as far east as North Dakota.

Death Valley soared to 125 degrees on Tuesday, one degree below the world record high temperature.

“It was basically the worst September heat wave on record, certainly in Northern California and arguably for the state as a whole,” said UCLA climatologist Daniel Swain.

Christopher Burt, author of a book on extreme weather, called Tuesday “one of the hottest, if not the hottest, days in California weather history.” That day, California’s electricity demand hit an all-time high.

Redmond, Oregon, on Friday set a September record of 106.

The heat even erupted in western Canada, where the village of Lytton set a September record for British Columbia of 103.

• Amid scorching heat waves, brutal drought and widespread forest fires, Europe experienced its hottest summer on record, according to new data from the Copernicus climate change service. It was the second consecutive historic summer for the continent.

Officials have attributed thousands of deaths to the long stretches of oppressive weather. Crops withered and forests turned brown and barren as Western Europe was gripped by the worst drought in centuries.

Wildfires raged from the Caucasus Mountains to the Atlantic coast, with flames consuming about 50% more land than the previous record set in 2017.

• A recent analysis found that the burning of fossil fuels and other carbon-emitting activities made a July heatwave in Britain 10 times more likely.

Other research shows that the climate cycle of hot weather and dry landscapes can lead to the formation of ‘heat domes’ which deflect rainy weather and force the European continent to bake in the inevitable sun and heat.

“We expect these types of hot extremes to become more frequent and more severe due to climate change,” said Carlo Buontempo, director of the Copernicus service.

Globally, temperatures in August are tied for the third hottest on record, Copernicus reported. Heat waves have scorched much of China, making this the hottest summer in the country. Even the South Pole was warmer than usual for this period; sea ​​ice extent around Antarctica reached a record high in July.

Human pollution by greenhouse gases is warming the planet at an unprecedented rate, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Each of the past seven years ranks among the seven warmest on record.

Credit Karma agrees to pay $3 million | Editorial


Did you apply for a credit card because Credit Karma said you were pre-approved, but were declined? If so, you may be entitled to compensation. No seriously. The Federal Trade Commission orders the credit monitoring service to pay users $3 million after shoving pre-approved fake credit cards on customers and damaging their credit. Nearly a third of Credit Karma users who applied for the pre-approved credit cards were later denied, following a credit check. According to a complaint filed by the FTC, the marketing efforts wasted consumers’ time and negatively impacted their credit scores. When a business launches a marketing campaign designed to trick customers into doing certain things, like applying for a pre-approved credit card, for example, they’re engaging in what’s called a “dark pattern.” According to a news article, the FTC cracks down on predatory practices that “harm consumers and pollute online commerce.” Credit Karma allegedly violated the Federal Trade Commission Act between February 2018 and April 2021, promoting products that consumers had a 90% chance of being approved or pre-approved for, but were ultimately turned down. This is an accusation that Credit Karma denies. The company said in a statement that it disagrees with the FTC’s claims, but has reached an agreement so it can start helping customers again, according to a report. According to Credit Karma’s statement, the company only gets paid when users are approved for things like credit cards. However, the FTC’s allegations focus on Credit Karma’s historical use of the term “pre-approved” for a small subset of personal loan and credit card offerings that were available on their website prior to April. 2021 and do not challenge the language of the approval ratings. the company has been supplying its customers ever since. As a result, Credit Karma has agreed to pay $3 million to the FTC, which will be sent to customers who have been harmed by Credit Karma’s predatory practices. The company will also stop misleading customers about credit offer approvals, which will be documented by an order requiring Credit Karma to keep records of its marketing efforts, according to the report. It’s unclear how many customers were affected by the “pre-approved” offers that turned out to be false, or how many each customer can expect to receive as part of the settlement. What Credit Karma has done is really no better than the practices that payday loans have engaged in – although the big difference is that the customers actually didn’t pay anyone any money; they just applied for a “promised” credit card or loan that was declined.

T-Omega redesigns floating offshore wind turbines for huge savings


All of the world’s greatest wind resources are found offshore – often far offshore, where the water is so deep that it is impossible to build typical fan-on-stick wind turbines with bases sunk deep into the seabed. Floating wind, at this point, is so expensive to build, deploy, and maintain that it ends up costing two to three times more per kilowatt-hour of energy than fixed-bottom offshore installations.

There’s a huge opportunity for technological advancement here, and companies like Norway’s World Wide Wind are coming up with some pretty radical ideas in space. Much of the cost of power comes down to the size, weight, and materials involved in the structure of the turbine, as well as the logistical issues and specialized equipment needed to build, install, and maintain things.

Boston startup T-Omega Wind says it has prototyped and tested a unique floating offshore wind turbine design that can withstand massive storms and hundred-foot waves, but at 20% the weight and about 30% the price of conventional designs – not to mention super-simple deployment and installation – unlocking an affordable way to harness the world’s best wind resources.

Because there is so little below the waterline, T-Omega’s turbines can easily be towed by a single inexpensive tug, meaning maintenance can be carried out in port, rather than at sea at using incredibly expensive and specialized ships.

T-Omega Wind

“All offshore floating turbines except ours are like icebergs,” says Jim Papadopoulos, co-founder and chief engineer of T-Omega, during a video chat. “Whatever they have above water, they have four times as much under water. If they have 1,500 tonnes above water, they have 6,000 under water. It’s a big expense. almost nothing underwater. This is one of the big differences in cost, mobility and launch.

Conventional floating turbines, Papadopoulos says, use technology that was only ever designed for land. “Right now, a Vestas or GE style turbine, they have a super rotor, with a one-sided shaft. You can design almost anything, but with a one-sided shaft, that shaft is massive and requires some special bearings.And because of the forces going through this design, there is very little room for it to change angle, so they have to keep them stationary, perfectly straight – hence the heavy and expensive base .They’re steeped in an earth-style philosophy, and it’s incredibly expensive.”

T-Omega’s approach is completely different, starting with the turbine and generator itself, which are mounted on a double-sided axle shaft that is rigidly supported at both ends. So, rather than a single heavy pole, the turbine is supported by four much slimmer legs, reaching to lightweight, widely spaced floating base platforms. It’s a bit like the way a Ferris wheel is suspended; there’s a reason they don’t build them on a single pole.

Complete 3D video of the T Omega wind turbine

Will it capsize?

“If you take a wooden door and put it in water, it’s not going to tip over,” Papadopoulos says. “It’s width versus height. So yes, we have a very wide base compared to any other floating design. To lift the floats out of the water, you’re looking for an ungodly amount of torque – that’s much more than the torque of the generator.”

The floating base is attached to the sea floor, and when the wind changes, the base spins freely around its pivot point on the sea floor, so it’s always facing into the wind – but without the need for sensors, motors and slewing mechanisms to achieve this end. The material cost savings are huge, Papadopoulos says.

“Suddenly the weight of the tower can be something like 10% of the weight of a normal tower. And instead of dealing with steel two or three inches thick – and all the equipment, the time and the logistics that entails – you’re dealing with steel half an inch or less, and anyone can cut it and weld it.”

This also continues up to the top gear. Supported from both ends, the T-Omega design does not need the same type of massive generator and axle designs that conventional turbines need, simply to cope with the enormous stress imposed by a single-sided axle. This means less metal, less weight, less specialized tooling and less cost at every stage of the process. It also means a wider range of manufacturing companies can build things.

The company built a two-meter-tall (6.5-foot) prototype – a 1:60 scale model of a commercial-size 10 MW product, and tested it for stability in a tank at waves in Glasgow.

“This is the lightest 1-60 scale floating wind model I have ever tested,” Kelvin Hydrodynamics Laboratory project leader Dr Saishuai Dai said in a press release. “The model successfully overlapped a stormy sea state with an equivalent full-scale significant wave height of 18 meters (59 ft). An equivalent full-scale maximum wave height of 30 meters (98 ft) was observed in this stormy sea state, and that was pushing the upper limit of our wave makers.”

“These waves are the equivalent of 100 feet high,” Papadopoulos said. “That thing was rocking like a fairground ride. No problem.”

Testing the T-Omega Wind Strathclyde Tank

Since the design doesn’t extend very far underwater, deployment is an absolute breeze. You can assemble these items on a dock, float them directly in the water, then tow them to the site. The upkeep is much the same; Unhook the wind turbine, tow it to shore, perform any necessary maintenance, then put it back into the live wind farm rotation when you’re done. No need for jack-up vessels or floating cranes, just tow the turbines to the port where everything is easy.

“We’re going for the cheap, the cheap, the cheap,” Papadopoulos says. “And part of our game is that we’re not going to aim for 25 years without maintenance. We’ll replace parts in three years if they crack, because we’ve made it easy. Conventional turbines are incredibly expensive to maintain. – you have to hire a turret ship for two or three million pounds a week, and even then it is only possible in good weather They wait until two or three have failed to justify the cost of this ship – and to avoid That’s one of the reasons they’re so expensive. They want perfection in their design. We don’t. Cost works out much better.

While nearly every other offshore wind design seeks to continually evolve with ever-larger turbines, T-Omega says its economic sweet spot will be about half the size of today’s largest turbines. “Everybody seems to like the idea of ​​getting bigger,” says Papadopoulos, “but we hate the idea of ​​massive size because it means you need bigger ports, bigger ships, everything. bigger.”

And, he says, T-Omega’s proposition is fundamentally different.

“Why are they getting so big? ” he asks. “What happens is that the installation and maintenance costs are so crazy for these turbines, that you’d rather install and maintain one giant than two medium ones. But those costs don’t apply to us. And there’s something called the square-cubic law; when you double the size of a turbine design, you increase the swept area of ​​the rotor by four – but the weight increases by eight times, because you double the height, width and length of each three-dimensional part. So it’s actually a losing proposition to go too big for us. We’ll probably find our sweet spot with the lowest cost at around 7-8 megawatts.

Supporting the turbine at both ends means T-Omega can get away with much simpler, cheaper and lighter generators and support structures
Supporting the turbine at both ends means T-Omega can get away with much simpler, cheaper and lighter generators and support structures

T-Omega Wind

The company projects a levelized cost of energy (LCoE) of around $50 per megawatt-hour in internal calculations. It works for this figure to be rerun by an independent third party.

“Based on our numbers,” Papadopoulos says, “we’re in the range of the best fixed-bottom offshore wind turbines available today.”

At this point, T-Omega is a small group of people working without pay and funding prototypes through grants and accelerator funds.

“We’re just starting to seriously look for investment,” says Papadopoulos, “We think this could be the most versatile, easiest to build, and cheapest floating wind turbine on offer. So why isn’t anyone wouldn’t he want it? Maybe it’s naive!

Indeed, there are other massive market forces in the way.

“We went to show it to a company that makes some of the biggest turbines in the world,” Papadopoulos says. “We spoke to a former CEO, a guy who really knows the business. We showed him our design. He said in awe, ‘It’s a really good design. Everyone needs it. This will make maintenance easier. That’ll make it easier to build.” and install it easier. That’s a good thing. I’m not giving you any chance of success. And we looked at him all crestfallen and asked him why. And he said, “Hey. good because just before I left, we just invested three or four billion in making things the old fashioned way. Do you think we want to throw this factory away? So the big turbine manufacturers aren’t interested, they want to keep selling what they’re making now.”

The challenge for T-Omega is therefore to find manufacturers that are not locked into legacy technology. Papadopoulos says the company has a few lines in the water with investors, but has yet to strike a deal that could fund the next step: a 100-foot-tall design that could end up being a product. for small coastal settlements and islands.

“We are only at the beginning of our efforts to prove that the ideas are good and doable,” he says. “With more evidence, you get more investment, until it’s a real product.”

Floating offshore wind turbines will play a vital role in the transition to clean energy, but their contribution will be limited by their cost. It’s an industry ripe for technological disruption, and T-Omega’s refreshingly simple approach seems to have a lot to offer. We wish the team the best of luck moving the project forward and we look forward to seeing how it progresses.

Check out an animation detailing the process of building, installing and maintaining T-Omega’s turbine design in the video below.


Source: T-Omega

Ten places named after Queen Elizabeth II


Queen Elizabeth II died on September 8, 2022. She was 96 and was Britain’s longest-serving monarch who reigned for 70 years. During all these years, the queen has visited many places in the world and left her mark. There are also many places named after him. By Travel + Leisure

Here are 10 places around the world named after Queen Elizabeth II:

Queen Elizabeth Land

About 437,000 square kilometers (169,000 square miles) of British Antarctic Territory was named after the monarch to mark her Diamond Jubilee in 2012. The triangular segment is almost twice the size of Britain and is s extends from the South Pole to the Ronne Ice Shelf on the Weddell Sea.

Land of Princess Elizabeth

Seven decades earlier, in 1931, this slice of Antarctica was discovered by the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition and named after young Elizabeth, who was third in line to the throne. Covering roughly the southern part of India, it is now part of the Australian Antarctic Territory.

Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, London

The former east London wasteland which hosted the 2012 Olympics was renamed after the Games to mark the Diamond Jubilee celebrating 60 years on the throne. Queen Elizabeth memorably opened the Olympics with footage that appeared to show her parachuting into the stadium with James Bond.

Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda

Straddling the equator, the East African country’s most-visited national park is known for its lions, hippos, elephants, crocodiles and leopards, as well as its volcanic cones and crater lakes . The 1,978 square kilometer park was renamed after a visit from the monarch in 1954.

Queen Elizabeth II 9/11 Garden, New York

The small park in Hanover Square was created to commemorate the 67 British victims of the 2001 terrorist attacks in the city, but was renamed in 2012 when it was repurposed as a memorial site for all Commonwealth victims. The monarch officially opened the garden in Lower Manhattan in 2010.

Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canada

The Parry Archipelago was renamed in 1953 to mark the coronation. Canada’s northernmost group of islands includes Ellesmere Island, the 10th largest in the world. Despite their vast area of ​​4,19,061 square kilometres, the Arctic islands have only 400 inhabitants. At the top of Ellesmere is Alert, the northernmost settlement in the world.

The Queen’s Terminal, London Heathrow Airport

Heathrow’s new Terminal 2, worth £2.5 billion (INR 2, 30, 36, 21, 75,000), was officially opened by the monarch in 2014. About a quarter of passengers on ‘Heathrow pass through the T2. The sovereign has never used the terminal: there is a lavish VIP terminal used by heads of state elsewhere in the airport.

Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong

Once the largest general hospital in the Commonwealth, the Kowloon facility opened in 1963, when Hong Kong was still a British colony. The monarch’s husband, Prince Philip, laid the foundation stone. Hong Kong’s largest hospital is the main treatment center for civil disasters and patients transferred by helicopter.

Queenstown, Singapore

Queenstown was the first new town built on the island of the city-state to cope with its burgeoning population and was named to mark the coronation of 1953. Around 1,00,000 people live in the 20 square kilometer area . Developed as a self-contained community, it is largely home to older original residents in high-rise and low-rise buildings.

Elizabeth Quay, Perth

Intended to showcase Western Australia’s capital on the international stage, the new district contains a mix of luxury hotels, apartments, office buildings and restaurants. The artificial entrance to Swan River officially opened in 2016. The new entertainment and leisure district has been billed as “the place to be, see and do” in Perth.

This story was published via AFP Relaxnews

Main and feature image credit: Photography Tolga Akmen / AFP ©

Related: Queen Elizabeth’s Sandringham Estate Is About To Become A ‘Destination Pub’ And You Could Be The One To Run It

An ‘apocalyptic glacier’ in Antarctica could raise sea levels by 2 feet

  • The Thwaites Glacier in Antarctica, which is about the size of Florida, continued to retreat, earning it the nickname “Doomsday Glacier”.
  • Scientists believe its rate of retreat may be accelerating after discovering that it once retreated faster than it does today.
  • The collapse of the Thwaites Glacier could lead to an overall sea level rise of more than two feet.

    Giving the Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica, one of the largest glaciers in the world, the nickname “glacier of the apocalypse”, does not inspire much confidence in its ability to remain a body of ice dense. A study published Monday in the magazine nature geoscience instills even less confidence, with data showing the glacier could accelerate its rate of retreat at any moment, leading to a collapse that could raise global sea levels by more than two feet.

    “Just a little kick to Thwaites could lead to a big response,” said Ali Graham, a marine scientist at the University of Florida and the study’s lead author. Press release.

    🧊 Science explains the world around us. We’ll help you figure it all out – join Pop Mech Pro.

    A multinational research team used the bright orange Rán robotic vehicle loaded with imaging sensors to map an area of ​​the seafloor in front of the glacier that was roughly the size of Houston. It was the first time in history that the front of the glacier was accessed.

    “It was truly a once-in-a-lifetime mission,” Graham said in the release, noting that the team wants to sample seafloor sediments to more accurately date the ridge-like features created by the movement of the glaciers. “But the ice closed in on us pretty quickly and we had to leave before we could do that on this expedition.”

    Calling the data beautiful, if not disturbing, Graham mapped a critical area of ​​the seabed ahead of the glacier in high resolution, learning that Thwaites, at some point in the last 200 years, spanning less than six months, is retreating at a rate of more than 2.1 km per year, twice the documented rate observed in satellite images between 2011 and 2019. “Our results suggest that very rapid retreat pulses have occurred at Thwaites Glacier during the past two centuries, and possibly as recently as the mid-1920se century,” says Graham.

    “Thwaites is really holding today by its fingernails, and we should expect to see big changes on small time scales in the future – even from year to year – once the glacier retreats to the beyond a shallow ridge in its bed,” Robert Larter, a British Antarctic Survey marine geophysicist and co-author of the study, said in the statement.

    To understand Thwaites’ past retreat, the team analyzed submerged rib-like formations about half a mile below the polar ocean. Figuring in the area’s tidal cycle, as predicted by computer models, they determined that a coast was forming every day. “It’s like looking at a tide gauge at the bottom of the sea,” says Graham. “It’s truly mind-blowing how beautiful the data is.”

    A side scan shows the peaks detected by Ran.

    Image credit: Ali Graham

    The effort is part of a five-year project to use the geological record of the seabed in front of Thwaites to reconstruct the history of the glacier and study how it reacted to the atmosphere and the ocean.

    Computer modeling warns that Thwaites could lose ice more rapidly over the next few decades, leading to a significant rise in sea level. The discovery of sustained pulses of rapid retreat in the glacier’s history leads scientists to believe that another occurrence of this movement could happen again.

    “Similar pulses of rapid retreat are likely to occur in the near future,” said the the authors write, “when the stranding zone migrates to the stabilizing high points of the seabed.” This leads to “major uncertainty for future sea level projections” and leads us all to hope that those Thwaites nails hold firm.

    Lost in the Stacks: Cabin Fever


    The 1,234 passengers on the Holland America cruise ship Zandaam were about to embark on a dream vacation: a month-long trip around the tip of South America. They would see penguins and icebergs, killer whales and dolphins, and for a fee, guests could even visit Machu Picchu. As they crossed from the Falkland Islands to the Strait of Magellan up the coasts of Chile and Peru, guests from Europe, the United States, the United Kingdom and South America not only enjoyed excursions to land, but also reveled in the by Zandaam famous amenities. The date? March 8, 2020.

    In cabin fever authors Michael Smith and Jonathan Franklin ominously detail the transformation of the Zandaam from luxury cruise ship to pariah. As COVID fears gripped the world, port after port closed to cruise ships, leaving the Zandaam dangerously low on supplies. Meanwhile, hundreds of passengers and crew fell ill with the mysterious virus as ill-equipped medical staff struggled to keep up with the explosion of cases. Soon, the captain ordered all passengers to remain confined to their tiny rooms, forcing the decimated crew to work 14 hours a day to serve passengers 3 meals a day.

    Despite the heaviness Titanic references, cabin fever is the gripping tale of a cruise ship caught in an international crisis. The details of the frantic diplomacy between Carnival Cruise Lines, diplomats and ambassadors to find a port, any port, where the Zandaam could land are fascinating. Equally interesting is the inner workings of cruise ships, from laundresses to sanitary staff to entertainers. Smith and Franklin also vividly capture the personal stories of crew members and passengers trapped on a nightmarish voyage.

    See the full list

    Julie Nelson

    Constant reader, book picker, shameless promoter of good reads – these are just a few of the things I do as a collection development professional. I love sharing the hidden gems of our non-fiction collection!

    Mission into the unknown: Voyager probes celebrate 45 years in space


    After this final planetary flyby, the twins focused on finding the outskirts of the solar system. In December 2004, magnetic data indicated that Voyager 1 may have passed ‘termination shock’, where the solar wind slows from millions of miles per hour to 250,000 miles per hour (400,000 km/h) in response to external pressures from the interstellar plasma. Later, the team said that 8.7 billion kilometers from the Sun, Voyager 1 had entered the heliosheath, the region beyond the terminal shock. Voyager 2 entered this region in August 2007.

    In August 2012, following an increase in galactic cosmic ray measurements, Voyager 1 crossed the heliopause, where the pressures of the solar wind and interstellar plasma balance each other. At that time, the probe was about 11 billion miles (18 billion km) from Earth. Voyager 2 followed suit in November 2018.

    “We can now answer the question we’ve all been asking,” Voyager project scientist Ed Stone said at a press conference called to announce the discovery. “Are we there already? Yes we are!”

    Forty-five years later, Voyager 1 is 14.6 billion miles (23.5 billion km) and Voyager 2 about 12 billion miles (19.3 billion km) from home, speeding more than 38,000 miles per hour (61,000 km/h) and 34,000 miles per hour (55,000 km/h) respectively. One-way radio traffic extends to just under 10 p.m. for Voyager 1 and 6 p.m. for Voyager 2. Power levels are so low that only half their instruments remain on. Over the years, scientists have come together to discuss the best way to keep the spacecraft running for as long as possible, shutting down systems as needed. The team hopes the pair will remain functional until 2025, but no one knows for sure.

    Glacier National Park prepares to move into fall operations


    WEST GLACIER – Operations at Glacier National Park will soon be winding down as the fall season approaches.

    The fleet vehicle reservation pilot study for 2022 will end on September 11. However, visitors are encouraged to plan ahead and be prepared for temporary traffic restrictions at the western entrance due to congestion.

    Construction site on the Lake McDonald Utility Project will continue along Going-to-the-Sun Road from the south end of Lake McDonald near Apgar Campground to Sprague Creek Campground until September, causing short delays in both directions during the day. The construction zone will be closed every evening from Monday to Saturday between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. until October 1.

    Hiker and cyclist access is permitted on the closed road west of Logan Pass to North McDonald Road while the road crew is not working. A daily road crew closure will be in place while crews are working. Visitors are advised that the return to Logan Pass consists of steep uphill terrain.

    The park shuttles will remain in service until September 18 with reduced services. Beginning September 6, the shuttle service will operate daily between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. with all stops in operation. Wait times can be longer than 20 minutes since there will be fewer shuttles on the road. Visitors planning to use the shuttle should check the Shuttle bus for more details.

    The Logan Pass Visitor Center will continue daily visitor information services through Sunday, September 25. Potable water will not be available at Logan Pass beginning September 11. Meanwhile, the St. Mary’s Visitor Center will continue its daily visitor information services until Sunday, October 2. Drinking water will no longer be available at St. Mary’s after Monday, October 11.

    The Apgar Visitor Center will continue daily visitor information services until Monday, October 10, then transition to weekends until October 23, weather permitting. Restrooms and potable water are available in the Apgar Visitor Center plaza year-round.

    Frontcountry campgrounds will adjust as follows:

    • Hagar: Reservation required until September 11, first come, first served until October 3, and primitive status in Loop B only until Spring 2023
    • Fish Creek: Reservation required until closing on September 4
    • Sprague Creek: Reservation required until closing on September 11
    • Archer: First come, first served until September 9 and primitive status until closing depending on weather conditions
    • Kintla: First come, first served until September 8 and primitive status until closing depending on weather conditions
    • Lots of Glaciers: Half reservation, half first come first served until September 18 and primitive status until closing October 31
    • Sainte Marie: First come, first served until September 15 and primitive status in loop C only until spring 2023
    • Sunrise: First come, first served until closing on September 8
    • Two medicines: First come, first served until September 19 and primitive status until closing depending on weather conditions

    Primitive status campgrounds have vault toilets available and fees are reduced. No campground reservations are issued at primitive campgrounds and all camping is first come, first served. Visit the park Campsite page for more information on the campsite.

    Avalanche Creek, Cut Bank, and Logging Creek Campgrounds remained closed for the 2022 season. Quartz Creek Campground is temporarily closed due to the Quartz Fire. Visitors can check the Campsite page for updates.

    Wild camping requires a permit, which can be obtained at the Apgar Wilderness permit office. The permit office is open from 7:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. until September 30 and from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. until October 31. Wilderness permits will be issued up to 30 minutes before closing. Advance reservations for wilderness permits are available through September 23. Walk-in permits are issued up to 24 hours in advance. Check the Wild Camping Page for more information.

    Lake McDonald, Lake Bowman and Lake Kintla will be the only vehicle-accessible water bodies open to watercraft in the park after September 30. Hours of operation for the boat inspection station are 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. daily at Lake McDonald and 8 a.m. to 4 a.m. at Polebridge until September 30. Effective October 1, inspection hours will change from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. at Lake McDonald and Polebridge. All waters in the park are closed to boats as of November 1.

    Concession services (lodging, food, retail, horseback riding, boat and bus tours) began to shrink. All concession services will close for the season in early October. Visitors should check directly with Glacier National Park Services website for hours of operation.

    Fall visitors to Glacier National Park will find cooler temperatures and are encouraged to be prepared for changeable weather with the potential for rain or snow, especially in the alpine areas. As fall approaches, bear activity will increase. Visitors are asked to consider the storage requirements of attractants and to remember that pets are not permitted on the trails at any time. Learn more about bear safety in the park website.

    The park is open year-round and recreational opportunities can be found in all seasons. Winter recreation will be limited on Going-to-the-Sun Road along Lake McDonald for the 2022-2023 winter season due to the utility project. For more information, visit the park’s website website or call park headquarters at 406-888-7800.

    1920s Illinois Lived in Fear of the Priest-King of Flat Earth


    Escape from New York

    Rejecting the separation of church and state, Dowie openly declared that Zion would be run as a absolute theocracy, with himself as priest-king. While Dowie lay back in his luxurious mansion, his followers worked long hours at Zion’s highly profitable candy factory. When their tiny salaries became too inconvenient, Dowie began paying them in coupons that could only be spent at the general store in town. Its hand-picked police force patrolled the streets, enforcing strict laws against everything from whistling to wear tan shoes. Dowie also banned all doctors and made possession of modern medicine punishable by imprisonment, insisting that all illnesses should be treated with a combination of prayers, and giving him large sums of money.

    William Charles Morris

    The feds would have stepped in, but they didn’t have a mecha big enough to take Dowie’s titan form.

    But Dowie didn’t just run the smallest dictatorship to David Geffen’s beach house. He wanted to conquer the world. And like most villains, he decided to start in New York. In 1903, eight specially chartered trains part of Zion for the Big Apple. They carried Dowie’s luxurious private car (the Gulfstream jet of his day) and 3,000 of his closest supporters, who scattered across town to spread the good news. Dowie himself had reserved Madison Square Garden for two consecutive weeks of sermons, which he was sure would convert all of New York to his teachings. It…didn’t work out that way.

    My wife sawed off my frozen fingers in a shed and I’m sleeping in my dented Ford Mondeo, says Sir Ranulph Fiennes


    NOTHING is holding Sir Ranulph Fiennes back – not starvation, emergency heart bypass surgery or Parkinson’s disease.

    At 78, the man described as the world’s greatest living explorer is preparing more daring expeditions, despite the loss of all the fingers of his left hand and a tremor in his right hand.


    Sir Ranulph Fiennes is described as the world’s greatest living explorerCredit: document
    At 78, Ranulph is plotting even bolder expeditions


    At 78, Ranulph is plotting even bolder expeditionsCredit: � Ian Parnell

    For most people, Ranulph’s list of accomplishments would be enough to retire him.

    He led the only team to circumnavigate the Earth via the North and South Poles without flying and the first to cross the Antarctic continent unassisted.

    Then in 2003, four months after recovering from a heart attack, the invincible endurance athlete completed seven marathons on seven different continents in seven days.

    But Ranulph is not like most men.

    In Life Without Compromise, he was kicked out of the SAS for planning to blow up a film set and was in the final to succeed Sean Connery as James Bond.

    A new documentary called Explorer about the brave baronet, third cousin of actors Ralph and Joseph Fiennes, struggles to weave through all of his adventures.

    But there’s little bragging about Ranulph when he meets The Sun to talk about his daring escapades.

    With dark humor, he laughs when he’s come closest to death and when asked about his greatest achievement, he instead praises the women in his life.

    Ranulph says, “I’ve had two very lucky and happy marriages and I’m very proud of them.”

    The Explorer married his second wife, Louise, in 2005, but in many ways Explorer is a tribute to his first, Ginny, who died of stomach cancer in 2004.

    While you’d expect most of the other halves to be upset that their husband has traveled the world for years, his 33-year-old partner has both suggested and planned many of these perilous journeys.

    Ginny, whom he had known since childhood, even refused to send a helicopter to rescue Ranulph from the Arctic as it would have ruined his 1982 trip which was to be made only by land or sea.

    Mission control believed that unless the explorer and his teammate Charlie Burton were airlifted immediately, the weather would become too treacherous.

    Ginny had come up with the idea for the three-year expedition, which was coming to an end, and was running the radio when the order came.

    dance with death

    Ranulph reveals, “Charlie and I thought we were in trouble. It looked like we were heading towards two people who couldn’t make it and they sent an abandonment message.

    “She sent back a message something like ‘thank you very much, radio frequencies are difficult, I think you said something like keep going, so I’m going to tell them keep going.

    Eleven years later, Ginny has chosen Professor Mike Stroud as the perfect companion for Ranulph’s successful attempt to make the first unassisted crossing of the inhospitable Antarctica.

    Stroud’s expertise was in how to survive on little, which was essential when pulling their own supplies.

    Ranulph smiled: “He weighed himself at the South Pole to see if he had enough weight to get the rest of the ice out.

    “He came out of the tent after undressing and said, ‘We’re even hungrier than we had hoped.'”

    Ranulph and Professor Michael Stroud reach the South Pole on February 5, 1993


    Ranulph and Professor Michael Stroud reach the South Pole on February 5, 1993Credit: Getty
    Ranulph on board the Transglobe Expedition vessel the Benjamin Bowrin, anchored off Southend Pier in August 1982


    Ranulph on board the Transglobe Expedition vessel the Benjamin Bowrin, anchored off Southend Pier in August 1982Credit: Getty

    The burly Briton agrees his greatest successes have been “probably the starving ones”.

    An attempt in 2000 to reach the North Pole alone, however, ended in disaster when his sled plunged through weak ice and he suffered severe frostbite trying to pull him out of the freezing waters.

    Rather than wait several months for an operation to amputate the extremities of his left hand, he opted with the help of Ginny to cut them off using a jigsaw in his shed in Devon.

    He laughs: “I didn’t throw them away, they were part of me for over 60 years.”

    Having survived whatever the globe’s polar terrain could throw at him, Ranulph came closest to death under the most mundane of circumstances.

    Just after boarding a flight from Bristol to Edinburgh in June 2003, he suffered a massive heart attack and awoke to find he had been on life support.

    “I had been dead for three days and three nights,” he said.

    Looking back, the adventurer is able to laugh it off, saying, “The lead doctor couldn’t determine the cause. I was very very fit, I hadn’t smoked for years.

    “Then someone said, yes but he flew by easyJet.”

    Ranulph and his first wife, Virginnia, known as Ginny


    Ranulph and his first wife, Virginnia, known as GinnyCredit: PA
    Explorer digs a snow hut in Antarctica in 1979


    Explorer digs a snow hut in Antarctica in 1979Credit: Getty

    Demanding a heart bypass should have derailed his plans to complete seven marathons in seven days on seven continents by October of that year.

    But Ranulph says, “You don’t put it off when it’s taken two years to get organized and it has to start on a certain day, any mistake and it’ll fall apart.

    When he returned from the torturous journey, he learned that Ginny had stomach cancer and died a few months later at the age of 56.

    A few years later he married Louise Millington and together they had the child he had been unable to have with Ginny.

    He admits that the presence of 16-year-old Elizabeth in his life has made going on expeditions more difficult, but he won’t stop.

    Ranulph adds: “I don’t think it makes me more afraid of death because I don’t think we’re going to die on an expedition, but for that it’s not the ideal job.

    “But I didn’t have a father and I had a wonderful mother and my wife is a wonderful mother to Elizabeth, so I thought everything was fine.”

    ‘I sleep in my Ford Mondeo’

    Although he inherited the baronetcy from his father, Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Ranulph Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, who was killed in action in World War II, Ranulph was not a wealthy man.

    Rather than pay for a hotel, he often sleeps in his dented Ford Mondeo, which has 280,000 miles on the clock.

    He explains, “Everyone but the billionaires is coming to an age where they don’t earn enough for what they want and I’m no exception to that.”

    Ranulph might have ended up richer and more famous than his third cousin, Ralph, if his James Bond audition had gone better.

    But he counts his time because 007 would not have lasted.

    Modestly, he says: “I might have been sacked soon after, when they realized the mistake they had made. I might not have done what they wanted.

    Ranulph descending from Aconcagua in the Andes


    Ranulph descending from Aconcagua in the AndesCredit: PA: Press Association
    The 78-year-old, pictured this year, has released a new documentary


    The 78-year-old, pictured this year, has released a new documentary1 credit

    With a shortage of money, retirement is not on the agenda.

    Trekking through extreme environments is set to be released following his diagnosis of Parkinson’s three years ago, one symptom of which is poor balance. But this is not the case.

    He says, “We’re talking about more expeditions, but we’ve gotten to the stage of getting sponsorships.”

    During the interview, there are a few moments where Ranulph struggles to remember the correct timelines and has the film’s director, Matt Dyas, at his side to help.

    But he is specific on many details and is clearly determined not to let the debilitating condition hold him back.

    Ranulph tried swimming in cold water to fend off the effects of the disease and did not give up hope of reducing its worst ravages.

    He says, “I don’t know anyone who has overcome Parkinson’s disease. I’d love to beat him, but if it’s one of those things, we’re all three twenty and ten.

    The world-wise adventurer is sufficiently realistic about his own health to know that he cannot make any firm promises about accomplishing anything.

    Ranulph concludes, “If you don’t get honest about the geriatric situation, then you’re pretty stupid.

    “How far I can go one month may be different from the next.”

    But if any man can defy time and odds, it’s Sir Ranulph.

    Explorer is now available on Digital, Blu-ray and DVD

    Ranulph and his wife Louise


    Ranulph and his wife Louise1 credit

    Top 10 National Parks for Hiking: Yosemite, Olympic, Sequoia, Glacier

    • Yosemite is the number one park on KURU Footwear’s “Top 10 National Parks for Hiking” list.
    • Choose a national park with plenty of trails to ensure “there is something for everyone,” KURU said.
    • The list is based on a park’s total number, distance, and average trail ratings.

    You want to discover the best trails in the National Park Service has to offer? With over 44,000 combined miles to choose from, consider these national parks ranked as the best for hiking.

    Utah-based shoe company KURU said it used total trail count, trail distance, average trail rating, annual visitor count and park area to determine the “Top 10 Best National Parks for Hiking” and refine more than 4,155 combined trails in 63 national parks. Choosing a park with a large number of trails is a smart option for hiking families who want to make sure “there’s something for everyone,” the company said.

    The longest trail in the national park system is the North Country Trail – spanning 4,600 miles across eight states. Gateway Arch National Park in St. Louis, the worst of all national parks for hiking, with a single 3 km long trail.

    Yosemite rated #1. It was also part of the Family Vacation Guide best national parks for you and your family to visit this summer list and was one of 25 most visited parks in the National Park System last year.

    Lost Villages, Ancient Ruins, WWII Ships:Artifacts discovered as extreme heat lowers water levels

    National parks for those who hate crowds:Discover America’s 10 least-visited gems

    1. Yosemite, California

    • 278 trails

    • 4,729 total miles of trails

    • 4.56 /5 average trail rating

    2. Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee

    • 348 trails

    • 4,354 total miles of trails

    • 4.38 /5 average trail rating

    Best National Park:The best park for seniors and accessible travel

    Fatal Flaws with Death Stats:Ranking US national parks for perils? Beware Fatal Rifts With Death Stats

    Fireflies during mating season at Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee.

    3.Yellowstone, Wyoming

    • 267 trails

    • 3,507 total miles of trails

    • 4.2/5 average trail rating

    Watch out for bison:Woman gored by bison at Yellowstone National Park in second incident in three days

    Tourists view the Morning Glory hot spring in the upper geyser basin of Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, May 14, 2016. The hot spring's distinctive colors are due to bacteria that survive in the hot water despite its bright color has changed from its original blue to yellow and green after an accumulation of coins and debris thrown by tourists.

    4. Olympic National Park, Washington

    • 194 tracks

    • 3,072 total miles of trails

    • 4.28 /5 average trail rating

    A person snowshoes at Hurricane Ridge at Olympic National Park December 28, 2008 in Washington.

    5. Shenandoah, Virginia

    • 264 trails

    • 2,667 total miles of trails

    • 4.34 /5 average trail rating

    A hiker looks at a map as he hikes part of the Appalachian Trail in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, June 13, 2019.
    A view through a canopy of trees in full fall color October 24, 2015, along Skyline Drive in Shenandoah National Park in Virginia.

    6. Glacier, Alaska

    • 154 tracks

    • 2,160 total miles of trails

    • 4.43 /5 average trail rating

    Kayakers explore Glacier Bay National Park in Alaska, a 25 million acre World Heritage Site, one of the largest international protected areas in the world.

    7. Rocky Mountain, Colorado

    • 235 tracks

    • 1,970 total miles of trail

    • 4.5/5 average trail rating

    Vulnerable National Parks:Climate change puts national parks at risk. Here are some of the most vulnerable.

    People walk near the Trail Ridge Road May 23, 2003, in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado.

    8. Sequoia, California

    • 98 tracks

    • 1,624 total miles of trails

    • 4.48 /5 average trail rating

    Visitors walk past a giant sequoia on August 22, 2022 in Sequoia National Park, California.  Giant sequoias can live for over 3,000 years and average between 180 and 250 feet in height.

    9. Grand Canyon, Arizona

    • 133 tracks

    • 1,562 total miles of trails

    • 4.32 /5 average trail rating

    Eric Luth wades through the water in the Red Gulch of a side canyon of the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park.
    A rainbow crosses the Grand Canyon National Park in northern Arizona, September 7, 2002.

    10. Kings Canyon, California

    • 68 tracks

    • 1,583 total miles of trails

    • 4.47 /5 average trail rating

    A view of Kings Canyon National Park, California, from Lookout Peak.

    Camille Fine is a Trending Visual Producer on USA TODAY’s NOW team.

    Could climate change change the length of the day?


    Let’s take an example with an imaginary planet. In this solar system, the planet completes an orbit around its sun in 8.6 solar days, instead of 365 days, as Earth does. (I use a shorter year because it amplifies the difference between solar and stellar days, so you can see it more easily.)

    Here is an animation showing the difference between solar and stellar days for this planet. The arrow shows when a certain point on the planet points to a distant star (which would be way out of frame) or in its sun. The instant it points toward the sun is when the sun would be at the highest point in the sky for an observer at that location.

    Video: Rhett Allain

    Note that for one stellar day, the planet indeed makes a complete revolution, with a time of 0.648 “time units”. (I also invented imaginary time units for this example.) However, at this point in the motion, the sun has not returned to the same spot in the planet’s sky, because during that stellar day, the planet s is moved. It takes 0.726 “time units” before the arrow points to the sun. So in this case, the solar day is a bit longer than a stellar day, just like on Earth.

    Is it possible that the solar day is shorter that stellar day? Yeah. If the planet rotates in a direction opposite to its orbital rotation, this backward rotation will bring the sun back to the highest point earlier. Here’s what it looks like:

    Video: Rhett Allain

    However, due to the way solar systems form, planets generally rotate in the same direction as their orbital motion. In our solar system, only Venus rotates backwards. (OK, Uranus spins sideways – not sure if that counts as a pullback.) But the thing is, a solar day is different than a stellar day.

    Changes in a solar day

    For our imaginary planet, the length of each solar day was the same as that of the previous solar day. On Earth, this is not true. The difference is that our imaginary planet had a circular orbit, and Earth’s orbit isn’t perfectly circular – it’s close, but not exact.

    This is what the imaginary planet would look like with an elliptical orbit. Note: I do not show the rotation of the planet on its axis. Instead, I have a red vector arrow to represent the speed of the planet – the longer the arrow, the faster the planet is moving.

    Video: Rhett Allain

    Notice that as the planet gets closer to the sun, it speeds up. Then he slows down as he walks away. There are several ways to explain this phenomenon, but I will use the idea of ​​angular momentum.

    To be honest, the calculations needed to fully understand angular momentum can get a little ugly. So instead, I’m just going to explain that with a nice demo.

    A polar traveler will share his experiences in a conference in Wokingham – Wokingham.Today


    A MAN who traveled over 1,000 miles in the Polar Region and lived with Polar Eskimos for six months, will share some of his extraordinary journeys with an audience at Luckley House School Theatre.

    Alex Hibbert is a world record holder, having skied further in an arctic journey unassisted than anyone else in history.

    In his speech, Cold Journeys, Thoughts & Visuals, the audience will learn how, in July 2008, he completed his long journey of 1374 miles.

    It took him 113 days to make the return trip, which took him on a new ice cap route.

    He and his traveling teammate, George Bullard, received no resupply or physical support, and the pair ended the final week with almost nothing to eat.

    Voyages since then have seen him cross the ice cap at high speed, covering 330 miles in less than 12 days.

    And as part of an ongoing Dark Ice project over the North Pole in the winter, he spent months with the Polar Eskimos.

    Alex is a regular speaker and has written four books; The Long Haul, Maybe, Kalaallit Nunaat and Polar Eskimo.

    He has appeared on Sky News, BBC, Channel 4, FIVE and in guest columns at national newspapers.

    And he’s been a three-time BBC Wildlife Photographer of the Year finalist.

    Sir Ranulph Fiennes described him as groundbreaking and Wanderlust magazine said he was passionate and fascinating.

    People can hear him speak in Alex Hibbert: Cold Journeys, Thoughts & Visuals.

    This talk is given as part of the Luckley Lecture Series at the Whitty Theater in Wokingham.

    The event will take place on Thursday, September 8.

    Doors open at 7 p.m.

    For tickets and information log on to www.ticketsource.co.uk and search for Alex Hibbert.

    Melting glaciers in Pakistan have tripled production this year


    By Kara Fox | CNN and Reuters

    Pakistan is home to more glaciers than anywhere in the world outside of the polar regions, but as the climate warms it becomes more vulnerable to sudden outbursts of melting glaciers that have the power to cause widespread destruction. of his people.

    The country’s chief meteorologist has warned that this year alone Pakistan has seen triple the usual number of glacial lake outbursts – a sudden release of water from a lake fed by melting glaciers – which can cause catastrophic floods.

    Sardar Sarfaraz of Pakistan’s Meteorological Department said on Thursday there had been 16 such incidents in the northern region of Gilgit-Baltistan in 2022, compared to just five or six in previous years.

    “Such incidents occur after the melting of glaciers due to [a] increase in temperature,” Sarfaraz told Reuters, adding: “Climate change is the fundamental reason for such things.

    The melting of glaciers is one of the clearest and most visible signs of the climate crisis and one of its most direct consequences.

    It is not yet clear to what extent the current flood crisis in Pakistan could be linked to the melting ice. But unless global warming emissions are brought under control, Sarfaraz suggests that the country’s glaciers will continue to melt at high speed.

    “Global warming won’t stop until we reduce greenhouse gases and if global warming doesn’t stop, these effects of climate change will be on the increase,” he said.

    Pakistan is responsible for less than 1% of global warming gasesyet according to data from the European Union, it is the eighth most vulnerable country to the climate crisis, according to the Global Climate Risk Index.

    This vulnerability has been visible for months, with record monsoon rains and melting glaciers in the country’s northern mountains causing floods that have killed at least 1,191 people – including 399 children – since mid-June.

    New flood fears

    Southern Pakistan braced for further flooding on Thursday as a surge of water poured into the Indus River, adding to the devastation in a country a third of which is already inundated by the climate change-induced disaster.

    The United Nations has appealed for $160 million to help deal with what it called an “unprecedented climate catastrophe”.

    “We are on high alert as water arriving downstream from the northern floods is expected to enter the province over the next few days,” Sindh provincial government spokesman Murtaza Wahab told Reuters.

    Wahab said a flow of around 600,000 cubic feet per second is expected to swell the Indus, testing its flood defenses.

    Pakistan received almost 190% more rain than the 30-year average in the June to August quarter, totaling 390.7 mm (15.38 inches).

    Sindh, with a population of 50 million, was the hardest hit, receiving 466% more rain than the 30-year average.

    Parts of the province resemble an inland sea with only occasional patches of trees or raised roads breaking the surface of the murky floodwaters.

    Hundreds of families took refuge on the roads, the only land in sight for many of them.

    Villagers rushed to meet a Reuters news crew passing along a road near Dadu town on Thursday, begging for food or other aid.

    The floods washed away homes, businesses, infrastructure and roads. Growing and stored crops were destroyed and some two million acres (809,371 hectares) of farmland were flooded.

    The government says 33 million people, or 15% of the 220 million population, have been affected.

    The National Disaster Management Authority said some 480,030 people have been displaced and are being cared for in camps, but even those not forced to leave their homes are at risk.

    “More than three million children are in need of humanitarian assistance and are at increased risk of water-borne diseases, drowning and malnutrition due to the most severe floods in Pakistan’s recent history,” the official warned. United Nations children’s agency.

    The World Health Organization has said more than 6.4 million people are in urgent need of humanitarian aid.

    Aid began arriving in planes loaded with food, tents and medicine, mainly from China, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates.

    Aid agencies have asked the government to allow food imports from neighboring India, across a largely closed border that has for decades been a frontline of confrontation between nuclear-armed rivals .

    The government has not indicated its willingness to open the border to Indian food imports.

    Microbiologists study giant viruses in climate-threatened Arctic Lake Epishelf


    WASHINGTON, DC – Less than 800 km from the North Pole, Lake Milne Fiord Epishelf is a unique freshwater lake that floats above the Arctic Ocean, held in place only by a sheet of ice. The lake is dominated by single-celled organisms, including cyanobacteria, which are frequently infected with unusual “giant viruses.” Researchers from Laval University, Quebec, Canada have produced the first assessment of virus abundance in this lake. Research is published in Applied and environmental microbiologya journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

    Viruses are essential for understanding polar aquatic ecosystems because these ecosystems are dominated by single-celled microorganisms, which are frequently infected by viruses. These viruses and their diversity and distribution in Lake Milne Fiord have rarely been studied. The team is currently working on sequencing the giant viruses, an effort that will likely lead to understanding how the viruses influence the ecology of the lake through their interactions with the cyanobacteria they infect.

    Rapidly increasing temperatures limit the time left for microbiologists to develop a clear picture of the biodiversity and biogeochemical cycles of these ice-dependent environments, as well as the consequences of rapid and irreversible temperature changes. “The pack ice that holds the lake in place is deteriorating every year, and when it breaks, the lake will spill into the Arctic Ocean and be lost,” said corresponding author Alexander I. Culley.

    “Our results highlight the uniqueness of the viral community in the freshwater lake, compared to marine fjord water, particularly in the halocline community,” Culley said. The halocline is an area where the salinity drops rapidly as one goes up the water column. This environment provides niches for viruses and hosts that are found neither in freshwater layers nor in marine layers of uniform salinity, he said.

    The remote High Arctic lake could only be reached by helicopter, weather permitting. The research team collected water samples and sequenced all the DNA from the lake water, allowing them to identify viruses and microorganisms in it. The study establishes a foundation for advancing the understanding of viral ecology in various global environments, particularly in the High Arctic.

    “High bacterial abundance coupled with a possible prevalence of the lytic lifestyle at this depth suggests that viruses play an important role in biomass turnover,” said Mary Thaler, PhD, a member of Culley’s team at the ‘Laval University. The “lytic lifestyle” refers to the release of daughter viral particles when the host microbial cell is destroyed.

    The most dramatic change observed in Epishelf Lake in Milne Fiord has been a multi-year decline in the abundance of cyanobacteria. The researchers attributed the decline to increasing marine influence in the freshwater lake, “since cyanobacteria are very low in abundance in the Arctic Ocean,” they wrote.

    Nevertheless, the details of this ecosystem remain obscure, as so far most of its viruses are only known through fragments of their sequences. So, in most cases, scientists don’t yet know how viruses influence the microbes they infect, or which viruses inhabit which microbes.

    – This press release originally appeared on the American Society for Microbiology website

    Greenland cuts tourism as icebergs melt


    As travelers flock to Greenland in droves to admire its breathtaking icebergs and natural beauty, authorities are considering ways to control tourism to protect the fragile environment, already threatened by global warming.

    “It’s a dream destination,” said Yves Gleyze, an off-the-beaten-track French tourism veteran in his 60s, as he arrived at Ilulissat airport.

    Visitors to the third largest city in the Danish Autonomous Territory are greeted by a rugged, austere landscape of gray rocks and sparse vegetation.

    But mesmerizing sights of massive icebergs appear after a short drive.

    Breaking away from the Ilulissat Glacier in the nearby fjord, the majestic chunks of ice slowly drift into Disko Bay, with occasional whale sightings. The postcard views attracted 50,000 tourists in 2021, more than 10 times the city’s population. More than half make only a short pit stop while cruising in the Arctic.

    The numbers are set to swell with the opening of an international airport within the next two years, a welcome boost to the island’s revenue but also a challenge, given the delicate – and molten – ecosystem.

    Greenland is treading lightly on tourism now that its icebergs are melting. (Image: Tina Rolf/Unsplash)

    Controlling tourism as icebergs get smaller in Greenland

    Over the past 40 years, the Arctic has warmed almost four times faster than the rest of the planet, according to a recent scientific study.

    “We can see changes caused by climate change every day: the icebergs are getting smaller, the glacier is receding,” Mayor Palle Jeremiassen said.

    Permafrost thaw also threatens the stability of some buildings and infrastructure.

    With the pristine landscape so coveted by tourists changing, authorities are determined to protect it without distracting tourists. “We want to control the arrival of tourist ships here,” Jeremiassen said, noting the risks posed by highly polluting ships.

    In order to protect the environment and the community, Ilulissat should only accommodate “a maximum of one ship per day, a maximum of one thousand tourists per ship”, he said.

    Recently, three cruise ships arrived on the same day, vomiting 6,000 visitors.

    greenland tourist icebergs
    Ilulissat, Greenland. (Image: Aningaaq Rosing Carlsen/Visit Greenland/Unsplash)

    Jeremiassen said the city’s infrastructure is not designed to accommodate such numbers, nor is it able to ensure that tourists respect protected areas, especially in the fjord.

    Neighboring Iceland, where the tourism industry has been thriving for two decades, is an example of how not to do things, he insisted. “We don’t want to be like Iceland. We don’t want mass tourism. We want to control tourism here. This is the key we must find.

    Anglers feel the impact

    Greenland has been self-governing since 2009 but hopes to one day gain full independence from Denmark.

    For that, it would have to do without the Copenhagen subsidies, which currently represent a third of its budget. She still has to find a way to stand on her feet financially, and for now, her main natural resource is the sea.

    In Ilulissat, one in three inhabitants lives from fishing, which accounts for most of Greenland’s income. But climate change has a big impact.

    “When I was young, we had pack ice that we could walk on,” said Lars Noasen, the captain of a sightseeing boat as he skilfully navigated between iceberg debris in Disko Bay. “Now the sea ice isn’t as solid. You can’t use it for anything, you can’t dog sled on the ice and fish like the good old days.

    greenland iceberg tourism
    Changing ice conditions affected fishermen. (Photo: Frank Busch/Unsplash)

    Over the past two decades, the massive Greenland Ice Sheet has lost 4.7 trillion tonnes of ice, alone contributing to a sea level rise of 1.2 centimeters, according to Danish researchers from the Arctic.

    The disappearance of the ice has affected fishermen. “The ice conditions are changing. The main fjord used to be closed off by huge icebergs and pack ice and they (fishermen) couldn’t navigate before,” said Sascha Schiott, a researcher at the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources.

    Now they can. Boats can also fish all year round now, which has increased catches for fishermen.

    But the size of the fish they catch has declined, largely due to overfishing, Schiott says.

    Ejner Inusgtuk, a rock-faced fisherman preparing his lines in the harbour, disagreed and said climate change was to blame. “The climate is too hot.”

    This story was published via AFP Relaxnews

    (Main and featured image: Odd Andersen/ AFP)

    Investigation of giant viruses in a climate-threatened arctic freshwater lake


    Less than 500 miles from the North Pole, Lake Milne Fiord Epishelf is a unique freshwater lake that floats above the Arctic Ocean, held in place only by a sheet of ice. The lake is dominated by single-celled organisms, including cyanobacteria, which are frequently infected with unusual “giant viruses.” Researchers from Laval University, Quebec, Canada have produced the first assessment of virus abundance in this lake. The research is published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

    Viruses are essential for understanding polar aquatic ecosystems because these ecosystems are dominated by single-celled microorganisms, which are frequently infected by viruses. These viruses, and their diversity and distribution in Lake Milne Fiord, have rarely been studied. The team is currently working on sequencing the giant viruses, an effort that will likely lead to understanding how the viruses influence the ecology of the lake through their interactions with the cyanobacteria they infect.

    Rapidly increasing temperatures limit the time left for microbiologists to develop a clear picture of the biodiversity and biogeochemical cycles of these ice-dependent environments, as well as the consequences of rapid and irreversible temperature changes. “The pack ice that holds the lake in place is deteriorating every year, and when it breaks, the lake will spill into the Arctic Ocean and be lost,” said corresponding author Alexander I. Culley.

    “Our results highlight the uniqueness of the viral community in the freshwater lake, compared to marine fjord water, particularly in the halocline community,” Culley said. The halocline is an area where the salinity drops rapidly as one goes up the water column. According to Culley, this environment provides niches for viruses and hosts that are found neither in freshwater layers nor in marine layers of uniform salinity.

    The remote High Arctic lake could only be reached by helicopter, weather permitting. The research team collected water samples and sequenced all the DNA from the lake water, allowing them to identify viruses and microorganisms in it. The study establishes a foundation for advancing the understanding of viral ecology in various global environments, particularly in the High Arctic.

    “High bacterial abundance coupled with a possible prevalence of the lytic lifestyle at this depth suggests that viruses play an important role in biomass turnover,” said team member Mary Thaler, Ph.D. Culley at Laval University. The “lytic lifestyle” refers to the release of daughter viral particles when the host microbial cell is destroyed.

    The most dramatic change observed in Epishelf Lake in Milne Fiord has been a multi-year decline in the abundance of cyanobacteria. The researchers attributed the decline to increasing marine influence in the freshwater lake, “since cyanobacteria are very low in abundance in the Arctic Ocean,” they wrote.

    Nevertheless, the details of this ecosystem remain obscure, as so far most of its viruses are only known through fragments of their sequences. So, in most cases, scientists don’t yet know how viruses influence the microbes they infect, or which viruses inhabit which microbes.

    Reference: Labbé M, Thaler M, Pitot TM, Rapp JZ, Vincent WF, Culley AI. The climate-threatened Arctic Epishelf Lake harbors viral assemblages with distinct genetic repertoires. Appl Env Microphone. 2022;0(0):e00228-22. doi:10.1128/aem.00228-22

    This article was republished from the following documents. Note: Material may have been edited for length and content. For more information, please contact the quoted source.

    Things to Consider Before Applying for an Online Payday Loan with Guaranteed Approval


    Although they can be unsettling, unexpected financial emergencies don’t have to destroy your week. You may even be able to solve your financial crisis on your lunch break with the quick and easy funding of instant payday loans. Payday loans are good for people with less than perfect credit or those who don’t want the hassle of a typical bank loan, but before you get one you should read on for an overview. Learn more about how these loans work and if they’re right for you.

    How do payday loans work?

    Payday loans are small up-front loans with high interest rates that must be repaid within a few weeks. These loans are for customers who need cash fast to get them “until payday”. Although applying and instantly receive money from payday lenders is quick and easy, they often charge high interest rates in exchange for their convenience and looser credit standards.

    What are the necessary processes of a payday loan

    Once your payday loan application is granted, your lender will ask you to complete some simple documentation, which you can usually do online while relaxing in the comfort of your home. In order to collect your money, you must also provide your bank account details.

    Your loan repayment terms vary depending on the lender and loan amount, although some payday lenders want full repayment of principal plus interest within 2-4 weeks. For example, if you borrowed $300, your lender can arrange an automatic withdrawal of $340 from your bank account two weeks later (the original principal plus interest and fees). Your lender could set up automatic payments every two weeks until the debt is paid off for larger loan amounts. Sometimes you may be able to send your money by post, but that’s the exception, not the rule.

    What are the fees for getting loans from online payday lenders

    You might encounter a variety of fees when looking for payday loans that add to the principal of the loan. A small application fee is to be expected, especially if your lender requests a background check. In order to pay the administrative costs of processing and managing your loan, the majority of lenders additionally impose an origination fee, which can be either a flat fee or a percentage of the requested loan amount.

    Some lenders also charge fees that can be avoided and are only relevant in specific circumstances. For example, you may be charged late fees if you miss a loan repayment. If you prepay your loan, some lenders will also charge a prepayment fee. If you choose to renew your loan at the end of a payment cycle, some lenders may charge a renewal fee. Make sure you have a loan repayment plan and adhere to repayment terms as closely as possible. These fees increase your overall cost of borrowing and should be avoided if possible.

    What are the necessary steps before applying for a payday loan?

    Payday loans are popular because they usually offer quick funding and are easy to obtain. Payday loans unfortunately have a bad reputation due to their accessibility, especially when consumers do not do adequate research beforehand. Before submitting an application, you should always check the following points to ensure that this type of loan is right for you:

    The right type of loan must be chosen – KashPilot instant payday loans are a very specific type of financial product, but some companies sell items called “payday loans” that don’t quite fit the description. For example, some companies might need you to post collateral to secure the loan, putting your own property at risk. Before you apply, be aware of the specifics of your loan.

    Consider your alternative options. – Not all borrowers are good candidates for payday loans. Consider options such as getting a second job, using credit cards, or borrowing from friends or relatives if you need a quick cash injection to get out of trouble. dead end.

    Check the lender’s requirements. Income verification standards, credit scores, loan amounts and repayment terms vary by lender. Make sure the lender’s requirements can meet your loan needs before submitting an application.

    Payday lenders must follow these rules, which aim to end predatory lending practices that prey on low-income families. Learn about these rules and make sure your lender follows any state regulations that may be relevant.

    What are the basic requirements for applying for a loan online

    Lenders are required to comply with state regulations since instant payday loans are regulated at the state level. As a result, the qualifications required to obtain a payday loan differ from lender to lender and from state to state. However, in general, lenders require a few basic things to qualify for a loan:

    • Age – The borrower must be at least 18 years old to be bound by the personal loan agreement.
    • Active checking account (credit score) – Many payday lenders prefer to deposit your loan proceeds directly into your checking account rather than processing cash or issuing checks for the original loan amount. Additionally, many lenders require your loan payments to be automatically deducted from the same account.
    • Income Verification – Location-specific income requirements apply, but lenders always want to see documentation showing your ability to repay the loan when it comes due. Although it does not necessarily come from a regular job, this income must be reliable and recurring.
    • Address, contact details (phone and email) Your lender will need a way to reach you if you don’t make your payments on time. A reliable home address, phone number and email address are required. Many lenders will also ask for names and addresses of references.

    How are the possible reasons for your rejection possible?

    Although the standards for payday loans are more flexible than those for traditional loans, lenders will still reject loan applications if they believe there is a significant risk of default. Your application may have been rejected due to:

    • You are unemployed or have a meager income. Lenders may reject your application if your income is insufficient to pay both your loan repayments and your basic living expenses, as they fear they will not be repaid.
    • You currently have or have recently taken out a payday loan – Each state has its own restrictions, but the majority of them only allow borrowers to have an outstanding payday loan. Borrowers are often limited to $500 to $1,000 in loans at any one time in places where many payday loans are legal.
    • You owe too much money right now. Lenders would likely consider your current obligations to determine your ability to repay, as they don’t place much emphasis on your credit ratings. Lenders might not be willing to accept this risk if you have too much current debt relative to your income (also known as your debt-to-income ratio).

    How to apply online for a payday loan at Payday Depot

    Once you have determined that KashPilot Instant payday loan is the best course of action for your financial situation, you can often submit your application right away and get cash the next day. Get a payday loan by doing the following:

    • Complete the loan application form: Many reputable payday lenders offer a short loan application that you can submit online at a time that is most convenient for you. To ensure the smooth running of the application procedure, bring your identity documents and proof of income.
    • Receive and compare offers. You are not required to accept a loan even if you are licensed as there are many payday lenders. If you use a loan matching tool like Payday Depot to shop around, you can get multiple offers from multiple banks. Choose the option that best suits your needs by comparing them based on interest rates, loan amounts and repayment terms.
    • Once you have chosen the best offer, you must sign the loan conditions, complete all remaining documents and provide your bank details. Often you can do this online using a secure web gateway without having to go to an actual office.
    • Get your money – Within 24 hours, the majority of lenders will deposit your funds directly into your bank account. Ask your lender for an estimated time frame as part of the application process. Depending on their policies, some lenders allow same-day deposits, while others may require 2-3 business days.

    Julie Snearl

    Senior Personal Finance Writer at KashPilot

    An editor and writer for over a decade, writing and editing finance for national technical and mainstream readership, Julia Snearl is the Personal Finance Editor in KashPilot. His experience in business book publishing also includes working as graphics editor of Ahead of the Curve. With over 3 years of experience editing content for finance on KashPilot, Julie is interested in learning how to use digital content to help people make better financial choices.

    The best-case scenario for the Greenland Ice Sheet is pretty horrific


    I stand at the edge of the Greenland ice cap, mesmerized by a breathtaking scene of natural destruction. A mile-wide section of the ice front has fractured and is collapsing into the ocean, calving a huge iceberg.

    Seracs, giant columns of ice the height of three-storey houses, are thrown like dice. And the previously submerged part of this huge block of glacial ice has just broken through the ocean – a foaming maelstrom hurling ice cubes several tons high into the air. The resulting tsunami inundates everything in its path as it radiates from the calving front of the glacier.

    Luckily, I’m watching from a cliff a few miles away. But even here, I can feel the tremors through the ground.

    Despite the spectacle, I am fully aware that this means even more bad news for the world’s low coasts.

    As a field glaciologist, I have worked on ice sheets for over 30 years. During this time, I have witnessed impressive changes. The last few years in particular have been troubling because of the speed and magnitude of the changes taking place. My revered textbooks taught me that ice sheets react on millennial timescales, but that’s not what we see today.

    A study published on August 29, 2022 demonstrates, for the first time, that the Greenland Ice Sheet is now so out of balance with the prevailing Arctic climate that it can no longer maintain its current size. It is irreversibly committed to retreating at least 59,000 square kilometers (22,780 square miles), an area considerably larger than Denmark, the protectorate state of Greenland.

    Even if all greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming cease today, we find that loss of ice from Greenland at current temperatures will raise global sea levels by at least 10.8 inches. (27.4 centimeters). This is more than predicted by current models, and it is a very conservative estimate. If every year were like 2012, when Greenland experienced a heat wave, this irreversible commitment to sea level rise would triple. This is an ominous omen given that these are climatic conditions we have seen before, not a hypothetical future scenario.

    Our study takes a completely new approach – it is based on observations and glaciological theory rather than sophisticated numerical models. The current generation of coupled climate and ice sheet models used to predict future sea level rise fail to capture the emerging processes that we believe are amplifying Greenland’s ice loss.

    An iceberg floats in Baffin Bay in the Arctic Ocean July 20, 2022 near Pituffik, Greenland.

    Kerem Yucel/AFP via Getty

    The Greenland Ice Sheet is a massive, frozen reservoir that looks like an inverted bowl of pudding. The ice is in constant flux, flowing from the interior – where it is more than 3 kilometers thick, cold and snowy – to its edges, where the ice melts or forms banks.

    In total, the ice sheet locks in enough fresh water to raise global sea level by 24 feet (7.4 meters).

    Greenland’s land ice has been around for about 2.6 million years and has expanded and contracted with about 20 “ice age” cycles lasting 70,000 or 100,000 years, punctuated by warm interglacials about 10,000 years old. Each glacier is driven by changes in the Earth’s orbit that modulate the amount of solar radiation reaching the Earth’s surface. These variations are then reinforced by the reflectivity of the snow, or albedo; atmospheric greenhouse gases; and the ocean circulation which redistributes this heat around the planet.

    We are currently living in an interglacial period, the Holocene. For 6,000 years, Greenland, like the rest of the planet, has enjoyed a mild and stable climate with an ice cap in balance, until recently. Since 1990, as the atmosphere and ocean have warmed due to rapidly increasing greenhouse gas emissions, Greenland’s mass balance has turned red. Ice losses from increased melting, rain, ice flow and calving now far exceed the net gain from snow accumulation.

    The key questions are: how fast is Greenland losing its ice and what does this mean for future sea level rise?

    Greenland’s ice loss has contributed about 0.04 inches (1 millimeter) per year to global sea level rise over the past decade.

    This net loss is split between surface melting and dynamical processes that accelerate outlet glacier flow and are greatly exacerbated by atmospheric and oceanic warming, respectively. Although complex in its manifestation, the concept is simple: ice caps don’t like hot weather or baths, and the heat is on.

    What the future will bring is harder to answer.

    Models used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predict a contribution to Greenland’s sea level rise of about 4 inches (10 centimeters) by 2100, with a worst-case scenario of 6 inches (15 centimeters).

    But this prediction is at odds with what field scientists observe from the ice sheet itself.

    According to our findings, Greenland will lose at least 3.3% of its ice, or more than 100 trillion metric tons. This loss is already underway – the ice that must melt and calve icebergs to restore Greenland’s balance with the prevailing climate.

    We observe many emerging processes that are not captured by models and that increase the vulnerability of the ice sheet. For instance:

    • The increase in rain accelerates the melting of the surface and the flow of the ice.
    • Large areas of the ice surface undergo bio-albedo darkening, which accelerates surface melting, as well as the impact of melting and refreezing snow on the surface. These darker surfaces absorb more solar radiation, resulting in even more melting.
    • Warm ocean currents of subtropical origin enter Greenland fjords and rapidly erode outlet glaciers, undermining and destabilizing their calving fronts.
    • Supraglacial lakes and river systems drain into fractures and mills, bringing with them large amounts of latent heat. This “cryo-hydraulic heating” within and at the base of the ice sheet softens and thaws the bed, thereby accelerating the interior ice flow to the margins.

    Part of the problem is that the models used for predictions are mathematical abstractions that only include processes that are fully understood, quantifiable and deemed important.

    Meltwater flows from the Greenland Ice Sheet into Baffin Bay.

    Kerem Yucel/AFP via Getty

    Models reduce reality to a set of equations that are solved over and over on very fast computer benches. Anyone interested in advanced engineering, including me, knows the intrinsic value of models for experimenting and testing ideas. But they do not replace reality and observation. It is evident that current global sea level rise model predictions underestimate its real threat in the 21st century. Developers are making constant improvements, but it’s tricky, and you realize that the complex models used for long-term sea level forecasting aren’t fit for purpose.

    There are also “unknown unknowns”, those processes and feedbacks that we don’t yet realize and that models can never anticipate. They can only be understood by direct observation and literally by drilling into the ice.

    Therefore, rather than using models, we base our study on proven glaciological theory constrained by two decades of actual measurements from weather stations, satellites, and ice geophysics.

    It is an understatement that the societal stakes are high and the risk is tragically real in the future. The consequences of catastrophic coastal flooding with sea level rise are still unimaginable for the majority of the one billion people who live in the low-lying coastal areas of the planet.

    Personally, I remain hopeful that we can get on the right track. I do not believe we have passed a catastrophic tipping point that is irreversibly flooding the shores of the planet. From what I understand of the ice sheet and the information our new study provides, it is not too late to act.

    But fossil fuels and emissions need to be cut now, because time is running out and the water is rising faster than expected.

    Alun Hubbard is Professor of Glaciology and Arctic Five Chair at the University of Tromsø

    Investigation of heat movement near the North Pole and under Arctic sea ice


    Sea ice levels in the Arctic Ocean are declining rapidly, thanks to global warming. Now, to understand and predict ice growth and decay, researchers from Japan and collaborating countries conducted a survey in the Arctic Ocean to study the influence of ocean heat on sea ice in the boundary layer. ice-ocean. Their findings provide insight into the mechanisms of Arctic sea ice decline to make accurate future predictions of global climate.

    Sea ice (a term for ice that is not attached to the shore) in the Arctic Ocean is currently at an all-time low, due to global warming. Scientists have previously attempted to study the ice in this region; however, due to its constant movement by strong surface winds and ocean currents, it is difficult to continuously monitor it.

    The growth and breakdown of sea ice can be influenced by the interaction of drift ice and the near-surface ocean layer, where turbulent heat and salt fluctuations govern ice formation. Turbulence at the ice-ocean boundary layer (IOBL), which is the transition zone between sea ice and seawater, is also shaped by freshwater intrusion from the melting of the sea ​​ice and the physical exclusion of brine during ice formation. Although some research has been conducted on the mechanisms of sea ice formation, the combined effect of mechanical forces and buoyancy on this process remains poorly understood.

    Now, a joint team of researchers from the University of Tokyo, Hokkaido University and the National Polar Research Institute have used data collected during the international ship-based MOSAiC observation expedition. , to examine the arctic IOBL as it transitioned from melting to refreezing in real time. The team was led by Dr. Yusuke Kawaguchi of the University of Tokyo’s Institute of Atmospheric and Oceanic Research and included Dr. Daiki Nomura of Hokkaido University and Dr. Jun Inoue of the National Research Institute polar.

    “Due to the complex patterns of heat and energy transfer, the physics of cold oceans is complicated. Our goal was to quantify the thermodynamic growth and decay of sea ice while incorporating the effects of heat exchange and salt with near-surface water due to turbulent forces,” says Kawaguchi about his motivation to complete this work. The team’s findings were published in the Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans.

    The team combined various datasets, including observations of air, sea ice and ocean properties from the sea ice. These were collected during the final stage of the MOSAiC study, which was an international project undertaken to study the climate, ocean and sea ice characteristics of the Arctic Ocean.

    From their investigation, the team concluded that the current Arctic sea ice was more likely to melt in summer and freeze in autumn and early winter than before. Asked about the main discoveries, Kawaguchi, the lead author, talks about the characteristics of seawater and sea ice that are responsible for this fascinating phenomenon. “Our first finding was that in summer, strong winds cause water to mix where the ice and ocean meet. We were able to show that the enhanced heat transfer occurs just below the ice. of sea”, he explains.

    Their second discovery concerns the drop in salinity of seawater when it mixes with the melting water of the pack ice. “As meltwater accumulates under the sea ice, the salinity of the seawater decreases and then the freezing temperature increases. This ends the melting of sea ice at an earlier time because the water becomes easier to freeze. Kawaguchi said.

    The team is excited about the implications of their findings for the field of polar oceanography, particularly in the context of climate change. Currently, the team is developing a device that simultaneously measures sea ice movement and salinity at IOBL, in the hope that it will collect more data to paint a clearer picture of sea ice fluctuations. Arctic.

    “The extent of Arctic sea ice can affect regional climate in remote locations, such as Japan, via atmospheric disturbances. We believe that studying sea ice will allow us to better predict future changes in Earth’s climate” , concludes Kawaguchi.

    – This press release was provided by the Information and Systems Research Organization

    $230 Billion Needed by 2030 to Implement National Climate Change Action Plan


    said the Minister of the Environment; requests the cooperation of the United Kingdom

    Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change Shahab Uddin. File photo


    Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change Shahab Uddin. File photo

    Environment, Forestry and Climate Change Minister Shahab Uddin said today (28 August) that Bangladesh needs $230 billion by 2030 to implement various climate change activities. climate change.

    Under the new National Action Plan on Climate Change, the minister said, a total of 113 types of activities have been identified in eight thematic areas.

    For all the latest news, follow the Daily Star’s Google News channel.

    Certainly, the government of Bangladesh will mobilize domestic resources to implement these activities, he said.

    “But, without international and bilateral support, it would be very difficult for us to implement and achieve climate resilience,” the minister said.

    We look forward to the $100 billion in funding committed by developed countries to fight climate change.

    Shahab Uddin said so in the ministry’s conference room as a delegation led by British High Commissioner to Bangladesh Robert Chatterton Dickson visited him.

    Britain will provide necessary assistance to Bangladesh in related activities to combat the effects of climate change, medical waste management and research, Dickson said.

    Referring to Bangladesh and Britain as very close allies, the British high commissioner also said Britain’s ongoing cooperation will continue at an increasing pace.

    Lake County News, CA – Space News: NASA’s Artemis 1 mission to the Moon is paving the way for routine space exploration beyond Earth orbit – here’s what to expect and why it matters

    NASA returns to the Moon. Nasa

    NASA’s Artemis 1 mission is about to take a key step towards getting humans back to the Moon after a half-century hiatus. The mission, slated for launch Monday, August 29, 2022, is a shakedown — uncrewed — cruise for NASA’s Space Launch System and Orion Crew capsule.

    The spacecraft must go to the Moon, deploy a few small satellites, and then settle into orbit. NASA aims to train in the use of the spacecraft, test the conditions crews will encounter on and around the Moon, and assure everyone that the spacecraft and all occupants can return to Earth safely.

    The Conversation asked Jack Burns, professor and space scientist at the University of Colorado at Boulder and former member of NASA’s Presidential Transition Team, to describe the mission, explain what the Artemis program promises to do for space exploration and to reflect on how the space program has changed in the half-century since man last set foot on the lunar surface.

    How is Artemis 1 different from other regularly launched rockets?

    Artemis 1 will be the first flight of the new space launch system. It is a “heavy” vehicle, as NASA calls it. It will be the most powerful rocket engine ever sent into space, even more powerful than Apollo’s Saturn V system that took astronauts to the Moon in the 1960s and 1970s.

    It is a new type of rocket system, as it has both a combination of liquid oxygen and hydrogen main engines and two strapped solid rocket boosters derived from the Space Shuttle. It’s really a hybrid between the Space Shuttle and Apollo’s Saturn V rocket.

    The tests are very important, because the Orion Crew Capsule will be the subject of a real training. He will be in the space environment of the Moon, a high radiation environment, for a month. And, very importantly, it will test the heat shield, which protects the capsule and its occupants, as it returns to Earth at 25,000 miles per hour. This will be the fastest capsule re-entry since Apollo, so it is very important that the heat shield works well.

    This mission will also embark a series of small satellites which will be placed in orbit around the Moon. These will do useful precursor science, ranging from further research into permanently shadowed craters where scientists think there is water to simply making more measurements of the radiation environment, seeing what will be the effects on humans for long term exposure.

    A diagram showing the earth, the moon, and the flight path of a spacecraft
    The plan is for Artemis 1 to lift off, travel to the Moon, deploy satellites, orbit the Moon, return to Earth, safely enter the atmosphere, and dive into the ocean. Nasa

    What is the goal of the Artemis project? What happens in the series of launches?

    The mission is a first step towards Artemis 3, which will lead to the first human missions to the Moon in the 21st century and the first since 1972. Artemis 1 is an uncrewed test flight.

    Artemis 2, slated for launch a few years later, will have astronauts on board. It will also be an orbital mission, much like Apollo 8, which circled the Moon and returned home. Astronauts will spend more time in orbit around the Moon and test it all out with a human crew.

    And, finally, it will lead to a journey to the surface of the Moon in which Artemis 3 – in the middle of the decade – will meet the SpaceX Starship and the transfer crew. Orion will remain in orbit and the lunar ship will take astronauts to the surface. They will go to the south pole of the Moon to observe an area that scientists have not yet explored to study water ice there.

    Artemis recalls Apollo. What has changed in half a century?

    The Apollo Reason that Kennedy originally envisioned was to beat the Soviet Union to the Moon. The administration didn’t particularly care about space travel or the moon itself, but it represented a bold goal that would clearly put America at the forefront in terms of space and technology.

    The downside of doing this is the old adage “You live by the sword, you die by the sword”. When the United States landed on the moon, the game was pretty much over. We beat the Russians. So we put up flags and did science experiments. But fairly soon after Apollo 11, after a few more missions, Richard Nixon canceled the program because the political goals had been achieved.

    a large rocket with two thrusters attached to its sides standing between two massive gantries
    NASA’s new space launch system is here moved from the rocket assembly building to a launch pad. Nasa

    So, fast forward 50 years. It’s a very different environment. We’re not doing this to beat the Russians or the Chinese or anyone else, but to begin sustainable exploration beyond Earth’s orbit.

    The Artemis program is guided by a number of different objectives. This includes in-situ resource utilization, which means using available resources like water ice and lunar soil to produce food, fuel, and building materials.

    The program is also helping to establish a lunar and space economy, starting with entrepreneurs, as SpaceX is fully part of this first mission to the surface of the Moon. NASA does not own the Starship but buys seats to allow astronauts to go to the surface. SpaceX will then use the Starship for other purposes – to transport other payloads, private astronauts and astronauts from other countries.

    Fifty years of technological development means that going to the Moon is now much cheaper and more technologically feasible, and much more sophisticated experiences are possible when just understanding computer technology. These 50 years of technological advances have completely changed the game. Almost anyone with the financial resources can send spacecraft to the moon now, but not necessarily with humans.

    NASA’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services uses private companies to build uncrewed landers to go to the Moon. My colleagues and I have a radio telescope going to the Moon on one of the landers in January. This simply would not have been possible even 10 years ago.

    Artemis is an ambitious program, but technology has advanced tremendously in the past 50 years since humans first landed on the moon.

    What other changes does Artemis have in store?

    The administration said that on this first crewed flight, on Artemis 3, there will be at least one woman and most likely one person of color. They can be identical. There may be several.

    I can’t wait to see more of that diversity, because today’s young kids watching NASA can say, “Hey, there’s an astronaut who looks just like me.” I can do it. I can be part of the space program.The conversation

    Jack Burns, professor of astrophysical and planetary sciences, University of Colorado Boulder

    This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

    US to Appoint Arctic Ambassador to Russia and China | New


    ‘Critical strategic importance’, US says as Russia reopens hundreds of Soviet-era military sites in region and China describes itself as a ‘near Arctic’ state.

    The United States plans to appoint a roving ambassador for the Arctic, reflecting the region’s growing strategic and commercial importance as melting ice opens up new shipping lanes and vast oil and mineral resources.

    “A peaceful, stable, prosperous, and cooperative Arctic region is of critical strategic importance to the United States,” the US State Department said.

    “As one of eight Arctic nations, the United States has long been committed to protecting our national security and economic interests in the region, combating climate change, fostering development and ‘sustainable investment and to promote cooperation with Arctic states, allies and partners’, it said.

    The eight Arctic nations are Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia and the United States.

    Russia has reopened hundreds of Soviet-era military sites in the region, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said on Friday, a day after his visit to the Arctic, saying Russian capabilities there represented a strategic challenge for the 30-nation alliance.

    “Polar Silk Road”

    Russia’s February 24 invasion of Ukraine, which Moscow calls a “special military operation,” has heightened Western concerns about Russian ambitions around the world.

    China, which describes itself as a “close to the Arctic” state, also has ambitions in the region and has announced its intention to build a “polar silk road”. China has its eye on mineral resources and new shipping routes as ice caps recede with rising temperatures.

    In a statement on Friday, the State Department said President Joe Biden plans to increase the region’s prominence in the U.S. government by appointing a Goodwill Ambassador for the Arctic region, subject to advice and with the consent of the Senate.

    He did not specify who would be named.

    “The High North is strategically important for Euro-Atlantic security,” Stoltenberg told a news conference at an air base in Canada, noting that with Finland and Sweden joining, seven of the eight Arctic states will be members of NATO.

    “The shortest route to North America for Russian missiles and bombers would be over the North Pole,” he warned. “This makes the role of NORAD vital for North America and therefore also for NATO.”

    NORAD is the North American Aerospace Defense Command, a Canadian-American organization.

    “Challenge our values”

    Stoltenberg also expressed concerns about China’s reach in the Arctic for shipping and resource exploration, with plans to build the world’s largest fleet of icebreakers.

    “Beijing and Moscow are committed to intensifying practical cooperation in the Arctic. This is part of the deepening strategic partnership that challenges our values ​​and interests,” Stoltenberg said.

    NATO, he said, must respond with an increased presence in the High North and investment in new capabilities.

    He noted that climate change posed new “security challenges” that required a fundamental overhaul of NATO’s Arctic posture.

    “Climate change is making the Far North more important because the ice is melting and it is becoming more accessible for both economic activity and military activity,” he explained.

    Flock of fuzzy green ‘glacier mice’ baffles scientists


    Ok, I can’t be the first person who saw this 2020 NPR coin and I immediately thought of the trolls of Frozenright?

    Anyway, those glacier moss balls are still a bit of an enigma. Scientists have been tracking their movements and lifespan more closely over the past two decades to get a better idea of ​​how they fit into the ecosystem as a whole. And while there’s no satisfying answer yet, they’ve been able to rule out a few explanations.

    In 2006, while hiking around Root Glacier in Alaska to set up scientific instruments, researcher Tim Bartholomaus encountered something unexpected.

    “What is that thing!” Bartholome remembers thinking. He is a glaciologist at the University of Idaho.

    Scattered across the glacier were balls of foam. “They’re not attached to anything and they’re just resting there on the ice,” he says. “They are bright green in a world of white.”

    Going through the prepared newsletter

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    Florida Digital Lending Market Report: Trends, Forecasts and Competitive Analysis 2022-2030 | Social Finance


    Florida Digital Lending Market

    OREGAON, PORTLAND, USA, August 26, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — Allied Market Research released a report titled “Florida Digital Lending Market By loan type (payday loans, personal loans, and SME loans), provider type (banks, credit unions, FinTech institutions, and others), loan amount (less than $500, $500-$4,999, $5,000-$10,000 and 10,000+), End User (Individuals, Entrepreneurs, and SMEs): Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2020-2027”.

    The report offers an in-depth analysis of drivers and opportunities, key segments, major investment pockets, competitive landscape, and value chain. These data, statistics and information will prove useful to market participants, shareholders, new entrants and investors to have market insights and adopt various growth strategies.

    @ https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/request-sample/11457

    The research provides a comprehensive analysis of the Florida Digital Lending Market drivers, restraints, and opportunities. This information is valuable for identifying driving factors, highlighting them and implementing strategies to help achieve sustainable growth. Additionally, market players, investors, and startups can use this information to determine new opportunities, explore market potential, and gain competitive advantage.

    The report provides a detailed impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Florida digital loan market. This information will help market participants, investors and others to change their strategies accordingly to deal with the pandemic and stay in the market.

    Key market segments include:

    By type of loan
    • Payday loans
    • Personal loans
    • Loans focused on SMEs

    By type of supplier
    • Banks
    • Credit unions
    • FinTech Institutions
    • Others

    By loan amount
    • Less than $500
    • $500 to $4,999
    • $5,000 to $10,000
    • Over 10,000

    Per end user
    • People
    • Contractors
    • SMEs

    A detailed analysis of each segment and sub-segment is provided in the report. Tabular and graphical formats are used to allow better understanding. This analysis is valuable in identifying the most dynamic and revenue-generating segments. It will help market players adopt various strategies to achieve sustainable growth.

    Customization request @ https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/request-for-customization/11457?reqfor=covid

    Main benefits for stakeholders
    • This report provides a quantitative analysis of market segments, current trends, estimates and dynamics of the 20WW-20MM Operating Room Equipment market analysis to identify current opportunities in the equipment market of operating room.
    • Market research is offered with information related to key drivers, restraints and opportunities.
    • Porter’s Five Forces analysis highlights the ability of buyers and suppliers to enable stakeholders to make profit-driven business decisions and strengthen their supplier-buyer network.
    • In-depth analysis of operating room equipment market segmentation helps to determine existing market opportunities.
    • Major countries in each region are mapped according to their contribution to market revenue.
    • Positioning of market players facilitates benchmarking and provides a clear understanding of the current position of players in the Florida digital loans market.
    • The report includes analysis of regional and operating room equipment market trends, key players, market segments, application areas and growth strategies of the Florida digital lending market.

    Interested potential key market players can inquire for purchase of the report at: https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/purchase-enquiry/11457

    The report offers a detailed analysis of key market players operating in the Florida digital lending market. Key market players analyzed in the report include Ally Financial Inc., Credible, Florida Credit Union, LendingPoint LLC, Navy Federal Credit Union, Social Finance, Inc., Suncoast Credit Union, TD Bank, NA, VyStar Credit Union, and WELLS FARGO . . They have implemented various strategies including new product launches, mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, collaborations, expansions, partnerships and others to achieve growth and gain an international presence.

    Adoption of the digital loan market in Florida has increased significantly in recent years due to its usefulness and efficiency. With the rapid advancements in technology, the application areas of the Florida digital loan market are expanding into various fields. The research offers a comprehensive analysis of the Florida Digital Lending market drivers, restraints, and opportunities.

    About Us:
    Allied Market Research (AMR) is a full-service market research and business consulting division of Allied Analytics LLP based in Portland, Oregon. Allied Market Research provides global corporations as well as small and medium enterprises with unparalleled quality of “Market Research Reports” and “Business Intelligence Solutions”. AMR has a focused vision to provide business insights and advice to help its clients make strategic business decisions and achieve sustainable growth in their respective market area.

    Pawan Kumar, CEO of Allied Market Research, leads the organization in delivering high quality data and insights. We maintain professional relationships with various companies which helps us to extract market data which helps us to generate accurate research data tables and confirm the utmost accuracy of our market predictions. All data presented in the reports we publish are drawn from primary interviews with senior managers of large companies in the relevant field. Our secondary data sourcing methodology includes extensive online and offline research and discussions with knowledgeable industry professionals and analysts.

    David Correa
    Allied Analytics LLP
    write to us here
    Visit us on social media:

    NASA targets 13 landing sites on moon’s south pole for human landing | New


    ORLANDO, Fla. — NASA has juggled light and dark to come up with 13 potential landing sites for the upcoming Artemis III mission that will bring humans back to the lunar surface for the first time since 1972.

    Key to the choices was being able to find locations that could sustain the astronaut duo for 6 1/2 days on the surface with enough sunlight to provide energy and thermal protection, but also provide access to dark regions of craters and mountainous terrain near the moon’s south pole that could potentially contain water ice.

    As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.

    Glacier Park finds new alignment for bridge replacement


    Glacier National Park officials met with stakeholders for the second time Tuesday afternoon to discuss the Upper McDonald Creek Bridge replacement project, a month after a contentious initial meeting left the future of the project in question. .

    After four weeks of overhauling and tweaking, the new version of the project seems to meet with the approval of both parties and should start working with the deforestation as early as September 12.

    “This first plan didn’t really take into account the ability of landowners to go back and forth and our communication could have been better,” said Glacier Park Superintendent Dave Roemer. “So we went back to the drawing board and considered how we could modify this design so that the project could be successful without unduly impacting landowners and their access to their land.”

    The original design involved building the new bridge over the existing one, which would have severely restricted access to the west side of the creek during construction. The redesigned project now has the new bridge built approximately 30 feet upstream from the current bridge, preserving the use of the old bridge until construction is complete and the old bridge is removed.

    “I think we got it right with this new design,” Roemer said. “This design balances the concerns we heard in a way that we all win. All of this reviewing of plans and coming back may have seemed a little humorous at first, but I think we got to where we wanted to be.

    The planned project would be to replace the existing one-lane bridge and its two in-stream piers with a clear-span one-lane bridge with two sidewalks, one on each side. Additionally, the project would formalize parking for the Upper McDonald Creek trailhead west of the bridge, likely with 10 demarcated front parking spots. The new bridge would be approximately eight feet higher than the existing bridge.

    The first bridge over the creek was built in 1926. This bridge was rebuilt in 1936 after repeated flooding. After the 1964 flood washed away the bridge, the existing bridge was built in 1965.

    Severe flooding in 2006 damaged the bridge, including a crack in a central beam and the collapse of piers. Repairs over the years resulted in short-lived improvements, but the current structural condition of the bridge is considered poor with loads across the bridge limited to 15 tonnes.

    “From a bridge engineering perspective, the current bridge is becoming structurally obsolete. As time progresses, the wood does not get any younger and will deteriorate more and more. Continuing to invest in the current bridge with more repairs is not the right thing to do,” said Federal Highway Administration project engineer Michael Traffalis. “It’s a good time to replace the bridge before its load capacity becomes so weak that you might be able to drive a Prius on it. We don’t want to come to that. »

    Even with the new design, access to the area will be restricted and delays are to be expected.

    The existing bridge would continue to be available for park service and landowner access during construction. The construction area would be closed to public access for the duration of the work. Traffic delays would be minimized as much as possible, with 30-60 minute closures expected. Complete closures, possibly for two to three days at a time, would sometimes be necessary for safety reasons (such as during crane operations).

    The construction area, which extends approximately 100 feet between Going-to-the-Sun Road and the Upper McDonald Creek Trailhead, would be closed to public access for the duration of construction.

    In order to mitigate impacts on wildlife, restrictions have been placed on new construction, primarily during nighttime and corpuscular hours at sunrise and sunset.

    In addition, clearing work would be completed by October 1 this year to limit the impact on spring-breeding bird species.

    A biological impact study conducted by the park found that the project could temporarily disturb or displace grizzly bears and Canada lynx, but the effects would not alter the large-scale distribution of either species. The Project could also disturb or displace Bull Trout, but the effects would not affect Bull Trout populations or their persistence.

    “Much of the environmental compliance and analysis dates back two years, which gave us a huge advantage in being able to redesign the project. That being said, we have put a lot of work into it over the past two weeks” , said Roemer.

    The replacement of the Upper McDonald Creek Bridge with a new bridge slightly offset from the existing location and alignment was approved under a Categorical Exclusion in May 2021 and the park believes the redesigned project could still be Categorically Excluded and not would not require the preparation of an environmental assessment.

    The park plans to implement erosion and turbidity control to help address minor sedimentation that may occur during the project and will minimize tree removal where possible. Sensitive plant species would be salvaged for replanting.

    The overall permanent impact of the project is expected to be 0.7 acres once restoration, including the existing bridge area, is complete.

    A public review is underway based on the redesign to determine if there is any additional information or concerns that the park is not aware of that may require an EA.

    Comments may be posted on the NPS PEPC website or mailed to the Superintendent, Glacier National Park, Attn: UMC Bridge Replacement, PO Box 128, West Glacier, Montana, 59936. The comment period ends August 30.

    Journalist Jeremy Weber can be reached at [email protected]

    The Patagonian Fjords Of Chile


    Everyone has heard of the spectacular fjords of Norway and Alaska, but one place in the world where they are matched is the southern coast of Chile. There are massive fjords and one of the largest national parks in the world – Kawesqar National Park. The fjords of Patagonia are a unique experience far from civilization and one of the few places where you can see icebergs in South America.

    New Zealand and Norway have some fantastic fjords worth visiting, but perhaps travelers will find Patagonia’s fjords even more spectacular. Alaska’s beautiful fjords are best explored by boat, with Juneau located at the center of the Alaskan Panhandle – go at the right time and you’ll see brown bears feeding on salmon as they swim up the rivers.


    The Patagonian Fjords – One of the Last Great Wildernesses

    Without a doubt, the Chilean fjords are among the greatest wonders of nature. The fjords of Chilean Patagonia lie between the latitudes of Cape Horn (55° S) and the Reloncavi estuary (42° S). They are located in the extreme south of the continent, not so far from the Antarctic Peninsula.

    The fjords are also home to Kawesqar National Park, one of the largest in the world. The park is home to vast expanses of archipelagos made up of a mosaic of rainforests, glaciers, fjords, lakes, valleys, mountain ranges and a whole host of wildlife.

    Some of the wildlife species found in the area include chilla, culpeo, puma, huemul, and gato montes. Offshore, the kelp forests of southern Chile are among the healthiest in the world – they are also home to shallow colonies of cold-water corals.

    The Patagonian Fjords region of Chile is very remote and very difficult to access by land, so most visitors come by boat along the coast. It is possible to take an extended overland expedition to this wilderness or explore the fjords and coves by boat. Some tours begin in Argentina in the southern port city of Ushuaia.

    Related: When Visiting Juneau, You Won’t Want to Miss These Attractions

    Take a 14-day scenic expedition cruise through the fjords

    One of the companies offering expeditions through the fjords is Albatross Expeditions. Hop aboard their new ship, the Ocean Victory, and explore these wildernesses. The Ocean Victory is a luxury expedition vessel with a capacity of nearly 190 passengers. It comes with outside cabins, many of which have balconies. Explore the picture-perfect fjords from Cape Horn to Torres del Paine and Valparaiso.

    • Next departure date: March 27, 2023
    • Duration: 14 days
    • Land: Valparaiso
    • Boat: ocean victory
    • Price: $8,490

    The expedition begins in Ushuaia in Argentina and then heads towards Chilean waters and Cape Horn. Along the way, passengers will see the southernmost promontory of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, “Glacier Alley”, the Beagle Channel, countless glaciers, and more.

    One of the activities ashore is to take a coach trip to Torres del Paine. Other things people will see along the way include remote fishing villages, houses and alleys built on thousands of stilts, and one of the oldest towns in Chile.

    The package includes a 14-day cruise with accommodation on the ship, all landings and zodiac excursions described in the itinerary, guided tours, full board on the ship (breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks from the afternoon), etc.

    Related: Visit Fiordland: New Zealand’s largest national park home to many wonders

    18-Day Kayaking, Hiking and Skiing Adventure in the Fjords

    For the more adventurous, one of the best ways to explore the Patagonian fjords is by hiking, kayaking and camping. Get up close to the fjords dotted with icebergs carved out of the many glaciers that flow into the sea. Explore the wilderness with whales and sea lions in the fjords, giant woodpeckers in the forests and condors circling overhead. above.

    Ski Antarctica offers adventurous fjord expeditions with their yacht. With the yacht as their base, their expeditions focus on hiking, kayaking and even skiing.

    • Duration: 18 days
    • Activities: Hiking, Kayaking, Skiing, Sailing
    • Appointment: October 24 to November 10

    Ski Antarctica offers 18-day expeditions to the fjords of Patagonia. During this time, you will be surrounded by mountains, glaciers, fjords, wildlife and icebergs.

    Request a quote to get a price for shipping.

    Arctic Storm Chasers Brave Giant Cyclones to Understand How They Chew Sea Ice | Science


    The storm began somewhere between Iceland and Greenland, as disturbances high and low in the atmosphere coalesced into a full-fledged cyclone. A day later, the vast spiral of winds had become almost as big as Mongolia. It was heading for Svalbard, the archipelago between Norway and the North Pole, and heading for the thin floes surrounding the vulnerable Arctic sea ice in summer. And that made John Methven very, very happy.

    Last week, Methven, an atmospheric dynamizer from the University of Reading, flew through the storm as part of an aerial campaign based in Longyearbyen, Svalbard, the world’s northernmost town. As his Twin Otter aircraft shivered through tropical storm-force winds of 100 kilometers per hour, flying just 15 to 30 meters above the sea surface, Methven and the crew took measurements of the ice , water and air before returning to a bumpy landing on Svalbard. It was the third and most powerful cyclone that the British, American and French teams had captured in a month.

    “It’s really exciting to have this streak [of cyclones]says Methven, head of the UK component of the Thin Ice campaign, the first airborne project to study how these summer storms affect sea ice. “People are going to be pretty happy.”

    With data from the ice-skimming plane, a second plane flying through storm tops, and dozens of weather balloons, Thin Ice teams hope to learn how these common but poorly understood storms form, function, and chew. sea ​​ice. They also plan to assess how the properties of sea ice — smooth, rough, or lacking — affect the storms themselves. The data should help improve Arctic weather models and better understand how summer cyclones could accelerate the retreat of Arctic sea ice, already on the run due to global warming.

    Storms stir up waves that threaten Arctic fishing vessels and send storm surges into coastal villages. “A lot of these communities have to move,” says Julienne Stroeve, a polar scientist at the University of Manitoba (U of M). “They fall into the ocean.” Cyclones also threaten freighters and cruise ships that rush to take advantage of the newly ice-free passages in summer. Better models will “make it safer” to travel in the region, says Alex Crawford, arctic climatologist at the U of M. “You’ll have a better idea of ​​staying in port or moving on.”

    Summer arctic cyclones are very different beasts from tropical cyclones: not as powerful but sometimes bigger. The aptly named Great Arctic Cyclone of 2012 was 5,000 kilometers in diameter, covering the entire Arctic Ocean. With little topographic relief to disturb them, storms can wander around the Arctic Ocean for weeks. “There’s nothing to get rid of,” Methven says.

    Hurricanes are powered by the energy of water vapor rising from a warm ocean, but Arctic cyclones get their spark from horizontal differences in temperature. At high altitudes, the nodes of the polar vortex, a 5-8 kilometer collar of winds that separates warm mid-latitude air from cold Arctic air, can begin to spin the air. Near the surface, temperature differences between the ocean and the ice front or between the land and the ocean can have the same effect. When a low-level spin-up encounters one at the top, they escalate into a cyclone. Other Arctic cyclones are imports — storms from lower latitudes that end up in the Arctic “trash,” Crawford says.

    On July 29, British scientists kicked off the Thin Ice campaign with a skimming flight from Longyearbyen in Svalbard, the world’s northernmost town.John Methven

    Unlike hurricanes, Arctic cyclones cross an ocean partially covered in sea ice, with complex consequences for winds and ice. In early summer, cloud cover from storms can prevent melting. But in August, as the ice thins near the edge of the pack, cyclones can accelerate melting by pushing floes toward warmer waters, breaking ice into smaller floes that melt more easily, and creating waves. which agitate warmer waters. During this time, the rough surface of the ice can act as a brake on the winds. Yet friction can also help the storm persist by keeping its core stable, Methven says.

    Weather and climate models struggle to predict both storms and their interactions with sea ice. Jim Doyle, an atmospheric scientist at the Naval Research Laboratory and head of the U.S. component of Thin Ice. Methven says the UK Met Office model creates storms that tend to melt summer ice too quickly, while the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecast model lets too much ice linger.

    The models perform poorly in part because data on Arctic conditions is relatively sparse, with few weather stations. The models also struggle with the physics of Arctic clouds, which often contain a mixture of frozen and liquid droplets. “Getting the balance between the liquid phase and the ice phase is really, really difficult,” says Ian Renfrew, a meteorologist at the University of East Anglia. Thin Ice’s high-flying aircraft will help tune the models by collecting detailed cloud data inside the storm.

    Modelers are also hungry for surface-level data, especially along the rough, splintered perimeter of the pack ice, a region called the marginal ice zone. In recent years, Renfrew says, a few models have begun to include a parameter to account for marginal ice roughness instead of treating it as uniformly smooth. This appears to improve model predictions of cyclones and ice loss, but researchers aren’t sure if their parameter matches reality. By directly measuring the roughness of the ice and how its friction repels storms, skimming flights should help models predict the complex interaction of winds and ice.

    A global weather balloon is launched from Svalbard
    Thin Ice aircraft campaigns were supplemented by dozens of weather balloons that drifted up to 20 kilometers. carried by the wind

    Storms are a major factor in sea ice retreat. The Great Arctic Cyclone of 2012 destroyed 500,000 square kilometers of ice, an area the size of Spain, Steven Cavallo, an atmospheric scientist at the University of Oklahoma, told Norman. Cyclones regularly destroy a few hundred thousand square kilometers of ice and could be responsible for up to 40% of annual ice loss, he says. “We think it’s quite important. And it’s growing. »

    Doyle sees no sign that climate change is creating stronger or more frequent summer storms, at least in recent decades. But he says the warming makes the ice more vulnerable to the regular parade of cyclones. “The ice is thinning, so Arctic cyclones have a much bigger impact.”

    Models suggest that the Arctic will lose all of its summer sea ice by 2050, if not sooner. How this will affect summer storms is “the million dollar question,” says Elina Valkonen, an atmospheric scientist at Colorado State University. Competing forces are at work. The open, warmer ocean should provide more moisture and fuel for storms, but it would also reduce the low-level spin-ups that trigger many storms, by eliminating temperature gradients across what was once the front of ice and decreasing the gradients between ocean and land.

    In unpublished work, Valkonen and his colleagues examined scenarios for the year 2100 from a set of models tuned for an ice-free Arctic. They found no change in predicted pressure for summer storms, which defines their strength. And although the number of storms increased slightly, this was only due to storms imported from lower latitudes, and not to cyclones generated in the Arctic. However, all may not be good news. Without rough ice to slow them down, storms tended to last longer, with faster winds, Valkonen says. “When you’re a fisherman in the Arctic, that’s what matters to you.”

    ‘Skeleton’ Ship Lunar Lander Demonstration Isn’t Needed to Launch From the Moon – SpacePolicyOnline.com


    NASA does not require SpaceX to demonstrate that its Starship human landing system can lift off from the lunar surface before using it for the Artemis III mission and the test vehicle will be a “skeleton” of the actual lander. NASA selected SpaceX to build the Artemis III lander preceded by an uncrewed test flight, but NASA’s HLS program manager said today the demonstration did not include liftoff. She also pointed out that Starship is still in the design and development phase with many challenges ahead, not ready to launch as some seem to believe.

    SpaceX’s two-stage Starship space transportation system stacked for the first time, August 6, 2021, Boca Chica, TX. The silver first floor is called Super Heavy, and the second floor, covered in black heat shield tiles, is Starship, a name also used to refer to the two together. Credit: SpaceX

    Lisa Watson-Morgan, HLS program manager at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, spoke to NASA’s Lunar Exploration Analysis Group this morning with other NASA officials about the recent selection of 13 regions at the pole. lunar south for the landing of Artemis III.

    Artemis III will bring humans back to the lunar surface for the first time since the Apollo program. NASA currently predicts the landing at the end of 2025, just over three years away.

    SpaceX has been developing Starship for several years. Five test flights of second-stage prototypes at an altitude of around 10 kilometers took place between December 2020 and May 2021. The first four ended in flames, but the fifth was successful. The much larger first stage has yet to fly, although “fit checks” of the fully assembled vehicle have taken place at SpaceX’s test facility in Boca Chica, Texas.

    SpaceX founder and chief engineer Elon Musk tweeted yesterday that launching Starship into orbit is one of his two main goals this year.

    SpaceX plans to use Starship for many purposes – launching satellites into Earth orbit as well as people and cargo to the Moon and Mars. The name Starship is used both for the entire vehicle and only for the second stage.

    This is the second stage that will go to the Moon.

    However, the spacecraft is not designed to fly directly to the Moon like NASA’s Space Launch System. Instead, the first stage places it solely in Earth orbit. To go further, it must fill up with propellants in a fuel depot in orbit yet to be built. More ships are needed to deliver propellant to the depot.

    Watson-Morgan described the concept of operations for Starship’s Artemis III mission, starting with the launch of the fuel depot, then a number of “thruster aggregation” launches to fill the depot, then the launch of the ship that will go to the moon.

    His slide shows four thruster aggregation launches, but that’s not a firm number. “How many? Whatever number is needed is the number of launches,” she said.

    Source: NASA

    SpaceX and NASA are working together to demonstrate in-orbit cryogenic fluid management and “we still have a lot of challenges ahead.”

    “You could…maybe get the feeling that their [SpaceX’s] the system is ready to operate. And it’s not yet. We are in design and development. … We are still developing. We are still changing. And we’re going to get smarter, and then we’re going to have an amazing launch and we’re going to have an amazing landing. Lisa Watson Morgan

    This landing of two NASA astronauts on Artemis III will be preceded by an uncrewed test scheduled for 2024, but she explained that NASA only requires SpaceX to demonstrate a safe landing. No take off.

    “The uncrewed demo is not necessarily planned to be the same Starship you see for the crewed demo. It will be a skeleton because it only needs to land. It doesn’t need to lift , just for clarity. So clearly we want it, but the requirements are for it to land. Lisa Watson-Morgan

    SpaceX illustration of its Starship lunar lander. Note the astronaut at the bottom of the lander for scale.

    The discussion took place within the framework of the scientific investigations which can be carried out on the Artemis III mission. Working with SpaceX and a select group of scientists, NASA chose 13 regions of the Moon’s south pole where the landing could take place. NASA is now seeking input from the wider lunar science community to narrow down the list.

    Many factors are at play, especially the lighting conditions, which are quite different from those at the six Apollo landing sites closer to the equator. The South Pole is of great scientific interest and its permanently shaded regions are thought to contain water ice that could be used to support human outposts and for other purposes.

    Here is a rendering of 13 candidate landing regions for Artemis III. Each region measures approximately 9.3 by 9.3 miles (15 by 15 kilometers). A landing site is a location in these regions with a radius of approximately 328 feet (100 meters). Credits: NASA

    One of the scientists in the audience wondered if the crew would actually be able to descend and return from the surface to do science. Starship is very large and has an elevator to go up and down.

    Watson-Morgan offered assurances that it will work. The elevator is multiple fault tolerant, she said, and NASA and SpaceX are working hand in hand to test it, including with crews.

    Logan Kennedy, HLS Surface Lead at Marshall, showed two progress slides. The second slide shows what it will look like when people set foot on the Moon next time, he said.

    He also expressed his confidence in the elevator. One concern is moon dust, which sticks to everything and could clog the mechanisms. The elevator is designed to operate in this environment, he insisted, with a lot of conservatism built into the models because less is known about the lunar soil – the regolith – at the South Pole than at the Apollo sites.

    REVIEW: Carbon is a great loaner app but has issues with the recent update


    Despite making the news for negative reasons, including the nefarious activities of scammers known as loan sharks, lending apps continue to fill the void left by traditional commercial banks by providing quick loans to many Nigerians. For vouchers that uphold the company’s ethics, the market remains vibrant to explore as millions of Nigerians in need of emergency funds continue to take advantage of the various platforms.

    Carbon is one of the few known to have built a good reputation over time in the industry. Formerly known as One Credit, Carbon Loan is a money lending platform that only targets employees who urgently need a sum of money to meet a personal need.

    Carbon provides a range of financial services including personal loans, business loans, payments, remittances, credit ratings, savings and investments. The carbon loan application process usually takes less than 5 minutes. Their rates vary from 2% to 30%, and it depends on the repayment term of the loan and the amount of money you want to borrow.

    User reviews

    The Carbon app is flexible with a beautiful design and a simple user interface. While many app users attest to how smooth and easy the app is to access fast loans, the latest app update seems to be a problem for some users. Some app users who have spoken with Nairametrics have this to say about their experience:

    According to Taiwo Olawale, Carbon is the best loan app he has ever used. “Their repayment process is quite simple and the app is very user friendly and easy to navigate. As far as the repayment schedule goes, they are quite flexible with repayment options ranging from 14 days to 6 months and more depending on the rate. interest rate that the lender is comfortable with. They are quick in providing customer service and quickly resolve any issues their users have,” he said

    The news continues after this announcement

    For Precious Olaiya, although she considers the interest rate on the app very high, she confessed to having a smooth experience on the platform. She says: “Carbon is a great app, well designed with a user-friendly and simple interface. I couldn’t believe an app could be this great. The process was smooth. Once you have all the correct information they need, your request will be processed within minutes.The awesome part of everything was that my loans were done on Saturday.However, the interest rate is high.

    Another user, Tosin Salami, said he was enjoying the app until recently when it was updated and he started having issues. “I have been enjoying this app for 3 years, applying for loan seamlessly and repaying sooner than expected. But after the recent update, the experience became terrible. After repaying my loan successfully, the application has again denied me access to the loan despite the assurance from the team that I am qualified for a higher amount.I have contacted the support team several times with no solution in sight.Very bad experience from Carbon,” he said.

    The news continues after this announcement

    Google Play Store Reviews

    On the Google Play Store where the app has been downloaded over a million times, the app also enjoys positive reviews, the only hiccup being issues with its recent update.

    Emmanuel Aluyi wrote: “The most recent update was frustrating. I can’t connect, always giving me an internet connection error, even though I have a connection. I decided to clear app data to start over, and it made things worse. I can’t even load the app. It will open for a few seconds, then give me a “Failed to load configuration” error, then close.

    Another user, Shamah Godoz wrote: “Over the past 7 months, Carbon’s software has experienced serious issues. They say they solved it, but it fails again. I wasted time and trades on this app. And after using their lending features and building their credit for over two years, they ask me to verify my account again. And guess what… verification failed in the last three months. I don’t think I can yet. As soon as I can withdraw my money, I’m leaving. Nice investment feature though.

    Buchi Maximus wrote: “Everything has gone well so far. Although the downtime is there, I like that you are informed. However, I think the transaction details should be done in a way that you can open them whenever you want to see them, and not everything will appear on your screen once you open the app. And please fix the backup of the beneficiary. I love the app, the pinch of money from other banks I was experiencing has come to an end.

    For Bello Adebayo, his problems with the app also started with the latest update after 3 years of smooth experience. “Excellent payday loan app. I’ve been using it as an alternative bank for my daily financial transactions since (sic) 3 years ago when it was pay later and I’ve enjoyed the service. However, recently, I got a notification that I needed to update the app and I did, but I haven’t been able to use it since the update. It hasn’t stopped loading for two days Developer or operators should fix this bug or issue in time before losing more users”, he said.

    Faith Okoro says she has been using the app since 2018 and it was wonderful “until this update problem came and ruined everything. Whoever came up with this idea didn’t do well at all. It’s almost impossible to upgrade to level 3 and now I’m getting reduced amounts with outrageous interest rate. Please make Carbon what it was, it becomes like every other garbage app on the internet, I’m really disappointed, I should never have updated my app.

    Cecilia Oduh’s experience was no different. According to her, the Carbon app was comfortable for her for years until a recent update arrived. “I’ve been using this app for years with no issues. I’ve been working with no issues but recently I started having issues with it. I topped up for my on time and accurate payments but I can’t I can’t access it. Even when I’ve met the conditions, I’m still denied my top-up, which is very unusual at Carbon. It’s not a good one,” she wrote.


    The Carbon app is undoubtedly one of the best when it comes to lending apps in Nigeria. The recent experience shared by the users shows that the owners of the app should fix the bugs that create issues that did not exist before on the app.

    Nairametrics Rating

    Based on our analysis of the app and user experience, Nairametrics rates this app 7/10.

    As Quartz Fire grows in Glacier Park, firefighters work to put out new blaze on West Flattop


    quartz fire Fires in the Livingston Range of Glacier National Park continued to spread over the weekend after closing trails and backcountry campgrounds as wildland firefighters employed a “contain and to contain” aimed at minimizing risks to firefighters and public safety.

    Management of the 1,678-acre Quartz Fire caused by lightning has moved to a Type 3 incident management team, with 25 people affected. Although suppression efforts are not underway on the fire because it is burning in steep, remote and inaccessible terrain, it is being closely managed and monitored, fire officials said.

    On August 21, the fire spread south and west, moving further down the shore of Quartz Lake, with additional growth in an elevated basin on the northwest side of Logging Mountain. At the north end, the fire remains east and south of Quartz Creek. On Aug. 22, fire crews said they had completed their efforts to protect the historic Quartz Lake Patrol cabin, wrapping the structure in fire-resistant material while laying down hoses with pumps and sprinklers. Firefighters remain on site to fine-tune protection efforts and assess the behavior of the fire.

    The Quartz Fire was first reported on the morning of August 14 by a firefighter stationed at Cyclone Lookout along the North Fork Flathead River. Initially confined to high elevation on the west side of the Continental Divide, where it posed little risk to resources or infrastructure, the Quartz Fire spread as east-northeast winds blew the were growing west and southwest into the Quartz Creek watershed.

    The Quartz Lake Loop Trail and Quartz Creek Trail are closed, as are the backcountry campsites at Quartz Lake and Lower Quartz Lake. The area is accessible from Bowman Lake and the Polebridge entrance station.

    Meanwhile, a new lightning-caused fire start was reported Aug. 21 on West Flattop Mountain in the Lewis Range, near Fifty Mountain Campground in the north-central Glacier region.

    Glacier Park public information officer Diane Sine said smoke from the West Flattop Fire was first seen from Swiftcurrent Lookout at 4:37 p.m. Sunday after an afternoon thunderstorm. Lightning was accompanied by rain, and fire growth was limited to one-tenth of an acre.

    Three Glacier National Park firefighters were inserted into the area via a Flathead National Forest helicopter Monday morning to put out the blaze on West Flattop Mountain, Sine said. Glacier National Park, along with interagency partners Flathead National Forest and the Blackfoot Tribe, will continue to patrol for any additional fire outbreaks in the wake of Sunday’s storm.

    According to Sine, the decision to ferry firefighters into the West Flattop Fire was based on its accessibility, as well as its potential to head north into the Waterton Valley.

    “The number one goal of any fire is to limit the safety risk to the public and firefighters,” Sine said.

    Elsewhere in northwest Montana, the Elmo Fire burning near Lake Mary Ronan, which just weeks ago was the top priority in Montana, is mostly a smoldering patch of scorched earth. The fire is 78% contained and remains at 21,349 acres.

    A few miles north of Hot Springs, the Garceau Fire showed minimal growth over the weekend and is holding at 6,725 acres with 40% containment. There are currently 340 personnel assigned to the operation with substantial air support.

    The Redhorn Fire, burning seven miles northeast of St. Ignatius in the Mission Mountain Tribal Wilderness, has seen minimal growth in recent days.

    Lake County and the Flathead Indian Reservation remain in Stage 1 fire restrictions.

    In the Spotted Bear Ranger District of the Bob Marshall Wilderness, cannon fire, first detected Aug. 7, has reached nearly 1,384 acres, shutting down recreation in the area. Portions of Forest Service Trail #107, 115, 218, 226, 493, and 693 are closed in the area. A map identifying the closure area can be found online and seen below.

    Data – An essential tool for utilities to prepare for extreme weather conditions


    Memories of last February’s Winter Storm Uri will likely linger long in the minds of residents of Texas and the Deep South. Uri has hit the region with heavy snowfall, ice and below normal temperatures of more than 40 degrees Fahrenheit, leaving millions of people without power, running water and heat. It was the costliest winter storm on record, resulting in losses of $24 billion.

    Remarkably, Uri was just one of 20 weather and climate disasters in 2021 that each caused more than $1 billion in losses in the United States, according to the National Environmental Information Centers of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The same agency reported a sharp increase in the frequency of disasters over $1 billion: there were 123 during the 2010s, nearly double the 63 that occurred during the 2000s.

    As electric utilities and other power providers face the reality of more extreme weather conditions, they are making significant investments to ensure they can better withstand and adapt to these events. These investments include pole replacements, weatherization of power plants and gas supply lines, landfilling of assets, microgrids and grid reconfigurations.

    Data-driven knowledge of early network disruption indicators

    Data is another critical ingredient in preparing for extreme weather conditions. When a hurricane, winter storm, heat wave, or other weather event is approaching an area, good data can increase awareness of the warning signs of major power grid disruptions.

    For example, information about weather-related power plant shutdowns, real-time electricity demand, and short-term weather forecasts can inform forecasts of whether demand will significantly exceed supply or capacity. transmission lines – and will cause major outages for utility customers.

    Putting this data about upcoming weather patterns into historical context can create even more actionable insights.

    “Through careful data analysis, utilities can identify historical weather event conditions that have led to extreme market reactions,” said Cliff Rose, product manager at Yes Energya main supplier comprehensive analysis tools and data on the electricity market. “For example, during some heat waves, we have seen winds drop and wind turbines shut down, leading to production shortages, skyrocketing electricity prices and customer outages. If a weather event moves into an area, an electricity supplier can use our platform to track market conditions in real time. If future conditions exhibit similar patterns to historical events, this may lead to the conclusion that similar extreme market reactions could occur. »

    Data-driven decisions during active weather events

    Data can also add significant value to a public service when a weather event has already happened in an area. For example, if a storm has damaged generation facilities, an electricity supplier can leverage electricity market data to identify the most cost-effective generation to purchase in the area. Informed purchasing decisions allow them to continue to provide reliable and profitable service to customers even during the storm.

    “We can provide the data context to inform what the best market moves might be,” said Will Dailey, Chief Commercial Officer of Yes Energy. “Our data platform provides utilities with clear visibility into key regional and cross-regional electricity data such as prices, load, transmission outages and transmission constraints, both currently and over a With the acquisition of Live Power’s July 2022 generation and transmission monitoring data, our customers can also see which plants and lines may be down or operating at limited capacity. de main helps our utility customers refine their strategies as weather events approach their territories.”

    Information based on data after weather events

    Strong data also allows utilities to perform intelligent post-hoc analyzes of what happened on the network when a weather event unfolded. For example, how did the event affect market conditions, such as location-specific demand and electricity prices received by certain power plants? Based on the insights gained from these analyses, utilities can avoid repeating mistakes that may have caused major network disruptions.

    “Utilities want to stay out of the headlines, and there’s no surer way to make headlines than to have extended outages in your territory,” Dailey said. “It is incredibly difficult to manage the power grid during severe weather events. Even the best-prepared utility has to endure outages. The question is how to anticipate these events and how to defend the actions you have taken to minimize the impact of outages. »

    “Data analysis should be a basic skill,” he advised. “History is a good teacher. Historical data can help utilities make fully informed and defensible decisions during today’s weather events to help keep them out of the headlines. »

    A few days after winter storm Uri, Yes Energy analyzed its data to demonstrate that grid operators actually made a lot of good decisions very quickly that prevented the situation from getting worse.

    “We have received requests from regulators to use our data to assess the impact of Uri on network operations,” Dailey noted. “Other customers have used our Uri data to predict how ice build-up from even minor winter storms could affect wind operations and market conditions. There is a lot to learn from this wealth of data if you can harness it effectively. We help our clients do just that.

    Data is essential to prepare for the future

    In addition to helping utilities make informed decisions in real time in response to weather events, data can help them justify their decisions. They can use it to demonstrate that they have used all the tools at their disposal to avoid network disruption and justify new network investments.

    “A utility could use our platform to quantify the dollar impact of a power plant outage due to an extreme weather event and use that figure to justify investments in grid reliability and resiliency,” proposed Pink. Armed with a data-driven understanding of the impact of historical weather events on grid operations, utilities can better explain to regulators why they need to approve investments in hardening or winterizing grid assets to prepare for future events.

    Supporting a resilient and reliable grid during extreme weather conditions requires a nuanced understanding of many interrelated aspects of electricity markets. Yes Energy’s comprehensive data platform provides a clear visual picture of how these aspects interact to provide actionable solutions to real-time and future weather challenges.

    Scientists: Mount Rainier’s largest glacier is melting


    Dr. Claire Todd descended loose volcanic rock into a steep valley where the Emmons Glacier once lay in Mount Rainier National Park. She, along with a team of her geology students, then hiked 1 mile to the end of the glacier, where an ice cave gushed out of the water into the turbulent White River.

    “We’re looking into the belly of the beast,” said Todd, a professor of geological sciences at California State University, San Bernardino. “It takes a lot of heat and melt to get this thing started for the season.”

    Glaciers are essentially slow-moving rivers of ice and snow that hold water like a storage reservoir. During the summer months, their melt pours into streams and rivers. Emmons – the largest glacier in the continental United States – is an important source of fresh water for Puget Sound, feeding the White River which runs along State Route 410. Although Emmons has grown in size every winter for decades , its surface is now melting irregularly, raising questions about flooding and water supply as the climate warms.

    Further research is needed to understand what the future might bring, as well as climate policy to drastically reduce greenhouse gases and slow climate change. The Inflation Recovery Act, recently passed by the US Senate, goes in this direction, in particular by aiming to reduce carbon emissions by approximately 40% by 2030 and to invest in clean energy sources.

    In July, like every summer for 14 years, Todd traveled to Emmons to sample water quality and measure debris ranging from solidified lava boulders to fragments of talus or alpine rock. His fieldwork, currently funded by NASA and the University of Washington, enables sampling that adds significantly to the information gathered through aerial mapping.

    NASA Releases Details of Previously Unknown Antarctic Ice Loss – Clarksville Online


    Pasadena, California – The greatest uncertainty in global sea level rise predictions is how ice loss from Antarctica will accelerate as the climate warms.

    Two studies published on August 10 and led by researchers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California reveal unexpected new data on how the Antarctic ice sheet lost mass. over the past decades.

    A study, published in the journal Nature, maps how iceberg calving – the breaking up of ice from a glacial front – has altered the Antarctic coastline over the past 25 years. The researchers found that the edge of the ice cap was losing icebergs faster than the ice could be replaced.

    The startling discovery doubles previous estimates of ice loss from Antarctica’s floating ice shelves since 1997, from 6 trillion to 12 trillion metric tons. Ice loss from calving has weakened ice shelves and allowed Antarctic glaciers to flow faster into the ocean, accelerating the rate of global sea level rise.

    The other study, published in Earth System Science Data, shows in unprecedented detail how thinning Antarctic ice as ocean water melted spread from the outer edges of the continent to its interior, nearly doubling in western portions of the ice sheet over the past. decade. Combined, the complementary reports provide the most comprehensive view yet of how the frozen continent is changing.

    Iceberg calving

    Antarctic ice sheet elevation changes from 1985 to 2021 are shown.  Ice height decreases (red) as the ice sheet melts on contact with seawater;  it rises (in blue) where accumulation exceeds melting.  Ice shelves are shown in grey.  Missions that provided data are listed at the bottom.  (NASA/JPL-Caltech)
    Antarctic ice sheet elevation changes from 1985 to 2021 are shown. Ice height decreases (red) as the ice sheet melts on contact with seawater; it rises (in blue) where accumulation exceeds melting. Ice shelves are shown in grey. Missions that provided data are listed at the bottom. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

    “Antarctica is collapsing at its edges,” says JPL scientist Chad Greene, lead author of the calving study. “And when the ice shelves shrink and weaken, the continent’s massive glaciers tend to accelerate and increase the rate of global sea level rise.”

    Most of Antarctica’s glaciers flow into the ocean, where they end in floating ice shelves up to 3 kilometers thick and 800 kilometers in diameter. Ice shelves act as buttresses to glaciers, preventing ice from simply sliding into the ocean. When ice shelves are stable, they have a natural cycle of calving and replenishment that keeps their size fairly constant over the long term.

    But in recent decades, ocean warming has destabilized Antarctica’s ice shelves by melting them from below, making them thinner and weaker. Satellite altimeters measure the thinning process by recording the changing height of the ice, but until this study there has been no full assessment of how climate change might affect calving on the continent. .

    This is partly because satellite imagery has been difficult to interpret. “For example,” Greene said, “you can imagine looking at a satellite image and trying to figure out the difference between a white iceberg, a white ice shelf, a white pack ice, and even a white cloud. It’s always been a difficult task, but we now have enough data from several satellite sensors to get a clear picture of how the Antarctic coastline has changed in recent years.

    For the new study, Greene and his co-authors synthesized satellite imagery of the continent in the visible, thermal infrared (heat) and radar wavelengths since 1997. Combining these measurements with an understanding of the flow ice acquired through an ongoing NASA glacier mapping project, they mapped the edges of ice shelves for about 30,000 linear miles (50,000 kilometers) of the Antarctic coast.

    Losses from calving have so outstripped natural sea ice growth that researchers believe Antarctica is unlikely to return to its pre-2000 extent by the end of this century. In fact, the results suggest that greater losses can be expected: Antarctica’s largest ice shelves all appear to be heading for major calvings within the next 10 to 20 years.

    Mapping 36 years of ice loss

    In the companion study, JPL scientists combined nearly 3 billion data points from seven space-based altimetry instruments to produce the longest continuous dataset of ice sheet height change – an indicator of ice loss – as early as 1985. They used radar and laser measurements of ice elevation, accurate to centimeters, to produce the highest resolution monthly change maps of ice loss ever.

    The unparalleled detail of the new record reveals how long-term trends and annual weather conditions affect the ice. It even shows the rise and fall of the ice sheet as subglacial lakes regularly fill and empty miles below the surface. “Subtle changes like these, combined with a better understanding of long-term trends in this data set, will help researchers understand the processes that influence ice loss, leading to better future estimates of sea level rise. sea ​​level,” said lead author Johan Nilsson of JPL. of the study.

    Synthesizing and analyzing the massive archive of measurements into a single, high-resolution dataset took years of work and thousands of hours of computation on NASA servers. Nilsson says it was worth it: “Condensing the data into something more broadly useful can bring us closer to the big breakthroughs we need to better understand our planet and help us prepare for the future impacts of climate change. »

    An artist from Cork embarks on a fearsome polar expedition


    A CORK man prepares to embark on one of the most ambitious expeditions of our time with intense training that includes learning self-defense against polar bears.

    World-renowned explorer Jim McNeill has recruited Cork author and children’s animator Anthony Galvin to be part of the first-ever team to reach the North Pole of Inaccessibility. The journey is made possible by the Ice Warrior #LASTPOLE Expedition initiative which brings together ordinary people to perform extraordinary expeditionary feats.

    Anthony, from Conna near Fermoy, will also collect vital data related to climate change along the way.

    Defined as the furthest point from earth on the Arctic Ocean, the North Pole of Inaccessibility remains the last truly significant place in the Polar Regions not yet reached by humanity. It is over 270 miles further than the geographic North Pole.

    The expedition will serve not only as a record-breaking challenge, but also as an opportunity to gather crucial data on the state of the ocean for scientists at the NASA-funded National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). It is hoped that this, along with weather data, pollution measurements and polar bear counts, will shed more light on the reality of climate change.

    Anthony spoke about his training to date.


    “One of the things we learned was how to deal with polar bears,” he said.

    “They are in decline, but in some places the numbers are starting to pick up. We are almost certain to encounter polar bears. They are quite aggressive. If they are hungry, we are a good convenient meal for them, so you have to be very careful. He explained the precautions they might have to take during the trek.

    “Because polar bears are endangered, it’s a last resort that we shoot one. If that happens, we’re all in trouble. They can, however, be scared off with flares to scare them away.

    “Situations like this are what we are trained for.”

    Despite his fears, Anthony can’t wait to see the animal in person.

    “I would like to see a polar bear, but only from a distance. It will also be nice to see arctic foxes up close.

    Anthony shed light on the other aspects of his training.

    “Physically, training was the toughest challenge I’ve ever experienced. On several occasions we were asked to solve puzzles and challenged to see how we coped with being deprived of food and sleep and having to keep functioning at the end of the day.

    “We’ve also been trained in the use of the specialist equipment and how to prepare the stove super-fast. If it’s minus 40, you need to be able to get it to work quickly so you can get people food. as soon as possible after a day’s walk.” The Cork man says it was his persistence that picked him for the team.

    “A lot of that is down to perseverance. She’s the person who always smiles and says let’s keep going, even though she’s exhausted and finds she has three hours left to go, she searches.

    Anthony hopes he can go the distance.

    “From now until January, I will get back into the shape of my life. People have tried and failed to reach the location for many reasons. Some have chosen the wrong time of year for their expedition. Others have lost a few kilometers due to poor navigation. It would be great to be among the first to reach this part of the world.

    To learn more about shipping, visit www.ice-warrior.com.

    NASA astronauts will land in shaded regions of the moon’s south pole


    A SpaceX Starship lander, as part of the Artemis 3 mission, will touch down the first people to walk on the moon since 1972 at one of 13 sites on the lunar south pole, NASA announced Friday.

    NASA officials have revealed the Baker’s dozen potential lunar landing sites for the 2025 mission. The announcement comes about a week before the agency launches its new lunar rocket, the Space Launch System, on the flight Artemis 1 trial.

    The areas selected as candidate landing sites at the lunar South Pole were chosen because of their scientific and technological interest. The South Pole is an area of ​​the moon entirely unexplored by humans, far from the Apollo mission landing sites and contains places that are permanently in darkness.


    NASA’s chief exploration scientist, Jacob Bleacher, said the launch opportunity would depend on when the landing sites are illuminated by the sun, which is only for a short time.

    “The Apollo missions took full advantage of the lighting conditions near the equator, knowing that they would have the equivalent of 14 continuous days of Earth light once a month. So they could land in those places and know that they would have an expanse of nine, ten light days,” Bleacher said. “So one of the conditions we’re looking at is that it should be illuminated for the duration of the mission.”

    Artemis 3 is expected to be a week-long mission to the lunar surface.

    A team of scientists and engineers used data from NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) and other observations to narrow down regions on the moon of interest.

    After seeing the list of locations, planetary and lunar geologist Kerri Donaldson Hanna of the University of Central Florida said the regions are well known within the lunar science community because they are areas where there will likely be water ice.

    “The reason these permanently shaded regions are so enticing is that when we look at where we think water and water ice might be at the South Pole, it’s in these permanently shaded regions,” he said. said Donaldson Hanna. “They are among the coldest places in the entire solar system.”

    The following candidate regions each have at least 10 potential landing site options within a 9 mile radius:

    • Faustini A rim
    • Peak near Shackleton
    • Ridge Connection
    • Ridge Extension Connection
    • from Gerlache Rim 1
    • from Gerlache Rim 2
    • Gerlache-Kocher Massif
    • Haworth
    • Massif Malapert
    • Leibnitz Plateau Beta
    • Nobile Rim 1
    • Nobile Rim 2
    • Amundsen rim

    Exploration of the South Pole will be a game-changer for lunar geology.

    Donaldson Hanna said Apollo astronauts collected anorthosite moon rocks; however, at the South Pole, scientists expect anorthosite to be free of heat-producing elements, providing a more pristine sample of the lunar crust.

    “It diversifies the types of rocks we study on the moon, and these have not been studied to date from our sample collection,” she said.

    Most of the regions selected are high altitude areas next to permanently shaded regions, and many sites will also be explored by robotic missions.

    “The advantage is that they will be very close to these permanently shadowed regions, which means that they can be traversed in these regions and really study them in detail,” said Donaldson Hanna.

    Astronauts will need to learn how to conduct field geology in these shaded regions, some of which are believed to contain water ice or other resources.

    NASA Artemis lunar science manager Sarah Noble said astronauts are already training to work in these dark regions of the moon, performing field geology in extreme lighting conditions.


    “Even outside of this permanently shadowed crater, it’s going to be a challenge,” Noble said. “We go out at night and do analog activities where we bring in our own sun, and we test the suit lights and make sure our astronauts can actually see the geology they’re trying to study.”

    Bleacher said the space agency hopes the release of the list will encourage collaboration and more contributions from lunar scientists and engineers.


    Bleacher said NASA will continue to assess landing sites with SpaceX to determine the final landing spot. Due to changing sunlight at the South Pole, the moon’s orbit and other factors, multiple landing site options will be required when Artemis 3 lifts off. Bleacher said the final landing sites would be “confirmed” approximately 18 months before launch.

    Reduce landing site

    There are several upcoming robotic missions to the Moon in the coming years that could also provide valuable data on candidate sites. Donaldson Hanna is the principal investigator of a lunar robotic mission launched in 2026 and is part of the Lunar Trailblazer orbiter science team.

    Trailblazer will launch next year, providing high-resolution maps of water ice on the moon’s poles.

    “Hopefully we will have lots of Lunar Trailblazer data that will have higher spatial resolution and spectral resolution, which should allow us to better identify where water ice might be in these 13 candidate landing sites, and therefore perhaps will help NASA select a smaller subset of these landing sites,” Donaldson Hanna explained.

    NASA’s Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER) will launch in 2024 and explore the Nobile region of the South Pole. Nobile Rim 1 and 2 are both potential human landing sites.

    “They will be able to see, as they move, the diversity of this region of the landing site, which should give some ground truth to all of our remote sensing data,” Donaldson Hanna said.

    The Polar Resources Ice Mining Experiment-1 (PRIME-1) lander will drill into the ice and map resources near Shackleton Crater. NASA has included several potential human landing sites near Shackleton Crater or on connecting ridges around the crater.

    SpaceX was not part of the call with reporters on Friday, but NASA officials said Starship’s first demonstration mission would land at the South Pole but not necessarily in any of the 13 areas.

    The uncrewed launch of Artemis 1 is scheduled for August 29 at 8:33 a.m. from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Astronauts will orbit the moon on the next mission known as Artemis 2.

    After Artemis 3, NASA and its partners will begin assembling the Gateway orbital station in lunar orbit. This will serve as an outpost for astronauts to dock at Orion before heading to the lunar surface.

    Wilderness research sparks controversy: Short Wave: NPR


    Glacier Peak is a 3,214 meter (10,544 ft) volcano located in the North Cascades, Washington State. This summer, the United States Forest Service (USFS) approved a request from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) to add four additional seismometers to Glacier Peak. Scientists are currently monitoring volcanic activity with a seismometer.

    United States Geological Survey

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    United States Geological Survey

    Glacier Peak is a 3,214 meter (10,544 ft) volcano located in the North Cascades, Washington State. This summer, the United States Forest Service (USFS) approved a request from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) to add four additional seismometers to Glacier Peak. Scientists are currently monitoring volcanic activity with a seismometer.

    United States Geological Survey

    There are 161 potentially active volcanoes in the United States, according to the United States Geological Survey. Most of the time they seem quiet – punctuated by a few very loud eruptions. But these volcanoes “talk” to us all the time. Scientists say the sooner we learn to interpret their normal chatter, the sooner we’ll know when they’re telling us something unusual and potentially dangerous.

    One way to “listen” to this volcano is to use seismic monitors, which measure the Earth’s dynamic shiver under and around volcanoes. This usually requires setting up seismic stations in remote locations – in the United States, often on protected land. This can sometimes bring researchers into conflict with some conservationists.

    Every Friday this summer Short wave publishes a series of stories about science in public lands. Today’s episode is the standoff over one particular sleeping giant in the Pacific Northwest: Glacier Peak.

    There are five active volcanoes in Washington State. Of the five, Glacier Peak is the farthest.

    United States Geological Survey

    hide caption

    toggle caption

    United States Geological Survey

    There are five active volcanoes in Washington State. Of the five, Glacier Peak is the farthest.

    United States Geological Survey

    As we continue our road trip visiting science happening on public lands, we also want to know where you are in the world, especially if you are in a national park! To be featured in an episode, send us a recording showing your name, location and “You’re listening to Short Wave – from NPR”. Our email is [email protected]. We would love to hear from you!

    This episode was produced by Berly McCoy and edited by Rebecca Ramirez. Rachel Carlson checked the facts. Natasha Branch was the sound engineer.

    Ice Warrior Anthony trades a pen for an ice pick on a North Pole adventure

    Ice Warrior Anthony Galvin

    WE RAISE THEM tough